Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 170
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 567-573, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885463

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and safety of ketogenic diet (KD) therapy in the epilepsy of infancy with migrating focal seizures (EIMFS) associated with TBC1D24 gene mutation.Methods:Clinical data of two children with TBC1D24 gene-related EIMFS were collected retrospectively, who were admitted to Department of Pediatrics, Fujian Medical University Union Hospital from 2019 to 2020. Their clinical characteristics and the efficacy and safety of KD therapy were analyzed, and literature review was conducted.Results:Seizures were onset before six months old in the two children with TBC1D24 gene-related EIMFS. Multifocal myoclonic seizures were manifested and happened frequently, lasting for more than 30 minutes sometimes. Developmental retardation was obvious in the two children. A small amount of focal sharp, spike, sharp-slow complex, and spike-slow complex waves were showed in the interictal electroencephalography (EEG). TBC1D24 gene mutations were found in the two children, one with a compound heterozygous mutation (c.1025C>T, p.S342L; c.229_c.240delATCGTGGGCAAG,p.I77_K80del), and the other with a homozygous mutation [c.119G>A,p.R40H(Arg40His)]. Both of those were potentially pathogenic. A variety of anti-epileptic drugs showed poor outcome for the two children. The epilepsy was drug-refractory one. After four to 17 months of KD therapy, the epilepsy in the two children was controlled effectively. There was not obvious adverse reactions. Among six children with TBC1D24 gene-related EIMFS in the literature review, four cases were effective or partially effective for KD therapy, one was discontinued due to insufficient ketogenic ratio, and one was discontinued without effect. There were no obvious adverse reactions in the six children.Conclusions:TBC1D24 gene-related EIMFS is mostly drug-refractory epilepsy. Early KD therapy may help to control seizures.

2.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 261-278, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880901

ABSTRACT

TANK-binding kinase 1 (TBK1), a core kinase of antiviral pathways, activates the production of interferons (IFNs). It has been reported that deacetylation activates TBK1; however, the precise mechanism still remains to be uncovered. We show here that during the early stage of viral infection, the acetylation of TBK1 was increased, and the acetylation of TBK1 at Lys241 enhanced the recruitment of IRF3 to TBK1. HDAC3 directly deacetylated TBK1 at Lys241 and Lys692, which resulted in the activation of TBK1. Deacetylation at Lys241 and Lys692 was critical for the kinase activity and dimerization of TBK1 respectively. Using knockout cell lines and transgenic mice, we confirmed that a HDAC3 null mutant exhibited enhanced susceptibility to viral challenge via impaired production of type I IFNs. Furthermore, activated TBK1 phosphorylated HDAC3, which promoted the deacetylation activity of HDAC3 and formed a feedback loop. In this study, we illustrated the roles the acetylated and deacetylated forms of TBK1 play in antiviral innate responses and clarified the post-translational modulations involved in the interaction between TBK1 and HDAC3.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878538

ABSTRACT

Microbial fuel cell (MFC) is a bioelectrochemical device, that enables simultaneous wastewater treatment and energy generation. However, a few issues such as low output power, high ohmic internal resistance, and long start-up time greatly limit MFCs' applications. MFC anode is the carrier of microbial attachment, and plays a key role in the generation and transmission of electrons. High-quality bioelectrodes have developed into an effective way to improve MFC performance. Conjugated polymers have advantages of low cost, high conductivity, chemical stability and good biocompatibility. The use of conjugated polymers to modify bioelectrodes can achieve a large specific surface area and shorten the charge transfer path, thereby achieving efficient biological electrochemical performance. In addition, bacteria can be coated with nano-scale conjugated polymer and effectively transfer the electrons generated by cells to electrodes. This article reviews the recently reported applications of conjugated polymers in microbial fuel cells, focusing on the MFC anode materials modified by conjugated polymers. This review also systematically analyzes the advantages and limitations of conjugated polymers, and how these composite hybrid bioelectrodes solve practical issues such as low energy output, high inner resistance, and long starting time.


Subject(s)
Bacteria , Bioelectric Energy Sources , Electricity , Electrodes , Polymers , Water Purification
4.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 329-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876694

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the risk factors for the occurrence of post transplantation diabetes mellitus (PTDM) in renal transplant recipients, establish a prediction model for PTDM and evaluate its prediction value. Methods Clinical data of 915 renal transplant recipients were retrospectively analyzed. According to the occurrence of PTDM, all recipients were divided into the PTDM group (n=78) and non-PTDM group (n=837). The main indexes of recipients were collected. The risk factors for the occurrence of PTDM in renal transplant recipients were analyzed by univariate and multivariate analysis. The prediction model for PTDM was established and its prediction value was evaluated. Results Family history of diabetes mellitus, body mass index (BMI), preoperative 2 h postprandial blood glucose and preoperative glycosylated hemoglobin were the independent risk factors for the occurrence of PTDM in renal transplant recipients. The prediction model for PTDM was logit (P)=2.199×family history of diabetes (yes=1, no=0)+0.109×BMI+0.151×2 h postprandial blood glucose (mmol/L)+0.508×glycosylated hemoglobin (%)-9.123. The results of receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of these 4 predictors combined for predicting PTDM in renal transplant recipients was 0.830 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.786-0.873], the cut-off value was 0.0608, the sensitivity was 0.821, the specificity was 0.700, and the Youden index was 0.521 (P < 0.05). Conclusions Family history of diabetes mellitus, BMI, preoperative 2 h postprandial blood glucose and preoperative glycosylated hemoglobin are the independent risk factors for the occurrence of PTDM in renal transplant recipients. The prediction model for PTDM combined with4 predictors yield relatively high prediction value for PTDM.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879577

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the indication, karyotyping result, ultrasound finding, pregnancy decision and follow-up of fetuses with sex chromosome aneuploidies (SCA) detected by non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) during early and midterm pregnancies.@*METHODS@#The results of 225 singleton pregnancies with fetal SCA detected by NIPT were reviewed and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The 225 cases included 45,X (n=37), 47,XXY (n=74), 47,XXX (n=50), 47,XYY (n=56) and mosaicisms (n=8), among which 121 (53.8%) have opted to terminate the pregnancy, including 45,X (n=31), 47,XXY (n=61), 47,XXX (n=14), 47,XYY (n=12) and 3 mosaicisms. The remainder 104 (46.2%) have elected to continue with the pregnancy, among which three have opted to terminate due to abnormalities detected by ultrasonography, and two had spontaneous abortions.@*CONCLUSION@#NIPT as a first-tier screening method can effectively detect fetal trisomies 21, 13 and 18 as well as SCA. The types of fetal SCA and presence of ultrasound abnormalities are critical factors for the termination of pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Aneuploidy , Down Syndrome , Female , Fetus , Humans , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis , Sex Chromosome Aberrations , Trisomy
6.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 32-36, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798926

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the influence of abaR gene knockout on growth metabolism and biofilm formation of Acinetobacter baumannii.@*Methods@#The abaR gene was knocked out from Acinetobacter baumannii standard strain ATCC 17978 (wild strain) by homologous recombination method, and then the ATCC 17978 abaR knockout strain (ATCC 17978/ΔabaR: : Kn) was obtained and verified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) electrophoresis and sequencing. The growth curves of Acinetobacter baumannii wild strain and Acinetobacter baumannii knockout strain were determined by microplate reader within cultivation hour (CH) 18, and the biofilm formation ability was measured by crystal violet staining at CH 8, 24, and 48, respectively. The sample number at each time point was 3.The results were denoted as absorbance value. Data were processed with analysis of variance of factorial design, one-way analysis of variance, t test, and least-significant difference test.@*Results@#(1) The length of PCR product of target fragment ΔabaR: : Kn was 3 029 bp. The abaR gene was knocked out to obtain the knockout strain ATCC 17978/ΔabaR: : Kn. The length of PCR product of the knockout strain was 3 300 bp. The abaR gene was successfully knocked out. (2) At CH 2, 3, and 4, the absorbance values of Acinetobacter baumannii wild strain were slightly higher than those of the knockout strain. The absorbance values of Acinetobacter baumannii wild strain and knockout strain were similar from CH 5 to 18. (3) At CH 8 and 24, the biofilm formation ability of Acinetobacter baumannii wild strains (0.644±0.066, 0.574±0.184) was similar to that of knockout strains (0.559±0.008, 0.394±0.030, t=2.209, 1.167, P>0.05). At CH 48, the biofilm formation ability of Acinetobacter baumannii wild strains (1.157±0.259) was significantly stronger than that of Acinetobacter baumannii knockout strains (0.576±0.026, t=3.865, P<0.05). The biofilm formation ability of Acinetobacter baumannii wild strains at CH 48 was significantly stronger than that at CH 8 and 24 (P<0.05). The biofilm formation ability of Acinetobacter baumannii knockout strains at CH 24 was significantly weaker than that at CH 8 and 48 (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#The abaR gene of Acinetobacter baumannii ATCC 17978 can be successfully knocked out by homologous recombination to obtain its knockout strain ATCC 17978/ΔabaR: : Kn. The abaR gene does not affect the growth and metabolism of Acinetobacter baumanniibut can weaken its biofilm formation ability.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870587

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the patient profiles and therapeutic efficacies of ABO-incompatible living-related kidney transplantations at 19 domestic transplant centers and provide rationales for clinical application of ABOi-KT.Methods:Clinical cases of ABO-incompatible/compatible kidney transplantation (ABOi-KT/ABOc-KT) from December 2006 to December 2009 were collected. Then, statistical analyses were conducted from the aspects of tissue matching, perioperative managements, complications and survival rates of renal allograft or recipients.Results:Clinical data of 342 ABOi-KT and 779 ABOc-KT indicated that (1) no inter-group differences existed in age, body mass index (BMI), donor-recipient relationship or waiting time of pre-operative dialysis; (2) ABO blood type: blood type O recipients had the longest waiting list and transplantations from blood type A to blood type O accounted for the largest proportion; (3) HLA matching: no statistical significance existed in mismatch rate or positive rate of PRA I/II between two types of surgery; (4) CD20 should be properly used on the basis of different phrases; (5) hemorrhage was a common complication during an early postoperative period and microthrombosis appeared later; (6) no difference existed in postoperative incidence of complications or survival rate of renal allograft and recipients at 1/3/5/10 years between ABOi-KT and ABOc-KT. The acute rejection rate and serum creatinine levels of ABOi-KT recipients were comparable to those of ABOc-KT recipients within 1 year.Conclusions:ABOi-KT is both safe and effective so that it may be applied at all transplant centers as needed.

8.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 709-712, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869735

ABSTRACT

Neuroendocrine prostate cancer(NEPC) is a prostate cancer subtype with a very high degree of malignancy and a special molecular phenotype.NEPC is not sensitive to endocrine therapy, and there are currently no specific drugs, so there is a lack of effective clinical treatment.New advances in NEPC therapeutic include chemical therapy, targeted drug therapy based on molecular phenotype and other non-targeted drug therapy. This article summarizes the current treatment methods, pharmaceutical, and clinical research results for NEPC, aiming to deepen clinicians' more comprehensive understanding of NEPC patients' treatment strategies.

9.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 666-671, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869447

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs Parecoxib and Flurbiprofen administered at different time points on mesenteric traction syndrome(MTS).Methods:This was a prospective, randomized, controlled clinical trial.One hundred elderly patients scheduled for open radical gastrectomy under general anesthesia were randomly allocated to four groups: the control group, the P-Pre-MT group, the F-Pre-MT group, and the F-Post-MT group(n=25, each group). Parecoxib 40 mg and Flurbiprofen 50 mg were intravenously administered 30 min and 5 min before skin incision in the P-Pre-MTS group and the F-Pre-MTS group, respectively.Flurbiprofen 50 mg was infused at the moment of MTS in the F-Post-MTS group while the control group was intravenously injected with saline.Anesthesia induction and maintenance were performed with plasma target-controlled infusion of Propofol and Remifentanil.After the incision of the peritoneum.The incidence of MTS, the duration of hypotension, and the use of norepinephrine during MTS were recorded.Systolic blood pressure(SBP), heart rate(HR), and effect-site concentration of Remifentanil were monitored at MT(T 0), 10 min(T 10), 20 min(T 20), 30 min(T 30), 45 min(T 45), and 60 min(T 60)after MT in patients with MTS. Results:MTS was observed in 19 of 22 patients(86%), 19 of 23 patients(83%), 0 of 24 patients(0%)and 20 of 23 patients(87%)in the control, P-Pre-MT, F-Pre-MT and F-Post-MT groups, respectively.The incidence of MTS in the F-Pre-MT group was lower than that in the control group( χ2=35.313, P=0.000). The duration of hypotension and the use of norepinephrine in patients with MTS were less in the F-Post-MT group than in the control group( P=0.007 and 0.015). SBP and HR at different time points after MT had significant differences in patients with MTS in the control group( F=47.425 and 26.318, P=0.000 and 0.000), but did not differ in the F-Pre-MT group( F=2.140 and 1.013, P=0.066 and 0.413). SBP and the effect-site concentration of Remifentanil were lower and HR was higher in the control group than in the F-Pre-MT group at T 10and T 20after MT( P=0.000), and SBP was higher and HR was lower in the F-Post-MT group than in the control group C at T 20after MT( P=0.002 and 0.002). Conclusions:Flurbiprofen not only can prevent the occurrence of MTS, maintain blood pressure stability and heart rate after MT, but also can reduce the duration of hypotension and the amplitude of heart rate increase when MTS occurs in elderly patients undergoing open radical gastrectomy.Parecoxib has no effect on MTS.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862473

ABSTRACT

On the basis of systematic evaluation of 32 provincial capital cities and municipalities in their capacity for preventing and controlling emerging infectious diseases, focus analysis is made on Wuhan in relation to its advantages and disadvantages as follows:There has been a legal basis for epidemic prevention according to law, but it has not translated into effective action.There has been an organizational basis for responding to epidemic, but coordination mechanism has not been effectively established.The management mechanism has been complete, but the division of responsibilities among different departments has not been clear.The monitoring network has been set up, but its role of "predictive warning" has not been played.Insufficiency of public health service delivery was observed owing to lack of financial investment.In cities of China, advantages and disadvantages have been both existent in their capacity to prevent and control of emerging infectious disease.We should be vigilant in this regard. It is imperative to "fill defects, stop leaks and strengthen weakness".There is a Chinese saying:"It is not too late to mend a fold after the sheep have been stolen".

11.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1931-1936, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829239

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of intravitreal injection of ranibizumab combined with Ahmed drainage valve implantation compared to pure Ahmed drainage valve implantation in the treatment of NVG.<p>METHODS: Computers were used to search PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, American Scientific Citation Index Database(SCI), China Knowledge Network(CNKI), Chinese Science and Technology Journal Database(VIP), Wanfang Database, China Biomedical Document Service System(CBM), and to find literature about ranibizumab and Ahmed drainage valve implantation in the treatment of NVG. At the same time, relevant references were consulted. The search time limit was establishment until March 20, 2020. Quality evaluation and data extraction on the included studies were performed. RevMan 5.3 and STATA 12.0 software were used for Meta-analysis.<p>RESULTS: The included 7 clinical studies included 346 patients(349 eyes), and the quality was evaluated as medium to high quality. The homogeneity of the basic characteristics of various studies was better. Compared with the pure Ahmed drainage valve implantation group(the control group), the ranibizumab combined with Ahmed drainage valve implantation group(the experimental group)had lower intraocular pressure at 1wk and 1mo after surgery. There was no statistical difference at 6mo after surgery. The BCVA of the experimental group was better than that of the control group at 1mo and 3mo, and there was no significant difference at 6mo after surgery. There was no significant difference in the rate of anterior chamber bleeding and the number of anti-glaucoma drugs used between the two groups.<p>CONCLUSION: Compared with pure Ahmed drainage valve implantation, ranibizumab combined with Ahmed drainage valve implantation has better postoperative intraocular pressure and best corrected visual acuity in the early stage in the treatment of NVG, and the difference in the late postoperative period is not significant. It cannot reduce the rate of postoperative anterior chamber bleeding, and cannot reduce the use of anti-glaucoma drugs. This conclusion needs to be further confirmed by more high-quality clinical randomized controlled studies.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792878

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of COVID-19 has exposed many shortcomings in disease control and prevention system (DCPS) of China. Resolving the problems and strengthening the DCPS became the top priority in China’s public policy agenda. This paper revealed the problems of the system regarding policy-making, regulations, operation mechanism and staff, and proposed several strategies from three aspects of legal construction, management system, and operation mechanism, including: 'Prevention first' should be incorporated into the national legal system, all the departments should be engaged in 'Healthy China 2030' initiative, laws and regulations should be amended, new disease prevention and control management institutions should be set up, a high-quality professional team should be retained, the regional health information exchange channels should be strengthened, the coordinated mechanism for disease prevention and control should be normalized, the long-term investment mechanism should be established, and the equipment renewal and reserve system should be improved.

13.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2181-2192, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878477

ABSTRACT

Biological desulfurization is a process in which sulfur compounds are removed from gas and oil using microorganisms. It is a simple process that has mild operating conditions, high desulfurization efficiency, low energy consumption and less environmental pollution. However, there is still a lack of simple and efficient analytical methods for quantitatively analyzing the sulfur compounds in the biological desulfurization process. In order to solve this problem, the analytical method for the simultaneous determination of sulfite, thiosulfate and sulfide in biological desulfurization solutions by pre-column fluorescence derivation using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was developed. The standard curves of sulfur species in this analytical method had good linear relationships with correlation coefficients of 0.999 5, 0.999 7, and 0.999 7 for sulfite, thiosulfate and sulfide, respectively. The detection limits of these sulfur compounds were 0.000 6, 0.000 7 and 0.001 1 μmol/L; the range of recovery rates were 98.17 to 101.9%, 100.9 to 102.6%, and 101.1 to 104.2%; which had good repeatability and stability. The analytical method was simple, efficient and accurate, and could be used to simultaneously determine the sulfur compounds in different biological desulfurization systems.


Subject(s)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical/methods , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Sulfur Compounds/analysis
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876384

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of COVID-19 has exposed many shortcomings in disease control and prevention system (DCPS) of China.Resolving the problems and strengthening the DCPS became the top priority on China′s public policy agenda.This paper reveals the problems of the DCPS system regarding policy-making, regulations, operation mechanism and staff, and proposes several strategies from three aspects of legal construction, management system, and operation mechanism, including:"Prevention first" should be incorporated into the national legal system, all the departments should be engaged in "Healthy China 2030" initiative, laws and regulations should be amended, new disease prevention and control management institutions should be set up, a high-quality professional team should be retained, the regional health information exchange channels should be strengthened, the coordinated mechanism for disease prevention and control should be normalized, the long-term investment mechanism should be established, and the equipment renewal and reserve system should be improved.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872798

ABSTRACT

Objective::A multi-organ chip of intestine-liver-breast cancer was constructed based on microfluidic technology and used for pharmacokinetics-pharmacodynamics (PK-PD) study of drugs in vitro. Method::A multi-organ chip comprising a 4-layer polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) substrate and a 2-layer poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) cover was constructed by microfluidic technology. The connection between cells was investigated by staining the 21-day-grown human colon cancer cell line Caco-2 cell layer and the 3-day-grown human umbilical vein endothelial cell line HUVEC cell layer with CellTracker Red/Green and Hoechst, respectively. The transmission rates of 2 g·L-1 fluorescein sodium and 33.28 mg·L-1 propranolol acrossing the cell layer were employed to verify the function of the constructed intestinal module. The metabolic level of the liver module was investigated by comparing the inhibition rate of 125 μmol·L-1 cyclophosphamide against human breast cancer cell line MCF-7 cells treated with human hepatoma cell line HepG2 cells in a conventional well plate and chip liver module for 48 h. The secretion of albumin by HepG2 cells in the chip was detected to verify the synthesis function of hepatic module. Caco-2 cell layer, HUVEC cell layer, HepG2 cell layer, MCF-7 cell layer and dialysis membrane were assembled on the chip, the culture medium containing 55 mg·L-1 propranolol was injected into the upper channel of the chip for 4 h, and then changed into the normal culture solution. The mass concentration of propranolol in the lower circulating culture medium at each time point within 72 h was determined, and the drug-time curve was drawn. The culture medium containing 125 μmol·L-1 cyclophosphamide, 5 μmol·L-1 paclitaxel, 50 μmol·L-1 capecitabine was injected into the circulating fluid in the upper layer of the chip, in order to study the inhibition rates of the three anti-tumor drugs on the MCF-7 cell layer on the chip within 72 h, and the results were compared with those of the 96-well plate. Result::The constructed chip performed well. The Caco-2 and HUVEC cell layers were tightly connected. The transmission of fluorescein sodium and propranolol between the cell layers demonstrated that the constructed intestinal module had good absorption and transport function. The inhibition rate of MCF-7 by 125 μmol·L-1 cyclophosphamide after metabolism of HepG2 cells on the well plate was 22.12%, and the inhibition rate of MCF-7 by the unmetabolized cyclophosphamide was 1.84%. The inhibition rate of MCF-7 increased to 32.13%after injected 125 μmol·L-1 cyclophosphamide from the upper layer of the chip liver module, and the inhibition rate of MCF-7 after injection from the lower layer of the chip liver module was 7.23%. The mass concentration of propranolol on the chip changed with time, which was basically consistent with that in vivo. The inhibition rate of MCF-7 on the plate with 125 μmol·L-1 cyclophosphamide was lower than that on the chip, and the inhibition rates of MCF-7 on the plate with 5 μmol·L-1 paclitaxel and 50 μmol·L-1 capecitabine were higher than those on the chip. Conclusion::The constructed multi-organ chip of intestine-liver-breast cancer has the absorption and transport function of the intestine and the metabolic function of the liver. The chip can reflect the pharmacokinetic properties of propranolol in vivo, and can be used for pharmacodynamic studies of paclitaxel and capecitabine.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872326

ABSTRACT

Alongside the social and economic development in China, medical risks, economic risks, and legal risks rise as well in the management of public hospitals. However, the capabilities of these hospitals in prevention and control of medical risks and disposal of legal affairs fall far behind the increasingly complex legal affairs. In this consideration, the authors introduced their innovative practice in taking legal actions for prevention and control of medical risks in the hospital, analyzed the problems found in medical legal affairs, and put forward specific suggestions to promote the standardization and modernization of hospital legal affairs.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816311

ABSTRACT

There are an increasing number of women with CHD seeking to bear children,and once pregnant,the risk of heart and maternal and fetal complications increases,and heart function is furhter damaged.The risk depends on the type of congenital heart disease,degree of hemodynamic impairment,and potential complications.Strengthening the comprehensive management of such patients,conducting careful individual and multidisciplinary risk assessment,and formulating detailed plans for follow-up during pregnancy,delivery and postpartum treatment can reduce the risk and improve perinatal outcomes,which has important significance for reducing maternal mortality.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776528

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of apple polyphenols on pulmonary vascular remodeling in rats with pulmonary arterial hypertension and its mechanism.@*METHODS@#Rats were randomly divided into 4 groups:control (Con) group, monocrotaline (MCT) group, apple polyphenol (APP) group,monocrotaline + apple polyphenol (MCT+APP) group. In Con group, rats received a subcutaneous injection of physical saline. In APP group, rats received intraperitoneal injection of 20 mg/kg APP, every other day. In MCT group, rats received a single subcutaneous injection of MCT(60 mg/kg). In MCT+APP group, rats received subcutaneous injection of 60 mg/kg MCT followed by an intraperitoneal injection of 20 mg/kg APP every other day. All the disposal lasted 3 weeks. Then the PAH-relevant indicators, such as mean pulmonary artery pressure(mPAP), pulmonary vascular resistance(PVR), right ventricular hypertrophy index (RVHI) ,wall thickness (WT%) and wall area (WA%) were tested. After that, the inflammatory pathway related indicators, such as interleukin1(IL-1),interleukin1(IL-6), tumor necrosis factor α(TNF-α), cyclooxygenase 2(COX-2) and myeloperoxidase(MPO) in pulmonary tissue and free intracellular Ca in pulmonary smooth muscle cell(PASMC), content of eNOS and NO in endothelial cells were determined.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the levels of mPAP, PVR, RVHI, WA%, WT%, and IL-1, IL-6, TNF-α, COX-2, MPO in tissue and the expression of Ca in PASMC of MCT group were increased significantly, while the contents of eNOS and NO in endothelial cells were decreased significantly (P<0.05). Compared with the MCT group, the apple polyphenol treatment could improve the above mentioned situation, and the COX-2 and Ca indicators of the apple polyphenol treatment group were decreased significantly (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#MCT can increase COX-2 expression and intracellular Ca in pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells, decrease the contents of eNOS and NO in endothelial cells, while apple polyphenols can significantly inhibit these effects.


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcium , Metabolism , Cyclooxygenase 2 , Metabolism , Cytokines , Metabolism , Malus , Chemistry , Monocrotaline , Nitric Oxide , Metabolism , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III , Metabolism , Polyphenols , Pharmacology , Pulmonary Artery , Pathology , Random Allocation , Rats , Vascular Remodeling
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774092

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to analyze the family's clinical data of 22 children who were given an intended clinical diagnosis of Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), and to explore the clinical value of next-generation sequencing (NGS) in the molecular diagnosis of DMD. The probands were simultaneously tested by NGS for a gene panel associated with hereditary neuromuscular disease and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) for the Dystrophin gene. The exon deletion/repetition mutations of the Dystrophin gene determined by both methods were compared and the point mutations of the Dystrophin gene were verified by Sanger sequencing. Dystrophin gene mutations were found in all the 22 probands, including 14 exon deletion/repetition mutations and 8 point mutations/minor variations. The results of MLPA detection were consistent with those of NGS. The results of Sanger sequencing showed that the point mutations and minor variations determined by NGS were correct. One missense mutation (c.6290G>T), 1 nonsense mutation (c.3487C>T) and 4 minor deletion-induced frameshift mutations (c.1208delG, c.7497_7506delGGTGGGTGAC, c.9421_9422delAA and c.8910_8913delTCTC) had not been reported in the Human Gene Mutation Database, and thus were considered as novel mutations of the Dystrophin gene. The results of this study showed that NGS can detect variations in the Dystrophin gene, including exon deletion/repetition, point mutation, minor deletion and intron mutation. Therefore, NGS is of certain clinical value in the molecular diagnosis of DMD and is worthy of recommendation.


Subject(s)
Dystrophin , Exons , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne , Mutation
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756654

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the differences found between the proportion of responsibility between in-house experts of the hospital and that of judicial appraisals for 52 cases of medical disputes of a hospital in recent years.Methods A total of 52 cases of disputes were selected, which were evaluated by the in-house experts screening meeting at a tertiary hospital in Beijing from 2015 to 2018.According to the causes of these disputes, these cases were divided into seven categories, calculating respectively the mean value of the proportion of judicial appraisal responsibility and that of in-house experts for all cases of the same category.The paired t test was used to compare the consistency of the above two methods.Results The overall level of judicial appraisal responsibility(35.00% ) was significantly higher than the in-house expert screening(20.96% ).Among them, the cases of improper selection of treatment plan, improper operation of surgery or insufficient evaluation of surgical difficulty risk, and medical disputes caused by complications, the degree of responsibility of the judicial appraisal institutions was quite different from that of in-house experts of the hospital.Conclusions Because the judicial appraisal agencies have certain difficulties in the identification of complex medical technology problems, it is recommended to establish a library of judicial appraisal experts as soon as possible to encourage the experts to participate in the trial of disputes.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL