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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829195

ABSTRACT

@#Giant thoracic tumor is currently one of the diagnostic and therapeutic challenges of thoracic surgery, with no established guideline or standard for diagnosis and treatment. The quality control of individualized surgical strategy and perioperative management with multi-disciplinary participation is the key to ensure the safety and improve the prognosis of patients. Based on the clinical experience of our institution and others, we hereby discussed and summarized the basic principles, surgical strategies and perioperative management of giant thoracic tumor, aiming to provide a reference of quality control.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828378

ABSTRACT

We used exogenous GA_3 to break the seed dormancy of Thesium chinense. We used high-throughput sequencing technology was used to sequence the transcriptome of dormant seed embryos and dormancy breaking seed embryos of Th. chinense, and the data was analyzed bioinformatically and systematically. The results showed that exogenous GA_3 could effectively break the seed dormancy of Th. chinense; 73 794 up-regulated genes and 42 776 down regulated genes were obtained by transcriptome sequencing; 116 570 diffe-rential genes were annotated by GO function to GO items such as metabolism process, cell process, cell, cell component, binding and catalytic activity. A total of 133 metabolic pathways were found by Pathway analysis of 26 508 differentially expressed genes. In the process of dormancy release, DEGs were mainly enriched in translation, carbohydrate metabolism, folding, classification, degradation and amino acid metabolism. Based on the annotation results in KEGG database, 20 metabolic pathways related to dormancy release were found. Dormancy release of Th. chinense seeds is a complex biological process, including cell morphology construction, secondary metabolite synthesis, sugar metabolism and plant signal transduction, among which plant hormone signal transduction is one of the key factors to regulate dormancy release. The results of qRT-PCR showed that the sequencing results were consistent with the actual results.


Subject(s)
Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Plant Dormancy , Plant Growth Regulators , Santalaceae , Seeds , Transcriptome
3.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 639-648, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826778

ABSTRACT

Increasing evidence suggests that a cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)-dependent intracellular signal drives the process of myelination. Yet, the signal transduction underlying the action of cAMP on central nervous system myelination remains undefined. In the present work, we sought to determine the role of EPAC (exchange protein activated by cAMP), a downstream effector of cAMP, in the development of the myelin sheath using EPAC1 and EPAC2 double-knockout (EPAC) mice. The results showed an age-dependent regulatory effect of EPAC1 and EPAC2 on myelin development, as their deficiency caused more myelin sheaths in postnatal early but not late adult mice. Knockout of EPAC promoted the proliferation of oligodendrocyte precursor cells and had diverse effects on myelin-related transcription factors, which in turn increased the expression of myelin-related proteins. These results indicate that EPAC proteins are negative regulators of myelination and may be promising targets for the treatment of myelin-related diseases.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878857

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to explore the expression pattern of miRNA in the process of embryo dormancy and provide a reference for the mechanism of regulating seed dormancy and germination by miRNA. We used high-throughput sequencing technology, bioinformatics analysis and real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR(qPCR) technology to sequence, screen and identify miRNAs of dormant and dormant embryos. The results showed that there were 23 811 977, 24 276 695, 20 611 876 and 20 601 811 unique sequences in the four sample libraries during the period of dormancy and dormancy release. MiRNAs are mainly distributed between 21 and 24 nt, among which the length of 24 nt occurred most frequently. A total of 31 known miRNAs were identified, belonging to 13 different families. 93 new miRNAs were predicted by bioinformatics software. Ten miRNAs(mir156 a-5 p, mir160 a-5 p, mir160 h-1, mir169 a-5 p, mir157 d, mir159 a-1, mir395-3, mir156 f-5 p, mir156-2 and mir171 a-3 p) were screened out. In this study, 10 miRNAs related to seed dormancy release were identified. The target genes mainly involved carbohydrate metabolism, plant hormone signal transduction, cell division and growth. The results of qRT-PCR showed that the sequencing results were consistent with the actual results.


Subject(s)
Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Humans , Liliaceae , MicroRNAs , Plant Dormancy , RNA, Plant , Seeds
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878828

ABSTRACT

In this study, the roots, stems and leaves of diploid and autotetraploid Dendrobium huoshanense were used as materials to compare their contents of polysaccharides and alkaloids, and the transcriptome sequencing analysis was carried out. The results showed that the contents of polysaccharides and alkaloids in the roots, stems and leaves of tetraploid were 7.6%, 34.5%, 17.2%, 0.01%, 0.024% and 0.035% higher than those of diploid D. huoshanense, respectively. The contents of active components in different tissues were significantly different. There were 3 687 differentially expressed genes in diploid and tetraploid D. huoshanense, of which 2 346 genes were up-regulated and 1 341 down regulated. Go functional analysis showed that these genes were mainly involved in growth and development, stress resistance and other related functions. KEGG pathway analysis showed that most of the differential genes were concentrated in the processes of carbon metabolism, signal transduction, carbohydrate metabolism, amino acid metabolism and energy metabolism. The differential expression of key genes involved in the metabolism of polysaccharides, terpenes and polyketones, amino acid metabolism, hormone synthesis and signal transduction in diploid and tetraploid plants may be the main reason for the high energy content, the increase of active components and the growth potential of tetraploid plants.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Dendrobium/genetics , Diploidy , Plant Roots , Polysaccharides , Transcriptome
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-844082

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the effects of puerarin on the expressions of CaM, CaMKⅡ, BDNF and Akt in vascular dementia cell models induced by oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD). Methods: The passaged well-differentiated PC12 cells were randomly divided into control group, model group, and low-dose, medium-dose and high-dose intervention groups. Vascular dementia cell model was established by OGD. Suitable OGD time and concentration of puererin were obtained from the cell viability measured by MTT assay. The release of LDH was measured to assess the extent of cell damage and identify cell models. The expressions of CaM, CaMKⅡ, MECP2, BDNF and Akt were detected by Western blot. Results: PC12 cells with OGD prolonged viability decreased in a time-dependent manner, with increased concentrations of puerarin increased in a concentration-dependent manner. Effective intervention of puerarin was 0.1-10 μmol/L and optimal time of OGD was 6 h. Compared with control group, the release of LDH in model group was significantly increased (P0.05). Puerarin could down-regulate the level of CaM protein, increase the expressions of MECP2 and BDNF and the phosphorylation of CaMKⅡ, and also increase the phosphorylation of Akt in addition to the low-dose group (P<0.05). Conclusion: The neuroprotective effect of puerarin may be related to the increase of the autophosphorylation of CaMKⅡ mediated by Ca2+-CaM complex, induce the phosphorylation of MECP2, up-regulate the expression of BDNF and activate the PI3K-Akt pathway to inhibit the expression of apoptotic genes and proteins.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752005

ABSTRACT

Objective To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of 125I seed implantation on the treatment of refractory thyroid carcinoma.Methods A total of 14 patients with refractory thyroid carcinoma received CT and ultrasound image-guided 125I seed implantation in our hospital from Apr.2003 to Oct.2016.The radioactive activity ranged from 0.3 to 0.8 mCi,and the prescribed doses were 80 to 120 Gy.11 patients were diagnosed as differentiated thyroid carcinoma and 3 patients were medullary thyroid carcinoma.The local control rate,pain relief and complications were observed.Results The patients were followed up from 12 to 96 months.Two months after treatment,complete remission happened in three patients,partial remission in nine,and disease stability in two,no patients with progression.The half year,one year,two year local control rate was 100%,92% and 42%,respectively.Seven patients were evaluated using number rating scales and obtained a score of 4.14±1.68 before therapy.Two months after treatment,the score was reduced to 2.00±1.15 (P<0.000).No usual complications occurred during or after treatment except for I acute skin radio reaction in 4 cases.Conclusion 125I seed interstitial implantation for refractory thyroid carcinoma under guidance of ultrasound or CT is efficient and safe.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777445

ABSTRACT

Metabarcoding technology is a research method derived from the combination of traditional DNA barcodes and highthroughput sequencing technologies. It can quickly,easily and efficiently identify and restore biological samples from multiple species.Biological species are currently widely used in environmental biology research. In the market of traditional Chinese medicines,adulteration and quality instability have severely restricted the sustainable development of the related industries. This article introduced the background of the metabarcoding technology and its preliminary application in the identification of Chinese patent medicines. It also outlined the possible problems in the research process and prospected to the development of the DNA metabarcoding technology.


Subject(s)
DNA , DNA Barcoding, Taxonomic , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Nonprescription Drugs , Reference Standards
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777109

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) on reproductive outcomes in women with Shen (Kidndy) deficiency syndrome after in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET), and explore the underlying molecular mechanism.@*METHODS@#Sixty-six infertile patients with Shen deficiency syndrome undergoing IVF-ET were divided into EA or control groups according to a random table, 33 cases in each group. Before undergoing IVF, patients in the EA and control groups received EA therapy and placebo needle puncture, respectively, for 3 menstrual cycles. Shen deficiency syndrome scores were assessed. Other outcome measures included the number of retrieved oocytes and fertilization, high-quality embryo and clinical pregnancy rates. Follicular fluid was collected on the day of oocyte retrieval, and granulosa cell expression of phosphatidylinositide 3-kinases (PI3K), serine-threonine kinase (Akt) and forkhead box O3 (Foxo3a) mRNA were measured by reverse transcribed and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction.@*RESULTS@#Syndrome scores for pre- versus post-treatments decreased significantly (16.53±1.75 to 8.67±1.61) in the EA group (P<0.05), but showed no significant change in the control group (17.18±1.58 to 14.74±1.58). A significant difference in score change was found between the EA and control groups (P<0.05). High-quality embryo and clinical pregnancy rates were both increased in the EA group compared with the control group [69.15% (195/282) vs. 60.27% (176/292) and 66.67% (22/33) vs. 42.42% (14/33), respectively, P<0.05]. The fertilization rate was equivalent in EA and control groups. No difference was found in the number of retrieved oocytes between the two groups. Granulosa cell expression levels of PI3K and Akt mRNA were significantly increased in the EA group compared with the control group, while the expression of Foxo3a was reduced (all P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#For infertile patients with Shen deficiency syndrome undergoing IVF, EA for tonifying Shen as an adjunct treatment may alleviate clinical symptoms and improve the high-quality embryo rate. The EA-induced mechanism may involve regulation of PI3K/Akt/Foxo3a expression in granulosa cells to improve the developmental microenvironment of oocytes and inhibit granulosa cell apoptosis, possibly contributing to the improved clinical pregnancy rate (Registration No. ChiCTR 1800016217).

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772126

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the protective effect of enhanced peroxisome proliferator activated receptor γ (PPARγ) pathway against apoptosis of long-term cultured primary nerve cells.@*METHODS@#A natural aging model was established in primary rat nerve cells by long-term culture for 22 days. The cells were divided into control group, 0.1, 1.0, 5.0, and 10 μmol/L GW9662 intervention groups, and 0.1, 1.0, 5.0, and 10 μmol/L pioglitazone intervention groups. The cell viability was assessed using MTT assay and the cell morphological changes were observed after the treatments to determine the optimal concentrations of GW9662 and pioglitazone. Double immunofluorescence labeling and flow cytometry were used to observe the changes in the number of viable cells and cell apoptosis following the treatments; immunocytochemical staining was used to assess the changes in the anti-oxidation ability of the treated cells.@*RESULTS@#The optimal concentrations of GW9662 and pioglitazone determined based on the cell viability and morphological changes were both 1 μmol/L. Compared with the control group, GW9662 treatment significantly lowered while pioglitazone significantly increased the total cell number and nerve cell counts ( < 0.05), and nerve cells in the cell cultures maintained a constant ratio at about 80% in all the groups ( > 0.05). GW9662 significantly enhanced while pioglitazone significantly lowered the cell apoptosis rates compared with the control group ( < 0.05). GW9662 obviously lowered SOD activity and GSH content in G group ( < 0.05) and increased MDA content in the cells ( < 0.05), and pioglitazone resulted in reverse changes in SOD, GSH and MDA contents in the cells ( < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Activation of PPARγ pathway protects long-term cultured primary nerve cells by enhancing cellular anti-oxidant capacity and reducing cell apoptosis, suggesting a potential strategy for anti-aging treatment of the nervous system through intervention of the PPARγ pathway.


Subject(s)
Anilides , Pharmacology , Animals , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Cell Survival , Cells, Cultured , Cellular Senescence , Physiology , Neurons , Cell Biology , PPAR gamma , Metabolism , Pioglitazone , Pharmacology , Rats
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843805

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the application of occipitocervical fusion and fixation in malformation of craniocervical junction surgery. Methods: Thirty-six consecutive patients with craniocervical junction malformation were decompressed under evoked-potential monitoring. Sixteen patients were treated with posterior occipitocervical fusion and fixation using Vertex screw-hook system, and 11 using Vertex screw-rod system, other patients using Mountaineer OCT spinal system. All patients were followed up for 2 to 12 years (mean 7 years). The recovery rate was analysed based on the scoring system of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA). Results: All the patients were followed up. A stable bony fusion according to radiological criteria was achieved in all cases. There was no implant broken and dislocation. The improvement rate according to JOA scoring system were evaluated. Twenty-four cases (66.7%) got cured; 4 cases (11.1%) had remarkable effects; 8 cases (22.2%) were effective; none was ineffective. Conclusion: Occipitocervical stabilizations hope to be restored through occipitocervical fusion and fixation. Good results can be obtained in most patients with complete radiological data, proper surgery indication, suitable surgical modality and internal fixation materials.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-843545

ABSTRACT

Objective • To study how to localize the internal auditory canal in the middle cranial fossa approach in Chinese using CT reconstruction technique. Methods • Forty-four cases (88 sides) of normal temporal bone CT data were selected, including 22 males and 22 females. The anatomical structures of the middle cranial fossa including the skull base, the internal auditory canal and the superior semicircular canal were reconstructed in 3D. The angle between great superficial petrosal nerve and internal auditory canal, the angle between superior semicircular canal and internal auditory canal and the osseous thickness above internal auditory canal were measured. The angle and distance were statistically analyzed in different sex and side groups. Results • On the reconstructed 3D middle cranial base, the arcuate eminence could only be identified in 43% cases. The angle between great superficial petrosal nerve and internal auditory canal was 51.46˚±9.28˚; the angle between superior semicircular canal and internal auditory canal was 49.22˚±7.32˚; the osseous thickness above internal auditory canal was (4.38±0.97) mm. No gender or side difference was noticed. Conclusion • There are significant individual differences in angulation and distance between the internal auditory canal and its related anatomical structures. CT reconstruction technique is helpful for accurate localization of the internal auditory canal.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695619

ABSTRACT

Objective·To study the application of occipitocervical fusion and fixation in malformation of craniocervical junction surgery.Methods·Thirty-six consecutive patients with craniocervical junction malformation were decompressed under evoked-potential monitoring.Sixteen patients were treated with posterior occipitocervical fusion and fixation using Vertex screw-hook system,and 11 using Vertex screw-rod system,other patients using Mountaineer OCT spinal system.All patients were followed up for 2 to 12 years (mean 7 years).The recovery rate was analysed based on the scoring system of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA).Results·All the patients were followed up.A stable bony fusion according to radiological criteria was achieved in all cases.There was no implant broken and dislocation.The improvement rate according to JOA scoring system were evaluated.Twenty-four cases (66.7%) got cured;4 cases (11.1%) had remarkable effects;8 cases (22.2%) were effective;none was ineffective.Conclusion·Occipitocervical stabilizations hope to be restored through occipitocervical fusion and fixation.Good results can be obtained in most patients with complete radiological data,proper surgery indication,suitable surgical modality and internal fixation materials.

14.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 405-408, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693911

ABSTRACT

Anti-Müllerian tube hormone(AMH), also known as Müllerian inhibitory substances, is a member of the transformation system. In males, AMH is secreted by immature Sertoli cell which promotes the degradation of male fetal Müllerian tubes,and participates in testicular development and spermatogenesis.AMH can regulate gona-dotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH), pituitary secretes follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH),testicular stromal cells secrete testosterone(T) and inhibin B causes male reproductive endocrine related diseases through HPG axis.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691345

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of puerarin on methyl-CpG binding protein 2 (MeCP2) phosphorylation (pMeCP2) in the hippocampus of a rat model of vascular dementia (VD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-six healthy Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to the sham-operated group, dementia group and puerarintreated group using a random number table (n=12 per group). The modifified permanent bilateral common carotid artery occlusion method was used to establish the VD model. The sham-operated and dementia groups were given 2 mL/d of saline, while the puerarin-treated group was given 100 mg/(kg•d) of puerarin for 17 days. The learning and memory abilities were evaluated by the Morris water maze test. Hematoxylin-eosin staining, immunohistochemical (IHC) staining and Western blot analysis were carried out to observe changes in neuron morphology and in level of pMeCP2 in the hippocampus, respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The morphologies of rat hippocampal neurons in the puerarintreated group were markedly improved compared with the dementia group. The escape latency of the dementia group was significantly longer than the sham-operated group (P<0.05), while the puerarin-treated group was obviously shorter than the dementia group (P<0.05). Cross-platform times of the dementia group were signifificantly decreased compared with the sham-operated group (P<0.05), while the puerarin-treated group was obviously increased compared with the dementia group (P<0.05). IHC staining showed no significant difference in the number of MeCP2 positive cells among 3 groups (P>0.05). The number of pMeCP2 positive cells in the CA1 region of hippocampus in the dementia group was signifificantly increased compared with the sham-operated group, and the puerarin-treated group was signifificantly increased compared with the dementia group (both P<0.05). Western blot analysis showed no signifificant difference of MeCP2 expression among 3 groups (P>0.05). The expression of pMeCP2 in the dementia group was signifificantly increased compared with the sham-operated group, while it in the puerarin-treated group was signifificantly increased compared with the dementia group (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Puerarin could play a role in the protection of nerve cells through up-regulating pMeCP2 in the hippocampus, improving neuron morphologies, and enhancing learning and memory ablities in a rat model of VD.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Dementia, Vascular , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Hippocampus , Pathology , Isoflavones , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Memory , Methyl-CpG-Binding Protein 2 , Metabolism , Phosphorylation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Up-Regulation
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-732853

ABSTRACT

Topic selection of traditional Chinese medicine (including integrative medicine) graduate students were different from other topics, has its own characteristics and methods. This article summarizes the range of topics and research methods of TCM graduate students in the research of TCM clinical literatures. The study found that TCM clinical literature research can be divided into the disease nomenclature, theoretical origin and connotation research, literature research based on the characteristics of different TCM academic schools, understanding of disease and zheng-treatment law of traditional Chinese medicine academic dynastic history, ancient famous medical academic ideas and clinical evidence Empirical research, based on a series of ancient traditional Chinese medical books researches, traditional Chinese medical case studies. Each aspect has its own characteristics and methodological choices based on commonalities research. The research process is also different, but it is important to choose a good point for different TCM clinical problems or diseases, and to formulate a research content to adapt to the norms of research programs to ensure that the purpose of a clear, standardized processes, and make the results reliable.

17.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 348-352, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705045

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of taurine-magnesium coordination compound (TMCC) on elec-trocardiogram of isolated guinea pig hearts, hoping to describe a primary research on its characteristic of anti-short QT syndrome. Methods The isolated guinea pig heart was retrograde perfused using Langendorff tech-nique. In order to determine the effects of TMCC on QT interval, transmural dispersion of repolarization, effective refractory period, instability of RR interval and instability of QT interval in the presence of potassi-um channel opener pinacidil, the electrocardiogram of isolated guinea pig hearts was recorded using Biopac physiological recorder. Results The shortened QT in-terval and the effective refractory period induced by pinacidil could be prolonged by TMCC; the increased transmural dispersion of repolarization induced by pinacidil could be decreased by TMCC; the increased instability of RR and QT interval induced by pinacidil could be decreased by TMCC. Conclusion TMCC has the effects of anti-SQT2 by prolonging the QT inter-val and the effective refractory period, reducing the transmural dispersion of repolarization and instability.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-608044

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe efficacy and safety of Yiqi Gubiao Pill combined with Pingchuan External Application Ointment for the treatment of COPD (lung-spleen qi deficiency type) at a stable stage. Methods A randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled method was used. Totally 266 cases of patients diagnosed with COPD lung-spleen qi deficiency syndrome were randomly divided into four groups. Experimental Ⅰ group (72 cases) was given Yiqi Gubiao Pill, 10 pills each time, three times a day, orally; at the same time, experimental Ⅰ group was given simulated Pingchuan External Application Ointment (blank medical bag), for Feishu (BL13), danzhong (RN17), Pishu (BL20), Fengmen (BL12), and Dingchuan, external application at 11am each day, external heating stickers, 4-6 h each time, twice a week. Experimental Ⅱ group (64 cases) was given simulated Yiqi Gubiao Pill combined with Pingchuan External Application Ointment. Experimental (64 cases) was givenⅢ Yiqi Gubiao Pill combined with Pingchuan External Application Ointment. Control group (66 cases) was given simulated Yiqi Gubiao Pill combined with simulated Pingchuan External Application Ointment. The treatment lasted for three months, and the follow-up was three months. TCM symptom scores, FEV1%, FVC%, CAT, BODE index, mMRC, and 6MWT were observed. Results After three-month treatment and three-month follow-up, the improvement of TCM symptom scores of the 3 experimental groups was better than the control group (P<0.05). The improvement of CAT, mMRC, BODE index, 6MWT, mMRC in the three treatment groups were better than the control group (P<0.05). The improvement of mMRC and BODE in experimental Ⅰ and Ⅱ groups were better than those of experimental group (Ⅲ P<0.05). After three-month treatment, the improvement of FVC% in the three experimental groups was better than the control group (P<0.05). The improvement of FEV1% in the experimental Ⅱ and groups was better than the control groupⅢ(P<0.05). Conclusion Yiqi Gubiao Pill combined with Pingchuan External Application Ointment has obvious efficacy for the treatment of COPD with lung-spleen qi deficiency type.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607321

ABSTRACT

Objective To reveal the effects of cold-dryness and modified Zhisou Power on epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and neutrophil elastase (NE) in rats with COPD. Methods COPD model was established with an elastase dose into the trachea combined with exposure to smoking for 90 d; cold-dryness COPD group was further developed by exposure to a cold, dry environment for 90 d. After 90 days, cold-dryness COPD rats was divided into cold-dryness group and Zhisou Power intervention group (treated with modified Zhisou Power for 7 days). On the 97th day, all rats were killed. Pathological changes in lungs were observed. mRNA and protein expression of EGFR were measured by RT-qPCR and Western blot, and the amount of NE in serum and BALF were examined by ELISA. Results EGFR mRNA and protein expression were significantly higher in COPD group, cold-dryness group and Zhisou Power intervention group than in control group. EGFR was significantly lower in Zhisou Power intervention group than in COPD group and cold-dryness group. NE was significantly higher in serum and BALF in COPD group, cold-dryness group and Zhisou Power intervention group than in control group. NE in BALF was significantly higher in cold-dryness group than in COPD group. NE in BALF was significantly lower in Zhisou Power intervention group than in cold-dryness group. Conclusion Modified Zhisou Power can down-regulate the expression of EGFR and the mount of NE in cold-dryness COPD rats to treat COPD.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662810

ABSTRACT

As a standard method for early stage prostate cancer, 125Ⅰ seed implantations are used widely in America. Although there are guidelines from American Brachytherapy Society and American Association of Physicists in Medicine, some hospitals still cannot implant the seeds properly according to the guidelines. Complications were observed inevitably. The medical events about seeds implantation in America from 2002 were investigated and the reasons were analyzed in this paper. Additionally, some solutions were given to avoid the medical events, so that the practitioners in China can learn from it and make sure the 125Ⅰ seeds implantation can be developed healthily and smoothly.

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