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1.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 384-387, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912256

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the surgical method and clinical effect in the repair of thumb tip defect with radial thenar fasciocutaneous flap.Methods:From March, 2016 to January, 2019, 15 patients with thumb tip defect were treated by radial thenar fasciocutaneous flap. There were 6 defects in left thumb and 9 in right thumb. All the thumbtip defects had the exposure of digital bone, and some had defects of digital bone itself. The size of defects ranged from 1.0 cm×2.0 cm to 1.5 cm×3.0 cm, and the size of the flaps ranged from 1.2 cm×2.5 cm to 1.8 cm×4.0 cm. All of the donor sites were directly closed. The patients entered follow-up by outpatient visit, telephone calls or WeChat reviews to evaluate the quality of the flaps and the clinical effects of the surgery.Results:All flaps survived with good quality. All the donor sites achieved primary healing. The follow-ups lasted for 6 to 18 months with an average of 10.5 months. At the final follow-up review, the appearance of flaps was satisfactory in natural colour, flexible and wear-resistant. There were various degrees of sensation recovery of the flaps, with TPD from 6 mm to 12 mm. The sensation around the donor site was close to normal. Function of the thumbs was evaluated according to the total active movement (TAM) evaluation system. Twelve thumbs were graded excellent and 3 in good.Conclusion:The radial thenar fasciocutaneous flap achieved satisfactory clinical effect in the repair of thumb tip defect. The texture of the flaps is close to the recipient site and the damage to the donor site is minimal.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911745

ABSTRACT

In order to provide efficient medical care to atrial fibrillation patients in the community, the Huamu Community Health Service Center in association with its medical consortium, Renji Hospital have developed a novel atrial fibrillation management system. With the collaboration of general practitioners and specialist team from the tertiary hospital, a special clinic for atrial fibrillation has been set up in the community health service center, which is based on the internet technology and the medical consortium platform. This article introduces the development of this novel system and the initial outcome of the measures, to provide a reference for the management of atrial fibrillation patients in the community.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910653

ABSTRACT

The Tokyo guidelines (TG) for acute cholecystitis, published in 2007, have been updated to the third edition of TG18, and the European World Association of Emergency Surgeons (WSES) Guidelines, published in 2016, has also been updated to the 2020 edition. Different guidelines have certain consensus and differences in diagnosis and treatment ideas. Better understanding the updated content in the guidelines and master the consensus among different guidelines can make the clinical diagnosis and treatment more standardized, safer and scientific. In this paper, the changes in the updating process of each version of the two guidelines and the consensus differences between the guidelines are summarized in order to provide a clear idea for clinical workers in the diagnosis and treatment of acute cholecystitis.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910499

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect and molecular mechanism of circ_0001955 on the radiosensitivity of prostate cancer DU145 cells.Methods:The si-con, si-circ_0001955, miR-con and miR-149 were transfected into DU145 cells and recorded as the si-con group, si-circ_0001955 group, miR-con group, miR-149 group. The miR-149 and pc-circ_0001955 were co-transfected into DU145 cells and recorded as the miR-149+ pc-circ_0001955 group. Untreated cells were used as the blank control (NC) group. Real-time quantitative PCR was employed to detect the expression levels of circ_0001955 and miR-149. MTT assay was performed to detect cell viability. Flow cytometry was carried out to detect cell apoptosis. Transwell chamber assay was conducted to observe cell migration and invasion. Western blot was performed to detect the expression levels of MMP-2, MMP-9, Cleaved caspase-3, Cleaved caspase-9 and γ-H 2AX proteins. Colony formation assay was employed to determine the cell radiosensitivity. Dual-luciferase reporter assay was conducted to verify the targeting relationship between circ_0001955 and miR-149. Results:The circ_0001955 was highly expressed, whereas the miR-149 was lowly expressed in prostate cancer DU145 cells. Silencing circ_0001955 or over-expressing miR-149 could decrease the cell viability, migration and invasion, down-regulate the expression levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9, up-regulate the expression levels of Cleaved caspase-3 and Cleaved caspase-9, and increase the apoptosis rate (all P<0.05). After 4 Gy dose irradiation, the expression level of γ-H 2AX was up-regulated, the cell survival fraction was decreased, and the sensitivity ratio was 1.38. circ_0001955 could targetedly regulate the expression level of miR-149. After simultaneous overexpression of circ_0001955 and miR-149, cell proliferation activity and the number of migrating and invading cells were increased, cell apoptosis rate was decreased, and cell survival fraction was increased, and the sensitivity ratio was calculated as 0.72. Conclusion:Silencing circ_0001955 can targetedly up-regulate the expression level of miR-149, which inhibits the proliferation, migration, and invasion, induces cell cycle arrest, induces cell apoptosis and increases the radiosensitivity of prostate cancer DU145 cells.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 751-757, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910236

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of measurement parameters of left atrial appendage by coronary CTA (CCTA) for the risk of cardiogenic stroke (CS) in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF).Methods:The clinical and examination data of 179 patients with NVAF who underwent CCTA examination were retrospectively analyzed. The selected patients were grouped according to the outbreak of acute ischemic stroke and TIA within 2 years after CCTA examination. Patients who met the criteria for CS were selected as cases (87 patients), and those with neither stroke nor TIA as controls (92 patients). The diameter and area of left atrial appendage (LAA) orifice, the LAA depth, and the LAA volume were measured by using dedicated software. The parameter was corrected using the body surface area (BSA) to obtain the correction index of corresponding parameter. The independent samples t test, Mann-Whitney U test, and Chi-square test were used to compare the differences in various indicators between the two groups. Binary logistic regression was used to analyze the impacts of body mass index (BMI), hyperlipidemia, the duration years of atrial fibrillation, left atrial appendage area index (LAAOA Index), and the left atrial appendage emptying fraction (LAAEF) on the risk of CS. The ROC curve was used to evaluate the predictive value of LAAOA Index and LAAEF for the onset of CS. Results:The correction index of the left atrial appendage orifice maximum and minimum diameter, the left atrial appendage orifice area, and the maximum & minimum left atrial appendage volume and the LAAEF in the case group were (1.80±0.21) cm/m 2, (1.19±0.17) cm/m 2, (3.20±0.71) cm 2/m 2, (7.91±1.92) ml/m 2, (5.03±1.40) ml/m 2, (36.20±10.54)%, and those value in the control group were (1.64±0.24) cm/m 2, (1.06±0.19) cm/m 2, (2.65±0.64) cm 2/m 2, (6.61±1.68) ml/m 2, (3.67±1.28) ml/m 2, (45.25±10.07)%, the differences were statistically significant ( t= 4.783, 4.647, 5.481, 4.826, 6.823, and -5.875, all P<0.001). Binary logistic regression analysis showed that the increase in LAAOA Index ( P= 0.005) and the decrease in LAAEF ( P<0.001) were independent risk factors for CS in NVAF patients. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) of LAAOA Index was 0.712 (95%CI 0.639-0.777), and the best diagnostic cut-off was 3.16 cm 2/m 2; the AUC of LAAEF was 0.734 (95%CI 0.663-0.797), the cut-off was 38.71%; the AUC of LAAOA Index-LAAEF was 0.786 (95%CI 0.718-0.843). The difference of AUC value between LAAOA Index and LAAEF was not statistically significant ( Z= 0.448, P= 0.654). The difference of AUC between the LAAOA Index-LAAEF and LAAOA Index ( Z=2.667, P=0.008) and between the LAAOA Index-LAAEF and LAAEF ( Z=2.061, P=0.039) were statistically significant. Conclusions:CCTA can provide a one-stop and relatively accurate evaluation of the size and function of the left atrial appendage by post-processing the coronary vascular scan data. Left atrial appendage measurement parameters from CCTA can be used as a supplement to the CHA2DS2-VASc score, and provide quantitative indicators for the risk assessment of CS in patients with NVAF.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909991

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the treatment of iatrogenic injury to the medial collateral ligament (MCL) in total knee arthroplasty (TKA).Methods:From January 2009 to December 2016, 14 patients were treated at Department of Arthropathy, Zhengzhou Orthopedics Hospital for iatrogenic MCL injury in primary TKA (injury group). They were 3 males and 11 females with an age of (72.6±3.9) years. The MCL injury was body rapture in 9 cases and avulsion of femoral insertion in 5 ones. Interlacing suture was used for body rapture and reparative reconstruction with wire anchors or nails was performed for avulsion of femoral insertion. A restrictive condylar prosthesis was used instead in the 4 patients whose medial stability failed to be restored after repair of body rapture. A control group of 21 cases was enrolled who had suffered from no iatrogenic MCL injury in primary TKA at the corresponding period. There were 5 males and 16 females with an age of (73.2±3.9) years. The 2 groups were compared in terms of American Knee Society Score (KSS) and knee flexion.Results:There was no significant difference between the 2 groups in preoperative general data, showing comparability between groups ( P>0.05). The injury group was followed up for 18 to 36 months (mean, 33 months). Joint loosening was observed at 18 months after operation in 3 patients with nonrestrictive prosthesis who had to receive secondary revision. At the 36-month follow-up of the remaining 11 patients, normal knee extension and flexion was observed, the stress test of valgus showed no inner relaxation, their KSS increased significantly from preoperative 50.0±22.7 to 93.3±4.7, and their knee flexion was improved significantly from 90.4°±10.3° to 110.7°±8.8° ( P<0.05). There were no significant differences in KSS score or knee flexion between the 2 groups at 3, 6, 12 or 36 months after operation ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Iatrogenic MCL injury in primary TKA should be repaired and reconstructed by one-stage surgery because the patients can achieve curative results similar to those for the patients free from iatrogenic MCL injury in primary TKA.

7.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 692-696, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909386

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the application effect of high-flow nasal canula oxygen therapy (HFNC) after extubation in patients with mechanical ventilation (MV) in the intensive care unit (ICU).Methods:A prospective study was conducted. From January 2018 to June 2020, 163 MV patients admitted to Yijishan Hospital of Wannan Medical College were enrolled, and they were divided into HFNC group (82 cases) and traditional oxygen therapy group (81 cases) according to the oxygen therapy model. The patients included in the study were given conventional treatment according to their condition. In the HFNC group, oxygen was inhaled by a nasal high-flow humidification therapy instrument. The gas flow was gradually increased from 35 L/min to 60 L/min according to the patient's tolerance, and the temperature was set at 34-37 ℃. The fraction of inspiration oxygen (FiO 2) was set according to the patient's pulse oxygen saturation (SpO 2) and SpO 2 was maintained at 0.95-0.98. A disposable oxygen mask or nasal cannula was used to inhale oxygen in the traditional oxygen therapy group, and the oxygen flow was 5-8 L/min, maintaining the patient's SpO 2 at 0.95-0.98. The differences in MV duration before extubation, total MV duration, intubation time, reintubation time, extubation failure rate, ICU mortality, ICU stay, and in-hospital stay were compared between the two groups, and weaning failure were analyzed. Results:There was no significant differences in MV duration before extubation (days: 4.33±3.83 vs. 4.15±3.03), tracheal intubation duration (days: 4.34±1.87 vs. 4.20±3.35), ICU mortality [4.9% (4/82) vs. 3.7% (3/81)] and in-hospital stay [days: 28.93 (15.00, 32.00) vs. 27.69 (15.00, 38.00)] between HFNC group and traditional oxygen therapy group (all P > 0.05). The total MV duration in the HFNC group (days: 4.48±2.43 vs. 5.67±3.84) and ICU stay [days: 6.57 (4.00, 7.00) vs. 7.74 (5.00, 9.00)] were significantly shorter than those in the traditional oxygen therapy group, the reintubation duration of the HFNC group was significantly longer than that of the traditional oxygen therapy group (hours: 35.75±10.15 vs. 19.92±13.12), and the weaning failure rate was significantly lower than that of the traditional oxygen therapy group [4.9% (4/82) vs. 16.0% (13/81), all P < 0.05]. Among the reasons for weaning failure traditional oxygen therapy group had lower ability of airway secretion clearance than that of the HFNC group [8.64% (7/81) vs. 0% (0/82), P < 0.05], there was no statistically differences in the morbidity of heart failure, respiratory muscle weakness, hypoxemia, and change of consciousness between the two groups. Conclusion:For MV patients in the ICU, the sequential application of HFNC after extubation can reduce the rate of weaning failure and the incidence of adverse events, shorten the length of ICU stay.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908415

ABSTRACT

The incidence of adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (AEG) is on the rise. Due to its special lesion location and biological behavior, AEG is considered as a relatively independent disease by more and more scholars, which is different from esophageal cancer or gastric cancer. AEG is anatomically located at the junction of esophagus and stomach. The lymph node metastasis of AEG can be directed to the mediastinal and abdominal. At present, the rule of lymph node metastasis of AEG is not completely clear, and the scope of lymph node dissection has not reached a consensus. The authors summarize the hot issues and clinical evidence of lymph node dissection for AEG, in order to provide references for more reasonable lymph node dissection of AEG.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906125

ABSTRACT

Objective:With the aid of the Inheritance Support System of Traditional Chinese Medicine V2.5 (TCMISS V2.5),to study the experience and prescription rules of professor WANG Jie in the treatment of frequent ventricular premature complexes,and inherit his clinical experience in diagnosis and treatment. Method:Professor WANG Jie's medical records and prescriptions for frequent ventricular premature complexes from 2016 to 2020 were collected and sorted out. Improved mutual information method,association rules,complex system entropy clustering,and unsupervised entropy hierarchical clustering were used to analyze the nature and flavor,channel tropism,concerted application rules,pair and combination of herbs for statistics, association rules analysis and discovery of new prescriptions. Result:A total of 122 prescriptions of professor WANG Jie on the treatment of frequent ventricular premature complexes were collected. 110 herbs,mostly with pungent and sweet flavors,were mainly on spleen channel and also on heart,kidney,liver,lung,and stomach channels. Cinnamomi Ramulus,Paeoniae Alba Radix<italic>,</italic>Os Draconis<italic>,</italic>Ostreae Concha<italic>, </italic>Glycyrrhizae Radix<italic>,</italic>and Jujubae Fructus<italic> </italic>had the highest frequency in use. The high-frequency herbal pair was Cinnamomi Ramulus-Paeoniae Alba Radix(116 times, accounting for 95.08%),the commonly used corner drugs were Cinnamomi Ramulus<italic>-</italic>Os Draconis<italic>-</italic>Ostreae Concha<italic> </italic>(108 times,88.52%),Cinnamomi Ramulus<italic>-</italic>Paeoniae Alba Radix<italic>-</italic>Ostreae Concha (106 times, 86.89%),Cinnamomi Ramulus<italic>-</italic>Paeoniae Alba Radix<italic>-</italic>Os Draconis (106 times,86.89%). Commonly used herbal pair was<italic> </italic>Aucklandiae Radix-Amomi Villosi Fructus. The core prescription herbs included Cinnamomi Ramulus<italic>-</italic>Paeoniae Alba Radix<italic>-</italic>Os Draconis<italic>-</italic>Ostreae Concha<italic>-</italic>Glycyrrhizae Radix<italic>-</italic>Jujubae Fructus<italic>-</italic>Zingiberis Recens Rhizoma<italic>-</italic>Achyranthis Bidentatae Radix<italic>-</italic>Codonopsis Radix<italic>-</italic>Astragali Seu Hedysari Radix<italic>-</italic>Cistanches Herba-Poria<italic>-</italic>Ziziphi Spinosae Semen. Conclusion:Professor WANG Jie's prescription for the treatment of frequent ventricular premature complexes is Guizhi Jia Longgu Mulitang,and the main herbs are Cinnamomi Ramulus,Paeoniae Alba Radix,Os Draconis,Ostreae Concha,Glycyrrhizae Radix,and Jujubae Fructus. The final prescription could be adjusted according to the diseases and symptoms of patients.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922734

ABSTRACT

COVID-19, caused by SARS-COV-2, has the characteristics of world epidemic, highly infectious and large base of death. In China, transmission route of SARS-COV-2 has been contained so effectively that COVID-19 has been well controlled due to the proactive national prevention and control strategy. However, not only does it bring a huge impact on the existing medical structure model, but also an objective impact on the treatment of patients with chronic diseases such as malignant tumors. Based on the progress reported in the domestic and international literatures and the actual management experience of our team, this paper reflects on the treatment strategies for patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) during the epidemic period of COVID-19. We focus on risk stratification for primary GIST and forming treatment strategies accordingly. Major considerations include the impact of delayed operation, the burden of medical resources, the waiting time for elective operation, and the principle of emergency operation. In addition, we focus on the level of evidence for non-surgical approaches with a view to developing a holistic strategy of "priority management principles" to guide clinical treatment in the context of limited resources and different GIST priorities.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , China , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors , Humans , SARS-CoV-2
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922383

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the effect of the course of treatment with broad-spectrum antibiotics on intestinal flora and short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) in feces of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants.@*METHODS@#A total of 29 VLBW infants who were admitted to the Neonatal Diagnosis and Treatment Center of Children's Hospital Affiliated to Chongqing Medical University from June to December 2020 were enrolled as subjects for this prospective study. According to the course of treatment with broad-spectrum antibiotics, they were divided into two groups: ≤7 days (@*RESULTS@#There was a significant reduction in Chao index of the intestinal flora in the ≤7 days group and the >7 days group from week 2 to week 4 (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The course of treatment with broad-spectrum antibiotics can affect the abundance, colonization, and evolution of intestinal flora and the content of their metabolites SCFAs in VLBW infants. The indication and treatment course for broad-spectrum antibiotics should be strictly controlled in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Child , Fatty Acids, Volatile , Feces , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Prospective Studies
12.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 602-610, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922364

ABSTRACT

Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) is a promising therapy that has been increasingly explored in basic research and clinical applications. LIPUS is an appealing therapeutic option as it is a noninvasive treatment that has many advantages, including no risk of infection or tissue damage and no known adverse reactions. LIPUS has been shown to have many benefits including promotion of tissue healing, angiogenesis, and tissue regeneration; inhibition of inflammation and pain relief; and stimulation of cell proliferation and differentiation. The biophysical mechanisms of LIPUS remain unclear and the studies are ongoing. In recent years, more and more research has focused on the relationship between LIPUS and stem/progenitor cells. A comprehensive search of the PubMed and Embase databases to July 2020 was performed. LIPUS has many effects on stem cells. Studies show that LIPUS can stimulate stem cells in vitro; promote stem cell proliferation, differentiation, and migration; maintain stem cell activity; alleviate the problems of insufficient seed cell source, differentiation, and maturation; and circumvent the low efficiency of stem cell transplantation. The mechanisms involved in the effects of LIPUS are not fully understood, but the effects demonstrated in studies thus far have been favorable. Much additional research is needed before LIPUS can progress from basic science research to large-scale clinical dissemination and application.


Subject(s)
Cell Proliferation , Humans , Signal Transduction , Stem Cells/radiation effects , Ultrasonic Therapy/methods , Ultrasonic Waves
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921868

ABSTRACT

The recent spring up of the antineoplastic agents and the prolonged survival bring both challenge and chance to radiological practice. Radiological methods including CT, MRI and PET play an increasingly important role in evaluating the efficacy of these antineoplastic drugs. However, different antineoplastic agents potentially induce different radiological signs, making it a challenge for radiological response evaluation, which depends mainly on one-sided morphological response evaluation criteria in solid tumors (RECIST) in the status quo of clinical practice. This brings opportunities for the development of radiomics, which is promising to serve as a surrogate for response evaluations of anti-tumor treatments. In this article, we introduce the basic concepts of radiomics, review the state-of-art radiomics researches with highlights of radiomics application in predictions of molecular biomarkers, treatment response, and prognosis. We also provide in-depth analyses on major obstacles and future direction of this new technique in clinical investigations on new antineoplastic agents.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Prognosis
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921703

ABSTRACT

The present study determined five saponins in Xuesaitong Dropping Pills(XDP) by micellar electrokinetic chromatography(MEKC), and evaluated between-batch consistency by MEKC fingerprints and similarity analysis. A background buffer was composed of 20 mmol·L~(-1) sodium tetraborate-20 mmol·L~(-1) boric acid solution(pH 8.5), 55 mmol·L~(-1) sodium dodecyl sulfate(SDS), 23 mmol·L~(-1) β-cyclodextrin, and 13% isopropyl alcohol. All separations were performed at 25 ℃,20 kV and the detection wavelength was set at 203 nm. The separation channel was a fused silica capillary with a dimension of 75 μm I.D. and a total length of 50.2 cm(effective length of 40.0 cm). The contents of notoginsenoside R_1, and ginsenosides Rg_1, Re, Rb_1, Rd were determined with their quality control ranges set. The fingerprints of XDP were established and the between-batch consistency was evaluated by similarity analysis. The contents of five saponins from the 19 batches of XDP were stable in the fixed ranges. Statistical analysis was carried out on the results of multiple batches of samples, and the specific quality control ranges were recommended as follows: notoginsenoside R_1 21.92-34.16 mg·g~(-1), ginsenosides Rg_1 83.54-131.78 mg·g~(-1), ginsenosides Re 13.58-19.82 mg·g~(-1), ginsenosides Rb_1 89.40-129.90 mg·g~(-1), and ginsenosides Rd 22.34-35.67 mg·g~(-1). Eleven characteristic peaks were identified in the fingerprints. Five peaks, notoginsenoside R_1 and ginsenosides Rg_1, Re, Rb_1, Rd, were identified with reference standards. The similarities of the 19 batches of samples were all above 0.988, indicating good between-batch consistency. This method is green and simple, and can be used for the quantitative determination and quality evaluation of XDP. It can also provide references for the quality control of other Chinese medicinal dripping pills.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, Micellar Electrokinetic Capillary , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Micelles , Quality Control , Saponins
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904724

ABSTRACT

@# Objective    To systematically evaluate the expression of programmed cell death receptor 1 (PD-1) and programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and its relationship with prognosis. Methods    The literature from PubMed, EMbase, The Cochrane Library, Web of Science, CNKI and Wanfang data from inception to February 22, 2020 was searched by computer. Data were extracted and the quality of literature was evaluated using RevMan 5.3 software for meta-analysis. Egger's and Begg's tests were used to evaluate publication bias, and Stata 15.1 software was used for sensitivity analysis. Results     A total of 16 articles were included, and there were 3 378 patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. The methodological index for nonrandomized studies (MINORS) scores were all 12 points and above. The meta-analysis results showed that the positive expression rates of PD-1 and PD-L1 in tumor cells were 37.8% (190/504) and 41.7% (1 407/3 378), respectively. The positive expression of PD-L1 in tumor immune infiltrating cells was 41.7% (412/987). The overall survival (OS) of the tumor cell with high PD-L1 expression was lower than that with low PD-LI expression (HR=1.30, 95%CI 1.01-1.69, P=0.04). The OS of the tumor immune infiltrating cell with high PD-L1 expression was significantly higher than that with low PD-LI expression (HR=0.65, 95%CI 0.53-0.80, P<0.000 1). Conclusion    PD-L1 has a high expression rate in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and is an important factor for the prognosis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878917

ABSTRACT

With the dropping process of Xuesaitong Dropping Pills(XDP) as the study object, critical factors affecting the quality indicators of pill pass rate, average weight of drop pills and roundness were screened out, so as to deepen the understanding of the dropping process. The critical process units, critical quality attributes and potential critical process influencing factors of XDP were determined by risk analysis and prior knowledge, and then the critical influencing factors were screened out by Plackett-Burman design. First, according to the risk assessment, the critical technique of XDP preparation process was dropping, and then the critical quality attributes of dropping process were pill pass rate, average weight of drop pills and roundness. Then, according to fishbone diagram and failure mode and effects analysis(FMEA), potential critical influencing factors were determined as flow rate, matrix ratio, solid-liquid ratio, feed-liquid temperature, top temperature of condensate, bottom temperature of condensate and dropping distance. Finally, among these seven potential factors, the critical influencing factors were determined as material liquid ratio, dropping distance, top temperature of condensate, bottom temperature of condensate. This study revealed the potential of Plackett-Burman design in screening and understanding the influence of selected factors on XDP dropping process, which could provide a reference for studying the dropping process.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Saponins , Temperature
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878909

ABSTRACT

Oscillating chemical fingerprint is a nonlinear dynamic fingerprint technology that reflects the overall redox activity of the entire system based on potential-time changes in multi-stage chemical reactions. This article summarizes the application of oscillating chemical fingerprint technology combined with mathematical analysis method in the qualitative and quantitative analysis of traditional Chinese medicine and food in recent years, including similarity analysis, principal component analysis, cluster analysis and other qua-litative analysis methods, as well as linear, logarithmic, exponential, polynomial, multivariate analysis and other quantitative analysis methods, so as to provide meaningful information for further quality control analysis of the oscillation chemical fingerprint technology in the field of traditional Chinese medicine and food.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Food , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Principal Component Analysis , Quality Control
18.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 396-399, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888439

ABSTRACT

Optimal vision and ergonomics are essential factors contributing to the achievement of good results during microsurgery. The three-dimensional (3D) digital image microscope system with a better 3D depth of field can release strain on the surgeon's neck and back, which can improve outcomes in microsurgery. We report a randomized prospective study of vasoepididymostomy and vasovasostomy using a 3D digital image microscope system (3D-DIM) in rats. A total of 16 adult male rats were randomly divided into two groups of 8 each: the standard operating microscope (SOM) group and the 3D-DIM group. The outcomes measured included the operative time, real-time postoperative mechanical patency, and anastomosis leakage. Furthermore, a user-friendly microscope score was designed to evaluate the ergonomic design and equipment characteristics of the microscope. There were no differences in operative time between the two groups. The real-time postoperative mechanical patency rates were 100.0% for both groups. The percentage of vasoepididymostomy anastomosis leakage was 16.7% in the SOM group and 25.0% in the 3D-DIM group; however, no vasovasostomy anastomosis leakage was found in either group. In terms of the ergonomic design, the 3D-DIM group obtained better scores based on the surgeon's feelings; in terms of the equipment characteristics, the 3D-DIM group had lower scores for clarity and higher scores for flexibility and adaptivity. Based on our randomized prospective study in a rat model, we believe that the 3D-DIM can improve surgeon comfort without compromising outcomes in male infertility reconstructive microsurgery, so the 3D-DIM might be widely used in the future.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888024

ABSTRACT

To observe the effect of Xinfeng Capsules on rheumatoid arthritis (RA) B lymphocytes,inflammatory mediators,FAK/CAPN/PI3K pathway,in order to explore the mechanism of Xinfeng Capsules in improving clinical symptoms of RA.Joint and systemic symptoms of RA patients were observed,and laboratory indicators[hemoglobin (HGB),platelet count (PLT),erythrocyte sedimentation (ESR),immunoglobulin (Ig) G,Ig A,Ig M,rheumatoid factor (RF),anti-cyclic citrulline antibody (CCP-AB),C-reactive protein (CRP)]were detected.ELISA was used to detect serum interleukin (IL)-1β,IL-10,IL-33,chemokine 5 (CCL5),and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF).CD3~-CD19~+B cells were measured by flow cytometry.Western blot was used to detect FAK,p-FAK,CAPN,PI3K protein.The results showed that Xinfeng Capsules could significantly alleviate RA joint and systemic symptoms and improve clinical efficacy.And Xinfeng Capsules could increase HGB,decrease PLT,CCP-AB,CRP,ESR index,upregulate IL-10 expression,and down-regulate IL-1β,IL-33,CCL5,VEGF,CD3~-CD19~+B cells,FAK,p-FAK,CAPN,PI3K expressions (P<0.01).Based on the above results,Xinfeng Capsules may reduce the expression of CD3~-CD19~+,regulate the balance of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines,inhibit abnormal activation of FAK/CAPN/PI3K pathway,and improve clinical symptoms of RA.


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , B-Lymphocytes , Capsules , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887946

ABSTRACT

Through the investigation of a large number of both domestic and overseas literatures and related quality standards, chemical compositions, quality evaluation system and quality control methods of Succus Bambusae were systematic summarized in this study. There were abundant chemical constituents in Succus Bambusae, mainly including volatile ingredients, amino acids, flavonoids, trace elements and vitamins, with high medicinal and edible value. The quality control methods involved traditional morphological identification, spectroscopy, chromatography and other techniques. However, the current quality standards of Succus Bambusae are relatively low, lacking safety indicators, and cannot effectively ensure its quality, seriously affecting the safety and effectiveness of its clinical use. Therefore, it is particularly important to establish a set of highly sensitive and specific quality evaluation system for Succus Bambusae. In this paper, the current research status of the chemical compositions and quality standards of Succus Bambusae were reviewed, with the purpose of providing a basis for further improvement of its quality evaluation system.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Flavonoids , Quality Control
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