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Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 148-155, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013351


ObjectiveTo establish a rapid and stable liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry(LC-MS) for simultaneous analysis of 17 chemical components in Gnaphalium affine aboveground parts with flowers, so as to provide experimental basis for improving the quality standard of this herb. MethodUltra performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole/electrostatic field orbitrap mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-Exactive Orbitrap MS) was used for the quantitative analysis of 17 constituents in 15 batches of G. affine from different origins, the separation was performed on an ACQUITY UPLC® BEH C18 column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm) with the mobile phase of methanol(A)-0.1% formic acid aqueous solution(B) for gradient elution(0-1.0 min, 8%A; 1.0-4.0 min, 8%-26%A; 4.0-9.0 min, 26%A; 9.0-14.0 min, 26%-34%A; 14.0-14.5 min, 34%-45%A; 14.5-15.0 min, 45%-60%A; 15.0-18.0 min, 60%-90%A; 18.0-19.0 min, 90%A; 19.0-19.01 min, 90%-8%A; 19.01-20.0 min, 8%A), the flow rate was 0.3 mL·min-1, the column temperature was 40 ℃ and the injection volume was 2 μL. And the electrospray ionization was used with full scanning in both positive and negative ion modes, and the scanning range was m/z 100-1 000. ResultThe established method has been verified by the methodology and could be used for the simultaneous quantification of 17 components in G. affine. The content ranges of the 17 components(quinic acid, gallic acid, protocatechuic acid, neochlorogenic acid, chlorogenic acid, cryptochlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, 1,3-O-dicaffeoylquinic acid, isochlorogenic acid A, isoquercitrin, 1,5-O-dicaffeoylquinic acid, apigenin-7-O-glucoside, astragalin, isochlorogenic acid C, luteolin, apigenin and hispidulin) in 15 batches of G. affine samples was 39.60-179.12, 0.17-0.84, 2.41-8.38, 4.33-31.50, 13.63-180.38, 2.43-14.75, 1.16-19.68, 0.49-5.63, 55.77-445.16, 0.23-10.26, 62.04-530.10, 1.11-18.01, 11.36-90.61, 12.22-65.98, 7.22-69.84, 3.37-45.65, 0.30-2.59 μg·g-1, respectively. The content of organic acids was higher than that of flavonoids in G. affine, and the contents of 1,5-O-dicaffeoylquinic acid, isochlorogenic acid A, quinic acid and chlorogenic acid were higher. Meanwhile, the content of flavonoids in the samples from Guizhou was higher than that from Jiangsu, while the content of organic acids in the samples from Jiangsu was higher than that from Guizhou. ConclusionThe established method can be used for the rapid and accurate determination of 17 components in G. affine, which clarifies the content range of the main components in this herb, and can provide a reference for the selection of quality control markers of G. affine.