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1.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 326-331, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972769

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo compare the differences between residents who did and who did not participate in a community colorectal cancer screening based on the results of their colorectal colonoscopy and explore the reasons. MethodsThe residents who underwent a colonoscopy in a central hospital in Shanghai from 2017 to 2020 were divided into two groups according to whether they had been screened in the community, and t test and χ2 test were used to compare the results of the colonoscopy (detection of lesions) of the examinees with different ages, genders, whether they had a history of colorectal cancer, and whether they had been screened in the community. The correlation between whether they had participated in the community screening and the detection of lesions was analyzed by the logistic regression model. ResultsFrom 2017 to 2020, the hospital had performed a colonoscopy for 6 389 people, and 3 623 lesions were detected, with a detection rate of 56.71%. There were 413 residents who had been screened in the community, accounting for 6.46% of the total number of those receiving a colonoscopy. 243 patients were found with pathological changes, with a detection rate of 58.84%. Compared with the residents who did not participate in the community screening, the proportion of adenoma and polyp was higher in those who had participated in the screening (χ2=50.44, P<0.001). Among the residents without a history of colorectal cancer, the proportion of adenoma and polyp was higher in those who had participated in the community primary screening (χ2=51.86, P<0.001). Among the residents who had not participated in the community screening, the proportion of residents with colorectal cancer history was higher (χ2=74.33, P<0.001). Multivariate regression analysis showed that there was no correlation between participation in community screening and detection of any lesions by colonoscopy (OR=0.905, 95%CI: 0.734‒1.117) or detection of colorectal cancer related lesions (OR=1.113, 95%CI: 0.901‒1.375). ConclusionThe proportion of residents who have participated in community screening among patients undergoing colonoscopy is low, but the asymptomatic population initially screened by the community and the symptomatic population not initially screened by the community are homogeneous, and the detection rate of precancerous lesions such as adenomas and polyps is high. It is suggested that local measures should be taken to improve residents' colonoscopy response rate, so as to obtain better screening benefits.

2.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 128-132, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996200

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the differences in therapeutic effect and prognosis of different molecular subtypes of breast invasive lobular carcinoma treated with nab-paclitaxel, so as to provide a basis for the selection of clinical drugs for breast cancer.Methods:The data of 180 patients with advanced invasive lobular carcinoma of the breast who were treated in Handan Central Hospital and the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University from January 2017 to January 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, including 34 cases of Luminal A type, 92 cases of Luminal B type, 21 cases of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) overexpression type, and 33 cases of triple-negative type. The patients were treated with nab-paclitaxel, and the clinical curative effect was evaluated according to the solid tumor response evaluation criteria version 1.1 after 1 year of treatment, and the objective response rate (ORR) (calculated as complete remission + partial remission) and clinical benefit rate (CBR) (calculated as complete remission + partial remission + stable disease) were calculated; the occurrence of adverse reactions during the treatment was recorded. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw the progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) curves for each subtype of patients, and the log-rank method was used to test them.Results:The differences in ORR and CBR among patients with the four subtypes of Luminal A, Luminal B, HER2 overexpression, and triple-negative were statistically significant (all P < 0.001), with the triple-negative type having the lowest ORR and CBR [21.2% (7/33) and 63.6% (21/33)] and the Luminal A type having the highest ORR and CBR [70.6% (24/34) and 100.0% (34/34)]. The ORR and CBR of Luminal B type were 45.7% (42/92) and 90.2% (83/92), and the HER2 overexpression type was 38.1% (8/21) and 90.5% (19/21). The differences in the incidence of myelosuppression, numbness of limbs, joint and muscle pain among the four subtypes were statistically significant (all P < 0.05), with the triple-negative type having the highest incidence of all of the above adverse reactions. The PFS and OS of triple-negative subtype were worse than those of Luminal A, Luminal B and HER2 overexpression subtypes, and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). Conclusions:The clinical response and prognosis of patients with different molecular subtypes of invasive lobular carcinoma is significantly different after nab-paclitaxel intervention, among which the prognosis of patients with triple-negative type is the worst, and the clinical medication can be guided according to the pathological test results.

3.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1076-1084, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993542

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibility and therapeutic effect of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with cruciate-retaining (CR) prosthesis by using FEM-X1 femoral extramedullary positioning instrument based on the theory of restricted kinematic alignment (rKA).Methods:Thirty five cases who underwent total knee arthroplasty in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from November 2019 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, including 7 males and 28 females with an average age of 71± 8 years (ranging from 55 to 85 years) Following the guidance of rKA alignment, the FEM-X1 femoral extramedullary positioning instrument was used for TKA with CR prosthesis. Before the operation, the full-length lower limb radiographs of both anteroposterior and lateral views were taken in a standing position for preoperative assessment of lateral distal femoral angle (LDFA), the medial proximal tibial angle (MPTA) and hip-knee-ankle angle (HKA). According to the principle of rKA alignment, the target LDFA, MPTA and HKA were calculated. The proximal end of tibia and distal end of femur were cut using extramedullary positioning instrument respectively. The posterior femoral condyle was cut according to the tibial plateau and mediolateral soft tissue tension. The prosthesis was installed after osteotomy. The release of collateral ligaments, PCL function, release of PCL, patellofemoral trajectory, release of patellofemoral support band, the amount of blood loss and time of operation were recorded. Postoperative LDFA, MPTA, HKA, and posterior slope angle of tibial prosthesis were measured on X-ray images. The Knee Society Score (KSS) was used for functional evaluation.Results:Thirty five cases of TKA with CR prosthesis following rKA alignment were successfully completed. The operation time was 100 (90, 110) min, and the blood loss was 100 (100, 200) ml. 30 of them were followed up for 12.5±0.7 months (ranging from 12 to 14 months). The pre-operative and post-operative LDFA were 1.0°(-2.0°, 4.0°), 0°(-2.0°, 2.0°), MPTA were -4.0°(-5.0°, -1.0°), -2.0°(-3.0°, -1.0°), HKA were -3.0°(-3.0°, -1.0°), -2.0°(-3.0°, -1.0°). There was no significant difference between the three angles before and after operation ( Z=-0.89, P=0.372; Z=1.87, P=0.061; Z=1.03, P=0.302). The average posterior tibial slope was 5°(3°, 7°). At the follow-up of one year, the KSS clinical score was 94(92, 97) and functional score was 80(70, 90) in 30 cases. During the operation, PCL was released in 1 case because of excessive tension; and lateral retinacular release was performed in 1 case because of poor patellofemoral track. Conclusion:ITKA with CR prosthesis by using the extramedullary positioning instrument on the theory of rKA alignment showed a good clinical outcome at a short follow up.

4.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 161-168, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992821

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the tumor perfusion enhancement induced by low intensity ultrasound stimulated microbubble cavitation (USMC) combined with programmed cell death-Ligand 1(PD-L1) antibody on improving the immune microenvironment of solid tumors.Methods:Tumor-bearing mice were divided into 4 groups: Control ( n=26) group, USMC ( n=27) group, anti-PD-L1 ( n=27) group and USMC+ anti-PD-L1 ( n=27) group. USMC treatment was performed with a VINNO 70 ultrasound theranostics system. Tumor perfusion was evaluated by contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS). The anti-tumor efficacy was assessed by the tumor growth curve and the survival time of mice. The number and function of CD8 + T cells, the differentiation of CD4 + T cells, the proportion of MDSC and the phenotype distribution of TAM in tumors were analyzed by flow cytometry. The content of CXCL9, CXCL10 and HIF-1α in tumor were detected by ELISA. The expression of VEGF in tumor tissues was analyzed by immunofluorescence. Results:CEUS showed that the values of PI and AUC of tumors were significantly increased after USMC compared with before USMC (all P<0.05). USMC combined with anti-PD-L1 therapy did suppress the tumor progression. FCM showed the number, the expression of proliferation antigen Ki67, the secretion of IFN-γ and Granzyme B of CD8 + T cells in tumors were higher in combined group than those in other three groups after therapy (all P<0.05). Meantime, the proportion of Th1 was rose while Tregs and MDSC were declined and the polarization of TAM was toward M1 type by combined therapy. ELISA analysis showed that the combined therapy also increased the concentration of CXCL9, CXCL10 and decreased the content of HIF-1α in tumors (all P<0.05). Meanwhile, the immunofluorescence expression of VEGF was significantly lower in combined group than that in the control group after treatment ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Tumor perfusion enhancement by USMC combined with PD-L1 antibody therapy could improve tumor immune microenvironment and USMC might be a novel effective method for potentiating PD-L1 antibody immunotherapy.

5.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 474-480, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990663

ABSTRACT

Surgery is an important method for the treatment of resectable esophageal cancer. With the continuous development of minimally invasive esophageal technology, video-assisted thoracoscopic esophagectomy (VATE) has demonstrated obvious advantages over conventional open surgery and has been widely accepted. However, there are still some esophageal cancer patients who cannot benefit from VATE. Inflatable video-assisted mediastinoscopic transhiatal esophagectomy(IVMTE) does not require one-lung ventilation, reduces postoperative complications, expands surgical indications, and brings surgical opportunities for patients with impaired lung function and thoracic lesions, which has become a new choice for the treatment of esophageal cancer. However, the limited field of surgical view and the tunneling surgical approach undoubtedly increase the difficulty of surgery, and how to clearly expose the anatomical structures and thoroughly dissect the lymph nodes has always been the key points and difficulties of surgery. The authors review relevant literatures to discuss the clinical progress and limitations of IVMTE.

6.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 579-588, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986930

ABSTRACT

Objective: This cross-sectional investigation aimed to determine the incidence, clinical characteristics, prognosis, and related risk factors of olfactory and gustatory dysfunctions related to infection with the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron strain in mainland China. Methods: Data of patients with SARS-CoV-2 from December 28, 2022, to February 21, 2023, were collected through online and offline questionnaires from 45 tertiary hospitals and one center for disease control and prevention in mainland China. The questionnaire included demographic information, previous health history, smoking and alcohol drinking, SARS-CoV-2 vaccination, olfactory and gustatory function before and after infection, other symptoms after infection, as well as the duration and improvement of olfactory and gustatory dysfunction. The self-reported olfactory and gustatory functions of patients were evaluated using the Olfactory VAS scale and Gustatory VAS scale. Results: A total of 35 566 valid questionnaires were obtained, revealing a high incidence of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to infection with the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron strain (67.75%). Females(χ2=367.013, P<0.001) and young people(χ2=120.210, P<0.001) were more likely to develop these dysfunctions. Gender(OR=1.564, 95%CI: 1.487-1.645), SARS-CoV-2 vaccination status (OR=1.334, 95%CI: 1.164-1.530), oral health status (OR=0.881, 95%CI: 0.839-0.926), smoking history (OR=1.152, 95%CI=1.080-1.229), and drinking history (OR=0.854, 95%CI: 0.785-0.928) were correlated with the occurrence of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to SARS-CoV-2(above P<0.001). 44.62% (4 391/9 840) of the patients who had not recovered their sense of smell and taste also suffered from nasal congestion, runny nose, and 32.62% (3 210/9 840) suffered from dry mouth and sore throat. The improvement of olfactory and taste functions was correlated with the persistence of accompanying symptoms(χ2=10.873, P=0.001). The average score of olfactory and taste VAS scale was 8.41 and 8.51 respectively before SARS-CoV-2 infection, but decreased to3.69 and 4.29 respectively after SARS-CoV-2 infection, and recovered to 5.83and 6.55 respectively at the time of the survey. The median duration of olfactory and gustatory dysfunctions was 15 days and 12 days, respectively, with 0.5% (121/24 096) of patients experiencing these dysfunctions for more than 28 days. The overall self-reported improvement rate of smell and taste dysfunctions was 59.16% (14 256/24 096). Gender(OR=0.893, 95%CI: 0.839-0.951), SARS-CoV-2 vaccination status (OR=1.334, 95%CI: 1.164-1.530), history of head and facial trauma(OR=1.180, 95%CI: 1.036-1.344, P=0.013), nose (OR=1.104, 95%CI: 1.042-1.171, P=0.001) and oral (OR=1.162, 95%CI: 1.096-1.233) health status, smoking history(OR=0.765, 95%CI: 0.709-0.825), and the persistence of accompanying symptoms (OR=0.359, 95%CI: 0.332-0.388) were correlated with the recovery of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to SARS-CoV-2 (above P<0.001 except for the indicated values). Conclusion: The incidence of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to infection with the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron strain is high in mainland China, with females and young people more likely to develop these dysfunctions. Active and effective intervention measures may be required for cases that persist for a long time. The recovery of olfactory and taste functions is influenced by several factors, including gender, SARS-CoV-2 vaccination status, history of head and facial trauma, nasal and oral health status, smoking history, and persistence of accompanying symptoms.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adolescent , SARS-CoV-2 , Smell , COVID-19/complications , Cross-Sectional Studies , COVID-19 Vaccines , Incidence , Olfaction Disorders/etiology , Taste Disorders/etiology , Prognosis
7.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 436-441, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986873

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the association between rs2587552 polymorphism (has a strong lin-kage disequilibrium with rs1800497 which had been found in many studies to be related to obesity, r2=0.85) of DRD2 gene and the effect of a childhood obesity intervention in Chinese population, and provide a scientific basis for future personalized childhood obesity intervention based on genetic background.@*METHODS@#From a multi-center cluster randomized controlled trial studying the effect of a childhood obesity intervention, we enrolled 382 children from 8 primary schools (192 and 190 children from intervention and control groups, respectively) in Beijing as study subjects. Saliva was collected and DNA was extracted to detect the rs2587552 polymorphism of DRD2 gene, and the interactions between the gene and study arms on childhood obesity indicators [including body weight, body mass index (BMI), BMI Z-score, waist circumference, hip circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, waist-to-height ratio, and body fat percentage] were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#No association was found between rs2587552 polymorphism and the changes in hip circumference or body fat percentage in the intervention group (P>0.05). However, in the control group, children carrying the A allele at DRD2 rs2587552 locus showed a greater increase in hip circumference and body fat percentage compared with those not carrying A allele (P < 0.001). There were interactions between rs2587552 polymorphism of DRD2 gene and study arms on the changes in hip circumference and body fat percentage (P=0.007 and 0.015, respectively). Compared with the control group, children in the intervention group carrying the A allele at DRD2 rs2587552 locus showed decrease in hip circumference by (-1.30 cm, 95%CI: -2.25 to -0.35, P=0.007) and decrease in body fat percentage by (-1.34%, 95%CI: -2.42 to -0.27, P=0.015) compared with those not carrying A allele. The results were consistent between the dominant model and the additive model (hip circumfe-rence: -0.66 cm, 95%CI: -1.28 to -0.03, P=0.041; body fat percentage: -0.69%, 95%CI: -1.40 to 0.02, P=0.056). No interaction was found between rs2587552 polymorphism and study arms on the changes in other childhood obesity-related indicators (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Children carrying the A allele at rs2587552 polymorphism of DRD2 gene are more sensitive to intervention and showed more improvement in hip circumference and body fat percentage after the intervention, suggesting that future personalized childhood obesity lifestyle intervention can be carried out based on the rs2587552 polymorphism of DRD2 gene.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Pediatric Obesity/therapy , Prospective Studies , Polymorphism, Genetic , Body Mass Index , Waist Circumference , Receptors, Dopamine D2/genetics
8.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 391-396, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-962479

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effectiveness, safety, economy, innovation, suitability and accessibility of recombinant Mycobacterium tuberculosis fusion protein (EC), and to provide evidence for selecting skin detection methods for tuberculosis infection diagnosis and auxiliary diagnosis of tuberculosis. METHODS The effectiveness and safety of EC compared with purified protein derivative of tuberculin (TB-PPD) were analyzed by the method of systematic review. Cost minimization analysis, cost-effectiveness analysis and cost-utility analysis were used to evaluate the short-term economy of EC compared with TB-PPD, and cost-utility analysis was used to evaluate the long-term economy. The evaluation dimensions of innovation, suitability and accessibility were determined by systematic review and improved Delphi expert consultation, and the comprehensive score of EC and TB-PPD in each dimension were calculated by the weight of each indicator. RESULTS The scores of effectiveness, safety, economy, innovation and suitability of EC were all higher than those of TB-PPD. The affordability scores of the two drugs were consistent, while the availability score of EC was lower than those of TB-PPD. After considering dimensions and index weight, the scores of effectiveness, safety, economy, innovation, suitability, accessibility and the comprehensive score of EC were all higher than those of TB-PPD. CONCLUSIONS Compared with TB-PPD, EC performs better in all dimensions of effectiveness, safety, economy, innovation, suitability and accessibility. However, it is worth noting that EC should further improve its availability in the dimension of accessibility.

9.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1560-1563, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980553

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the effect of vision therapy system 4D combined with stereoscopic 3D technology training for the treatment of amblyopia.METHODS: Prospective study. A total of 102 children with amblyopia who attended the clinic from January 2018 to January 2022 were selected, and they were randomly assigned into two groups by computer, with 51 cases in each group. Control group received stereoscopic 3D technology training, while observation group participated in vision therapy system 4D on the basis of control group. Then the overall effective rate, binocular visual function, spherical equivalent(SE), axial length(AL), mean corneal curvature(Km), best corrected visual acuity(BCVA)and visual evoked potential were compared between two groups.RESULTS: The overall efficacy rate was 94.1% in observation group, which was obviously higher than control group(74.5%; P&#x003C;0.05). The improvement in binocular vision parameters simultaneous perception, total fusion, and stereoacuity were all more remarkable in observation group than in control group(P&#x003C;0.05). The △SE, △AL and △Km yielded no statistical difference between two groups(P&#x003E;0.05). The latency of two spatial frequencies(1°grid and 15'grid)showed a decline in both groups, and the decline was more notable in observation group than in control group(P&#x003C;0.05). In both groups, BCVA improved, and the improvement was more significant in observation group compared with control group(P&#x003C;0.05).CONCLUSION: Application of vision therapy system 4D combined with stereoscopic 3D technology training for amblyopia can effectively ameliorate the visual acuity, promote the reconstruction of simultaneous perception, total fusion, and stereoacuity without additional risk of myopic shift, and improve visual pathway function in children.

10.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 784-787, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958184

ABSTRACT

Objective:To document the blood indexes of middle-aged and elderly intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) patients complicated with deep vein thrombosis (DVT).Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted of 77 hospitalized ICH patients using venous color Doppler ultrasonography within 3 days of admission. According to the results, they were divided into a DVT group (18 cases) and a non-DVT group (59 cases). The blood routine, biochemistry, coagulation, and D-dimer examinations were conducted on the 2nd day after admission. T-tests and rank sum tests tested the significance of any differences between the groups in average white blood cell counts, neutrophil percentages, platelets, albumin, globulin, fasting blood glucose, urea nitrogen, creatinine, uric acid, electrolytes, fibrinogen or D-dimer.Results:The average levels of albumin, uric acid and calcium in the DVT group were significantly lower than in the non-DVT group. The average levels of fasting blood glucose and D-dimer were significantly higher.Conclusions:Decreased serum uric acid, calcium and albumin levels, together with increased fasting blood glucose and D-dimer are related to the occurrence of DVT in ICH patients. To reduce the risk of DVT it is important to maintain normal levels of serum uric acid, calcium and albumin and to limit D-dimer and fasting blood glucose.

11.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 526-530, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957585

ABSTRACT

Osteoporosis and chronic psychological stress are two serious chronic degenerative diseases that cause disability and impact population health. Patients with osteoporosis often present with heavier psychological burden, lower quality of life, and frequent symptoms of depression and anxiety. There are potential common pathogenic factors, cellular mechanisms and signaling pathways between them. Considering that the number of patient with these diseases is huge and growing rapidly, it is particularly important to explore the pathogenic link between these two diseases as well as cross-effect therapeutics for osteoporosis and mental health disorders.

12.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 529-534, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957422

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonist in prostate cancer management.Methods:We retrospectively analyzed the data of 92 consecutive hormonal sensitive prostate cancer (HSPC) patients treated with GnRH antagonist from Jan 2019 to March 2022 in Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center. The median (IQR) age at diagnosis was 70(65-76)years old. Median(IQR) serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level before treatment was 98.30 (32.50-436.75)ng/ml. The median (IQR) testosterone level was 12.30(1.51-18.44)nmol/L. Twenty-six(28.3%)cases were in M 0 stage, while 66(71.7%) were in M 1 stage at diagnosis. There were 67(72.8%)cases in ≥T 3 stage, and 54(58.7%)cases in N 1 stage.The Gleason score of 80(87.0%)cases was ≥8.The second generation androgen inhibitor was used in 58(63.0%)cases, and 21(22.8%)cases had specific gene mutation. Patients received a subcutaneously 240mg Degarelix in the first 28 days and 80 mg Degarelix following every 28 days. The pre-injection and 3 months post injection PSA and testosterone (T) level were collected. According to the proportion of patients with the largest decrease in PSA, the patients were divided into high response group (PSA decrease ≥99% after 3 months of use of Degarelix) and low response group (PSA decrease <99% after 3 months of use of Degarelix). Univariate and multivariate logistic analysis were used to analyze the risk factors affecting the treatment response of Degarelix. Results:Among the 92 prostate cancer patients, after 3 months Degarelix treatment, the median PSA value decreased to 0.64ng/ ml ( P <0.001), and the median testosterone value decreased to 0.45nmol/L ( P <0.001). After treatment, there were 48 cases in the high reaction group and 44 cases in the low reaction group. Before treatment, the median PSA in the high-response group was 100.00(67.11-444.25) ng/ml, higher than 88.50 (9.91-582.25) ng/ml in the low-response group, but not statistically significant ( P=0.077). The median testosterone level in the high response group was 13.82 (7.53-19.43) nmol/L, which was significantly higher than that in the low response group [4.61 (0.75-16.12) nmol/L, P =0.030]. After treatment, the median PSA in the high-response group was 0.22 (0.09-0.82) ng/ml, significantly lower than that in the low-response group [3.22 (0.19-15.88) ng/ ml, P<0.001]. The median testosterone value of the high reaction group was 0.40 (0.09-0.80) nmol/L and that of the low reaction group was 0.45 (0.02-0.65) nmol/L, which showed no significant difference ( P =0.826), and both reached the level of castration (<1.7nmol/L). Univariate analysis showed that age ≤ 65 years old was a good prognostic factor ( OR=0.333, 95% CI 0.119-0.810, P =0.017); T stage ( P =0.540), N stage ( P =0.363), M stage ( P =0.660), Gleason score ( P =0.834), application of second-generation antiandrogens ( P=0.238) and gene mutation ( P =0.525) were not related to Degarelix hyperresponsiveness. In multivariate analysis, age was the only independent favorite prognostic factors( OR=0.913, 95% CI 0.847-0.983, P=0.016). Conclusions:In the real world, GnRH antagonists significantly reduced the levels of testosterone and PSA in HSPC patients after 3 months of treatment regardless of TNM stage, Gleason score, and the second generation androgen inhibitor using.

13.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 280-286, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935282

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the correlation of serum lipids levels of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients with sex, age and apolipoprotein E (Apo E) gene polymorphism. Methods: The retrospective study method was used, and 407 AD patients (142 males and 265 females, aged 52-91 years) were selected from Beijing Tiantan Hospital from January 2015 to August 2021 as the research target, and 894 healthy persons (339 males and 555 females, aged 52-94 years) who did body examination were selected as the control group. The AD patients were divided into four age groups according to the age interval of 10 years, including 85 aged 50-59 years, 163 aged 60-69 years, 119 aged 70-79 years, and 40 aged more than 80 years. The serum lipids levels were detected by biochemical analyzer, including triglycerides (TG), cholesterol (CHO), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), apolipoproteinA1(Apo A1) and apolipoprotein B (Apo B). ApoE gene polymorphism were detected by PCR fluorescent probe method. Mann-Whitney U test and Kruskal-Wallis H test were used to compare the serum lipids levels in each group. Results: The levels of serum CHO and LDL-C were 3.30(1.41,4.82) mmol/L and 1.76(1.39,2.78) mmol/L in AD patients, and 4.84(4.24, 5.56) mmol/L and 2.91(2.36, 3.57) mmol/L in control group, and the levels of serum CHO and LDL-C of AD patients were significantly lower than control group (Z=-15.172,Z=-14.583 , P<0.001, P<0.001). The levels of serum HDL-C and Apo B were 1.84(1.30, 3.88) mmol/L and 1.17(0.85, 1.57) g/L in AD patients, and 1.39(1.18, 1.64) mmol/L and 0.93(0.81, 1.09) g/L in control group, and the levels of serum HDL-C and Apo-B of AD patients were significantly higher than control group (Z=-12.249 , Z=-9.706 , P<0.001, P<0.001). There was no significant difference in TG and Apo A1 between 2 groups (Z=-1.577 , Z=-0.408 , P=0.115, P=0.683). The levels of TG, CHO, LDL-C in female AD patients were significantly higher than male patients (Z=-2.737 , Z=-3.963 , Z=-4.417, P=0.006, P<0.001, P<0.001). There were significant differences in TG, CHO, HDL-C, LDL-C, Apo A1 and Apo B among AD patients of all age groups (Z=11.263 , Z=10.060 , Z=40.246 , Z=10.451 , Z=24.315 , Z=19.922 , P=0.010 , P=0.018 , P<0.001 , P=0.015 , P<0.001 , P<0.001). The serum CHO and LDL-C levels were positively correlated with age (rs=0.160, rs=0.174, P=0.001, P<0.001), and HDL-C, Apo A1 and Apo B levels were negatively correlated with age (rs=-0.312, rs=-0.272, rs=-0.146, P<0.001, P<0.001, P=0.003), and there was no correlation between TG level and age in AD patients (rs=0.086, P=0.082). There were 3 cases (3.33%) of E2, 43 cases of E3 (47.78%) and 44 cases of E4 (48.89%) in AD patients, and 22 cases (12.72%) of E2, 117 cases of E3 (67.63%) and 34 cases of E4 (19.65%) in control group. There was significant difference in Apo E genotype distribution between AD patients and control group (χ²=26.381 , P<0.001). Apo E4 was the most common genotype in AD patients, and the proportion was 48.89%. Except for Apo A1(Z=7.821 , P=0.020), there was no significant difference in TG, CHO, HDL-C, LDL-C and Apo B levels among all patients with different genotypes (Z=3.732 , Z=1.677 , Z=1.455 , Z=1.619 , Z=2.202 , P=0.155, P=0.432, P=0.483, P=0.445, P=0.333). Conclusion: The levels of CHO and LDL-C decreased while the levels of HDL-C and Apo B increased in AD patients. The dyslipidemia in AD patients might be correlated with age, but not sex and Apo E genotypes.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Alzheimer Disease/genetics , Apolipoproteins E/genetics , Cholesterol, HDL/blood , Polymorphism, Genetic , Retrospective Studies , Triglycerides/blood
14.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 93-98, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935187

ABSTRACT

Objective: To estimate stomach cancer incidence and mortality in Henan, 2016 and analyze the trend of stomach cancer incidence and mortality from 2010 to 2016. Methods: Stomach cancer related data in 2016 was extracted from Henan cancer registration and follow-up system. All data were qualified in validity, reliability and completeness according to the Guideline on Cancer Registration in China and International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC/IACR). The incidence and mortality of stomach cancer were estimated by areas, gender and age based on the quality data and the registered population data of Henan province in 2016. The epidemic trend of stomach cancer was also been evaluated based on the age-standardized incidence and mortality by Chinese population (ASR China) from 2010 to 2016. Results: In 2016, the estimated incident cases of stomach cancer were 44 311. The incidence was 41.07/100 000, ASR China was 30.17/100 000, ASR by world population (ASR world) was 30.36/100 000, and the cumulative incidence rate was 3.84%. The incidences of male and female were 55.65/100 000 and 25.35/100 000, respectively. Meanwhile, 32 927 people died of stomach cancer in Henan. The mortality was 30.52/100 000, ASR China was 21.45/100 000, ASR world was 21.54/100 000, and the cumulative mortality was 2.53%. From 2010 to 2016, both the ASR China for incidence and mortality of stomach cancer in Henan showed a steady downward trend. In rural, the ASR China for incidence and mortality decreased rapidly, while the stable trend was observed in urban. Nevertheless, the incidence and mortality of stomach cancer in rural were still higher than those in urban. Conclusions: The incidence and mortality of stomach cancer in Henan province showed steadily declining trend from 2010 to 2016, and the geographical distribution difference between rural and urban areas was gradually narrowing. However, the disease burden was still high in 2016.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , China/epidemiology , Incidence , Registries , Reproducibility of Results , Rural Population , Stomach Neoplasms/epidemiology , Urban Population
15.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 86-92, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935186

ABSTRACT

Objective: To estimate the incidence and mortality of esophageal cancer in 2016 and their changing trend during 2010-2016 according to the cancer registration data in Henan province. Methods: The data quality including completeness, validity, and reliability of local registries which submitted the cancer registration data of 2016 were assessed according to the criteria of Guideline on Cancer Registration in China and IARC/IACR. Esophageal cancer cases (ICD10: C15) were extracted from the database, and the incidence and mortality stratified by gender, age, and areas (urban/rural) were calculated, the incidence and mortality of provincial cancer were estimated combined with provincial population data. China's 2000 census population and Segi's population were used to calculate the age-standardized rate. Joinpoint model was used to estimate the changing trend of age standardized incidence and mortality along with the calendar year. Results: Approximately 40.10 thousand new esophageal cancer cases were diagnosed in Henan in 2016, accounting for 13.46% of all new cancer cases, and it ranked the third among cancer of all sites. The crude incidence of esophageal cancer was 37.21/100 000 with an age-standardized incidence rate by China standard population (ASIRC) of 26.74/100 000 and an age-standardized incidence rate by world standard population (ASIRW) of 27.12/100 000. The incidence of esophageal cancer in males was higher than that in females, with the ASIRC of 34.53/100 000 and 19.19/100 000, respectively. It was higher in rural areas than that in urban areas, with the ASIRC of 28.13/100 000 and 20.90/100 000, respectively. About 29.30 thousand deaths of esophageal cancer in Henan in 2016, accounting for 15.61% of all cancer deaths in Henan, which ranked the third among cancer of all sites. The crude mortality rate was 27.14/100 000 with an age-standardized mortality rate by China standard population (ASMRC) of 18.74/100 000 and an age-standardized mortality rate by world standard population (ASMRW) of 18.78/100 000. The mortality in males was higher than that in females, with the ASMRC of 24.78/100 000 and 13.12/100 000, respectively. It was also higher in rural areas than that in urban areas, with the ASMRC of 19.48/100 000 and 15.73/100 000, respectively. The ASIRC and ASMRC were declining with annual percent change (APC) of 3.12% (APC=-3.12%; 95%CI: -5.30%, -0.90%; P=0.015) and 2.47% (APC=-2.47%; 95%CI: -4.70%, -0.20%; P=0.039) during 2010-2016. However, the significant declining trend was only observed in rural areas in Henan, and the changing trend was same between males and females. Conclusions: The incidence and mortality of esophageal cancer are declining since 2010, however, the disease burden remains large in Henan. Therefore, comprehensive prevention and control efforts should be strengthened according to its epidemic characteristics and risk factors.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , China/epidemiology , Esophageal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Incidence , Registries , Reproducibility of Results , Rural Population , Urban Population
16.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 249-256, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935136

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the functional changes of key gut microbiota (GM) that produce lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients and to explore their potential role in the pathogenesis of AF. Methods: This was a prospective cross-sectional study. Patients with AF admitted to Beijing Chaoyang Hospital of Capital Medical University were enrolled from March 2016 to December 2018. Subjects with matched genetic backgrounds undergoing physical examination during the same period were selected as controls. Clinical baseline data and fecal samples were collected. Bacterial DNA was extracted and metagenomic sequencing was performed by using Illumina Novaseq. Based on metagenomic data, the relative abundances of KEGG Orthology (KO), enzymatic genes and species that harbored enzymatic genes were acquired. The key features were selected via the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) analysis. The role of GM-derived LPS biosynthetic feature in the development of AF was assessed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) and logistic regression analysis. Results: Fifty nonvalvular AF patients (mean age: 66.0 (57.0, 71.3), 32 males(64%)) were enrolled as AF group. Fifty individuals (mean age 55.0 (50.5, 57.5), 41 males(82%)) were recruited as controls. Compared with the controls, AF patients showed a marked difference in the GM genes underlying LPS-biosynthesis, including 20 potential LPS-synthesis KO, 7 LPS-biosynthesis enzymatic genes and 89 species that were assigned as taxa harbored nine LPS-enzymatic genes. LASSO regression analysis showed that 5 KO, 3 enzymatic genes and 9 species could be selected to construct the KO, enzyme and species scoring system. Genes enriched in AF group included 2 KO (K02851 and K00972), 3 enzymatic genes (LpxH, LpxC and LpxK) and 7 species (Intestinibacter bartlettii、Ruminococcus sp. JC304、Coprococcus catus、uncultured Eubacterium sp.、Eubacterium sp. CAG:251、Anaerostipes hadrus、Dorea longicatena). ROC curve analysis revealed the predictive capacity of differential GM-derived LPS signatures to distinguish AF patients in terms of above KO, enzymatic and species scores: area under curve (AUC)=0.957, 95%CI: 0.918-0.995, AUC=0.940, 95%CI 0.889-0.991, AUC=0.972, 95%CI 0.948-0.997. PLS-SEM showed that changes in lipopolysaccharide-producing bacteria could be involved in the pathogenesis of AF. The key KO mediated 35.17% of the total effect of key bacteria on AF. After incorporating the clinical factors of AF, the KO score was positively associated with the significantly increased risk of AF (OR<0.001, 95%CI:<0.001-0.021, P<0.001). Conclusion: Microbes involved in LPS synthesis are enriched in the gut of AF patients, accompanied with up-regulated LPS synthesis function by encoding the LPS-enzymatic biosynthesis gene.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Atrial Fibrillation/complications , Cross-Sectional Studies , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Lipopolysaccharides , Prospective Studies
17.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 353-358, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934317

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical characteristics of steroid-induced ocular hypertension (SIOH) in patients with uveitis, and explore the relationship between its clinical phenotype and gene polymorphism.Methods:A retrospective case-control study. From July 2019 to December 2020, 576 patients with uveitis who were treated with glucocorticoid eye drops in Tianjin Medical University Eye Hospital were included in the study. Among them, there were 175 confirmed glucocorticoid responders (SRs) and 401 glucocorticoid non-responders (NRs). Seventy cases of SRs (age ≥18 years) using 1 % prednisone acetate eye drops were selected as the experiment group and 64 cases of NRs were selected as the control group. The polymorphism of rs2523864 and rs3873352 of human leukocyte antigen complex group ( HCG) 22 gene were detected by Sanger sequencing. To observe the clinical characteristics of SIOH after the use of glucocorticoid eye drops, and the correlation between rs2523864 and rs3873352 and the occurrence of SIOH. Differences among groups were compared with the Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test. The correlation between the occurrence of SIOH and the range of intraocular pressure increases after glucocorticoid use and the rs2523864 and rs3873352 loci were compared using the odds ratio ( OR) and its 95% confidence interval ( CI). Results:SIOH occurred in 175 (30.4%, 175/576) of 576 patients. Among them, there were 96 males (54.9%, 96/175) and 79 females (45.1%, 79/175); the average age was 33.64±17.40 years. Steroid high responders (HRs) and steroid moderate responders (MRs) were 58 (33.1%, 58/175) and 117 (66.9%, 117/175) cases. The medication time for the increase in intraocular pressure in MRs that was 33 (19, 56) days, and in HRs that was 28 (14, 36) days, the difference of which was significant ( Z=-1.999, P=0.046). No differences were found in daily doses of ocular hypertension induced by 1% prednisone acetate eye drops between MRs which was 4.24 (3.46, 4.66) drops/day and HRs that was 4.32 (3.84, 5.36) drops/day ( Z=-1.676, P=0.094). The genotype and allele frequency distribution of the rs3873352 locus in the case group and HRs group were significantly different from those in the control group ( P<0.05). The intraocular pressure with rs3873352 GG genotype after the medication was higher than that with GC and CC genotype ( Z=2.855, 2.628; P=0.013, 0.026), whereas there was no significant difference between different genotypes of rs2523864 ( Z=3.580, P>0.05). Genetic model analysis revealed the risk of SIOH in rs3873352 G allele carriers (GG+GC) was 2.048 times that of non-G allele carriers ( OR=2.048, 95% CI: 1.027-4.081, P=0.041). The genotype and allele frequency of rs2523864 locus showed no significant difference between different group ( P>0.05). Conclusions:After the use of glucocorticoid eye drops, HRs have an earlier increase in intraocular pressure than MRs. HCG22-rs3873352 gene polymorphism is related to the occurrence of SIOH, GG genotype increases the risk of SIOH, and G allele is a risk gene for SIOH.

18.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 340-343, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933982

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore any changes with age in the center of plantar pressure among normal people after walking.Methods:Fifty healthy subjects were divided into a young group and an elderly group, each of 25. Gait descriptors were collected for each subject using a model AL-600 gait and balance training and evaluation apparatus. The gait descriptors were the center of pressure displacement (COPD), and the COPD in the medial-lateral (COPD-X) and anterior-posterior (COPD-Y) directions before and after 10 and 15 minutes of walking.Results:The average COPD, COPD-X and COPD-Y of the elderly group increased after both 10 and 15 minutes of walking, but among the young group increases were observed only after 15 minutes. The average COPD, COPD-X and COPD-Y of the elderly group were always significantly larger than the young group′s averages.Conclusions:Gait stability among the elderly decreases after as little as 10 minutes of walking, but among the young decreases are observed only after 15 minutes.

19.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 176-180, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933188

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility, safety and short-term effect of the Hood technique in robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP).Methods:The data of 24 patients with localized prostate cancer underwent RARP with Hood technique From June 2020 to March 2021 were retrospectively reviewed. The mean age was 67.8 (57-76) years, and the mean body mass index was 25.17(18.31-32.54)kg/m 2. The mean tPSA value was 18.36(4.21-67.57)ng/ml and the mean biopsy Gleason score was 7.3 (6-8). In term of the clinical T stage, the 24 cases were composed of the T 1c stage in 1 case, T 2a stage in 5 cases, T 2b stage in 4 cases and T 2c stage in 14 cases. During Hood technique, the anterior bladder were limitedly isolated without exposing the outline of pelvis and prostate. Results:All the cases were completed robotically without conversion, transfusion or positive surgical margin. The average robot-assisted operation time was 84.5(63-110) mins. Estimated blood loss was 75.3(20-180) ml. The average time for maintaining the drain was 3.7(3-5) days. The mean postoperative hospital stay was 7.1(4-11) days. The mean catheterization time was 7.3(6-9) days after surgery. 23 patients achieved continence immediately after catheter removal, while 1 patient had continence full-recovery 2 weeks after surgery. The mean surgical Gleason score was 7.9 (6-9). In term of the surgical T stage, the 24 cases were composed of the pT 2a stage in 4 case, T 2b stage in 6 cases, T 2c stage in 14 cases.During 3-12 months’ follow-up, no biochemical recurrence was found. Conclusions:Hood technique were safe and valid in RARP with excellent immediate continence recovery. It facilitated Retzius sparing in a convenient approach with low positive surgical margin rate.

20.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 156-169, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936459

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the situation of cancer screening of community residents and its association with the knowledge of cancer core knowledge, and to provide reference for the formulation of secondary cancer prevention measures. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 2 037 residents aged 18-79 who lived in Bao 'an District, Shenzhen. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the relationship between core knowledge and cancer screening behavior after adjusting for age, gender, education, marriage, occupation and smoking. Results The cancer screening rate of community residents was 28.10%, and the screening rate of middle-aged and elderly people aged 40-79 was 33.50 %.The proportion of “not very well understanding”, “partial understanding” and “basic understanding” of the core knowledge of cancer were 43.91%, 42.33% and 13.76%, respectively, which was higher than that of the non-participants. Multivariate analysis showed that the women, the higher the level of education of college/university or above and the higher the level of knowledge of cancer prevention core knowledge, the higher the probability of participating in cancer screening was OR (95%CI ) : 2.40 (1.86-3.12), 1.65 (1.29-2.10), 1.38 (1.18 - 1.62), respectively. Conclusion The proportion of cancer screening in community residents needs to be improved, and the degree of core knowledge of cancer is closely related to cancer screening behavior. It is suggested to increase the publicity and education of the core knowledge of cancer, and at the same time, carry out the health education of secondary cancer prevention for the key population such as men and people with low education level, so as to improve the proportion of “early detection, early diagnosis and early treatment” of cancer.

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