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1.
Clinics ; 75: e1804, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133489

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Retinoblastoma (RB) is a highly malignant eye tumor with a low survival rate and a high metastatic rate. The current work was designed to investigate the potential roles of microRNA-144 (miR-144) in the diagnosis and prognosis of RB. METHODS: miR-144 expression levels in RB tissues and adjacent normal tissues, as well as serum samples from RB patients and healthy controls were measured. The association between miR-144 expression levels and clinical features were analyzed. Moreover, diagnostic and prognostic values of miR-144 in RB were verified by receiver operating characteristic analysis and Kaplan-Meier survival assays. RESULTS: The expression level of miR-144 was markedly decreased in tumor tissues of RB patients, and the expression level of miR-144 was positively associated with tumor size and metastasis in RB patients. Moreover, miR-144 can distinguish tumor tissues from normal tissues with high specificity and sensitivity, and RB patients with lower miR-144 expression have shorter overall and disease-free survival rates than those with higher miR-144 expression. Alternatively, miR-144 also decreased in the serum of RB patients in comparison with healthy subjects, and miR-144 expression levels in the tissue samples and serum were positively correlated. Furthermore, miR-144 levels in the serum of RB patients sensitively distinguished RB patients from healthy controls. CONCLUSIONS: miR-144 expression was downregulated in serum and tissue samples of RB patients and may function as a diagnostic and prognostic marker for RB.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retinoblastoma/diagnosis , Retinoblastoma/genetics , Retinal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Retinal Neoplasms/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Prognosis , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800500

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the characteristics of the default memory network (DMN) and working memory network (WMN) at resting state brain functional network of exercise addiction people.@*Methods@#Twenty-nine sports addicts and 26 non-sports addicts matched by sex, age, average education level and sports dependence were screened by the exercise addiction index (EAI). Resting status brain scanning was performed with 3.0T magnetic resonance scanner.Sparse approximation coefficients independent component analysis (SACICA) model was used to analyze the independent components of brain networks.@*Results@#Compared with the DMN template, four features were extracted, including " basic conformity" , " less frontal lobe" , " more frontal lobe" and " less occipitoparietal lobe" . Compared with the parameters of " basic conformity" , the proportion of exercise addiction group (33.3%, 9/27) was higher than that of control group (18.2%, 4/22). In the other three parameters, the proportion of exercise addiction group (37.0%, 10/27; 3.7%, 1/27; 22.2%, 6/27) was lower than those of control group (45.5%, 10/22; 22.7%, 5/22; 27.3%, 6/22). But Chi-square test showed that there was no significant difference between the two groups(all P>0.05). Compared with the WMN template, six features were extracted, including " basic conformity" , " more frontal and parietal lobes" , " more parietal lobes" , " more frontal lobes" , " less frontal lobes" and " less parietal lobes" . The percentages of the first three features in exercise addiction group (22.2%, 6/27; 7.4%, 2/27; 7.4%, 2/27) were less than those in the control group (45.5%, 10/22; 22.7%, 5/22; 9.1%, 2/22), while the percentages of the last three features in the exercise addiction group (7.4%, 2/27; 37.0%, 10/27; 14.8%, 4/27) were higher than those in the control group (4.5%, 1/22; 13.6%, 3/22; 0, 0). Chi-square test showed that there was no significant difference in all features between the two groups was statistically(P>0.05).@*Conclusion@#No significant characteristic changes are found in DMN and WMN networks of exercise addiction population.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773161

ABSTRACT

The flower of Hibiscus syriacus has good ornamental and edible-medicinal values.In this study,four samples of two varieties,namely white multiple petals flower and pink multiple petals flower,were selected as test materials.And the optimum extraction conditions,relative molecular weight,monosaccharide composition and antioxidant activity of polysaccharides in flower were investigated.Through single factor experiment and response surface,the optimal extract conditions of polysaccharide were designed as follows:extraction temperature at 96.8℃,ratio of material to liquid of 43.5∶1 m L·g~(-1),extraction time of 3.1 h.Polysaccharides of H.syriacus flowers were analyzed by high performance gel chromatography.The average molecular masses of the 4 polysaccharide samples were1.49×10~5,1.25×10~5,1.01×10~5,1.37×10~5,respectively.Polysaccharides of H.syriacus flowers were mainly composed of glucose,mannose,galactose,rhamnose and arabinose by pre-column derivatization HPLC.The ratio of galactose was the highest in five monosaccharide,and the ratio of galactose to glucose was 1.656-4.496.In addition,crude polysaccharides of H.syriacus flowers showed potential antioxidant activity by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical(DPPH)assay,total reducing capacity assay and ABTS assay in vitro,and its antioxidant effect showed a good dose-effect relationship with the concentration of crude polysaccharides.Among the tested varieties,polysaccharides of pink multiple petals flower and white multiple petals flower had the same molecular masses and monosaccharides composition,but the antioxidant activity of the polysaccharides of pink multiple petals flower was higher than that of the white flowers.The results of this study can provide a theoretical basis for the application of H.syriacus flower in the field of functional foods.


Subject(s)
Antioxidants , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Flowers , Chemistry , Hibiscus , Chemistry , Monosaccharides , Chemistry , Phytochemicals , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Pigmentation , Polysaccharides , Chemistry , Pharmacology
4.
China Oncology ; (12): 105-110, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701059

ABSTRACT

Background and purpose: Abnormal expression of arginase 2 (ARG2) in a variety of human malignant tumors was detected. Previous studies found that ARG2 significantly increased in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and was related to histological grading of HCC. This study aimed to analyze the association of ARG2 expression with cell proliferation, apoptosis and prognosis in HCC. Methods: The expression levels of ARG2 mRNA in 14 samples of HCC, paracancerous liver tissues and 14 samples of normal liver were detected by reverse transcriptionpolymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Tissue sections from 158 HCC patients were examined immunohistochemically for protein expression of ARG2, proliferation-related proteins (Ki-67 and cyclin D1) and apoptosis-related proteins (activated caspase-3, caspase-8 and caspase-9). Immunofluorescence double labeling method was used to detect the coexpression of ARG2 and activated caspase-3, and the colocalization between ARG2 and apoptotic cells. Patients were followed up by telephone. Results: TThe expression of ARG2 mRNA was significantly increased in HCC compared with the paracancerous liver tissues and normal liver tissues (F=27.10, P<0.01). The expression of ARG2 was positively correlated with the expression of Ki-67 and cyclin D1, respectively (r=0.247 8, P<0.01; r=0.372 7, P<0.01). The expression of ARG2 was positively correlated with the expression of activated caspase-3 and caspase-8, respectively (r=0.191 0, P<0.05; r=0.180 5, P<0.05), but not with the caspase-9 (r=0.108 9, P>0.05). Immunofluorescence double labeling showed that ARG2 was coexpressed with the activated caspase-3 and colocalized with apoptotic cells. Kaplan-Meier survival curves showed that the median survival time was 32 months in ARG2(-) group, 18 months in ARG2(+) group and 15 months in ARG2(++) group. The log-rank test results showed that there were significant differences in median survival time between the groups, and the median survival time in ARG2(-) group was longer than that in ARG2(+) and ARG2(++) groups (χ2=12.278, P<0.01). Conclusion: ARG2 may be involved in regulating the proliferation and apoptosis of HCC cancer cells. Detecting the expression of ARG2 in HCC tissues may indicate prognosis.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690679

ABSTRACT

The study is aimed to fully analyze antioxidant activty and stability of color-related components from Dendrobium officinale flower. The contents of anthocyanins,carotenoids and flavonoids of 10 varieties including whole flower and labellum of D.officinale flower were detected using UV visible spectroscopy technique and evaluated for their 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical (DPPH·), superoxide anion radical (·O⁻₂) and hydroxy radical (·OH) scavenging activty. And the effects of 4 kinds of metal ions (Cu²⁺, Mg²⁺, Al³⁺,K⁺) and 2 kinds of food additives were investigated on the stability of anthocyanins pigment from D.officinale flower. The results indicated that the flower of D.officinale contained anthocyanins,carotenoids and flavonoids,and their contents in different parts of different families varied. The content of anthocyanins (1 330.9 μg·g⁻¹) in labellum was significantly higher than that in the whole flower (696.3 μg·g⁻¹). The content of carotenoids was positively correlated with the content of anthocyanins,and there was significant positive correlation between the scavenging capacities of the three free radicals and the contents of anthocyanin,respectively (0.415,0.384,0.455). The Cu²⁺, Mg²⁺, Al³⁺, K⁺ and glucose showed significant color-enhancing effect and could increase the stability of anthocyanin in D.officinale flower,while ascorbic acids showed remarkably degradation effect of anthocyanin in D.officinale flower.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773304

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aims to investigate whether dexamethasone (DEX) can down-regulate the PAR complex and disrupt the cell polarity in the palatal epithelium during palatal fusion.@*METHODS@#Pregnant rats were randomly divided into control and DEX groups, which were injected intraperitoneally with 0.9% sodium chloride (0.1 mL) and DEX (6 mg·kg ⁻¹), respectively, every day from E10 to E12. The palatal epithelial morphology was observed using hematoxylin and eosin staining and scanning electron microscopy. Immunofluorescence staining, Western Blot analysis, and real-time polymerase chain reaction were performed to detect the expression of PAR3, PAR6, and aPKC.@*RESULTS@#The incidence of cleft palate in DEX group (46.15%) was significantly higher than that in control group (3.92%), and the difference was statistically significant (χ2=24.335, P=0.00). DEX can also retard the growth of the palatal shelves and the short palatal shelves. The morphology and arrangement of MEE cells changed from polarized bilayer cells to nonpolarized monolayer ones. Additionally, the spherical structure decreased, which caused the cleft palate. PAR3 and PAR6 were only detected in the palatal epithelium, and aPKC was expressed in the palatal epithelium and mesenchyme. DEX can reduce the expression levels of PAR3, PAR6, and aPKC in the protein and gene levels.@*CONCLUSIONS@#DEX can down-regulate the complex gene expression in the MEE cells, thereby destroying the cell polarity and causing cleft palate.


Subject(s)
Animals , Carrier Proteins , Physiology , Cell Polarity , Cleft Palate , Dexamethasone , Pharmacology , Epithelial Cells , Female , Glucocorticoids , Pharmacology , Palate , Pregnancy , Rats
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773297

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aims to explore the effect of cosmetic technique on the modification of lip deformity after cleft lip surgery.@*METHODS@#A total of 35 patients with postoperative cleft lip and who needed two-stage repair due to the nasolabial deformity were selected. Cosmetic technique was used to modify their lip deformities prior to the surgery. Front photos of the patients were taken before and after modification of their lip deformities. These photos were subsequently assessed by both the patients and the medical staff. The visual analogue method, Asher-McDade aesthetic index, and Mortier PB scale were used by patients and medical staff to evaluate changes in the lip shape by the cosmetic technique.@*RESULTS@#Prior to the cosmetic technique application, the mean self-score of the patients and the mean scores of the medical staff were 56±13 and 3.22±1.11 points, respectively. After the cosmetic technique application, the mean self-score of the patients and the mean scores of the medical staff were 67±12 and 2.85±1.03 points, respectively. The differences were statistically significant for both the patients and the medical staff (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Appropriate use of the cosmetic technique can modify the lip deformity after the cleft lip surgery to a certain degree. The use of this technique exerts evident effects in restoring the symmetry
of lip peak and the continuity of the labial arch and in highlighting the philtrum column.


Subject(s)
Cleft Lip , General Surgery , Cosmetic Techniques , Esthetics, Dental , Humans , Postoperative Period , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Treatment Outcome
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335762

ABSTRACT

In order to provide new information on polysaccharide in Dendrobium officinale flowers,the monosaccharide composition and relative molecular mass distribution of 11 families of flowers were investigated and analyzed by high performance gel filtration chromatography (HPGFC) and pre-column derivatization ultra performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) in this study. Then cluster analysis was carried out for the monosaccharide peak areas by utilizing SPSS 19.0 software. The results showed that the polysaccharides of all the above 11 hybrid families of D. officinale flower were separated into three fractions (DOP-1, DOP-2 and DOP-3) with the average relative molecular mass of 5.53×105, 3.49×105 and 2.12×105. The polysaccharides in 11 different families were mainly composed of glucose, mannose, galactose, galacturonic acid and arabinose; mannose had the highest proportion among them, with mannose/glucose ratio of 0.302-3.335. Additionally, the relative contents of various monosaccharides in different families varied. 11 families of D. officinale flower could be classified into four categories according to their monosaccharide components and relative contents. In this study, the relative molecular mass distribution and monosaccharide composition of polysaccharides in D. officinale flowers were defined, which can provide foundations for its resource utilization..

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324670

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the advantages of minimally invasive expandable in surgery of lumbar discectomy and interbody fusion and internal fixation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 48 patients who underwent lumbar discectomy and interbody fusion and internal fixation from January 2010 to March 2016 was retrospectively analyzed. According to the admission queue, the patients were randomly assigned into channel group (26 cases) or traditional group (22 cases). In channel group, surgical approach of minimally invasive expandable channel was applied, and in traditional group, open posterior operation approach (including posterior lumbar interbody fusion and transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion, etc.) was applied. In channel group, there were 20 males and 6 females, aged from 43 to 74 years with an average of(56.6±5.1) years; course of disease was ranged from 4 to 22 months with an average of (6.7±1.8) months; 1 case was complicated with diabetes, 6 cases were complicated with hypertensive disease, and 2 cases were complicated with arrhythmia. In traditional group, there were 15 males and 7 females, aged from 43 to 73 years with an average of(55.9±4.6) years; course of disease was ranged from 4 to 26 months with an average of (6.2±2.1) months; 2 cases were complicated with diabetes, 5 cases were complicated with hypertensive disease, and 1 case was complicated with arrhythmia. Operation time, bleeding volume, and hospitalization time were compared between two groups and visual analogue scale(VAS), Oswestry Disability Index(ODI), bone fusion information, and complications correlated with incision were observed in two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All 48 patients were followed up for more than 6 months. Postoperative VAS and ODI were significantly improved (<0.01), but 3 and 6 months after operation, there was no significant difference in VAS between two groups, and ODI score of channel group was lower than that of traditional group(<0.01). Operation time, bleeding volume, hospitalization time in channel group respectively were (167.3±30.2) min, (786.8±147.8) ml, (12.3±2.4) d, and in traditional group were (197.5±48.7) min, (786.8±147.8) ml, (16.5±3.8) d, there was significant differences between two groups. There was no significant difference in fusion rate and fusion time between two groups. There were 4 cases and 7 cases developed incision related complications in channel group and traditional group, respectively. The difference between two groups was significant(<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Compared with conventional surgery minimally invasive lumbar discectomy and interbody fusion and internal fixation has advantages of less trauma, shorter operative time and better functional recovery.</p>

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637864

ABSTRACT

Cataract is a main blinding eye disease worldwide,follwed by glaucoma.Expension of lens volume occurs in early stage of age-related cataractous eyes,which is a risk factor of Primary angle-closure glaucoma,and phacoemulsification is a feasible approach to remove it.However,how to select the timing of operation and determine the prognosis is the major challenge for ophthalmologists.In order to evaluate the influence of phacoemulsification on ocular anterior segment configuration,we collected the information of 17 articles that quantitatively analyzed the ocular anterior segment parameter changes after phacoemulsification,determined by anterior segment OCT (AS-OCT).Total 866 eyes that received phacoemulsification for age-related cataract were included in the following-up duration for 6 months,and the results showed that the mean anterior chamber depth (ACD),anterior chamber volume (ACV),anterior chamber angle (ACA),angle opening distance 500 μm anterior to the scleral spur (AODS00),angle opening distance 750 μm anterior to the scleral spur (AOD750),trabecular-iris space area 500 μm from scleral spur (TISA500),trabecular-iris space area 750 μm from scleral spur(TISA750),and angle recess area 750 μm anterior to the scleral spur (ARA 750) were increased,but the mean anterior chamber width (ACW) and iris thickness measured at 750 μm (IT750) were not significantly changed,while the postoperative iris curvature (I-Curv),iris cross-sectional area and convex hull of iris segments were decreased after phacoemulsification.In addition,the postoperative ACD,TISA500 showed positive correlations to preoperative lens thickness,and the ACD and AOD500 in 3 months after operation were positively correlated to the preoperative lens value (LV).This systematic review concluded that phacoemulsification could be used for the treatment of glaucoma by relieving pupillary block,reducing the iris oppression,deepening the anterior chamber and opening anterior chamber angle.

11.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 420-422, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-475610

ABSTRACT

Objective The article was to speed up the dissolution rate of poorly soluble drugs, reduce the configuration time and improve the allocative efficiency by analysis on factors influencing dissolution and adoption of proper allocative approaches accord-ing to different characteristics of insaluble drugs. Methods 5 insaluable drugs were chosen for the study, which were ornithine as-partate, mezlocillin sodium and sulbactam sodium, teicoplanin, omeprazole sodium injection and imipenem and cilastatin sodium.The control group were allocated by routine configuration approach, while the experiment group were improved by increasing the amount of solvent, loosing the powder inside the bottle before configuration, reducing the bubble, adopting special solvent and increasing the dis-solution temperature.Observation and comparative experiment were made on two groups along with the timing from configuration to com-plete dissolution into clear transparent liquid. Results As to the average complete dissolution time of 5 drugs, significant difference was found between two groups([42±5]s vs [246±35]s, [3±1]min vs [30±3]min, [5±1]min vs [10±3]min, [5±3]min vs [10± 5]min, [2±1]min vs [10±1]min, P<0.05).Compared with the control group, the dissolution time of 5 drugs was cut down by 83%, 90%, 50%, 50%, 80%in experiment group. Conclusion Appropriate increase of solvent, loose powder, bubble reduction, special solvent and increased solution temperature contribute to shortening the dissolution time of insoluble drugs and improving the configura-tion efficiency of pharmacy intravenous admixture.

12.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 321-324, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-447165

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of arginase-1(Arg-1) and glypican-3 (GPC-3) combined examination in the differential diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC),metastatic carcinoma (MC) of liver and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC).Methods From January 2005 to December 2011,a total of 54 patients with HCC were selected,including 10 cases with high differentiation,25 cases with moderate differentiation and 19 cases with poor differentiation.At the same time,25 patients with MC of liver and 20 patients with ICC were selected.A total of 31 normal liver specimens were set as control.The expressions of Arg 1 and GPC-3 in the above tissues were detected by immunohistochemistry method.The sensitivity and specificity of the examination in the diagnosis of HCC were analyzed.Chi-square test was performed for count data analysis.Results The positive expression rate of Arg-1 in HCC,MC of liver,ICC and normal liver tissues was 87.0% (47/54),4.0% (1/25),5.0% (1/20) and 100.0% (31/31),respectively.The Arg 1 positive expression rate in HCC tissues was higher than that in other tumor tissues of non-HCC,and the difference was statistically significant (x2 =66.98,P<0.05).The positive expression rate of GPC-3 in HCC,MC of liver,ICC and normal liver tissues was 70.4% (38/54),12.0% (3/25),5.0% (1/20) and 0 (0/31),respectively.The GPC-3 positive expression rate in HCC tissues was higher than that in other tumor tissues of non-HCC and the difference was statistically significant (x2=37.98,P<0.05).The sensitivity and specificity of Arg-1 or GPC-3 positive in HCC diagnosis was 92.6% (50/54) and 86.7% (39/45).The sensitivity and specificity of both Arg 1 and GPC-3 positive in HCCdiagnosis was 64.8% (35/54) and 100.0% (45/45).Conclusion Arginase-1 and glypican-3 combined examination has an important value in HCC diagnosis and differential diagnosis.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-231852

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The aim of this study is to establish a transgenic mouse model for cleft palate relevant gene thyroid transcription factor-2 (TTF-2), which can be used to study palatal shelf development when the expression pattern and regular activation of TTF-2 is altered.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The C57BL/6J mouse TTF-2 gene was cloned through polymerase chain reaction (PCR) from the mouse genomic DNA. The TTF-2 gene was inserted into the expression vector pBROAD3-mcs to construct the recombinant expression vector pBROAD3-TTF-2. This expression vector was then microinjected into the male pronuclei of the fertilized mouse ovum. Thus, the TTF-2 transgenic mice model was established. The genotype of the transgenic mice was identified by PCR and Southern blot analysis. Immunohistochemistry identified the consistent expression of TTF-2 gene during its palatal shelf development.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>TTF-2 genes were microinjected into 982 fertilized ova. A total of 580 two-cell-stage embryos cultured and transplanted into the oviducts of 48 pseudopregnant female mice. Overall, 68 embryos were obtained for analysis. The genotype of the mice was determined through PCR and Southern blot analysis using genomic DNA extracted from tail biopsies of the transgenic fetus. A total of 13 TTF-2 transgenic mice were detected. The expression of TTF-2 gene during the palatal shelf development of the transgenic mice was consistently detected by immunohistochemistry.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The recombinant expression vector pBROAD3-TTF-2 was integrated into mouse genome through microinjection. The transgenic mouse in the palatal shelf that consistently expressed TTF-2 was successfully established and displayed a cleft palate phenotype.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cleft Palate , Disease Models, Animal , Female , Forkhead Transcription Factors , Genotype , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Transgenic , Thyroid Gland
14.
China Oncology ; (12): 438-445, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452298

ABSTRACT

Background and purpose: Arginase-1 (Arg-1) is an enzyme involved in the urea cycle. Research has shown that changed expression of Arg-1 plays an important role in the cellular metabolism and growth. The purpose of this research was to investigate the expression of Arg-1 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and to analyze its correlation with clinicopathological features. Methods: The expression of Arg-1 protein and mRNA in 31 samples of HCC, paracancerous liver tissues and 12 samples of normal liver was detected by Western blot and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The expression profiles of Arg-1 at protein level in 158 samples of HCC and paracancerous liver tissues were detected with high-throughput tissue microarray technique and immunohistochemistry. The relationships between Arg-1 expression and clinicopathological features were also analyzed. Results:The expression of Arg-1 mRNA and protein was signiifcantly decreased in HCC compared with the paracancerous liver tissues and normal liver tissues (F=57.83, 160.89; all P<0.01). The expression of Arg-1 in HCC was related to differentiation degree (F=10.41, 30.03; all P<0.01). And with tumor differentiation decreased, the expression level down-regulated. Immunohistochemistry revealed that Arg-1 protein was mainly located in the cytoplasm and nuclear. The expression rates of Arg-1 were 88%, 98.7%and 100%in HCC, paracancerous tissues and normal liver tissues, respectively. Statistical analysis revealed that Arg-1 protein staining rate was signiifcantly lower in tumor tissues than that in paracancerous tissues (χ2=14.7416, P<0.01) and normal liver tissues (χ2=4.1415, P<0.05). The Arg-1 expression was correlated with differentiation degree of HCC, vascular invasion and recurrence after operation (χ2=22.8459, 10.2639, 10.6368 respectively;all P<0.05), but not correlated with age, gender, the hepatitis B virus, the level of serum AFP, liver cirrhosis, diameter of tumor and tumor number. Conclusion:The expression level of Arg-1 is much lower in HCC than that in the paracancerous liver and normal liver. Moreover, Arg-1 expression level is closely related to tumor differentiation degree, metastasis and relapse. These data demonstrate that Arg-1 may play a negative role in the development of HCC.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-440257

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the value of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in the differential diagnosis of cystic pancreatic lesions.Methods Thirty-four cystic pancreatic lesions confirmed clinically or pathologically were collected,including 11 case of non-neoplastic pseudocyst,5 cases of simple cyst,6 cases of serous cystadenoma,10 cases of mucinous cystadenoma and 2 cases of mucinous cystadenocarcinoma.All the patients underwent routine serial MR and echo-planar DW imaging examination of the pancreas with b values of 0 and 600 s/mm2.The appearances of signal intensity of DWI with all cysts were recorded.ADC maps were reconstructed,and the ratio of the cysts and cyst-to-pancreas ADC (ADCR) were calculated.The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were constructed to evaluate the diagnostic value of ADC and ADCR.Results Among all the 16 non-neoplastic cysts,2 cysts were slightly hyperintense in DWI,and 14 cysts were isointense.Among all the 18 neoplastic cysts,17 cysts appeared slightly hyperintense or hyperintense in DWI,and 1 cyst was isointense.The difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P < 0.001).The ADC values of non-neoplastic and neoplastic cysts were (3.30 ± 0.30) × 10-3,(2.74 ± 0.34) × 10-3 mm2/s ; and the ADCR values of non-neoplastic and neoplastic cysts were 1.85 ± 0.20,1.31 ± 0.21,the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P < 0.001).The areas under the ROC curves of ADC and ADCR diagnosing neoplastic cysts were 0.94 ± 0.04,0.98 ± 0.02,respectively.An ADC of 3.105 × 10-3 mm2/s showed 81.3% sensitivity and 94.4% specificity for predicting neoplastic cysts.An ADCR of 1.525 showed 100% sensitivity and 88.9% specificity for predicting neoplastic cysts.Conclusions Diffusion-weighted imaging is of importance in the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of pancreatic cysts,and can be applied as a complementary tool for routine MRI.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250751

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the clinical effects of proximal femur intramedullary nail (PFNA) in treating intertrochanteric fracture in elderly patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January,2008 to December,2010,the data of 86 elderly patients (aged, 80 to 93 years) with intertrochanteric fracture who underwent internal fixation were retrospectively analyzed. Of them, 54 patients (22 males and 32 females) were treated with close reduction and PFNA internal fixation(PFNA group),and 32 patients (12 males and 20 females) were treated with open reduction and nail-plate internal fixation (control group). Operation time, volume of blood loss, postoperative complications, time of hospitalization and bone union, hip function were compared between two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients were followed up more than 2 years. Operation time, volume of blood loss, postoperative complications,time of hospitalization in PFNA group were less than that of control group (P<0.01). There was no significant difference in time of bone union between two groups (P>0.05). According to Harris score to evaluate the function of hip joint, PFNA group was better than that of control group (P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Treatment of elderly patients with intertrochanteric fractures with PFNA internal fixations can obtain satisfactory results, the method is better than that of traditional method.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Methods , Hip Fractures , General Surgery , Humans , Male , Nails , Recovery of Function
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-624592

ABSTRACT

To improve the quality of personnel training,carry out the complementary ascendancy and resource sharing,grasp the law and optimize the program of practice teaching,we designed the undergraduate practice teaching of 9 disciplines including clinical medicine,biotechnology,pharmacy,etc.,formulated the practice teaching pattern named "two-stage & two-model",and carried out the practice teaching step by step. The results show that the profession level and overall quality of students have been improved.

18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1178-1182, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-282705

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to construct a HA-1-DC nucleic acid vaccine and to induce anti-leukemia effect after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The dendritic cells (DCs) were generated from HSCT donors in vitro, and its immunologic activity was studied by using flow cytometry and mix lymphocyte reaction. HA-1 gene was electroporated into the cultured DCs to construct a DC nucleic acid vaccine. After transfecting for 48 hours, the expression of HA-1 protein was detected by Western blot. The DCs were cultured with isogenic lymphocytes to induce specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs). The cytotoxicity of the CTLs was detected by LDH assay. The results showed that the DCs derived from peripheral blood monocytes (PBMCs) expressed the DC phenotype, and were effective in stimulating proliferation of the allogenic lymphocytes. After electroporating for 48 hours, HA-1 protein was detected by Western blot. The cytotoxity of inducing CTLs was higher than that in the control group. It is concluded that the minor histocompatibility antigen HA-1 can be considered as a target of immunotherapy against leukemia after HSCT.


Subject(s)
Cancer Vaccines , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Cells, Cultured , Dendritic Cells , Cell Biology , Allergy and Immunology , Electroporation , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Leukemia , Allergy and Immunology , Therapeutics , Minor Histocompatibility Antigens , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Oligopeptides , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic , Allergy and Immunology , Transfection , Vaccines, DNA , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-622899

ABSTRACT

After the reform from "4+1" to "3+2",an undergraduate teaching model of clinical medicine,has been implemented in our university,higher demands are set on the training of students' abilities and creativity.This paper explored the basic medicine teaching from the perspectives of creative concepts,teaching staff,curriculum design and practice.

20.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 98-101, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244226

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the reference range of cerebrovascular hemodynamics indexes (CVHI) in a sampling population.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fourteen thousand, four hundred and eighty participants without history of stroke or exposure to risk factors were screened from 26 cities in Northeast China, North China, East China, Northwest China, South China, and Southwest China in the prospective study on stroke intervention. CVHI were checked and 95% confidence intervals were calculated using normal distribution methods, which were grouped by age, sex, area, and check positions.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Characteristics of CVHI 95% confidence intervals showed that low limit of carotid blood velocity as V(max), V(min), V(mean) decreased, but upper limit of cerebral RV, Zcv, WV, DR and CP increased with the increase of age. However, Q(mean) and DP did not show significant trends of age difference. Low limit of Q(mean), V(max) and upper limit of RV, DR, CP and DP in males were higher than that in females while upper limit of WV and Zcv in females were higher than that in males. Left carotid low limit of Q(mean), V(mean), V(max), V(min), and upper limit of WV, Zcv and CP were higher than that of the right but upper limit of RV, DR and DP were lower than that of the right. There were no obvious differences between areas.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Obvious differences of CVHI 95% confidence intervals ranges were found between age groups, sex, and checking positions, respectively, suggesting that the reference ranges of CVHI to be estimated by every subgroup.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aging , Physiology , Brain , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Hemodynamics , Physiology , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Reference Values
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