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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879018

ABSTRACT

Chemical constituents were isolated and purified from the water extract of Artemisia annua by column chromatography of HP-20 macroporous resin, silica gel, ODS, Sephadex LH-20, HW-40, and semi-preparative RP-HPLC. Their structures were elucidated by physicochemical properties and spectral analyses. As a result, Fifteen compounds were isolated and identified as vitexnegheteroin M(1), sibricose A5(2), securoside A(3), citrusin D(4), annphenone(5), E-melilotoside(6), esculetin(7), scopoletin-7-O-β-D-glucoside(8), eleutheroside B_1(9), chrysosplenol D(10), patuletin-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(11), quercetin-7-O-β-D-glucoside(12), rutin(13), apigenin 6,8-di-C-β-D-glucopyranoside(14), isoschaftoside(15), among them, compounds 1-4 were identified from Artemisia for the first time. Additionally, the isolates were evaluated for their inhibitory effects on the production of PGE_2 in LPS-simulated RAW264.7 macrophages. The results showed that compounds 1, 2, 8, and 10-15 could reduce PGE_2 levels, to a certain extent.


Subject(s)
Apigenin , Artemisia annua , Quercetin , Rutin
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2112-2118, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887061

ABSTRACT

Ma-Xing-Shi-Gan Decoction is a classic prescription. However, the interaction among multiple components of the decoction and the change of phase state are not clear. Moreover, the relationship between the physical phase state aggregated by multiple components and the efficacy still needs to be studied. In this study, we monitored the particle size changes of Ma-Xing-Shi-Gan Decoction in real time. Then we isolated different phase states by centrifugation, analyzed their composition distribution and tested their antibacterial activity. We added chemical interference agents to investigate the interaction of multi-component physical phase states accompanied by the observation of particle size change and morphology. We also studied the correlation between antibacterial activity and physical structure of phase states. The results showed during boiling process the degree of hybridization of particles was decreased and the particle size distribution was narrowed and stabilized at 170 nm. The distribution of organic and inorganic components was heterogeneous among different phase states. S-13500, supernatant isolated by 13 500 ×g centrifugation, constituted by ephedrine, amygdalin, glycyrrhizic acid and inorganic components Ca, K, Mg, etc., had the strongest antibacterial activity. The molecular interaction force in the active physical phase state was mainly hydrophobic and hydrogen bond. The destruction of the interaction force will lead to the change of phase structure and the decrease of antibacterial activity in vitro and in vivo. This study confirms that, in the boiling process of the Ma-Xing-Shi-Gan Decoction, the chemical components interweave and interact to form new physical phase states, leading to heterogeneous distribution of components. The antimicrobial activity of the active phase depends on both chemical composition and physical structure, which provides a direct evidence for the physical basis of the efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862702

ABSTRACT

<b>Objective::To investigate the feasibility of near-infrared spectroscopy for detecting the coating film thickness of Tianshu tablets. <b>Method::Nine batches of Tianshu tablets were taken during the coating process. Then, their near-infrared diffuse reflection spectra were collected. The sample set was divided into calibration set and validation set by Kennard-Stone algorithm. The preprocessing method was selected. The synergy interval partial least squares (siPLS) and moving window partial least squares (mwPLS) were employed to screen the optimal spectral interval. And the corresponding quantitative calibration model of partial least squares (PLS) were established. Some evaluation parameters were adopted to assess the performance of the model. <b>Result::The method of first derivative and Norris Derivative smoothing combined with standard normal variate transformation was suitable for processing the spectra. The optimal PLS model was established in the preferred band interval of siPLS. The correlation coefficient between the predicted value and the measured value of calibration set was 0.966, and the correlation coefficient between the predicted value and the measured value of validation set was 0.991.Both root mean square error of calibration (RMSEC) and root mean square error of prediction (RMSEP) values were small, which showed the fitness and predictive performance of the model were favorable. <b>Conclusion::The near-infrared spectroscopy technique can be used to determine coating film thickness of Tianshu tablets with high accuracy, which provides technical supports for the in-line determination of coating thickness in the production process of traditional Chinese medicine tablets.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 343-347, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780119

ABSTRACT

Chemical constituents from the ethanol extract of Radix Angelicae Pubescentis was isolated and purified through Diaion HP-20 macroporous, silica gel column chromatography, gel filtration over Sephadex LH-20 and preparative HPLC. Two new sesquiterpenoid derivatives were identified as angesesquid A (1) and angesesquid B (2), and their structures were determined. In vitro degeneration model of primary rat disc chondrocytes was used to evaluate the anti-inflammatory activity of these two compounds. The results showed that compounds 1 and 2 had no anti-proliferation effect. Both compounds inhibited the release of NO, but had no inhibitory activity for the release of PGE2. This finding implies that both of these two new sesquiterpenoids could moderately inhibit the inflammatory reaction to some extent.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777438

ABSTRACT

The study aims to qualitatively analyze the chemical composition of compound Nanxing acesodyne plaster by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry( UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS). The analysis was performed on Agilent Zorbax SB-C_(18)( 4. 6 mm×250 mm,5 μm) column. The mobile phase consisted of methanol and 0. 2% formic acid-water was used as gradient elution. The flow rate was 1 mL·min~(-1) and column temperature was 30 ℃. The Mass spectrometry was acquired in both positive and negative ion modes using ESI. The components were identified by the precise mass-to-charge ratio,secondary fragmentation and other information combined with reference substance and literature data. As a result,58 compounds were identified and predicted,including alkaloids,flavonoids,coumarins,organic acids and lactone compounds,of which 12 compounds were verified by the reference substances. The results provide reference for the quality control of compound Nanxing acesodyne plaster,and lay the foundation for elucidating the active components mechanism.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Phytochemicals , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801982

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the pharmacological basis and molecular mechanism of Sanjie Zhentong capsule in the treatment of endometriosis, adenomyosis, secondary dysmenorrhea. Method: The 6 compounds of Sanjie Zhentong capsule showed stronger interactions with 87 proteins relating to endometriosis, adenomyosis, and secondary dysmenorrhea in molecular docking. Then the drug-target network was selected, and the network features were analyzed. Result: The molecular docking and network characteristics revealed 5 main active molecules and 23 potential targets of Sanjie Zhentong capsule. Conclusion: The main active ingredients of Sanjie Zhentong capsule have a trong inhibition effect on endometrial angiogenesis and blood circulation, uterine smooth muscle contraction, immune inflammatory reaction and estrogen secretion by acting on the targets of inflammation, cell invasion, metastasis, coagulation system, smooth muscle contraction and neurohormone regulation, so as to treat endometriosis, adenomyosis and secondary dysmenorrhea.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687306

ABSTRACT

To observe the protective effect of Longxue Tongluo capsule (LTC) on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (EAhy.926 cells) injury induced by oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL, 100 mg·L⁻¹). The effect of the cell viability of LTCin alleviating OX-LDL-induced endothelial cell injury was determined by MTT and LDH assay. The effect of LTC on lactic dehydrogenase (LDH), nitric oxide (NO), super oxide dlsmutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels were detected by corresponding assay kits according to manufacturer's instruction. The effect of LTC on the protein expressions of intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1), p65, p-p65, IKB and p-IKB were detected by Western blot. The results showed that compared with the normal control group, the activity of EAhy.926 cells was significantly decreased, LDH leakage (<0.01) increased, NO content and SOD activity significantly decreased (<0.01, <0.05), and the expressions of ICAM-1, VCAM-1, p-p65/p65 and p-IKB(<0.05)increased.This study demonstrated that LTC had no significant effect on the growth of normal cells. The treatment with LTC significantly promoted the proliferation of vascular endothelial cells damagedby ox-LDL, decreased MDA content and LDH release, andincreased the activity of SOD and NO content. Meanwhile, ox-LDL significantly increased the expressions of ICAM-1, VCAM-1, p-p65/p65, p-IKB/IKB in Eahy.926 cells; these effects were suppressed by LTC at 1, 2 mg·L⁻¹. In conclusion, LTC has a significant protective effect on human umbilical vein endothelial cells caused by ox-LDL. This study suggested that LTC has a certain therapeutic effect on AS.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687286

ABSTRACT

Ginkgo terpene lactones, as an important active ingredient from Ginkgo leaves, has high medicinal values and has been widely used in clinics. This article would review the researches both at home and abroad, including chemical composition, structure-activity relationship, analytical methods, pharmacological effects, pharmacokinetic characteristics, and so on, providing a reference for further development and utilization of ginkgo terpene lactones.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687285

ABSTRACT

Platelet activating factor(PAF), an endogenous synthesized phospholipid transmitter, has widely biological activities. It has "signal transmission" effect in various life processes, but abnormality of concentration will promote or aggravate the diseases, such as, cerebral ischemia, myocardial injury, multi-organ failure, asthma, injury of liver and kidney, severely affecting the normal life activities of body. In recent years, with the development of medical science and technology, more and more attention has been paid to the research of platelet activating factor receptor antagonist. Components of animals, plants, microbial fermentation, and synthetic composition all can reflect such activity. Ginkgolide B and cytopone are the most representative herbal compositions at present. This paper referred to the research status of platelet activating factor receptor antagonist in recent years, made a summary of the researches on biological effect of platelet activating factor and platelet receptor antagonist of different sources, so as to provide a reference for the exploration of effective and safe platelet activating factor receptor antagonists.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687284

ABSTRACT

Ginkgo diterpene lactone raw material, as a raw material for ginkgo diterpene lactone meglumine injection, is extracted and purified from ginkgo leaf. ¹H-NMR content determination method and fingerprint analysis method were respectively established for ginkgo diterpene lactone raw material. Content determination was conducted in 3 batches of samples by using ¹H-qNMR, and then the results were basically consistent with the results in HPLC method. Twenty-four proton peaks were identified as common fingerprint peaks, and the fingerprint peaks were identified by using the control product and NMR information. Furthermore, 10 batches of samples were analyzed by ¹H-NMR fingerprint. The similarities were all higher than 0.99 and the common peaks were identified with the reference standards. This method is easy, fast, with good precision, stability and repeatability and could provide basis and new ideas for quality evaluation of ginkgo diterpene lactone raw material and its preparations.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687283

ABSTRACT

To investigate the best active compatibility of ginkgolide A, B and K (GA,GB,GK). The effects of GA, GB, GK alone, combinations of each two of them, and combinations of these three components on platelet-activating factor (PAF)-induced platelet aggregation activity and rat cerebral ischemia reperfusion model (tMCAO) were compared in this study. Different compatibilities of GA, GB and GK could significantly reduce the maximum aggregation rate of PAF-induced platelet aggregation, and the effect was most obvious in combination of the three. Different compatibilities of GA, GB and GK could alleviate the neural function, cerebral infarction volume and cerebral edema in the tMCAO model of rats to different degrees, and the effect of combinations of the three was stronger than those of combinations of two and single use. The combination of all of GA, GB and GK had the strongest effect on nerve injury caused by anti-platelet aggregation in tMCAO rats.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687275

ABSTRACT

A new compound(Z)-6-hydroxy-4-methoxy-5,7-dimethylaurone was isolated from Cleistocalyx operculatus flower buds. Its structure was identified by spectroscopic data including MS, ¹H-NMR, ¹³C-NMR HSQC and HMBC. A known compound, 2',4'-dihydroxy-6'-methoxy-3'5'-dimethylchalcone (DMC), was also isolated and identified,and used as material to synthesize (Z)-6-hydroxy-4-methoxy-5,7-dimethylaurone.Anti-inflammatory activities of the two compounds were tested . The results showed that (Z)-6-hydroxy-4-methoxy-5,7-dimethylaurone possesses much stronger PGE₂ inhibitory activity (IC₅₀ 6.12 nmol·L⁻¹) than the positive control ibuprofen (68.66 nmol·L⁻¹).

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687258

ABSTRACT

Three different beta-glycosidase sequences of Ttebgl3, Tpebgl1 and Tpengl3 from Thermotoga thermarum DSM 5069 and Thermotoga petrophila RKU-1 were analyzed. Also, the influence of temperature, pH, concentration of DMSO, metal ions and kinetic constant on catalytic conversion of baicalin had been compared. The results indicated that the optimal pH and optimum temperature for transformation of baicalin was 4.5 85 °C, 5.0 80 °C and 5.5 80 °C, respectively. The family GH3 beta-glycosidase Ttebgl3 and Tpebgl3 had the better DMSO tolerance. The activation effect of the metal ions on the catalytic conversion of baicalin was not obvious, and the inhibition of the GH3 family beta glucosidase was significantly stronger than that of the GH1 family. The kinetic constants of three different beta-glucosidases catalyzed baicalin were significantly different. The Km and Vmax values of Tpebgl1, Tpebgl3 and Ttebgl3 were 0.029 2 mmol·L⁻¹ 4.85 U·mg⁻¹, 0.268 6 mmol·L⁻¹ 121.04 U·mg⁻¹ and 0.391 8 mmol·L⁻¹ 308.90 U·mg⁻¹, respectively. Family GH3 beta-glycosidase converted more baicalin than family GH1 with the optimal conditions, 0.02 g baicalin, and the conversion rate was 68%, 97.3%, 97.31% respectively. The results of the study provided a guarantee for the transformation of baicalin.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773604

ABSTRACT

Analysis errors can occur in the desorbing process of ginkgo diterpene lactone meglumine injection (GDMI) by a conventional analysis method, due to several factors, such as easily crystallized samples, solvent volatility, time-consuming sample pre-processing, fixed method, and offline analysis. Based on risk management, near-infrared (NIR) and mid-infrared (MIR) spectroscopy techniques were introduced to solve the above problems with the advantage of timely analysis and non-destructive nature towards samples. The objective of the present study was to identify the feasibility of using NIR or MIR spectroscopy techniques to increase the analysis accuracy of samples from the desorbing process of GDMI. Quantitative models of NIR and MIR were established based on partial least square method and the performances were calculated. Compared to NIR model, MIR model showed greater accuracy and applicability for the analysis of the GDMI desorbing solutions. The relative errors of the concentrations of Ginkgolide A (GA) and Ginkgolide B (GB) were 2.40% and 2.89%, respectively, which were less than 5.00%. The research demonstrated the potential of the MIR spectroscopy technique for the rapid and non-destructive quantitative analysis of the concentrations of GA and GB.


Subject(s)
Chemistry, Pharmaceutical , Methods , Reference Standards , Drug Compounding , Reference Standards , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Reference Standards , Ginkgolides , Chemistry , Reference Standards , Injections , Lactones , Least-Squares Analysis , Meglumine , Chemistry , Reference Standards , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Management , Spectrophotometry, Infrared , Reference Standards
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812393

ABSTRACT

Analysis errors can occur in the desorbing process of ginkgo diterpene lactone meglumine injection (GDMI) by a conventional analysis method, due to several factors, such as easily crystallized samples, solvent volatility, time-consuming sample pre-processing, fixed method, and offline analysis. Based on risk management, near-infrared (NIR) and mid-infrared (MIR) spectroscopy techniques were introduced to solve the above problems with the advantage of timely analysis and non-destructive nature towards samples. The objective of the present study was to identify the feasibility of using NIR or MIR spectroscopy techniques to increase the analysis accuracy of samples from the desorbing process of GDMI. Quantitative models of NIR and MIR were established based on partial least square method and the performances were calculated. Compared to NIR model, MIR model showed greater accuracy and applicability for the analysis of the GDMI desorbing solutions. The relative errors of the concentrations of Ginkgolide A (GA) and Ginkgolide B (GB) were 2.40% and 2.89%, respectively, which were less than 5.00%. The research demonstrated the potential of the MIR spectroscopy technique for the rapid and non-destructive quantitative analysis of the concentrations of GA and GB.


Subject(s)
Chemistry, Pharmaceutical , Methods , Reference Standards , Drug Compounding , Reference Standards , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Reference Standards , Ginkgolides , Chemistry , Reference Standards , Injections , Lactones , Least-Squares Analysis , Meglumine , Chemistry , Reference Standards , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Management , Spectrophotometry, Infrared , Reference Standards
16.
Chinese Traditional Patent Medicine ; (12): 1316-1319, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710302

ABSTRACT

AIM To establish an HPLC method for the simultaneous content determination of ginsenoside Re,ginsenoside Rg1,ginsenoide Rb1,specnuezhenide,calycosin-7-O-β-D-glucoside and oleanolic acid in Yitai Cap sules (Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma,Astragali Radix,Ligustri lucidi Fructus,etc.).METHODS The analysis of 70% ethanol extract of this drug was performed on a 25 ℃ thermostatic Luna C18 column (4.6 mm ×250 mm,5 μm),with the mobile phase comprising of methanol-O.2% phosphoric acid flowing at 1.0 mL/minin a gradient elution manner,and the detection wavelength was set at 203 nm.RESULTS Six constituents showed good linear relationships within their own ranges (r > 0.999 0),whose average recoveries were 95.58%-102.12% with the RSDs of 0.82%-1.73%.CONCLUSION This simple and stable method can be used for the rapid quality control of Yitai Capsules.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710179

ABSTRACT

AIM To explore analgesic mechanism of Yaobitong Capsules (Notoginseng Radix et Rhizoma,Chuanxiong Rhizoma,Corydalis Rhizoma,etc.) on lumbar intervertebral discs.METHODS An array of data mining,molecular docking and network analysis were employed to investigate the active compounds and key target protein.RESULTS Among the forty-six active hits identified by virtual screening,most compounds displayed good oral bioavailability and might confer an optimal CNS exposure.And eleven molecules (coptisine,diligustilide,corypalmine,chuanxiongterpene,etc.) were further confirmed to alleviate lumbar intervertebral discs through their targeting at nineteen proteins (such as p38,CGRP,MMPs,TNFα) to inhibit the inflammatory response and the infiltration of microvasculature,to reduce the nociceptors sensitivity,and to modulate the balance of Collagen and proteoglycans in catabolic and anabolic responses.CONCLUSION Yaobitong Capsules' clear molecular working mechanism and the key active compounds are revealed by this network-assisted investigation highlight the subsequent experiments on targets and active compounds.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690405

ABSTRACT

To develop a rapid resolution liquid chromatography (RRLC) method for the simultaneous determination of epimedoside A, epimedin A1, epimedin A, epimedin B, epimedin C, icariin, baohuosideⅡ, icarisideⅠ, sagittatoside B, 2"--rhamnosyl icarisideⅡ, and baohuosideⅠin epimedium total flavone capsule. At the same time, the effects of the above 11 compounds on osteogenic differentiation of MC3T3-E1 cells were investigated by detecting the content of alkaline phosphatase (AKP). The results showed that baohuoside Ⅱ had the highest activities, and both the activities of baohuoside Ⅱ and icariside Ⅰ were stronger than those of icariin.In this study, the content determination method of flavonoid glycosides was established, and the anti-osteoporosis effect of monomers was compared, providing technical support for the study of the pharmacodynamic and mechanism of Epimedium total flavone capsule.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812057

ABSTRACT

Ginkgo diterpene lactones meglumine injection (GDLI) is a commercially available product used for neuroprotection. However, the pharmacokinetic properties of the prototypes and hydrolyzed carboxylic forms of the primary components in GDLI, i.e., ginkgolide A (GA), ginkgolide B (GB), and ginkgolide K (GK), have never been fully evaluated in beagle dogs. In this work, a simple, sensitive, and reliable method based on ultra-fast liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UFLC-MS/MS) was developed, and the prototypes and total amounts of GA, GB, and GK were determined in beagle dog plasma. The plasma concentrations of the hydrolyzed carboxylic forms were calculated by subtracting the prototype concentrations from the total lactone concentrations. For the first time, the pharmacokinetics of GA, GB, and GK were fully assessed in three forms, i.e., the prototypes, the hydrolyzed carboxylic forms, and the total amounts, after intravenous administration of GDLI in beagle dogs. It was shown that ginkgolides primarily existed in the hydrolyzed form in plasma, and the ratio of hydrolysates to prototype forms of GA and GB decreased gradually to a homeostatic ratio. All of the three forms of the three ginkgolides showed linear exposure of AUC to the dosages. GA, GB, and GK showed a constant half-life approximately 2.7, 3.4, and 1.2 h, respectively, which were consistent for the forms at three dose levels (0.3, 1.0, and 3.0 mg·kg) and after a consecutive injection of GDLI for 7 days (1.0 mg·kg).


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Ginkgo biloba , Chemistry , Ginkgolides , Pharmacokinetics , Lactones , Pharmacokinetics , Plant Extracts , Pharmacokinetics , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338213

ABSTRACT

To study the antagonistic effect of ginkgolide homologues on platelet-activating factor (PAF)-induced platelet aggregation and investigate its neuroprotective effect. PAF was used as a coagulant, and ginkgolides were added to the rabbit blood samples respectively. The inhibitory effect of each compound on platelet aggregation was detected by turbidimetry. In L-glutamate induced primary cortical neuron cell injury model, MTT assay was used to detect cell viability. Intracellular free Ca2+ concentration in neurons was measured by using the fluorescent Ca2+ indicator Fura-2 AM. Morphological observation and Hoechst 33258 staining were used to detect the inhibitory effect of ginkgolide on neuronal apoptosis. The results showed that the inhibitory effect on PAF-induced platelet aggregation activity in ginkgolide homologues was ginkgolide K (GK), ginkgolide B (GB), ginkgolide A (GA), ginkgolide C (GC), ginkgolide M (GM), ginkgolide J (GJ) and ginkgolide (GL) from high to low. GB and GK (1-100 μmol•L ⁻¹) could significantly reduce the cell damage caused by L-glutamate, with survival rate increasing, intracellular calcium concentration reducing and cell morphology restoring. This paper has identified the activities and characteristics of various compounds of ginkgolide homologues on PAF-induced platelet aggregation as well as its neuroprotective effect.

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