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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821658

ABSTRACT

Objective To examine the construction and operation of the schistosomiasis diagnostic network platform in Hunan Province, so as to provide insights into the improvements of the schistosomiasis diagnostic network laboratory system in the province. Methods According to the criteria and requirements for the construction of the county-level schistosomiasis diagnostic network laboratory in China, the establishment and operation of the laboratory were assessed using self-assessment and field review in national schistosomiasis surveillance sites of Hunan Province. Results A total of 41 county-level schistosomiasis diagnostic network laboratories were built in national schistosomiasis surveillance sites of Hunan Province, and 36 met the requirements for the construction of the national schistosomiasis diagnostic network laboratory in China, which were approved for inclusion in the province-level schistosomiasis diagnostic network laboratory. During the six inter-laboratory comparisons performed by the national schistosomiasis diagnostic reference center of China, full consistency was achieved by 3 county-level schistosomiasis diagnostic network laboratories in Hunan Province, and the coincidence rates for re-review of serological and pathogenic detection samples were 98.40% and 100%, respectively. Conclusion The county-level schistosomiasis diagnostic network laboratory system has been preliminarily built and under effective operation in Hunan Province; however, the building capability remains to be improved.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821645

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the changes in the endemic situation of schistosomiasis in national surveillance sites of Hunan Province, so as to provide scientific basis for the development of the schistosomiasis elimination programme in the province. Methods According to the requirements of the National Guidelines for Schistosomiasis Surveillance in China (2014 version), a total of 41 national schistosomiasis surveillance sites were assigned in all disease-endemic counties (districts) across Hunan Province. During the period between 2015 and 2019, Schistosoma japonicum infections were monitored in local residents, mobile populations and livestock, and snail status was monitored. The morbidity due to schistosomiasis and snail status was compared between years. Results The sero-prevalence of S. japonicum infections was 2.57% and 1.56% in local residents and mobile populations in national surveillance sites of Hunan Province from 2015 to 2019, respectively, and the sero-prevalence appeared a tendency towards a decline over years. A higher sero-prevalence rate of S. japonicum infections was seen in men than in women (P < 0.01). During the 5-year study period, the sero-prevalence rate of human S. japonicum infections appeared a tendency towards a decline in the marshland, embankment, inner embankment and hilly types of endemic areas over years. There were 44 and 19 egg -positives detected in local residents and 5 and 1 egg-positives in mobile populations in 2015 and 2016 respectively. A total of 9 346 domestic animals were monitored from 2015 to 2019, and 6 egg-positives were detected in 2015 and 2016 (all were bovine). A total of 0.155 billion m2 settings were surveyed from 2015 to 2019, and the mean density of living snails appeared a tendency towards a decline over years, with a 45.79% reduction in 2019 as compared to 2015. However, no S. japonicum infections were identified in snails during the 5-year period. A total of 1 469 mixed snail samples were detected using loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP), and 6 positive snail samples were identified in 2015 (one sample) and 2017 (5 samples). Conclusions The overall endemic situation of schistosomiasis appears a tendency towards a decline in Hunan Province, and the prevalence of S. japonicum infections is at a low level in humans and livestock; however, there is still a risk of schistosomiasis transmission. Improvements of health education, intensification of schistosomiasis examinations in mobile populations and reinforcement of the surveillance-response system is required to consolidate the achievements of schistosomiasis control in Hunan Province.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1561-1567, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779761

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effects of metformin on pancreatic β-cell function and its possible mechanism, high fat diet-induced type 2 diabetic C57BL/6J mice were divided into two groups according to fasting blood glucose (FBG), glucose decreasing rate at 40 min of insulin tolerance test, triglycerides (TG), cholesterol (CHO) and body weight (BW). The C57 mice were gavaged with water or metformin for 58 days. β-Cell function was evaluated by oral glucose tolerance test and hyperglycemic clamp. Genes and proteins related to pancreas proliferation, lipid metabolism and endoplasmic reticulum stress were investigated. Compared with the model group, metformin group exhibited a reduction in the body weight (PPPPPPdx-1, Pβ (Lxr-β, PPPP<0.05) were also down-regulated. These results suggest that metformin could improve the insulin secretion function of type 2 diabetic C57BL/6J mice. The mechanism of the action may rely on its improvement of pancreas cell proliferation, lipid metabolism and amelioration of endoplasmic reticulum stress.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-344777

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the regulatory effect of Jingang Jiangu pill (see text, JGJG) on expression of integrin in ovariectomized rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifty ovariectomized 10 months old female rats were randomly divided into 5 groups: Fushanmei group (FSM), Jingang Jiangu pill (see text) group (JGJG), Gusongbao granule group (GSB), Model group (OVX), Sham group. After ovariectomized,the rats were raised in the same environment for 13 weeks. The rats in JGJG group took 0.13 g JGJG pill orally each day for each rat; the rats in GSB group took 0.86 g GSB granule orally each day for each rat; the rats in FSM group took 0.28 mg FSM orally each day for each rat; and the rats in OVX and sham groups took sodium. The treatment duration of rats in above 5 groups was 13 weeks. Bone mineral density (BMD) and the expression of integrin beta1 and alphavbeta3 were detected in each group after the treatment. RESYKTS: The BMD and the expression of integrin beta1 in FSM group, JGJG group and GSB group improved obviously than that of OVX group. There were statistical difference between these groups (P<0.05). The expression of integrin alphavbeta3 of the three treating groups significantly depressed.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The JGJG pill improves BMD and express of integrin beta1, in ovariectomized rats and reduces express of integrin alphavbeta3 through the regulation of the coupling of osteoblasts and osteoclasts.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Density , Disease Models, Animal , Female , Integrin alphaVbeta3 , Integrin beta1 , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Osteoporosis , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Ovariectomy , Rats , Rats, Wistar
5.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 39-43, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239011

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To detect the genes of Neisseria spp. isolated from patients with male genitourinary tract infections, and to study the pathogenicity of non-gonococcal strains of Neisseria and the laboratory diagnosis for the infections caused by Neisseria spp.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Using polymerase chain reaction and nucleotide sequencing, we amplified and sequenced 4 genes of Neisseria spp. isolated from patients with male genitourinary tract infections, including 16S rRNA, orfl, cppB and nspA.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Fourteen Neisseria strains were identified through analysis of the 16S rRNA gene, including 3 N. mucosa strains, 3 N. cinerea strains, 2 N. gonorrhoea strains, 2 N. sicca strains, 2 N. subflava strains, 1 N. lactamica strain, and 1 N. polysaccharea strain. Among them, 9 showed positive results in gonococcal fluorescence-labeled multiplex-PCR detection, 1 in cppB gene reaction, 5 in orfl gene reaction, and 3 in nspA gene reaction. The consistency rate was 85.7% between the above results from our gene detection and those from the routine bacteriological methods.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The cppB gene is absent in the non-gonococcal strains of Neisseria spp. that can cause male genitourinary tract infection. Most of the strains not only lack virulence-associated orfl and nspA genes, but also show positive results in gonococcal fluorescence-labeled multiplex-PCR detection, which is one of the important reasons for the misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis of gonorrhea infection. The combination of routine bacteriological methods and gene detection in laboratory examinations may help improve the accuracy rates of Neisseria species identification and clinical diagnosis of the infections caused by Neisseria spp.</p>


Subject(s)
Genes, Bacterial , Gonorrhea , Diagnosis , Microbiology , Humans , Male , Neisseria gonorrhoeae , Classification , Genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Urinary Tract Infections , Microbiology
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272648

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the characteristics of LN and type I, III collagen in pulmonary fibrosis induced by uranium ore dust in rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>60 adult Wistar rats were divided randomly into two groups, control group (30 rats) and uranium ore dust group (30 rats). Non-exposed intratracheal instillation method was used. Uranium ore dust group was exposed 20 mg/ml uranium ore dust suspension 1ml per rat, meanwhile control group was exposed normal saline 1ml per rat. Post-exposed the 7, 14, 21, 30 and 60 d, 6 rats in each group were killed randomly, lung tissue were collected. The pathological changes in lung tissue were observed by microscope using HE staining, the collagen I and III in lungs were observed by polarizing microscope using Biebrich scarlet staining. The expression of LN protein in lung tissue was observed by immunohistochemistry-SP.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>During lung fibrosis, a large amount of the proliferated I and III collagen in lungs were observed. Post-exposure to uranium ore dust, the characteristics in proliferated collagen in lungs were type I collagen deposited in lung interstitium mainly in the early stage. The area percentage of collagen I and III was increased significantly at 7, 14, 21, 30 and 60d in the experimental group as compared with that in the control group (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). The over expression of LN in the lung tissue were observed. The expression of LN was distributed in the lung tissue as thickening of the linear or cluster. The integral optical density of LN was increased significantly at 21, 30 and 60 d in the experimental group as compared with that in the control group (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>After exposure to uranium ore dust, the characteristics in proliferated collagen in lungs are the type of I collagen deposited in lung interstitium mainly in the early stage, while the type of III collagen increase significantly at the later period. The overexpression of LN exists in the process of pulmonary fibrosis. It suggests that LN has a role effect in the process of pulmonary fibrosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Collagen Type I , Metabolism , Collagen Type III , Metabolism , Dust , Female , Laminin , Metabolism , Male , Pulmonary Fibrosis , Metabolism , Pathology , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Uranium
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242994

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The purpose of this study was to investigate how different surface roughness of opaque porcelain influence reflectance and CIE L* value of porcelain fused to metal (PFM) restorations.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>48 casted Ni-Cr alloy metal specimens (12.0 mm x 1.0 mm) were fabricated with ShoFu Vintage Halo porcelain and divided into six groups, eight pieces for each group. The specimens in the first group without polishing were used as control. Other groups were polished against 200-, 400-, 600-, 800-, and 1000-grit sandpaper after sintered, respectively. Surface roughness and color parameters of the specimens were measured with a Surface Roughometer EX2154-13 and a spectrocolorimeter, respectively. Ra (arithmetical mean deviation of the profile) was the main standard value to describe the surface roughness of many kinds of meatal or porcelain materials, and here we used it to express surface roughness of opaque porcelain. The data were statistically analyzed by one-way analysis of variance (alpha = 0.05) in SPSS 13.0.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The reflectance value increased from 72.386 +/- 3.953 to 78.671 +/- 3.408, and CIE L* value from 90.189 +/- 1.200 to 93.496 +/- 1.070 with the increasing of surface roughness (Ra) of opaque porcelain from (0.226 +/- 0.069) microm to (0.706 +/- 0.082) microm. The same magnitude were also observed after body porcelain and enamel porcelain were sintered on with reflectance increased from 76.301 +/- 3.097 to 81.529 +/- 4.028, and CIE L* value from 80.694 +/- 1.564 to 84.604 +/- 2.964.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The surface roughness of opaque porcelain had effects on the reflectance and value of PFM restorations. Within the limitation of this study, the recommended Ra range of opaque porcelain was 0.23-0.50 microm.</p>


Subject(s)
Color , Dental Porcelain , Materials Testing , Metal Ceramic Alloys , Metals , Surface Properties
8.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 499-504, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-241312

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the influence of non-gonococcal Neisseria on the diagnosis and treatment of male genitourinary infection.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The samples of urethral exudates, prostatic secretions or/and semen were collected from 8 cases of male patients with acute urethritis or chronic prostatitis, then inoculated into gonococcal agar medium, blood agar medium, Sabouraud agar medium and Mycoplasma agar medium, respectively. Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Mycoplasmae, fungi and other bacteria were isolated, Chlamydiae examined by Gemenez staining, and the gram-negative diplococci from the samples identified by oxidase test, biochemical examination and drug sensitivity test. The PCR products of the cryptic plasmid pJD1 gene of the isolated strains were amplified for the identification of Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Based on the results of drug sensitivity tests, intravenous or oral antibiotics were selected for treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Eight strains of gram-negative diplococci were isolated in this study, 3 identified as N. mucosa, 4 as N. cinerea and the other 1 as N. lactamica. The PCR identification test of the cryptic plasmid pJD1 gene showed the same positive results in all the strains as in N. gonorrhoeae. The non-gonococcal Neisseria isolated from the male genital tract secretions exhibited a multidrug resistance, especially to quinolones and fosfomycin. All the symptoms disappeared and no pathogens were detected in the patients after a 7-day treatment with Cephalosporins or/and Minocycline.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Some Neisseria species normally parasitizing the upper respiratory tract can also cause male genitourinary infections, such as gonorrhea-like urethritis and chronic prostatitis. Neisseria gonorrhea could be clinically and etiologically misdiagnosed through such conventional methods as morphological examination, oxidase test and PCR identification test of cryptic plasmid and other nonspecific genes. Intravenous and/or oral antibiotic medication based on the results of drug sensitivity tests can cure acute urethritis and chronic prostatitis induced by non-gonococcal Neisseria in males. Drug resistance of non-gonococcal Neisseria directly affects the success of treatment.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Neisseria , Neisseriaceae Infections , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Microbiology , Prostatitis , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Microbiology , Urethritis , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Microbiology
9.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 583-589, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-309831

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish the rat model of chronic bacterial prostatitis and investigate the penetrability of amikacin to chronic inflammatory prostatic tissues.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 180 male rats were randomly divided into a normal control group (NC, n=48), a chronic bacterial prostatitis group (CBP, n = 84) and a CBP treatment group (CBPT, n = 48). The prostates of the animals were injected with Xiaozhiling and E. coli respectively to make CBP and CBPT models. The animals of the CBPT group were treated with amikacin by intramuscular injection, their prostate tissues and sera isolated at 1-150 min after the treatment and detected for antibiotic activities, bacteria counts and pathological changes.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Obvious chronic inflammatory pathological changes including leukocyte invasion and fibre hyperplasia were observed and E. coli isolated from the prostate tissues of the rats in the CBP and CBPT groups, but no pathological changes, antibiotic activity and bacteria were detected in the the NC group. The numbers of E. coli in the prostate tissues markedly decreased with the time in the two model groups, 30 CFU/mg in the CBP rats at 28 days and 0 CFU/mg in the CBPT group at 10 days after the treatment. Obvious antibiotic activities were found in both the prostate tissues and sera at 2-150 min after the injection. No antimicrobial activities were detected at 12 hours after the treatment either in the sera or in the prostate samples. With the increase of the treatment time and decrease of the bacteria counts, the chronic inflammatory pathological changes were obviously alleviated in the CBPT group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Rat models of CBP with chronic inflammatory pathological changes can be successfully established by direct injection of Xiaozhiling and E. coli into the prostate. Amikacin, given by intramuscular injection, can penetrate into the prostate of the CBP rat and produce an antibiotic activity equal to or higher than that of the sera, which may kill sensitive bacteria in the prostate and help to reduce the inflammatory pathological changes and repair the damage to the prostate tissues.</p>


Subject(s)
Amikacin , Blood , Pharmacokinetics , Therapeutic Uses , Animals , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Pharmacokinetics , Therapeutic Uses , Disease Models, Animal , Escherichia coli , Injections, Intramuscular , Male , Prostate , Metabolism , Microbiology , Prostatitis , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Microbiology , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
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