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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2059-2069, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887060

ABSTRACT

The active ingredients in traditional Chinese medicine have been reported to possess significant pharmacological activity and played an important role in clinical treatments. However, lots of the active ingredients in traditional Chinese medicine suffer from disadvantages such as low solubility, high melting point and low stability that results in low bioavailability and limit its clinical application. Crystal structure plays an important role in improving physicochemical properties and efficacy of the active ingredients in traditional Chinese medicine. This review concludes the research advances of several crystal forms used in the active ingredients in traditional Chinese medicine in terms of polymorph, cocrystal, amorphous/coamorphous and nanocrystal. And the effects of crystal forms on the physicochemical properties and efficacy of the active ingredients in traditional Chinese medicine were reviewed. This research may be useful for the formulation preparation and development of the active ingredients in traditional Chinese medicine.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885848

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between hyperreflective dots (HRD) and lipid levels and systemic inflammatory factors in patients with branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) or central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO).Methods:A cross-sectional clinical study. From December 2016 to June 2020, 118 eyes of 118 patients with retinal vein occlusion diagnosed in the Department of Ophthalmology, Central Theater Command Hospital of People's Liberation Army were included in the study. Among them, 67 cases of BRVO and 51 cases of CRVO were divided into CRVO group and BRVO group accordingly. Peripheral venous blood was drawn from the patients within 3 days after the eye examination to detect the percentage of neutrophils, monocytes, hypersensitive C-reactive protein (CRP), total cholesterol, triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and lipoprotein(a). The ratio of monocytes to high-density lipoprotein (MHR) was also calculated. The 3D OCT-2000 instrument from Topcon (Japan) was used to measure the central retinal thickness (CRT) and the numbers of HRD. According to the different distribution position, HRD is divided into inner retina HRD, outer retina HRD, and total retina HRD.The independent sample t test was used to compare the continuous variables of the two groups, and the χ2 test was used to compare the rates. The correlation between HRD counts and blood lipid levels and peripheral blood inflammation indicators in patients with different types of RVO was analyzed by Spearman correlation analysis. Results:The average age of patients in the BRVO group and CRVO group were 60.1±9.5 and 53.6±15.7 years, respectively; the prevalence of hypertension was 53.7% (36/67) and 24.5% (12/51), respectively. Comparison of age ( t=2.634) and prevalence of hypertension ( χ2=11.298) between the two groups showed statistically significant differences ( P<0.05). Gender ( χ2=2.000), course of disease ( t=-1.101), prevalence of diabetes ( χ2=1.315), eye category ( χ2=1.742), baseline visual acuity ( t=1.792), intraocular pressure ( t=0.708), CRT ( t=1.318), and peripheral blood include the percentage of neutrophils, the absolute number of monocytes, CRP, total cholesterol, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, lipoprotein(a), MHR ( t=-0.559, 1.126, 0.579, 1.299, -0.134, 0.556, 1.230, -0.267, 0.483), the difference was not statistically significant. Correlation analysis showed that the HRD counts in the outer retina of BRVO patients were positively correlated with total cholesterol ( r=0.289, P=0.036); the HRD in the inner retina and total HRD counts of CRVO patients were positively correlated with CRP ( r=0.406, 0.343; P=0.004, 0.014). There was no correlation between HRD counts and percentage of neutrophils, absolute number of monocytes, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein, low-density lipoprotein, lipoprotein(a), and MHR ( P>0.05). Conclusion:The number of HRD is related to the blood lipid level in BRVO patients and CRP (an inflammatory index) in CRVO patients.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883635

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application effect of case-based learning (CBL) in teaching magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for non-imaging clinical professional postgraduates.Methods:Eighty non-imaging clinical professional postgraduates who had standardized residency training from 2017 to 2019 were selected as the participants and were randomly divided into two groups, experimental group and control group. The experimental group adopted CBL, and the control group adopted traditional teaching mode. After the standardized training in the radiology department, the differences in image reading scores, theoretical scores and course evaluation were compared between the two groups. SPSS 25.0 statistical software was used for analysis. Independent t test was used for the measurement data of normal distribution, Mann-Whitney U test was used for the measurement data of skewed distribution, and categorical variables were compared by chi-square test. Results:In the reading scores of MRI, the scores of the experimental group and the control group were (82.53 ± 5.72) points and (77.38 ± 6.14) points respectively, and the number of students in the experimental group whose reading scores were between 80-100 segment was 63.6% higher than that in the control group, with significant differences between the two groups ( P < 0.001), but without significant differences in theoretical average scores between the two groups ( P > 0.05). In addition, in the course evaluation, except for the index of learning burden, there were significant differences in other indexes between the experimental group and the control group ( P < 0.05). Conclusion:In the teaching of MRI, the application of the CBL helps non-imaging clinical professional postgraduates improve their MRI diagnostic thinking and independent reading ability.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882810

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the therapeutic effect of deep brain stimulation (DBS) for dystonia.Methods:Detailed clinical information and peripheral blood of children with dystonia at Peking University First Hospital from April 2017 to July 2020 were collected.The motor scores of Burke-Fahn-Marsden Dystonia Rating Scale were recorded of the dystonia before and after the treatment of DBS.Whole-exome sequencing was performed on children with dystonia.Then the effect of DBS was evaluated.Results:A total of 32 cases of patients with dystonia treated with DBS were enrolled, including 16 males and 16 females.Twelve cases were treated with globus pallidus internus DBS, and 20 cases were treated with subthalamic nucleus DBS.Twenty cases (62.5%) with pathogenic gene mutations were detected.Pathogenic variants in PANK2 (9 cases), KMT2B(3 cases), GNAO1 (2 cases), GCDH (2 cases), PINK1(1 case), NDUFAF6(1 case), DYT27(1 case) and ADCY5(1 case) were found.The follow-up period was 1 month to 3 years and 8 months.Only 1 case had local infection due to improper home care.The postoperative improvement was 5.66%-95.92%. Conclusions:All patients have a certain degree of relief after DBS without obvious adverse reactions.DBS is an effective treatment for pediatric dystonia.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905236

ABSTRACT

Objective:To examine the reliability and validity of a performance-based executive function assessment, the Chinese Version of Weekly Calendar Planning Activity (WCPA-C), in community-dwelling middle-aged and elderly adults. Methods:From July to August, 2020, 55 community-dwelling adults aged 41 to 89 years participated in this study. A total of 30 participants were evaluated with the WCPA-C version A. After two weeks and four weeks, they were retested with version B and version A, respectively. The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was calculated. All the participants were divided into the mild cognitive impairment (MCI) group (n = 37) and normal cognition (NC) group (n = 18) according to the scores of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA). The results of WCPA-C between two groups were compared. Results:There were four participants lost, and 26 participants completed all three tests. Except the planning time, the ICCs were 0.43~0.78 between the first and the second tests, and were 0.50~0.80 between the second and the third tests. WCPA-C results were significant different between two groups (Z > 1.288, P < 0.05), except the total time and the planning time (Z < 1.641, P > 0.05). Conclusion:WCPA-C demonstrats satisfactory test-retest reliability and discriminative validity in community-dwelling middle-aged and elderly adults.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879812

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features of children with @*METHODS@#A total of 310 MPP children who were hospitalized and underwent bronchoalveolar lavage from June 2018 to June 2019 were enrolled and divided into two groups: simple MPP group with 241 children (without peripheral lymphocytopenia) and MPP + peripheral lymphocytopenia group with 69 children. The two groups were compared in terms of clinical data and treatment outcome.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the simple MPP group, the MPP + peripheral lymphocytopenia group had significantly longer duration of fever and length of hospital stay and significant increases in C-reactive protein, lactate dehydrogenase, and @*CONCLUSIONS@#Children with MPP and peripheral lymphocytopenia tend to have more severe immunologic injury. Peripheral blood lymphocyte count may be used to evaluate the severity of MPP.


Subject(s)
Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Child , Humans , Lymphopenia/etiology , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma/complications , Retrospective Studies
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922467

ABSTRACT

The first branchial arch (BA1), which is derived from cranial neural crest (CNC) cells, gives rise to various orofacial tissues. Cre mice are widely used for the determination of CNC and exploration of gene functions in orofacial development. However, there is a lack of Cre mice specifically marked BA1's cells. Pax2-Cre allele was previously generated and has been widely used in the field of inner ear development. Here, by compounding Pax2-Cre and R26R-mTmG mice, we found a specific expression pattern of Pax2


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 4 , Branchial Region , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Mice , Skull
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922387

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the clinical features of @*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 228 children with MPP alone and 28 children with MPP and ADV infection. The two groups were compared in terms of clinical features, laboratory results, and treatment outcome.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the MPP group, the MPP+ADV group had significantly longer duration of fever and length of hospital stay, a significantly higher proportion of patients with severe lesions (erosion and exfoliation) of the airway mucosa under bronchoscopy, a significantly higher clinical pulmonary infection score, and a significantly higher proportion of patients requiring oxygen therapy (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with children with MPP alone, children with MPP and ADV infection tend to have more severe clinical manifestations and airway mucosal lesions and are more likely to require oxygen therapy, but most of the laboratory markers lack specificity.


Subject(s)
Adenoviridae Infections , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Child , Humans , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma , Retrospective Studies
9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1671-1675, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922315

ABSTRACT

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patients usually show immune dysfunction, which often leads to autoimmune hemocytopenia. Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is one of the common complications. The pathogenesis of CLL-related ITP is complex and has not been fully elucidated. At present, the researches mainly focus on humoral immunity, cellular immunity and innate immune disorders. Recent studies suggest that genomic abnormalities and microRNAs are also involved in CLL-related ITP. Traditional ITP standard therapy has a poor effect on CLL-related ITP. Chemotherapy or monoclonal antibody therapy against the primary pathogenesis of CLL can effectively treat thrombocytopenia, and the emergence of new targeted drugs also provides new treatment options for the disease. In this paper, the progresses of CLL-related ITP pathogenesis, prognosis and treatment in recent years are reviewed.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Monoclonal , Humans , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/complications , MicroRNAs , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Thrombocytopenia
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1064-1069, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878160

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Thyroid dysfunction is associated with cardiovascular diseases. However, the role of thyroid function in lipid metabolism remains partly unknown. The present study aimed to investigate the causal association between thyroid function and serum lipid metabolism via a genetic analysis termed Mendelian randomization (MR).@*METHODS@#The MR approach uses a genetic variant as the instrumental variable in epidemiological studies to mimic a randomized controlled trial. A two-sample MR was performed to assess the causal association, using summary statistics from the Atrial Fibrillation Genetics Consortium (n = 537,409) and the Global Lipids Genetics Consortium (n = 188,577). The clinical measures of thyroid function include thyrotropin (TSH), free triiodothyronine (FT3) and free thyroxine (FT4) levels, FT3:FT4 ratio and concentration of thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPOAb). The serum lipid metabolism traits include total cholesterol (TC) and triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein, and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels. The MR estimate and MR inverse variance-weighted method were used to assess the association between thyroid function and serum lipid metabolism.@*RESULTS@#The results demonstrated that increased TSH levels were significantly associated with higher TC (β = 0.052, P = 0.002) and LDL (β = 0.041, P = 0.018) levels. In addition, the FT3:FT4 ratio was significantly associated with TC (β = 0.240, P = 0.033) and LDL (β = 0.025, P = 0.027) levels. However, no significant differences were observed between genetically predicted FT4 and TPOAb and serum lipids.@*CONCLUSION@#Taken together, the results of the present study suggest an association between thyroid function and serum lipid metabolism, highlighting the importance of the pituitary-thyroid-cardiac axis in dyslipidemia susceptibility.


Subject(s)
Lipid Metabolism/genetics , Mendelian Randomization Analysis , Thyroid Function Tests , Thyroid Gland , Thyrotropin , Thyroxine , Triiodothyronine
11.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 867-877, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921290

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) channel on the permeability of pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (PMVECs) in rats with chronic hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension (CHPH), so as to clarify the mechanism of vascular endothelial dysfunction during the occurrence of pulmonary hypertension (PH). CHPH rat model was established by exposure to chronic hypoxia (CH) for 21 days. Primary PMVECs were cultured by adherent tissue blocks at the edge of the lung. The permeability coefficient of primary cultured PMVECs was detected by fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-dextran. The structure of tight junction (TJ) was observed by transmission electron microscope. The expression of TRPV4 and TJ-related proteins, such as, Occludin, Claudin-5, ZO-1 were examined by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR and Western blotting. The intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca


Subject(s)
Animals , Endothelial Cells , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Hypoxia/complications , Lung , Permeability , Rats , TRPV Cation Channels/genetics
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906640

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the occupational health status of dust exposed workers in Binhai New Area of Tianjin, and to provide a scientific basis for the formulation of occupational disease prevention strategies. Methods On-duty physical examination data of dust exposed workers in Binhai New Area in 2019 were collected, and data processing and statistical analysis were conducted by Excel 2016 and SPSS22.0. Results A total of 20 898 dust exposed workers were included in the physical examination in 2019. Among them, 158 were abandoned in the examination of posterior-anterior high kV chest X-ray or digital radiography (DR) chest X-ray, 14 were abandoned in the examination of lung function, and a total of 20 726 were included in the final examination. Thirty-seven cases (0.18%) were found to be suspected of pneumoconiosis, 51 cases (0.25%) were found to be contraband, and 15 cases (0.072%) were found to be pneumoconiosis. The detection rate of abnormal chest radiograph was 4.73%, and the detection rate of abnormal lung function was 6.99%. Conclusion The detection rates of abnormal chest X-ray and pulmonary function of dust exposed workers in this area are rising with the increase of exposure time. Attention should be paid to the prevention of occupational pneumoconiosis by promoting the publicity and education of dust workers in large enterprises, strengthening the management of occupational health in collective enterprises, especially for older workers with long working years.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912392

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the short-term effects of intravitreal injection of aflibercept (IVA) for initial treatment and dressing change on exudative age-related macular degeneration (eAMD).Methods:A retrospective clinical study. From June 2018 to February 2021, forty-nine eAMD eyes of 38 patients who underwent IVA treatment in Department of Ophthalmology of Central Theater Command Hospital of People’s Liberation Army were included in the study. Among them, there were 24 males with 29 eyes and 14 females with 20 eyes; the average age was 66.82±8.71 years. All affected eyes were treated with IVA. The initial loading dose was 2.0 mg, which was injected once a month for 3 consecutive months, followed by monthly review and treatment as needed. Of the 49 eyes, 26 eyes were initially treated (initial treatment group), they were diagnosed within 3 months of the first onset and followed by IVA treatment, and no intraocular drugs and surgery were performed from the onset to the first diagnosis. Twenty-three eyes were treated with drug exchange therapy (dressing change group), they received intravitreal injection of ranibizumab and/or conbercept more than 4 times 6 months before the replacement therapy, during which there was persistent interlaminar cystoid edema and/or subretinal fluid (SRF) in the macular area and no improvement in pigment epithelial detachment (PED). Before IVA treatment, there were no statistically significant differences in the best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), foveal thickness (CMT), PED height (PEDH), and PED volume (PEDV) of the two groups of eyes before IVA treatment ( P>0.05). The same equipment and methods as before treatment were used for related examinations, and the changes of BCVA, CMT, PEDH, PEDV and complications of the two groups of eyes were recorded in 1, 3, and 6 months after treatment. The comparison of BCVA, CMT, PEDH, and PEDV between the two groups were used repeated measures analysis of variance. Results:Six months after treatment, the number of IVA injections in the eyes of the initial treatment group and dressing change group were 4.15±0.73 and 4.39±0.72 times, respectively, and the difference was not statistically significant ( t=-1.141, P=0.260). The BCVA, CMT, PEDH, and PEDV of the the initial treatment group ( F=5.345, 22.995, 6.764, 5.425) and the dressing change group ( F=12.519, 15.576, 8.843, 9.406) were significantly improved compared before treatment with 1, 3, and 6 months. All were statistically significant ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in BCVA, CMT, PEDH, and PEDV between the initial treatment group and the dressing group at each time point after treatment ( F=1.741, 0.069, 0.876, 3.455; P>0.05). During the follow-up period, none of the affected eyes had complications such as persistent intraocular pressure increase, endophthalmitis, and retinal pigment epithelial tear. Conclusions:IVA can improve eyesight of patients with eAMD and reduce CMT, PEDH, and PEDV. The initial treatment and dressing change have the same effect.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879932

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the regulatory effect of iridoid glycoside of radix scrophulariae (IGRS) on endoplasmic reticulum stress induced by oxygen-glucose deprivation and reperfusion @*METHODS@#Rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells were pretreated with IGRS (50, 100, 200 μg/mL) for 24h, and the @*RESULTS@#The damage caused by OGD/R to PC12 cells was significantly reduced by IGRS, with significant effect on increasing survival rate and reducing LDH release (all @*CONCLUSIONS@#IGRS has neuroprotective effect, which may alleviate cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury by regulating SERCA2, maintaining calcium balance, and inhibiting endoplasmic reticulum stress-mediated apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Survival/drug effects , Down-Regulation/drug effects , Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress/drug effects , Glucose , In Vitro Techniques , Iridoid Glycosides/pharmacology , Oxygen , PC12 Cells , Rats , Reperfusion , Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Snails/chemistry
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865030

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of machine learning algorithms and COX nomogram in the survival prediction of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after resection.Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 375 patients with HCC who underwent radical resection in the Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College from January 2012 to January 2017 were collected. There were 304 males and 71 females, aged from 21 to 79 years, with a median age of 57 years. According to the random numbers showed in the computer, 375 patients were divided into training dataset consisting of 300 patients and validation dataset consisting of 75 patients, with a ratio of 8∶2. Machine learning algorithms including logistic regression (LR), supporting vector machine (SVM), decision tree (DT), random forest (RF), and artificial neural network (ANN) were used to construct survival prediction models for HCC after resection, so as to identify the optimal machine learning algorithm prediction model. A COX nomogram prediction model for predicting postoperative survival in patients with HCC was also constructed. Comparison of performance for predicting postoperative survival of HCC patients was conducted between the optimal machine learning algorithm prediction model and the COX nomogram prediction model. Observation indicators: (1) analysis of clinicopathological data of patients in the training dataset and validation dataset; (2) follow-up and survival of patients in the training dataset and validation dataset; (3) construction and evaluation of machine learning algorithm prediction models; (4) construction and evaluation of COX nomogram prediction model; (5) evaluation of prediction performance between RF machine learning algorithm prediction model and COX nomogram prediction model. Follow-up was performed using outpatient examination or telephone interview to detect survival of patients up to December 2019 or death. Measurement data with normal distribution were expressed as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was analyzed by the paired t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were expressed as M ( P25, P75) or M (range), and comparison between groups was analyzed by the Mann-Whitney U test. Count data were represented as absolute numbers. Comparison between groups was performed using the chi-square test when Tmin ≥5 and N ≥40, using the calibration chi-square test when 1≤ Tmin ≤5 and N ≥40, and using Fisher exact probability when Tmin <1 or N <40. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate survival rate and draw survival curve. The COX proportional hazard model was used for univariate analysis, and variables with P<0.2 were included for the Lasso regression analysis. According to the lambda value, variables affecting prognosis were screened for COX proportional hazard model to perform multivariate analysis. Results:(1) Analysis of clinicopathological data of patients in the training dataset and validation dataset: cases without microvascular invasion or with microvascular invasion, cases without liver cirrhosis or with liver cirrhosis of the training dataset were 292, 8, 105, 195, respectively, versus 69, 6, 37, 38 of the validation dataset, showing significant differences between the two groups ( χ2=4.749, 5.239, P<0.05). (2) Follow-up and survival of patients in the training dataset and validation dataset: all the 375 patients received follow-up. The 300 patients in the training dataset were followed up for 1.1-85.5 months, with a median follow-up time of 50.3 months. Seventy-five patients in the validation dataset were followed up for 1.0-85.7 months, with a median follow-up time of 46.7 months. The postoperative 1-, 3-year overall survival rates of the 375 patients were 91.7%, 79.5%. The postoperative 1-, 3-year overall survival rates of the training dataset were 92.0%, 79.7%, versus 90.7%, 81.9% of the validation dataset, showing no significant difference in postoperative survival between the two groups ( χ2=0.113, P>0.05). (3) Construction and evaluation of machine learning algorithm prediction models. ① Selection of the optimal machine learning algorithm prediction model: according to information divergence of variables for prediction of 3 years postoperative survival of HCC, five machine learning algorithms were used to comprehensively rank the variables of clinicopathological factors of HCC, including LR, SVM, DT, RF, and ANN. The main predictive factors were screened out, as hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg), surgical procedure, maximum tumor diameter, perioperative blood transfusion, liver capsule invasion, and liver segment Ⅳ invasion. The rank sequence 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21, 24, 27, 29 variables of predictive factors were introduced into 5 machine learning algorithms in turn. The results showed that the area under curve (AUC) of the receiver operating charateristic curve of LR, SVM, DT, and RF machine learning algorithm prediction models tended to be stable when 9 variables are introduced. When more than 12 variables were introduced, the AUC of ANN machine learning algorithm prediction model fluctuated significantly, the stability of AUC of LR and SVM machine learning algorithm prediction models continued to improve, and the AUC of RF machine learning algorithm prediction model was nearly 0.990, suggesting RF machine learning algorithm prediction model as the optimal machine learning algorithm prediction model. ② Optimization and evaluation of RF machine learning algorithm prediction model: 29 variables of predictive factors were sequentially introduced into the RF machine learning algorithm to construct the optimal RF machine learning algorithm prediction model in the training dataset. The results showed that when 10 variables were introduced, results of grid search method showed 4 as the optimal number of nodes in DT, and 1 000 as the optimal number of DT. When the number of introduced variables were not less than 10, the AUC of RF machine learning algorithm prediction model was about 0.990. When 10 variables were introduced, the RF machine learning algorithm prediction model had an AUC of 0.992 for postoperative overall survival of 3 years, a sensitivity of 0.629, a specificity of 0.996 in the training dataset, an AUC of 0.723 for postoperative overall survival of 3 years, a sensitivity of 0.177, a specificity of 0.948 in the validation dataset. (4) Construction and evaluation of COX nomogram prediction model. ① Analysis of postoperative survival factors of HCC patients in the training dataset. Results of univariate analysis showed that HBeAg, alpha fetoprotein (AFP), preoperative blood transfusion, maximum tumor diameter, liver capsule invasion, and degree of tumor differentiation were related factors for postoperative survival of HCC patients [ hazard ratio ( HR)=1.958, 1.878, 2.170, 1.188, 2.052, 0.222, 95% confidence interval ( CI): 1.185-3.235, 1.147-3.076, 1.389-3.393, 1.092-1.291, 1.240-3.395, 0.070-0.703, P<0.05]. Clinico-pathological data with P<0.2 were included for Lasso regression analysis, and the results showed that age, HBeAg, AFP, surgical procedure, perioperative blood transfusion, maximum tumor diameter, tumor located at liver segment Ⅴ or Ⅷ, liver capsule invasion, and degree of tumor differentiation as high differentiation, moderate-high differentiation, moderate differentiation, moderate-low differentiation were related factors for postoperative survival of HCC patients. The above factors were included for further multivariate COX analysis, and the results showed that HBeAg, surgical procedure, maximum tumor diameter were independent factors affecting postoperative survival of HCC patients ( HR=1.770, 8.799, 1.142, 95% CI: 1.049- 2.987, 1.203-64.342, 1.051-1.242, P<0.05). ② Construction and evaluation of COX nomogram prediction model: the clinicopathological factors of P≤0.1 in the COX multivariate analysis were induced to Rstudio software and rms software package to construct COX nomogram prediction model in the training dataset. The COX nomogram prediction model for predicting postoperative overall survival had an consistency index of 0.723 (se=0.028), an AUC of 0.760 for postoperative overall survival of 3 years in the training dataset, an AUC of 0.795 for postoperative overall survival of 3 years in the validation dataset. The verification of the calibration plot in the training dataset showed that the COX nomogram prediction model had a good prediction performance for postoperative survival. COX nomogram score=0.627 06×HBeAg (normal=0, abnormal=1)+ 0.134 34×maximum tumor diameter (cm)+ 2.107 58×surgical procedure (laparoscopy=0, laparotomy=1)+ 0.545 58×perioperative blood transfusion (without blood transfusion=0, with blood transfusion=1)-1.421 33×high differentiation (non-high differentiation=0, high differentiation=1). The COX nomogram risk scores of all patients were calculated. Xtile software was used to find the optimal threshold of COX nomogram risk scores. Patients with risk scores ≥2.9 were assigned into high risk group, and patients with risk scores <2.9 were assigned into low risk group. Results of Kaplan-Meier overall survival curve showed a significant difference in the postoperative overall survival between low risk group and high risk group of the training dataset ( χ2=33.065, P<0.05). There was a significant difference in the postoperative overall survival between low risk group and high risk group of the validation dataset ( χ2=6.585, P<0.05). Results of further analysis by the decision-making curve showed that COX nomogram prediction model based on the combination of HBeAg, surgical procedure, perioperative blood transfusion, maximum tumor diameter, and degree of tumor differentiation was superior to any of the above individual factors in prediction performance. (5) Evaluation of prediction performance between RF machine learning algorithm prediction model and COX nomogram prediction model: prediction difference between two models was investigated by analyzing maximun tumor diameter (the important variable shared in both models), and by comparing the predictive error curve of both models. The results showed that the postoperative 3-year survival rates predicted by RF machine learning algorithm prediction model and COX nomogram prediction model were 77.17% and 74.77% respectively for tumor with maximum diameter of 2.2 cm ( χ2=0.182, P>0.05), 57.51% and 61.65% for tumor with maximum diameter of 6.3 cm ( χ2=0.394, P>0.05), 51.03% and 27.52% for tumor with maximum diameter of 14.2 cm ( χ2=12.762, P<0.05). With the increase of the maximum tumor diameter, the difference in survival rates predicted between the two models turned larger. In the validation dataset, the AUC for postoperative overall survival of 3 years of RF machine learning algorithm prediction model and COX nomogram prediction model was 0.723 and 0.795, showing a significant difference between the two models ( t=3.353, P<0.05). Resluts of Bootstrap cross-validation for prediction error showed that the integrated Brier scores of RF machine learning algorithm prediction model and COX nomogram prediction model for predicting 3-year survival were 0.139 and 0.134, respectively. The prediction error of COX nomogram prediction model was lower than that of RF machine learning algorithm prediction model. Conclusion:Compared with machine learning algorithm prediction models, the COX nomogram prediction model performs better in predicting 3 years postoperative survival of HCC, with fewer variables, which is easy for clinical use.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847430

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Proximal femoral anti-rotation intramedullary nail for treating intertrochanteric fracture is widely used in clinical practice, but there are still some cases of failure of internal fixation after operation, and osteoporosis of proximal femur is considered as an important reason. Singh index is an important index to evaluate the severity of osteoporosis in the proximal femur. Based on the Singh index, it is of great significance to explore the effect of different degrees of osteoporosis on the treatment of intertrochanteric fracture with anti-rotation intramedullary nail in the proximal femur, so as to reduce the failure rate of internal fixation and increase the success rate of operation. OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of different osteoporosis on the treatment of intertrochanteric fracture with proximal femoral anti-rotation intramedullary nail, so as to provide new ideas and experimental basis for clinical treatment of intertrochanteric fracture. METHODS: CT data of one patient with intertrochanteric fracture of the left femur were imported into Mimics 19.0 and Geomagic studio 2017 software to extract and optimize the three-dimensional model of the right femur. SolidWorks 2017 software was used to draw the internal fixation model and assemble it with the femur model according to the standard operation technology, and import it into HyperMesh 14.0 software in STEP format to cut the bone according to AO-2.1 type of intertrochanteric fracture. Trabecular bone based on Singh index 1-6 was established to obtain six models of A-F. Material property parameters, boundary conditions and applied loads were set. Finally, the data were stored as K files and imported into LS-DYNA software for solution. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) When the femoral head was stressed, the spiral blade in the bone block of the femoral head and neck of Singh 6-Singh 1 was cut, the common bone trabecula disappeared, the stress bone trabecula wrapped with the spiral blade did not disappear, but loaded with certain stress, so that the spiral blade still had a large contact area and holding force, maintained the reduction of the fracture, and reduced the varus and rotation of the bone block of the femoral head and neck. (2) From Singh 6-Singh 1, with the disappearance of stress bone trabecula, the more serious osteoporosis is, the more likely failure will be in the treatment of intertrochanteric fracture with proximal femoral anti-rotation intramedullary nail. (3) The spongy bone trabeculae, especially the stress bone trabeculae, play an important role in maintaining the elastic stability of the proximal femur by resisting and buffering the bending strain.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871823

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the efficacy of intravitreal injection of aflibercept (IVA) in the treatment of exudative age-related macular degeneration (wAMD) combined with RPE detachment (PED).Methods:A retrospective case study. From June 2018 to June 2019, 32 eyes (overall group) of 27 wAMD patients with PED were included in the study. All eyes were treated with IVA. The initial loading dose was 2.0 mg, which was injected once a month for 2 consecutive months and and then use a PRN regimen after evaluation. According to the maximum height of PED (PEDH) 2 months after treatment, the overall group was divided into the response group and the partial response group, with 20 (62.50%) and 12 (37.50%) eyes respectively. The response group: PEDH decreased by ≥25% compared with before treatment. The partial response: PEDH decreased by <25%. The macular fovea was scanned with the 3D-OCT 2000 instrument from Topcon (Japan). PEDH, PED area (PEDA), PED volume (PEDV), and macular foveal retinal thickness (CMT) were measured. There was no significant difference in BCVA, CMT, PEDH, PEDA, and PEDV of the eyes in the response group and the partial response group ( t=-0.791, -0.488, -0.900, -1.130, -0.400; P=0.435, 0.630, 0.380, 0.270, 0.690). The changes of BCVA, PEDH, PEDA, PEDV, CMT in each group were observed before treatment and 1, 2, 4, and 6 months after treatment. The comparison of BCVA and PED-related indicators and CMT before and after treatment were performed by repeated measures analysis of variance. Results:Compared with before treatment, the BCVA, CMT, PEDH, PEDA and PEDV of the eyes in the overall group, the response group, and the partial response group were obviously improved after treatment. Among them, there were statistically significant differences in all indicators of the overall group and the response group ( FBCVA=5.871, 3.798; P=0.001, 0.019. FCMT=24.526, 14.109; P=0.000, 0.001. FPEDH=12.569, 12.091; P=0.000, 0.000. FPEDA=7.534, 6.286; P=0.000, 0.000. FPEDV=5.139, 4.104; P=0.004, 0.014); there was no statistically significant difference in PED-related indicators in the partial response group ( FPEDH=3.210, P=0.054; FPEDA=1.913, P=0.183; FPEDV=3.500, P=0.051), the difference between BCVA and CMT was statistically significant ( FBCVA=3.033, P=0.027; FCMT=11.140, P=0.001). Two months after treatment, the eye number of PEDH reduction rate <25%, 25%-<50%, 50%-<75%, and ≥75% were 12 (37.50%), 8 (25.00%), 9 (28.13%), and 3 (9.38%) in the overall group, respectively. And PED in one eye (3.13%) was completely eliminated. Six months after treatment, the proportion was 13 (40.23%), 5 (15.63%), 7 (21.88%) and 7 (21.88%), respectively, among which 4 eyes (12.50%) with PED were completely resolved. Conclusions:Aflibercept treatment of wAMD combined with PED can restore its anatomical indicators and improve visual function of patients in a short time; the efficacy of PED in the PRN stage is related to the efficacy of the loading dose stage.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868916

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the definition and influencing factors of early recurrence after resection for synchronous colorectal cancer liver metastases (sCRLM).Methods:Patients with sCRLM in Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from December 2008 to December 2016 were included. Restricted cubic spline was used to determine the correlations between the time of recurrence and the long-term prognosis. The univariable and multivariable Cox was performed to measure the feasibility of recurrence within 6 months as the early recurrence. Then apply logistic regression, support vector machine, decision tree, random forest, artificial neural network and XGBoost, these machine learning algorithm to comprehensively rank the importance of every clinicopathological variable to early recurrence, and according to the comprehensively ranks, we introduced variables into the multivariable logistic regression model and observed the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) of the logistic regression model, based on the ROC area under curve, Akaike information criterion, and Bayesian information criterion, we identified the best performed variable combination and introduced them into the multivariate logistic regression analysis to confirm the independent risk factors for early recurrence. Subsequently, inverse probability weighting (IPTW) was performed on the therapy-associated independent risk factor to evaluate and validate its influence on the early recurrence of sCRLM patients after reducing the standardized mean difference of all covariates.Results:A total of 228 sCRLM patients who received resection were enrolled and followed up from 2.10 to 108.57 months. There were 142 males and 86 females, aged (55.89±0.67) years old. In 170 (74.6%) patients with recurrence, restricted cube analysis determined that the hazard ratio (HR) of disease free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) satisfies a linear relationship ( P<0.05), and Cox analysis indicated that 6 months as the time cutoff for defining early recurrence was feasible ( HR=3.405, 95% CI: 2.098-5.526, P<0.05). Early recurrence was occurred in 93 (40.79%) patients. The survival rate of patients in early recurrence group was significantly lower than that in the late recurrence group ( HR=3.405, 95% CI: 2.098-5.526, P<0.05, and the 5-year survival rate was 14.0% vs 52.0%). Comprehensive analysis of 6 machine learning algorithms identified that the total number of lymph node dissection >22 ( OR=0.258, 95% CI: 0.132-0.506, P<0.05) is an independent protective factor for early recurrence, while the number of liver metastases>3 ( OR=4.715, 95% CI: 2.467-9.011, P<0.05) and postoperative complications ( OR=2.334, 95% CI: 1.269-4.291, P<0.05) are independent risk factors. Finally, the IPTW analysis fully reduced the influence of covariate confounding influence via causal inference to prove lymph node dissection associated with early recurrence (IPTW OR=0.29, P<0.05), benefiting the DFS (IPTW HR=0.4887, P<0.05), but without influence on OS (IPTW HR=0.6951, P>0.05). Conclusion:Six months after sCRLM as the definition of early recurrence, it has significant feasibility. The long-term survival of patients with early recurrence is poor. The independent influencing factors of early recurrence after sCRLM are the total number of lymph node dissection, the number of liver metastases and postoperative complications disease.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878840

ABSTRACT

Trace metals deficiency or excess are associated with the etiology and pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis(RA). Aconiti Radix Cocta(A) and Paeoniae Radix Alba(B) are commonly used together for the treatment of RA. In this study, we aim to determine anti-arthritic-related metal bioavailability in the compatibility of herb A and B for avoiding metal deficiency or excess, and optimize the combination ratio of herb A and B, accordingly. Anti-arthritic-related metal bioaccessibility were evaluated by in vitro simulator of all gastrointestinal tract(including mouth, stomach, small and large intestines), and the roles of gastrointestinal digestive enzymes and intestinal microflora were investigated. Anti-arthritic-related metal bioavailability was assessed by the affinity adsorption with liposomes. The results indicated that compatibility proportion of corresponding herbal plants, gastrointestinal digestion and microbial metabolic, which could affect metal digestion and absorption. The optimal compatibility proportion of 1 A∶1 B is recommended, according to the dose of anti-arthritic-related metal bioavailability, which is often chosen for clinical practice of RA therapy. Thus, anti-arthritic-related metal bioavailability might be the key active substances for RA treatment.


Subject(s)
Aconitum , Biological Availability , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Paeonia
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878305

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Several COVID-19 patients have overlapping comorbidities. The independent role of each component contributing to the risk of COVID-19 is unknown, and how some non-cardiometabolic comorbidities affect the risk of COVID-19 remains unclear.@*Methods@#A retrospective follow-up design was adopted. A total of 1,160 laboratory-confirmed patients were enrolled from nine provinces in China. Data on comorbidities were obtained from the patients' medical records. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to estimate the odds ratio ( @*Results@#Overall, 158 (13.6%) patients were diagnosed with severe illness and 32 (2.7%) had unfavorable outcomes. Hypertension (2.87, 1.30-6.32), type 2 diabetes (T2DM) (3.57, 2.32-5.49), cardiovascular disease (CVD) (3.78, 1.81-7.89), fatty liver disease (7.53, 1.96-28.96), hyperlipidemia (2.15, 1.26-3.67), other lung diseases (6.00, 3.01-11.96), and electrolyte imbalance (10.40, 3.00-26.10) were independently linked to increased odds of being severely ill. T2DM (6.07, 2.89-12.75), CVD (8.47, 6.03-11.89), and electrolyte imbalance (19.44, 11.47-32.96) were also strong predictors of unfavorable outcomes. Women with comorbidities were more likely to have severe disease on admission (5.46, 3.25-9.19), while men with comorbidities were more likely to have unfavorable treatment outcomes (6.58, 1.46-29.64) within two weeks.@*Conclusion@#Besides hypertension, diabetes, and CVD, fatty liver disease, hyperlipidemia, other lung diseases, and electrolyte imbalance were independent risk factors for COVID-19 severity and poor treatment outcome. Women with comorbidities were more likely to have severe disease, while men with comorbidities were more likely to have unfavorable treatment outcomes.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , COVID-19/virology , China/epidemiology , Comorbidity , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Severity of Illness Index , Treatment Outcome
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