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1.
Asian Spine Journal ; : 89-96, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874290

ABSTRACT

Methods@#This is an Institutional Review Board-exempt review of 69 patients (static, n=32; expandable, n=37) diagnosed with DDD who underwent MIS-LLIF at 1–2 contiguous level(s) using static or expandable spacers. Radiographic and clinical outcomes were collected and compared at pre- and postoperative time points up to 12 months. @*Results@#The expandable group had a significantly higher mean change in Visual Analog Scale (VAS) scores at 6 weeks, 6 months, and 12 months vs. static (∆VAS at 12 months: expandable, 6.7±1.3; static, 5.1±2.6). Mean improvement of Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) scores at 3, 6, and 12 months were significantly better for the expandable group vs. static (∆ODI at 12 months: expandable, 63.2±13.2; static, 29.8±23.4). Mean DH and NH significantly increased at final follow-up for both groups, with no significant difference in DH improvement between groups. The expandable mean NH improvement at 6 weeks and 6 months was significantly greater vs. static. Segmental lordosis significantly improved in the expandable group at all time intervals vs static. Subsidence rate at 12 months was significantly lower in the expandable group (1/46, 2.2%) vs. static (12/37, 32.4%). @*Conclusions@#Expandable spacers resulted in a significantly lower subsidence rate, improve segmental lordosis, and VAS and ODI outcomes at 12 months vs. static.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887999

ABSTRACT

Nano-LC-MS/MS was used to analyze trypsin digested deer-horn gelatin( DCG) and deer-hide gelatin( DHG) samples.The glycopeptides in DCG and DHG were quantified by Label-free quantitative( LFQ) peptidomics,on the basis of which the glycopeptides with significant difference in DCG and DHG were determined. As a result,5 736 peptides were identified from DCG samples,including 213 galactosyl-hydroxylysine containing peptides( Gal-Hyl-peptides) and 102 glucosyl-galactosyl-hydroxylysine containing peptides( Glc-Gal-Hyl-peptides),while 6 836 peptides were identified from DHG samples,among which there were 250 Gal-Hyl-peptides and 98 Glc-Gal-Hyl-peptides. With over 3-fold peak area difference and highly significant intergroup difference( P < 0. 01) as the screening criteria,444 differential peptides were determined in DCG and DHG,including 16 Gal-Hyl-peptides and 5 Glc-Gal-Hyl-peptides. Then XIC peak shapes,standard deviation of peak area,and fold change were applied for further screening and 5 glycopeptides with significant differences in DCG and DHG were confirmed,which could serve as potential biomarkers for distinguishing DCG and DHG. The present study provided ideas and strategies for the in-depth investigation on the discrimination of DCG and DHG and is of good theoretical significance and application value for the further research on chemical constituents and quality control of gelatin derived Chinese medicinals.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chromatography, Liquid , Deer , Gelatin , Glycopeptides , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883962

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between life events, cognitive emotional regulation strategies, neuroticism and depression in pregnant women and the internal mechanism of action.Methods:Short-term longitudinal follow-up design were used in this study.A total of 327 pregnant women in the third trimester of pregnancy were investigated with pregnant women's life events scale, cognitive emotion regulation strategy questionnaire, neuroticism subscale of Chinese big five personality questionaire-short form at T1 time point, and patient health questionnaire 9 were measured after 6 weeks(T2).SPSS 20.0 macro program PROCESS was used to examine the mediating effect of cognitive emotion and the moderating effect of neuroticism.Results:(1) The incidence of depression in the third trimester pregnant women was 12.23%.(2)There was significant positive correlation between the total score of life events in pregnant women(T1) and the total score of non-adaptive cognitive emotional regulation strategies(T1) ( r=0.25, P<0.01).Total neurotic personality(T1) and total depressive mood(T2) were significantly positively correlated ( r=0.46, P<0.01).The total scores of life events(T1) of pregnant women were significantly positively correlated with the total scores of depression(T2) ( r=0.36, P<0.01).(3) The non-adaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategy (T1) played a partial mediating role between life events (T1) and depression (T2).The direct effect (effect size=0.29) and the mediating effect (effect size=0.07) accounted for 80.55% and 19.44% of the total effect (effect size=0.36).(4) Neuroticism regulates the second part of the mediating effect of the mediating model.Specifically, the higher the level of individual neuroticism, the stronger the positive predictive effect of non-adaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategies on maternal depression. Conclusion:Pregnant life events play a role in maternal depression through the mediating role of non-adaptive cognitive emotional regulation strategies and the moderating role of neuroticism.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878360

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to evaluate the association between occupational radiation exposure and changes in thyroid hormone levels among medical radiation workers.@*Methods@#This retrospective cohort study included 2,946 radiation workers from 20 Guangzhou hospitals. Data on general characteristics, participant radiation dosimetry, and thyroid function test results [thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), triiodothyronine (T3), and thyroid hormone (T4)] were extracted from dosimetry and medical records. The generalized estimating equation was used to evaluate the trend of changes in thyroid hormone levels over time and was adjusted for age, gender, and occupation.@*Results@#The average annual effective dose was very low and showed a general downward trend. During the follow-up period, changes in T3 and T4 levels among radiation workers were -0.015 [95% confidence interval ( @*Conclusion@#Thyroid hormone secretion might be affected even in low-dose radiation exposure environments.


Subject(s)
Adult , China , Cohort Studies , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Occupational Exposure/adverse effects , Radiation Exposure/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Thyroid Hormones/radiation effects , Young Adult
5.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 351-355, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923177

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the distribution characteristics of surveillance results of key occupational diseases in Nanning City.METHODS: The occupational health monitoring data of key occupational diseases of Nanning City from 2015 to 2019 were collected using judgment sampling method and analyzed by descriptive epidemiology method. RESULTS: A total of 38 cases of key occupational diseases were reported in Nanning City during the past 5 years.The main diseases were occupational pneumoconiosis and occupational noise-induced deafness(ONID). The rate of occupational health examination was 40.06%, showing an increasing trend with the increase of years(P<0.01). The detection rate of occupational pneumoconiosis was higher than that of ONID(0.19% vs 0.01%, P<0.01). However, the abnormal detection rate of occupational health special examination in noise-exposed workers was higher than that in dust-exposed workers(10.98% vs 0.35%, P<0.01). The detection rate of pneumoconiosis-like changes in dust-exposed workers was the highest in private enterprises(P<0.01). The detection rate of binaural high frequency average hearing threshold ≥40 dB was highest in small and micro enterprises and private enterprises(all P<0.01). The detection rate of blood lead level >400 μg/L was 24.75%, and 98.80% of the abnormal workers were concentrated in medium-sized foreign-funded enterprises. The detection rates of abnormal leukocyte, neutrophil and platelet counts in benzene-exposed workers were 1.17%, 3.21% and 0.26% respectively. CONCLUSION: Among the key occupational disease risk factors in Nanning City, the number of workers exposed to dust and noise is relatively high, which results in serious consequences and harm. But the hazards of lead and benzene cannot be ignored. Emphasis should be placed on strengthening the supervision and management of key occupational diseases in small and medium-sized micro-enterprises and private enterprises.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876204

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate and analyze a food borne disease event caused by Vibrio parahaemolyticus (VP) which happened in a company in Shanghai, and to explore the significance of laboratory testing technology in event traceability analysis, then making suggestions on key directions for food-borne disease prevention. Methods On the basis of epidemiological and hygienic investigation, the virulence genes and molecular typing techniques were used for the VP strains detected in the incident. Results A total of 65 patients were consistent with the case definition.The restaurant had no food business license, and its employees had no health certificate.VP was detected in anal swabs of 5 patients and 2 employees, and the PFGE map showed the same. Conclusion The event is suspiciously caused by food contamination from restaurant employees during food processing, assembly or transportation.It is suggested that the management should be improved of all aspects of the restaurant after cooking, and restaurants providing takeaway should be strengthened.

7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1680-1687, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827595

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The catheter-tissue contact force (CF) is one of the significant determinants of lesion size and thus has a considerable impact on the effectiveness of ablation procedures. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of CF on the lesion size during right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) ablation in a swine model.@*METHODS@#Twelve Guangxi Bama miniature male pigs weighing 40 to 50 kg were studied. After general anesthesia, a ThermoCool SmartTouch contact-sensing ablation catheter was introduced to the RVOT via the femoral vein under the guidance of the CARTO 3 system. The local ventricular voltage amplitude and impedance were measured using different CF levels. We randomly divided the animals into the following four groups according to the different CF levels: group A (3-9 g); group B (10-19 g); group C (20-29 g); and group D (30-39 g). Radiofrequency ablations were performed at three points in the free wall and septum of the RVOT in power control mode at 30 W for 30 s while maintaining the saline irrigation rate at 17 mL/min. At the end of the procedures, the maximum depth, surface diameter, and lesion volume were measured and recorded. A linear regression analysis was performed to determine the relationship between continuous variables.@*RESULTS@#A total of 72 ablation lesions were created in the RVOT of the 12 Bama pigs. The maximum depth, surface diameter, and volume of the lesions measured were well correlated with the CF (free wall: β = 0.105, β = 0.162, β = 3.355, respectively, P < 0.001; septum: β = 0.093, β = 0.150, β = 3.712, respectively, P < 0.001). The regional ventricular bipolar voltage amplitude, unipolar voltage amplitude, and impedance were weakly positively associated with the CF (β = 0.065, β = 0.125, and β = 1.054, respectively, P < 0.001). There was a significant difference in the incidence of steam pops among groups A, B, C, and D (free wall: F = 7.3, P = 0.032; septum: F = 10.5, P = 0.009); and steam pops occurred only when the CF exceeded 20 g. Trans-mural lesions were observed when the CF exceeded 10 g in the free wall, while the lesions in the septum were non-trans-mural even though the CF reached 30 g.@*CONCLUSIONS@#CF seems to be a leading predictive factor for the size of formed lesions in RVOT ablation. Maintaining the CF value between 3 and 10 g may be reasonable and effective for creating the necessary lesion size and reducing the risk of complications, such as steam pops and perforations.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818378

ABSTRACT

Objective Melanoma is a malignant tumor with high clinical malignancy, rapid progression, poor prognosis and high mortality. It is of great clinical significance to explore the molecular mechanism of high metastasis of melanoma and find new tumor markers and therapeutic targets. The expression of mitochondrial fusion protein-2 (MFN2) in cutaneous melanoma tissues and peritumoral tissues was studied, and its correlation with clinical parameters was analyzed. The correlation between MFN2 and the biological behavior of melanoma was also discussed. Methods Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of Med19 protein in cutaneous melanoma tissues and peritumoral tissues, and to analyze the correlation between MFN2 expression and clinical factors in patients. The lentiviral vector containing MFN2 coding sequence (Lenti-MFN2) infected with melanoma cell B16 was set up as the study group, and the lentivirus with green fluorescent protein gene (Lenti-GFP) as the control group. The mRNA and protein expressions of MFN2 and Ras-Raf1-ERK1/2 signaling pathways in transfected cells were detected by real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) and Western blot. Flow cytometry was used to detect changes in cell cycle and apoptosis. MTT assay and colony formation assay were used to detect changes in cell viability and proliferation capacity. Results The positive expression rate of MFN2 in peritumoral tissues was significantly higher than that in the skin melanoma tissues (83.9% vs 30.6%, P<0.05). MFN2 expression was associated with both lymph node metastasis and TNM staging (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the proliferation activity and colony forming ability of B16 cells in the study group were significantly inhibited (P<0.05); the proportion of G0/G1 phase cells in B16 cells in the study group significantly increased [(46.3±10.3)% vs (67.9±12.6)%], and the apoptosis rate significantly increased [(12.5±1.6)% vs (57.4±12.6)%], with statistically significant differences (P<0.05). In comparison with the control group, the expression of Ras, Raf, ERK1/2 mRNA and protein in the study group significantly decreased (P<0.05). Conclusion MFN2 is down-regulated in melanoma tissues. Up-regulation of MFN2 expression can inhibit melanoma proliferation and promote cell apoptosis, which may be related to the inhibition of Ras-MAPK signaling pathway activity.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-778713

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the source of human infection H9N2 avian influenza virus (AIV). Methods Environmental AIV nucleic acid monitoring was conducted for live poultry markets in Changsha city from 2014 to 2015, and data of human infection H9N2 subtype AIV cases worldwide were collected. Phylogenetic trees of hemagglutinin(HA), neuraminidase(NA)and non-structural protein(NS)genes from human infection H9N2 subtype AIV, the live poultry markets environmental H9N2 subtype AIV and partial avian H9N2 subtype AIV were constructed using the MEGA 6.06 software, respectively. Results In 2014-2015, H9 subtype AIV had the highest nucleic acid positive rate (44.76%) in the live poultry markets environment of Changsha city, and the pollution was serious. A total of 27 cases of human infection with H9N2 subtype AIV had been reported worldwide, and most of these patients recovered after treatments.Epidemiological survey showed that 59.26% (16/27) of cases had a clear history of exposure to poultry or live poultry markets. The phylogenetic trees of HA, NA and NS genes showed that the human infection H9N2 subtype AIV isolates isolated from Hunan and Guangdong were closely related to the H9N2 subtype AIV isolated from the live poultry markets environment in Hunan and Guangdong provinces from 2013 to 2016. The nucleotide similarity was as high as 97%-99%. Conclusion Live poultry market is one of the sources of human infection with H9N2 influenza virus.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754176

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the mediating effect of adult attachment on relationships be-tween childhood abuse and parent-child relationship. Methods Totally 729 parents of 3-6 years old from Tongzhou of Beijing were selected. The Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ-SF),Experiences in Close Relationship inventory (ECR) and Parent-Child Relationship Scale (CPRS) were assessed to measure their childhood abuse,adult attachment and parent-child relationship . Results The scores of adult attachment, parental childhood abuse, closeness of parent-child relationship, conflict of parent-child relationship were (105. 81±24. 14),(34. 05±7. 67),(41. 99±4. 43) and (26. 42±7. 49). Parental childhood abuse was pos-itively correlated to conflict of parent-child relationship and adult attachment( r=0. 36,0. 37,P<0. 01) and negatively correlated to closeness of parent-child relationship(r=-0. 31,P<0. 01). Furthermore,adult attach-ment was positively correlated to conflict of parent-child relationship (r=0. 41,P<0. 01) and negatively cor-related to closeness of parent-child relationship(r=-0. 24,P<0. 01). Moreover,adult attachment mediated the relationship between father's childhood abuse and parent-child relationship,the mediating effect size was 34%,and the model fit indexes were χ2/df =1. 808,RMSEA=0. 048,CFI=0. 977, TLI=0. 954, GFI=0. 979,AGFI=0. 948 . Adult attachment mediated the relationship between mother's childhood abuse and parent-child relationship,the mediating effect was 46%,and the model fit indexes were χ2/df=1. 739,RM-SEA=0. 044,CFI=0. 980,TLI=0. 960,GFI=0. 982,AGFI=0. 960. Conclusion Parental childhood abuse affects parent-child relationship through adult attachment.

11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 551-561, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774800

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Classification of the pulmonary neuroendocrine tumor (pNET) categories is a step-wise process identified by the presence of necrosis and number of mitoses per 2 mm. In neuroendocrine tumor pathology, Ki-67 was first described as a prognostic factor in the pancreas and incorporated into the grading system of digestive tract neuroendocrine neoplasms in the 2010 WHO classification. However, the significance of Ki-67 in pNETs was still a controversial issue. This study was to investigate the potentially diagnostic value of Ki-67 in pNETs.@*METHODS@#We retrieved 159 surgical specimens of pNETs, including 35 typical carcinoids (TCs), 2 atypical carcinoid (ACs), 28 large-cell neuroendocrine carcinomas (LCNECs), 94 small-cell lung cancers (SCLCs). Manual conventional method (MCM) and computer-assisted image analysis method (CIAM) were used to calculate the Ki-67 proliferative index. In CIAM, 6 equivalent fields (500 × 500 μm) at 10× magnification were manually annotated for digital image analysis.@*RESULTS@#The Ki-67 index among the 4 groups with ranges of 0.38% to 12.66% for TC, 4.34% to 29.48% for AC, 30.67% to 93.74% for LCNEC, and 40.71% to 96.87% for SCLC. The cutoff value of Ki-67 index to distinguish low grade with high grade was 30.07%. For the univariate survival analyses in pNETs, both the overall survival and progression-free survival correlated with Ki-67 index. In addition, the Ki-67 index performed by CIAM was proved to be of great positive correlation with MCM.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Ki-67 index counted by CIAM is a reliable method and can be a useful adjunct to classify the low- and high-grade NETs.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine , Metabolism , Pathology , Female , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Ki-67 Antigen , Metabolism , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell , Metabolism , Pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Neuroendocrine Tumors , Metabolism , Pathology , Prognosis , World Health Organization
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798512

ABSTRACT

Objective:The different parts of Psidium guajava(Myrrhinaceae) have different bioactivities. There are intensive studies for chemical constituents of its leaves and fruits at present. However,there are a few studies for the roots. Therefore, we systematically investigated the chemical constituents of phenolic acids in roots of P.guajava. Method:The chemical constituents were isolated and purified by various column chromatography methods and semi-preparative HPLC. The isolated compounds were identified by physicochemical properties and spectral analysis. Result:Sixteen phenolic components were isolated from the ethanol extract and identified as 3,3',4'-tri-O-methylellagic acid(1),3,3',4-tri-O-methylellagic acid-4'-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(2),3-O-methylellagic acid-4'-O-α-L-rhamnopyranoside(3),3'-O-methyl-3,4-O,O-metheneellagic acid-4'-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(4),gallic acid(5),methyl gallate(6),ethyl gallate(7), 3,4,5-trimethoxypheny-1-β-D-glucopyranoside(8),3,5-dimethoxy-4-hydroxy-benzoic acid-7-O-β-D-glucoside(9),1-hydroxy-3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl-1-O-[6'-O-(4″-carboxy-1″,3″,5″-trihydroxy)phenyl]-β-D-glucopyranoside(10),vanillic acid(11),protocatechuic acid(12),secoisolariciresinol 9-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(13),phloretin 4'-O-β-D-glucopyranoside(14),cinchonain Ib(15) and epicatechin(16). Conclusion:Compounds 3,4,6,8-10,13-15 were isolated from this plant for the first time.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818839

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish an animal model of Sparganum mansoni (plerocercoid larva of S. mansoni) infection in mice and observe the changes of blood routine examinations and serum anti-sparganum antibody levels after the infection. Methods The spargana tapeworms were collected from frogs, and 25 Kunming mice were orally infected with the Sparganum tapeworms (3 tapeworms/mouse). Two days before the infection and 2, 7, 14, 21, 28, 35, 42 days and 49 days after the infection, the peripheral blood samples of mice were collected for the blood routine examinations and the detections of anti-S. mansoni IgG antibody with ELISA. Forty-nine days after the infection, all the mice were sacrificed to find out the Sparganum tapeworms in the bodies of mice. Results The count of the total white blood cells was significantly elevated on the second day of the mice infected with Sparganum. The serum anti-Sparganum antibody was detected on the 14th day of the infection in some mice, and on the 21st day of the infection, the serum anti-Sparganum antibody was detected in all the mice. After the mice were sacrificed, the Sparganum tapeworms were found out in many tissues and organs, and especially in the subcutaneous tissues and muscle. Conclusion The establishment of animal model of Sparganum infection is successful in mice with the oral method, and white blood cells and serum specific IgG antibody detection can be used as auxiliary diagnosis methods of S. mansoni infection.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818717

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish an animal model of Sparganum mansoni (plerocercoid larva of S. mansoni) infection in mice and observe the changes of blood routine examinations and serum anti-sparganum antibody levels after the infection. Methods The spargana tapeworms were collected from frogs, and 25 Kunming mice were orally infected with the Sparganum tapeworms (3 tapeworms/mouse). Two days before the infection and 2, 7, 14, 21, 28, 35, 42 days and 49 days after the infection, the peripheral blood samples of mice were collected for the blood routine examinations and the detections of anti-S. mansoni IgG antibody with ELISA. Forty-nine days after the infection, all the mice were sacrificed to find out the Sparganum tapeworms in the bodies of mice. Results The count of the total white blood cells was significantly elevated on the second day of the mice infected with Sparganum. The serum anti-Sparganum antibody was detected on the 14th day of the infection in some mice, and on the 21st day of the infection, the serum anti-Sparganum antibody was detected in all the mice. After the mice were sacrificed, the Sparganum tapeworms were found out in many tissues and organs, and especially in the subcutaneous tissues and muscle. Conclusion The establishment of animal model of Sparganum infection is successful in mice with the oral method, and white blood cells and serum specific IgG antibody detection can be used as auxiliary diagnosis methods of S. mansoni infection.

15.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 1708-1711, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697852

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical efficacy and safety with statin and ezetimibe in the treat-ment of ACS after PCI. Methods 126 patients with acute coronary syndrome(ACS)who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI )were divided into three groups according to the lipid-lowering strategy. group A:mod-erate-intensity statin group(n = 47),group B:Ezetimibe combined with moderate-intensity statin(n = 38), group C:Fortified statin(n = 41). The levels of serum lipids,liver enzymes,creatinine,creatine kinase(CK), and the compliance ratio of lipids were compared between the three groups at 1 month and 6 months after PCI re-spectively. All patients were followed up for 12 months,then reviewing coronary angiography and comparing MACE incidents within 12 months. Results The levels of cholesterol in group A,group B and group C decreased signifi-cantly(P < 0.05)at one month after PCI,the percentage of decrease of TC in three groups was 18.95%,35.61%and 19.84% and 24.89%,and LDL-C was 39.56%,23.99%,respectively. The percentage of TC and LDL-C in group B were significantly lower than those in other two groups(all P < 0.05). One months after PCI,the compli-ance rate of LDL-C in group B(65.8%)was higher than that in A group(34.0%)and C group(31.7%),P <0.05. Six months after PCI,the compliance rate of LDL-C in group B( 91.3% )was still significantly higher than that in group A(79.4%)and group C(84.2%),but P > 0.05. The incidence of MACE in group B was significant-ly lower than that in group A and C(P < 0.05)at 12 months after PCI,while the incidence of side effects in group C was significantly higher than that in group B and group A(P < 0.05). The incidence of neovascular steno-sis in group B was lower than that in group A and C(all P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the intra-ventricular restenosis among the three groups(all P > 0.05). Conclusions Ezetimibe-statin combination therapy reduced TC and LDL-C levels more significantly than statin alone(including moderate-intensity statin therapy and strengthen statin therapy),and the compliance rate of LDL-C at 1 month after PCI was significantly higher than that of statin alone. The incidence of MACE was lower in combination group than in statin group at 12 months after operation,and the side effects were less. Above all,the combination of statin and ezetimibe may be the secondary prevention for CHD in patients with acute coronary syndrome after PCI.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707228

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the regional epidemiology and antibiotic resistance pattern of diarrheagenic E .coli infection in children ,and to clarify the pathogenic association between diarrheagenic E .coli infection and childhood diarrhea .Methods Totally 680 diarrheal children in the outpatient setting and 680 non-diarrheal control children were enrolled prospectively .The stool samples were collected and the potential enteric pathogens were detected .Minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) method was used to determine the antimicrobial susceptibility for diarrheagenic E .coli isolates .Results The isolation rates of diarrheagenic E .coli in diarrhea group and control group were 15 .6% and 13 .1% ,respecitvely ,and diarrheagenic E .coli was the most commonly detected enteric bacteria .Multivariate logistic regression analysis adjusted for age suggested no clinical association between diarrhea and infection with enteropathogenic E .coli (EPEC) (aOR=1 .2 ,95% CI:0 .8-1 .8) ,enteroadhesive E .coli (EAEC) (aOR=1 .1 ,95% CI:0 .7 -1 .6) and enterotoxigenic E .coli (ETEC) (aOR= 1 .8 ,95% CI:0 .5 -6 .2) . Among 199 diarrheagenic E .coli strains ,the rates of resistance to ampicillin ,tetracycline ,trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole ,azithromycin ,and ceftriaxone were 63 .8% ,55 .8% ,48 .2% ,34 .2% and 26 .6% , respectively ,while the rates of resistance to ciprofloxacin , amoxicillin-clavulanate and cefoxitin were 4 .5% ,1 .5% and 0 .5% ,respectively .Conclusions Diarrheagenic E .coli is the most common enteric bacteria detected in the stool samples from children with and without diarrhea in this study . The pathogenic role of infections with EPEC ,EAEC and ETEC in childhood diarrhea is not determined .EHEC and EIEC are rarely detected and further studies are needed to clarify the pathogenic association between infection with EHEC ,EIEC and childhood diarrhea .

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-838414

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of LIM homeobox gene-8 (Lhx8) on the proliferation, metastasis and invasion of human ovarian cancer SKOV3 cells. Methods Lhx8-overexpression lentivirus (LV-Lhx8) was transfected into ovarian cancer SKOV3 cells to establish Lhx8-overexpression model and the negative control lentivirus (LV-NC) was used as control. Then Lhx8-siRNA and FAM-siRNA (used as control; NC group) siRNA was transfected into SKOV3 cells using Lipofectamine 2000 to construct cell interference model. Cells in wild type (WT) group were only given equivalent transfection reagent without virus or any interference fragment. The expression of Lhx8 was detected by immunofluorescence, qPCR and Western blotting. The proliferation of cells after overexpressing or interfering Lhx8 was measured by EDU assays and cell cycle assay. The migration and invasion of cells after transfection were measured by wound scratch experiments and Transwell assay. Results The expression of Lhx8 in SKOV3 cells in the LV-Lhx8 group was significantly higher than that in the LV-NC and WT groups (P<0.01), and its mRNA and protein expressions were significantly decreased after interfering Lhx8 (P<0.01). Compared with the WT and LV-NC groups, the proliferation of SKOV3 cells was significantly decreased in the LV-Lhx8 group and was significantly increased in the Lhx8-siRNA group (P<0.01). The cell cycle assay showed that Lhx8 overexpression significantly inhibited cell proliferation by increasing the number of cells in the G0/G1 phase, while the number of cells in the S phase in the Lhx8-siRNA group was significantly higher than that in the WT and NC groups (P<0.01). The migration and invasion of SKOV3 cells and the expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and MMP-9 in the LV-Lhx8 group were significantly lower than those in the WT and LV-NC groups (P<0.01), while those in the Lhx8-siRNA group were significantly higher (P<0.01). Conclusion Lhx8 can inhibit the proliferation, migration and invasion of ovarian cancer SKOV3 cells, and down-regulate the expressions of MMP-2 and MMP-9.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-852802

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the chemical constituents from the aerial parts of Leonurus macranthus. Methods: The chemical constituents were separated and purified by silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, ODS column chromatographies, and semi-preparative HPLC. Their structures were determined by physicochemical properties and spectroscopic data. Results: Nineteen compounds were isolated from the CH2Cl2 layer of 70% aqueous acetone extract in the aerial parts of L. macranthus, and identified as (+)-syringaresinol (1), (+)-1-hydroxysyringaresinol (2), rayalinol (3), erythro-guaiacylglycerol-β-O-4'-coniferyl ether (4), (7R, 7'R, 7″S, 8S, 8'S, 8″S)-3', 4″- dihydroxy-3, 5, 4', 5″-tetramethoxy-7, 9': 7', 9-diepoxy-4, 8″-oxy-8, 8'-sesquineo-lignan-7″, 9″-diol (5), (7R, 7'R, 7″S, 8S, 8'S, 8″S)-4', 5″- dihydroxy-3, 5, 3', 4″-tetramethoxy-7, 9': 7', 9-diepoxy-4, 8″-oxy-8, 8'-sesquineo-lignan-7″, 9″-diol (6), genkwanin (7), 3'-hydroxy- genkwanin (8), eriodictyol (9), isoscopoletin (10), p-coumaric acid (11), caffeic acid methyl ester (12), trans-ferulic acid (13), syringic aldehyde (14), vanillic acid (15), oct-1-en-3-yl β-glucopyranoside (16), 5-hydroxy-2-pyrrolidone (17), pterolactam (18), and nicotinamide (19), respectively. Conclusion: Compounds 1-6 and 9-19 are isolated from the plants of genus Leonurus Linn. for the first time, and compounds 7 and 8 are found from L. macranthus for the first time.

19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1731-1736, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779782

ABSTRACT

To investigated the chemical constituents of the roots of Psidium guajava,we isolated seven compounds by silica gel column chromatography.These include oleanane derivatives,2 α,3β,6β,23-tetrahydroxylurs-12,20(30)-dien-28-oic acid β-D-glucopyranoside (1),2α,3β,6β,23-tetrahydroxylurs-12,18-dien-28-oic acid β-D-glucopyranoside (2),2α,3β,23-trihydroxylurs-12,18-dien-28-oic acid β-D-glucopyranoside (3), nigaichigoside F1(4),asiaticoside C (5),2α,3β,6β,19α,23-pentahydroxylurs-12,18-dien-28-oic acid β-Dglucopyranoside (6) and 2α,3β,19α,23-tetrahydroxylurs-12-en-28-oic acid (7).Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectral analysis with reference to the published data.Compound 1 is brand new,compounds 2-6 were first isolated from this plant.The new compound was evaluated for their cytotoxic activity against human hepatoma Bel 7402 in vitro.The results were expressed as the ratio of inhibiting Bel 7402 cells growth by comparing to untreated cells.The new compound (concentration:25 μmol·L-1) showed the ratio values of 52.5%.

20.
Chinese Journal of Zoonoses ; (12): 212-221, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512713

ABSTRACT

We analyzed the evolutional and molecular characteristics of Hemagglutinin(HA),Neuraminidase(NA) and nonstructural(NS) genes of avian influenza A(H9n2) viruses from environment in poultry markets in Changsha,China,2014,providing laboratory data for prevention and control of human infection with avian influenza A(H9N2) virus.Five hundred and one specimens (263 poultry drinking water specimens,226 poultry sewage specimens and 17 others specimens) were collected from environment in poultry markets in Changsha,2014,and real-time RTPCR was used for influenza A typing and subtyping (H5,H7 and H9) detection.HA and NA universal primer sets for conventional RT-PCR and sequencing were used for the positivity of single H9.The sequence homology of HA,NA and NS genes of the viruses were analyzed with the online Basic Local Alignment Search Tool (BLAST).The ClustalW multiple alignments of amino acids and the phylogenetic trees for HA,NA and NS genes were constructed using the BioEdit and MEGA 5 software,respectively.Results showed that among 501 environmental samples,350 samples were positive for influenza A virus,191 (38.12%) for H9 subtype,177 (35.33%) for H5 subtype,11 (2.20%) for H7 subtype and 68 (13.57%) for H5 and H9 subtypes co-detection.Twenty-three H9N2 subtype AIV were confirmed by conventional RT-PCR and sequencing from the samples of the positivity of single H9.Phylogenetic analysis revealed that most of HA,NA and NS genes of the H9N2 subtype AIV isolated in Changsha City had gene constellations of genotype S,and these virues might have acquired their HA,NA and NS from A/Chicken/Shanghai/F/1998-like (H9N2).L235 (correspond to H3 numbering 226) of the HA protein of the receptor binding site (RBS) were found in these H9N2 viruses,and the characteristics was shown to be associated with increased affinity of HA to the glycan-receptors of human influenza virus,and the low pathogenicity molecular characteristics of HA,NA and NS genes were showed in these viruses.The positive rate of nucleic acid of the H9 subtype of avian influenza virus from environment was the highest in poultry markets in Changsha,2014,and molecular characteristics of the HA,NA and NS of these H9N2 subtype AIV showed low pathogenicity,but that may facilitate human infection.So,the prevalence and genetic evolution of this virus should be closely monitored.

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