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1.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 330-335, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935391

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the incidence trend of liver cancer in China from 2005 to 2016, and explore the correlation between the incidence trend of liver cancer and the incidence trend of hepatitis B. Methods: The incidence data of liver cancer in China from 2005 to 2016 were collected from the Annual Report of Cancer Registry in China. The incidence data of hepatitis B were collected from China Public Health Science Data Center. World standardized incidence rate (WSR) was calculated according to the World Segi's population. Joinpoint regression model was used to analyze the trend of WSR of liver cancer [measured by average annual percentage change (AAPC)]. The age-period-cohort model was fitted to analyze the age, period and cohort effects in people aged 20- years and above. Pearson correlation coefficient was used to explore the correlation between the incidence of liver cancer and the incidence of hepatitis B. Results: The crude incidence of liver cancer in China showed a trend of first increase before 2009 and then relatively stable. The world standardized morbidity rate of liver cancer in China decreased from 19.11 per 100 000 in 2005 to 17.74 per 100 000 in 2016 (AAPC=-0.5%, 95%CI: -1.3%-0.3%, P=0.240). The incidence of liver cancer in male decreased significantly (AAPC=-1.0%, 95%CI: -1.5%--0.5%, P=0.001). The incidence of liver cancer in women increased from 2005 to 2010 [annual percentage change (APC)=1.7%, 95%CI: -0.1%-3.4%, P=0.059] but showed a significant decrease trend from 2010 to 2016 (APC=-1.6%, 95%CI: -2.3%--1.0%, P=0.001). From 2005 to 2016, the incidence of liver cancer showed a decreasing trend in urban areas (AAPC=-0.3%, 95%CI: -0.8%-0.3%, P=0.316) and rural areas (AAPC=-3.9%, 95%CI: -4.4%--3.3%, P<0.001). Risk for liver cancer increased with age, while the period effect showed a trend of first increase then decrease and cohort effect showed a decrease trend. The morbidity rates of both hepatitis B and liver cancer showed decrease trends from 2009 to 2016, and there was a significant correlation (r=0.71, 95%CI: 0.01-0.94, P=0.048). Conclusions: From 2005 to 2016, the morbidity rate of liver cancer in China showed a decrease trend, and there were significant gender and urban-rural area specific differences. Age effect had a great impact on the risk for liver cancer. With the progress of population aging in China, liver cancer is still a public health problem, to which close attention needs to be paid.


Subject(s)
Adult , China/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Incidence , Liver Neoplasms/epidemiology , Male , Rural Population , Urban Population , Young Adult
2.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1252-1255, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911353

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of histone deacetylase 3 (HDAC3) in high glucose hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) injury to primary rat cardiomyocytes and the relationship with autophagy.Methods:The primary cardiomyocytes extracted from newborn Sprague-Dawley rats, aged about 1-3 days, were divided into 5 groups ( n=24 each) according to the random number table method: control group (C group, glucose concentration 5.5 mmol/L), H/R group, high glucose group (H group, glucose concentration 30 mmol/L), high glucose H/R group (HH/R group), and high glucose H/R + HDAC3 inhibitor RGFP966 group (HH/R+ RG group). Fifty percent glucose injection was used to prepare high-glucose medium (final concentration 30 mmol/L). Cells were cultured in a hypoxic environment (5% CO 2-0.9% O 2-94.1% N 2) for 6 h, followed by reoxygenation in a normoxic environment for 2 h to establish the cardiomyocyte H/R model in H/R group.RGFP966 at a final concentration of 10 μmol/L was added at 24 h before H/R in HH/R+ RG group.At 2 h of reoxygenation, the cell viability was measured using CCK-8 kit, the activity of lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) in the cell supernatant was determined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, the level of autophagy was detected with a confocal microscope after cells were transfected with autophagy double-labeled adenovirus (mRFP-GFP-LC3), and the expression of HDAC3, p62, LC3 Ⅱ and LC3 Ⅰ was detected using Western blot.LC3Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰ ratio was calculated. Results:Compared with group C, the cell viability was significantly decreased, and the activity of LDH in supernatant was increased in H/R and H groups, the number of autophagosomes was significantly increased, the expression of HDAC3 in cardiomyocytes was up-regulated, the expression of p62 was down-regulated, and the LC3 Ⅱ/I ratio was increased in group H/R, and the number of autophagosomes was significantly decreased, the expression of HDAC3 and p62 in cardiomyocytes was up-regulated, and the LC3 Ⅱ/I ratio was decreased in group H ( P<0.05). Compared with group H/R, the cell viability was significantly decreased, the activity of LDH in supernatant was increased, the number of autophagosomes was decreased, the expression of HDAC3 and p62 in cardiomyocytes was up-regulated, and the LC3 Ⅱ/I ratio was decreased in group HH/R ( P<0.05). Compared with group H, the cell viability was significantly decreased, the activity of LDH in supernatant was increased, the number of autophagosomes was increased, the expression of HDAC3 and p62 in cardiomyocytes was up-regulated, and the LC3 Ⅱ/I ratio was increased in group HH/R ( P<0.05). Compared with group HH/R, the cell viability was significantly increased, the activity of LDH in supernatant was decreased, the number of autophagosomes was increased, the expression of HDAC3 and p62 in cardiomyocytes was down-regulated, and the LC3 Ⅱ/I ratio was increased in group HH/R+ RG ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Up-regulation of HDAC3 expression is involved in high glucose H/R injury to primary rat cardiomyocytes, which is related to decreasing the level of autophagy.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906495

ABSTRACT

Ranae Oviductus has a good tonic effect and is commonly used for both medicine and food. The use of Ranae Oviductus was confused because the origin of Ranae Oviductus was roughly recorded in ancient herbal literatures. In order to clarify the confusing literatures and trace the origin of Ranae Oviductus,this paper conducted a textual research on the name,origin,distribution,harvesting and processing,efficacy of the Chinese medicine by consulting ancient herbal books,modern literatures and monographs of traditional Chinese medicine. The results of the textual research showed that Ranae Oviductus belongs to Manchu medicine,which was first applied by the Manchu people because of its tonic effect. The original animal of Ranae Oviductus has many names,which are all translated from Manchu language. By analyzing the descriptions of Ranidae in various herbal books,it is concluded that the earliest description of the original animals of Ranae Oviductus appeared in the Shengjing Tongzhi compiled by Agui in the Qing dynasty. After summarization of the taxonomic changes of some species of Rana,the original animals of Ranae Oviductus were preliminarily determined as Rana dybowskii,R. amurensis and R. huanrenensis. We excluded R. huanrenensis by its size and R. amurensis by its poor quality. Therefore,the original animal of Ranae Oviductus is R. dybowskii,the main production area is northeast China and the best capture time is in October. Ranae Oviductus is often eaten after being stewed. The study can provide the effective basis for the identification of the original animal of Ranae Oviductus,the distribution of production area and the utilization of resources.

4.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2593-2598, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904516

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the improvement effects of Weijing deco ction on AECOPD model rats and its possibile mechanism. METHODS :Totally 55 male SD rats were randomly divided into normal group ,model group ,Weijing decoction low-dose and high-dose groups (8.37,16.74 g/kg,by crude drug ),dexamethasone group (positive control group ,0.09 mg/kg),with 11 rats in each group. Except for normal group ,AECOPD model was induced by cigarettes combined with lipopolysaccharide in other groups. After modeling ,normal group and model group were given constant volume of water intragastrically ,and other groups were given relevant medicine intragastrocally ,twice a day ,for 14 days. After last intragastric administration ,the serum level of IL- 1 β was determined,and pathological changes of lung tissue and bronchus were observed in each group ;mRNA expression of MMP-9 and TIMP- 1 genes in lung tissue were detected ;protein expression of Ras homologous gene family member (RhoA), dishevelled associated activator of morphogenesis- 1(DAAM1)and hyperplasic suppress gene (HSG)in lung tissue were also determined. RESULTS :Compared with normal group ,the levels of IL- 1β in serum,mRNA expression of MMP- 9 and TIMP-1 as well as protein expression of RhoA and DAAM 1 in lung tissue were increased significantly in the model group(P<0.05),while protein expression of HSG in lung tissue was decreased significantly (P<0.05);there were many chronic inflammatory cells infiltrating around the bronchus ,some airway mucosa epithelium exfoliating ,alveolar compensatory dilation,pulmonary septal capillary dilation and hyperemia. Compared with model group ,the levels of IL- 1β in serum,mRNA expression of MMP- 9 and TIMP- 1 in lung tissue were decreased significantly in Weijing decoction high-dose group (P<0.05);the protein expression of RhoA and DAAM 1 in lung tissue were decreased significantly in Weijing decoction low-dose and high-dose groups(P<0.05),while the protein expression of HSG in lung tissue was increased (P<0.05);the pathological changes of Weijing decoction high-dose group ,such as inflammatory cells infiltrating around the bronchus and shedding of airway mucosa , were improved significantly , and there was complete alveolar epithelium structure but no obvious pulmonary dilation. CONCLUSIONS:Weijing decoction can improve AECOPD model rats to certain extent ;its mechanism may be associated with down-regulating mRNA expression of MMP- 9 and TIMP -1 as well as protein expression of RhoA and DAAM 1 in lung tissue , up-regulating protein expression of HSG in lung tissue so as to inhibit the airway remodeling.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885055

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of nuclear receptor subfamily 1, group D, member 1/brain and muscle Arnt-like 1(Rev-erbα/Bmal1) signaling pathway in myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in diabetic rats and its relationship with autophagy.Methods:SPF-grade adult male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 6-8 weeks, weighing 200-220 g, were used in this study.Type I diabetes mellitus was induced by intraperitoneal streptozotocin 60 mg/kg.The rats were continuously fed for 8 weeks after successful establishment of the model.Thirty rats with type 1 diabetes mellitus were divided into 3 groups by a random number table method: diabetic sham operation group (DS group, n=6), diabetic myocardial I/R group (DI/R group, n=12) and diabetic myocardial I/R plus Rev-erbα antagonist SR-8278 group (DI/R+ SR group, n=12). Eighteen non-diabetic rats were divided into 2 groups by a random number table method: non-diabetic sham operation group (NS group, n=6) and non-diabetic myocardial I/R group (NI/R group, n=12). The myocardial I/R model was established by ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery for 30 min followed by 120-min reperfusion in anesthetized rats.SR-8278 2 mg/kg was intravenously injected via the femoral vein at 1 h before ischemia in group DI/R+ SR.Blood samples were collected from the carotid artery immediately after the end of reperfusion for determination of serum troponin I (cTnI), creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) and lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) levels (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay). Then the rats were sacrificed, and myocardial tissues were obtained for determination of myocardial infarct size (by TTC method), expression of Rev-erbα and Bmal1 mRNA (by real-time polymerase chain reaction) and expression of Rev-erbα, Bmal1, microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain (LC3) Ⅱ and LC3Ⅰ (by Western blot) and for calculation of the ratio of LC3 Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰand the number of autophagosomes (with a transmission electron microscope). Results:Compared with group NS, the percentage of myocardial infarct size, serum levels of cTnI, CK-MB and LDH and the number of autophagosomes were significantly increased, the expression of Rev-erbα and its mRNA in myocardial tissues was up-regulated, the expression of Bmall and its mRNA was down-regulated, and the ratio of LC3 Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰwas increased in group NI/R, and serum levels of cTnI, CK-MB and LDH were increased, the number of autophagosomes was decreased, the expression of Rev-erbα and its mRNA in myocardial tissues was up-regulated, the expression of Bmall and its mRNA was down-regulated and the ratio of LC3 Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰwas decreased in group DS ( P<0.05). Compared with group NI/R, the percentage of myocardial infarct size and serum levels of cTnI, CK-MB and LDH were significantly increased, the number of autophagosomes was decreased, the expression of Rev-erbα and its mRNA in myocardial tissues was up-regulated, the expression of Bmall and its mRNA was down-regulated, and the ratio of LC3 Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰwas decreased in group DI/R ( P<0.05). Compared with group DS, the percentage of myocardial infarct size, serum levels of cTnI, CK-MB and LDH and the number of autophagosomes were were significantly increased, the expression of Rev-erbα and its mRNA in myocardial tissues was up-regulated, the expression of Bmall and its mRNA was down-regulated, and the ratio of LC3 Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰwas increased in group DI/R ( P<0.05). Compared with group DI/R, the percentage of myocardial infarct size, serum levels of cTnI, CK-MB and LDH and the number of autophagosomes were significantly decreased, the expression of Rev-erbα and its mRNA in myocardial tissues was down-regulated, the expression of Bmall and its mRNA was up-regulated, and the ratio of LC3 Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰwas increased in group DI/R+ SR ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Rev-erbα/BMAL1 signaling pathway is involved in the process of myocardial I/R injury by regulating cell autophagy in diabetic rats.

6.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1396-1399, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933264

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of protein O-linked beta-N-acetylglucosaminylation (O-GlcNAcylation) modification in oxidative stress injury in nerve cells of mice subjected to oxygen-glucose deprivation and restoration (OGD/R).Methods:The standard mouse hippocampal neuron cell line was inoculated on a culture plate or dish at a density of 5×10 4 cells/ml and divided into 4 groups ( n=20 each) using a random number table method: normal group (N group), O-(connection)N-acetylglucosamine hydrolase (OGA) inhibitor Thiamet G group (T group), OGD/R group (D/R group) and Thiamet G+ OGD/R complex sugar group (T-D/R group). The cells were exposed to a mixed gas of 94% N 2-5% CO 2-1% O 2 for 6 h in a low-glucose medium, then medium was replaced with a common medium for restoring oxygen and glucose, and the cells were cultured for 12 h. Thiamet G at a final concentration of 1 mmol/L was added to the culture medium at 4 h before OGD/R in T-D/R group, and the medium was replaced with a medium containing Thiamet G at a final concentration of 1 mmol/L at 4 h before extraction of cellular proteins.After oxygen and glucose restoration was completed, the accumulation of cellular ROS was measured using DCFH-DA staining, mitochondrial membrane potential was measured using Jc-1 staining, O-GlcNAc modification was determined by immunofluorescence, and the expression of nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), phosphorylated JNK (p-JNK), and p53 tumor suppressor gene (p53) was detected using Western blot. Results:Compared with group N, the expression of O-GlcNAc in nerve cells was significantly up-regulated in group T, and the accumulation of ROS in nerve cells was significantly increased, JC-1 monomer was increased, JC-1 polymer was decreased, Nrf2 expression was down-regulated, and the expression of p-JNK and p53 was up-regulated in group D/R, and the expression of O-GlcNAc in nerve cells was up-regulated, the accumulation of ROS was increased, the polymerization of JC-1 monomer and JC-1 was increased, Nrf2 expression was down-regulated, and the expression of p-JNK and p53 was up-regulated in group T-D/R ( P<0.05). Compared with group D/R, the expression of O-GlcNAc in nerve cells was significantly up-regulated, the accumulation of ROS was decreased, JC-1 monomer was decreased, JC-1 polymer was increased, the expression of Nrf2 was up-regulated, and the expression of p-JNK and p53 was down-regulated in group T-D/R ( P<0.05). Conclusion:When mouse nerve cells are subjected to OGD/R, the protein O-GlcNAc modification as an endogenous protective mechanism is enhanced, which can reduce oxidative stress injury, and the mechanism may be related to regulating the Nrf2-mediated JNK pathway.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869882

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the relationship between silence information regulator 1 (SIRT1) and NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasomes during myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) in diabetic rats.Methods:SPF-grade healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 6-8 weeks, weighing 200-220 g, were used in this study.Type 1 diabetes mellitus was induced by intraperitoneal 1% streptozotocin diluted in citrate buffer solution 60 mg/kg.The rats were continuously fed for 8 weeks after successful establishment of the model.Forty-two rats with type 1 diabetes mellitus were divided into 4 groups by a random number table method: diabetic sham operation group (DS group, n=6), diabetic myocardial I/R group (DIR group, n=12), diabetic myocardial I/R plus SIRT1 agonist SRT1720 group (DIR+ SR group, n=12) and diabetic myocardial I/R plus SIRT1 inhibitor EX-527 group (DIR+ EX group, n=12). Eighteen non-diabetic rats were divided into 2 groups by a random number table method: non-diabetic sham operation group (NS group, n=6) and non-diabetic myocardial I/R group (NIR group, n=12). The myocardial I/R model was established by ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery for 30 min followed by 120-min reperfusion in anesthetized rats.Blood samples were collected from the carotid artery immediately after the end of reperfusion for determination of serum troponin I (cTnI), creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay). Then the rats were sacrificed, and myocardial tissues were obtained for determination of myocardial infarct size (by TTC method) and expression of SIRT1, NLRP3 and IL-1β (by Western blot) and for microscopic examination of pathological changes of myocardial tissues (by HE staining). The percentage of myocardial infarct size was calculated. Results:Compared with group NS, the serum levels of cTnI, CK-MB and LDH were significantly increased, the expression of SIRT1 in myocardial tissues was down-regulated, and the expression of NLRP3 and IL-1β was up-regulated in group NIR ( P<0.05). Compared with group DS, the serum levels of cTnI, CK-MB and LDH were significantly increased, the expression of SIRT1 in myocardial tissues was down-regulated, and the expression of NLRP3 and IL-1β was up-regulated in group DIR ( P<0.05). Compared with group NIR, the percentage of myocardial infarct size and serum levels of cTnI, CK-MB and LDH were significantly increased, the expression of SIRT1 in myocardial tissues was down-regulated, the expression of NLRP3 and IL-1β was up-regulated ( P<0.05), and the pathological changes were accentuated in group DIR.Compared with group DIR, the percentage of myocardial infarct size and serum levels of cTnI, CK-MB and LDH were significantly decreased, the expression of SIRT1 in myocardial tissues was up-regulated, the expression of NLRP3 and IL-1β was down-regulated ( P<0.05), and the pathological changes were significantly attenuated in group DIR+ SR, and the percentage of myocardial infarct size and serum levels of cTnI, CK-MB and LDH were significantly increased, the expression of SIRT1 in myocardial tissues was down-regulated, the expression of NLRP3 and IL-1β was up-regulated ( P<0.05), and the pathological changes were accentuated in group DIR+ EX. Conclusion:The up-regulated expression of SIRT1 can inhibit the activation of NLRP3 inflammasomes and produces endogenous protection during myocardial I/R in diabetic rats.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793316

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of smoking on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD) and respiratory symptoms. Methods A multi-stage, stratified cluster sampling strategy was used to select participants aged 40 or older in 5 surveillance points of Anhui Province. Questionnaires, body measurements and spirometry were used to collect data. Based on complex sampling design, Logistic regression model was conducted to analyze the effects of smoking on COPD and respiratory symptoms. Results The smokers who had smoked for ≥30 pack-years accounted for 13.9% (95% CI:10.3%-17.5%, P<0.001) of the total population. And the smokers who had smoked for ≥40 years accounted for 8.5% (95% CI:6.7%-10.3%, P<0.001) of the total population. On average, one smoker had smoked for 32.4 years (95% CI:31.2-33.5). Average daily cigarette consumption of daily smokers was 21.1 cigarettes (95% CI:19.6-22.7). As shown by multiple-variables Logistic regression analyses, the risk of COPD and respiratory symptoms increased with the increment of smoking pack-years and duration (all Ptrend <0.001). Conclusions Smoking was associated with COPD and respiratory symptoms. The risk of developing COPD and respiratory symptoms was greater with the increment of smoking pack-years and duration.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793280

ABSTRACT

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is an important global public health concern and a major cause of chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis and liver cancer. Many studies have shown that different genotypes and subtypes have significant differences in pathogenicity, thus affecting the disease progression and prognosis of infected individuals. So far, a total of 10 HBV genotypes and more than 40 subtypes have been reported across the world, and these subtypes have shown distinct distribution characteristics. In the present review, we systematically summarized the current situation on the global distribution of HBV genotypes.

10.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 155-158, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818393

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveThere are few studies on the correlation between the concentration of oncoembryonic antigen associated cell adhesion molecule 1(CEACAM1) and osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). The purpose of this study was to investigate the value of CEACAM1 in the early diagnosis of ONFH and the monitoring of the disease by detecting the CEACAM1 concentration in the serum of patients with ONFH and healthy subjects respectively.Methods95 patients, who were hospitalized and diagnosed as ONFH in the Department of No.3 Orthopaedic Ward, the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine from May 2016 to November 2016, were selected as the experimental group. In addition, 56 genders and age-matched healthy subjects in our hospital were selected as the control group. The peripheral venous blood was taken and separated by a centrifuge. Their CEACAM1 concentrations were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The differences in CEACAM1 concentrations were analyzed between the two groups, and between patients with ONFH before (ARCO stage I or II) and after (ARCO stage III or IV) collapse as well.Results①The concentration of CEACAM1 in the experimental group was significantly lower than that in the control group [(6.11±2.07)ng/mL vs (7.21±3.76)ng/mL, P=0.022]. ②The concentration of CEACAM1 in Arco stage II[(7.33±1.90) ng/mL] was significantly higher than that in stage III [(6.08±2.26) ng/mL], P=0.037.③The difference of CEACAM1 concentration between before(stage II) and after collapse (stage III or stage IV) was statistically different [(7.33±1.90)ng/mL vs (5.86±2.02)ng/mL, P=0.007].④ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve was 0.710 (0.608-0.798), the sensitivity was 71.79%, the specificity was 58.82%, and the cut off value was ≤ 6.757ng/mL in the diagnosis of collapse of ONFH.ConclusionThe concentration of serum CEACAM1 can be used as a biochemical marker to assist in the diagnosis and monitoring of ONFH, which can provide reference for early diagnosis and monitoring of ONFH.

11.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(11): e201901106, Nov. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054683

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate whether GDF11 ameliorates myocardial ischemia reperfusion (MIR) injury in diabetic rats and explore the underlying mechanisms. Methods: Diabetic and non-diabetic rats subjected to MIR (30 min of coronary artery occlusion followed by 120 min of reperfusion) with/without GDF11 pretreatment. Cardiac function, myocardial infarct size, creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), superoxide dismutase (SOD) 15-F2tisoprostane, autophagosome, LC3II/I ratio and Belcin-1 level were determined to reflect myocardial injury, oxidative stress and autophagy, respectively. In in vitro study, H9c2 cells cultured in high glucose (HG, 30mM) suffered hypoxia reoxygenation (HR) with/without GDF11, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine (3-MA) treatment, cell injury; oxidative stress and autophagy were assessed. Results: Pretreatment with GDF11 significantly improved cardiac morphology and function in diabetes, concomitant with decreased arrhythmia severity, infarct size, CK-MB, LDH and 15-F2tisoprostane release, increased SOD activity and autophagy level. In addition, GDF11 notably reduced HR injury in H9c2 cells with HG exposure, accompanied by oxidative stress reduction and autophagy up-regulation. However, those effects were completely reversed by H2O2 and 3-MA. Conclusion: GDF11 can provide protection against MIR injury in diabetic rats, and is implicated in antioxidant stress and autophagy up-regulation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Autophagy/drug effects , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/drug therapy , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/metabolism , Growth Differentiation Factors/pharmacology , Reference Values , Superoxide Dismutase/analysis , Cardiotonic Agents/pharmacology , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/pathology , Up-Regulation/drug effects , Cell Line , Blotting, Western , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Streptozocin , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/metabolism , Hemodynamics/drug effects , Antioxidants/pharmacology
12.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1237-1239, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824697

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of penehyelidine hydrochloride(PHCD)on tumor necrosis factor α-induced protein 8-like-2(TIPE2)-Toll-like receptor 4(TLR4)-myeloid differentiation fac-tor 88(MyD88)signaling pathway in a rat model of traumatic acute lung injury(ALI).Methods Thirty SPF healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats,aged 8 weeks,weighing 190-210 g,were divided into 3 groups(n=15 each)by a random number table method: sham operation group(group Sham),traumatic ALI group(group ALI)and group PHCD.ALI was induced by blunt chest trauma in ALI and PHCD groups.PHCD 2 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected immediately after blunt chest trauma in group PHCD.The rats were sacrificed and lung tissues were removed at 8 h after the model was successfully established for exami-nation of the pathological changes and ultrastructure of lung tissues(with a light microscope or an electron microscope)and for determination of the wet to dry weight ratio(W/D ratio)and expression of TLR4 and MyD88 in lung tissues.Results Compared with group Sham,the W/D ratio was significantly increased,TIPE2 expression was down-regulated,and the expression of TLR4 and MyD88 was up-regulated in ALI and PHCD groups(P<0.05).Compared with group ALI,the W/D ratio was significantly decreased,TIPE2 expression was up-regulated,and the expression of TLR4 and MyD88 was down-regulated(P<0.05),and the pathological changes of lung tissues and ultrastructure were significantly attenuated in group PHCD.Conclusion The mechanism by which PHCD reduces traumatic AIL is related to activating TIPE2-TLR4-MyD88 signaling pathway in rats.

13.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1001-1004, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824638

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the relationship between tumor necrosis factor-alpha-induced protein 8-like 2 (TIPE2) and caspase-11 during pyroptosis in macrophages of mice.Methods J774A.1 macrophages of mice were divided into 4 groups (n =6 each) using a random number table method:nonspecific siRNA (Scr-siRNA) group (S group),Scr-siRNA plus LPS/ATP group (S+LPS/ATP group),TIPE2-siRNA group (T group) and TIPE2-siRNA plus LPS/ATP group (T+LPS/ATP group).The corresponding siRNA and Lipofectamine2000 transfection reagents were added to each group,and transfection was performed for 24-48 h,and in addition LPS 1.0 μg/ml was then added,cells were incubated for 5 h,then ATP 5.0 mmol/L was added,and cells were incubated for 1 h in S + LPS/ATP and T + LPS/ATP groups.Cells were collected to detect the expression of TIPE2,caspase-11,NOD-like receptor familypyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) and caspase-1 (by Western blot).The supernatant was collected for determination of lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activities and concentrations of interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) and IL-18 (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay).Results Compared with group S,the expression of TIPE2 was significantly down-regulated,the expression of caspase-11,NLRP3 and caspase-1 was up-regulated,and the activities of LDH and MPO and concentrations of IL-1β and IL-18 in supernatant were increased in group S+LPS/ATP (P<0.05).Compared with group T,the expression of TIPE2 was significantly down-regulated,the expression of caspase-11,NLRP3 and caspase-1 was up-regulated,and the activities of LDH and MPO and concentrations of IL-1β and IL-18 in supernatant were increased in group T+LPS/ATP (P<0.05).Compared with group S+LPS/ATP,the expression of TIPE2 was significantly down-regulated,the expression of caspase-11,NLRP3 and caspase-1 was up-regulated,and and the activities of LDH and MPO and concentrations of IL-1β and IL-18 in supernatant were increased in group T+LPS/ATP (P<0.05).Conclusion TIPE2 inhibits pyroptosis in macrophages through down-regulating the expression of caspase-11 in mice.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824636

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of histone deacetylase 3 (HDAC3) in renal injury induced by myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) in diabetic rats.Methods SPF healthy adult male Sprague-Dawley rats,weighing 210-220 g,were used in this study.Diabetes mellitus was induced by intraperitoneal injection of 1% streptozotocin 60 mg/kg.Eighteen diabetic rats were divided into 3 groups (n =6each) using a random number table method:sham operation group (group S),group I/R and HDAC3 inhibitor RGFP966 group (RG).The myocardial I/R model was established by ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery for 30 min followed by 120-min reperfusion.RGFP966 10 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected at 1 h before myocardial ischemia in group RG.The right internal carotid artery was isolated at 120 min of reperfusion for measurement of serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH),creatine kinase-MB (CKMB),creatinine (Cr) and urea nitrogen concentrations.Renal tissues were obtained for examination of the pathological changes and for determination of the expression of HDAC3,silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β).The damage to the renal tubules was scored.Results Compared with S group,the serum LDH,CK-MB,Cr and urea nitrogen concentrations and renal tubular damage score were significantly increased,the expression of HDAC3 and IL-1β was up-regulated,and the expression of SIRT1 was down-regulated in group I/R (P<0.05).Compared with group I/R,the serum LDH,CK-MB,Cr and urea nitrogen concentrations and renal tubular damage score were significantly decreased,the expression of HDAC3 and IL-1β was down-regulated,and the expression of SIRT1 was up-regulated in group RG (P<0.05).Conclusion Up-regulated expression of HDAC3 is involved in renal injury induced by myocardial I/R in diabetic rats.

15.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1001-1004, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805828

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the relationship between tumor necrosis factor-alpha-induced protein 8-like 2 (TIPE2) and caspase-11 during pyroptosis in macrophages of mice.@*Methods@#J774A.1 macrophages of mice were divided into 4 groups (n=6 each) using a random number table method: non-specific siRNA (Scr-siRNA) group (S group), Scr-siRNA plus LPS/ATP group (S+ LPS/ATP group), TIPE2-siRNA group (T group) and TIPE2-siRNA plus LPS/ATP group (T+ LPS/ATP group). The corresponding siRNA and Lipofectamine2000 transfection reagents were added to each group, and transfection was performed for 24-48 h, and in addition LPS 1.0 μg/ml was then added, cells were incubated for 5 h, then ATP 5.0 mmol/L was added, and cells were incubated for 1 h in S+ LPS/ATP and T+ LPS/ATP groups.Cells were collected to detect the expression of TIPE2, caspase-11, NOD-like receptor familypyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) and caspase-1 (by Western blot). The supernatant was collected for determination of lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activities and concentrations of interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) and IL-18 (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay).@*Results@#Compared with group S, the expression of TIPE2 was significantly down-regulated, the expression of caspase-11, NLRP3 and caspase-1 was up-regulated, and the activities of LDH and MPO and concentrations of IL-1β and IL-18 in supernatant were increased in group S+ LPS/ATP (P<0.05). Compared with group T, the expression of TIPE2 was significantly down-regulated, the expression of caspase-11, NLRP3 and caspase-1 was up-regulated, and the activities of LDH and MPO and concentrations of IL-1β and IL-18 in supernatant were increased in group T+ LPS/ATP (P<0.05). Compared with group S+ LPS/ATP, the expression of TIPE2 was significantly down-regulated, the expression of caspase-11, NLRP3 and caspase-1 was up-regulated, and and the activities of LDH and MPO and concentrations of IL-1β and IL-18 in supernatant were increased in group T+ LPS/ATP (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#TIPE2 inhibits pyroptosis in macrophages through down-regulating the expression of caspase-11 in mice.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805826

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the role of histone deacetylase 3 (HDAC3) in renal injury induced by myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) in diabetic rats.@*Methods@#SPF healthy adult male Sprague-Dawley rats, weighing 210-220 g, were used in this study.Diabetes mellitus was induced by intraperitoneal injection of 1% streptozotocin 60 mg/kg.Eighteen diabetic rats were divided into 3 groups (n=6 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (group S), group I/R and HDAC3 inhibitor RGFP966 group (RG). The myocardial I/R model was established by ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery for 30 min followed by 120-min reperfusion.RGFP966 10 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected at 1 h before myocardial ischemia in group RG.The right internal carotid artery was isolated at 120 min of reperfusion for measurement of serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB), creatinine (Cr) and urea nitrogen concentrations.Renal tissues were obtained for examination of the pathological changes and for determination of the expression of HDAC3, silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β). The damage to the renal tubules was scored.@*Results@#Compared with S group, the serum LDH, CK-MB, Cr and urea nitrogen concentrations and renal tubular damage score were significantly increased, the expression of HDAC3 and IL-1β was up-regulated, and the expression of SIRT1 was down-regulated in group I/R (P<0.05). Compared with group I/R, the serum LDH, CK-MB, Cr and urea nitrogen concentrations and renal tubular damage score were significantly decreased, the expression of HDAC3 and IL-1β was down-regulated, and the expression of SIRT1 was up-regulated in group RG (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Up-regulated expression of HDAC3 is involved in renal injury induced by myocardial I/R in diabetic rats.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801796

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of Trichosanthis Pericarpium aqueous extract(TPAE)in protecting H9c2 cells from hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) injury by activating phosphatidylionsitol-3-kinase/protein kinase B/nitric oxide(PI3K/Akt/NO) signaling pathway. Method: The 2.5 mmol·L-1 Na2S2O4 was used to induce the model of H9c2 cardiomyocytes H/R injury in the experiments. The cultured H9c2 cardiomyocytes were randomly divided into normal group, H/R group (model group) and inhibition group (LY294002, 10 μmol·L-1). In the H/R + TPAE group, 50 mg·L-1 TPAE was added to the cultures at 24 h before H/R exposure. Cell viability was measured by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay. The amounts of NO, endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), and induced nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) were tested by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits. Reverse transcription-quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) was performed to analyze relative mRNA expressions of Akt, eNOS and iNOS. Western blot was used to detect the expressions of Akt, p-Akt (Ser 473), eNOS, and iNOS. Result: Compared with the normal control group,the cell viability significantly decreased in the model control group (PPPPPPPPConclusion: TPAE can protect H9c2 cardiomyocytes from H/R injury by activating PI3K/Akt signaling pathway,which might be related to the up-regulation of the mRNA and protein expressions of eNOS, the down-regulation of the level of iNOS, and the increase of the production of physiological amounts of NO.

18.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1237-1239, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797066

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the effect of penehyelidine hydrochloride (PHCD) on tumor necrosis factor α-induced protein 8-like-2 (TIPE2)-Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)-myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) signaling pathway in a rat model of traumatic acute lung injury (ALI).@*Methods@#Thirty SPF healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats, aged 8 weeks, weighing 190-210 g, were divided into 3 groups (n=15 each) by a random number table method: sham operation group (group Sham), traumatic ALI group (group ALI) and group PHCD.ALI was induced by blunt chest trauma in ALI and PHCD groups.PHCD 2 mg/kg was intraperitoneally injected immediately after blunt chest trauma in group PHCD.The rats were sacrificed and lung tissues were removed at 8 h after the model was successfully established for examination of the pathological changes and ultrastructure of lung tissues (with a light microscope or an electron microscope) and for determination of the wet to dry weight ratio (W/D ratio) and expression of TLR4 and MyD88 in lung tissues.@*Results@#Compared with group Sham, the W/D ratio was significantly increased, TIPE2 expression was down-regulated, and the expression of TLR4 and MyD88 was up-regulated in ALI and PHCD groups (P<0.05). Compared with group ALI, the W/D ratio was significantly decreased, TIPE2 expression was up-regulated, and the expression of TLR4 and MyD88 was down-regulated (P<0.05), and the pathological changes of lung tissues and ultrastructure were significantly attenuated in group PHCD.@*Conclusion@#The mechanism by which PHCD reduces traumatic AIL is related to activating TIPE2-TLR4-MyD88 signaling pathway in rats.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755649

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of dexmedetomidine on NLRP3 inflammasome during acute lung injury ( ALI ) induced by blunt chest trauma and hemorrhagic shock-resuscitation in rats. Methods Forty-five SPF healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats, weighing 200-220 g, were divided into 3 groups (n=15 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (Sham group), ALI group and dexmedetomidine group ( Dex group) . A rat model of ALI was established by blunt chest trauma and hemorrhagic shock-resuscitation. Dexmedetomidine 5 μg·kg-1 ·h-1 was infused into the femoral vein after blunt chest trauma in Dex group. Blood samples were collected from the femoral artery at 6 h after blunt chest trauma for measurement of arterial oxygen partial pressure and concentrations of pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin-1beta ( IL-1β) and IL-18 in serum ( by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay ) . The oxygenation index was calculated. The rats were sacrificed and lungs were removed for examination of the pathological changes which were scored and for determination of the expression of NLRP3, caspase-1 and apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing CARD ( ASC) in lung tissues ( by Western blot) and ac-tivities of lactic dehydrogenase ( LDH) and myeloperoxidase ( MPO) in lung tissues ( by colorimetry) . Re-sults Compared with Sham group, PaO2 and oxygenation index were significantly decreased, the expres-sion of NLRP3, caspase-1 and ASC was up-regulated, the activities of LDH and MPO were increased, and the concentrations of IL-1β and IL-18 in serum were increased in ALI group ( P<0. 05 ) . Compared with ALI group, PaO2 and oxygenation index were significantly decreased, the expression of NLRP3, caspase-1 and ASC was down-regulated, the activities of LDH and MPO were decreased, and the concentrations of IL-1β and IL-18 in serum were decreased in ALI group ( P<0. 05) . Conclusion Dexmedetomidine can al-leviate blunt chest trauma and hemorrhagic shock-resuscitation induced ALI in rats, and the mechanism is related to inhibition of NLRP3 inflammasome activation and reduction of inflammatory response.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755587

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the role of tumor necrosis factor α-induced protein 8-like-2 ( TIPE2) in pyroptosis in macrophage of mice using small interfering RNA ( siRNA) technique. Methods J774A. 1 macrophages of mice were divided into 4 groups ( n=6 each) using a random number table method: non-specific siRNA (Scr-siRNA) group (S group), Scr-siRNA plus LPS∕ATP group (S+LPS∕ATP group ) , TIPE2-siRNA group ( T group ) and TIPE2-siRNA plus LPS∕ATP group ( T+LPS∕ATP group) . The corresponding siRNA and Lipofectamine2000 transfection reagents were added to each group, and transfection was performed for 24-48 h, and in addition LPS 1. 0 μg∕ml was then added, cells were incubated for 5 h, then ATP 5. 0 mmol∕L was added, and cells were incubated for 1 h in S+LPS∕ATP and T+LPS∕ATP groups. Cells were collected to detect the expression of TIPE2, NOD-like receptor familypyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3), caspase-1, apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase activation and recruitment domain ( ASC) and Gasdermin D ( GSDMD) ( by Western blot) . The superna-tant was collected for determination of lactic dehydrogenase ( LDH) activity and concentrations of interleu-kin-1beta (IL-1β) and IL-18 (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay). Results Compared with group S, the expression of TIPE2 was significantly down-regulated, the expression of NLRP3, caspase-1, ASC and GSDMD was up-regulated, and the LDH activity and concentrations of IL-1βand IL-18 in supernatant were increased in group S+LPS∕ATP ( P<0. 05) . Compared with group T, the expression of TIPE2 was sig-nificantly down-regulated, the expression of NLRP3, caspase-1, ASC and GSDMD was up-regulated, and the LDH activity and concentrations of IL-1βand IL-18 in supernatant were increased in group T+LPS∕ATP (P<0. 05). Compared with group S+LPS∕ATP, the expression of TIPE2 was significantly down-regulated, the expression of NLRP3, caspase-1, ASC and GSDMD was up-regulated, and the LDH activity and con-centrations of IL-1βand IL-18 in supernatant were increased in group T+LPS∕ATP ( P<0. 05) . Conclusion Application of siRNA technique once again confirms that TIPE2 can inhibit pyroptosis in macrophages of mice.

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