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1.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 302-306, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920772

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine the effects of bisphenol A (BPA), bisphenol S ( BPS ), bisphenol F ( BPF ) and bisphenol AF ( BPAF ) on the proliferation and oxidative stress of BRL 3A rat liver cells, and to preliminarily evaluate their mutagenicities.@*Methods@#In vitro cultured BRL 3A rat liver cells were treated with BPA, BPS, BPF and BPAF at concentrations of 0, 5, 10, 25, 50, 100, 150 and 200 μmol/L for 48 h, respectively. Then, the cell viability was determined using the CCK-8 assay, and the half maximal inhibitory concentration ( IC50 ) was calculated. The minimum inhibitory concentration for BRL 3A cell proliferation was screened, and the intracellular reactive oxygen species ( ROS ) was measured in BRL 3A cells using the 2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate ( DCFH-DA ) assay. In addition, the effects of BPA, BPS, BPF and BPAF at concentrations of 1 000, 200, 40, 8 and 1.6 μg/plate on the mutant colonies of histidine-deficient Salmonella typhimurium ( TA1535, TA97a, TA98, TA100 and TA102 ) were tested using the Ames test.@*Results@#Treatment with BPA and BPF at concentrations of 100 to 200 μmol/L and with BPAF at concentrations of 25 to 200 μmol/L inhibited BRL 3A cell survival at a concentration-dependent manner, while exposure to BPS at concentrations of 5 to 200 μmol/L resulted in no changes in BRL 3A cell survival. The IC50 values of BPA, BPS, BPF and BPAF were 131.7, >200, 187.5 and 21.6 μmol/L against BRL 3A cells, respectively. Treatment with BPS at 100 μmol/L or BPAF at 25 μmol/L caused no significant changes in the ROS level; however, exposure to BPA at 100 μmol/L and BPF at 100 μmol/L significantly increased the ROS level. Ames test showed that BPA, BPS, BPF and BPAF did not induce mutagenicity in TA1535, TA97a, TA98, TA100 or TA102 strains.@*Conclusions@#BPAF shows the highest cytotoxicity to BRL 3A cells, and low-concentration exposure to BPS has few effects on BRL 3A cells. The cytotoxicity of bisphenols against BRL 3A cells may be associated with the induction of oxidative stress. None of the four bisphenols show mutagenic effects under the present experimental conditions.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928757

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the changes of Ⅻ antithrombin (FⅫa-AT), thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1), and lupus anticoagulant (LA) ratio in the peripheral blood factor of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and the clinical value of combined diagnosis of thrombotic events.@*METHODS@#A total of 133 SLE patients treated in Xingtai People's Hospital were selected and divided into simple SLE group (105 cases) and SLE complicated with thrombosis group (28 cases) according to whether thrombotic events occurred, and 102 cases of healthy people in the same period were selected as control. The clinical data of the 3 groups, the level of peripheral blood FⅫa-AT, TSP-1, and LA ratio were compared, the relationship between each peripheral blood index and SLE disease activity index (SLEDAI) score were analyzed. The influencing factors of thrombotic events in SLE patients were analyzed, and the value of each peripheral blood index in the diagnosis of SLE complicated with thrombotic events were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#The proportion of the patients with age ≥60 year, hypertension, and smoking history in SLE complicated with thrombosis group was higher than those in simple SLE group and control group (P<0.05). The SLEDAI score, peripheral blood FⅫa-AT, TSP-1, LA ratio levels of the patients in SLE complicated with thrombosis group were significantly higher than those in simple SLE group and control group, and the simple SLE group was significantly higher than the control group (P<0.05). FⅫa-AT, TSP-1, LA ratio in peripheral blood of SLE patients were positively correlated with SLEDAI score (r=0.663, 0.578 and 0.625). Age, blood pressure, smoking history, peripheral blood FⅫa-AT, TSP-1, LA ratio were the important influencing factors of thrombotic events in SLE patients (P<0.05). The AUC diagnosed by the FⅫa-AT, TSP-1, and LA ratio in peripheral blood was 0.881, the 95% CI was 0.813-0.931, the sensitivity was 82.14%, and the specificity was 91.43%, which was superior to each index alone (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Peripheral blood FⅫa-AT, TSP-1, LA ratio level changes in SLE patients are significantly related to disease activity, and the combined diagnosis of thrombotic events is more reliable.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/complications , Risk Factors , Thrombosis/etiology , Thrombospondin 1
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927873

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the potential targets of triclosan in the treatment of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease(NAFLD) and to provide new clues for the future research on the application of triclosan. Methods The targets of triclosan and NAFLD were obtained via network pharmacology.The protein-protein interaction network was constructed with the common targets shared by triclosan and NAFLD.The affinity of triclosan to targets was verified through molecular docking.Gene ontology(GO) annotation and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment were carried out to analyze the key targets and the potential mechanism of action.NAFLD model was established by feeding male C57BL/6J mice with high-fat diet for 12 weeks.The mice were randomly assigned into a model group and a triclosan group [400 mg/(kg·d),gavage once a day for 8 weeks].The hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was used for observation of the pathological changes and oil red O staining for observation of fat deposition in mouse liver.Western blotting was employed to detect the protein level of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha(PPARα) in the liver tissue. Results Triclosan and NAFLD had 34 common targets,19 of which may be the potential targets for the treatment,including albumin(ALB),PPARα,mitogen-activated protein kinase 8(MAPK8),and fatty acid synthase.Molecular docking predicted that ALB,PPARα,and MAPK8 had good binding ability to triclosan.KEGG pathway enrichment showcased that the targets were mainly enriched in peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor signaling pathway,in which ALB and MAPK8 were not involved.Triclosan alleviated the balloon-like change and lipid droplet vacuole,decreased the lipid droplet area,and up-regulated the expression level of PPARα in mouse liver tissue. Conclusion PPARα is a key target of triclosan in the treatment of NAFLD,which may be involved in fatty acid oxidation through the peroxisome proliferator activated receptor signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Liver/pathology , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Molecular Docking Simulation , Network Pharmacology , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/drug therapy , PPAR alpha/therapeutic use , Triclosan/therapeutic use
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927851

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the mechanism of puerarin inhibiting the proliferation,invasion,and migration of non-small cell lung cancer cells. Methods A549 cells were cultured and treated with different concentrations of puerarin.The inhibition rate (IR) on cell proliferation was detected by CCK-8,and qRT-PCR was performed to detect the mRNA levels of miR-490 and denticleless E3 ubiquitin protein ligase(DTL).Double luciferase reporter assay was employed to identify the targets of miR-490 and DTL based on the establishment of NC mimic group,miR-490 mimic group,NC inhibitor group,and miR-490 inhibitor group.The cells treated by 20 μmol/L puerarin were classified into six groups:DMSO,puerarin,puerarin+NC inhibitor,puerarin+miR-490 inhibitor,puerarin+miR-490 inhibitor+Si-NC,and puerarin+miR-490 inhibitor+Si-DTL.Transwell was used to detect cell migration and invasion.Western blotting was performed to detect the protein levels of epithelial-mesenchymal transition-related markers E-cadherin,N-cadherin,and Vimentin. Results With the increase in puerarin concentration,the IR gradually elevated (F=105.375,P<0.001),miR-490 expression gradually increased (F=32.919,P<0.001),and DTL expression gradually decreased (F=116.120,P<0.001).Compared with NC mimic group,miR-490 mimic group had decreased luciferase activity (t=7.762,P=0.016),raised miR-490 mRNA level (t=13.319,P<0.001),and declined DTL mRNA level (t=7.415,P=0.002).Compared with those in NC inhibitor group,miR-490 demonstrated decreased mRNA level (t=9.523,P=0.001) and DTL presented increased mRNA level (t=11.305,P<0.001) in miR-490 inhibitor group.Western blotting showed that the protein level of DTL was higher in NC mimic group (t=7.953,P=0.001) than in miR-490 mimic group and higher in miR-490 inhibitor group than in NC inhibitor group (t=10.552,P<0.001).Compared with DMSO group,puerarin group showed up-regulated mRNA level of miR-490 (t=10.255,P=0.001) while down-regulated mRNA level of DTL (t=6.682,P=0.003).Compared with those in puerarin+NC inhibitor group,the mRNA level of miR-490 declined (t=10.995,P<0.001) while that of DTL raised (t=12.478,P<0.001) in puerarin+miR-490 inhibitor group.The mRNA level of miR-490 had no significant difference between puerarin+miR-490 inhibitor+Si-NC group and puerarin+miR-490 inhibitor+Si-DTL group (t=1.081,P=0.341),and that of DTL was lower in the latter group (t=14.321,P<0.001).The protein level of DTL was higher in puerarin+miR-490 inhibitor group than in puerarin+NC inhibitor group (t=11.423,P<0.001),and lower in puerarin+miR-490 inhibitor+Si-DTL group than in puerarin+miR-490 inhibitor+Si-NC group (t=12.080,P<0.001).Compared with DMSO group,puerarin group showed inhibited cell proliferation (F=129.27,P<0.001).The activity of cell proliferation was higher in puerarin+miR-490 inhibitor group than in puerarin+NC inhibitor group (F=75.12,P<0.001),and higher in puerarin+miR-490 inhibitor+Si-NC group than in puerarin+miR-490 inhibitor+Si-DTL group (F=52.59,P<0.001).Compared with DMSO group,puerarin group had suppressed cell migration (t=8.963,P=0.001).The cell migration ability was higher in puerarin+miR-490 inhibitor group than in puerarin+NC inhibitor group (t=12.117,P<0.001) and higher in puerarin+miR-490 inhibitor+Si-NC group than in puerarin+miR-490 inhibitor+Si-DTL group (t=12.934,P<0.001).Puerarin group showed weakened cell invasion ability compared with DMSO group (t=4.710,P=0.009).The cell invasion ability was higher in puerarin+miR-490 inhibitor group than in puerarin+NC inhibitor group (t=13.264,P<0.001) and lower in puerarin+miR-490 inhibitor+Si-DTL group than in puerarin+miR-490 inhibitor+Si-NC group (t=13.476,P<0.001).Compared with DMSO group,puerarin group showed up-regulated protein level of E-cadherin (t=7.137,P=0.002) while down-regulated protein levels of N-cadherin (t=8.828,P=0.001) and vimentin (t=6.594,P=0.003).Compared with those in puerarin+NC inhibitor group,the protein level of E-cadherin (t=12.376,P<0.001) decreased while those of N-cadherin (t=13.436,P<0.001) and vimentin (t=11.467,P<0.001) increased in puerarin+miR-490 inhibitor group.Compared with puerarin+miR-490 inhibitor+Si-NC group,puerarin+miR-490 inhibitor+Si-DTL group up-regulated the protein level of E-cadherin (t=13.081,P<0.001) while down-regulated the protein levels of N-cadherin (t=10.835,P<0.001) and vimentin (t=11.862,P<0.001). Conclusion Puerarin could inhibit the proliferation,invasion,and migration of non-small cell lung cancer cells by up-regulating miR-490 and down-regulating DTL.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Humans , Isoflavones/pharmacology , Lung Neoplasms , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/metabolism
5.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 283-293, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927604

ABSTRACT

With the acceleration of the aging society, neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD), have become a rapidly growing global health crisis. Recent studies have indicated that microglia-neuron interactions are critical for maintaining homeostasis of the central nervous system. Genome-Wide Association Studies and brain imaging studies have suggested that microglia are activated in early stage of neurodegenerative diseases. Microglia are specialized phagocytes in the brain. The discovery of a new phagocytic pathway, trogocytosis, suggests that there is a close interaction between microglia and surviving neurons. In this review, we summarize the important roles of microglia in neurodegenerative diseases, and further analyze the functions and molecular mechanisms of microglia phagocytosis and trogocytosis.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease , Genome-Wide Association Study , Humans , Microglia/metabolism , Neurodegenerative Diseases , Phagocytosis/physiology
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909522

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect and molecular mechanism of capsaicin receptor(TRPV1) on neuronal autophagy and depression-like behavior in mice.Methods:Using the method of random number table, 87 C57 male mice were divided into Sham operation group (Sham group), cerebral ischemia/reperfusion group (I/R group) and capsazepine(CPZ) preconditioning cerebral ischemia/reperfusion group (I/R+ CPZ group), with 28 mice in each group due to 3 incompatible.Mice in the I/R group were subjected to right middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) to establish a cerebral ischemia-reperfusion model.Mice in the I/R+ CPZ group were injected with CPZ in the lateral ventricle prior to moulding.Mice in the Sham group had only wire plugs inserted and no arterial embolization was performed.The mNSS score was used to evaluate the degree of neurological deficits.The depression-like behaviour of mice was detected by the tail suspension test and forced swimming test.The infarct volume was observed by TTC staining.The pathological changes in the amygdala were observed by HE staining, and the expression of Beclin-1, LC3, p62 and p-PI3K, p-AKT and p-mTOR proteins were detected by Western blot.Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 23.0 software.The t-test was used for comparison between two groups and one-way ANOVA was used for comparison of multiple group. Results:The neurological deficit score in I/R+ CPZ group (9.77±2.32) was significantly lower than that in I/R group (12.85±2.73) ( t=3.10, P<0.01). Compared with I/R group, the tail suspension immobility time of I/R+ CPZ Group ((93.28±50.69)s, (143.80±35.61) s; t=2.94, P<0.01) and the forced swimming immobility time ((139.50±13.33)s, (175.30±19.78)s; t=2.94, P<0.01) were significantly reduced.The results of TTC staining showed that the cerebral infarct volume in I/R+ CPZ group was significantly lower than that in I/R group ((19.30±5.19)%, (33.60±3.90)%; t=5.40, P<0.01). HE staining showed that the number of cells in the amygdala region of mice in the I/R+ CPZ group increased compared with that in the I/R group, with tighter arrangement and reduced deep staining of nuclear fixation.Western blot showed that compared with I/R group, the expression levels of autophagy related proteins Beclin-1( t=2.94, P<0.05) and LC3 ( t=3.16, P<0.05) in amygdala of I/R+ CPZ group were down-regulated, while the expression levels of p62( t=3.60, P<0.05), p-PI3K ( t=7.79, P<0.01), p-AKT ( t=4.15, P<0.01) and p-mTOR ( t=6.15, P<0.01) were up-regulated. Conclusion:Cerebral ischemia/reperfusion activates neuronal autophagy, and CPZ may regulate the PI3K-AKT-mTOR pathway, thus inhibits excessive activation of autophagy, thereby acting as a neuroprotective agent and improving post-stroke depression-like behaviour.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873624

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the perioperative results and safety of minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass grafting (MIDCAB) treatment of anterior descending artery disease through a small left thoracic incision assisted by thoracoscopy. Methods    The clinical data of 92 patients who received MIDCAB in our hospital from May 2014 to October 2018 were retrospectively analyzed, including 72 (78.26%) males aged 42-78 (61.2±7.48) years, and 20 (21.74%) females aged 30-80 (61.30±12.26) years. The perioperative complications, blood product use, left heart function changes, ventilator use time, ICU stay, hospital stay and other indicators were analyzed. Results    Two (2.17%) patients were transferred to thoracotomy, 5 (5.43%) patients received blood products during the operation, 2 (2.17%) were subjected to secondary thoracotomy to stop bleeding, 4 (4.34%) had postoperative hypoxemia and 1 (1.08%) was reintubated. The ventilator use time was 3-227 (22.35±35.39) hours, the ICU stay was 16-777 (78.85±108.62) hours, and the postoperative hospital stay was 2-36 (8.86±6.05) days. One (1.08%) patient died in hospital. Conclusion    MIDCAB for anterior descending artery disease has good perioperative results, especially for solitary anterior descending artery disease, which can reduce the use of blood products, and shorten the time of ventilator use after operation, ICU stay and hospital stay.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906358

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the efficacy and mechanism of Shugan Jianpi Jiedu prescription (SJJ) in the treatment of triple-negative breast cancer through <italic>in vitro</italic> cell experiments. Method:The following groups were set up in this study: a normal serum group,a pirarubicin group,and low-,medium-, and high-dose SJJ-medicated serum groups. Twenty SD rats were randomly divided into four groups and administered with SJJ solution (16.8,8.2,4.05 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) and normal saline (equal volume) according to the body surface area to prepare serum. MDA-MB-231 cells were treated separately. The proliferation, migration and invasion of MDA-MB-231 cells were detected by the cell counting kit-8(CCK-8),wound healing assay and transwell cell invasion assay. The phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K),protein kinase B (Akt), and mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) protein expression levels in MDA-MB-231 cells were tested by the Western blot. Result:The cell proliferation in the three different doses of medicated serum groups and the pirarubicin positive control group was significantly inhibited as compared with that in the normal serum group(<italic>P</italic><0.01),and there was no statistical difference for this between the medium/high dose medicated serum group and the pirarubicin positive control group.The wound healing in the SJJ-medicated serum groups and the pirarubicin group was slowed down as compared with that in the normal serum group (<italic>P</italic><0.01),and the effect in the SJJ-medicated serum groups was weaker than that in the pirarubicin group (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The number of cells invading the lower transwell chamber was decreased as compared with that in the normal serum group (<italic>P</italic><0.01),and there was no statistical difference between the medium-/high-dose SJJ-medicated serum groups and the pirarubicin group. Western blot results showed that 48 h after treatment,the PI3K,Akt, and mTOR expression levels in the cells of SJJ-medicated serum groups and the pirarubicin group were lower than those of the normal serum group(<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:The SJJ-medicated serum could inhibit the proliferation, migration and invasion of MDA-MB-231 cells presumedly by down-regulating the protein expression levels in the PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905193

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the activation characteristics of trapezius muscle in normal people, and explore whether different interventions could restore the activation pattern of people with abnormal trapezius muscles to normal during subsequent exercises. Methods:From September to October, 2017, 20 persons with normal shoulder joints (control group) and 20 persons with mild discomfort in shoulder joints (observation group) participated in the study. All of them were treated randomly with four steps, including no intervention, static traction of upper trapezius muscle (UT), isometric contraction of lower trapezius muscle (LT) and combined intervention. Then, they were asked to complete three actions, including straight arm side lifting, sitting in rowing and flying birds. Myoelectric signal was recorded before and after test. Results:Compared with the control group, the UT activation degree increased (P < 0.05), and the activation time shortened (P < 0.05); the activation degrees of middle trapezius muscle (MT) and LT decreased (P < 0.05), and the activation time delayed (P < 0.05); the ratios of UT/LT and UT/MT increased (P < 0.05) in the observation group with no intervention. After static traction of UT, isometric contraction of LT, and both interventions, the MVE%, activation time and the ratios of activation varied in different muscles under different actions in both groups (P < 0.05). Conclusion:In different actions, the activation degree and activation time of three trapezius muscles are different. Static traction of UT and isometric contraction of LT before exercise could improve the activation pattern of trapezius muscles of people with shoulder joint discomfort during exercise, which is conducive to the normal function of the shoulder joint.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912170

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the efficacy of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) for patients with metastases to the pancreas.Data on patients with pancreatic lesions who underwent EUS-FNA and confirmed as having metastases to the pancreas at the Endoscopy Center of Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University from January 2015 to November 2020 were retrospectively analyzed.Characteristics of patients, EUS performance, pathological results, and follow-up were reviewed and analyzed. A total of 11 patients were diagnosed of metastasis to pancreas by EUS-FNA.The primary tumor mainly came from kidney (4/11) and lung (4/11), and the rest from colon (1/11), breast (1/11) and bladder (1/11), respectively. EUS performance of metastases to the pancreas mostly presented homogeneous hypoecho (10/11)with unclear margin (6/11). Enlarged lymphnodes were noticed in nearly half of the patients (5/11). The time span from detection of primary tumor to metastases ranged from 6 days to 27 years. EUS-FNA is effective in the diagnosis of metastases to the pancreas.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912138

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and efficacy of a novel endoscopic anastomosis clip for the stomach perforation via an animal trial.Methods:Six pigs were used as experimental animals, and two perforation models (10-20 mm in diameter) were created by an endoscopic needle-knife in the stomach of each pig. The perforations were then closed by the novel detachable endoscopic anastomosis clip. The animal survival and healing of the lesions were recorded. All the clips were taken out 30 days after operation through endoscopy. Half of the animals were immediately after clip extraction and the other half of the animals survived for another 30 days owing to observation.Results:All clips were implanted successfully and all lesions healed during 30 days after the operation. All animals survived. The clip natural shedding rate was 33.3%(4/12), and the rest of clips were successfully disassembled and removed. All animals were alive 30 days after clip removal with lesions healed.Conclusion:The novel anastomosis clip is safe and effective in animal experiments with easy to operate. It could be recommended for further clinical research with good clinical prospect.

12.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 825-828, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911797

ABSTRACT

Extensive intracranial calcification is rare in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. This article reported a patient with antiphospholipid antibody syndrome secondary to systemic lupus erythematosus, complicated with bilateral symmetrical extensive intracranial calcification. By reviewing literature, the results suggested that the flare of neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus and the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies may be risk factors for intracranial calcification. Therefore, in order to prevent the formation of intracranial calcification, it is necessary to maintain continuous disease remission and anticoagulant therapy.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911289

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of intra-articular injection of different concentrations of ozonated water on articular cartilage of rabbits with osteoarthritis (OA).Methods:Twenty-four clean-grade New Zealand white rabbits of both sexes, weighing 2.0-3.0 kg, aged 6 months, were divided into 4 groups ( n=6 each) using a random number table method: control group (group C), OA group, low concentration ozonated water group (L group) and high concentration ozonated water group (H group). The OA model was established by intra-articular injection of papain.At 2 weeks after the model was successfully established, 10.0 and 20.0 μg/ml ozonated water 1.0 ml was injected into the knee joint of rabbits in L and H groups, respectively, and 0.9% sodium chloride solution 1.0 ml was injected once a week, 3 times in total in OA group.At 1 week after the last injection, the cartilage tissue of the knee joint was removed and stained with toluidine blue for evaluation of Mankin score (under light microscope). The activity of caspase-3 in chondrocyte was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results:Compared with group C, the Mankin score and caspase-3 activity were significantly increased in the other 3 groups ( P<0.05). Compared with group OA, the Mankin score and caspase-3 activity were significantly decreased in group L and group H ( P<0.05). Compared with group L, the Mankin score was significantly increased, and the activity of caspase-3 was decreased in group H ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Injecting ozonated water 10.0 μg/ml and 20.0 μg/ml into the knee joint cavity both can inhibit the apoptosis in chondrocytes and reduce the damage to articular cartilage, however, high concentration of ozonated water can cause the denaturation of the articular cartilage matrix in rabbits with OA.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910533

ABSTRACT

Objective:To help clinicians simplify the post-processing operations of structures by developing rapid processing software for target area and organs at risk structures based on ESAPI.Methods:SmartStructure script software was developed based on ESAPI, verified and evaluated in clinical work. 10 cases of rectal cancer receiving neoadjuvant radiotherapy, 10 breast cancer treated with postoperative radiotherapy, 10 cervical cancer receiving postoperative radiotherapy, 10 nasopharyngeal carcinoma receiving radical radiotherapy and 10 lung stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) were selected, and different types of tumors had different post-processing operations of structures. In each case, three methods were used for post-processing of structures. In the control group (manual group), normal manual processing was employed. In the experimental group 1(SmaStru-N group), scripts without templates were utilized. In the experimental group 2(SmaStru-P group). scripts combined with templates were adopted. The processing time of the three methods was compared. Clinicians scored the scripting software from multiple aspects and compared the feeling scores of scripting software and manual operation.Results:All three methods can be normally applied in clinical settings. The error rate in the manual group was 7.0%, 3.0% in the SmaStru-N group 0% in the SmaStru-P group, respectively. Compared with the manual method, SmaStru-N shortened the processing time of target area and organs at risk by 60.9% and 93.3% for SmaStru-P. In addition, SmartStructure was superior to manual method in terms of using feeling scores. Clinicians gave lower score for the" applicability" and" simplicity" , and higher score on the" accuracy" and" efficiency" .Conclusions:Compared with conventional manual structure processing method, SmartStructure software can rapidly and accurately process all structures of the target area and organs at risk, and its advantages become more obvious with the increasing number of structures that need to be processed. SmartStructure software can meet clinical requirements, reduce the error rate, elevate processing speed, improve the working efficiency of clinicians, providing basis for the development of adaptive radiotherapy.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910523

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze and explore the common radiomics features of radiation pneumonitis (RP) in patients with lung cancer and esophageal cancer, and then establish a prediction model that can predict the occurrence of RP in two types of cancer after radiotherapy.Methods:Clinical data of 100 patients with stage Ⅲ lung cancer and 100 patients with stage Ⅲ esophageal cancer who received radical radiotherapy were retrospectively analyzed. The RP was graded by imaging data and clinical information during follow-up, and the planning CT images were collected. The whole lung was used as the volume of interest to extract radiomics features. The radiomics features, clinical and dosimetric parameters related to RP were analyzed, and the model was constructed by machine learning.Results:A total of 1691 radiomics features were extracted from CT images. After ANOVA and LASSO dimensionality reduction in lung cancer and esophageal cancer patients, 8 and 6 radiomics features associated with RP were identified, and 5 of them were the same. Using the random forest to construct the prediction model, lung cancer and esophageal cancer were alternately used as the training and validation sets. The AUC values of esophageal cancer and lung cancer as the independent validation set were 0.662 and 0.645.Conclusions:It is feasible to construct a common prediction model of RP in patients with lung cancer and esophageal cancer. Nevertheless, it is necessary to further expand the sample size and include clinical and dosimetric parameters to increase its accuracy, stability and generalization ability.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910501

ABSTRACT

Radiotherapy (RT) is one of the three prevailing therapeutics for tumors. With rapid development of immunotherapy (IM), the combination of IM and RT has gainned increasingly widespread attention. Cytotoxic T lymphocyte associated protein-4(CTLA-4) inhibitor is an important checkpoint target in immune activation and regulation, which exerts significant anti-tumor effects in melanoma and non-small cell lung cancer, etc. Accordingly, the combination of RT and anti-CTLA-4 antibody has become a hot spot. This article reviews research progress on pre-clinical and clinical evidences of RT combined with anti-CTLA-4 antibody, which provides evidence for further exploration in this field.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910485

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the dosimetric parameters and plan complexity between newly-delicated HyperArc (HA) and conventional volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT) in the treatment of brain metastases.Methods:For 26 patients with brain metastases, HA, conventional coplanar (Cop) and non-coplanar (Non-cop) VMAT plans with a prescription dose of 9 Gy 3fx or 6 Gy 5fx were generated. The dosimetric parameters for planning target volume (PTV), RTOG conformity index (RTOG CI), Paddick CI, homogeneity index (HI), gradient index (GI), maximum dose (D max) of brainstem and dose-volume parameters of brain-PTV(V 2Gy-V 26Gy) were statisticaly compared among these three approaches. In addition, the monitor unit (MU) and the plan complexity parameters (including MCSv and AlPO) were statistically compared. Results:To prevent missed targets during treatment, all plans were established with RTOG CI of greater than 1.1. For Paddick CI, HA provided significantly higher conformity (0.89±0.019) than Non-cop (0.87±0.036, P=0.001) and Cop (0.88±0.017, P=0.003) VMAT. For GI, the fastest dose fall-off was noted in HA (3.35±0.64), followed by conventional Non-cop VMAT of (3.70±0.80), and conventional Cop VMAT of (4.90±1.85)(all P<0.05). For the brainstem sparing, HA plan performed better than Non-cop plan[(604.14±531.61) cGy vs.(682.75±558.22) cGy, P<0.05)]. For normal brain tissue sparing, HA approach showed significant reduction than conventional Cop and Non-cop VMAT (both P<0.05). For MU, HA approach (2 872.60 ± 566.93) was significantly lower than those of Non-cop VMAT (3 771.28 ± 1 022.38, P<0.05) and Cop VMAT (4 494.08 ± 1 323.09, P<0.05). In terms of plan complexity, the MCSv of Cop plan was the lowest, indicating that the complexity was the highest ( P<0.05). The AlPO of HA was significantly higher than that of Non-cop VMAT ( P<0.05), suggesting that the complexity of HA plan was lower ( P<0.05). Conclusion:For the treatment of brain metastases, HA provides better conformity, more rapid dose fall-off, better sparing of brainstem and normal brain tissues and less plan complexity compared with conventional VMAT.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910447

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of concurrent chemoradiotherapy in the treatment of limited-stage small cell lung cancer (LS-SCLC) and the impact of the number of chemotherapy cycle during radiotherapy (RT) on clinical prognosis.Methods:Patients with LS-SCLC treated with definitive radiotherapy from May, 2008 to September, 2016 were included in the study. The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS), which was calculated from the start of treatment to the date of death or last follow-up. The effect of the number of concurrent chemotherapy cycle and other clinical factors on clinical efficacy was analyzed. Survival analysis was performed with Kaplan- Meier method, and multivariate analysis was performed with Cox regression model. Results:Three hundred and seventeen patients were eligible for the analysis. Among them, 129 patients received sequential chemoradiotherapy and 188 patients received concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Among patients receiving concurrent chemoradiotherapy, 86 patients received 1 cycle of concurrent chemotherapy and 102 cases of 2 cycles of concurrent chemotherapy. The median follow-up time was 22.47 months. Multivariate survival analysis showed that only clinical stage, timing of RT administration and prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) were the independent prognostic factor for OS. The median OS in patients who received 1 cycle and 2 cycles of concurrent chemotherapy during RT were 33.8 months and 30.4 months ( P=0.400). No matter in elder patients or in younger patients, in early RT group or in late RT group and application of PCI or not, the number of concurrent chemotherapy cycle exerted no significant impact on OS. The incidence of grade 3 or above adverse events was 20% in the 1-cycle concurrent chemotherapy group, and 13.7% in the 2-cycle concurrent chemotherapy group. Conclusions:Concurrent chemoradiotherapy is the standard treatment of LS-SCLC. Two cycles of concurrent chemotherapy during RT is not necessarily superior to 1 cycle of concurrent chemotherapy. The optimal number of concurrent chemotherapy cycle during RT need to be studied in a large prospective randomized clinical trial.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910427

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the incidence of radiation pneumonitis (RP) between lung cancer patients from the European, American and Asian regions.Methods:The studies related to lung cancer and RP were searched from PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane library. According to the different places where the studies were conducted, the searched studies were divided into two types: Asian studies and European, American and Australian studies. The incidence of RP between two regions was summarized. Studies related to dosimetry parameters were searched from PubMed database.Results:A total of 3, 190 patients from 14studies were included. Meta-analysis results showed that the incidence of ≥ grade 3 RP was similar in patients from Asia and Europe, America and Australia (4.9% vs. 4.6%, P=0.895), whereas the incidence of grade 5 RP in Asia was significantly higher than that in Europe, America and Australia (1.5% vs. 0.2%, P=0.002). Moreover, the lung irradiation dose received by the patients in the Asian group was relatively low. Lung V 20Gy dose limitation standard was reported in 21studies. Further analysis found no statistical significance in lung V 20Gy dose limitation standard between two regions ( P=0.440), and the standard in Asian studies is likely to be even stricter. Conclusions:The incidence of RP after chemoradiotherapy in lung cancer patients in Asia is relatively higher compared with those in Europe, America and Australia. The differences in dose limitation standard should be noted when the thoracic radiation regimen based solely on the data from foreign studies is applied to the patients in Asia.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910404

ABSTRACT

Objective:To improve the analytical method of radionuclide 14C, and estimate the internal dose caused by 14C to human, in order to protect the health of workers and the public in workplaces involving potential 14C exposure. Methods:Urine samples were pretreated by wet oxidation. In the analysis, potassium persulfate was used as an oxidant to decompose urea into carbon dioxide, which was absorbed by 1 mol/L sodium hydroxide, and the absorption solution was converted into calcium carbonate precipitation. After calcium carbonate powder was prepared into sample source by suspension method, the low background liquid scintillation counter was applied to measure the radioactivity, which can be used for calculating the result.Results:The reaction time optimized by using carbamide as carrier was 1 h. For 80 ml urine, the amount of potassium persulfate used was 10 g. The method recovery rate reached about 100%. Four real urine samples were tested using the optimized method, and the result of activity concentration 14C was 0.32, 0.60, 0.86 and 0.74 Bq/L, respectively. Conclusions:The optimized method had good stability, high accuracy and stable experimental result, which could meet the needs of routine radiological detection. The establishment of a quantitative method for 14C in urine sample has improved the methodological system for 14C monitoring.

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