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1.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 113-134, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922681

ABSTRACT

Mutations of the X-linked methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MECP2) gene in humans are responsible for most cases of Rett syndrome (RTT), an X-linked progressive neurological disorder. While genome-wide screens in clinical trials have revealed several putative RTT-associated mutations in MECP2, their causal relevance regarding the functional regulation of MeCP2 at the etiologic sites at the protein level requires more evidence. In this study, we demonstrated that MeCP2 was dynamically modified by O-linked-β-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) at threonine 203 (T203), an etiologic site in RTT patients. Disruption of the O-GlcNAcylation of MeCP2 specifically at T203 impaired dendrite development and spine maturation in cultured hippocampal neurons, and disrupted neuronal migration, dendritic spine morphogenesis, and caused dysfunction of synaptic transmission in the developing and juvenile mouse cerebral cortex. Mechanistically, genetic disruption of O-GlcNAcylation at T203 on MeCP2 decreased the neuronal activity-induced induction of Bdnf transcription. Our study highlights the critical role of MeCP2 T203 O-GlcNAcylation in neural development and synaptic transmission potentially via brain-derived neurotrophic factor.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Methyl-CpG-Binding Protein 2/metabolism , Mice , Neurodevelopmental Disorders/genetics , Rett Syndrome/genetics , Synaptic Transmission , Threonine
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907976

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze clinical factors related to nosocomial infection in children with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation(ECMO)support.Methods:General data, infection data and relevant factors in children with ECMO support in Bayi Children′s Hospital, the 7 th Medical Center of People′s Liberation Army General Hospital and Henan Provincial People′s Hospital from September 2012 to February 2020 were reviewed.Relevant factors of nosocomial infection in them were analyzed. Results:Among 163 cases, 36(22.1%) children supported with ECMO had infections during the period of ECMO, and 72 pathogenic microorganisms were detected, including 67 bacteria (33 Acinetobacter baumannii, 21 Klebsiella pneumoniae, and 6 Pseudomonas aeruginosa) and 5 fungi.Pathogens from the respiratory system, blood system, urinary tract and abdominal cavity were detected in 45 cases(62.5%), 25 cases (34.7%), 1 case (1.4%), and 1 case (1.4%), respectively.Drug sensitivity analysis of the Acinetobacter baumannii showed that it was the extensively resistant strain.Compared with uninfected children supported with ECMO, ECMO support time[(10.0±6.7) d], hospitalization[(34.0±25.3) d], hospitalization cost[(234 368±113 234) yuan], preoperative oxygenation index(52.8±23.0) and lactate value[(9.6±5.9) mmol/L]were significantly higher in nosocomial infection ones[(4.6±3.2) d, (24.3±19.8) d, (161 416±65 847) yuan, 35.6±10.4, (5.6±5.4) mmol/L] supported with ECMO (all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the mortality between 2 groups ( P>0.05). In addition, lactate level (9.8 mmol/L) and oxygenation index (36.0±12.7) were significantly higher in died children(2.7 mmol/L, 22.1±10.4) with nosocomial infection during the period of ECMO support than those of survivors (all P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that ECMO support time( OR=7.054, 95% CI: 2.206-25.525) and preoperative lactate value( OR=2.250, 95% CI: 1.378-4.611) were independent risk factors of nosocomial infection. Conclusions:Correcting underlying diseases of ECMO supporting and shortening the duration of ECMO can reduce the incidence and mortality of nosocomial infection in children who are supported with ECMO.

3.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1631-1639, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910757

ABSTRACT

Objective:In this study, a gait acquisition and analysis system is developed to provide a cheap, easy-to-use solution for quantitative recording and analysis of patients' gaits.Methods:From April 2017 to October 2018, we collected the gait data of 19 patients with knee osteoarthritis and 19 healthy volunteers in the orthopaedic outpatient department. Among 19 patients, there were 9 males and 10 females, aged 50.1±9.4 years old. Among 19 healthy volunteers, there were 8 males and 11 females, aged 50.7±10.3 years old. Then, from the collected gait data, the static gait features such as gait speed, step length, stride, and dynamic gait features were automatically calculated, and the statistical difference analysis was finished to determine the correlation between these quantitative gait features and knee osteoarthritis.Results:Firstly, the gait data collected by the depth camera was compared with the data from the multi infrared camera-based motion analysis system (gold standard). The average angle error of the collected knee joint angle was 0.98 degrees, which proved the correctness of the gait data recorded by the depth camera. The statistical difference analysis of gait characteristics between the patient group and the healthy group showed that the gait characteristics with P<0.05 included: gait speed ( r=-0.922, P<0.001), step length ( r=-0.897, P=0.004), stride ( r=-0.914 , P<0.001), dynamic characteristics of angle of knee joint ( r=0.775, P=0.001). Conclusion:The gait acquisition and analysis system based on the depth camera can accurately record and store the gait data of the patients with knee osteoarthritis. Moreover, the extracted quantitative gait features have statistical differences between the patients and the healthy group, which is helpful for the gait analysis of bone joint.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888124

ABSTRACT

To systematically review the efficacy of Xuebijing Injection combined with western medicine in the treatment of systemic inflammatory response syndrome(SIRS). In this study, CBM, CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, PubMed and EMbase databases were retrieved for clinical randomized controlled trials on the effect of Xuebijing Injection combined with western medicine in the treatment of SIRS from the establishment of the database to July 31, 2020. After screening, Meta-analysis was conducted by RevMan 5.3 software, trial sequential analysis was conducted by TSA 0.9.5.10 beta software, and the evidence quality level was evaluated by GRADEprofiler 3.6.1 software. Meta-analysis showed that Xuebijing Injection combined with western medicine could reduce white blood cell count(MD=-2.32, 95%CI[-2.44,-2.21], P<0.000 01), C-reactive protein count(MD=-22.70, 95%CI[-29.61,-15.79], P<0.000 01), APACHE Ⅱ score(MD=-2.15, 95%CI[-2.43,-1.87], P<0.000 01), tumor necrosis factor alpha count(SMD=-1.23, 95%CI[-1.48,-0.99], P<0.000 01) and interleukin-6 count(SMD=-0.92, 95%CI[-1.15,-0.69], P<0.000 01), improve treatment efficiency(RR=1.39, 95%CI[1.23, 1.56], P<0.000 01), reduce incidence of multiple organ dysfunction(RR=0.47, 95%CI[0.35, 0.64], P<0.000 01) and mortality(RR=0.22, 95%CI[0.13, 0.37], P<0.000 01), which were better than western medicine treatment alone. Trial sequential analysis showed that in terms of reducing the incidence of multiple organ dysfunction and C-reactive protein count, the cumulative Z value passed through the traditional threshold, TSA threshold and expected information value, and reached the required number of cases. GRADE evaluation showed that the level of evidence was low or very low. According to the findings, Xuebijing Injection combined with western medicine is effective in treating SIRS. However, as the low quality of the included studies may affect the reliability of the conclusion, more high-quality studies shall be included for further verification in the future, so as to provide better suggestions for clinical medication.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Injections , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Reproducibility of Results , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/drug therapy
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885555

ABSTRACT

The Montreux definition established in 2017 made it clear that the neonates can not be excluded from the diagnosis of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), which supported the urge of emphasizing the specificity and importance of neonatal ARDS (nARDS) in the past ten years in China. Neonatal idiopathic respiratory distress syndrome is caused primarily by insufficient pulmonary surfactant system, which pathologically and clinically presented as typical respiratory distress syndrome. While the causes of nARDS often coexisted with underlying conditions, and its pathological and clinical features are a superposition of both respiratory distress syndrome and underlying conditions. Therefore, superimposition is the key to understanding the etiology, pathology, diagnosis, and treatment of nARDS, which is crucial for optimizing the clinical practice of nARDS.

6.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 339-349, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884725

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the difference of curative effect between zero-profile bridge-shaped locking cage (ROI-C) and anterior cage combined with titanium plate fixation in the treatment of two-level and three-level cervical spondylotic myelopathy.Methods:A total of 85 patients (43 males and 42 females), aged 52.3±8.0 years (range from 28 to 66 years) with bi- and three-level cervical spondylotic myelopathy who received surgical treatment from June 2017 to October 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 63 cases of two levels and 22 cases of three levels. 45 cases were treated with zero-profile bridge-shaped locking cage ROI-C (ROI-C group), and 40 cases with anterior cage combined with titanium plate fixation (titanium plate group). The main observation indicators include operation time, intraoperative blood loss, cervical Cobb angle, fusion segment Cobb angle, average intervertebral height, pain visual analogue scale (VAS), Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) Score and neck disability index (NDI).Results:All of 85 patients were followed up for 16.9±2.0 months (range 12 to 22 months). The operation time of two-level ROI-C group was 110.37±8.25 min, which was shorter than 139.5±10.54 min of titanium plate group; the intraoperative blood loss was 15.74±8.10 ml, which was less than 23.71±9.70 ml of titanium plate group; the operation time of three-level ROI-C group was 130.00±5.70 min, which was shorter than 162.83±5.59 min of titanium plate group, while the difference in the intraoperative blood loss between the two groups had no statistical significance. One year after operation, Cobb angle of cervical vertebra in double and three-level ROI-C groups were 15.31°±1.55° and 15.20°±0.42°, respectively, which were largerthan 11.23°±2.03° and 9.20°±1.14° before operation; in titanium plate group, they were 15.89°±1.13° and 16.08°±1.88°, which were higher than 11.25°±2.01° and 9.00°±1.60° before operation, and the differences had statistical significance. The differences between the two groups before operation and 1 year after operation had no statistical significance. One year after operation, the VAS scores of double and three-level ROI-C groups were 1.83±0.66 points and 2.60±0.52 points, respectively, which were less than the preoperative 7.49±0.51 points and 7.60±0.52 points; the titanium plate group was 1.79±0.50 points and 2.41±0.51 points, which were less than the preoperative 7.61±0.63 points and 7.42±0.52 points, and the differences had statistical significance. There was no significant difference between the two groups before operation and 1 year after operation. One year after operation, the JOA scores of double and three-level ROI-C groups were 15.00±0.84 points and 14.70±0.95 points, respectively, which were higher than the preoperative 7.20±0.87 points and 6.60±1.27 points; the scores of titanium plate group were 15.29±0.85 points and 14.83±0.58 points, which were higher than the preoperative 6.89±1.03 points and 6.92±0.67 points, and the differences had statistical significance. The differences between the two groups had no statistical significance. The postoperative JOA improvement rate was excellent. Postoperative dysphagia occurred in 1 case (2.22%, 1/45) in ROI-C group and 8 cases (20.00%, 8/40) in titanium plate group, and the difference in the incidence rate between two groups had statistical significance ( χ2=5.32, P=0.02). Conclusion:Both ROI-C and anterior cage combined with titanium plate fixation in the treatment of double and three-level cervical spondylotic myelopathy can achieve good short-term clinical efficacy, with shorter operation time and lower incidence rate of postoperative dysphagia using ROI-C.

7.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 996-1003, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876272

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To systematically evaluate th e efficacy and safety of Compound banmao capsules combined with different chemoradiotherapy in the treatment of primary hepatic carcinoma (PHC). METHODS :Retrieved from CBM ,CNKI, Wanfang database ,VIP,PubMed,Embase and Cochrane Library during the inception to Sept. 2020,randomized controlled trial (RCTs),cohort study about Compound banmao capsules combined with different chemoradiotherapy plans (trial group )versus different chemoradiotherapy plans (control group )were collected. After literature screening and data extraction ,the quality of included RCTs were evaluated with bias risk evaluation tool recommended by Cochrane system evaluator mannual 5.1.0. Newcastle Ottawa scale was used to evaluate the quality of cohort 502) studies;Rev Man 5.3 software was used for Meta-analysis ;TSA 0.9.5.10 Beta software was used for trail sequential analysis,and GRADE Profiler 3.6.1 software was used for evidence quality evaluation of RCT and cohort studies . RESULTS:A total of 15 RCTs were included ,involving com 1 148 patients. Meta-analysis showed that effective rate of trial group was significantly higher than that of control group [RR =0.80,95%CI(0.73,0.88),P<0.000 01]. The results of subgroup analysis according to different chemotherapy plan showed that the effective rate of trial group combined with TACE and three dimensional conformal radiotherapy were significantly higher than control group (P<0.05). The survival rate of trial group was significantly higher than control group [RR =0.81,95%CI(0.74,0.89),P<0.000 1];the results of subgroup analysis according to different survival time showed that 1-year,2-year and 3-year survival rates of trial group were significantly higher than control group(P<0.05). The incidence of myelosuppression in trial group was significantly lower than control group ,and the natural killer cell count and T cell count of trial group were significantly higher than control group (P<0.05). There was no statistical significance in AFP content and liver function index between 2 groups(P>0.05). Trial sequential analysis showed that there was definite evidence for better effective rate of Compound banmao capsules combined with TACE. GRADE evaluation results showed that the evidence level of effective rate was intermediate ,the evidence level of survival rate and incidence of myelosuppression was low,and other indicators were very low. CONCLUSIONS :Compound banmao capsules combined with different chemoradiotherapy in the treatment of PHC has significant efficacy and good safety ,especially in combination with TACE ,and the evidence level of effective rate is intermediate.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2859-2879, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888891

ABSTRACT

Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disease, but none of the current treatments for PD can halt the progress of the disease due to the limited understanding of the pathogenesis. In PD development, the communication between the brain and the gastrointestinal system influenced by gut microbiota is known as microbiota-gut-brain axis. However, the explicit mechanisms of microbiota dysbiosis in PD development have not been well elucidated yet. FLZ, a novel squamosamide derivative, has been proved to be effective in many PD models and is undergoing the phase I clinical trial to treat PD in China. Moreover, our previous pharmacokinetic study revealed that gut microbiota could regulate the absorption of FLZ

9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1422-1428, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827636

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Catheter ablation is effective in restoring sinus rhythm and left atrial appendage closure (LAAC) is increasingly used for stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). We aimed to observe the feasibility and safety of performing AF ablation and LAAC in a single (one-stop) procedure.@*METHODS@#Consecutive AF patients who underwent the combined procedure of AF ablation and LAAC with WATCHMAN device between March 2017 and September 2018 were prospectively enrolled. Baseline and intra-procedural parameters were evaluated. Three-month and subsequent 1-year follow-up were performed in all and earlier-enrolled subjects, respectively.@*RESULTS@#A total of 178 AF patients (94 males, 68.9 ± 8.1 years) underwent the one-stop procedure with CHA2DS2-VASc score 3.3 ± 1.5 and HAS-BLED score 1.6 ± 1.0, respectively. Pulmonary vein isolation was achieved in all patients while additional linear ablation was applied if the operator deemed necessary, yielding immediate ablation success rate of 98.9% (176/178). In the subsequent LAAC, satisfactory seal (residual leak <5 mm) was achieved in all patients. One stroke and four cardiac perforations occurred peri-operatively. At 3-month follow-up, sinus rhythm and satisfactory seal were maintained in 153/178 (86.0%) and 178/178 (100%) patients, respectively. One stroke and one delayed cardiac tamponade occurred, while no device-related thrombus or device migration was observed. During the 1-year follow-up for the earlier enrolled subjects, 52/72 (72.2%) of the patients maintained sinus rhythm. There was no stroke or systemic embolism observed.@*CONCLUSION@#Combining catheter ablation and LAAC in a single procedure can be successfully and safely performed in non-valvular AF patients of Chinese population.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 892-897, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821693

ABSTRACT

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is usually accompanied with inflammatory response, especially the macrophages. The co-culture model of macrophages and fibroblast, and IPF mice model induced by bleomycin were used here to explore the role of macrophages and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in IPF. All animals welfare and experiments were performed following the regulations of the Animal Ethics Committee of Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine. The results showed that the content of IL-6 in IPF mice induced by bleomycin was significantly increased, and there was a large amount of inflammatory cell infiltration in the lungs. The results of wound-healing and immunofluorescence showed that alternative activated (M2) macrophages could induce the migration and activation of fibroblasts at 36 h, and the expression of IL-6 was increased in the co-culture system. The results of wound-healing and sirius red assay proved that IL-6 could induce the migration and activation of fibroblast. The results showed that M2 macrophages induced fibroblasts to secrete IL-6, thereby inducing the activation and migration of fibroblast, which affect the development of IPF.

11.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): E007-E007, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811680

ABSTRACT

In order to achieve the overall victory of the 2019 novel coronavirus disease epidemic in this 'war’, especially to prevent the disease recurrence from rebounding during the resumption of labor, the government has not loosened any control of personnel mobility, which has obviously affected the normal examination and treatment of lung cancer patients under the influence of this epidemic. During the epidemic period, cancer patients with low immunity levels face the double ordeals of disease and epidemic situation. Compared with the general population, they are more likely to be infected with the new coronavirus. Among the infected cancer patients, lung cancer is the most common type. It is necessary to provide more appropriate individualized treatment recommendations for patients with lung cancer based on the epidemic situation of the patient's location and in combination with the patient's own condition. Through active prevention of infection, timely conversion of treatment strategies, online and offline joint control, and positive psychological counseling, we significantly hope to help patients with lung cancer to survive this difficult period.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879372

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#A3 intertrochanteric fracture is an extremely unstable fracture, which is often treated with intramedullary nail, but the implant failure is common due to the posterior medial fragment cannot be reconstructed. A new medial sustainable nail (MSN-Ⅱ) which can reconstruct the femoral medial support by sustainable screw was introduced in this study. The mechanical effect was verified by biomechanical experiment.@*METHODS@#The loss medial support model of intertrochanteric fracture (A3) was made by artificial Sawbones model, fixed with MSN-Ⅱ and PFNA-Ⅱ, underwent axial loading and axial failure tests. The axial stiffness, yield load, displacement of head-neck fragment and torsional angle of fracture site of these nails were recorded and compared for biomechanical differences. The effect of early reconstruction of medial support with MSN-Ⅱ was determined.@*RESULTS@#The axial stiffness, yield load, the displacement of head and neck fragment when the axial load was 1 800 N and torsional angle of the fracture site after the axial failure test of MSN-Ⅱ were (222.76 ±62.46) N /mm, (4 241.71 ±847.42) N, (11.51 ±0.62) mm, (1.71 ±0.10)° respectively, while the PFNA -Ⅱ was (184.58±40.59) N /mm, (3 058.76±379.63) N, (16.15±1.36) mm, (2.52±0.26)°respectively. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant.@*CONCLUSION@#The axial stiffness of MSN-Ⅱ is better than that of PFNA-Ⅱ. The MSN-Ⅱ can bear more loads when fixed A3.3 intertrochanteric fracture and has greater axial and rotational stability. It is an effective means to reconstruct the medial support of A3 intertrochanteric fracture.


Subject(s)
Biomechanical Phenomena , Bone Nails , Bone Screws , Femur , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans
13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2682-2687, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877826

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The reverse obliquity inter-trochanteric fracture is a distinct fracture pattern that is mechanically different from most inter-trochanteric fractures and the optional treatment of it is still controversial. The purpose of this study was to compare differences in the efficacy of a novel nail (medial support nail [MSN-II]) and proximal femoral nail anti-rotation (PFNA-II) in the treatment of reverse obliquity inter-trochanteric fractures (Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Osteosynthesfrogen/Orthopedic Trauma Association [AO/OTA] 31-A3.1) using finite-element analysis.@*METHODS@#Modeling software was used to establish a three-dimensional model of MSN-II and PFNA-II and an A3.1 inter-trochanteric fracture model. Abaqus software was used to implement different force loads to compare finite-element biomechanical parameters such as the maximum stress in implant and the displacement of fracture site.@*RESULTS@#The femoral stress, implant stress and fracture site displacement of MSN-II was less than that of PFNA-II. The results indicated that the maximal femoral stress was 581 MPa for PFNA-II and 443 MPa for the MSN-II. The maximum stress values in the PFNA-II and MSN-II models were 291 and 241 MPa, respectively. The maximal displacements of the fracture site were 1.47 and 1.16 mm in the PFNA-II and MSN-II models, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with PFNA-II for inter-trochanteric fracture (AO/OTA 31-A3.1), MSN-II which was designed with a triangular stability structure can provide better biomechanical stability. The MSN-II may be a feasible option for the treatment of reverse obliquity inter-trochanteric fracture.


Subject(s)
Bone Nails , Femur , Finite Element Analysis , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Hip Fractures/surgery , Humans , Treatment Outcome
14.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 932-935, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870906

ABSTRACT

This article reported two cases of myopathy type very long-chain acyl coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency patients, whose clinical manifestations were mainly repeated rhabdomyolysis. In case 1, with fluctuating muscle weakness and myalgia, pathology of skeletal muscle biopsy showed a small amount of degenerative and necrotic muscle fibers, and some muscle fibers had slightly increased fat components. ACADVL gene complex heterozygous mutation was found by second-generation sequencing. Case 2 showed increased polyacylcarnitine and decreased free carnitine by tandem mass spectrometry. Clinical onset muscle weakness, muscle pain and repeat rhabdomyolysis suggested to consider myopathy type very long-chain acyl coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency. Because of no specific performance in lower limb muscle magnetic resonance imaging and skeletal muscle biopsy pathology, the case needed to be differentiated from other metabolic myopathy, and tandem mass spectrometry detection and the second generation sequencing are helpful to diagnosis and differential diagnosis.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867851

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate natural reduction at prone position in the treatment of femoral subtrochanteric fractures with intramedullary nailing.Methods:The clinical data of 7 patients with subtrochanteric fracture were retrospectively analyzed who had been treated at Orthopaedic Department, Beijing Tsinghua Changgung Hospital from August 2016 to April 2018. They were 4 males and 3 females, aged from 31 to 87 years (average, 55.6 years). Their fractures happened on the left side in 3 patients and on the right side in 4. By the Seinsheimer classification, there were 3 cases of type Ⅱ, 2 cases of type Ⅲ and 2 cases of type Ⅴ. The time from injury to surgery ranged from 9 to 44 hours, averaging 26 hours. All patients were treated by intramedullary nailing after natural reduction at prone position. Their preoperative preparation time, time required for reduction, total operation time, fluoroscopic frequency for guide pin insertion, fluoroscopic frequency for reduction, reduction quality, complications and curative effect were recorded.Results:Closed reduction and intramedullary nail fixation were completed uneventfully in all the 7 cases. Their preoperative preparation time averaged 29.4 min (from 21 to 42 min), reduction time 6.3 min (from 3 to 10 min), and total operation time 157 min (from 82 to 275 min). Their fluoroscopic frequency averaged 37 times (from 14 to 96 times) for guide pin insertion and 23 times (from 10 to 49 times) for reduction, totaling 244 times (from 121 to 360 times). According to the modified Baumgaetner criteria, the fracture reduction was evaluated as excellent in 6 cases and as fair in one. The 7 patients were followed up for 12 to 34 months (mean, 20.1 months). A drill broke at the interlocking nail hole during operation in one patient, deep venous thrombosis occurred at a lower extremity in another during hospitalization, and fracture nonunion was observed after operation in another, but no complications related to the prone position were observed. The curative effect evaluated by Harris hip score at the last follow-up was excellent in 4 cases, as good in 2 cases and as fair in one.Conclusion:In the treatment of femoral subtrochanteric fractures with intramedullary nailing, the prone position benefits natural reduction and maintenance of reduction and allows convenient fluoroscopy and nail placement during operation, especially for obese patients.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863625

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the acute and long-term toxicity of GJ-4 extracted from Gardenia jasminoides J.Ellis, and to provide safety basis for its development as a new drug for the treatment of dementia. Methods:In the acute toxicity experiment, 30 ICR mice were randomly divided into control group, gardenia extract 2.5 g/kg group and gardenia extract 5.0 g/kg group, 10 mice in each group. The mice in the 2.5 g/kg and 5.0 g/kg gardenia extract groups were administrated with GJ-4 suspension. The control group was given 0.5% sodium carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC-Na) by gavage. The mice were given continuous gavage for 7 days. The mortality, body weight and general condition of mice were recorded. The levels of ALT, ALP, BUN and creatinine (CRE) in serum were measured by automatic biochemical detector. In the long-term toxicity experiment, 75 ICR mice were divided into control group and gardenia extract 100, 250, 500, 1 000 mg/kg group according to the random number table method, 15 mice in each group. The GJ-4 suspension of Gardenia extract 100, 250, 500 and 1 000 mg/kg were administrated to the stomach respectively in the gardenia extract 100, 250, 500 and 1 000 mg/kg groups, and 0.5% CMC-Na of the same volume was administrated to the stomach in the control group once a day for 30 days. The mortality, weight and mental state of mice were recorded. The organ index and the levels of ALT, ALP and BUN in serum were observed.Results:In the acute toxicity experiment, the mental state and diet of mice in each group were good, and there was no death within 7 days. Compared with the control group, there was no significant differences in body weight, heart index, liver index and kidney index between the two groups ( P>0.05). Compared with the control group, the level of BUN (10.17 ± 0.82 mmol/L vs. 11.25 ± 0.47 mmol/L) in the gardenia extract 2.5 g/kg group significantly decreased ( P<0.05), and the level of ALP (116.0 ± 10.75 U/L vs. 148.0 ± 25.73 U/L) in the gardenia extract 5.0 g/kg group significantly decreased ( P<0.05). In the long-term toxicity experiment, the mice were in good mental state and had good diet, and no death occurred. Compared with the control group, there was no significant differences in body weight, heart index, kidney index, spleen index and serum ALT, ALP and BUN levels between the two groups ( P>0.05). The liver index (4.9 ± 0.56 vs. 4.38 ± 0.49) in the 250 mg/kg gardenia extract group significantly increased ( P<0.01), and the thymus index (0.09 ± 0.02 vs. 0.14 ± 0.04) significantly decreased ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The Gardenia jasminoides extract GJ-4 has no obvious toxicity in acute and long-term toxicity experiment, indicating that GJ-4 is safe.

17.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): E007-E007, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924312

ABSTRACT

In order to achieve the overall victory of the 2019 novel coronavirus disease epidemic in this 'war’, especially to prevent the disease recurrence from rebounding during the resumption of labor, the government has not loosened any control of personnel mobility, which has obviously affected the normal examination and treatment of lung cancer patients under the influence of this epidemic. During the epidemic period, cancer patients with low immunity levels face the double ordeals of disease and epidemic situation. Compared with the general population, they are more likely to be infected with the new coronavirus. Among the infected cancer patients, lung cancer is the most common type. It is necessary to provide more appropriate individualized treatment recommendations for patients with lung cancer based on the epidemic situation of the patient's location and in combination with the patient's own condition. Through active prevention of infection, timely conversion of treatment strategies, online and offline joint control, and positive psychological counseling, we significantly hope to help patients with lung cancer to survive this difficult period.

18.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 699-706, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755210

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical effects of arthroscopic autologous bone grafting and percutaneous fixation in treating scaphoid nonunion.Methods From May 2013 to August 2017,a total of 25 cases of patients including 20 males and 5 females with unilateral scaphoid fractures and nonunion were reviewed,with mean age of 35.80±2.41 years (18-65 years).The duration from injury to treatment was averaged 11.70± 1.90 months (5-18 months).All of the cases sustained waist and proximal end fractures.X-ray and CT scan showed sclerosis and bone resorption without any callus at the fracture sites.However,there were no serious deformities and wrist arthritis.The patients suffered pain and weakness at the radial side of the wrist.The type of the fractures were Slade-Geissler's Ⅲ-Ⅵ,including grade Ⅲ 4 cases,grade Ⅳ 13 cases,grade Ⅴ 7 cases and grade Ⅵ 1 case.The patients were treated with arthroscopic debridement of the sclerotic bone,autologous bone grafting,percutaneous screw (9 cases) or K-wires fixation (16 cases) and immobilization by plaster for 3 weeks after operation,followed by functional rehabilitation training.Bone union was assessed by serial plain radiographs and CT scan regularly.The functional effects were evaluated by comparing the modified Mayo wrist score with the visual analogue scale (VAS) for pain,range of motion (ROM) and the grip strength,which were measured before operation and at 18 months after operation.Results All cases were followed up.Bone union was achieved in all of 25 nonunion.The average radiological union duration was 10.24±2.10 weeks (6-20 weeks).The average VAS score decreased from 6.75± 1.10 preoperatively to 1.33±0.21.The mean ROM of wrist was improved to 168.48°± 12.41 ° (92.90% of that of the normal side),compared to that of 135.24°± 17.47° preoperatively (79.80% of that of the normal side).The mean grip strength showed improvement from an average of 35.68±3.81 kg (80.46% of that of normal side) preoperatively to 48.75±4.42 kg (90.65% of that of normal side).The average modified Mayo wrist score improved from 61.52±6.32 preoperatively to 85.88±8.37.Conclusion Arthroscopic autologous bone grafting with percutaneous cannulated screw and K-wires fixation is an effective and minimally invasive treatment for seaphoid nonunion,which could protect the blood supply of the fracture sites,decrease the surgical complications,promote bone healing and lead to a faster recovery.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752900

ABSTRACT

Objective To introduce the clinical experience of 4 cases of left atrial decompression via minithoracotomy technique in pediatric application under venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA‐ECMO) in pediatric fulminant myocarditis treatment. Methods The clinical data of 4 patients with VA‐ECMO support for fulminant myocarditis admitted in Zhengzhou Children′s Hospital and Bayi Children′s Hospital Affiliated to the Seventh Medical Center of PLA General Hospital from July 2017 to October 2018 were reviewed. Results A total of 4 patients with fulminant myocarditis supported by VA‐ECMO received left ventricular decompression,and left atrial decompression was performed by left atrial intubation with a small incision near the left sternum. Left heart ultrasound showed that left heart function improved after de‐compression. One case with ventilator was still Ⅲ degree atrioventricular block after weaning,and installed permanent pacemaker postoperative 1 month. One case had more pleural drainage and improved after adjus‐ting anticoagulation. One case died due to the termination of treatment by the guardian. A total of 3 cases sur‐vived,and the recent follow‐up results were satisfactory. Conclusion Left artrial decompression of this mini‐mally invasive technique can improve left ventricular function in children with fulminant myocarditis suppor‐ted by VA‐ECMO. It is safe, feasible with small trauma and bleeding controlled.

20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 399-406, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780132

ABSTRACT

Ferroptosis is a novel type of regulated cell death with morphology, biochemistry and mechanisms differing from traditional cell death types such as apoptosis, necrosis and pyroptosis. The regulatory mechanisms of ferroptosis mainly involve iron metabolism, amino acid metabolism and lipid metabolism. It has been found that ferroptosis plays a key role in the pathogenesis of diseases including neurodegenerative diseases, malignant tumors and ischemic reperfusion injury. Parkinson's disease (PD) is one of the most common neurodegenerative diseases and its etiology and pathogenesis remains unclear. Recent studies revealed that ferroptosis might be involved in the pathogenesis of PD, as evidenced by high iron content, depletion of reduced form of glutathione and elevated levels of lipid peroxides detectable in the midbrain of PD patients. Both in vitro and in vivo models of PD have shown that some ferroptosis inhibitors have the ability of attenuating the symptoms and one iron chelator is undergoing a clinic trial. We here summarize the mechanisms of ferroptosis and its association with PD, in an effort to suggest potential novel targets for therapies of PD.

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