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Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 881-899, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922771


The current study was designed to explore the brain protection mechanism of Xinglou Chengqi Decoction (XCD) based on gut microbiota analysis and network pharmacology. A transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model of mice was established, followed by behavioral evaluation, TTC and TUNEL staining. Additionally, to investigate the effects of gut microbiota on neurological function after stroke, C57BL/6 mice were treated with anti-biotic cocktails 14 days prior to ischemic stroke (IS) to deplete the gut microbiota. High-throughput 16S rDNA gene sequencing, metabonomics technique, and flow multifactor technology were used to analyze bacterial communities, SCFAs and inflammatory cytokines respectively. Finally, as a supplement, network pharmacology and molecular docking were applied to fully explore the multicomponent-multitarget-multichannel mechanism of XCD in treating IS, implicated in ADME screening, target identification, network analysis, functional annotation, and pathway enrichment analysis. We found that XCD effectively improved neurological function, relieved cerebral infarction and decreased the neuronal apoptosis. Moreover, XCD promoted the release of anti-inflammatory factor like IL-10, while down-regulating pro-inflammatory factors such as TNF-α, IL-17A, and IL-22. Furthermore, XCD significantly increased the levels of short chain fatty acids (SCFAs), especially butyric acid. The mechanism might be related to the regulation of SCFAs-producing bacteria like Verrucomicrobia and Akkermansia, and bacteria that regulate inflammation like Paraprevotella, Roseburia, Streptophyta and Enterococcu. Finally, in the network pharmacological analysis, 51 active compounds in XCD and 44 intersection targets of IS and XCD were selected. As a validation, components in XCD docked well with key targets. It was obviously that biological processes were mainly involved in the regulation of apoptotic process, inflammatory response, response to fatty acid, and regulation of establishment of endothelial barrier in GO enrichment. XCD can improve neurological function in experimental stroke mice, partly due to the regulation of gut microbiota. Besises, XCD has the characteristic of "multi-component, multi-target and multi-channel" in the treatment of IS revealed by network pharmacology and molecular docking.

Animals , Mice , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Molecular Docking Simulation , Network Pharmacology , Stroke/drug therapy
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 47-53, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802098


Objective: To observe the effect of extracts from Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma,Anemarrhenae Rhizoma and Paeoniae Radix Rubra on N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors(NMDAR1) in hippocampal neurons in rats with vascular dementia and investigate its possible mechanism. Method: The 60 SPF male rats were randomly divided into normal group, sham-operated group,model group, traditional Chinese medicine group(0.20 g·kg-1)and memantine group(2.1 mg·kg-1),with 12 rats in each group. The model was established by repeated ischemia-reperfusion combined with intraperitoneal injection of sodium nitroprusside. After modelling, normal group, sham-operated group and model group were dosed the similar volume of normal saline once a day for 14 days. The learning and memory capacity was assessed by Morris water maze; pathologic change in the CA1 district of hippocampus was assessed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, and the expression level of NMDAR1 in hippocampal neuron membrane protein was detected by Western blot and immunohistochemistry(IHC),the NMDAR1 mRNA in hippocampal tissue was detected by Real-time PCR. Result:Compared with normal and sham-operated group, the latency period was prolonged in model group(PPPPPPPPConclusion:The extracts from Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma,Anemarrhenae Rhizoma and Paeoniae Radix Rubra can improve the learning and memory capacity of rats with vascular dementia, and alleviate the injury in CA1 district of hippocampus. The mechanism may be related to the down-regulation of NMDAR1 expression in hippocampal neurons.

China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2938-2942, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324771


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the contribution of Qingnao drop pilula to the alteration of myristoylated alanine-rich C kinase substrate (MARCKS) mRNA expression in acute multi-infarction hippocampus.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Rat models of acute multi-infarction were established by injecting the embolus of blood powder through the right external carotid arteryinto the internal carotid artery, rats were randomly divided into five groups (n = 12 in each): normal, sham operation, model, Chinese medicine treatment, and Western medicine treatment. Qingnao drop pilula (133.28 mg x kg(-1)), nimodipine (7.25 mg x kg(-1)) were administered respectively to Chinese medicine treatment group and Western medicine treatment group by gavage, equal volume of normal saline were given to three groups. Rats were treated with drugs starting at 3rd day before the operation, one time per day. Observing morphologic changes in hippocampus by optical microscope and electron microscope. Detecting expression level of MARCKS mRNA in hippocampus by semi-quantification PCR method.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Hippocampus cells arrange tidy, administrative levels were compactness in normal group, which cells differentially impaired in model group, Chinese medicine treatment group and Western medicine treatment group. Hippocampus cells damage of Chinese medicine treatment group have more reckless than the model group in histopathology. The MARCKS mRNA were expressioned in model group vs medication treatment groups, in Chinese medicine treatment group vs the model group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Qingnao drop pilula can alleciate histomorphology lesion of hippocampus when occurring acute multi-infarction, to turn slower MARCKS mRNA expression, may play a neuroprotective effect role through accommodating PKC-MARCKS signal transduction system.</p>

Animals , Humans , Male , Rats , Acute Disease , Brain Ischemia , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Gene Expression Regulation , Hippocampus , Metabolism , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Membrane Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Myristoylated Alanine-Rich C Kinase Substrate , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar