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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2091-2098, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942665

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of micro-ribonucleic acid-21(miR-21) on the malignant biological behavior of human cholangiocarcinoma cell line QBC939 by targeting the protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTEN)/inositol phosphate 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) pathway. Methods The cholangiocarcinoma cell line QBC939 in the logarithmic growth phase was divided into empty vector group, blank control group, overexpression group, and silencing group.An inverted fluorescence microscope was used to observe transfection efficiency; MTT assay, flow cytometry, Transwell assay, and wound healing assay were used to measure cell proliferative activity, apoptosis rate, invasion activity, and migration activity.Quantitative reverse transcription PCR was used to measure the mRNA expression levels of miR-21, PTEN, PI3K, Akt, and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR); Western blotting was used to measure the protein expression levels of PTEN, PI3K, Akt, phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt), and mTOR; dual-luciferase reporter assay was used to verify the effect of miR-21 on PTEN.A one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison of continuous data between multiple groups, and the SNK- q test was used for further comparison between two groups. Results Transfection efficiency was 90.27%±18.03% in the overexpression group, 91.43%±18.26% in the silencing group, and 92.16%±18.41% in the empty vector group.Compared with the blank control group and the empty vector group, the overexpression group had a significant increase in the proliferative activity of QBC939 cells (both P < 0.05) and a significant reduction in apoptosis rate (both P < 0.01);compared with the blank control group, the empty vector group, and the overexpression group, the silencing group had a significant reduction in proliferative activity ( P < 0.01) and a significant increase in apoptosis rate ( P < 0.01).Compared with the blank control group and the empty vector group, the overexpression group had significant increases in the migration rate of QBC939 cells and number of cells penetrating the membrane (all P < 0.01);compared with the blank control group, the empty vector group, and the overexpression group, the silencing group had significant reductions in migration rate and number of cells penetrating the membrane (all P < 0.01).Compared with the blank control group and the empty vector group, the overexpression group had significant increases in the mRNA expression levels of miR-21, PI3K, Akt, and mTOR and a significant reduction in the mRNA expression level of PTEN (all P < 0.05);compared with the blank control group, the empty vector group, and the overexpression group, the silencing group had significant reductions in the mRNA expression levels of miR-21, PI3K, Akt, and mTOR and a significant increase in the mRNA expression level of PTEN (all P < 0.05).Compared with the blank control group and the empty vector group, the overexpression group had significant increases in the protein expression levels of PI3K, Akt, p-Akt, and mTOR and a significant reduction in the protein expression level of PTEN (all P < 0.01);compared with the blank control group, the empty vector group, and the overexpression group, the silencing group had significant reductions in the protein expression levels of PI3K, Akt, p-Akt, and mTOR and a significant increase in the protein expression level of PTEN (all P < 0.01).Furthermore, miR-21 showed targeted regulation of PTEN expression. Conclusion MiR-21 silencing may inhibit the malignant biological behavior of human cholangiocarcinoma cell line QBC939 by targeting the PTEN/PI3K/Akt signaling pathway to upregulate the expression of PTEN and downregulate the expression of PI3K, Akt, mTOR, and p-Akt.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912342

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the advantages and safety of subxiphoid uniportal thoracoscopic thymectomy.Methods:From October 2014 to December 2019, a total of 308 patients diagnosed with early stage thymic epithelial tumor underwent uniportal thoracoscopic thymectomy were included. Subxiphoid group including 40 males and 37 females, aged 32-80 years old, mean age(58.0±11.8)years old. Intercostal group including 114 males and 117 females, aged 25-78 years old, mean age(54.8±11.4)years old. Short-term and long-term postoperative pain scores was compared in a propensity score matching analysis.Results:Propensity score analysis revealed that 62 patients treated with the subxiphoid approach and 62 patients treated with the lateral intercostal approach had the same baseline characteristics. There were no significant differences in lesion size, stage, pathological type, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative drainage volume and postoperative hospital stay between the two groups( P>0.05). Compared with those in the intercostal group, patients in the subxiphoid group yielded lower pain scores on the first day after operation and less patients with postoperative pain lasting more than 3 months. Patients required for additional analgesic therapy in subxiphoid group was less than intercostal group. One patient in subxiphoid group developed myasthenia after operation, which prolonged the duration of mechanical ventilation. No serious perioperative complications and death occurred in other patients. Conclusion:Subxiphoid uniportal thoracoscopic thymectomy is safe and feasible, it has the advantages of no injury to intercostal nerve and less short-term and long-term postoperative pain compared with intercostal approach.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906362

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the curative efficacy of modified Qilang prescription on drug-dependent constipation with Qi and Yin deficiency and the effects on serum vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), motilin (MTL), 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), and 5-hydroxytryptamine 4 receptor (5-HT4R). Method:A total of 160 patients diagnosed with drug-dependent constipation were randomly divided into a treatment group (<italic>n</italic>=80, Qilang prescription) and a control group (<italic>n</italic>=80, lactulose oral solution). The treatment lasted for eight weeks. Changes in clinical symptoms, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome, and serum VIP, MTL, 5-HT, and 5-HT4R before and after treatment were observed. The clinical efficacies of the two groups were compared. An eight-week follow-up was carried out for the observation of recurrent rate and TCM syndrome. Result:The overall response rate of the treatment group (90.91%) was higher than that (75.00%) of the control group<italic> </italic>(<italic>Z</italic>=-6.514,<italic>P</italic><0.05). There was no significant difference in serum VIP, MTL, 5-HT, and 5-HT4R between the two groups before treatment. After treatment for eight weeks, both groups showed reduced serum VIP level as compared with those before treatment, and the treatment group was inferior to the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The serum MTL levels of the two groups were both higher than those before treatment (<italic>P</italic><0.05), and the treatment group was superior to the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). After treatment, the level of 5-HT in the treatment group was higher than that in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The post-treatment 5-HT4R level in the treatment group slightly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.05), but no significant difference in 5-HT4R levels between the two groups after treatment was observed. During the eight-week follow-up, the recurrence rate in the treatment group was significantly lower than that in the control group at the 2nd and 4th weeks (<italic>P</italic><0.05). There was no significant difference in the recurrence rate between the treatment group [57.14% (40/70)] and the control group [64.81% (35/54)] after eight weeks. Conclusion:Modified Qilang prescription was superior to lactulose in the short- and mid-term efficacy on drug-dependent constipation with Qi and Yin deficiency. No significant difference in the long-term efficacy was observed. The underlying therapeutic mechanism might be related to the regulation of serum VIP, MTL, 5-HT, and 5-HT4R levels.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906111

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of total ginsenoside ginseng root on the learning and memory impairment and anxiety of hindlimb suspension rats by detecting the performance of rats in the water maze, elevated plus maze, and the expression of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, inflammatory factors and tryptophan pathway related factors through the intervention of ginsenosides in hindlimb suspension rats. Method:The Wistar male rats were divided into normal group, hindlimb suspension model group, Huperzine A group (0.1 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), and total ginsenoside ginseng root low and high dose groups (100, 200 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), with 8 rats in each group. Except for the normal group, the rats in the other groups maintained a -30° hindlimb suspension state for 24 h. The normal group and the model group received intragastric administration of 10 mL·kg<sup>-1</sup> pure water . After 28 days of continuous administration, the water maze and elevated plus maze behavioral tests were performed. After the tests, blood was taken from the abdominal aorta, and the rat brain cortex was peeled off on ice, quenched with liquid nitrogen, and stored at -80 ℃ for later use. LC-MS/MS was used to detect neurotransmitter levels of dopamine, acetylcholine, glutamate, <italic>γ</italic>-aminobutyric acid and tryptophan pathway metabolites (tryptophan, 5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid, kynurenine, 3-hydroxykynurenine, and kynurenine) in rat brain cortex. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit was used to detect the levels of inflammatory factors interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-10 (IL-10, the HPA axis-related hormone corticotropin (ACTH), and the level of corticosterone (CORT). Result:Compared with the normal group, the escape latency in the water maze significantly increased, the number of crossings was significantly reduced, and the number of open-arm entry and the percentage of open-arm entry were significantly reduced in the elevated plus maze in model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic> P</italic><0.01), the content of dopamine, acetylcholine, glutamic acid, and <italic>γ</italic>-aminobutyric acid in the cortex decreased, kynurenine and kynurenic acid showed an upward trend, 3-hydroxykynurenine, 5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-hydroxyindole acetic acid showed a downward trend, and the levels of IL-6, IL-10, ACTH, and CORT in the serum significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group of rats, total ginsenoside ginseng root low and high dose groups group reduced the avoidance latency in the water maze, and increased the number of crossings and the number of open arms of the elevated plus maze, dopamine, acetylcholine, glutamate, and <italic>γ</italic>-aminobutyl content increased, while kynurenine and kynurenic acid showed a downward trend, 3-hydroxykynurenine, serotonin, and 5-hydroxyindole acetic acid showed an upward trend, and IL-6, IL-10, ACTH, and CORT factor levels were down-regulated(<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Hindlimb suspension for 28 days in simulated microgravity can impair the learning and memory ability of rats and cause anxiety-like behaviors. Total ginsenoside ginseng root can improve their learning and memory impairment and anxiety-like behaviors. The mechanism may be mainly related to inhibiting body inflammation and regulating HPA axis imbalance.

5.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 602-607, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689713

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Objective</b>To identify genetic susceptibility genes and the loci of their single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in patients with testicular germ cell tumor (TGCT) and provide some new ideas for the prediction, diagnosis and treatment of TGCT.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We identified 41 SNP loci of TGCT-related genetic susceptibility genes from the literature published abroad. Using the iMLDRTM genotyping technique, we examined the SNP loci of the genetic susceptibility genes in the blood samples from 76 TGCT patients (aged 16-68 years) and 148 healthy men (aged 22-61 years) in China and analyzed their correlation with TGCT.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In China, TGCT was found to be correlated with the SNP loci rs2978381, rs10146204, rs12435857 and rs1256063 of the ESR2 gene, rs9397080 of the ESR1 gene, rs11202586 of the PTEN gene, rs2606345 and rs4646903 of the CYP1A1 gene, and rs1456432 of the CYP19A1 gene.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The results of our study indicated some difference in the positive SNP loci of the TGCT patients between Chinese and foreign cohorts as well as in different groups in China.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Case-Control Studies , China , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal , Diagnosis , Genetics , Therapeutics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Genetics , Testicular Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Genetics , Therapeutics , Young Adult
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703287

ABSTRACT

This is a systematic review of the history and progress of animal behavior experiment methods at home and abroad, and the conception associated with animal behavior experiments. In addition, the application of animal behavior experiment methods in the field of neuropsychology and military medicine is also reviewed, providing a reference for the scientific research based on animal behavior experiments.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710168

ABSTRACT

AIM To study the chemical constituents from Inonotus sanghuang.METHODS The ethyl acetate extract from Inonotus sanghuang fermentation broth was isolated and purified by silica,Sephadex LH-20 column and HPLC,then the structures of obtained compands were identified by spectral data.RESULTS Twelve compounds were isolated and identified as (2Z,4E)-γ-ionylideneacetic acid (1),p-hydroxyphenethyl (2),5-hydroxymethyl-2-furancarboxaldehyde (3),2-hydroxy-5-hydroxymethyl furan (4),cyclo (D)-proline-(D)-leucine (5),cyclo (D)-proline-(D)-isoleucine (6),cyclo (D)-proline-(D)-valinel (7),cyclo (D)-proline-(D)-phenylalanine (8),cyclo-glycine-(D)-proline (9),cyclo-(D)-serine-(D)-proline (10),cyclo-(L)-alanine-(D)-proline (11),cyclo-(D)-alanine-(D)-proline (12).CONCLUSION All the compounds are isolated from Inonotus sanghuang for the first time.

8.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1215-1217, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-238224

ABSTRACT

The importance of pressing hand in clinical practice of acupuncture was explored in this paper. Through literature review and clinical experience, the role of pressing hand before, during and after acupuncture was summarized and analyzed. Before acupuncture, the pressing hand helped to diagnose diseases, examine pulse and locate acupoints; during acupuncture, it participated in needle insertion and reinforcing-reducing manipulation; after acupuncture, it played a role in needle withdrawal and regulate human body. It is indicated the pressing hand is a key role not only during acupuncture or reinforcing-reducing manipulation, but also participates in the overall process of acupuncture, which has great significance in guiding clinical treatment and enhancing practice level.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-673074

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the application effect of pneumatic arm assisted single surgeon uniportal thoracoscopic surgery.Methods A total of 40 patients were admitted to our treatment group in Shanghai Pulmonary hospital in October who accepted pneumatic arm assisted single surgeon uniportal thoracoscopic surgery.All the clinic statistics of patients were collected including operative time,the volume of blood intra-operation,postoperative complications and hospitalization time.23 of 40 patients who accepted lobectomy/segmentectomy with pneumatic arm assisted single surgeon uniportal thoracoscopic surgery were assigned to the observation group,while another 30 concurrent patients who accepted lobectomy/segrnentectomy with conventional uniportal thoracoscopic surgery were assigned to the control group.Both groups were compared.Results The average postoperative hospitalization time of observation group was(4.6 ± 1.3) days.The average time for postoperative drainage tube retention was(46.7 ± 18.6) hours.The average operation time of patients in observation and control groups was(121.74 ± 25.16) min and (119.7 ± 14.26) min separately.The volume of blood intra-operation in observation group was(91.74 ± 32.88)ml and(89.00 ± 41.22) ml in control group.There is no significant difference between two groups(P > 0.05).Conclusion The field of view and adjustment of camera in uniportal thoracoscopic surgery by single surgeon with pneumatic arm assistance are more accurate and steady,in which human resource can be saved.It is safe and reliable and does not prolong operative time or increase bleeding during operation,and can be applied to different kinds of diseases in thoracic surgery.It is worth promotion and application in eligible hospitals and medical institutions.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665650

ABSTRACT

Nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a critical antioxidative transcription factor, which participates in maintaining redox homeostasis of cells. Under the physiological state, Nrf2 is localized to the cytoplasm in an inactive state.In response to oxidative stress,the activated Nrf2 translocates to nucleus, then recognizes and binds the antioxidant response elements,and thus stimulates the transcription of antioxidant enzymes. It is essential to protect the brain tissue from oxidative damage induced by cerebral ischemia-reperfusion.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620516

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical efficacy of recombinant human granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor gel in the treatment of burn wounds.Methods 80 cases of burn patients in our hospital from February 2016 to February 2017 received treatment, were randomly divided into control group and observation group, 40 cases in each group, the control group given routine treatment, and the observation group was treated with recombinant human granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor gel on the basis of the treatment of the control group.The clinical effects of the two groups were compared and analyzed, including the healing time, the total effective rate of wound healing, the healing rate of the wound, and the related adverse reactions.Results The patients in, the healing time, total wound healing efficiency,and wound healing rate of the control group were significantly better than those of the control group(P<0.05), and no adverse reactions occurred in the two groups.Conclusion Burns were treated with recombinant human granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor gel treatment can effectively improve the treatment of patients with total efficiency, shorten the healing time, and can improve the healing rate, the treatment has a very important meaning and value, worthy of promotion and application in clinical widely.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-497564

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation of blood-brain barrier (BBB) damage and depression in patients with cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD).Methods Consecutive patients with CSVD admitted to hospital were enrolled prospectively.The patients completed head MRI and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) examination after admission.The BBB damage degree was evaluated by using albumin CSF/serum ratio (Q-Alb).At 3 months after onset,the depression was assessed according to the Hamilton depression scale (HAMD) and the American Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of mental disorders,4th edition (DSM-Ⅳ).The correlation between the BBB damage and depression in patients with CSVD was analyzed,Results A total of 130 consecutive patients with CSVD were enrolled,including 58 (44.62%) had depression within 3 months.There were significant differences in the proportions of patients with lacunar infarction (43.10% vs.26.39%;x2 =4.008,P =0.045),leukoaraiosis (75.86% vs.58.33%;x2 =4.408,P =0.036),and cerebral microbleed (27.59% vs.12.50%;x2 =4.707,P =0.030),and baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores (5.02 ± 2.51 vs.3.60 ± 2.43;t =3.256,P =0.001),Fazekas scales of deep white matter (2.35 ± 1.00 vs.1.56 ± 1.05;t =4.358,P <0.001) and the proportion of Q-AIb category (x2 =6.852,P =0.033) between the depression group and the non-depression group.Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the baseline NIHSS scores (odds ratio [OR] 1.248,95% confidence interval [CI] 1.027-1.517;P =0.026),leukoaraiosis (OR 14.786,95% CI 1.776-123.111;P=0.013),Fazekas scales of deep white matter (OR 1.847,95% CI 1.210-2.819;P=0.004),and Q-Alb (OR 30.417,95% CI 3.662-252.643;P =0.004) had significant independent correlation with depression.Conclusions The BBB damage is independently associated with depression in patients with CSVD.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237695

ABSTRACT

Cancer, an abnormal cell proliferation resulted from multi-factors,has the highest morbidity and mortality among all the serious diseases. Considerable progress has been made in cancer biology in recent years. Tumor immunology, cancer stem cells (CSCs), autophagy, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) have become hot topics of interests in this area. Detailed dissection of these biological processes will provide novel directions, targets, and strategies for the pharmacological evaluation, mechanism elucidation, and new drug development of traditional Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Humans , Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-455049

ABSTRACT

OBJECTlVE To study the reIationship between microRNA(miRNA)-122 and Iiver injury in-duced by anti-tubercuIosis drugs,and to discover the new biomarkers for earIy diagnosis of this type of Iiver injury. METHODS mice were given 2 mL isoniazid oraIIy at 90 mg·kg-1 . BIood and Iiver tissue sampIes were coIIected at 1,3,5,7,14,21 and 28 d after administration of isoniazid. Serum gIutamic-pyruvic transaminase( GPT)and gIutamic-oxaIoacetic transaminase( GOT)IeveIs were determined using an automatic biochemicaI anaIyzer. Cu/ Zn-superoxide dismutase( Cu/ Zn-SOD ) activity and maIondiaIdehyde( mDA)content were detected by biochemicaI method. ReaI-time qPCR was used to measure the expression of miRNA-122. RESULTS GPT and GOT IeveIs were significantIy higher at 14 and 21 d(P﹤0.05)than in the controI. Cu/ Zn-SOD began to decIine whiIe mDA began to increase after 5 d(P﹤0.05). miRNA-122,which progressiveIy decreased after administration,was reduced to the mini-mum 0.58 ±0.02 at 14 d. There were good correIations between miRNA-122 and GPT,Cu/ Zn-SOD, mDA(the correIation coefficients were -0.370,0.268,and -0.298,respectiveIy),but no correIation with GOT was observed. CONCLUSlON The tissue miRNA-122 profiIe can be used as a sensitive marker for anti-tubercuIosis drug-induced Iiver injury,which couId contribute to the earIy diagnosis of Iiver injury.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-600102

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of dammarane sapogenins ( DS-1226 ) on sleep interruption-induced learning and memory impairment in mice.Methods 130 SPF healthy 5 -6-week old male ICR mice were randomly divided into control, model, DS-1226 low dose, DS-1226 medium dose and DS-1226 high dose groups.The behavioral alterations in open field (OF), Morris water maze (MWM) and step-through (ST) tests were detected at 15 days after rotating drum-induced sleep interruption ( SI) .Results The total distance, movement speed, total duration of movement were increased in OF test ( P<0.05, vs.the model group) after treatment.The latency of place navigation was increased from day 5 in the MWM test after 15 d sleep interruption, and the number of crossing in the target quadrant and the percent distance in target quadrant were decreased after 15 d sleep interruption ( P <0.05, vs.the control group), while the latency of place navigation was decreased, and the percent distance in target quadrant and percent time in target quadrant after high dose DS-1226 oral administration ( P<0.05, vs.the model group) were increased.Error times, distance in dark chamber, time in dark chamber and immobility time in dark chamber were increased in training of step through test ( P<0.05, vs.the control group);while these indexes were decreased after DS-1226 oral administration ( P<0.05, vs.the model group) .But there was no significant difference in the step through testing course.Conclusions The results show that orally administrated DS-1226 can ameliorate SI-induced learning and memory impairment, and there is a significant dosage-effect relationship.

17.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (6): 526-530, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-643215

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of sodium arsenite (iAs3+) and sodium hydrogen arseuate (iAs5+) exposure on rat multidrug resistance protein 2 (MRP2) expression,and the correlation of liver arsenic and its methylation products,and to provide a basis for further elucidating the mechanism of arsenic toxicity.Methods Seventy wistar rats were randomly divided into seven groups,10 rats in each group.Control group was administrated with deionized water.Sodiun arsenite high-dose group,middle-dose group,low-dose group were administrated with different concentrations of sodium arsenite:20.0,6.7 and 2.2 mg/kg BW every day,respectively.Animals were sacrificed 90 days later by cervical dislocation to collect liver,the expression of MRP2 in the membrane of hepatocyte was determined by Western blotting.HPLC-HGAFS was employed to determine the content or level of arsenic and its methylation products.Correlation between expression of MRP2 and arsenic methylation products was analyzed using Pearson's linear correlation method.Results The MRP2 protein levels of control group,iAs3+ and iAs5+ high-,middle-,low-dose groups were 1.21 ± 0.13,1.85 + 0.09,1.65 + 0.19,1.61 + 0.18,1.69 + 0.04,1.42 + 0.19,1.27 ± 0.10.Compared to control group,MRP2 protein levels of iAs3+ high-,middle-,low-dose group and iAs5+ high-dose group were increased (P < 0.05); Compared with the low-dose group,MRP2 protein levels of iAs3+ and iAs5+ high dose groups were increased(P < 0.05); Comparing the matched doses group of iAs5+ and iAs3+,MRP2 protein levels of iAs3+ high-,middle-,low-dose group were higher than iAs5+(P < 0.05).Meanwhile,there was a significant positive relationship between the expression of MRP2 and the content of iAs3+,MMA and DMA in iAs3+ exposed group(r =0.575,0.678,0.395,all P < 0.05).There was also a significant correlation between the expression of MRP2 and MMA and IMA in iAs5+ exposed group(r =0.593,0.643,all P < 0.05).There was no significant relationship between the expression of MRP2 and the content of iAs5+in iAs5+ exposed group.Conclusions The expression of MRP2 is increased with increasing dose of arsenic exposure,thus resulting in compensatory changes on MRP2 expression in the liver cell membrane.MRP2 efflux may play an important role in the metabolic pathways of iAs3+.The level or load of arsenic methylation in liver is closely related with MRP2 expression.

18.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 737-739, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-280625

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess serum levels of endogenous endostatin in patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma (CCRCC) and to determine the relationship of these levels to tumor stage, grade.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From March 2004 to October 2008, preoperative serum were obtained from 138 consecutive patients with CCRCC (73 patients in T1, 39 patients in T2, 20 patients in T3, and 6 patients in T4) and 40 healthy controls. Serum levels of endostatin were measured by sandwich-ELISA. Associations between circulating endostatin levels and clinicopathologic factors and clinical outcome were determined.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Endostatin levels did not differ significantly between the patients with CCRCC (93.1 microg/L) and healthy controls (78.9 microg/L, P > 0.05). Serum levels of endostatin were significantly higher in the T2-4 CCRCC patients (107.2 microg/L) than those of the T1 patients (80.4 microg/L, P < 0.01). No significant difference was found in the endostatin levels among the T2-4 patients, or between healthy controls and the T1 patients. The serum endostatin concentration was significantly higher in the metastasis group (118.4 microg/L) than in the no metastasis group (89.5 microg/L, P < 0.05), but there was no significant difference between patients with distant metastasis group (122.0 microg/L) and lymph nodes metastasis (110.0 microg/L, P > 0.05). Patients with G3-4 tumors had significantly higher endostatin levels (111.8 microg/L) than those of patients with G1 (80.4 microg/L) and G2 tumors (86.2 microg/L, P < 0.01), but endostatin levels did not differ significantly between the two groups (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Preoperative serum levels of endostatin elevated in patients with CCRCC and associated with higher stage and grade.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma, Renal Cell , Blood , Pathology , Endostatins , Blood , Female , Humans , Kidney Neoplasms , Blood , Pathology , Male , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-298701

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the therapeutic effect of losartan on type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) with gas chromatography (GC)-based metabonomics.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>DM2 patients were dosed with losartan (100 mg/d) and urines were collected at week 8 and 12. The biochemical criteria (blood pressure, urinary albumen, urinary 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine and blood creatinine) were analyzed. Urine samples were derivatived and analyzed by GC. Multivariate metabonomics analysis was performed after peak alignment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After 8-12 weeks, losartan showed little curative effect and no remarked changes of biochemical criteria were observed. However, metabonomics analysis revealed that some biomarkers such as glucitol and inositol changed.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>GC-based metabonomics analysis enables the rapid identification of metabolic differences and provides information concerning therapeutic effect of losartan.</p>


Subject(s)
Albuminuria , Urine , Biomarkers , Blood , Chemistry , Urine , Chromatography, Gas , Methods , Creatinine , Blood , Deoxyguanosine , Urine , Diabetes Mellitus , Drug Therapy , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Drug Therapy , Drug Monitoring , Humans , Hypoglycemic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Inositol , Chemistry , Losartan , Therapeutic Uses , Metabolome , Sorbitol , Chemistry
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-682917

ABSTRACT

Objective Wegener's granulomatosis is a rare multisystem vasculitis of unknown aetiology. The clinical features of the disease,the treatment and long-term follow-up is observed in this study.Methods Eleven WG patients were from Rheumatology Department of Guangdong Province People's Hospital between 1999—2005.Data were obtained retrospectively.The patients' clinical manifestation and laboratory results were studied.Results All patients had upper and lower respiratory tracts involvement.The upper respiratory tract(nose,sinus,throat,trachea,and middle ear)-(E)lung(L),and kidneys(K)were the most commonly in- volved organs.The majority of patient received i.v.puls methylprednisolone 0.5 g/d?3 d,followed by oral pred- nisone 1 mg.kg~(-1).d~(-1)and i.v.pulses of cyclophosphamide 750 mg/m~2.The long-term outcome was good. Conclusion Wegner's granulomatosis is a systemic vasculitis occurring in patients with histopathologic mani- festation of necrotizing vasculitis with granuloma formation.Corticosteroid and immunosuppressive treatment may achieve good outcome.

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