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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880552

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore whether Panax notoginseng saponins (PNS) exhibits heart protective effect in myocardial infarction (MI) rats and to identify the potential signaling pathways involved.@*METHODS@#MI rats induced by ligating the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery were assigned to sham coronary artery ligation or coronary artery ligation. Totally 36 Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into sham group (distilled water, n=9), MI group (distilled water, n=9), PNS group (PNS, 40 mg/kg daily, n=9) and fosinopril group (FIP, 1.2 mg/kg daily, n=9) according to a random number table. The left ventricular morphology and function were conducted by echocardiography. Histological alterations were evaluated by the stainings of HE and Masson. The serum levels of C reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15) and the ratio of metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and tissue inhibitor of MMP-9 (TIMP-1) were determined by ELISA. The levels of activating transcription factor 3 (ATF3), mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 3 (MAP2K3), p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK), phosphorylation of p38 MAPK (p-p38 MAPK), transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β1), collagen I, nuclear factor kappa B p65 (NFκB p65), phosphorylation of NFκB p65 (p-NFκB p65), and phosphorylation of inhibitory kappa Bα (p-Iκ Bα) in hearts were measured by Western blot and immunohistochemical staining, respectively.@*RESULTS@#PNS improved cardiac function and fibrosis in MI rats (P<0.05). The serum levels of CRP, TNF-α, GDF-15 and the ratio of MMP9/TIMP1 were reversed by PNS in MI rats. The expressions of TGF-β1, collagen I, MAP2K3, p38 MAPK, p-p38 MAPK, NFκB p65, p-NFκB p65, and p-IκBα were down-regulated, while ATF3 increased with the treatment of PNS (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#PNS may improve cardiac function and fibrosis in MI rats via regulating ATF3/MAP2K3/p38 MAPK and NFκB signaling pathways. These results suggest the potential of PNS in preventing the development of ventricular remodeling in MI rats.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873367

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the distribution of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndromes in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) in 6 months after interventional therapy, and to analyze relevant influencing factors. Method:The clinical data of 1 000 patients with coronary heart disease in 6 months after interventional therapy, including the four diagnosis information of TCM, were collected, and the distribution of TCM syndromes and the influencing factors were analyzed. Result:Among 48 kinds of information about the four diagnostic methods of TCM, chest pain was the most frequent (98.10%), among 9 kinds of common TCM syndrome types, blood stasis was the most frequent (89.90%), and the others were heart-Qi deficiency syndrome, phlegm turbidity syndrome, cold-dampness syndrome, kidney-Qi deficiency syndrome, heart-Yin deficiency syndrome, kidney-Yin deficiency syndrome, Heart-Yang deficiency syndrome and kidney-Yang deficiency syndrome in turn. Among 6 common TCM syndrome types, Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome were the most frequent (35.40%), and the others were phlegm turbidity and blood stasis syndrome, cold congealing heart pulse syndrome, Qi-Yin deficiency syndrome, heart-kidney Yin deficiency syndrome and heart-kidney-Yang deficiency syndrome in turn. There was no significant difference in sex ratio among different syndrome types . Patients with heart-kidney Yang deficiency syndrome had no significant difference. Compared with the average age of other syndromes, there were significant differences. Common complications included hypertension, diabetes, cerebrovascular diseases and dyslipidemia, among which hypertension had the highest frequency, with significant differences from other diseases (P<0.05). Phlegm, turbidity and blood stasis were found in patients with hypertension. The risk of syndromes was higher (OR=3.29, 95% CI [2.11, 5.05]), while the risk of cold congealing heart pulse syndrome was lower (OR=0.56, 95% CI [0.32, 0.98]), the risk of Qi and Yin deficiency was higher (OR=2.88, 95% CI [2.01, 4.99]), whereas the risk of heart and kidney Yang deficiency was lower (OR=0.54, 95% CI [0.29, 0.95]) when complicated with cerebrovascular diseases. The risk of Qi deficiency and blood stasis was higher (OR=2.97, 95% CI [2.05, 5.28]), while the risk of heart and kidney Yang deficiency was lower (OR=0.54, 95% CI [0.29, 0.95]), the risk of phlegm turbidity and blood stasis was higher when complicated with dyslipidemia (OR=3.55, 95% CI [2.32, 5.29]), and the risk of heart and kidney Yang deficiency was lower (OR=0.54, 95% CI [0.29, 0.95]). The time distribution of the disease had obvious seasonal characteristics. Conclusion:The main distribution characteristics of TCM syndromes in 6 months after coronary heart disease intervention are basically the same as those in patients without intervention. The main TCM syndromes are Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome, phlegm turbidity and blood stasis syndrome, cold congealing heart pulse syndrome, Qi-Yin deficiency syndrome, heart-kidney Yin deficiency syndrome and heart-kidney-Yang deficiency syndrome. The distribution pattern may be related to age, complications and seasons.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873313

ABSTRACT

Objective::To explore the distribution characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndromes of critical lesions of coronary heart disease, and determine the classification and diagnostic criteria of syndromes, so as to provide reference for the differentiation and treatment of this disease. Method::Totally 1 000 patients with critical lesions of coronary heart disease treated in the Department of Cardiology, Yunnan Provinceal Hospital of TCM from January 2016 to December 2018 were selected as the subjects by clinical epidemiological research methods. Basic information, diagnosis and treatment of the patients, as well as the information obtained through observation, hearing, inquiry and pulse-taking of TCM were collected. Symptoms, signs, tongue signs, pulse signs and other four diagnostic information, as well as relevant clinical data were collected for mathematical statistics analysis by cluster analysis and factor analysis research methods, and expert group opinions were also included in discussion. Result::First, the results of cluster analysis showed six types of basic TCM syndromes in accordance with the clinically actual critical lesions of coronary heart disease: blood stasis syndrome, phlegm turbidity syndrome, cold congealing heart pulse syndrome, Qi deficiency syndrome, heart-kidney Yin deficiency syndrome, Heart-Yang deficiency syndrome. Second, a factor analysis was carried out on the basis of cluster analysis, and the main syndromes of each basic syndromes were preliminarily determined. Third, because of the duplicate content or the unified combination of different syndromes, the TCM syndromes of the critical lesions of coronary heart disease can be summarized in five categories, namely phlegm turbidity and blood stasis syndrome (368 cases, 36.80%), cold congestion heart pulse syndrome (156 cases, 15.60%), Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome (315 cases, 31.50%), Yin deficiency of heart and kidney (91 cases, 9.10%) and Heart-Yang depression (70 cases, 7.00%). The main and secondary syndromes refer to factor analysis results of six basic syndromes. Conclusion::Cluster analysis and factor analysis can be made on TCM syndromes of critical lesions of coronary heart disease to pave the way for the classification of TCM syndromes and the establishment of diagnostic criteria of TCM syndromes of coronary heart disease, with an important clinical significance.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873060

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the syndrome characteristics and distribution regularity of patients with non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), in order to guide clinical practice and improve the efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine. Method:Inpatients with non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction in line with the diagnostic criteria were selected, and the frequency statistics method was used to analyze the syndrome elements and their frequency degree and distribution characteristics. Result:According to the analysis of syndrome elements and their frequency degree of 263 patients with NSTEMI, the pathogenesis of NSTEMI was mostly deficiency in origin and excess in superficiality. As for deficiency in origin, Qi deficiency (171 times, 32.39%) was the most common, which was followed by Yin deficiency (42 times, 7.95%), Yang deficiency (16 times, 3.03%), and blood deficiency (1 times, 0.19%). As for excess in superficiality, blood stasis (129 frequency, 24.4%) and phlegm turbidity (125 frequency, 23.7%) were the most common, which were followed by heat accumulation (42 frequency, 7.95%), water drinking (2 frequency, 0.38%). According to the syndrome diagnosis analysis of the combination of syndrome elements, 220 cases (83.65%) had single syndrome differentiation, 42 cases (15.97%) had two syndromes at the same time, and 1 case (0.38%) had three syndromes at the same time. Among all the syndrome types, Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome (94 cases, 42.7%) was the most common, which were followed by phlegm and blood stasis syndrome (46 cases, 20.9%), Qi and Yin deficiency syndrome (41 cases, 18.6%) and heart and kidney deficiency syndrome (32 cases, 14.6%). And Yang deficiency and water flooding syndrome (6 cases, 2.73%) and heart fire blazing syndrome (1 case, 0.45%) were relatively rare. According to the distribution regularity of syndrome, traditional Chinese medicine therapies were mainly for tonifying vital qi and protecting kidney Qi, with equal emphasis on removing phlegm, eliminating dampness and diuresis, activating blood circulation and removing blood stasis. Conclusion:The pathogenesis of NSTEMI is deficiency in origin and excess in superficiality. Deficiency in origin is mostly Qi deficiency and Yin deficiency, while excess in superficiality is mostly blood stasis, phlegm and heat accumulation. traditional Chinese medicine therapies are mostly for invigorating Qi and nourishing Yin, promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis, clearing heat and resolving phlegm.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872966

ABSTRACT

Objective::To predict Xiao Xianxiongtang's treatment of coronary heart disease (CHD) targets and analyze their function by the network pharmacology method, and build ingredients-targets-channel network pharmacological model, in order to reveal potential pathways and mechanisms of Xiao Xianxiongtang for CHD treatment. Method::Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP) was used to obtain components, and CHD targets over Xiao Xianxiongtang were predicted by using Swiss Target Prediction reverse pharmacophore matching method. CHD targets which Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved were collected from Therapeutic Target Database (TTD), Drugbank and Disease-gene Net databases (DisGeNET). Wenn diagram was used to obtain the correlation intersection.Target characteristics were analyzed with GEO2R online, Reactome FI was used to analyze the enrichment of target pathways, and Cytoscape software was used to construct the " component-target-pathway" network. Result::Network analysis showed that Xiao Xianxiongtang treated CHD by regulating 24 target proteins through 25 therapeutic components, and acting on 21 specific pathways and 4 biological processes.According to the multiple gene chip analysis of GEO2R online, there were up-down-regulated differences in the targets, including 11 up targets and 13 down targets. Conclusion::Xiao Xianxiongtang treats CHD by involving the biological processes through berberine and flavonoid groups of Coptidis Rhizoma, nucleosides and organic acids of Arum ternatum Thunb, stigmasterols and flavonoids of Trichosanthes kirilowii Maxim, such as gene expression, metabolism and protein metabolism, adjusting the gene expressions of relevant target proteins, regulating gene transcription pathways, such as biological oxidation reaction and lipid and lipoprotein metabolism, insulin-like growth factor binding protein (IGFBPs) of insulin-like growth factor (IGF) transshipment and intake, and the degradation of extracellular matrix signaling pathways.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328512

ABSTRACT

Clinical reports on cardiac syndrome X (CSX) have been increasing in recent years. In general, CSX does not increase the cardiovascular mortality, but it can affect the patient's quality of life (QOL) and increase the incidence rates of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events. Although a variety of drugs and therapies have been utilized in the clinical treatment, the management of CSX still represents a major challenge due to its unclear pathogenesis. It is necessary to explore more effective treatment programs. Many attempts have been made on trials of the Chinese medicine (CM) treatment for CSX and proved that CM has a certain advantage in efficacy to improve clinical symptoms and QOL. CM may provide a new approach for the effective treatment of CSX.


Subject(s)
Humans , Integrative Medicine , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Metabolic Syndrome , Therapeutics , Quality of Life
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-282450

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical effect of Liqi Kuanxiong Huoxue method LKH, traditional Chinese medicine, TCM therapeutic method for regulating qi, relieving chest stuffiness and promoting blood circulation) in treating patients with cardiac syndrome X (CSX).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The prospective, non-randomized controlled study was conducted on 51 selected patients with CSX, who were non-randomly assigned to 2 groups, the treated group treated with LKH in addition to the conventional treatment (32 patients), and the control group treated with conventional treatment (19 patients) like nitrate, diltiazem hydrochloride, etc. The treatment course was 14 days. The changes of such symptoms as angina pectoris, TCM syndrome and indexes of treadmill exercise test before and after treatment were observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After treatment, such symptoms as chest pain and stuffy feeling and palpitation in the treated group were improved more than those in the control group (P<0.05); the total effective rate on angina pectoris and TCM syndrome in the treated group was better than that in the control group (P<0.05). The treadmill exercise test showed that the maximal metabolic equivalent (Max MET), the time of angina onset and ST segment depression by 0.1 mV were obviously improved after treatment in both groups, but the improvement in the treated group was better than that in the control group respectively (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The LKH method could reduce the frequency of angina attacks and improve the clinical condition of patients with CSX.</p>


Subject(s)
Blood Circulation , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Exercise Test , Female , Humans , Male , Microvascular Angina , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Middle Aged , Qi , Thorax , Treatment Outcome
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