Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 743
Filter
1.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 114-120, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012791

ABSTRACT

Objective Alpha-1-acid glycoprotein (ORM) was a new target for the development of weight loss drugs. To search for potential weight loss drugs that could target ORM from the compound library of already marketed drugs based on drug repurposing. Methods The pGL4.20-ORM1 promoter recombinant plasmid was contructed and validated, and then a lentiviral vector was utilized to establish stable AML12 cell lines expressing ORM1 promoter-LUC-PURO. This cell line was employed for high-throughput screening of compounds from the marketed drug library, and the luminescence value of the cells was characterized by enzyme marker. Results Primary screening and secondary screening of 1 470 compounds identified 42 compounds that increased ORM1 promoter expression and could be used for further weight loss effect assessment. Conclusion This study successfully constructed LV-AML12-ORM1 promoter-LUC-PURO stable expression cell lines using lentiviral vectors, laying a foundation for efficient and stable screening of weight loss drugs targeting ORM.

2.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 80-82, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011107

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility of using self-made visual throat forceps to remove hypopharyngeal foreign bodies. Methods:The throat forceps were combined with the endoscope and connected to a monitor via a data cable resulting in a visual throat forceps apparatus. This device was utilized to examine and treat the hypopharyngeal foreign bodies. Results:Among 53 patients, foreign bodies were detected in 51,with 48 cases involving hypopharyngeal foreign bodies. All were successfully extracted using the visual throat forceps. Three cases, diagnosed as esophageal foreign bodies by electronic gastroscopy, were treated using the same method. Conclusion:Visual throat forceps can be used to examine the hypopharynx and remove foreign bodies. It has the advantages of simple operation, rapid operation, and high success rate of foreign body removal from the hypopharynx. It is worthy of clinical application.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hypopharynx/surgery , Pharynx/surgery , Endoscopes , Surgical Instruments , Foreign Bodies/diagnosis
3.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 9-9, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010722

ABSTRACT

Tumor progression is closely related to tumor tissue metabolism and reshaping of the microenvironment. Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), a representative hypoxic tumor, has a heterogeneous internal metabolic environment. To clarify the relationship between different metabolic regions and the tumor immune microenvironment (TME) in OSCC, Single cell (SC) and spatial transcriptomics (ST) sequencing of OSCC tissues were performed. The proportion of TME in the ST data was obtained through SPOTlight deconvolution using SC and GSE103322 data. The metabolic activity of each spot was calculated using scMetabolism, and k-means clustering was used to classify all spots into hyper-, normal-, or hypometabolic regions. CD4T cell infiltration and TGF-β expression is higher in the hypermetabolic regions than in the others. Through CellPhoneDB and NicheNet cell-cell communication analysis, it was found that in the hypermetabolic region, fibroblasts can utilize the lactate produced by glycolysis of epithelial cells to transform into inflammatory cancer-associated fibroblasts (iCAFs), and the increased expression of HIF1A in iCAFs promotes the transcriptional expression of CXCL12. The secretion of CXCL12 recruits regulatory T cells (Tregs), leading to Treg infiltration and increased TGF-β secretion in the microenvironment and promotes the formation of a tumor immunosuppressive microenvironment. This study delineates the coordinate work axis of epithelial cells-iCAFs-Tregs in OSCC using SC, ST and TCGA bulk data, and highlights potential targets for therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/metabolism , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck , Mouth Neoplasms/metabolism , Immunosuppression Therapy , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Gene Expression Profiling , Tumor Microenvironment
4.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 257-265, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014661

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the effect of dapagliflozin on myocardial injury in type 1 diabetes mice and its mechanism. METHODS: Normal C57BL / 6J male mice were randomly divided into normal control group (Control), diabetes cardiomyopathy group (DCM) and dapagliflozin group (DAPA). The model of diabetes was induced by streptozotocin (STZ) and given maintenance feed. DAPA group was given 10 mg · kg

5.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 631-637, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013929

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of RORα antagonist T0901317 promoting EMT (epithelial-mesenchymal transition) of human gastric cancer MGC803 cells by RORα/β-catenin signal. Methods Cell proliferation was detected by MTT. Cell migration and invasion were detected by cell scratch and Transwell assay respectively. RORα/β-catenin signaling molecules were detected by Western blot and immunofluorescence. RORα binding to β-catenin protein was detected by immunoprecipitation. Results MTT assay showed that the proliferation ability of T0901317 cells increased in a time-dependent manner compared with MGC803 cells (P < 0. 05). Cell scratches and Transwell experiments showed that the migration and invasion ability of T0901317 cells were significantly enhanced compared with MGC803 cells (P < 0. 05). Western blot analysis showed that RORα protein was significantly down-regulated after T0901317 compared with untreated group (P < 0. 05), and total β-catenin protein and nuclear β-catenin in MGC803 cells were up-regulated after T0901317 (P < 0. 05). Compared with the control group, RORα protein binding to β-catenin protein significantly decreased after T0901317 treatment (P < 0. 05). Compared with MGC803 cells treated with T0901317, the long spindle cells increased and the heteromorphism was more obvious. T0901317 significantly up-regulated the expression of Rac1, TGFβ1 and Vimentin in MGC803 cells (P < 0. 05), and inhibited the expression of E-cadherin (P < 0. 05). Conclusion T0901317 can promote the proliferation, migration, invasion and EMT in human gastric cancer MGC803 cells by RORα/β-catenin signal.

6.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1234-1241, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013923

ABSTRACT

Aim To observe whether the mechanosensitive ion channel Piezo1 was involved in the senescence of atrial fibroblasts by activating β-catenin based on our previous study which found marked increase of Piezo1 mRNA in senescent atrial fibroblasts. Methods Primary mouse atrial fibroblasts (MAFs) were isolated from male C57BL/6 mice (3-4 weeks) by enzyme digestion, and tert-butyl hydroperoxide (TBHP) was used to induce the senescence of cells. The ratio of senescent cells was detected by senescence-associated β-galactosidase (SA-β-Gal) staining. The protein levels of Piezo1, β-catenin/p-β-catenin, senescence-associated proteins p53 and p21 in the cells treated with TBHP (100 μmol · L

7.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 781-786, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013905

ABSTRACT

Aim To observe the effect of Gupi Xiaoji Decoction (GPXJY) on the structure and function of mitochondria of human hepatoma cell HepG2 cells and explore its possible mechanism. Methods CCK8 was used to detect cell proliferation, Mito-Tracker Green fluorescence staining was used to observe the mitochondrial structure, flow cytometry was used to detect the membrane potential, Elisa was used to detect the ATP content, fluoroscopic electron microscopy was used to observe the microstructure changes, and high-content screening(HCS) was used to detect the related proteins. Results Fluorescence staining showed that GPXJY damaged the mitochondria of HepG2 cells and decreased the content of ATP. The results of flow cytometry showed that GPXJY could reduce the mitochondrial membrane potential of HepG2 cells. The results of electron microscope showed that GPXJY made the mitochondria of cancer cells swell and so on. HCS found that GPXJY significantly reduced the average fluorescence intensity of Bcl-2 in HepG2 cells, and significantly increased the average fluorescence intensity of apoptosis promoting proteins Bax, cytochrome-c, caspase-3 and cleaved-caspase-3, which was statistically significant. Conclusion GPXJY can regulate the structure and function of mitochondria in HepG2 cells.

8.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1613-1617, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013701

ABSTRACT

Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are a class of molecular targeted drugs that inhibit the activation of downstream signaling pathways by inhibiting oncogene-related receptor tyrosine kinases to exert anti-cancer effects. TKIs are superior to traditional chemotherapeutics in terms of selectivity, effectiveness and safety, and are widely used in the treatment of cancer. However, TKIs-induced liver injury is one of the difficult problems in its clinical application. In this article, relevant literatures from domestic and abroad are reviewed and the research progress in the classification, clinical application of TKIs and the mechanism of TKIs-induced liver injury are summarized. This review intends to provide a reference for further elucidating the mechanism of TKIs-induced liver injury, and seeking effective prevention and treatment methods.

9.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 409-413, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995570

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical application of Grunenwald incision in cervicothoracic junction surgery.Methods:The clinical data of 25 patients with cervicothoracic junction tumor and 1 patient with cervicothoracic junction trauma in the single treatment group of Department of Thoracic Surgery, the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University from December 2011 to September 2021 were analyzed retrospectively, including 19 males and 7 females, aged 9-73 years old. Among the 26 patients, there were 9 cases of upper mediastinal tumor, 6 cases of superior sulcus tumor, 4 cases of thyroid tumor invading the upper mediastinal, 4 cases of chest wall tumor, 2 cases of esophageal cancer combined with supraclavicular lymph node metastasis, and 1 case of foreign body penetrating injury at the cervicothoracic junction. Grunenwald incision or additional posterolateral thoracic incision, median sternal incision, neck collar incision were used in all patients. The degree of tumor resection was evaluated. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, length of hospital stay were observed, and the postoperative follow-up was analyzed.Results:There was no perioperative death in the whole group. 14 cases were treated with Grunenwald incision alone, 6 cases with additional posterolateral chest incision, 4 cases with additional neck collar incision, and 2 cases with additional median sternal incision. The tumors were completely resection in 22 cases, palliative tumor resection in 3 cases, and complete foreign body removal in 1 case. Postoperative pathology included 4 cases of schwannoma; 3 cases of lung adenocarcinoma, thyroid cancer and myofibroblastoma, respectively; 2 cases of supraclavicular lymph node metastasis of esophageal cancer and lung squamous carcinoma, respectively; 1 case of large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma, metastatic carcinoma of the first rib after lung squamous cell carcinoma, ganglioneuroma, nodular goiter, hemangioma, well differentiated liposarcoma, vascular endothelial tumor and cavernous angioma, respectively. The operation time was 120-430 min, with a mean of(226.92±88.40)min. The intraoperative blood loss was 100-1 000 ml, with a mean of(273.46±196.34)ml. The length of hospital stay was 6-26 days, with a mean of(12.73±4.46 )days. 26 patients were followed up for 6-130 months, with a mean of(57.88±43.64) months. During the follow-up period, 6 patients died.Conclusion:Grunenwald incision can provide good exposure of the structures near the cervicothoracic junction, preserve the integrity of sternoclavicular joint, reduce shoulder deformity, and has advantages for patients with cervicothoracic junction tumors, high rib resection, and cervicothoracic junction trauma.

10.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 136-141, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994456

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze measurement results of serum allergen-specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) in patients with eczema/dermatitis.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted on serum allergen-specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels in 3 051 patients with eczema/dermatitis, who visited the allergy clinic of Huashan Hospital from April 1, 2021 to March 31, 2022. The serum allergen-specific IgE level was detected by using the Phadia allergen detection system, and positive rates of allergens were calculated to determine common inhaled allergens and food allergens in patients with eczema/dermatitis. Comparisons of enumeration data between groups were performed by chi-square test.Results:Among the 3 051 patients with eczema/dermatitis, there were 1 412 with atopic dermatitis and 1 639 were other eczema/dermatitis. Detection of serum allergen-specific IgE showed that 1 629 (53%) patients were positive for allergens, and the number of positive allergen-specific IgEs in each patient was 3.0 ± 1.6. The top 3 common inhaled allergens in patients with eczema/dermatitis were Dermatophagoides farinae (904/1 522, 59%) , Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (891/1 513, 59%) and Alternaria alternata (206/1 068, 19%) , and the top 3 common food allergens were shrimps (251/1 432, 18%) , egg white (165/992, 17%) and cow milk (149/994, 15%) . Among the 3 051 patients, 25 (1%) were aged < 2 years, 571 (19%) aged 2 - 12 years, 285 (9%) aged 12 - 18 years, and 2 170 (71%) were aged > 18 years. The most common food allergens were both egg white in the age groups of < 2 years and 2 -12 years (77%, 37%, respectively) , and were both shrimps in the age groups of 12 - 18 years and > 18 years (31%, 17%, respectively) . Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus and Dermatophagoides farina were the top 2 common inhaled allergens in all age groups, with the positive rate ranging from 36% to 84%; in addition, the positive rate of molds was relatively high in the age group of 2 - 12 years (mold mixture: 37%; Alternaria alternata: 27%) . From April 2021 to March 2022, the positive rate of outdoor allergens ranged from 10% to 15% among outpatients in every month; the positive rates of tree pollen and grass pollen increased from April 2021, and peaked in October 2021. The patients with atopic dermatitis showed a significantly increased positive rate of allergens (73%) compared with those with other eczema/dermatitis (37%, χ2 = 389.36, P<0.001) , and the rank of common allergens in the patients with atopic dermatitis was basically the same as that in those with eczema/dermatitis. Conclusions:The common allergens were Dermatophagoides farina, Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus and Alternaria alternata in the patients with eczema/dermatitis. Food allergy was more common in infant patients, and inhalation allergy was more common in child, adolescent and adult patients. The positive rate of allergen-specific IgEs was markedly higher in the patients with atopic dermatitis than in those with other eczema/dermatitis.

11.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 404-409, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993826

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the metabolic profile of fatty acids in elderly frail patients, and its value as a biomarker of frailty.Methods:Forty-nine older adults were recruited, of whom 19 were non-frail while 15 were in the pre-frail or frail phase.Targeted metabolomics was used to detect the serum levels of fatty acids, concerning 38 short-, medium-and long-chain fatty acids.Results:Metabolomics indicated elevated levels of 9 long-chain fatty acids in the serum of the elderly frail patients, with a 1.056-fold increase in the risk of fatigue for every 1 unit increase in the level of HOMO-γ-linolenic acid( OR=2.056, P=0.016). No metabolic differences were found between the pre-frail and non-frail groups.Three and seven long-chain fatty acids were negatively correlated with the grip strength and gait speed, respectively.The γ-linolenic acid was positively correlated with body mass index(BMI), percent body fat, visceral fat area and other indicators reflecting adipose tissue.However, no correlation was found between skeletal muscle, laboratory indicators or fatty acids.Five metabolic pathways were correlated with frailty, namely fatty acid biosynthesis, fatty acid metabolism, fatty acid elongation in mitochondria, linoleic acid metabolism and α-linolenic acid metabolism. Conclusions:Nine unsaturated fatty acids, including HOMO-γ-linolenic acid and γ-linolenic acid, may be potential biomarkers of frailty in the elderly.However, the value of fatty acid metabolomics for identifying pre-frail elderly people needs to be further investigated.

12.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 584-591, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993235

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of estimated dose of radiation to immune cells (EDRIC) on overall survival (OS), local progression-free survival (LPFS) and distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) in limited-stage small-cell lung cancer (LS-SCLC) with different tumor burdens.Methods:Clinical data of 216 patients with LS-SCLC who initially received conventional fractionated radiotherapy of the chest for radical treatment in Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital from 2013 to 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. EDRIC was calculated based on the model developed by Jin et al. and tumor burdens were assessed by gross tumor volume (GTV) or clinical stage. The study endpoints were OS, LPFS and DMFS, which were calculated from the date of diagnosis. The optimal cut-off value of EDRIC was calculated by R language. The correlation between EDRIC and tumor burdens was analyzed using Spearman's correlations. Survival analysis was performed by Cox proportional hazards regression model and Kaplan-Meier curve. Results:The median follow-up time for the whole group was 47.8 months, and the median OS and DMFS was 34.6 months and 18.5 months, respectively, while the median LPFS did not reach. The optimal cut-off value of EDRIC was 6.8 Gy. Cox multivariate analysis showed that EDRIC was an independent prognostic factor affecting OS and DMFS. EDRIC was weakly correlated with GTV or clinical stage. Stratified by the median GTV, OS ( P=0.021) and DMFS ( P=0.030) were significantly shortened and LPFS had a tendency of shortening ( P=0.107) when EDRIC>6.8 Gy compared with those when EDRIC ≤ 6.8 Gy in the GTV ≤ 34.6 cm 3 group; EDRIC had little effect on OS, LPFS, and DMFS ( P=0.133, 0.420, 0.374) in the GTV>34.6 cm 3 group. Stratified by clinical stage, OS ( P=0.003) and DMFS ( P=0.032) were significantly shortened and LPFS ( P=0.125) tended to shorten when EDRIC>6.8 Gy in stage I, II and IIIA groups; EDRIC exerted slight effect on OS, LPFS, and DMFS ( P=0.377, 0.439, 0.484) in stage IIIB and IIIC groups. Conclusion:EDRIC is an important factor affecting prognosis and exerts more significant impact on prognosis in patients with smaller tumor burden.

13.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 70-74, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993153

ABSTRACT

For locally advanced (T 3-4/N +M 0) rectal cancer (LARC), neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) followed by total mesorectal excision (TME) is the standard treatment, which have been demonstrated to decrease the local recurrence rate and increase the tumor response grade. However, the distant metastasis remains an unresolved issue. Radiotherapy and immunotherapy can supplement each other and the combination of the two treatments has a good theoretical basis. Recently, multiple clinical trials are ongoing in terms of the combination of nCRT and immunotherapy in LARC. These trials have achieved promising short-term efficacy in both microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) and microsatellite stable (MSS) rectal cancers, which could further improve the rate of tumor response and rate of pathological complete response, increase the possibility of organ preservation and "watch and wait" approach. Large-scale clinical trials need to be performed in the future to demonstrate these findings and to improve long-term prognosis.

14.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 600-607, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992862

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application value of two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (2D-STE) in measuring the global longitudinal peak strain of the right atrium (PRAGLS) in normal fetuses and evaluating PRAGLS in assessing right atrial function in fetuses with moderate and severe tricuspid regurgitation (TR).Methods:A total of 25 fetuses diagnosed with moderate and severe TR, who underwent fetal echocardiography at Run Run Shaw Hospital, Zhejiang University College of Medicine between October 2020 and May 2022, were selected as the case group. Their gestational age ranged from 25.00(24.00, 30.00)weeks. Additionally, 100 normal singleton fetuses were chosen as the control group, with a gestational age of 25.83(23.00, 28.75)weeks. Standard basal or apical four-chamber clips were acquired and inputted into TOMTEC-ARENA offline cardiac analysis software for analysis. The fetal PRAGLS values of the two groups were obtained, as well as the routine obstetric ultrasound measurements and fetal echocardiographic parameters of both groups: fetal heart rate (FHR), biparietal diameter (BPD), femur length (FL), aortic annulus inner diameter (AO), pulmonary annulus inner diameter (PA), PA/AO ratio, right atrial end-systolic length (RAESL), right atrial end-systolic diameter (RAESD), right atrial end-systolic area (RAESA), right ventricular end-diastolic diameter (RVEDD), and tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE). The peak TR velocity and pressure gradient were simultaneously measured in the case group.The differences in fetal PRAGLS and other parameters between the two groups were compared and analyzed. The correlation between fetal PRAGLS and gestational age (GA) and routine measurements was assessed for both groups. Intra- and inter-observer repeatability tests were conducted using the intragroup correlation coefficient (ICC).Results:A significant difference in PRAGLS was observed between the two groups ( t=11.55, P<0.01). The TAPSE difference between the two groups was also statistically significant ( Z=3.45, P=0.01). Notable differences were found in AO, PA, PA/AO, RAESL, RAESD, and RAESA between the two groups (all P<0.05), but no significant differences were identified in age, GA, FHR, BPD, FL, and RVEDD between the two groups (all P>0.05). PRAGLS in the control group exhibited a moderate negative correlation with GA ( r=-0.47, P<0.01) and were correlated with BPD, FL, AO, PA, RAESL, RAESD, RAESA, and RVEDD ( r=-0.50, -0.46, -0.39, -0.43, -0.45, -0.36, -0.43, -0.32, all P<0.05). No significant correlation was observed with maternal age, FHR, PA/AO, and TAPSE (all P>0.05). No significant correlation between PRAGLS and GA or other conventional parameters was found in the case group (all P>0.05). The inter-measurer and intra-measurer ICC of PRAGLS in the control group were 0.87 and 0.79, respectively, while the inter-measurer and intra-measurer ICC of PRAGLS in the case group were 0.94 and 0.97, respectively, demonstrating good consistency. Conclusions:2D-STE exhibits strong feasibility and reproducibility in assessing fetal atrial function.Fetuses with moderate and severe TR display decreased PRAGLS, suggesting impaired right atrial reservoir function. Right atrial strain introduces a novel method for evaluating fetal cardiac function.

15.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 544-548, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992746

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the short-term effects of proximal femoral bionic nail (PFBN) and proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) in the treatment of intertrochanteric fracture.Methods:Retrospectively analyzed were the data of 56 patients with intertrochanteric fracture of the femur who had been admitted to Department of Orthopedic Trauma, The People's Hospital of Juye County and Trauma Center, Central Hospital Affiliated to The First Medical University of Shandong from August 2020 to April 2022. The patients were divided into 2 even groups according to their internal fixation methods ( n=28). In the PFBN fixation group, there were 12 males and 16 females with an age of (70.4±7.8) years; by AO classification, there were 4 cases of type 31-A1, 16 cases of type 31-A2, and 8 cases of type 31-A3. In the PFNA fixation group, there were 10 males and 18 females with an age of (73.0±8.9) years; by AO classification, there were 2 cases of type 31-A1, 16 cases of type 31-A2, and 10 cases of type 31-A3. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, fracture reduction, fracture healing time, Harris hip score, and complications were compared between the 2 groups. Results:There was no statistically significant difference between the 2 groups in the preoperative general data, showing comparability ( P>0.05). The follow-up time was (7.3±0.9) months for the PFBN group and (7.4±1.1) months for the PFNA group, showing no significant difference ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference either between the 2 groups in operation time, intraoperative blood loss or quality of fracture reduction ( P>0.05). The PFNA group had significantly shorter fracture healing time [(3.9±0.9) months] than the PFNA group [(4.7±1.1) months], and a significantly higher Harris hip score at the last follow-up [(83.9±4.3) points] than the PFNA group [(81.0±3.4) points] (both P<0.05). Fixation failed in one patient in the PFNA group due to cut-out of the head and neck screws while no complications were observed in the PFBN group. Conclusion:In the treatment of intertrochanteric fracture of the femur, PFBN fixation may result in stronger fixation to effectively avoid cut-out of the head and neck screws, and faster fracture healing and functional recovery of the hip than PFNA fixation.

16.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 321-325, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991746

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of surgery with the Yeung endoscopic spine system (YESS) technique on lumbar range of motion and limb function in patients with lumbar disc herniation.Methods:A total of 148 patients with lumbar intervertebral disc herniation admitted to Liaocheng Second Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University from April 2018 to April 2021 were included in this study. They were randomly divided into control and observation groups ( n = 74/group). The control group was treated with laminectomy, and the observation group was treated with an intervertebral foramen mirror YESS. The lumbar range of motion, Oswestry disability index score, and incidence of surgical complications were compared between the two groups. Results:At postoperative 7 days, ranges of motion in lumbar flexion, lumbar extension, left lumbar lateral flexion, and right lumbar lateral flexion in the observation group were (87.45 ± 7.38)°, (26.87 ± 3.41)°, (28.58 ± 3.41)°, (28.39 ± 3.41)°, which were significantly higher than (68.98 ± 6.51)°, (15.69 ± 3.23)°, (18.69 ± 2.32)°, (14.56 ± 2.96)° in the control group ( t = 16.15, 20.48, 20.63, 26.35, all P < 0.001). At postoperative 7 days, the Oswestry Disability Index in each group was significantly decreased compared with before treatment (both P < 0.05). At postoperative 7 days, the score of each dimension of the Oswestry Disability Index in the observation group was significantly lower compared with the control group ( t = 49.13, 50.20, 54.78, 37.79, 32.04, 36.68, 43.69, 28.92, 39.31, 64.12, all P < 0.001). There were no significant differences in the incidences of perioperative incision infection, nerve injury, cerebrospinal fluid leaks, lumbar spondylolisthesis, and foot drop between the two groups (all P > 0.05). Conclusion:Treatment of lumbar intervertebral disc herniation with the YESS technique is helpful to improve lumbar mobility and reduce lumbar dysfunction and is highly safe.

17.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 102-107, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990971

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the predictors of poor outcomes after emergency intracerebral thrombectomy based on the characteristics of cerebral angiography.Methods:A total of 146 patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) who received endovascular treatment in Loudi Central Hospital from March 2019 to February 2022 were included in the study, and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) was performed on the patients. The patients were divided into a good prognosis group (95 cases) and a poor prognosis group (51 cases) by the modified Rankin scale 3 months after operation. Gender, age, time from onset to visit, time from onset to puncture, proportion of intravenous thrombolysis, occlusion site, treatment strategy, National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score, core infarct volume, ischemic hypoperfusion volume, collateral circulation classification, and venous drainage status were compared between the two groups score; Logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors affecting the poor prognosis of patients; Receive Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the predictive value of collateral circulation classification and venous drainage status score for poor prognosis of patients, and the differences in general data and imaging data were compared between groups with different collateral circulation grades and venous drainage status.Results:Compared with the good outcome group, the time from onset to visit, NIHSS score, core infarct volume, ischemic hypoperfusion volume, the proportion of thrombectomy alone, and collateral circulation classification in the poor outcome group [2 (2, 3) levels. 2 (1, 2) level] and venous drainage score [5 (4, 6) points vs. 6 (6, 8) points] increased ( P<0.05), and the proportion of recanalization grade 2b/3 decreased ( P<0.05); NIHSS score, collateral circulation grade and venous drainage status were predictors of poor outcome within 3 months after mechanical thrombectomy ( OR = 2.51, 1.93, 2.61, P<0.05); collateral circulation grade and venous drainage score predicted mechanical thrombectomy in patients with AIS, the area under curve (AUC) of poor outcome after thrombectomy were 0.714 and 0.829, respectively; the time from onset to visit between patients with poor collateral circulation, moderate and good AIS [(236.95 ± 21.03) min, (250.41 ± 21.32) min, (255.72 ± 20.98 min)], core infarct volume [52 (17, 80) ml, 25 (15.5, 30) ml, 15 (10, 25) ml] and venous drainage scores [5 (4, 6) points, 5 (5, 8) points, 5 (5, 8) points] were significantly different ( P<0.05); time from onset to visit in patients with poor venous drainage, moderate and good AIS (234.81 ± 21.22 min), (256.83 ± 20.88) min, (258.97 ± 21.35) min], core infarct volume [17(13, 45) ml, 26(25, 29) ml, 20 (11, 29) ml] and collateral circulation classification [2 (1, 2) level, 2 (1, 3) level, 2 (2, 3) level] were significantly different ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Collateral grading and venous drainage scores based on DSA imaging were predictors of poor outcomes within 3 months of mechanical arterial thrombectomy in patients with AIS.

18.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 374-378, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990188

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct a simple model of arteriovenous fistula classification,and to achieve the classification of arteriovenous fistula in hemodialysis patients.Methods:The study was a retrospective analysis, a total of 304 hemodialysis patients with internal fistula in People′s Hospital of Deyang City from January 2016 to January 2021 were selected by convenience sampling method,depending on whether the internal fistula was dysfunctional, patients were divided into 64 in the internal fistula failure group and 240 in the internal fistula patency group. Independent influence factors and their regression coefficient were obtained by single-factor analysis and logistic regression analysis, The risk score formula was established based on the regression coefficient to form a simple model of internal fistula classification.The model was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic curve and the scoring criteria for internal fistula classification was determined.Results:Logistic regression analysis showed that diabetes mellitus, hypotension, age≥60 years old, compression time≥30 min, blood phosphorus>1.78 mmol/L, triglyceride>1.71 mmol/L and fibrinogen>4 g/L were independent influencing factors of internal fistula failure (all P<0.05).The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.858(95% CI 0.789-0.928, P<0.01), and the best critical value of the internal fistula classification was 7.5, the sensitivity was 80.4% and the specificity was 84.8%. Conclusions:By obtaining the predictors of internal fistula failure, conducted the risk score, and constructed a simple model of internal fistula classification, which can effectively predicted the risk of internal fistula failure. It is conducive to the implementation of internal fistula classification management and the puncture of corresponding grade, to ensure the pathway safety of patients.

19.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 421-425, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989652

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical effect of modified Shishi Niubangzi Decoction combined with strengthening muscle-waist exercise on lumbar disc herniation (LDH).Methods:Randomized controlled trial. A total of 60 patients with LDH admitted to the Pinggu Hospital, Beijing Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital, were enrolled as the research objects between September 2020 and September 2021. According to the random number table, they were randomly divided into the treatment group and control group, 30 in each group. Both groups were given routine basic treatments (strengthening tendons-waist exercise and three-position six-step manipulation). On this basis, the treatment group was treated with modified Shishi Niubangzi Decoction, while the control group was treated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (ibuprofen codeine sustained-release tablets). Both groups were treated for 4 weeks. The responsive rates, back pain intensity, leg pain and numbness by Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and lumbar function by Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), and Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) were compared between the two groups.Results:The response rate of treatment group was significantly higher than that of control group (93.3% vs. 73.3%; χ2=4.32, P=0.038). After treatment, scores of JOA (subjective symptoms, signs, activities of daily living) in the treatment group were significantly higher than those in the control group ( t=3.86, 2.71, 2.21, P<0.05). After treatment, scores of back pain (2.12±0.21 vs. 3.02±0.32, t=12.88), leg pain (2.04±0.64 vs. 2.64±0.66, t=3.58), lower limb numbness (1.75±0.24 vs. 2.41±0.70, t=4.89) in the treatment group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( P<0.01). At 1 week and 1 month after treatment, ODI scores in treatment group were significantly lower than those in control group ( t=10.22, 5.59; P<0.05). Conclusion:The modified Shishi Niubangzi Decoction combined with strengthening tendons-waist exercise can improve responsive rates, improve lumbar pain and function in LDH patients.

20.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 437-442, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989478

ABSTRACT

Stroke is the leading cause of death among urban and rural residents in China. About 25% to 30% of ischemia stroke is related to atherosclerotic carotid stenosis. The main treatments for carotid stenosis include carotid endarterectomy, carotid artery stenting and best medical therapy. In recent years, clinical trial evidence on the treatment of carotid artery stenosis continues to emerge, in which a series of new arguments and consensus have emerged. In addition, with the innovation of surgical techniques and the reform of intracavitary instruments, new surgical techniques and surgical equipment have been extended. This article summarizes the latest evidence-based and technical progress in the treatment of carotid artery stenosis in recent years, in order to provide theoretical guidance for the clinical practice of carotid artery stenosis.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL