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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909498

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mediating role of boredom tendency in anxiety, depression and meaning in life in college students.Methods:Totally 590 college students in Shijiazhuang were selected to carry out a questionnaire survey, including general questionnaire, boredom proneness questionnaire (BPQ), meaning in life questionnaire (MLQ), patient health questionnaire (PHQ-9) and general anxiety disorder-7(GAD-7). Spearman correlation analysis and hierarchical regression analysis were conducted to analyze the data by using SPSS 20.0, and Amos 24.0 was used to analyze the mediating effect of boredom tendency on anxiety, depression and sense of life meaning in college students.Results:Correlation analysis found that the total score of boredom tendency was negatively correlated with meaning in life ( r=-0.260, P<0.05) and education ( r=-0.110, P<0.05). The total score of boredom tendency was positively correlated with depression ( r=0.649, P<0.05) and anxiety ( r=0.555, P<0.05). The mediating effect model fit well(χ 2/ df=0.582, GFI=1.000, AGFI=0.994, RMSEA=0.000). Boredom tendency played a partial mediating role between anxiety meaning in life(standard effect size=-0.054), a complete mediating role between depression and meaning in life(standard effect size=-0.175), and a complete mediating role between educational background and meaning in life(standard effect size=0.025). Conclusion:Boredom tendency plays a mediating role in the model between related factors and meaning in life, and attentions should be paid to the psychological development of college students.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907851

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of tidal lung function in distinguishing central and small intrathoracic airway obstructive lesions.Methods:A total of 124 infants with intrathoracic obstructive diseases, including bronchiolitis obliterans (BO), bronchiolitis, airway foreign body, and airway stenosis, were confirmed in Children′s Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from April 2014 to June 2019 and selected as subjects, and 111 normal infants were enrolled as healthy control group.According to the location of lesions, these subjects suffering from intrathoracic obstructive diseases were divided into small airway lesion group(BO, bronchiolitis) and central airway lesion group(airway foreign body, airway stenosis). Lung function was assessed by plethysmography.Results:As for the ratio of time to reach peak tidal expiratory flow to total expiratory time (TPTEF/TE) and the ratio of volume to reach peak tidal expiratory flow to total expiratory volume (VPTEF/VE), all disease groups were lower than that in healthy control group TEF/TE: BO 13.2(10.3, 16.3)%, bronchiolitis 15.9 (13.2, 19.7)%, airway foreign body 24.5 (16.7, 30.7)%, airway stenosis 20.7 (16.1, 29.3)%, healthy control group 30.2(25.6, 36.5)%; VPTEF/VE: BO 18.2(17.8, 22.3)%, bronchiolitis 20.3(17.0, 21.6)%, airway foreign body 26.0(20.5, 30.7)%, airway stenosis 22.9(20.2, 29.1)%, healthy control group 31.5(28.1, 37.0)%]( P<0.05) and the lesion in the small airway lesion group was significantly lower than that in central airway lesion group.Compared with the healthy control group, the functional residual capacity (FRC)was higher in each disease group[BO (501.6±166.5) mL, bronchiolitis (334.6±149.6) mL, airway foreign body (392.2±130.1) mL, airway stenosis (350.1±127.9) mL, healthy control group (191.6±73.8) mL]( P<0.05). The ratio of peak expiratory flow to tidal expiratory flow at 25% remaining expiration(PF/TEF 25) was obviously higher in small airway lesion group than that in central airway lesion and healthy control group [BO 232.7(183.2, 261.2)%, bronchiolitis 186.4 (153.3, 247.7)%, airway foreign body 143.1(126.8, 168.9)%, airway stenosis 140.3(122.9, 186.0)%, healthy control group 132.3 (123.1, 147.8)%] ( P<0.05), while no significant differences were found between central airway lesion group and healthy control group ( P>0.05). There were no significant differences in effective airway resistance among all groups ( P>0.05). The tidal breathing flow volume (TBFV) curve shape of small airway lesion group showed the depression of expiratory phase to the transverse axis, while the slope of descending branch of expiratory phase had no significant increase in central airway lesion group. Conclusions:Combined with the increase in PF/TEF 25, the decrease in TPTEF/TE and VPTEF/VE is the characteristic of small airway obstruction.PF/TEF 25 is a sensitive index reflecting small airway obstruction.Combined with the value of lung function parameters, the shape of TBFV is helpful to distinguish central and small airway obstructive lesions.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906585

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To summarize the perioperative and long-term outcomes of ground-glass opacity (GGO) dominant early stage lung cancer patients treated by anatomic segmentectomy. Methods     We collected clinical data of 756 patients from Western China Lung Cancer Database, who underwent intentional anatomic segmentectomy [tumor size (T) ≤ 2 cm, GGO ≥ 50%] in the Department of Thoracic Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University from 2009 to 2018. There were 233 males and 523 females at a median age of 53 (25-83) years including 290 (38.4%) patients of simple segmentectomy and 466 (61.6%) patients of complex segmentectomy. All patients were diagnosed as adenocarcinoma, including 338 (44.7%) patients of minimally invasive adenocarcinoma and 418 (55.3%) patients of invasive adenocarcinoma. Results     The median operative time was 115 (38-300) min, the median blood loss was 20 (5-800) mL, 58 (7.7%) patients had postoperative complications and the postoperative stay was 4 (2-24) days. The median follow-up period was 43.0 (30.1-167.9) months. Five-year overall survival rate was 99.5% [95%CI (98.8%, 100.0%)], 5-year recurrence-free survival rate was 98.8% [95%CI (97.5%, 100.0%)], and 5-year lung cancer-specific survival rate was 100.0%. Conclusion    Anatomic segmentectomy has favorable perioperative outcomes and excellent prognosis in GGO dominant early stage lung cancer patients.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921669

ABSTRACT

In this study, the rhizobacteria and actinomycetes of Polygonum multiflorum were screened for the strains with indole acetic acid(IAA)-producing capacity by Salkowski method, the siderophore-producing strains by Chrome Azurol S(CAS) assay, and the strains with inorganic phosphorus-solubilizing capacity by PKO inorganic phosphorus medium. The strains were identified by morphological identification, physiological and biochemical characteristics, and 16 S rDNA sequences. Furthermore, the effect of growth-promoting strains on the seed germination and development of P. multiflorum was tested. The results showed that among 196 strains, two strains F17 and F42 were found to be capable of producing IAA and siderophore and solubilizing inorganic phosphorus simulta-neously. For F17 and F42, the results are listed below: 38.65 and 33.64 mg·L~(-1) for IAA production, 0.85 and 0.49 for siderophore-producing capacities(A_s/A_r), and 1.35 and 1.70 for inorganic phosphorus-solubilizing capacities(D/d), respectively. Comprehensive analysis revealed that strains F17 and F42 were identified as Pseudochrobactrum asacharolyticum and Bacillus aryabhattai, respectively, and both could significantly promote the seed germination of P. multiflorum.


Subject(s)
Bacillus , Fallopia multiflora , Germination , Seeds , Soil Microbiology
5.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 801-804, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912971

ABSTRACT

The incidence of early-onset colorectal cancer is increasing year by year, and it occupies an important position in colorectal cancer. Most of the characteristics of patients with early-onset colorectal cancer are different from those with late-onset colorectal cancer, the patients are diagnosed in a late stage, and their pathological manifestations show a type of poor prognosis. At present, there is a lack of consensus and guideline for the diagnosis, treatment and screening of early-onset colorectal cancer. A full understanding of the characteristics of early-onset colorectal cancer helps to understand its pathogenesis and guide screening and treatment to reduce the incidence and mortality of colorectal cancer. This article reviews the clinicopathological characteristics, molecular pathological mechanisms, diagnosis and treatment, and prognosis of early-onset colorectal cancer, in order to provide references for elucidating its etiology and formulating scientific and standardized screening strategies.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911364

ABSTRACT

The Mediterranean diet refers to the dietary pattern derived from eating habits of the southern European countries along the Mediterranean coast. It is a healthy diet pattern with essential nutrients. It was reported that the incidence of osteoporosis in the Mediterranean countries is lower, so it is of particular interest to explore the effect and potential mechanism of the diet on bone health. Applying research results of the Mediterranean diet to the prevention of osteoporosis in other countries is a feasible way to reduce the incidence of osteoporosis in the future.

7.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 730-734, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911105

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the advantages of the modified right renal artery dissection in the laparoscopic resection of right renal carcinoma combined with venous tumor thrombus.Methods:From January 2016 to June 2016, a retrospective analysis of the three-dimensional CT images of renal blood vessels in 70 patients with full abdominal CT plain scan plus enhanced scan from Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University was performed. On the sagittal plane of the right margin of the aorta, the right renal artery was detected to locate above the left renal vein in 14 cases (20.0%), posterior in 33 cases(47.1%), and below in 23 cases(32.9%). In addition, on the sagittal plane of the left margin of the inferior vena cava, the right renal artery was detected to locate above the left renal vein in 1 case (1.4%), posterior in 26 cases(37.1%), and below in 43 cases (61.4%). Based on this finding, 11 patients with right kidney cancer combined with venous tumor thrombus, admitted to Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University from June 2016 to December 2019, were retrospectively analyzed. The average age of the patients was(58.7±6.8)(45-68) years old. The CT three-dimensional reconstruction of the renal blood vessels was shown on the sagittal plane of the right margin of the aorta before the operation, and the right renal artery was detected to locate above the left renal vein in 0 cases, posterior in 7 cases, and lower in 4 cases. On the sagittal plane of the left margin of the inferior vena cava, the right renal artery was detected to locate above the left renal vein in 0 case, behind in 3 cases, and below in 8 cases. Renal tumors are located in the upper middle in 5 cases and in the lower middle in 6 cases. The maximum diameter of the tumor to be resected was 8.5-12.0 cm, with an average of (10.0±1.4) cm. Among them, 4 cases had Mayo grade 0 tumor thrombus, 4 cases were grade Ⅰ tumor thrombus, and 3 cases were grade Ⅱ tumor thrombus. All 11 cases underwent transperitoneal laparoscopic surgery. During the operation, it was found that the relationship between the right renal artery and the left renal vein was consistent with the preoperative three-dimensional reconstruction of renal blood vessels. The modified right renal artery dissection method was used, that is, the right renal artery was detected and ligated between the inferior vena cava and the aorta, using the left renal vein as a mark, and then the right kidneys and vein tumor thrombi were removed.Results:All of the 11 operations in this group were completed successfully. The operation time was (110.5±29.8)(70-150) min, the average time of right renal artery dissection was(28.5±5.8)(16- 33) min, and the amount of intraoperative bleeding was(112.7±83.5)(20-300) ml. No serious complications occurred during the operation in 11 cases. Postoperative pathological examination showed 10 cases of clear cell carcinoma and 1 case of papillary cell carcinoma. The postoperative hospital stay was 4.2 (4.18±0.75) days. There were no complications such as secondary bleeding, infection, lower extremity venous thrombosis or pulmonary embolism. All 11 patients were followed up for 3 to 42 months, with an average of(19.5±12.1) months. One patient died 23 months after the operation, and no tumor recurrence or metastasis occurred in the remaining patients.Conclusions:When the right renal artery runs to the left edge of the inferior vena cava, it is mostly behind the left renal vein. In the laparoscopic resection of right renal cancer with venous tumor thrombus, the modified right renal artery dissection method can quickly find and dissociate the right renal artery. The operation time is short, the intraoperative bleeding is less, and no postoperative complications occur.

8.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 868-871, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910931

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the 30-day mortality risk in elderly patients with sepsis-induced myocardial dysfunction(SIMD), and to analyze its related risk factors.Methods:This was a multicenter retrospective case-control study.A total of 254 elderly patients with sepsis or septic shock admitted to the Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University(117 cases), the First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University(89 cases)and Shanxi Provincial People's University(48 cases)from January 2015 to December 2019 were enrolled.According to whether or not combined with SIMD, patients were divided into the SIMD group(n=68)and the control group(n=186). All patients were followed for 30 day to evaluate the rate of mortality and the related factors.Results:Among 254 elderly patients, the incidence of SIMD was 26.8%.There were significant differences between the SIMD group and the control group in age, heart rate, E/A value, left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF), procalcitonin, lactate, C-reactive protein, troponin, N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide(NT-proBNP)and sequential organ failure assessment(SOFA)score(all P<0.05). The significant differences were found between the SIMD group and the control group in the all-cause mortality risk, the duration of invasive mechanical ventilation, ICU hospitalization time and total hospitalization days(35.3% or 24 cases vs.22.6% or 42 cases, 7.0 d vs.4.8 d, 9.5 d vs.7.5 d and 18.8 d vs.15.1 d, P<0.05). Age ≥65 years( RR=1.867), diabetes( RR=2.661), procalcitonin ≥13.2 μg/L( RR=3.307), and lactate ≥3.65 mmol/L( RR=2.964)were risk factors for SIMD, and serum troponin ≥0.08 μg/L( HR=2.019), NT-proBNP ≥537.4 ng/L( HR=4.411), lactate ≥3.65 mmol/L( HR=3.934)and LVEF <50.0%( HR=3.761)were risk factors for the mortality(all P<0.05). Conclusions:Elderly patients with the sepsis-induced SIMD have severe infections, mainly involving the left ventricle, and have an increased risk of mortality and a longer duration of hospital stays.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885610

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe factors influencing the risk of urinary tract infection (UTI) after cerebral hemorrhage (ICH).Methods:A total of 77 ICH patients undergoing rehabilitation between August 2015 and August 2017 were studied. Among them, 24 were diagnosed with a UTI according to clinical manifestations and urine routine tests and urine culture. They formed the UTI group. The other 53 were the non-UTI group. Complete clinical evaluations were available for all 77, and those data were used to identify risk factors for UTI using univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis.Results:The univariate analysis showed that age, side of paralysis, consciousness dysfunction, Brunnstrom staging of the lower extremity, tracheotomy, indwelling catheter, lung infection, white blood cell count, neutrophil percentage, serum natrium, uric acid, D-dimer level and fibrinogen were all significant predictors of UTI. The multivariate analysis identified age, right side hemiplegia and D-dimer level as useful predictors.Conclusions:Advanced age and a high D-dimer level are independent risk factors for UTI after ICH, while hemiplegia on the right side is a protective factor.

10.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 180-184, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884985

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize our preliminary experience of the individual transurethral en bloc resection of bladder tumor (ERBT) based on vesical imaging-reporting and data system (VI-RADS).Methods:The clinical data of 32 bladder cancer patients admitted from January 2019 to October 2019 were retrospectively analyzed, including 26 males and 6 females. Among them, there were 27, 5, 26 and 6 patients who had primary, recurrent, single or mutiple blader tumors, respectively. And the median number of bladder tumor was 1(1-3) and the mean diameter was 2(0.6-4.5)cm.The patients were aged 37 to 82 years, with a median age of 63 years. All patients underwent multi-parameter magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) before surgery and acquired a VI-RADS score. Among the 32 patients, there were 8, 17, 2, 5, and 0 patients in the VI-RADS score category 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5, respectively. Based on the VI-RADS score and tumor size, morphology and number provided by the mpMRI, the urologists classified the tumor types into type 1, 2a, 2b, 2c, 3a, 3b, 3c, 4a, 4b or 5, and designed the surgical protocol for each type including the resection plan, boundary and depth. There were 8, 6, 7, 4, 0, 1, 1, 3, 2 and 0 patients in each type, respectively. The tumor types were further confirmed during the operation, and the operation was completed according to the surgical plans for different tumor types.Patients received intravesical therapy of gemcitabine within 24 hours after surgery.Results:All operations were successfully completed and none was converted to the traditional transurethral resection of the bladder tumor. The operation time was 5 to 35 minutes with a median time of 15 minutes. Tumor specimens from all patients contained the muscularis propria. Among the patients with scores 1, 2, 3 and 4, there were 8, 16, 1 and 0 patients diagnosed with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC), respectively. All the patients with NMIBC had negative basal resection margins and 6 out 7 muscle invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) patients had negative resection margins. There were no intraoperative complications such as bladder perforation and obturator reflex. Four patients experienced obvious postoperative bladder irritation and relieved after symptomatic treatment or removing catheter. Twelve patients received second resections, including 10 NMIBC patients and 2 MIBC patients. No residual tumor was found in the re-resected specimens. There were 9 and 12 NMIBC patients received regular intravesical therapy of gemcitabine or BCG, respectively. Among the 7 MIBC patients, 5 received radical cystectomy and two received bladder-preserving treatment including second resection, adjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy. The follow-up period was 3-12 months, with a median of 6 months. One NMIBC patient relapsed at 9th months after surgery and underwent ERBT.Conclusions:The personalized ERBT based on VI-RADS is safe and feasible, and can achieve negative margins in all NMIBC and some MIBC without severe complications.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884306

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effects of different duty cycles [modulated by pulse repetition frequency(PRF)] of diagnostic ultrasound on enhancing blood perfusion in hypovascular tumors.Methods:Walker-256 tumor cells were injected subcutaneously into the inner thigh of 15 SD rats, and the rats were randomly divided into 3 groups according to PRF: group A(PRF=50 Hz), group B(PRF=1.0 kHz) and group C(PRF=2.0 kHz), with 5 rats in each group. The tumor-bearing rats in each group were treated with ultrasound combined with microbubbles for 10 minutes. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound was performed before treatment, immediately after treatment, and 4 hours after treatment, respectively, to compare the peak intensity(PI), area under curve(AUC), and tumor perfusion area in each group.Results:Immediately after treatment, PI and AUC values of group A and B increased compared with those before treatment (all P<0.05); 4 hours after treatment, PI and AUC values of group B continued to increase, superior to that immediately after treatment (all P<0.05), while PI and AUC values of group A and C were decreased compared with those immediately after treatment (all P>0.05). Immediately after treatment, the tumor blood perfusion area in group A and B increased significantly compared with that before treatment (all P<0.05); 4 hours after treatment, the tumor blood flow perfusion area of group B continued to increase, which was better than that immediately after treatment ( P<0.05), and the tumor blood perfusion areas of group A and C decreased compared with that immediately after treatment (all P>0.05). Conclusions:Low-intensity diagnostic ultrasound stimulated microbubble cavitation with PRF=1.0 kHz can enhance tumor blood flow significantly which can last for more than 4 hours.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880376

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has had a massive impact on public health, resulting in sudden dietary and behavioral habit changes. Frontline epidemic prevention workers play a pivotal role against COVID-19. They must face high-risk infection conditions, insufficient anti-epidemic material supplies, mental pressure, and so on. COVID-19 seriously affects their dietary and behavioral habits, and poor habits make them more susceptible to COVID-19. However, their baseline dietary and behavioral habits before COVID-19 and their willingness to change these habits after the outbreak of COVID-19 remain unclear for these workers in China. This study aimed to explore the baseline dietary and behavioral habits of frontline workers and their willingness to change these habits after the outbreak of the epidemic; in addition, susceptible subgroups were identified by stratified analyses as targets of protective measures to keep them from being infected with COVID-19.@*METHODS@#A cross-sectional study was conducted through an online questionnaire using a sample of 22,459 valid individuals living in China, including 9402 frontline epidemic prevention workers.@*RESULTS@#Before COVID-19, 23.9% of the frontline epidemic prevention workers reported a high-salt diet, 46.9% of them reported a high frequency of fried foods intake, and 50.9% of them smoked cigarettes. After the outbreak of COVID-19, 34.6% of them expressed a willingness to reduce salt intake, and 43.7% of them wanted to reduce the frequency of pickled vegetables intake. A total of 37.9% of them expressed a willingness to decrease or quit smoking, and 44.5% of them wanted to increase sleep duration. Significant differences in the baseline dietary and behavioral habits and the willingness to change their habits were observed between frontline epidemic prevention workers and other participants. Among the frontline epidemic prevention workers with poor dietary and behavioral habits before COVID-19, frontline epidemic prevention experience was a promoting factor for adopting worse dietary and behavioral habits, including those in the high-salt intake subgroup (OR, 2.824; 95% CI, 2.341-3.405) and the 11-20 cigarettes/day subgroup (OR, 2.067; 95% CI, 1.359-3.143).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The dietary and behavioral habits of frontline epidemic prevention workers were worse than that those of other participants before COVID-19. They had a greater willingness to adopt healthy dietary and behavioral habits after experiencing the outbreak of COVID-19. However, frontline epidemic prevention workers with poor dietary and behavioral habits before COVID-19 continued in engage in these poor habits. Dietary and behavioral intervention policies should be drafted to protect their health, especially frontline epidemic prevention workers with poor habits at baseline.


Subject(s)
Adult , COVID-19/psychology , China/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diet/standards , Female , Health Behavior , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Health Personnel/psychology , Humans , Male , Risk Reduction Behavior , SARS-CoV-2 , Surveys and Questionnaires
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879173

ABSTRACT

Six month old Cinnamomum cassia seedlings were used to simulate drought stress with polyethylene glycol(PEG 6000). The physiological indicators(osmotic substances, antioxidant enzymes, etc.) and chemical components of seedlings under different drought levels and the correlation between the two were studied. The results showed that the chlorophyll content and relative water content decreased gradually with the increase of PGE 6000(0, 5%, 10%, 15%) concentration and time(3, 5, 7 d), while the soluble protein content, soluble sugar content and catalase(CAT) activity increased, but the rising rate slowed down with the time. The activities of peroxidase(POD), superoxide dismutase(SOD), malondialdehyde(MDA) and proline content increased at first and then decreased. The content of coumarin, cinnamaldehyde, cinnamic acid and dimethoxycinnamaldehyde decreased, while the content of cinnamyl alcohol continued to increase.Under drought stress, the fluorescence signals of reactive oxygen species and no contents in roots of C. cassia seedlings were significantly stronger than those of the control.Further correlation analysis showed that coumarin content, di-methoxycinnamaldehyde content and osmoregulation substance content were significantly negatively correlated(P<0.05), cinnamic acid content was significantly negatively correlated with POD and SOD activities(P<0.01).It was found that C. cassia seedlings showed a certain degree of drought tolerance under short-term or mild drought stress, but if the drought exceeded a certain degree, the physiological metabolism of the seedlings would be unbalanced.


Subject(s)
Catalase , Cinnamomum aromaticum , Droughts , Malondialdehyde , Seedlings , Stress, Physiological , Superoxide Dismutase
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878704

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the research status,hotspots,and frontiers of atherosclerosis genomics from 2010 to 2019.Methods CiteSpace software was used to conduct data statistics and visual analysis on countries,institutions,authors,journals,co-cited papers,and keywords of the related papers published in the Web of Science from 2010 to 2019.Results A total of 1021 papers in English were included,and the annual number of publications generally showed an upward trend.The knowledge base in the research of atherosclerosis mostly focused on the genetic risk sites and biomarkers for coronary artery diseases such as coronary heart disease,myocardial infarction,and dyslipidemia.The related journals mainly involved the fields of molecular biology,biology,genetics,immunology,medicine,pharmacy,and clinical medicine.The latest research in atherosclerosis concentrated on genome-wide association study,DNA methylation,microRNA,messenger RNA and so on.The research frontiers involved long noncoding RNA,DNA methylation,and immune metabolism.Conclusion The studies in atherosclerotic genomics have gradually increased.


Subject(s)
Atherosclerosis/genetics , Bibliometrics , Biomarkers , Genome-Wide Association Study , Genomics , Humans
15.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 122-126, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799713

ABSTRACT

Intrahepatic cholangiocellular carcinoma (ICC) has become the second common malignant tumors of the liver, with its incidence being next only to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Due to the lack of targeted screening methods and specific clinical manifestations, most intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma(ICC)is clearly diagnosed as advanced, which brings great difficulties to the treatment of ICC. At present, radical surgical resection is still the most effective method to ICC. However, for some patients who had a positive-margin (R1) resection or positive lymph node metastasis, multidisciplinary comprehensive treatment including transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE), local ablation, systemic chemotherapy, targeted therapy and immunotherapy, etc. can effectively improve the prognosis of these patients.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799531

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the indication, safety and effectiveness of transoral robotic surgery (TORS) for oropharyngeal cancer based on our preliminary experience.@*Methods@#Twelve patients, including six with tonsil cancer, five with tongue base cancer and one with posterior pharyngeal wall cancer, who underwent TORS with Da Vinci Si surgical system from March 2017 to October 2018 at Tongji Hospital of Huazhong University of Science Technology were respectively analyzed. And the surgical time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative local bleeding, dyspnea, nerve function injury, oral intake time, whether or not to receive chemoradiotherapy were analyzed.@*Results@#All tumors in the 12 patients were en bloc removed by TORS. Surgical time ranged from 25 to 80 min with an average of 34.2 min. The blood loss ranged from 10 ml to 50 ml with an average of 20.8 ml. The recovery time for oral intake ranged from 1 day to 30 days with an average of 8.4 days. No patient underwent tracheostomy after TORS. Also, no patient manifested with airway obstruction, bleeding or nerve injury symptoms after operation. All 12 patients reached pathologically negative surgical margins. The patients were followed up for 4 to 22 months, with a median of 12 months. All patients who combined with more advanced than T3 stage, or more advanced than N2 stage were recommended to oncologist, then, followed with radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy if no relevant contradictions occurred. No local recurrence or distant metastasis case was found.@*Conclusion@#With proper indications, the application of TORS in oropharyngeal cancer is a relatively safe, effective and minimal invasive therapy, which merits more clinical applications.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866016

ABSTRACT

With the advent of the Internet era, the development of new technology brings new opportunities for chronic disease management. Through long-term observation research, a large number of literature review and clinical practice and thinking, we have built the chronic disease management model of tertiary hospital centered on internet + doctors, and applied it to the management of patients with chronic diseases such as hypertension, and achieved good results, so as to provide decision-making reference for the construction of chronic disease management model in China.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864286

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of airway responsiveness measurement by the tidal lung function test combined with the bronchial provocation test (BPT) in the diagnosis of infant cough variant asthma (CVA), and to provide evidence for clinical diagnosis of CVA.Methods:The tidal lung function test and BPT test results of 131 cases of chronic cough (including 70 CVA cases and 61 non-CVA cases) treated in the Asthma Specialist Clinic of Children′s Hospital Affiliated to Chongqing Medical University from January 2018 to September 2018 were retrospectively analyzed.The results between CVA group and non-CVA group were compared.Results:There was no significant difference in the basal tidal lung function detection results between the CVA group and non-CVA group ( P>0.05). The positive rate of BPT in the CVA group was significantly higher than that in the non-CVA group (98.6% vs. 27.9%, χ2=30.757, P<0.01). Among the patients with positive BPT, the proportion of patients with moderate and severe positive reactions in the CVA group was significantly higher than that in the non-CVA group (40.0% vs. 3.3%, 15.7% vs. 0, χ2=24.894, 20.464, all P<0.01). During BPT test process, a significantly greater number of patients showed wheezing and a significant decrease in oxygen saturation(SpO 2) in the CVA group than in the non-CVA group (50.0% vs.0, 91.4% vs.45.9%, χ2=32.169, 36.544, all P<0.01), while the number of patients with severe cough and shortness of breath was similar in both groups (all P>0.05). After the application of bronchodilator or oxygen inhalation, the symptoms of polypnea and wheezing disappeared in all children.The values of the ratio of the time to reach peak tidal expiratory flow to total expiratory time[(TPTEF/TE)%] and the ratio of the volume required to reach peak tidal expiratory flow to total expiratory volume[(VPTEF/VE)%] recovered to more than 80% of the basic values and SpO 2 up to 95%. Conclusions:The tidal lung function test combined with the BPT test is of certain significance for the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of CVA infants.CVA can be better diagnosed based on the degree of BPT and the clinical manifestations during the course of the test.

19.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 122-126, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863285

ABSTRACT

Intrahepatic cholangiocellular carcinoma (ICC) has become the second common malignant tumors of the liver,with its incidence being next only to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Due to the lack of targeted screening methods and specific clinical manifestations,most intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is clearly diagnosed as advanced,which brings great difficulties to the treatment of ICC.At present,radical surgical resection is still the most effective method to ICC.However,for some patients who had a positive-margin (R1) resection or positive lymph node metastasis,multidisciplinary comprehensive treatment including transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE),local ablation,systemic chemotherapy,targeted therapy and immunotherapy,etc.can effectively improve the prognosis of these patients.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-856274

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize the research progress of tibial transverse transport (TTT) in treatment of chronic ischemic diseases of the lower extremities. Methods: The related literature was systematically searched and the mechanisms, clinical treatment methods, clinical efficacy, indications, contraindications, and complications of TTT were discussed. Results: Based on the law of tension-stress, TTT is a new method in the treatment of chronic ischemic diseases of the lower extremities. It can relieve the ischemic symptoms, promote the wound healing, and increase the limb salvage rate. The clinical application in recent years has shown good effectiveness, and the scope of application is expanding. Conclusion: Due to the current limited clinical application, the sample size of the TTT for the chronic ischemic diseases of the lower extremities is relatively small, and the follow-up time is limited. So its validity, long-term effectiveness, and bone transport standards are need further research.

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