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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3090-3098, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999053

ABSTRACT

Sophorae Flavescentis Radix is the dried root of Sophora flavescens Ait. and Sophorae Tonkinensis Radix et Rhizoma is the dried root and rhizome of Sophora tonkinensis Gagnep. The two drugs are both from the same genus Sophora, having similar and different compositions and efficacies, however, their differences are not fully demonstrated in current standard. In this study, the high-performance thin-layer chromatography with multi-dimensional and multi-level features combined with electric spray mass spectrometry (HPTLC-ESI-MS) was used to discover and identify the characteristic zones in extracts of Sophorae Flavescentis Radix and Sophorae Tonkinensis Radix et Rhizoma, after optimizing the preparation method of the test solution and chromatographic parameters. As a result, 17 main characteristic zones were found on HPTLC chromatograms of Sophorae Flavescentis Radix and Sophorae Tonkinensis Radix et Rhizoma, among them, besides 3 known chemicals, another 12 unknown components were identified by HPTLC-ESI-MS, they are 1 alkaloid and 11 flavonoids. The identification results were verified by the reference standards partially and nuclear magnetic resonance spectra after guided-isolation. Finally, a unified HPTLC specific identification method with different markers was established to identify Sophorae Flavescentis Radix and Sophorae Tonkinensis Radix et Rhizoma simultaneously. Thanks to abundant chemical information provided when using diverse polarity mobile phases and derivatization reagents, the HPTLC technology offers a convenient strategy for discovery, quality evaluation, and identification of target chemicals when connecting with mass spectrometry.

2.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 568-576, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986963

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of Akt2 inhibitor on macrophage polarization in the periapical tissue in a rat model of periapical inflammation.@*METHODS@#Rat models of periapical inflammation were established in 28 normal SD rats by opening the pulp cavity of the mandibular first molars, followed by injection of normal saline and Akt2 inhibitor into the left and right medullary cavities, respectively. Four rats without any treatment served as the healthy control group. At 7, 14, 21 and 28 days after modeling, 7 rat models and 1 control rat were randomly selected for observation of inflammatory infiltration in the periapical tissues by X-ray and HE staining. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression and localization of Akt2, macrophages and the inflammatory mediators. RT-PCR was performed to detect the mRNA expressions of Akt2, CD86, CD163, inflammatory mediators, miR-155-5p and C/EBPβ to analyze the changes in macrophage polarization.@*RESULTS@#X-ray and HE staining showed that periapical inflammation was the most obvious at 21 days after modeling in the rats. Immunohistochemistry and RT-PCR showed that compared with those in the control rats, the expressions of Akt2, CD86, CD163, miR-155-5p, C/EBPβ, and IL-10 increased significantly in the rat models at 21 days (P < 0.05). Compared with saline treatment, treatment with the Akt2 inhibitor significantly decreased the expression levels of Akt2, CD86, miR-155-5p and IL-6 and the ratio of CD86+M1/CD163+M2 macrophages (P < 0.05) and increased the expression levels of CD163, C/EBPβ and IL-10 in the rat models (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Inhibition of Akt2 can delay the progression of periapical inflammation in rats and promote M2 macrophage polarization in the periapical inflammatory microenvironment possibly by reducing miR-155-5p expression and activating the expression of C/EBPβ in the Akt signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , MicroRNAs/genetics , Interleukin-10 , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Macrophages/metabolism , Inflammation/metabolism
3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2041-2058, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981336

ABSTRACT

Glechomae Herba, the dried aerial part of Glechoma longituba(Labiatae), has the effects of promoting urination, draining dampness, and relieving stranguria. It has received wide attention in recent years owing to the satisfactory efficacy on lithiasis. Amid the in-depth chemical and pharmacological research, it has been found that Glechomae Herba has antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antithrombotic, hepatoprotective, cholagogic, antitumor, hypoglycemic, and lipid-lowering effects. The main chemical constituents are volatile oils, flavonoids, terpenoids, phenylpropanoids, and organic acids. This paper summarized the chemical constituents and pharmacological effects of Glechomae Herba. Based on genetic relationship of plants, the characteristics, efficacy, and pharmacokinetics of the chemical constituents, and the potential of these constituents as quality markers(Q-markers), it was summed up that ursolic acid, caffeic acid, rosmarinic acid, luteolin-7-O-diglucuronide, apigenin, apigenin-7-O-diglucuronide, apigetrin, and glechone can be the candidate Q-markers of Glechomae Herba.


Subject(s)
Apigenin , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Lamiaceae , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Flavonoids/pharmacology
4.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 1144-1149, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991875

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of different doses of simvastatin and atorvastatin combined with trimetazidine on blood lipids and cardiac function in patients with chronic heart failure.Methods:A total of 100 patients with chronic heart failure who received treatment in Jinan Second People's Hospital from September 2019 to August 2021 were included in this study. These patients were divided into three groups according to different treatment methods: group A ( n = 33), group B ( n = 33), and group C ( n = 34). Group A was treated with a conventional dose of simvastatin combined with trimetazidine. Group B was treated with a high dose of simvastatin combined with trimetazidine. Group C was treated with atorvastatin combined with trimetazidine. All patients were treated for 6 months. Cardiac function, blood lipids, inflammatory factors, and excellent and good rates of therapeutic effects post-treatment were compared between the three groups. The adverse events during the treatment were recorded. Results:There were no significant differences in blood lipids, cardiac function, inflammatory factors, and excellent and good rates of therapeutic effects between the two groups (all P > 0.05). After 6 months of treatment, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol [(1.99 ± 0.25) mmol/L, (2.01 ± 0.16) mmol/L] and left ventricular ejection fraction [(51.29 ± 4.15)%, (51.37 ± 4.44)%] in groups B and C were significantly higher than those in group A [(1.52 ± 0.16) mmol/L, (42.28 ± 4.86)%, t = 9.10, 6.24; 8.10, 11.38, all P < 0.05). Caspase-1 [(42.33 ± 3.19) ng/L, (41.87 ± 3.55) ng/L], interleukin-18 [(54.55 ± 4.39) ng/L, (53.98 ± 4.45) ng/L], left ventricular end-systolic diameter [(35.13 ± 2.13) mm, (35.68 ± 2.46) mm], left ventricular end-diastolic diameter [(44.39 ± 3.65) mm, (44.42 ± 3.32) mm], low-density lipoprotein cholesterol [(2.69 ± 0.39) mmol/L, (2.57 ± 0.13) mmol/L], total cholesterol [(3.79 ± 0.13 ) mmol/L, (3.56 ± 0.69) mmol/L], triacylglycerol [(1.12 ± 0.05) mmol/L, (1.10 ± 0.07) mmol/L] levels in groups B and C were significantly lower than those in group A [(68.41 ±10.23) ng/L, (88.37 ± 6.65) ng/L, (42.63 ± 3.13) mm, (51.68 ± 5.42) mm, (3.13 ± 0.11) mmol/L, (4.21 ± 0.11) mmol/L, (1.51 ± 0.11) mmol/L, t = -13.98, -24.38, -14.27, -24.95, -6.41, -5.64, -8.00, -10.12, -14.17, -18.54, -12.53, -19.01, -5.35, -18.26, all P < 0.05]. 6-minute walking distances [(352.19 ± 25.4) m, (351.74 ± 24.29) m] in groups B and C were significantly longer than that in group A [(319.71 ± 21.11) m, t = 6.63, 5.75, both P < 0.05). The excellent and good rates at 3 and 6 months after surgery in group B was significantly higher than that in group A ( χ2 = 4.00, 4.16, both P < 0.05), but the incidence of adverse reactions in group B [18.18% (6/33)] was significantly higher than 3.03% (1/33) in group A and 2.94% (1/34) in group C (both P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse reactions between group A and group C ( P > 0.05). Conclusion:Atorvastatin and high-dose simvastatin alone combined with trimetazidine can achieve good therapeutic effects on chronic heart failure. Both combined therapies are beneficial to improve heart function and reduce myocardial damage. However, atorvastatin combined with trimetazidine is safer than high-dose simvastatin combined with trimetazidine.

5.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 1057-1062, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005634

ABSTRACT

Patient experience is an important window for modern hospital management and medical service quality, and also an important point for humanistic hospital construction. Improving patient experience is of great significance for constructing harmonious doctor-patient relationship and improving patients’ satisfaction and sense of gain. Based on the perspective of patient experience improvement, this paper analyzed the core value of "patient demand first" of Mayo Clinic and the operational experience of Cleveland Medical Center Patient Experience Office, and applied them to the cultivation of humanistic hospital culture in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University. Based on the concept of "strengthening patient demand orientation", with the goal of "building a high-quality patient service system and significantly improving patient satisfaction", through building education platforms for medical ethics and medical humanism, exploring the medical humanism dissemination mode for medical staff, and carrying out the humanism literacy cultivation practice in the training camp for improving hospital service efficiency, the humanistic cultural atmosphere of the hospital has been further enhanced, and the patient satisfaction has been steadily improved. It provides reference for the cultivation of humanistic literacy and the construction of new culture in public hospitals in the context of high-quality development.

6.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 422-425, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958387

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarise the clinical experience in replantation of the severed auricle distal to helix with microsurgical technique.Methods:From December 2018 to October 2021, a total of 5 patients with severed auricle injury were treated in the Department of Hand and Foot Surgery of The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University. They were 4 males and 1 female with 23-62 years old. After complete debridement of the auricular pinna, the retrograde replantation method was used. For arteries: a dorsal vein of the foot was used to bridge the posterior auricular artery. For veins: 2 patients had the veins directly anastomosed, 2 had the arteriovenous bridging to the posterior ear vein with dorsal foot veins, and the veins in 1 case were not anastomosed. Among the patients, 2 developed venous occlusions after severed auricle, and were treated with bloodletting through small incision at the skin margin. Two patients who received the arteriovenous of the severed auriclse achieved good blood supply. All the patients underwent treatments including anti-freezing, anti-spasm and anti-infection after the emergency surgery. The follow-ups were conducted regularly by telephone and by display photos via WeChat after surgery.Results:All 5 severed auricles were successfully replanted and survived. Postoperative follow-up ranged from 3 months to 2 years, with an average of 10 months. In the 2 cases with venous crisis, the auricles had mild atrophy. All auricles had no obvious pigmentation, and had the sensation recovery back to normal in 1 year after surgery.Conclusion:The pre-judgment of blood vessel quality and high-quality microsurgery skills are the necessary pre-conditions for auricle replantation. For replantation of severed auricle, it is the key to prevent vascular crisis by having the injured blood vessels thoroughly removed.

7.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 859-862, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958152

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the correlation of fetal cervical cystic hygroma (CCH) with chromosomal and structural abnormalities and to assess the prognosis of CCH.Methods:This study retrospectively enrolled 70 fetuses with CCH diagnosed by prenatal ultrasound in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiao Tong University from July 2015, to December 2021. According to whether complicated by structural malformations or other anomalies, all the subjects were divided into the non-isolated and isolated CCH groups. The correlation of CCH and the gestational age at detection with chromosomal and structural abnormalities were analyzed and the prognosis of the cases were summarized using Chi-square test. Results:There were 34 isolated CCH (34/70, 49%) and 36 non-isolated CCH (36/70, 51%) among the 70 cases. In the non-isolated CCH group, there were eight cases (22%, 8/36) with abnormal heart structure, ten (28%, 10/36) with abnormal anterior abdominal wall, 16 (44%,16/36) with systemic edema and/or pleural effusion, one (3%,1/36) with craniocerebral abnormalities and one with holoprosencephaly and cardiac structural abnormalities. Eighteen out of 44 cases undergoing chromosome testing had chromosomal abnormalities, which were trisomy-18 ( n=6), trisomy-21 ( n=3), trisomy-13 ( n=3), 45,XO ( n=3), and chromosome segment duplication or deletion ( n=3). The detection rate of chromosome abnormality was higher in non-isolated CCH group comparing with isolated CCH group [59%(13/22) vs 23%(5/22), χ2=6.02, P=0.014]. There was no significant difference in the gestational age at the detection of CCH or proportion of women of advanced maternal age between the isolated and non-isolated CCH groups (both P>0.05). The ratios of isolated CCH cases with normal chromosome detected at the gestational weeks of 14-27 +6 was higher than those detected at 11-13 +6 weeks [62%(13/21) vs 17%(4/23), χ2=7.39, P=0.001]. Out of the 17 cases with isolated CCH and normal chromosomes, 12 were live births. One of the 12 cases still had a cystic mass with a diameter of 3 cm in the neck nine months after birth, and the other 11 cases had no mass at birth but one case died at the age of five months (hospitalized one week for neonatal edema),one case was found with anal atresia three days after birth and underwent operation and the remaining nine cases were normal during five months to six years follow-up. Conclusions:Non-isolated CCH is at a higher risk of chromosomal abnormalities. Isolated CCH cases detected later had higher rate of normal chromosome and often have a higher survival rate.

8.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2203-2208, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954994

ABSTRACT

Objective:Analysis of influencing factors of enteral nutrition interruption in critically ill patients in general surgery department and its impact on prognosis.Methods:A total of 91 cases of critically ill patients in general surgery department were selected who were admitted to the general surgery of General Hospital of Eastern Theater Command of the Chinese People′s Liberation Army in Nanjing from June 2021 to March 2022 by convenient sampling method, demographic and enteral nutrition interruption data were collected,and patients were divided into enteral nutrition interruption group and enteral nutrition uninterrupted group to investigate the analysis of the factors of affecting enteral nutrition interruption and its impact on prognosis by Logistic regression analysis.Results:There were 59 cases in the enteral nutrition interruption group and 32 cases in the enteral nutrition uninterrupted group. There were statistically significant differences in gender, analgesic and sedatives, Gastro-kinetic agent and feeding intolerance between both groups ( χ2 values were 4.51-9.97, all P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis results showed that gender ( OR=4.566, 95%CI 1.332-15.657, P<0.05), analgesic and sedatives ( OR=3.437, 95%CI 1.112-10.621, P<0.05), and feeding intolerance ( OR=4.116, 95%CI 1.257-13.479, P<0.05) were the factors of enteral nutrition interruption. There were statistically significant differences between the two groups in the number of days of enteral nutrition up to goal in 3 days, 3-7 days and 7 days, albumin,length of stay in intensive care unit, total length of stay and hospitalization expenses between both groups ( Z values were -2.80 - -0.73, all P<0.05). Conclusions:Female, analgesic and sedatives and feeding intolerance are the risk factors of enteral nutrition interruption in critically ill patients in general surgery department, and enteral nutrition interruption has an adverse impact on the prognosis.Medical staff should avoid excessive use of analgesic and sedatives, and do well in feeding tolerance management to reduce the occurrence of enteral nutrition interruption.

9.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 762-771, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015691

ABSTRACT

Ubiquitination is a reversible post-translational modification that regulates protein stability and plays a function in numerous signaling pathways. Deubiquitinases play important roles in the regulation of the occurrence and development of different cancers. In this study, we analyzed the survival and prognosis of liver cancer patients according to the expression levels of 63 deubiquitinases. Results discovered that JOSD2 expression in tumor was significantly higher than that in the adjacent tissue (P<0. 0001) and was negatively associated with overall survival of patients (P < 0. 05). JOSD2 is a deubiquitinase from MJD sub-family. Other members of this sub-family were not correlated with liver cancer. The pathways related to cell proliferation were significantly enriched (FDR < 0. 05) in a differential gene function enrichment analysis of JOSD2 high-expressing samples in TCGA data. In hepatoma cell lines, we demonstrated that the overexpression of JOSD2 significantly enhances cell survival, migration and invasion. In conclusion, this study found that JOSD2 is highly expressed in liver cancer (P = 0. 041), and that patients with high-expressed JOSD2 have significantly shorter overall survival. Furthermore, overexpression of JOSD2 can promote the survival and metastasis of hepatoma cells (P < 0. 01), which suggests that JOSD2 might promote the survival and metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma.

10.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 689-697, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015269

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between changes in protein tyrosine kinase 7 (PTK7) and receptor tyrosine kinase-like orphan receptor 2 ( ROR2) expression in the brainstem and the pathogenesis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Methods Forty-four human superoxide dismutase 1( hSODl)-G93A mutant ALS transgenic mice were selected, and an equal number of wild-type littermates was used as control. The brainstems were isolated at da)' 70, day 95, day 108 and da)' 122 after birth, and the morphology of frypoglossal nucleus (12N) and nucleus of facial nerve(7N) neurons in the brainstem of the model mice were observed by Nissl staining. The mRNA and protein expression of PTK7 and ROR2 were detected by RT-PCR and Western blotting respectively, and the cellular localization and distribution of PTK7 and ROR2 in 12N and 7N were observed by immunofluorescence double-labeling technique. Results The result of Nissl staining showed that Nissl bodies in the neurons reduced distinctly with vacuolar degeneration of neurons, cell body atrophy and nuclear volume reduction in the 12N and 7N brainstems of ALS transgenic mice. RT-PCR result indicated that ROR2 and PTK7 mRNA level in the brainstem of ALS transgenic mice were up-regulated at da)' 70, da)' 95, day 108 and day 122 compared with wild-type littermates. Western blotting result showed that PTK7 protein was up-regulated at day 70, day 95, day 108 and day 122, ROR2 protein was up-regulated at day 70, day 95, day 108, and down-regulated at day 122 in the brainstem of ALS transgenic mice compared with wild-type littermates. Immunofluorescence result showed that ROR2/neuronal nuclei (NeuN)and PTK7/NeuN double positive cells, ROR2/glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and PTK7/GFAP double positive cells were observed in the 12N and 7N of the brainstem of ALS transgenic mice and wild-type mice, suggesting that ROR2 and PTK7 were expressed both in neurons and astrocytes. Conclusion PTK7 and ROR2 are abnormally expressed in the brainstem of ALS transgenic mice, which is closely related to the pathogenesis of ALS.

11.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 41-45, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935637

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the etiologies and clinical characteristics of fever of unknown origin (FUO) and to provide clues for early diagnosis of FUO. Methods: The data about etiology, age, sex, clinical course, length of hospital stays and the expression levels of inflammatory factors in fever phase of 357 pediatric inpatients who were diagnosed with FUO in Children's Hospital of Fudan University from 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2020 were collected and retrospectively analyzed. Participants were grouped into infectious disease, inflammatory disease, malignancy and others and according to the classification of diseases and also grouped into those aged<1 year, 1-<3 years,3-<6 years, 6-<12 years and 12-<18 years. Comparisons between groups were performed using the Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal-Wallis H test and χ² test. Results: Among the 357 patients (217 males and 140 females). The age of onset was 3.9 (1.3, 9.2) years and visiting age was 5.1 (2.0, 9.3) years. The time-consuming of diagnosis was 94 (66, 213) days. The hospital stay was 8 (6, 14) days. The most frequently identified cause of FUO was infectious diseases (163 cases, 45.7%), followed by non-infectious inflammatory diseases (133 cases, 37.2%), malignancy (21 cases, 5.9%) and others (40 cases, 11.2%). The patients at younger age were more likely to be attacked by malignancy, oncologic diagnoses, and others, nevertheless patients at older age were more likely to be attacked by non-infectious inflammatory diseases oppositely (9.8 (3.6, 11.5) vs. 3.0 (1.2, 7.0), 2.3 (1.0, 5.2), 0.9 (0.5, 1.8) years, U=41.30, 15.94, 37.08, all P<0.01);106 (65%) patients were male, and 57 (35%) patients were female. This result indicated that boys were more susceptible to infectious diseases (χ²=14.73, P<0.01). Analysis of inflammatory factors in serum among 103 patients, interleukin (IL)-6 level in 40 infectious diseases patients (9 (2, 38) ng/L) was significantly lower than those of 6 tumor patients (89 (64, 599) ng/L) and 57 non-infectious inflammatory diseases patients (25 (8, 78) ng/L, U=51.05, 15.70, both P<0.05), no significant difference was observed in IL-2, IL-4, IL-10, tumor necrosis factor α and interferon among the groups (all P>0.05). The patients grouped into those aged 1-<3 years and 3-<6 years were more likely to be attacked by infectious diseases (51.3% (59/115) and 57.1% (40/70)), while patients grouped into those aged 6-<12 years and 12-<18 years were more likely to be attacked by non-infectious inflammatory diseases (55.6% (65/117) and 72.4% (21/29)). Conclusions: Infectious disease is still the main cause of FUO in children and the boys are more susceptible to infectious diseases. However, the morbidity of non-infectious inflammatory diseases increases to number 1 in FUO of children over 6 years of age.


Subject(s)
Aged , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Communicable Diseases/complications , Fever of Unknown Origin/etiology , Length of Stay , Neoplasms/complications , Retrospective Studies
12.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 329-333, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932476

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application and effect of multidisciplinary collaboration in patients with tophi during perioperative period.Methods:Forty-five patients undergoing tophaceous gout surgery in our hospital from May to October 2020 were selected as the control group and treated with routine treatment.From November 2020 to April 2021, 41 patients undergoing tophaceous gout surgery in our hospital who were treated with multidisciplinary collaboration management mode were included as the intervention group. Postoperative pain, blood uric acid level, hospitalization expenses, hospitalization days and patient satisfaction were compared between the two groups.Results:After implementing the multidisciplinary integration man-agement mode, the pain score of the patients at 4 hours, 1 day and 3 days after operation was lower than that of the control group [(3.6±1.0) vs (4.1±1.0), t=2.33, P=0.022; (2.5±0.8) vs (3.0±0.6), t=3.85, P<0.001; (1.8±0.5) vs (2.2±0.7), t=3.52, P<0.001], the serum uric acid level was significantly lower than that of the control group at 1 month and 3 months after operation [(355±58) vs (3928±39), t=3.50, P=0.001; (316±48) vs (366±47), t=4.84, P<0.001], the hospitalization days and hospitalization expenses were significantly decreased [(8.90±2.48) d vs (10.62±3.96) d, t=2.44, P=0.017; (1.00±0.13) ten thousand yuan vs (1.11±0.17) ten thousand yuan, t=3.34, P=0.001], and the patient satisfaction was markedly improved (97.6% vs 82.2%, χ2=3.87, P=0.049). Conclusion:The multi-disciplinary collaboration mode in patients with tophi during perioperative period can effectively reduce the postoperative pain, improve the quality of care, promote reha-bilitation, improve the outcome, and reduce the economic burden of patients, which is worthy of popularization and being applied in clinic.

13.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1141-1146, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921939

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical outcomes and complications of hip arthroscopic treatment for femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) performed with either Inside-out or Outside-in approach.@*METHODS@#The clinical date of 48 patients with FAI treated by hip arthroscopy surgery and follow-up from June 2016 to June 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the different operative methods, the patients were divided into two groups. Inside-out group, from central compartment to peripheral compartment;Outside-in group, from peripheral compartment to central compartment. There were 14 males and 10 females in Inside-out group with an averageage of (39.8±7.6)years old, 13 males and 11 females in Inside-out group with an average age of (39.5±9.1)years old in Outside-in group. There was no significant difference in age, gender, body mass index, side, impingement type, medical history and follow-up time between the two groups. The complication occurrence rate, modified Harris hip score (mHHS)and nonarthritic hip score (NAHS) were compared between these two groups.@*RESULTS@#The mHHs and NAHS scores of the two groups were significantly higher than those before operation, but there was no significant difference between the two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Both hip arthroscopic surgery methods can obtain satisfactory clinical efficacy in the treatment of FAI, but the incidence of postoperative complications of Outside-in surgical method is lower. The out-side in method can be preferentially selected for the patients with the indications of operation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Arthroscopy , Femoracetabular Impingement/surgery , Follow-Up Studies , Hip Joint/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
14.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1798-1803, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906808

ABSTRACT

Objective@#In this study, a meta analysis was conducted to evaluate and compare the effects of different types of interval training, such as, repeated sprint training(RST), high intensity interval training(HIIT) and sprint interval training(SIT) on body index of overweight/obese college students and the effect of moderate intensity continuous training(MICT), so as to provide a reference for taking appropriate exercise measures.@*Methods@#The data was searched and selected from the database of Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus, The Cochrane Library and CNKI, and from the articles about random research on the effects of HIIT, SIT, RST, and MICT on overweight/obese college students for the evaluation of bias risk. And Stata 16.0 software was used for Meta analysis and network analysis.@*Results@#Totally 815 samples selected from 18 articles were included in the study. Meta analysis showed that HIIT( SMD=-0.26, 95%CI =-0.52--0.00, P <0.05) and SIT( SMD=-0.39, 95%CI =-0.72--0.07, P <0.05) could make greater effects on BMI than MICT. The differences between RST and MICT were of no statistical significance( SMD=0.28, 95%CI =0.32-0.87, P >0.05). According to the SUCRA method combined with effect size, the best effect on improving MetS related physiological indexes of overweight college students was found in SIT( SUCRA =79.3), followed by HIIT( SUCRA =78.2), RST( SUCRA =56.8), and MICT( SUCRA =35.7).@*Conclusion@#Compared with MICT, high intensity interval training can greatly improve BMI of the obese/overweight college students, and could achieve the optimal effect of reducing the fat by exercising through SIT.

15.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 26-28,32, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799129

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To research the effect of Qishenghuoxue granules in the treatment of sepsis combined with myocardial injury.@*Methods@#A total of 63 patients with sepsis combined with myocardial injury were randomly divided into two groups: 33 cases in control group (conventional therapy for 7 d) and 30 cases in observation group (Qishenhuoxue granule for 7 d). Thromboxane A2 (TXA2), prostaglandin I2 (PGI2), endothelin 1 (ET-1) and other cytokines were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). At the same time blood pressure, pulse, echocardiography were recorded. The mortality rate at the 28th day and the above values were statistically analyzed.@*Results@#On the 7th day after the intervention of Qishenhuoxue granule, N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptid (NT-proBNP) and troponin T (TNT) in the observation group and the control group were significantly lower than those on the 1st day, but there was no significant difference between the two groups at the same time point (P>0.05); On the 7th day after the intervention of Qishenhuoxue granule, the levels of angiotensin Ⅱ (Ang-Ⅱ) and ET-1 in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group (P<0.01), but there was no significant difference between the two groups in cardiac function index and 28 day mortality.@*Conclusions@#The Chinese herbal preparation Qishenhuoxue granule could reduce the blood levels of Ang-Ⅱ and ET-1, but its effect on improving myocardial injury is still worthy of further study.

16.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 26-28,32, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867197

ABSTRACT

Objective To research the effect of Qishenghuoxue granules in the treatment of sepsis combined with myocardial injury.Methods A total of 63 patients with sepsis combined with myocardial injury were randomly divided into two groups:33 cases in control group (conventional therapy for 7 d) and 30 cases in observation group (Qishenhuoxue granule for 7 d).Thromboxane A2 (TXA2),prostaglandin I2 (PGI2),endothelin 1 (ET-1) and other cytokines were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).At the same time blood pressure,pulse,echocardiography were recorded.The mortality rate at the 28th day and the above values were statistically analyzed.Results On the 7th day after the intervention of Qishenhuoxue granule,N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptid (NT-proBNP) and troponin T (TNT) in the observation group and the control group were significantly lower than those on the 1 st day,but there was no significant difference between the two groups at the same time point (P >0.05);On the 7th day after the intervention of Qishenhuoxue granule,the levels of angiotensin Ⅱ (Ang-Ⅱ) and ET-1 in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group (P < 0.01),but there was no significant difference between the two groups in cardiac function index and 28 day mortality.Conclusions The Chinese herbal preparation Qishenhuoxue granule could reduce the blood levels of Ang-Ⅱ and ET-1,but its effect on improving myocardial injury is still worthy of further study.

17.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 128-129, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871532

ABSTRACT

To report a case of completely amputated ear beyond the anthelix with a severe cross section contusion. After the inspection and exclusion of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) as per prevention and control procedure, an ear replantation surgery was performed under strict protective measures. At 2 week of followed-up, the replanted auricle survived well and the left ear showed a good appearance.

18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 2039-2045, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880012

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effect of Sheng-Xue-Xiao-Ban Capsule (SXXBC) and indirubin to the peripheral platelets of the Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) model mouse.@*METHODS@#The ITP mouse model was established by the method of passive immunization. SXXBC and indirubin were used for intervention treatment. Then the hemorrhagic phenomena of ITP mice were observed and the numbers of peripheral platelets, hemoglobin and white blood cells, bone marrow megakaryocytes and their classification and coagulation function were detected and compared.@*RESULTS@#The improvement rate of hemorrhage in SXXBC group was 40% for small dose, 60% for medium dose and 80% for high dose, while the improvement rate of hemorrhage in indirubin group was 30% for small dose, 50% for medium dose and 60% for high dose. There was no statistically significant difference in the improvement rate of hemorrhage between the two groups (P>0.05). Compared with the model control group, PLT and Hb increased in different doses of SXXBC and indirubin group 4th-8th day after drug intervention (P<0.05, 0.01). However, there was no significant difference between the different doses of SXXBC group and indirubin group (P>0.05). Compared with the model control group, the WBC in each group was significantly lower (P<0.05, 0.01) on the 4th-8th day after drug intervention; However, there was no statistical significance between the two groups of SXXBC and indirubin (P>0.05). Compared with the model control group, the total number of megakaryocytes in each treatment group were decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01), in which the number of primary megakaryocytes in the large and medium dose groups of SXXBC and indirubin were decreased (P<0.05, 0.01), and the number of juvenile megakaryocytes in the large dose group of SXXBC and indirubin were also decreased (P<0.05). The number of granular megakaryocytes were decreased in each intervention groups (P<0.05, 0.01), and the number of thromocytogenic megakaryocyte was increased in the high and medium dose groups of SXXBC and indirubin (P<0.01). The time of prothrombin was shortened in the high and medium dose groups of SXXBC and indirubin (P<0.05), and the fibrinogen (FIB) content in the high and medium dose groups of SXXBC was close to that of the normal control group.@*CONCLUSION@#Both of the SXXBC and the indirubin standard all show good hemostatic effects. Indirubin shows a positive effect on increasing the peripheral platelet and hemoglobin in ITP model mice, regulating the immune response, reducing the total number of bone marrow megakaryocytes, increasing the thromocytogenic megakaryocyte, and increasing coagulation function.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Blood Platelets , Capsules , Indoles , Megakaryocytes , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic/drug therapy
19.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 55: e17240, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019531

ABSTRACT

Iguratimod (IGU, also known as T-614), a novel disease modifying antirheumatic drug intended to cure patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of IGU on the pharmacokinetics of CYP2C9 probe drug diclofenac and its metabolite 4′-hydroxy diclofenac in vivo and in vitro. In in vivo experiments, 24 rats were randomly assigned to three groups consisting of the control group (Normal saline), low dose IGU group (10 mg/kg) and high dose IGU group (30 mg/kg). Blood samples were collected from orbital sinuses vein before 1 hour and serial times of giving diclofenac (15 mg/kg) to all the rats. Plasma concentration of diclofenac and its metabolite 4´-hydroxy diclofenac were assayed by high performance liquid chromatography. Pharmacokinetic parameters were assessed by Winnonlin 6.4 pharmacokinetic software. Moreover, in vitro studies were performed in recombinant human CYP2C9 yeast cell system. IGU at low dose showed no significant differences in the pharmacokinetic parameters of diclofenac and 4-hydroxy diclofenac in vivo when compared with control group (p>0.005). However, at the high dose of IGU, the pharmacokinetic parameters of 4´-hydroxy metabolite of diclofenac increase in half-life (T1/2) and mean area under the curve (AUC0→24), while a decrease in mean clearance (CL, mL/h/kg) and volume of distribution Vz (mL/kg). In addition, in in vitro study, high doses of IGU reduces the metabolism rate of diclofenac. IGU at high dose significantly increase the pharmacokinetics parameters of 4´-hydroxy diclofenac in rats. Additionally, it also showed the potent inhibitory effect on diclofenac metabolism in recombinant human CYP2C9 yeast cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Rats , Diclofenac/adverse effects , Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C9 , Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C9/pharmacokinetics , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/adverse effects , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/classification , In Vitro Techniques
20.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 56-62, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801865

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of Genkwa Flos on the thermosensitive channel, transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) by electrophysiological whole cell patch clamp technique and animal behavior experiment, in order to explore its mechanism. Method:The whole-cell patch clamp technique was used to measure transmembrane currents induced by 75%ethanol extract from different concentrations of Genkwa Flos in HEK293 cells that expressed human TRPV1.TRPV1 specific antagonist capsaicin was used to observe whether it could inhibit the transmembrane current induced by Genkwa Flos. Totally 30 C57BL/6 mice were taken for behavioral detection, and divided into blank group (6 mice), high-dose group (6 mice), medium-dose group (6 mice), low-dose group (6 mice) and ibuprofen positive control group (6 mice). Genkwa Flos treatment group was given low dose (0.195 g·kg-1·d-1), medium dose (0.39 g·kg-1·d-1) and high dose (0.78 g·kg-1·d-1) by gavage. One hour later, the changes of behavioral latency of cold pain and hot pain in mice were observed in cold plate at (0±2)℃ and hot plate at (55±1)℃. Result:Whole cell patch clamp experiment showed that 75%ethanol extract of Genkwa Flos in hTRPV1/HEK293 cells could activate TRPV1 channel to generate obvious transmembrane current, which was similar with that generated by the known TRPV1 agonist capsaicin in current density and current-voltage relationship. The dose-effect experiments showed that compared with extracellular fluid, 10 g·L-1 ethanol extract of Genkwa Flos could activate hTRPV1/HEK293 cells to induce significant transmembrane current (P-1 ethanol extract of Genkwa Flos was more than 3 g·L-1(P-1 ethanol extract of Genkwa Flos. In the experiment of cold plate and hot plate in mice, there was a dose-effect relationship between the latencies of cold pain behavior and hot pain behavior in mice prolonged by Genkwa Flos. In the experiment of cold plate, compared with the blank group, the cold pain behavior latency of mice in the medium-dose group was significantly prolonged (PPPPPConclusion:More than one TRPV1 agonist was included in 75%ethanol extract of Genkwa Flos. The warm, analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects of Genkwa Flos may be a series of effects after activation of TRPV1.

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