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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877673

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) pretreatment on hippocampal oxidative stress in aged mice with postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) and explore the relevant mechanism of EA pretreatment on the improvement of learning and memory in POCD aged mice.@*METHODS@#A total of 72 healthy male aged mice were randomized into a blank group, a model group, a medication group and an EA group, 18 mice in each one. In each group, 1-day, 3-day and 7-day subgroups were divided separately, 6 mice in each subgroup. In the EA group, "Baihui" (GV 20) and "Dazhui" (GV 14) were selected and stimulated with EA, using continuous wave (15 Hz, 1 mA), continuously for 30 min, once a day, for 5 days consecutively. In the medication group, 10% minocycline was injected intraperitoneally, 40 mg/kg, once a day, consecutively for 5 days. In the blank and the control group, intraperitoneal injection of 0.9% sodium chloride solution was given with equal dosage. Except the blank group, at the end of intervention, partial hepatectomy was conducted to establish POCD model in the rest groups. Morris water maze test was adopted to evaluate the learning and memory ability of the aged mice. ELISA was used to determine the contents of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in the hippocampal tissue. Western blot method was applied to detect the protein expressions of superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD 1) and superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD 2) in the hippocampal tissue.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the blank group, the percentage of platform quadrant residence time was obviously reduced in the mice in the model group (@*CONCLUSION@#Electroacupuncture pretreatment at "Baihui" (GV 20) and "Dazhui" (GV 14) may increase the learning and memory ability of POCD aged mice, which is probably related to the decrease of oxidative stress and the strengthening of hippocampal antioxidant capacity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Electroacupuncture , Hippocampus , Male , Memory , Mice , Oxidative Stress , Postoperative Cognitive Complications
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1293-1300, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887066

ABSTRACT

As a novel transdermal drug delivery technology of minimally invasive, safe and efficient, microneedles have received increasing attention. The microchannels formation by microneedles onto the skin is a prerequisite and key for microneedles to deliver drugs. However, there is still a lack of systematic evaluation in skin microchannels. This review summarized influencing factors and evaluation methods in microchannels formation and healing by microneedles, including geometric parameters, materials for preparation, drugs, penetration parameters, differences among the skin of subjects, and presence or absence of occlusion. This review provides reference for other scholars to further study the effectiveness and security of microneedle applications.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2136-2145, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887033

ABSTRACT

Artificial intelligence technology is being widely applied in drug screening. This paper introduces the characteristics of artificial intelligence, and summarizes the application and progress of artificial intelligence technology especially deep learning in drug screening, from ligand-based and receptor structure-based aspects. This paper also introduces how to apply artificial intelligence to drug design from these two aspects. Finally, we discuss the main limitations, challenges, and prospects of artificial intelligence technology in the field of drug screening.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1999-2004, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887014

ABSTRACT

In this paper, the effects of the blend of nanoparticles and microneedle matrix materials on the mechanical properties of dissolving microneedles were studied mainly, so as to construct microneedles with excellent mechanical properties. Different kinds of nanoparticles (calcium carbonate, hydroxyapatite, silica), particle sizes (20, 60, 100 nm) and the proportion of prescription (2%, 6%, 10%) were blended with the matrix material [polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP), poly(1-vinylpyrrolidone-co-vinyl acetate)(PVP/VA)] to form dissolving microneedles. The effects of nanoparticles on the elastic modulus and hardness of the microneedles were investigated using a nanoindenter. The results showed that the elastic modulus and hardness of PVP microneedles were significantly improved by nano-calcium carbonate (P < 0.001), and the elastic modulus and hardness of PVP/VA microneedles were significantly improved by nano-hydroxyapatite (P < 0.001). When the particle size of hydroxyapatite was 20 nm, the elastic modulus of PVP/VA microneedles was (10.6 ± 1.0) GPa, and the hardness was (0.47 ± 0.06) GPa. As the size of the nanoparticles increases, the mechanical performance of the microneedles decreases. When the mass proportion of nano-hydroxyapatite increased from 2% to 6%, the elastic modulus and hardness of the microneedles were significantly improved (P < 0.001), but the effect of continue increasing the proportion of nanoparticles on the microneedles was not significant. The nano-enhanced PVP/VA dissolving microneedles has no irritant effect on intact skin and has a slight irritation to damaged skin, but they disappear completely after 72 h. Animal experiments have been approved by the Laboratory Animal Welfare and Ethics Committee of Zhejiang University of Technology. Therefore, the nano-enhanced dissolving microneedles has good biological safety. To sum up, it is necessary to select the appropriate kind of nanoparticle, particle size, and prescription ratio when microneedles constructing with a given matrix material, so as to effectively improve its mechanical performance.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1163-1169, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886985

ABSTRACT

To investigate the influence factors and effects of metal or dissolving microneedles on the formation and healing of skin microchannels, the pencil-shaped or conical stainless steel microneedles with different lengths, tip to tip space and base area, and the pencil-shaped dissolving microneedles with different tip to tip space were used. The microneedles were applied to the skin of epilatory mice and rats, and the effects of various microneedle parameters, application parameters, and animals on the microchannels were explored by the transepidermal water loss (TEWL) and methylene blue staining. Visually observe the skin local irritation caused by the microneedles. The animal experiments were approved by the Animal Experiments Welfare and Ethical Committee of Zhejiang University of Technology. The application time of the microneedle should be maintained at 30 s or more. When the insertion forces were 2, 4, 8 N, and the TEWL initial values of the formed microchannels were 12.9, 33.0, 40.4 g·m-2·h-1, respectively. When the length of metal microneedle were 400, 600, 800 μm, and the TEWL initial values of the formed microchannels were 37.1, 40.4, 49.5 g·m-2·h-1, respectively. When the tip to tip space of metal microneedle were 400, 600, 800 μm, and the TEWL initial values of the formed microchannels were 33.2, 40.4, 55.8 g·m-2·h-1, respectively. When the base area of metal microneedle were 0.16, 0.35, 0.62 cm2, and the TEWL initial values of the formed microchannels were 35.1, 40.4, 67.1 g·m-2·h-1, respectively. The effects of conical and pencil-shaped microneedles are similar. When the tip to tip space of pencil shaped dissolving microneedle were 400, 600, 800 μm, and the TEWL initial values of the formed microchannels were 49.8, 60.5, 70.5 g·m-2·h-1, respectively. The TEWL baseline values of animal skins of different genders and series are different, but the tendency of microchannels formation and closure is similar. Visual inspection revealed that the slight erythema caused by the microneedles subsided within 24 h. Microneedles of different parameters have different effects on microchannels. The microchannels closed within 24 or 48 h, and the skin local irritation caused by microneedle was mild.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882968

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop an total knee arthroplasty(TKA) enhanced recovery after surgery information management system based on "cloud + terminal" data-drivene technology, which can be used in the perioperative interaction between doctors and patients and rehabilitation management of TKA, and evaluate its implementation effect.Methods:The clinical data of 96 patients with unilateral TKA from Qilu Hospital Shandong University were analyzed retrospectively. Forty eight patients in the control group from February to August, 2018 were treated with traditional management. From February to August, 2019, 48 patients in the research group adopted the accelerated rehabilitation information management system based on data-driven technology, which can automatically match, interact and push the information between medical and patient.Results:The Self-rating Anxiety Scale(SAS) score of the intervention group on hospitalization day was 41.52±4.65, which was better than that of the control group (52.60±4.84). The difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( F value was 11.446, P<0.05). The scores of Hospital for Special Surgery(HSS), Visual Analogue Scale(VAS) and SAS in the intervention group 3 days after operation were 56.31±5.81, 2.79±0.68, 38.69±3.81, which were better than those of the control group (51.31±5.20, 4.31±0.78, 46.02±3.86). The difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( F value was 4.44, 10.19, 9.37, all P<0.05); the HSS, VAS, and SAS scores of the intervention group one week after operation were 71.35±3.59, 1.98± 0.67, 36.81±4.03, better than the control group (67.15±3.67, 2.60±0.87, 39.48±4.04), the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( F value was 5.683, 3.951, 3.237, all P<0.05); the postoperative hospital stay in the intervention group was (3.98±0.84) days, which was less than (6.00±0.80) days in the control group, the difference was statistically significant ( F value was 146.286, P<0.05); The patients′ satisfaction score in the intervention group during medical treatment was 97.46±1.73, which was higher than the control group (94.35±2.04), the difference was statistically significant ( F value was 64.911, P<0.05). Conclusions:TKA enhanced recovery management system based on "cloud + terminal" data-drivene can improve the management level of TKA patients, reduce the length of stay and improve satisfaction of patients.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880864

ABSTRACT

C18 ceramide plays an important role in the occurrence and development of oral squamous cell carcinoma. However, the function of ceramide synthase 1, a key enzyme in C18 ceramide synthesis, in oral squamous cell carcinoma is still unclear. The aim of our study was to investigate the relationship between ceramide synthase 1 and oral cancer. In this study, we found that the expression of ceramide synthase 1 was downregulated in oral cancer tissues and cell lines. In a mouse oral squamous cell carcinoma model induced by 4-nitroquinolin-1-oxide, ceramide synthase 1 knockout was associated with the severity of oral malignant transformation. Immunohistochemical studies showed significant upregulation of PCNA, MMP2, MMP9, and BCL2 expression and downregulation of BAX expression in the pathological hyperplastic area. In addition, ceramide synthase 1 knockdown promoted cell proliferation, migration, and invasion in vitro. Overexpression of CERS1 obtained the opposite effect. Ceramide synthase 1 knockdown caused endoplasmic reticulum stress and induced the VEGFA upregulation. Activating transcription factor 4 is responsible for ceramide synthase 1 knockdown caused VEGFA transcriptional upregulation. In addition, mild endoplasmic reticulum stress caused by ceramide synthase 1 knockdown could induce cisplatin resistance. Taken together, our study suggests that ceramide synthase 1 is downregulated in oral cancer and promotes the aggressiveness of oral squamous cell carcinoma and chemotherapeutic drug resistance.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cell Line, Tumor , Down-Regulation , Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Mice , Mouth Neoplasms , Oxidoreductases
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879410

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of anterior cervical Hybrid surgery in the treatment of cervical degenerative diseases (CDD) and observe the incidence of heterotopic ossification of disc replacement segment at 1 year after surgery.@*METHODS@#From January 2015 to April 2018, 35 patients who received anterior cervical hybrid surgery met the inclusion and exclusion criteria and the complete clinical follow up data were analyzed retrospectively. Complete imaging follow-up data were obtained from 24 patients. There were 15 males and 20 females, aged from 39 to 70(55.57±7.73) years old. The amount of bleeding was for 20 to 100 (40.29±18.39) ml, and the hospitalstay was for 4 to 28(11.03±4.63) days, and the follow-up time was(12.97±1.36) months. Clinical outcomes were assessed by the Tanaka Yasushi cervical spondylitis symptom scale 20 score (YT20), and Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score. The occurrence of heterotopic ossification after Hybrid surgery was evaluated by X-ray according to McAfee standard one year after operation. Patients with or without heterotopic ossificationwere divided into two groups and their clinical effects were compared.@*RESULTS@#At the final follow up, the mean YT20 score and JOA score were significantly higher than those before operation (P <0.05), and the average improvement rate of JOA was (70.66 ±0.44)%. One year after operation, the heterotopic ossification occurred in 10 of 24 segments, with incidence of 41.70%(10/24), including 29.20% in gradeⅠand 12.50% in gradeⅡ. The results of clinical efficacy comparison between patients with and without heterotopic ossification were as follows:there was no significant difference in JOA score before and after operation (@*CONCLUSION@#The short-term clinical effect of Hybrid surgery is satisfactory for cervical degenerative diseases, and the cause of heterotopic ossification still needs tobe further explored.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Range of Motion, Articular , Retrospective Studies , Total Disc Replacement , Treatment Outcome
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888343

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the change of cervical curvature and range of motion (ROM) on imaging at 6 months after Hybrid surgery.@*METHODS@#A total of 29 patients with cervical degenerative disease who underwent Hybrid surgery from January 2017 to July 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Also, they all met the inclusion criteria and had complete preoperative and 6 months postoperative imaging data. There were 11 males and 18 females, aged from 34 to 76 (55.86±10.69) years, and the operation time was from 2 to 4(3.03±0.51) hours. The Cobb angle method was used to measure the changes of cervical curvature and ROM of C@*RESULTS@#There was no statistically significant difference in C@*CONCLUSION@#Hybrid surgery reconstructs the lordotic curvature of the entire cervical spine and the responsible segment, retains the ROM of the cervical replacement segment, and restores the biomechanical function of cervical spine.


Subject(s)
Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Diskectomy , Female , Humans , Male , Range of Motion, Articular , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion
10.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 279-282, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912245

ABSTRACT

Objective:To design a new V-shaped forearm flap and to investigate the possibility of direct donor site closure and its value in the reconstruction of soft tissue defect after resection of buccal carcinoma.Methods:The new V-shaped forearm flap technique was applied in 10 patients with buccal carcinoma from October, 2018 to September, 2019. There were 6 males and 4 females aged from 35 to 63 years (48.3 years in average). Flap size ranged from 3.0 cm×5.0 cm to 4.0 cm×6.0 cm. Wound healing and the appearance forearm were recorded and evaluated three months after the surgery. Radial deviation angle, wrist flexion, ulnar deviation and dorsal extension were measured and calculated 3 months after the surgery. The wrist function was evaluated according to the Gartland-Werley scale. The recovery of wrist function was evaluated by comparing with the preoperative data.Results:Forearm donor sites were successfully closed without skin grafting in all 10 patients. Skin ischemia caused by excessive tension was observed at the incision edge in 3 patients, therefore leading to skin exfoliation and pigment loss without affecting wound healing. All patients were presented a cosmetic outcome during the follow-up period. No scar hyperplasia was observed. No significant difference was observed in perioperative wrist flexion angle, dorsal extension angle, radial deviation angle, ulnar deviation angle ( P>0.05)[data before surgery were (57.8±1.3) °, (58.4±0.7) °, (18.2±0.5) °, (28.5±1.1) ° respectively, and data 3 months after surgery were (53.2±2.1) °, (55.3±1.8) °, (16.4±0.4) °, (25.4±1.4) ° respectively]; Excellent and good rate of Gartland-Werley wrist score before and after surgery were both 100%. Conclusion:The new V-shaped free forearm flap can directly close small to medium forearm flap donor site. This method could avoid the trauma and complications of traditional free skin graft. The postoperative appearance on donor site is satisfactory and will not have adverse effects on wrist function. The new V-shaped free forearm flap is a novel method for repair of the defect of soft tissue defect after buccal cancer and it is worth to be applied in clinical practice.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908493

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of different preoperative biliary drainage methods on bile bacterial culture and drug resistence of malignant obstructive jaundice.Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinical data of 317 patients with malignant obstructive jaundice who were admitted to the First Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital from January 2015 to December 2018 were collected. There were 216 males and 101 females, aged (62±10)years. Of 317 patients, 158 cases had no preoperative biliary drainage, 115 received preoperative biliary drainage by percutaneous transhepatic choledochal drainage (PTCD), 44 received preoperative biliary drainage by endoscopic retrograde biliary drainage (ERBD). Observation indicators: (1) bile bacteria in different preoperative biliary drainage methods; (2) clinicopathological characteristics of patients with positive bile bacteria; (3) drug resistance of bile bacteria in different methods of preoperative biliary drainage. Measurement data with normal distribution were expressed as Mean± SD. Count data were expressed as absolute numbers or percen-tages, and comparison between groups was analyzed by the chi-square test. Bonferroni correction was used for pairwise comparison. The inspection level was 0.016 7 in the multiple comparison. Results:(1) Bile bacteria in different preoperative biliary drainage methods: of 317 patients, 116 cases were positive for bacterial culture, including 168 strains of 43 bacterial types. There were 46 strains from 36 patients without preoperative biliary drainage, 49 strains from 39 patients with preoperative PTCD and 73 strains from 41 patients with preoperative ERBD. ① The positive rate of bacteria for 317 patients was 36.59%(116/317). The positive rates of bacteria for patients without preoperative biliary drainage, patients with preoperative PTCD and patients with preoperative ERBD were 22.78%(36/158), 33.91%(39/115) and 93.18%(41/44). There was a significant difference in the positive rate of bacteria among the three groups ( χ2=74.066, P<0.05). There was no significant difference between patients with preoperative PTCD and patients without preoperative biliary drainage ( χ2=4.137, P>0.016 7), but there were significant differences between patients with pre-operative ERBD and patients without preoperative biliary drainage or patients with preoperative PTCD ( χ2=72.305, 44.718, P<0.016 7). ② The overall multiple bacterial rate was 36.21%(42/116). The multiple bacterial rates for patients without preoperative biliary drainage, patients with preoperative PTCD and patients with preoperative ERBD were 19.44%(7/36), 23.08%(9/39) and 63.41%(26/41). There was a significant difference in multiple bacterial rate among the three groups ( χ2=20.431, P<0.05). There was no significant difference between patients with PTCD and patients without preoperative biliary drainage ( χ2=0.147, P>0.016 7), but there were significant differences between patients with preoperative ERBD and patients without preoperative biliary drainage or patients with preoperative PTCD ( χ2=15.133, 13.215, P<0.016 7). ③ The overall prevalence rate of multi-drug resistant organism was 30.95%(52/168). The prevalence rates of multi-drug resistant organism for patients without preoperative biliary drainage, patients with preoperative PTCD and patients with preoperative ERBD group were 15.22%(7/46), 26.53%(13/49) and 43.84%(32/73). There was a significant difference in the prevalence rate of multi-drug resistant organism among the three groups ( χ2=11.447, P<0.05). There was no significant difference between patients with PTCD and patients without preoperative biliary drainage ( χ2=1.827, P>0.016 7). There was a significant difference between patients with preoperative ERBD and patients without preoperative biliary drainage ( χ2=10.497, P<0.016 7), but there was no significant difference between patients with preoperative ERBD and patients with preoperative PTCD ( χ2=3.772, P>0.016 7). (2) Clinicopatho-logical characteristics of patients with positive bile bacteria: age, the history of abdominal surgery, degree of jaundice and location of biliary obstruction of patients were not related to the positive rate of bacterial culture ( χ2=4.865, 1.423, 4.922, 0.030, P>0.05). (3) Drug resistance of bile bacteria in different methods of preoperative biliary drainage: for patients without preoperative biliary drainage, the drug resistance rate of Gram-positive bacteria to nitrofurantoin, linezolid and tigecycline was 0, and the drug resistance rate of Gram-negative bacteria to piperacillin/tazobactam, gentamicin, tobramycin, amikacin and imipenem was 0. For patients with PTCD, the drug resistance rate of Gram-positive bacteria to linezolid and tigecycline was 0. For patients with ERBD, the drug resistance rate of Gram-positive bacteria to linezolid and tigecycline was 0. In terms of Gram-positive bacteria, linezolid, tigecycline, vancomycin and nitrofurantoin were the top four antibiotics with the lowest resistance rate. In terms of Gram-negative bacteria, imipenem, piperacillin/tazobactam, amikacin and tobramycinn were the top four antibiotics with the lowest resistance rate. Seven strains of fungi showed no resistance to antifungal drugs. Conclusions:Patients with preoperative ERBD are more vulnerable to infectious complications, and more likely to form drug resistant organism and multi-drug resistant organism. For Gram-positive bacteria infection, linezolid, tigecycline and vancomycin can be used for treatment. For Gram-negative bacteria infection, imipenem, piperacillin/trzobactam, amikacin and tobramycin can be used for treatment.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906447

ABSTRACT

Cystitis, one of the most common diseases in the urinary system, is manifested by urinary frequency, urinary urgency, and bladder pain, which are known as the classic symptom triad of bladder irritation, especially in women. In recent years, with the change of the lifestyle, the prevalence of bladder diseases in China is increasing year by year. According to the characteristics of etiology, pathogenesis, and clinical symptoms of cystitis, this paper listed the clinical diagnostic criteria in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and western medicine after consulting the relevant literature. Through the analysis of the existing animal model of cystitis, the fit between the model and clinical manifestations was evaluated, and the advantages and disadvantages were summarized. The models induced by "intraperitoneal injection of cyclophosphamide" and "Freund's complete adjuvant combined with bladder catheterization" were proved highly matched with manifestations despite some shortcomings such as long time and high cost. At present, the diagnostic criteria of cystitis are mainly based on western medicine, and the definitive diagnosis of the relevant types still depends on cystoscopy and tissue biopsy. The lack of TCM syndrome model limits the TCM research. Additionally, four diagnostic methods in TCM cannot be well applied to animal models because of the susceptibility to subjective factors. Behavioral tests can be used to determine the model index and develop the relevant behavior rating scale. Therefore, it is necessary to establish an animal model of cystitis in line with the clinical characteristics of western medicine and TCM syndrome differentiation, so as to better promote the study of cystitis.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868867

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study serum procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP) and platelet count (PLT) in evaluation of severity of acute cholangitis (AC).Methods:Ninety patients with AC who were treated at the General Surgery Department, Guangming Hospital, Liaocheng, Shandong Province from January 2016 to December 2018 entered into the observation group, while 60 patients with bile duct stones but without infection treated at the hospital during the study period entered into the control group. Using the " Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute Biliary Tract Infections" , the study group of patient was further divided into the mild infection, moderate infection, and severe infection groups. The PCT, CRP and PLT levels of all the subjects were checked. Spearman correlation was used to analyze the relationship between PCT, CRP, PLT indexes with severity of infection. The receiver operating characteristic curve was used to analyze the sensitivity and specificity of PCT, CRP and PLT in the diagnosis of patients with different degrees of infection.Results:In the observation group, there were 46 males and 44 females with a Mean±SD age of (45.6±21.1) years. In the control group, there were 30 males and 30 females, with a Mean±SD age of (45.0±19.3) years. The levels of PLT in the observation group and the control group were (8.2±1.1) ng/ml and (0.4±0.1) ng/ml, respectively. The corresponding CRP were (92.7±21.1) mg/L and (6.1±1.0) mg/L, respectively. The observation group had higher levels than the control group. The PLT counts were (62.6±17.6)×10 9/L and (156.3±35.3)×10 9/L for the two groups, with the observation group having lower platelet count than the control group (both P<0.05). The severity of infection was positively correlated with blood PCT levels and CRP indicators ( r=0.427, r=0.584, all P<0.05), and negatively correlated with the PLT ( r=-0.429, P<0.05). The sensitivity and specificity of PCT using a cut-off value of 9.4 μg/L were 84.0% and 65.0%, respectively, which were higher than the CRP using a cut-off value of 145.7 mg/L. The sensitivity and specificity were 67.0% and 48.0%, respectively. When PLT using a cut-off value of 52.8×10 9/L, the sensitivity and specificity were 71.0% and 52.0%, respectively. Conclusions:Changes in serum PCT, CRP and PLT reflected the severity of infection in patients with AC; PCT had a higher sensitivity and specificity, and it can be used to guide treatment.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868815

ABSTRACT

Objective:In order to optimize the mode of biliary drainage, we compared the different drainage methods of preoperative biliary drainage in the treatment of malignant obstructive jaundice of distal bile duct.Methods:From January 2015 to December 2018, 166 cases of distal biliary malignant obstructive jaundice treated by operation in the First Medical Center of PLA General Hospital were collected. According to the preoperative biliary drainage mode, 85 cases were divided into non drainage group, 56 cases in PTBD group and 25 cases in ERBD group; according to the operation mode, 116 cases were divided into radical pancreatoduodenectomy group and 50 cases were divided into palliative cholangiojejunostomy group, each group was divided into three groups according to the drainage mode. Chi square test and ANOVA were used to compare the results of bile bacterial culture and perioperative conditions of each group.Results:The positive rate of bile bacteria culture in non drainage group, PTBD group and ERBD group is 22.4% (19/85), 28.6% (16/56) and 100% (25/25). The positive rate in ERBD group is higher than that in PTBD group and non drainage group, the difference is statistically significant ( P<0.05). The proportion of multiple bacteria in ERBD group is higher than that in PTBD group and non drainage Group [64.0% (16/25) vs. 12.5% (2/16) vs. 5.3% (1/19)], the difference is statistically significant ( P<0.05). The proportion of common pathogens in ERBD group is higher than that in PTBD group and non drainage Group [97.8% (45/46) vs. 89.5% (17/19) vs. 66.7% (14/21)], the difference is statistically significant ( P<0.05). In pancreatoduodenectomy group, the operation time of ERBD group is significantly longer than that of PTBD group and non drainage group [(334.5±48.3) min vs. (289.4±39.5) min vs. (303.9±57.1) min], the difference is statistically significant ( P<0.05). The amount of bleeding in PTBD group is less than that in ERBD group and non drainage group [(268.8±128.4) ml vs. (388.2±181.6) ml vs. (366.1±220.4) ml], the difference is statistically significant ( P<0.05). There is no significant difference in the incidence of complications after pancreatoduodenectomy among three ways of drainage ( P>0.05). The incidence of clinically relevant postoperative pancreatic fistula is 6.8% (4/59), 10.0%(4/40) and 29.4%(5/17) in non drainage group, PTBD group and ERBD group. ERBD group is higher than non drainage group, the difference is statistically significant ( P<0.05). In palliative cholangiojejunostomy, there is no significant difference in operation time, amount of bleeding, postoperative hospital stay and complications among all groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Compared with ERBD, PTBD is a more suitable choice for patients who need preoperative biliary drainage before pancreatoduodenectomy.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868162

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate and analyze disease status and risk factors of venous thromboembolism (VTE) during pregnancy and puerperium in our country.Methods:Clinical datas were collected from 575 patients diagnosed with VTE during pregnancy and puerperium and hospitalized in nine medical institutions in our country from January 1, 2015 to November 30, 2019, and retrospectively analyzed it′s disease status and risk factors.Results:(1) The proportion of VTE in pregnancy and puerperium was 50.6% (291/575) and 49.4% (284/575), respectively. Four patients died, the mortality rate was 0.7% (4/575). The cause of death was pulmonary embolism. (2) The location of VTE during pregnancy and puerperium was mainly in the lower limb vascular (76.2%, 438/575), followed by pulmonary vessels (7.1%, 41/575). (3) In the risk factors of VTE, cesarean section accounted for 32.3% (186/575), maternal advance age accounted for 27.7% (159/575), braking or hospitalization during pregnancy accounted for 13.6% (78/575), other risk factors accounted for more than 5% were previous VTE, obesity, preterm birth, assistant reproductive technology conception and so on, pre-eclampsia and multiple pregnancy accounted for 4.9% (28/575) respectively. In addition, some patients with VTE did not have any of the above risk factors, and the incidence rate was as high as 23.1% (133/575).Conclusions:The occurrence of VTE during pregnancy and puerperium is related to multiple risk factors, and could lead to matemal death, It is very necessary to screen VTE risk factors for all pregnant women, to make corresponding prevention and control measures.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868065

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy and safety of ultrasound-guided percutaneous translumial septal myocardial ablation in dogs using laser and radiofrequency.Methods:Twelve healthy adult Beagle dogs (males or females) were randomly divided into two groups, namely, group laser and group radiofrequency (6 dogs each group). Under ultrasound guidance, laser fiber or radiofrequency ablation needle was respectively inserted into the basal and middle segments of the interventricular septa via the percutaneous transapical approach to perform ablation. The Beagle dogs received radiologic examination, laboratory tests and pathological detection before ablation, immediately after ablation, at 1 week after ablation, and at 1 month after ablation, respectively. The efficacy and safety of the two ablation procedures were compared.Results:All dogs survived after ablation. The peak gradient of LVOT decreased immediately after ablation using either laser or radiofrequency ( P<0.05), but it increased at 1 week after ablation than before ( P<0.05). At 1 month after ablation, no significant differences were found in the peak gradient of LVOT compared with that before surgery ( P<0.05). The interventricular septum thickness was increased immediately after ablation using either laser or radiofrequency than before ( P<0.05), but it decreased at 1 week and at 1 month after surgery than before ( P<0.05). The ablation zone using radiofrequency was slightly larger than that of using laser[(372.50±69.06)mm 3 vs (116.65±20.15)mm 3, P<0.001], and the surgical time of the former was significantly shorter than that of using laser [(56.00±3.22)s vs (260.00±65.39)s, P<0.05)]. Conclusions:Ultrasound-guided percutaneous translumial septal myocardial ablation is feasible, safe and effective using either laser or radiofrequency. Comparatively speaking, radiofrequency ablation is more simple and convenient.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871264

ABSTRACT

Objective:To obtain the genome sequences of SARS-CoV-2 in respiratory specimens in Guangdong Province with next-generation sequencing (NGS) and analyze the factors influencing sequencing.Methods:Eight upper and lower respiratory tract specimens were collected from patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection in Guangdong Province in January 2020. RNA library construction was used to obtain the genome sequences of SARS-CoV-2. A bio-informatics software package (CLC Genomics Workbench 12.0) was used to analyze and compare the genomic sequences.Results:Five SARS-CoV-2 genome sequences were obtained from the eight specimens and two were obtained from lower respiratory tract specimens. The nucleotide homology to SARS-CoV-2 was 97.74%-99.90%. The Ct values were lower, while the sequencing depth, coverage, relative abundance and genome integrity were higher in sequencing the SARS-CoV-2 in lower respiratory tract specimens.Conclusions:The low Ct value of SARS-CoV-2 in the samples was good for sequencing.

18.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833554

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Objective@#To identify the initial chest computed tomography (CT) findings and clinical characteristics associated with the course of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia. @*Materials and Methods@#Baseline CT scans and clinical and laboratory data of 72 patients admitted with COVID-19 pneumonia (39 men, 46.2 ± 15.9 years) were retrospectively analyzed. Baseline CT findings including lobar distribution, presence of ground glass opacities, consolidation, linear opacities, and lung severity score were evaluated. The outcome event was recovery with hospital discharge. The time from symptom onset to discharge or the end of follow-up (for those remained hospitalized) was recorded. Data were censored in events such as death or discharge without recovery. Multivariable Cox proportional hazard regression was used to explore the association between initial CT, clinical or laboratory findings, and discharge with recovery, whereby hazard ratio (HR) values 4 vs. ≤ 4 [reference]: adjusted HR = 0.41 [95% confidence interval, CI = 0.18–0.92], p = 0.031) and initial lymphocyte count (reduced vs. normal or elevated [reference]: adjusted HR = 0.14 [95% CI = 0.03–0.60], p = 0.008) were two significant independent factors that influenced recovery and discharge. @*Conclusion@#Lung severity score > 4 and reduced lymphocyte count at initial evaluation were independently associated with a significantly lower rate of recovery and discharge and extended hospitalization in patients admitted for COVID-19 pneumonia.

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Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1815-1823, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827919

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Vascular endothelial dysfunction is considered a key pathophysiologic process for the development of acute lung injury. In this study, we aimed at investigating the effects of unfractionated heparin (UFH) on the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced changes of vascular endothelial-cadherin (VE-cadherin) and the potential underlying mechanisms.@*METHODS@#Male C57BL/6 J mice were randomized into three groups: vehicle, LPS, and LPS + UFH groups. Intraperitoneal injection of 30 mg/kg LPS was used to induce sepsis. Mice in the LPS + UFH group received subcutaneous injection of 8 U UFH 0.5 h before LPS injection. The lung tissue of the mice was collected for assessing lung injury by measuring the lung wet/dry (W/D) weight ratio and observing histological changes. Human pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (HPMECs) were cultured and used to analyze the effects of UFH on LPS- or tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α)-induced vascular hyperpermeability, membrane expression of VE-cadherin, p120-catenin, and phosphorylated myosin light chain (p-MLC), and F-actin remodeling, and on the LPS-induced activation of the phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K)/serine/threonine kinase (Akt)/nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) signaling pathway.@*RESULTS@#In vivo, UFH pretreatment significantly attenuated LPS-induced pulmonary histopathological changes (neutrophil infiltration and erythrocyte effusion, alveolus pulmonis collapse, and thicker septum), decreased the lung W/D, and increased protein concentration (LPS vs. LPS + UFH: 0.57 ± 0.04 vs. 0.32 ± 0.04 mg/mL, P = 0.0092), total cell count (LPS vs. LPS + UFH: 9.57 ± 1.23 vs. 3.65 ± 0.78 × 10/mL, P = 0.0155), polymorphonuclear neutrophil percentage (LPS vs. LPS + UFH: 88.05% ± 2.88% vs. 22.20% ± 3.92%, P = 0.0002), and TNF-α (460.33 ± 23.48 vs. 189.33 ± 14.19 pg/mL, P = 0.0006) in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. In vitro, UFH pre-treatment prevented the LPS-induced decrease in the membrane expression of VE-cadherin (LPS vs. LPS + UFH: 0.368 ± 0.044 vs. 0.716 ± 0.064, P = 0.0114) and p120-catenin (LPS vs. LPS + UFH: 0.208 ± 0.018 vs. 0.924 ± 0.092, P = 0.0016), and the LPS-induced increase in the expression of p-MLC (LPS vs. LPS + UFH: 0.972 ± 0.092 vs. 0.293 ± 0.025, P = 0.0021). Furthermore, UFH attenuated LPS- and TNF-α-induced hyperpermeability of HPMECs (LPS vs. LPS + UFH: 8.90 ± 0.66 vs. 15.84 ± 1.09 Ω·cm, P = 0.0056; TNF-α vs. TNF-α + UFH: 11.28 ± 0.64 vs. 18.15 ± 0.98 Ω·cm, P = 0.0042) and F-actin remodeling (LPS vs. LPS + UFH: 56.25 ± 1.51 vs. 39.70 ± 1.98, P = 0.0027; TNF-α vs. TNF-α + UFH: 55.42 ± 1.42 vs. 36.51 ± 1.20, P = 0.0005) in vitro. Additionally, UFH decreased the phosphorylation of Akt (LPS vs. LPS + UFH: 0.977 ± 0.081 vs. 0.466 ± 0.035, P = 0.0045) and I kappa B Kinase (IKK) (LPS vs. LPS + UFH: 1.023 ± 0.070 vs. 0.578 ± 0.044, P = 0.0060), and the nuclear translocation of NF-κB (LPS vs. LPS + UFH: 1.003 ± 0.077 vs. 0.503 ± 0.065, P = 0.0078) in HPMECs, which was similar to the effect of the PI3K inhibitor, wortmannin.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The protective effect of UFH against LPS-induced pulmonary endothelial barrier dysfunction involves VE-cadherin stabilization and PI3K/Akt/NF-κB signaling.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827508

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of LINC01106 in colorectal cancer and its role in regulating the proliferation and apoptosis of colorectal cancer cells.@*METHODS@#We analyzed the data of LINC01106 expression levels in tumor tissues and normal tissues of patients with colorectal cancer in TCGA database and explored the association of LINC01106 expression level with the prognosis of the patients. Colorectal cancer SW480 cell lines with LINC01106 knockdown or overexpression were established, and their proliferation and apoptosis relative to the parental cells were evaluated using CCK-8 assay and flow cytometry, respectively. The expressions of p-STAT3, STAT3, and Bcl-2 in the cells were detected by immunoblotting. Nude mouse models bearing xenografts of SW480 cells with LINC01106 knockdown or na?ve SW480 cells were established to observe the effect of LINC01106 knockdown on the growth of SW480 cells .@*RESULTS@#Analysis of the data from TCGA database showed that the expression level of LINC01106 was significantly higher in colorectal cancer tissues than in normal tissues, and LINC01106 expression level was significantly related to the prognosis of the patients ( < 0.05). Knockdown of LINC01106 significantly inhibited the proliferation and promoted apoptosis of SW480 cells ( < 0.05), while LINC01106 overexpression significantly promoted proliferation of the cells. LINC01106 knockdown in SW-480 cells obviously lowered the expressions of p- STAT3 and Bcl-2 and suppressed the growth of the xenograft in nude mice.@*CONCLUSIONS@#LINC01106 is significantly up-regulated in colorectal cancer tissue and is related to the prognosis of the patients. LINC01106 can regulate the proliferation and apoptosis of SW480 cells through STAT3/Bcl-2 signaling and may serve as a potential marker for the diagnosis and prognostic evaluation of colorectal cancer.

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