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1.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 182-187, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884864

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical value of Octreotide plus Ulinastatin in the treatment of severe acute pancreatitis(SAP)in elderly patients.Methods:From May 2016 to February 2019, 124 elderly SAP patients admitted to the gastroenterology department of our hospital were enrolled and divided into the combination therapy group and the control group, with 62 patients in each group.The combination therapy group was treated with Octreotide and Ulinastatin, while the control group was treated with Octreotide alone.Serum leukocyte count, C-reactive protein(CRP), interleukin(IL)-6, tumor necrosis factor(TNF)-α and amylase levels were monitored before and 1, 3, 5, 7 and 14 days after treatment by automated biochemical analysis and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays.The pain grade scale, APACHE-Ⅱ score and efficacy evaluation were analyzed for the two groups 7 days after treatment.The time to oral refeeding and length of hospitalization were compared between the two groups, and related complications during the treatment were recorded.Complications and the recurrence of pancreatitis within 1 year were followed up in both groups.Results:There was no statistically significant difference in serum white blood cell count, CRP, amylase, IL-6 and TNF-α levels between the two groups before treatment(all P>0.05). Serum white blood cell count, CRP and TNF-α levels had significant differences( t=3.735, 2.851 and -2.147, P=0.036, 0.029 and 0.043)and serum amylase and IL-6 levels had no significant difference( P>0.05)between the two groups 3 days after treatment.All the above parameters had significant differences between the two groups 7 days after treatment( t=3.624, 2.918, -2.166, 2.684 and -2.593, P=0.023, 0.011, <0.001, 0.015 and <0.001). Serum amylase, IL-6 and TNF-α levels had significant differences( t=-3.515, 4.627 and -3.189, all P<0.001)and serum white blood cell count and CRP had no significant difference(all P>0.05)between the two groups 14 days after treatment.There were significant differences in visual analogue scale(VAS)and APACHE-Ⅱ score between the two groups 7 days after treatment( t=-2.346 and -3.245, P=0.021 and 0.002). On the 7th day after treatment, the effectiveness rate was 79.0%(49/62)in the combination therapy group and 61.3%(38/62)in the control group, with a significant difference between the two groups( χ2=4.661, P=0.031). Compared with the control group, time to oral refeeding and hospitalization length were shorter in the combination therapy group than in the control group(6.72±1.87 d vs.7.65±1.69 d, 11.23±2.98 d vs.13.85±3.42 d, t=-2.868 and -4.565, both P<0.05). There were significant differences in the incidences of infectious pancreatic necrosis, gastrointestinal adverse reactions and organ failure between the combination therapy group and the control group(11.3% or 7/62 vs.25.8% or 16/62, 43.5% or 27/62 vs.21.0% or 13/62, 1.6% or 1/62 vs.11.3% or 7/62, χ2=4.324, 7.233 and 4.810, P=0.038, 0.007 and 0.028). There were significant differences in mean length of time without complications and recurrence between the combined group and the control group(10.25±3.26 months vs.8.72±3.73 months, 10.69±2.51 months vs.9.62±2.92 months, Log Rank χ2=7.463 and 4.589, P=0.006 and 0.032). Conclusions:Octreotide combined with Ulinastatin can effectively alleviate local symptoms, slow clinical progression, reduce the risk of complications, decrease the recurrence rate and promote early recovery in elderly SAP patients.

2.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 647-651, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503750

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the complications of transvaginal natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery( TV-NOTES) nephrectomy, and to explore effective measures to prevent and manage those complication.Methods From May 2010 to January 2015, a total of 178 females who had been married and given birth underwent TV-NOTES nephrectomy in our center.The average age was 47 ( ranging 23 to 71 ) years and the average BMI was 23.6 ( ranging 14.7 to 31.9 ) kg/m2.Pathological diagnosis included 142 cases of non-functional kidneys, 29 cases of renal tumors ( T1 N0-1 M0 25 cases, T2 N0-1 M0 4 cases) , and 7 cases of renal tuberculosis.One hundred and sixty hybrid TV-NOTES nephrectomy procedures (simple in 132, radical in 28) and 18 pure TV-NOTES nephrectomy procedures (simple in 17, radical in 1) were performed.Intraoperative and postoperative complications were graded according to Satava and Clavien-Dindo grade classifications.The major complications and relative treatments were analyzed.Results Among the 178 TV-NOTES nephrectomy procedures, there were 40 ( 22.5%) complications occurred, including 13 (7.3%) major complications, in which there were 11 cases of intraoperative complications (6.2%),2 cases of postoperative complications (1.1%).All the complications were successfully managed using organ repair or resection, embolectomy, hemostasis, and so on.No intraoperative and postoperative deaths occurred.There was no significant difference in major complications between hybrid TV-NOTES and pure TV-NOTES nephrectomy (6.9%vs.11.1%, P=0.620).The intraoperative major complications in the early developmental stage of TV-NOTES nephrectomy were more than that of the late stage (20.0%vs.3.4%, P=0.004).There was no significant difference in postoperative complications between the early and late developmental stage of TV-NOTES nephrectomy (13.3%vs.10.8%, P=0.751).Conclusions TV-NOTES nephrectomy is safe and feasible, but there are some major complications worthy of attention.Personal prevent and treatment strategy should be considered.

3.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 361-365, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-418656

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the feasibility of TNF-α promoting migration of rat mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to local damaged tissues. Methods The MSCs was exposed to TNF-α at different concentrations and the expression rate of surface adheslon molecules and specific markers as well as their adhesion to endothelial cells were detected.Based on the above steps,the MSCs stimulated with the optimal concentration of TNF-α were obtained and were injected intravenously to the rats whose hindlimbs experienced ischemia damage.The rats were executed for achieving the muscle samples in the ischemic area,which were made into frozen section to count the number of MSCs. Results ( 1 ) Twenty-four hours after the TNF-o stimulation,the expression of adhesion molecule (VCAM-1) of MSCs increased in a concentration-dependent manner,while the expression of adhesion molecules (ICAM-1,L-Selectin and VLA4) of MSCs showed no significant changes.Besides,the expression rate of specific markers of MSCs was also obscure.(2) Exposed to 10 ng/ml TNF-o,MSCs presented an obviously increased ability in adhesion to the endothelial cells.(3) MSCs stimulated with 10 ng/ml TNF-α showed a larger number in the ischemia-damaged tissue of rat hindlimbs than that in the control group. Conclusion TNF-α at concentration of 10 ng/ml is effective within a short term in increasing VCAM-1 expression in rat MSCs and promoting the adhesion of MSCs to endothelial cells without affecting their character.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-403531

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Following bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs) infusion therapy, which factor promotes BMMSCs migrated to correct position is a key point, currently, adhesion molecule is thought to be playing an important role in mediating BMMSCs migration. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) in rat BMMSCs. METHODS: BMMSCs were in vitro separated from rat bone marrow by directly adherence method. The expression of VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 were identified by using immunocytochemical staining, and the expression rates of antigen were tested by flow cytometry, in addition, their mRNA expressions were measured by RT-PCR. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Immunocytochemistry demonstrated that BMMSCs weakly expressed VCAM-1, but strong expressed ICAM-1. Flow cytometry showed that the expression rate of VCAM-1 was 6%, and the expression rate of ICAM-1 was 100%. RT-PCR showed that BMMSCs expressed a low level of VCAM-1 mRNA but a high level of ICAM-1 mRNA. It revealed under physiological condition, BMMSCs expressed a low level of VCAM-1, whereas they expressed a high level of ICAM-1.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-402536

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Previous studies have shown that monocytes can transdifferentiate into vascular endothelial cells under the induction of various factors including vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF).It remains poorly understood whether monocytes can be induced to transdifferentiate into lymphatic endothelial cells in vitro.OBJECTIVE:To explore the possibility of the transdifferentiation of monocytes into lymphatic endothelial cells under inflammatory condition.METHODS:Fresh monocytes from peripheral blood were collected by Ficoll density gradient centrifugation and cultured in an endothelial cell medium,followed by incubation in fibronectin-plated well or treated with tumor necrosis factor a for 24 hours,respectively.The expression of specific markers of lymphatic endothelial cells,such as LYVE-1,Podoplanin,Porx-1 and VEGF receptor 3(VEGFR-3),as well as the endothelial cells markers,such as vWF,endothelial nitric oxide synthase(eNOS)and VEGFR-2,were detected by RT-PCR and immunochemical methods.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Prior to induction,monocytes were positive to LYVE-1,but negative for Podoplanin,Porx-1,and VEGFR-3,vWF,eNOS,as well as VEGFR-2.Following induction,the cultured mononcytes were positive for Podoplanin,Prox-1 and VEGFR-3,but remained negative for vWF,eNOS and VEGFR-2.It suggested that monocytes can be induced to express the markers of lymphatic endothelial cells stimulated by fibronectin or tumor necrosis factor a.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-547018

ABSTRACT

Objective To change the two-tiered C/S architecture of traditional PACS.Methods Based on the deeply research of PACS architecture,combination with DICOM and distributed object technology,propose distributed PACS system architecture,the three-tire client/server framework of distributed object technology introduced into the architecture of PACS to design the new architecture.Results In comparison with traditional PACS that were based on DICOM networks,the distributed PACS were improved themselves in system architecture and performance,and PACS were more open and interoperable.Conclusion The new architecture not only enhances the performance of PACS,but also meets the need of open and high interconnectivity and interoperability.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-548406

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the influence of inflammatory cytokine TNF-? on the expression of adhesion molecules and specific markers of rat MSCs, and to study the optimal stimulation of MSCs with inflammatory factors in inducing adhesion molecule expression which promotes migration of MSCs to the ischemic area in liver. Methods: The MSCs stimulated with different concentration of TNF-? were detected for adhesion molecules and stem cells markers on cell surface with the method of flow-cytometry, MSCs which were stimulated with the optimal concentration of TNF-? and labeled with 1, 1-Dioctadecyl-3, 3, 3, 3-tetramethylindocarbocyanine Iodade(DiI)were delivered intravenously to the rats whose liver was injured by ischemia, the liver function of the experimented animals were tested, and liver samples in the ischemic area were obtained, the number of MSCs was counted under a fluorescent microscope. Results: Stimulated with TNF-?, MSC ex-pression of VCAM-1 increased, while that of stem cell markers did not change markedly. Exposed to lower concentration of TNF-?, the adhesion ability of MSCs obviously increased and more MSCs rested in the ischemic areas in the rat liver, compared to the control groups. Conclusions: TNF-? can increase the expression of VCAM-1 on rat MSCs while exert little effect on the stem cell character of MSCs. Suitable concentration of TNF-? can promote MSCs migration to the damaged tissue, which provides rationale for the treatment of liver disease.

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