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1.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 99-104, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006517

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To investigate the relationship between preoperative mean daily step counts and pulmonary complications after thoracoscopic lobectomy in elderly patients. Methods     From 2018 to 2021, the elderly patients with pulmonary complications after thoracoscopic lobectomy were included. A 1∶1 propensity score matching was performed with patients without pulmonary complications. The clinical data were compared between the two groups. Results    Totally, 100 elderly patients with pulmonary complications were enrolled, including 78 males and 22 females, aged 66.4±4.5 years. And 100 patients without pulmonary complications were matched, including 71 males and 29 females aged 66.2±5.0 years. There was no significant difference in the preoperative data between the two groups (P>0.05). Compared to the patients with pulmonary complications, the ICU stay was shorter (8.1±4.4 h vs. 12.9±7.5 h, P<0.001), the first out-of-bed activity time was earlier (8.8±4.5 h vs. 11.2±6.1 h, P=0.002), and the tube incubation time was shorter (19.3±9.2 h vs. 22.5±9.4 h, P=0.015) in the patients wihout pulmonary complications. There was no statistical difference in other perioperative data between the two groups (P>0.05). The mean daily step counts in the pulmonary complications group were significantly less than that in the non-pulmonary complications group (4 745.5±2 190.9 steps vs. 6 821.1± 2 542.0 steps, P<0.001). The daily step counts showed an upward trend for three consecutive days in the two groups, but the difference was not significant. Conclusion     The decline of preoperative mean daily step counts is related to pulmonary complications after thoracoscopic lobectomy in elderly patients. Recording daily step counts can promote preoperative active exercise training for hospitalized patients.

2.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1362-1365,1370, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909711

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rScO 2) and anesthesia depth monitoring in predicting postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) in patients with non-macrovascular surgery. Methods:A retrospective analysis of 147 patients with non-macrovascular surgery under general anesthesia admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from August 2017 to June 2019 was performed and divided into the POCD group ( n=37) and the non-POCD group ( n=110) according to the presence/absence of postoperative POCD. The changes of bispectral index (BIS) and rScO 2 in patients before anesthesia induction (T 0), endotracheal intubation (T 1), 2 hours after operation (T 2), after operation (T 3), and at extubation (T 4) were recorded, and the predictive value for the occurrence of POCD was analyzed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results:There was no statistically significant difference in anesthesia time, operation time and operation type between the two groups ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in BIS and rScO 2 levels between the two groups at T 0, T 1 and T 4 ( P>0.05). BIS and rScO 2 levels in the POCD group at T 2 and T 3 were lower than those in the non-POCD ( P<0.05). Both BIS and rScO 2 of the two groups reached the lowest value at T 2, and the reduction rate of rScO 2 in the POCD group was higher than that in the non-POCD group [(31.84±3.27)% vs (14.81±2.52)%, P<0.05]. The ROC curve of BIS-T 2, rScO 2-T 2, BIS-T 3, rScO 2-T 3, rScO 2 reduction from the baseline value to predict POCD in patients with non-macrovascular surgery was plotted, and the AUCs were 0.514, 0.617, 0.505, 0.633, 0.724, respectively. The highest AUC value of 0.808 was found for combined detection at T 2 (rScO 2 and BIS). Conclusions:The combined detection of intraoperative regional cerebral oxygen saturation and anesthesia depth monitoring is of good clinical application value in predicting postoperative cognitive dysfunction in patients with non-macrovascular surgery.

3.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 22-25, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880416

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#In the context of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, the subject was designed to develop a new tracheal intubation device based on magnetic navigation technology to improve the success rate of tracheal intubation and reduce the risk of occupational exposure of medical staff.@*METHODS@#The new tracheal intubation device was designed with the uniqueness of the magnetic field environment and magnetic steering of magnetic navigation technology. And preliminary magnetic navigation tracheal intubation experiments were performed on the tracheal intubation simulator.@*RESULTS@#Magnetic navigation tracheal intubation can successfully implement tracheal intubation, and the time required is lower than that of traditional laryngoscopy.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The tracheal intubation based on magnetic navigation technology is feasible, with high efficiency and easy operation. That is expected to be widely used for tracheal intubation during treatment of patients outside the hospital in the future. At the same time, magnetic navigation endotracheal intubation technology will be the key technology for the development of endotracheal intubation robots.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19/therapy , Equipment Design , Feasibility Studies , Intubation, Intratracheal , Magnetic Phenomena , SARS-CoV-2 , Technology
4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2308-2314, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826604

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#In recent years, visual quality has been extensively investigated in various conditions. In this community-based population study, we analyzed the effects of aging, refraction, and Lens Opacification Classification System III (LOCSIII) score on retinal imaging quality in healthy Chinese adults.@*METHODS@#This cross-sectional study was conducted on sub-group subjects from The Handan Eye Study between October 2012 and January 2013. Healthy subjects over 30-years-old with logarithm of the minimal angle of resolution (logMAR) best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) less than 0 were included. Retinal image quality was measured by optical quality analysis system (OQAS) and recorded as modulation transfer function cutoff frequency (MTFcutoff), OQAS value (OV) 100%, OV20%, OV9%, Strehl ratio (SR), and objective scatter index (OSI). The correlation between age, spherical equivalent refraction (SE), LOCSIII score, and optical quality parameters were investigated by multivariate analysis.@*RESULTS@#Among 1108 verified subjects, 690 subjects (1380 eyes) met the inclusion criteria. Their age ranged from 30 to 76 years, SE ranged from -4.75 to 2.75 D. They were divided into five age groups (30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, and ≥70 years) for further analysis. After multivariate analysis by mixed-effect linear model, SR (t =  -3.03, P = 0.002), OV20% (t = -2.39, P = 0.017), and OV9% (t = -3.16, P = 0.001) significantly decreased with the increasing age, whereas logMAR BCVA (t = 4.42, P < 0.001) and OSI (t = 4.46, P < 0.001) significantly increased with age. As SE increased, SR (t = 2.74, P = 0.01), OV20% (t = 2.31, P = 0.02), and OV9% (t = 2.79, P = 0.005) significantly elevated, and OSI (t = -3.38, P < 0.001) significantly decreased. With the increase in cortical opacity score, all optical quality parameters except for SR significantly decreased, including MTFcutoff (t = -2.78, P = 0.01), OV100% (t = -2.78, P = 0.005), OV20% (t = -2.60, P = 0.009), and OV9% (t = -2.05, P = 0.040). As posterior sub capsular opacity score increased, MTFcutoff (t = -2.40, P = 0.02) and OV100% (t = -2.40, P = 0.01) significantly decreased, while OSI (t = 7.56, P < 0.001) significantly increased.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In healthy Chinese adult population, optical quality-related parameters significantly decrease with the increasing age, and OSI significantly increases with age. In normal BCVA subjects, optical quality is significantly impacted by cortical and posterior sub capsular opacity rather than by nuclear opacity.

5.
Chinese Journal of Practical Gynecology and Obstetrics ; (12): 283-286, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816180

ABSTRACT

Polycystic ovary syndrome(PCOS)is one ofthe most common endocrine disorders in women,whichis associated with metabolic abnormalities and long-term complications including diabetes and cardiovas-cular diseases.When diagnosed with PCOS,patientsneed to undergo screening tests on glycolipid metab-olism in time,in order to conduct early intervention toreduce the cardiovascular and diabetic risk.Manage-ments of glycolipid metabolic disorders in PCOS shouldbe based on the characteristics of different phenotypesand patients' needs in order to perform individualtreatments.

6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 107-112, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699699

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the characteristics and feasibility of genipin-crosslinked amniotic membrane(AM) as bio-scaffold.Methods Human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUCMSCs) were isolated from fresh umbilical cord and cultured by adherent method.The expressions of PE-CD34,PE-CD45,PE-CD90,FITC-105 and FITC-Oct-4,the markers of hUCMSCs,were detected by flow cytometry.Alizarin red and oil red O staining were performed to identify the cells after adipogenesis and osteogenesis induction on the third-generation cells.Human AMs were treated at 37 ℃ and 45 ℃ by 0.5% and 1% genipin solution for 24,36 and 48 hours respectively,and the mechanical properties of AM in each group were measured and compared.The hUCMSCs were divided into only hUCMSCs culture group,fresh AM group,crosslinked AM group,gelatin group and crosslinked AM+gelatin group,and the cells were cultured in the corresponding medium.The content of hydroxyproline among the groups was detected with hydroxyproline kit,and proliferation of the cells (absorbance) was assayed by MTT method to evaluate the biological compatibility of crosslinked AM.Results The maximum tensile displacement of the crosslinked-AM by 0.5% and 1% genipin was (8.31±0.43)mm and (4.49±0.37)mm respectively,and those after crosslinked with 0.5% genipin under the 37 ℃ and 45 ℃ for 24 hours was (9.89±1.09)mm and (5.39±0.59)mm,respectively,showing a significant difference between them (t =6.389,P<0.05).The maximum tensile displacement of the crosslinked-AM was gradually decreased as the lapse of crosslinking time,and an insignificant difference was found among 24,36 and 48 hours after 0.5% genipin treatment under the 37 ℃ (P>0.05).The loading force of the crosslinked-AM was significantly higher in the 1% genipin treated group than that in the 0.5% genipin treated group (P<0.05),and the loading force of the AM was significantly increased in 45 ℃,0.5% genipin,24 hours crosslinked group compared with the 37 ℃,0.5% genipin,24 hours crosslinked group (t =5.528,P<0.05).The content of hydroxyproline in the AM was (1.28±0.36),(2.03 ±0.49) and (2.11 ±0.10) mg/g in the 1% genipin crosslinked AM group,0.5% genipin crosslinked AM group and fresh AM group,respectively,and the content of hydroxyproline in the AM in the 1% genipin group was significantly lower than that in the 0.5% genipin group in the fresh AM group (both at P<0.05).The proliferative values of the hUCMSCs were significantly lower in the only hUCMSCs culture group,fresh AM group and gelatin group were significantly reduced in comparison with the crosslinked AM group and crosslinked AM+gelatin group (all at P<0.05).There was no significant difference in the proliferative values of the hUCMSCs between crosslinked AM group and crosslinked AM+gelatin group (P>0.05).Conclusions Different crosslinked temprature,crosslinking period and concentration of genipin impact the mechanical properties of AM.Crosslinked AM with genipin is feasible as a carrier scaffold of artificial cornea because of less tissue toxicity and better plasticity.

7.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 2011-2019, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698651

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells can be induced to differentiate into hepatocyte-like cells in vitro and in vivo.However,the exact mechanism is still unknown. Existing studies have shown that the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway is closely related to this process. OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway on the differentiation of umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells into hepatocyte-like cells and its potential molecular mechanism. METHODS: Human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells were extracted from the neonatal umbilical cord by tissue adherent method. After being cultured and purified, the umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells at passages 4-6 were divided into four groups: control group (DMEM culture group), hepatocyte-like differentiation group, activator Wnt3a group (adding 20 μg/L Wnt3a, an activator of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, under the differentiation condition), and inhibitor Dkk-1 group (adding 20 μg/L Dkk-1, an inhibitor of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, under the differentiation condition). Induced cells were collected respectively on days 7, 14, 21, 28. Their mRNA and protein expressions of α-fetoprotein (AFP), albumin (ALB), hepatocyte nuclear factor 4α (HNF4α) and Cytokeratin-19 (CK-19) in the cells were detected by real-time quantitative PCR and western blot respectively. Meanwhile, Periodic Acid-Schiff staining, low-density lipoprotein uptake test and indocyanine green absorption test were applied to detect the function of hepatocyte-like cells. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Compared with the control group, expressions of AFP and HNF4α mRNA and protein as well as ALB mRNA were significantly up-regulated in the hepatocyte-like differentiation group, activator Wnt3a group and inhibitor Dkk-1 group (P < 0.05). Whereas, there was a decrease in the CK-19 expression at mRNA and protein levels (P < 0.01) in these three groups. Compared with the hepatocyte-like differentiation group, the mRNA and protein expressions of AFP and HNF4α, and the mRNA expression of ALB were significantly down-regulated in the activator Wnt3a group (P < 0.05). Compared with hepatocyte-like differentiation group and activator Wnt3a group, the inhibitor Dkk-1 group had higher expression of AFP, HNF4α mRNA and their proteins as well as the mRNA expression of ALB (P <0.05). Findings from the Periodic Acid-Schiff staining, low-density lipoprotein uptake test and indocyanine green absorption test showed more positive cells in the inhibitor Dkk-1 group than in the hepatocyte-like differentiation group and least positive cells in the activator Wnt3a group. Overall, these findings suggest that the inhibition of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway promotes the differentiation of umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells into hepatocyte-like cells;conversely,the cell differentiation can be inhibited via the Wnt/β-catenin pathway.

8.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1434-1436, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745624

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of nalbuphine in preventing shivering after neuraxial anesthesia in patients undergoing cesarean section.Methods Eighty American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ patients,aged 20-35 yr,weighing 55-80 kg,undergoing elective cesarean section under neuraxial anesthesia,were divided into nalbuphine group (group N,n=40) and control group (group C,n=40) using a random number table method.After delivery,nalbuphine 0.1 mg/kg was intravenously injected immediately before clamping the umbilical cord in group N,and the equal volume of normal saline was given instead in group C.Ramsay sedation score was recorded before giving nalbuphine,at 5 min after giving nalbuphine,and at the end of surgery.The development of shivering was recorded from the end of nalbuphine administration until the end of surgery,and the shivering intensity was estimated using Wrench grading.The development of over-sedation,nausea and vomiting,bradycardia,hypotension and dizziness was recorded from the end of nalbuphine administration until the end of surgery.Results Compared with group C,Ramsay sedation scores were significantly increased at 5 min after giving nalbuphine and at the end of surgery,the incidence of shivering was decreased,the shivering intensity was reduced (P<0.05),and no significant change was found in the incidence of adverse reactions in group N (P> 0.05).Conclusion Nalbuphine can prevent the occurrence of shivering after neuraxial anesthesia in patients undergoing cesarean section.

9.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1717-1720, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696721

ABSTRACT

Objective To differentiate the renal angiomyolipoma with minimal fat (mf-RAML) from clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) by Logistic regression analysis and CT quantitative analysis.Methods 25 patients with mf-RAML and 62 patients with ccRCC were collected and performed with enhanced CT scan.The CT signs,CT attenuation value and CT relative attenuation value were calculated and recorded.Results Pseudocapsule and enhancement pattern (OR=0.061,7.445,P=0.005,0.034) were the independent variables of Logistic regression equation.There were statistical difference between the unenhanced muscle%,CT relative attenuation value in renal cortical phase,CT attenuation value and CT relative attenuation value in renal medulla phase and CT relative attenuation value of the mf-RAML and those of the ccRCC (P =0.000-0.040).In addition,the two diseases had low positive correlation with the unenhanced muscle% and CT attenuation value and CT relative attenuation value in renal medulla phase (r =0.221-0.343,P =0.001-0.040),and had low to middle negative correlation with CT relative attenuation value in renal cortical phase (r =-0.512,-0.225,P =0.000,0.036).The areas under the ROC curve of unenhanced muscle% and CT relative attenuation value in renal medulla phase were relatively high (0.665-0.753).Conclusion Pseudocapsule and enhancement pattern were independent factors in differentiating mf-RAML from ccRCC.The CT attenuation value of the mf-RAML was similar to the erector spinae muscle.The enhanced degree of mf-RAML in renal cortical phase was lower than that of the ccRCC,while the reduced degree of the ccRCC was higher than that of the mf-RAML in renal medulla phase.The unenhanced muscle% and the CT relative attenuation value in renal medulla phase are of great significance in diagnosing mf-RAML and ccRCC,especially the unenhanced muscle%.

10.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1613-1616, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-477566

ABSTRACT

Objective To measure the length and diameter of the main bronchus using three-dimensional reconstruction from spi-ral chest computerized tomography scans in Chinese patients,and to evaluate the relationship between the BMI of patients and the length and diameter of main bronchi in order to provide the basis for pre-operative tracheal intubation.Methods 100 males and 100 females,who were scheduled to undergo a chest CT scan for physical examination,the diameter at the carina of the left and right main bronchus were measured.The length of the main bronchi extending from the carina to the line that is vertical to the bronchial wall at the starting point from the branches of the upper lobe was measured at the workstation.Results the length of the men’s right and left main bronchus was (1 9.7±5.2)mm and (50.3 ±4.7)mm.the length of the women’s right and left main bronchus was (18.2±4.1)mm and (46.3±4.5)mm,The length of the left main bronchus(LMB)was about 3-4 times greater than right main bronchus(RMB).the cross-section of the men’s left and right main bronchus was (175.3±29.6)mm2 and (209.4±32.7)mm2 ,the cross-section of the women’s left and right main bronchus was (120.5±24.8)mm2 and (144.4±33.7)mm2 .There was no signifi-cant relationship between the length and diameter of main bronchi and the BMI of patients.Conclusion The results showed that there was no direct relationship between the diameter and the length of main bronchi and the BMI of patients.BMI is not the criteri-on for choosing double-lumen tube (DLT)size.We proposed that three-dimensional reconstruction be used to measure the size of the main bronchi and determine the optimal size of the DLT in a clinical setting.

11.
Medical Journal of Chinese People's Liberation Army ; (12): 66-70, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-850146

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the protective effects of puerarin combined with edaravone on inhalation lung injury induced by black gunpowder smog in rats. Methods Forty healthy male Wistar rats were randomly divided into normal control group (group N), inhalation group (group X), puerarin group (group P), edaravone group (group E) and edaravone combined with puerarin group (group L), with 8 rats in each group. Rat model of inhalation lung injury was reproduced by a self-made smoke generator. Rats in group E were given intraperitoneal injections of edaravone (9 mg/kg) at 30 minutes and 1 day after modeling (twice totally). Rats in group P were given intraperitoneal injections of puerarin (100 mg/kg) at 30 minutes and 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 days after modeling (6 times totally). Rats in group L were treated the way of both group E and P. The rats in group N and group X were given intraperitoneal injections of normal saline (12 ml/kg) at the time-points above. The animals were sacrificed 6 days after modeling, and the blood samples were collected from abdominal aorta to assess arterial blood gas values, meanwhile the serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-10 (IL-10) were determined by ELISA. Lung tissue homogenates were prepared to determine the protein content and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity. The pathological changes in the lung tissue with HE staining were observed under light microscope. Results Arterial blood gas analysis revealed that the PaO2 levels in groups P, E and L were higher than that in group X (P<0.05), and the PaO2 levels in groups E and L were higher than that in group P (P<0.05), while the PaCO2 level in group L was lower than that in groups X and E (P<0.05). The TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-10 levels in serum, the protein content and MPO activity in lung tissue homogenate in groups P, E and L were lower than those of group X (P<0.05). The TNF-α and IL-6 levels in serum and protein content and MPO activity in lung tissue homogenate in groups E and L were lower than those of group P (P<0.05), while IL-10 level in serum was higher than that of group P (P<0.05). The TNF-α and IL-6 levels in serum and protein content in lung tissue homogenate in group L were lower than those of group E (P<0.05). HE staining revealed that lung edema was alleviated and inflammatory exudate and infiltration in groups P, E and L were less marked when compared with group X, while they were more significant in group L. Conclusions Edaravone combined with puerarin can alleviate the inflammatory reaction of inhalation lung injury induced by black gunpowder smog via reducing the production and release of pro-inflammatory mediators, thus playing a protective role against lung injury. The effect of a combination of the drugs is better than that of either drug alone.

12.
The Journal of Clinical Anesthesiology ; (12): 656-658, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-453241

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the correlation between postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD)and serum level of S100βand NSE in patients undergoing on-pump heart valve replacement. Methods Ninety-eight patients underwent elective heart valve replacement were enrolled and divided into two groups:POCD group (group P)and none POCD group(group NP)by the result of neurocog-nitive testing with MMSE performed preoperatively and on the first postoperative day.Serum S-100βprotein and NSE were measured before operation(T0 ),at the end of operation(T1 ),24 h(T2 )and 48 h(T3 ) postoperatively.Results The incidence of POCD on the first postoperative day was 45 (45.9%).Compared with T0 ,the S100βincreased at T1 in both groups (P <0.05),NSE increased at T1 and T2 in both groups,and NSE increased in group NP at T3 (P <0.05).There was no signifi-cant difference of NSE between groups P and NP.The prolonged recovery time(OR = 1.222,P =0.004)and increased concentration of S100βat the end of operation(OR=1.85,P =0.009)were pre-dictors of POCD on the first postoperative day.Conclusion There was a higher incidence of POCD af-ter on-pump heart valve replacement surgery.The prolonged recovery time and increased concentra-tion of S100βat the end of operation might be predictors of POCD.

13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3454-3458, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-240146

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The evaluation of retinal image quality in cataract eyes has gained importance and the clinical modulation transfer functions (MTF) can obtained by aberrometer and double pass (DP) system. This study aimed to compare MTF derived from a ray tracing aberrometer and a DP system in early cataractous and normal eyes.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>There were 128 subjects with 61 control eyes and 67 eyes with early cataract defined according to the Lens Opacities Classification System III. A laser ray-tracing wavefront aberrometer (iTrace) and a double pass (DP) system (OQAS) assessed ocular MTF for 6.0 mm pupil diameters following dilation. Areas under the MTF (AUMTF) and their correlations were analyzed. Stepwise multiple regression analysis assessed factors affecting the differences between iTrace- and OQAS-derived AUMTF for the early cataract group.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>For both early cataract and control groups, iTrace-derived MTFs were higher than OQAS-derived MTFs across a range of spatial frequencies (P < 0.01). No significant difference between the two groups occurred for iTrace-derived AUMTF, but the early cataract group had significantly smaller OQAS-derived AUMTF than did the control group (P < 0.01). AUMTF determined from both the techniques demonstrated significant correlations with nuclear opacities, higher-order aberrations (HOAs), visual acuity, and contrast sensitivity functions, while the OQAS-derived AUMTF also demonstrated significant correlations with age and cortical opacity grade. The factors significantly affecting the difference between iTrace and OQAS AUMTF were root-mean-squared HOAs (standardized beta coefficient = -0.63, P < 0.01) and age (standardized beta coefficient = 0.26, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>MTFs determined from a iTrace and a DP system (OQAS) differ significantly in early cataractous and normal subjects. Correlations with visual performance were higher for the DP system. OQAS-derived MTF may be useful as an indicator of visual performance in early cataract eyes.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aberrometry , Methods , Cataract , Visual Acuity , Physiology
14.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 666-672, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812644

ABSTRACT

AIM@#To analyze the composition of the Chinese herbal medicine Sanjie Zhentong Capsule (SJZTC) and test the therapeutic efficacy of each component in a rat model of endometriosis.@*METHODS@#A rapid resolution liquid chromatography (RRLC) method coupled with electrospray ionization quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (Q-TOF MS) has been developed for the analysis of SJZTC. Two main ingredients, Drac(h)onis sanguis and saponin, were tested in the endometriosis model. Sixty Lewis female rats were in the estrous cycle stage when endometriosis was experimentally initiated by peritoneal implantation of endometrial tissue. Four weeks later, a second laparotomy was performed and implant volumes were measured. After that, the implanted rats were randomized into five study groups: control group (treatment with saline), anastrozole group (treatment with anastrole, 18 μg per day), loureirin A group (treated with loureirin A, 97.2 mg), ginsenoside Re group (treated with ginsenoside Re, 64.8 mg), and SJZTC groups (treated with SJZTC, 86.4 mg) administered once a day for 4 weeks via gastric gavage. After four weeks of treatment, a third laparotomy was performed, implant volumes were re-measured, and the levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) were tested.@*RESULTS@#A total of 38 compounds including, both the target and unknown compounds, were rapidly predicted in the capsule extract by the developed method. Compared with the control group, the anastrozole group, loureirin A group, ginsenoside Re group, and SJZTC treated group showed smaller implant volumes, as well as lower levels of VEGF and TNF-α in the peritoneal focus (P < 0.01 for all comparisons). Furthermore, parameters in the groups treated with SJZTC, loureirin A and ginsenoside Re were significantly better than the control group and the anastrozole group. These results indicate that SJZTC and its two main components are effective in reducing the development of endometriosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Rats , Capsules , Chemistry , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Endometriosis , Drug Therapy , Rats, Inbred Lew
15.
Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine ; (12): 1112-1116, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-309315

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the effects of sanjie zhentong capsule (SZC) and danazol on rats with endometriosis (EMT).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 48 adult female Lewis rats were selected, 12 as the blank control group, and the rest 36 rats in the estrus cycle were used to establish the EMT model. After modeling they were randomly divided into 3 groups, i.e., the model control group, the SZC treatment group, and the danazol treatment group, 12 in each group. Four weeks later the focus was measured by a second laparotomy. The normal saline at 1 mL/day was administered to rats in the model control group, SZC at 86.4 mg/day to those in the SZC treatment group, and danazol at 7.2 mg/day to those in the danazol treatment group. All the treatment lasted for 4 weeks. At the end of the treatment, a third laparotomy was performed to measure the size of focus. The expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) was detected using immunohistochemical assay. The cell apoptosis rate was detected using terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxy-UTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL). The concentration of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in the peritoneal fluid and the serum were detected using ELISA.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was statistical difference in the change of the focus volume between the SZC treatment group (-23.27 +/- 18.18) and the danazol treatment group (-12.28 +/- 10.04) and the model control group (13.97 +/- 7.54, P < 0.01). The expression of ectopic PCNA significantly decreased and the positive expression rate of TUNEL obviously increased in the two treatment groups when compared with the model control group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). The expression of ectopic PCNA decreased and the positive expression rate of TUNEL increased more obviously in the SZC treatment group than in the danazol treatment group (P < 0.01). The concentration of PGE2 in the peritoneal fluid and the serum was significantly lower in the two treatment group when compared with the model control group (P < 0.01). The concentration of PGE2 in the peritoneal fluid and the serum was significantly lower in the SZC treatment group than in the danazol treatment group (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>SZC and danazol both could inhibit the focus growth in EMT rats. SZC showed better effects. It was an effective drug for treating EMT.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Capsules , Danazol , Therapeutic Uses , Dinoprostone , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Endometriosis , Drug Therapy , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen , Metabolism , Rats, Inbred Lew , Treatment Outcome
16.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 2772-2773, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-421998

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study infection status of voluntary blood donors and epidemic trends of related infectious diseases in Bengbu area.MethodsBlood infection markers(ALT, HBsAg,Anti-HCV,TP and Anti-HIV) of 130 118 voluntary blood donors were detected.Voluntary blood donors were divided into college students group,reservation group and street group.Then, the positive rates of blood infection markers of three groups were compared.ResultsAccounting for 4.41% ,5 748 voluntary donors of 130 118 volunteers were unqualified.The positive infection rates of students group, reservation group and street group were 2.42%, 4.08% and 4.85%.The statistical differences of ALT and anti-HCV among these groups were significant (x2 = 35.07,12.31,12.45,116.49, all P <0.01),and no statistical significance was found in ALT difference among these groups(x2 = 3.82,0.59, all P >0.05).ConclusionThe infection rates of these blood donation related diseases of voluntary donors in bengbu aera showed increasing tendency, and that of college students in bengbu area was relatively lower.

17.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 91-96, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-480337

ABSTRACT

Pharmacometrics,developed from the conventional pharmacokinetics,is the science of applying mathe-matical and statistical methods to characterize,understand,and predict a drug's pharmacokinetic,phannacodyna-mic,and biomarker-outcome behaviors.Pharmacometrics has been widely valued for its utility of modeling and simulation in drug research and development,therapeutic drug monitoring and individualized therapy.This paper reviewed the advances of pharmacometrics employed in new drug research and development and therapeutic drug monitoring both at home and abroad.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 883-90, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-382460

ABSTRACT

In this study, we evaluated the influence of different variance from each of the parameters on the output of tacrolimus population pharmacokinetic (PopPK) model in Chinese healthy volunteers, using Fourier amplitude sensitivity test (FAST). Besides, we estimated the index of sensitivity within whole course of blood sampling, designed different sampling times, and evaluated the quality of parameters' and the efficiency of prediction. It was observed that besides CL1/F, the index of sensitivity for all of the other four parameters (V1/F, V2/F, CL2/F and k(a)) in tacrolimus PopPK model showed relatively high level and changed fast with the time passing. With the increase of the variance of k(a), its indices of sensitivity increased obviously, associated with significant decrease in sensitivity index for the other parameters, and obvious change in peak time as well. According to the simulation of NONMEM and the comparison among different fitting results, we found that the sampling time points designed according to FAST surpassed the other time points. It suggests that FAST can access the sensitivities of model parameters effectively, and assist the design of clinical sampling times and the construction of PopPK model.

19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 883-890, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-354559

ABSTRACT

In this study, we evaluated the influence of different variance from each of the parameters on the output of tacrolimus population pharmacokinetic (PopPK) model in Chinese healthy volunteers, using Fourier amplitude sensitivity test (FAST). Besides, we estimated the index of sensitivity within whole course of blood sampling, designed different sampling times, and evaluated the quality of parameters' and the efficiency of prediction. It was observed that besides CL1/F, the index of sensitivity for all of the other four parameters (V1/F, V2/F, CL2/F and k(a)) in tacrolimus PopPK model showed relatively high level and changed fast with the time passing. With the increase of the variance of k(a), its indices of sensitivity increased obviously, associated with significant decrease in sensitivity index for the other parameters, and obvious change in peak time as well. According to the simulation of NONMEM and the comparison among different fitting results, we found that the sampling time points designed according to FAST surpassed the other time points. It suggests that FAST can access the sensitivities of model parameters effectively, and assist the design of clinical sampling times and the construction of PopPK model.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Young Adult , Administration, Oral , Asian People , Fourier Analysis , Immunosuppressive Agents , Blood , Pharmacokinetics , Models, Biological , Nonlinear Dynamics , Sensitivity and Specificity , Tacrolimus , Blood , Pharmacokinetics
20.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 584-588, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-315099

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the distribution of ER isoforms in endometriosis and eutopic endometrium.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Tissue samples of patients with ovarian endometriosis, treated in People's Liberation Army General Hospital from January 2004 to December 2006, were retrieved. A total of 60 cases of ovarian endometriotic cysts with their corresponding eutopic endometrium (30 cases of proliferation phase and 30 of secretary phase eutopic endometrium) and 30 cases of normal endometrium (15 proliferative and 15 secretary phase endometrial samples respectively) were included. Expressions of ERalpha and ERbeta were analyzed using immunohistochemistry and the expression ratio was statistically analyzed by using SPSS 12.0 software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Expressions of both ERalpha and ERbeta in epithelial cells were positively correlated with that of the stromal cells. The expression of ERalpha in eutopic endometrium (73.3% in epithelium and 76.7% in stroma) was significantly higher than that in ovarian endometriotic cysts (43.3% in epithelium and 46.7% in stroma), or normal control (56.7% in epithelium and 50.0% in stroma, respectively, each P < 0.05. However, the expression of ERbeta (90.0% in epithelium and 76.7% in stroma) was higher in ovarian endometriotic cysts than that in the eutopic endometrium (68.0% in epithelium and 63.3% in stroma respectively, P < 0.05), and ERbeta expression in eutopic endometrium was higher than that in the normal control endometrium (36.7% in epithelium and 26.7% in stroma, respectively, P < 0.05). The expressions of both ERalpha and ERbeta changed periodically in eutopic and normal endometrium, whereas ERalpha and ERbeta level were less variable in the ectopic endometrium. The expression of ERbeta was statistically higher than that of ERalpha (P < 0.05) in ectopic endometrium, whereas no significant difference was seen between the two isoforms in the eutopic or normal endometrium.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Both ERalpha and ERbeta have higher expression levels in eutopic endometrium of patients with ovarian endometriotic cysts. ERbeta is predominantly expressed in endometriotic cysts, where the expression of ERalpha is limited. The different distribution of ERalpha and ERbeta may play an important role in the development of ovarian endometriosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Choristoma , Pathology , Endometriosis , Metabolism , Pathology , Endometrium , Metabolism , Pathology , Epithelium , Estrogen Receptor alpha , Estrogen Receptor beta , Immunohistochemistry , Protein Isoforms , Receptors, Estrogen , Stromal Cells , Metabolism
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