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1.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 139-141, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862615

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the indoor air quality of Harbin and its suburbs, and analyze the influence of indoor air quality on the pulmonary function indexes of schoolchildren, and to provide a reference for preventing the related respiratory diseases.@*Methods@#The concentration of CO 2, formaldehyde, benzene, PM 10 and total bacterial count in indoor of 80 residents in Harbin and its suburb were monitored. The IAAH model was used to evaluate the indoor air quality, and the correlation between the indoor air quality and the pulmonary function indexes of schoolchildren was analyzed.@*Results@#The levels of indoor air pollutant in suburb was higher than that in the urban of Harbin, and the concentration of CO 2, PM 10 and total bacteria count in the suburb of Harbin increase significantly during the heating season(t=5.86,4.92,21.16, P<0.05). Among the 40 households monitored by IAAH model in suburb during heating season, 37.5% had moderate air pollution, and 20.0% had severe air pollution. The IAAH was correlated with FVC, FEF75% and FEF25% after excluding the confounding factors by multiple linear regression(β=-0.17, -0.34, -0.43, P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Indoor air pollution is very serious in the suburb of Harbin during heating season, which should be paid attention to by parents to prevent related respiratory diseases of schoolchildren.

2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1079-1086, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878133

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The association of lipids and cancer has varied greatly among different cancer types, lipid components and study populations. This study is aimed to investigate the association of serum lipids and the risk of malignant lesions in esophageal squamous epithelium.@*METHODS@#In the "Endoscopic Screening for Esophageal Cancer in China" (ESECC) trial, serum samples were collected and tested for total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol at the time of subject enrollment. Cases were defined as malignant esophageal lesions identified by baseline endoscopic examination or by follow-up to May 31, 2018. Controls were randomly selected using incidence density sampling in the same cohort. Conditional logistic models were applied to identify the association of serum lipids and the risk of malignant esophageal lesions. Effect modification was evaluated by testing interaction terms of the factor under assessment and these serum lipid indicators.@*RESULTS@#No consistent association between serum lipid levels and esophageal malignant lesions were found in a pooled analysis of 211 cases and 2101 controls. For individuals with a family history of esophageal cancer (EC), high TC, and LDL-C were associated with a significantly increased risk of having malignant lesions (odds ratio [OR]High vs. Low TC = 2.22, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.14-4.35; ORHigh vs. Low LDL-C = 1.93, 95% CI: 1.01-3.65). However, a negative association was observed in participants without an EC family history (ORHigh vs. Low TC = 0.69, 95% CI: 0.48-0.98, Pinteraction = 0.002; ORHigh vs. Low LDL-C = 0.50, 95% CI: 0.34-0.76, Pinteraction < 0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In this study, we found that the association of serum lipids and malignant esophageal lesions might be modified by EC family history. The stratified analysis would be crucial for population-based studies investigating the association of serum lipids and cancer. The mechanism by which a family history of EC modifies this association warrants further investigation.


Subject(s)
Case-Control Studies , China , Cholesterol, HDL , Early Detection of Cancer , Esophageal Neoplasms/genetics , Humans , Lipids , Triglycerides
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877607

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the efficacy of acupuncture combined with @*METHODS@#A total of 180 children with cerebral palsy were randomly divided into a combined group (60 cases, 2 cases dropped off), an acupuncture group (60 cases, 4 cases dropped off) and a Chinese medication group (60 cases, 5 cases dropped off). On the basis of conventional treatment, the children in the combined group were treated with acupuncture [Baihui (GV 20), Sishencong (EX-HN 1), Shenting (GV 24), Benshen (GB 13), 30 min each time, twice a day] and @*RESULTS@#The total effective rate was 91.4% (53/58) in the combined group, which was higher than 80.4% (45/56) in the acupuncture group and 78.2% (43/55) in the Chinese medication group (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture combined with


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Cerebral Palsy/drug therapy , Child , Humans , Powders , Treatment Outcome
4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1983-1987, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887638

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Scoliosis secondary to neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) in children aged 10°/year) were identified. The age at modulation and the AV before and after modulation were obtained. Patients with (n = 18) and without rapid curve progression (n = 10) were statistically compared.@*RESULTS@#Twenty-eight patients with a mean age of 6.5 ± 1.9 years at the initial visit were reviewed. The mean Cobb angle of the main curve was 41.7° ± 2.4° at the initial visit and increased to 67.1° ± 8.6° during a mean follow-up of 44.1 ± 8.5 months. The overall AV was 6.6° ± 2.4°/year for all patients. At the last follow-up, all patients presented curve progression of >5°, and 20 (71%) patients had progressed by >20°. Rapid curve progression was observed in 18 (64%) patients and was associated with younger age at the initial visit and a higher incidence of modulation change during follow-up (t = 2.868, P = 0.008 and 10°/year is associated with younger age at the initial visit, and modulation change indicated the occurrence of the rapid curve progression phase.


Subject(s)
Braces , Child , Child, Preschool , Disease Progression , Humans , Neurofibromatosis 1/complications , Retrospective Studies , Scoliosis/diagnostic imaging , Treatment Outcome
6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1921-1926, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887006

ABSTRACT

In this study, a rat morphine drug discrimination model with a fixed ratio (FR) of 10 (FR10) was established using different methods to explore which methods can shorten the modeling time and test the dose-response relationship and median effective dose (ED50) value. Animal welfare and experimental procedures are in accordance with the provision of the Animal Ethics Committee of Shanghai InnoStar Bio-tech Co., Ltd. Forty rats were initially shaped to press lever under a fixed-ratio schedule of food reinforcement. The animals that were successfully trained under a FR10 schedule of food reinforcement were divided into two groups, namely the single-lever + double-lever training group 1 and the double-lever training group 2. In each group, rats were trained to discriminate morphine at 5.6 mg·kg-1 from saline by the intraperitoneal route. After training, different doses of morphine were used to substitute for training dose of morphine, the dose-response curve for morphine were identified in rats, and the ED50 value was calculated. The results showed that, in food training phase: 34 rats successfully entered the discrimination training during food training; in discrimination training phase: 14 animals in group 1 met the discrimination training standard for the first time, which took about (40.71 ± 2.93) days, and there were 13 animals in group 2 that met the discrimination training criteria for the first time, and it took about (51.15 ± 2.55) days. It can be seen that the method of single-lever + double-lever training is better than single-lever training, and the difference is significant compared with group 1 (P ˂ 0.05); in generalization test phase: there are 17 rats completed morphine generalization test, and the percentages of morphine-lever responses produced by the generalization test of different doses of morphine (0, 0.1, 0.5, 1, 3, 5.6, and 10 mg·kg-1) were (9.56 ± 3.13) %, (9.01 ± 5.83) %, (13.82 ± 7.95) %, (29.04 ± 10.13) %, (41.70 ± 10.65) %, (85.36 ± 7.16) %, (94.56 ± 2.76) %, respectively. The results showed that the discriminative stimulative effect induced by morphine dose between 0-10 mg·kg-1 increased in a dose-dependent manner, producing a good dose-response curve, and the ED50 value of morphine was 4.74 mg·kg-1 by linear fitting. The above results showed that, the FR10 morphine drug discrimination model has been successfully established using different methods; the single-lever + double-lever training method is better than the single-lever training, and can relatively shorten the discrimination training cycle.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885257

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical feature, diagnosis and treatment of autoimmune pancreatitis(AIP).Methods:Clinical data of 20 AIP patients admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of University of Science and Technology of China from Jan 2014 to Dec 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Nineteen patients were diagnosed with type 1 AIP and 1 patient was with type 2 AIP. Fifteen patients were diagnosed by imaging, serology and other organ involvement, and 5 patients were confirmed by postoperative histopathology. Thirteen patients received glucocorticoid therapy. Five patients have not received glucocorticoid therapy after surgery.One patient refused treatment, and 1 patient is currently under clinical observation. Seventeen of the 20 patients were followed up, 11 patients were on glucocorticoid therapy with related clinical symptoms being gradually improved, serum IgG4 decreased and imaging findings improved. Five patients did not relapse after drug withdrawal. Three patients had recurrence of jaundice after drug withdrawal. One patient had recurrence of pancreatic lesions after drug withdrawal. Two patients had recurrence of high serum IgG4 after tapering the doses, these 6 patients were treated with steroid maintenance therapy. One patient died of repeated gastrointestinal bleeding 2 months later, and another 4 surgical patients and 1 patient under clinical observation are in good condition.Conclusions:AIP should be diagnosed in combination with clinical manifestations, serological examination, imaging examination and histopathology, especially focal lesions should be differentiated from pancreatic cancer, so as to avoid missed diagnosis and unnecessary surgical intervention.

8.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 623-627, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884939

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship of urinary 8-oxoguanosine(8-oxoGsn)with muscle mass, muscle strength, advanced glycation end products(AGEs), trace elements, heavy metals and other health-related indictors in different age groups of the Beijing area.Methods:A cross-sectional research was conducted.Healthy adults aged 25 to 93 years who sought health examination in the Health Examination Center of Beijing Hospital were recruited.Participants were divided into the young and middle-aged group and the elderly group with age 60 as the cutoff.Urinary 8-oxoGsn levels were detected by mass spectrometry and adjusted using urine creatinine values.Body composition was measured by multifrequency bioelectrical impedance analysis(BIA). Grip strength, 6-meter walking speed and 5-times sit to stand test were conducted by experienced team members.Skin autofluorescence was used to detect skin AGEs.A portable optical scanner was used to detect heavy metals and trace elements using reference points of the palm.Levels of fasting blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin, high-density lipoprotein and other common blood biochemical indicators were measured.Results:A total of 106 subjects were enrolled, including 68 in the young and middle-aged group and 38 in the elderly group.The proportion of patients with hypertension(14 ases or 36.8% vs.7 ases or 10.3%), systolic blood pressure[130(120, 140) vs.120(110, 126)mmHg], fasting blood glucose[5.7(5.2, 5.9)mmol/L vs.5.2(4.9, 5.5)mmol/L], glycosylated hemoglobin[6.0(5.7, 6.2)% vs.5.7(5.4, 5.9)%], 8-oxoGsn/Cre[1.9(1.4, 2.6) vs.1.3(1.0, 1.6)], AGEs(2.44±0.46 vs.2.01±0.29), 5-times sit to stand test scores[7.8(6.9, 9.8)s vs.6.0(5.0, 6.8)s], magnesium(31.4±7.2 vs.27.7±6.4), mercury(0.013±0.003 vs.0.008±0.003)and silver[0.011(0.010, 0.012) vs.0.010(0.009, 0.011)]were higher in the elderly group than in the young and middle-aged group, while grip strength[28.0(22.0, 35.1)kg vs.36.6(28.5, 49.1)kg], fat-free mass[44.9(37.5, 51.1)kg vs.53.3(42.4, 58.5)kg], trunk muscle mass[21.0(17.5, 23.9)kg vs.25(19.8, 27.4)kg], appendicular skeletal muscle mass[20.9(17.6, 23.9)kg vs.24.9(19.8, 27.3)kg], calcium[273.3(219.1, 480.0) vs.457.8(428.5, 489.1)], cobalt[0.029(0.027, 0.031) vs.0.031(0.028, 0.034)], selenium[1.44(0.93, 1.71) vs.1.61(1.53, 1.68)]and nickel[3.5(3.3, 4.0)*10 -3vs.3.8(3.6, 4.1)*10 -3]were lower in the elderly group than in the young and middle-aged group( P<0.05). Urinary 8-oxoGsn/Cre levels were positively correlated with age, time of 5-times sit to stand test, AGEs, fasting blood glucose, mercury and aluminum( rs=0.443, 0.292, 0.357, 0.205, 0.316 and 0.214, P<0.05), and negatively correlated with trunk muscle mass, appendicular skeletal muscle mass, fat-free mass, grip strength, silicon and manganese( rs=-0.334, -0.333, -0.332, -0.366, -0.246 and -0.234, P<0.05), with statistical significance. Conclusions:Increased urinary 8-oxoGsn/Cre levels are correlated with decreased muscle mass, poor physical function, accumulation of AGEs, decreased trace element levels and increased heavy metal levels.Therefore, 8-oxoGsn has the potential to be a broadly representative and sensitive indicator for health assessment.

9.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 412-419, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884728

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the radiographic and clinical outcomes of pre-operative Halo-gravity traction (HGT) and posterior correction surgery in treating patients with neurological deficits secondary to severe focal angular kyphosis of the upper thoracic spine.Methods:A total of 16 patients (11 males, 5 females) with neurologic deficits secondary to severe focal angular kyphosis of the upper thoracic spine undergoing preoperative HGT and posterior correction operation from January 2010 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The average age was 12.9±5.6 years (range 6-27 years). The standing X-ray of whole spine was taken at pre-, post-traction and post-operation. The Cobb angles of main curve at both sagittal and coronal planes were measured accordingly. The neurologic function at pre-traction, post-traction and post-operation was assessed according to the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) grading. The complications during HGT, operation and post-operative follow-up were recorded for each patient.Results:The average values of focal kyphosis and scoliosis were 96.1°±16.0° (71°-128°) and 75.5°±20.5° (40°-107°) at pre-traction respectively. The spinal cord function graded by ASIA criteria at pre-traction was B in 1 patient, C in 6 and D in 9, respectively. The correction rates of focal kyphosis and scoliosis were 32.8%±15.0% (18.0%-65.9%) and 22.9%±8.0% (14.1%-38.6%) after traction, which were further improved to 45.4%±14.9% (29.0%-69.0%) and 33.6%±8.6% (23.3%-49.3%) at post-operation without significant correction loss during 35.6±14.2 (24-72) months follow-up. After traction, the spinal cord function improved to grade D in 4 patients and grade E in 12 patients. At the last follow-up, the spinal cord functions were grade E in 15 patients and grade C in 1 patient. No neurologic monitor events occurred during operation. One patient suffered from transient left brachial plexus after operation. Further, proximal hook loosening was observed in 2 patients during follow-up. The spinal cord function was ASIA grade C pre-operatively in one patient, who recovered to ASIA grade E after operation and significantly deteriorated to ASIA C at 4 years follow-up.Conclusion:The correction of spinal kyphoscoliosis was satisfactory in this cohort. Preoperative HGT followed by posterior spinal correction surgery is an effective and safe procedure in treating neurological deficits secondary to focal angular kyphosis in the upper thoracic spine.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882751

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility and efficacy of laparoscopic resection of abdominal and retroperitoneal cystic masses in children.Methods:A retrospective analysis of 11 cases of abdominal and retroperitoneal cystic masses in Department of Pediatric Surgery, Quanzhou First Hospital Affiliated to Fujian Medical University from June 2015 to January 2019 was performed, and all the patients underwent laparoscopic resection or laparoscopic-assisted resection, with 6 cases of boys and 5 cases of girls, aged 8 months to 10 years (with the average of 59 months). Meanwhile, 9 cases were from the abdominal cavity and 2 cases were from the retroperitoneum.Results:All patients underwent laparoscopic or laparoscopic-assisted resection without switching to laparotomy.The operation time was 60-210 minutes, with the average of 120 minutes.The intraoperative blood loss was 5-30 mL, with the average of 10 mL.There was no blood transfusion.All patients were discharged 3-8 days after surgery, with the average of 5 days.The postoperative pathological results included 5 cases of mature teratoma, 1 case of paraneoplastic cyst, 2 cases of intestinal duplication, 2 cases of lymphangioma, and 1 case of hepatic cyst.Totally, 11 cases were followed up for 7-51 months, with the average of 20.9 months.No recurrence occurred.Conclusions:Laparoscopic or laparoscopic-assisted resection of abdominal and retroperitoneal cystic masses has advantages of minimal invasion, rapid recovery in children, and it is safe and effective.

11.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 159-168, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879681

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#This meta-analysis compared the clinical outcome of three-dimensional (3D) printing combined with open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) to traditional ORIF in the treatment of acetabular fractures.@*METHODS@#We searched the Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, VIP database, CNKI, and Wanfang database with keywords "acetabular fracture", "3D printing", "three-dimensional printing", "open reduction and internal fixation", "Acetabulum", "Acetabula" from January 2000 to March 2020. Two reviewers independently selected articles, extracted data, assessed the quality evidence and risk bias of included trials using the Cochrane Collaboration' s tools and/or Newcastle-Ottawa scale. When the two analysts had different opinions, they would ask the third analyst for opinion. Randomized controlled trials or retrospective comparative studies of 3D printing combined with ORIF (3D printing group) versus traditional ORIF (conventional group) in the treatment of acetabular fractures were selected. The data of operation time, intraoperative blood loss, intraoperative fluoroscopy times, incidence of complications, excellent and good rate of Matta score for reduction, and excellent and good rate of hip function score were extracted. Stata14.0 statistical software was used for data analysis.@*RESULTS@#Altogether 9 articles were selected, including 5 randomized controlled trials and 4 retrospective studies. A total of 467 patients were analyzed, 250 in the conventional group, and 217 in the 3D printing group. The operation time in the 3D printing group was less than that in the conventional group and the difference was statistically significant (standardized mean difference (SMD) = -1.19, 95% CI: -1.55 to -0.82, p  0.05). There was no significant difference in the excellent and good rate of hip function score at the end of postoperative follow-up between the two groups (OR = 0.84, 95% CI: 0.46-1.56, p > 0.05), but the follow-up time varies from 6 months to 40 months.@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with traditional ORIF, 3D printing combined with ORIF has certain advantages in terms that 3D printing not only helps surgeons to understand acetabular fractures more intuitively, but also effectively reduces operation time, intraoperative blood loss, intraoperative fluoroscopy times, and postoperative complications. However, there were no significant differences in the excellent and good rate of Matta score for reduction and the excellent and good rate of hip function score at the end of follow-up.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878369

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Nutrition is closely related to the health of the elderly population. This study aimed to provide a comprehensive picture of the nutrition status of elderly Chinese and its related dietary, geographical, and socioeconomic factors.@*Methods@#A total of 13,987 ≥ 60-year-old persons from the 2010-2013 Chinese National Nutrition and Health Survey were included to evaluate various aspects of malnutrition, including underweight, overweight or obesity, and micronutrient inadequacy.@*Results@#Overall, the prevalence of obesity, overweight, and underweight was 12.4%, 34.8%, and 5.7%, respectively, with disparities both geographically and socioeconomically. The prevalence of underweight was higher among the older old (≥ 75 years), rural residents and those with low income, with low education status, and residing in undeveloped West areas. More than 75% of the elderly do not meet the Dietary Reference Intakes for vitamins A, B @*Conclusions@#Obesity epidemic, inadequacy of micronutrient intake, and high prevalence of underweight and anemia in susceptible older people are the major nutrition challenges for the rapidly aging population in China.


Subject(s)
Age Factors , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , China/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diet/statistics & numerical data , Female , Health Surveys , Humans , Male , Malnutrition/etiology , Micronutrients/deficiency , Middle Aged , Nutritional Status , Overweight/etiology , Risk Factors , Socioeconomic Factors , Thinness/etiology
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912437

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish an interpretive reporting system for urinalysis based on artificial intelligence (AI).Methods:Urine tests were collected from the First Affiliated Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University from 2008 to 2018, including 2 899 917 patient tests and 710 971 physical check-up tests. Then we set up a large population distribution with the frequency of different results of each item and established a health index of each sample and an abnormal level of each item according to data distribution, importance and degree of abnormality. We collected data of seven diseases, such as diabetes mellitus, urinary tract infection, glomerulonephritis and nephrotic syndrome, and matched them with a same number of healthy control group by gender and age. An integrated learner based on the AdaBoost algorithm was used to establish a diagnostic model and assess its algorithm performance. JAVA was used to develop data presentation software. The accuracy of the AI model for disease judgment was assessed by manual verification using 199 abnormal urine tests.Results:Each report could be graded as four levels: normal, abnormal, ill and critical. Each item could be judged as normal, mild, moderate, severe or extreme and the population distribution was provided with big data. The training accuracy, true positive rate and area under the curve were ≥88.3%, ≥80.0%, and ≥0.954 respectively using the machine learning model based on AdaBoost. The developed JAVA software presented the above results and displayed medical records and results, historical results, personalized advice, patient education and position in large population data. By manual verification, the accuracy rate of the AI model for disease judgment was 82.41% (166/199).Conclusion:This study established an intelligent interpretive reporting system for urine test results. It can distinguish the abnormality of each report, predict the disease of patients, and make personalized clinical decisions.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912100

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the molecular mechanism of VRC01 resistance in HIV-1 subtype B′ strains isolated from a patient (DRVI01) with broadly neutralizing antibody (bNAb).Methods:Sequences of the HIV-1 subtype B′ strains isolated from patient DRVI01 were compared with those of HIV-1 subtype B′ strains that were isolated at the same time but sensitive to VRC01 antibody. Key amino acids that might affect the neutralization of VRC01 were selected according to literature reports. Effects of the selected amino acids on VRC01 neutralization were verified by site-directed mutation and sequence exchange of membrane proteins from different patients.Results:Single-point mutations of E279D and R282K in LoopD region and N460A and N463Q in V5 region reversed the viral sensitivity to VRC01 neutralization. Combined mutations in two or three above-mentioned sites significantly increased the viral sensitivity to VRC01 antibody compared with single-point mutations. Contrary to literature reports, the glycosylation site mutation of N276 had no influence on the viral sensitivity to VRC01.Conclusions:HIV-1 subtype B′ strains isolated from patient DRV01 with bNAb carried the mutations of D279 and K282 in LoopD region and N460 and N463 in V5 region, resulting in resistance to VRC01 antibody.

15.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 932-934, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911152

ABSTRACT

The present study retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 137 patients who underwent prostate in North Jiangsu People's Hospital from June 2020 to May 2021. All patients underwent peripheral prostatic nerve block anesthesia (PPNB). The observation group received 1% ropivacaine 32 ml local, and the control group received the same dose of lidocaine. There was no significant difference in general data before puncture between the two groups ( P>0.05). All 137 cases were performed by the same surgeon. The number of puncture needles in the observation group and the control group was (20.2±2.8) and (20.2±2.9), respectively, and the difference was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). The visual analogue scores (VAS-1) of pain during puncture in the observation group and the control group were (2.62±0.74) and (2.48±0.79) points, respectively. The visual numeric score (VNS-1) was (3.03±0.88) points and (3.15±0.80) points, respectively, and there was no significant difference ( P>0.05). 30 min after puncture, VAS-2 was (0.48±0.53) points and (0.30±0.47) points, VNS-2 was (3.31±0.48) points and (3.55±0.71) points, respectively.The differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in overall complication rate between the two groups ( P=0.661).

16.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 707-711, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910902

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of different mechanical ventilation methods on respiratory function in elderly patients in the steep Trendelenburg position undergoing general anesthesia.Methods:This was a randomized controlled study.Sixty patients scheduled for elective laparoscopic radical prostatectomy in the steep Trendelenburg position under general anesthesia were randomly divided into the lung protective ventilation strategy group(the P group)and the traditional ventilation strategy group(the T group)(n=30, each group). The setting for the P group included FiO 2 at 50%, tidal volume at 6 ml/kg, respiratory rate at 14-16/min, positive end expiratory pressure(PEEP)at 5 cmH 2O, with sustained lung inflation by pressure control every 30 min and the pressure at 30 cmH 2O for 30 s. The setting for the T group included FiO 2 at 50%, tidal volume at 10 ml/kg, and respiratory rate at 10-12/min.Anesthesia was maintained by sevoflurane, remifentanil and cis-atracurium.Driving pressure(DP), mean airway pressure(P mean)and end-tidal carbon dioxide(EtCO 2)were recorded at T1(5 mins after intubation), T2(after pneumoperitoneum), T3(30 mins after pneumoperitoneum), T4(1h after pneumoperitoneum), T5(2h after pneumoperitoneum), T6(3h after pneumoperitoneum)and T7(end of surgery). Arterial blood partial pressure of carbon dioxide(PaCO 2), alveolar-arterial oxygen partial pressure difference[P(A-a)O 2]and oxygenation index(OI)were recorded at T0(entering the operating room), T1, T3, T4, T5, T6, T8(after extubation)and T9(24h after operation). Arterial-end-tidal carbon dioxide partial pressure difference[P(a-et)CO 2]was recorded at T3, T4, T5 and T6. Results:DP in the P group was lower than in the T group at each time point( P<0.01). The P mean in the P group at each time point was higher than in the T group( P<0.01). EtCO 2 was higher in the P group than in the T group at T1( t=0.751, P<0.01)and T2( t=2.830, P<0.01). PaCO 2 was higher in the P group than in the T group at T1( t=1.435, P<0.01), T3( t=2.469, P<0.01)and T4( t=1.359, P<0.05). There were no statistic differences in P(A-a)O 2, OI and P(a-et)CO 2 between the two groups at any time point( P>0.05). Conclusions:Compared with the traditional ventilation strategy, the lung protective ventilation strategy has lower DP and higher P mean during laparoscopic radical prostatectomy, while it has no advantage in lung oxygenation.The lung protection ventilation strategy can be safely used in laparoscopic radical prostatectomy in the steep Trendelenburg position under general anesthesia.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910835

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the cognition of the diagnosis and management of bronchiectasis among respiratory specialists.Methods:Between May and June 2020, a questionnaire survey based on expert consensus and guidelines was conducted among respiratory specialists from 50 hospitals from Sichuan and Yunnan provinces. Total 691 questionnaires were distributed and 641 were received. 601 valid questionnaires were chosen for further analysis with an effective recovery rate of 87.0%. The respondents were required to finish the e-questionnaires independently in terms of cognition of diagnosing, severity assessment, treatments and Chinese medicines of bronchiectasis. The responses were collected online and the cognitive levels were evaluated by calculating the correct rates of corresponding questions.Results:540 (89.9%) of the respondents agreed that high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) was the gold standard for diagnosing of bronchiectasis, but 318 (52.9%) had an incomplete understanding of common radiographic manifestations of bronchiectasis, and different cognitive degrees of common radiographic manifestations of bronchiectasis existed among respondents with different qualifications or working in different levels of hospitals ( P<0.05). Only 118 (19.6%) of the respondents were familiar with severity assessments of bronchiectasis, but 65 (55.1%) of the 118 respondents said they won′t apply these severity assessments to patient during their clinical works. For the treatment of patients with stable bronchiectasis, airway clearance techniques were most recommended by specialists surveyed [410 (68.2%)], among which, postural drainage was the most known method [559 (93.0%)]. For patients undergoing an acute exacerbation, most respondents recommended antibiotics [600 (99.8%)] as the primary treatment, and examinations such as sputum culture [544 (90.5%)], inflammatory markers [523 (87.0%)] should be performed as well. 504 (83.9%) thought that pseudomonas aeruginosa was the most common conditioned pathogen for bronchiectasis. For patients with frequent exacerbations (≥3 per year), 385 (64.1%) of the respondents supported the therapeutic effect of long-term antibiotics, however, among the 385 respondents supporting long-term antibiotics, only [113 (29.4%)] were willing to recommend long-term antibiotic treatment actively during their clinical practice. Besides, 304 (50.6%) respondents held a positive attitude to the clinical effect of traditional Chinese medicine therapies. Among 304 respondents holds the point of supporting, only 86 (28.3%) were willing to recommend traditional Chinese medicine to patients actively, differences about the attitude and clinical behaviors were found between respondents working in different levels of hospitals ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Respiratory specialists′ cognition on diagnosis and treatments of bronchiectasis remains inadequate, and cognitive levels differ among respondents working in different levels of hospitals. There is a gap between respondents′ cognition and clinical practice. Further education and trainings are necessary for improving respiratory specialists′ knowledge for timely diagnosis and standard treatment of bronchiectasis.

18.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1785-1794, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910773

ABSTRACT

Objectives:To investigate the feasibility of second sacral alar-iliac (S 2AI) screw placement and trajectories index in patients with neuromuscular scoliosis with severe pelvic obliquity; and to explore the accuracy of S 2AI screw placement by O-arm three-dimensional (3D) CT navigation (Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN, USA). Methods:All of 28 patients with neuromuscular scoliosis who underwent posterior long fusion with S 2AI between January 2017 and August 2020 were reviewed, with an average age of 22.2 years old (ranged from 10 to 51 years), and the pelvic obliquity angle was 27.54±9.90° (ranged from 16.2° to 53.6°). Based on 3D CT reconstruction of these specimens, virtual S 2AI screw channels were identified and measured. Entry point was determined by 1 mm inferior and 1 mm lateral to the S 1 dorsal foramen, and virtual S 2AI screw trajectories with maximum length and width were explored by rotating 3D pelvis. The parameters of the determined channels were measured including caudal angulation on the sagittal plane (sagittal angle, SA), lateral angulation on the transverse plane (transverse angle, TA) and the maximal length of the channel (maximal length, ML). The accuracy of screw placement was evaluated by postoperative pelvic CT scan. Results:All of the virtual S 2AI screw trajectories can be reconstructed. The screw trajectory parameters were shown as follows: SA was 30.20°±21.94° and 50.94°±16.02° on the high and low sides of pelvis, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=3.990 , P<0.001). SA was 30.14°±21.93° on the anterior side of the pelvis and 51.00°±15.96° on the posterior side, respectively, with statistical significance ( t=4.027, P<0.001). TA was 43.67°±12.86° on the high side of pelvic tilt and 31.95°±13.80° on the low side, with statistical significance ( t=2.834, P=0.009). TA was 42.56°±12.52° on the anterior side of the pelvis and 33.05°±14.94° on the posterior side, respectively, and the differences were statistically significant ( t=2.192, P=0.037). ML was 97.12±12.44 mm and 92.28±11.04 mm on the high and low side of pelvis, and there was no significant difference ( t=0.963 , P=0.060). ML was 97.72±12.41 mm on the anterior sides of the pelvis and 91.68±10.57 mm on the posterior side, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=2.556 , P=0.017). SA tended to be smaller on the high side of pelvic tilt ( r=0.474, P<0.01) and TA tended to be higher on the anterior side of pelvis ( r=-0.419, P<0.01) . Only 2 screws (3.6%) showed screw breaches after surgery, with no clinically notable neurovascular or visceral complications. Conclusion:In patients of neuromuscular scoliosis with severe pelvic obliquity, the virtual S 2AI screw trajectory can be found in 3D CT reconstruction of the pelvis. But the parameters are very discrete at SA and TA. In these patients, the O-arm 3D CT navigation can be used to make sure the direction and length of the S 2AI screw, greatly improving the accuracy of screw placement and effectively descending the ratio of poor screw.

19.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1673-1682, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910760

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and efficacy of one-stage posterior-only jumping hemivertebra (HV) resection combined with respective short fusions in the treatment of congenital scoliosis (CS) caused by multiple HVs.Methods:All of 13 consecutive patients with multiple HVs treated surgically from January 2010 to December 2017 were retrospectively reviewed, including 4 males and 9 females with a mean age of 3.7±1.2 years. One child had 4 HVs, and the rest had 2 HVs. The responsible HVs causing local scoliosis/kyphosis deformity or coronal plane deviation were selected as the target of resection. The distal HV was removed firstly and then the proximal one was resected; both of the fixation vertebraes were horizontalized during surgery. The clinical and imaging data of the children before the initial operation, immediately after the operation and at the latest follow-up were collected, and the short-term and long-term complications related to surgery were recorded. The data were evaluated on the whole-standing spine anteroposterior and lateral films, including the corrections of proximal and distal main curves, coronal balance, local kyphosis, and the improvement of spinal growth height (upper and lower internal fixation length, T 1-S 1 length). At the same time, the re-progression of coronal and sagittal deformities of the spine during growth was recorded (coronal decompensation: emerging postoperative curve progression more than 20°; kyphosis progression: kyphosis aggravation between upper and lower internal fixation more than 40°) and internal-fixation-related complications (screw cutting, screw malposition) were recorded. Results:Dual HVs were resected in each child, of which 8 (61.5%) were located on contralateral side of the spine, and 5 (38.5%) were located on ipsilateral side of the spine. The follow-up time was 6.2±3.3 years (range 2.0-10.5 years) after surgery. The Cobb angles of proximal and distal main curves were 36.7°±11.8° and 35.2°±7.8° respectively before surgery and were corrected to 9.7°±6.6° and 6.1°±4.1° respectively after surgery ( F=31.249, F=93.83, P< 0.001) ( t=6.888, t=10.954, P<0.001), and the correction rates was 73.6%±19.6% and 82.7%±11.7%, respectively. They were maintained at 14.3°±5.4° and 8.0°±4.6° at the latest follow-up, showing the correction rates loss of 15.8%±26.9% and 6.9%±7%, respectively. The coronal balance improved from 17.2±14.8 mm pre-operatively to -0.2±15.7 mm postoperatively ( t=2.703, P=0.008), and it remained at 0±18.4 mm at the final follow-up ( F=4.137, P=0.024). The T 1-S 1 length was corrected to 273.8±27.3 mm postoperatively, slightly increased compared with pre-operation 256.3±24.0 mm, ( t=0.680, P=0.527), and significantly increased to 333.2±33.4 mm at the latest follow-up ( t=2.986, P<0.001; F=6.704, P=0.003). Seven patients had local kyphosis before operation, which was significantly improved from 32.2°±13.6° to 6.1°±9.8° with a correction rate of 93.4%±27.0% after surgery ( t=3.355, P=0.004), which showed no significant loss of correction at the latest follow-up (5.4°±10.4°) ( F=11.187, P=0.002). Six patients (46.2%) developed coronal decompensation (Curve magnitude >20 °), with an average of 21.7°±1.9°. Two cases (15.4%) had progressive kyphosis between the thoracic regional internal fixations at 3 months after surgery, which were 68° and 58° respectively. After bracing, both coronal decompensation and sagittal kyphosis were improved. At the last follow-up, the coronal decompensation was improved to 14.7±8.9° and the kyphosis was alleviated to 55° and 46°, respectively. Conclusion:Posterior-only skipping hemivertebra resection and short fusion is a safe, effective procedure yielding significantly improvement of the growth imbalance and reginal spinal deformities of CS with multiple HVs. The mid-term follow-up results showed that the progress of the scoliosis was common during the growth period, which could be further controlled by supplementary brace treatment.

20.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1598-1606, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910753

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy and correction mechanism of posterior column osteotomy for treatment of "Lenke 5-like" lumbar congenital scoliosis.Methods:From April 2008 to September 2019, 16 patients with lumbar congenital scoliosis underwent posterior column osteotomy were retrospectively reviewed including 6 males and 10 females, aged 23.9±11.7 years (range, 14-48 years). Among them, 8 cases were unsegmentation, 5 malformation and 3 mixed type. The average segments of PCO were 5.3. Posterior column osteotomy was adapted after the insertion of pedicle screws, then removed spinous process, ligaments, superior and inferior facet and corrected the deformity with the rods. The pre- and post-operative and last follow-up radiographic parameters were measured: Cobb angle of lumbar curve, distance between C 7 plumbline and center sacral vertical line (C7PL-CSVL), deformity angle (DA), disc correction angle (DCA) of instrumented segments, disc angle above upper instrumented vertebra (DAAU), lower instrumented vertebra disc angle (LDA), upper instrumented vertebra slope (US), lower instrumented vertebra slope (LS), lower instrumented vertebra offset (LO) and sagittal parameters such as thoracic kyphosis (TK), lumbar lordosis(LL) and thoracic junctional kyphosis (TJK). The Scoliosis Research Society-22 questionnaire (SRS-22) were conducted at preoperation and the final follow up to evaluate the clinical outcomes. Results:The mean follow-up period was 16.69±7.65 months (range, 12-36 months). The coronal DA was 26.74°±10.59° while the sagittal DA was 14.70°±11.63°. The pre- and post-operative Cobb angle were 51.19°±12.91° and 23.25°±12.86° while the correction rate was 57.17%±16.31% and reached 24.26°±13.19° in the last follow-up. The improvement of DAAU, LDA, US, LS, and LO pre- and post-operative had statistical significance ( P<0.001). The pre- and post-operative and the last follow-up C 7PL-CSVL were 27.13±17.08 mm, 21.81±12.80 mm and 20.24±15.02 mm. The pre-operative, postoperative and last follow-up DAAU were -4.35°±2.12°, 1.36°±2.34° and 1.60°±2.45°. The pre- and post-operative LDA were -7.03°±4.40° and 2.42°±3.39°, and the last follow-up LDA was 2.81°±2.98°. US and LS decreased from pre-operative 12.01°±8.33° and 21.46°±5.79° to 2.84°±7.52° and 11.64°±6.06°. The mean US and LS were 4.22°±6.56° and 11.56°±6.02° in the last follow-up. LO decreased after surgery and keep unchanged in the last follow-up, which were 12.71°±6.43°, 6.31°±5.17° and 7.01°±4.73°, respectively. For the sagittal plane parameters, the changes of TK, LL, and TJK reached statistical significance through the surgery. LL increased from 33.69°±14.01° to 44.28°±10.07° through the surgery and reached 41.97°±6.69° at the last follow-up while TK increased from 13.41°±12.37° to 23.52°±8.10°, TJK decreased from 29.02°±20.74° to 16.20°±12.62° after the surgery and reached 16.07°±13.33° at the last follow-up. The pre-operative, post-operative and last follow-up thoracic kyphosis were 13.41°±12.37°, 23.52°± 8.10°, and 24.21°±7.39°. There was no statistical significance of the change of C 7PL-CSVL, SVA, SSA and PI-LL through the surgery ( P>0.05). At the final follow-up, the self-image and psychologic status scores of SRS-22 were significantly higher than that before surgery ( t=15.457, P<0.001; t=14.726, P<0.001), and there was no significant difference in the rest of the domain ( P>0.05). Conclusion:"Lenke5-like" lumbar congenital scoliosis could obtain satisfactory correction of coronal and sagittal deformities with the treatment of posterior column osteotomy, while there was no significant loss of correction during follow-up. The incidence of surgical complications is low.

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