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1.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 659-665, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982113

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of a water-soluble novel dihydroartemisinin dimer containing nitrogen atoms SM 1044 on the apoptosis of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) resistant acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) NB4-R1 cells and its potential mechanism.@*METHODS@#The effects of SM 1044 on cell apoptosis, mitochondrial transmembrane potential, and the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) were assessed by flow cytometry. Expressions of apoptosis-related proteins were determined by Western blot. The effects of SM 1044 on MAPK (ERK, JNK) signaling pathway, PML/RARα fusion protein, and expressions of apoptosis-related proteins were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#SM 1044 could significantly induce apoptosis and the loss of mitochondrial transmembrane potential in NB4-R1 cells, and activate apoptosis-related proteins caspase-3, caspase-8, caspase-9 and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP). SM 1044 could also induce NB4-R1 cells to produce ROS. Western blot showed that SM 1044 activated the phosphorylation of MAPK (ERK, JNK) signaling pathway and down-regulated the expression of PML/RARα fusion protein.@*CONCLUSION@#SM 1044 can induce apoptosis of ATRA resistant APL NB4-R1 cells, which may be related to ROS/ERK and ROS/JNK signaling pathway, and can also induce by down-regulating PML/RARα fusion protein.


Subject(s)
Humans , Reactive Oxygen Species/pharmacology , Tretinoin/pharmacology , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute , Cell Line , Apoptosis , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion , Cell Differentiation
2.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 876-879, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957913

ABSTRACT

A 26-year-old male presented with tremor of bilateral shoulders and hands as the major symptom and also had cognitive and emotional abnormalities for more than 1 year, who was diagnosed as cerebral hepatolenticular degeneration (HLD) in Tongji Hospital of Huazhong University of Science and Technology in October 2021. The serum ceruloplasmin and urine copper levels of the patient were 0.023 g/L and 3760.00 μg/24 h, respectively, and the Kayser-Fleischer (K-F) ring was seen in the cornea. Genetic testing revealed a homozygous mutation of ATP7B gene c.2975C>T (p.Pro992Leu), while transcranial sonography (TCS) showed lenticular nucleus hyper-echogenicity. The literature was searched using hepatolenticular degeneration and transcranial sonography as key words; and 9 articles involving 150 HLD cases were obtained. The lenticular nucleus hyper-echogenicity was presented in 76.9% HLD patients (150/195), while only in 12.7% healthy subjects (17/134) ( P<0.001), suggesting that advanced transcranial sonography can detect the metal deposition and may be used for diagnosis of cerebral HLD.

3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 105-114, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940181

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the efficacy and safety of An'erning granules in the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia in children. MethodA randomized, double-blind, single-simulation, placebo-controlled trial was designed in this study. The children were randomly assigned into an observation group (An'erning granules combined with ceftriaxone sodium) and a control group (An'erning granules placebo combined with ceftriaxone sodium) according to the ratio of 2∶1. The disease cure rate was taken as the main indicator of efficacy, and the safety of An'erning granules was observed. ResultA total of 206 children (137 in the observation group and 69 in the control group) were included in this study. Before treatment, the age, sex, body height, body weight, diagnosis time of pneumonia, and symptom and sign scores had no significant differences between the two groups. After 8 days of continuous medication, the observation group[70.80%(97/137)] had higher cure rate than the control group[56.52%(39/69)](χ2=4.17,P<0.05) and total effective rate of chest X-ray [97.98%(97/99)] than the control group[86.27%(44/51)] (χ2=12.98,P<0.01). The observation group was superior to the control group in the alleviation of TCM syndrome under the condition of 0-3 g dose stratification on day 3 of medication (P<0.01). The recovery time, time to complete fever abatement, time to fever abatement and expectoration alleviation, rate of conversion to severe case, and reduction in the frequency of antibiotic use showed no significant differences between the two groups. In terms of safety, 13 and 7 adverse events occurred in the observation group and control group, respectively, which were relieved or disappeared after drug withdrawal or symptomatic treatment and showed no significant difference between the two groups. ConclusionIntravenous drip of ceftriaxone sodium combined with An'erning granules is effective in the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia in children. It can accelerate the absorption of pulmonary inflammation, alleviate the clinical symptoms in a short time for young children or the children with mild symptoms, and is safe in clinical application.

4.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 105-114, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940149

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the efficacy and safety of An'erning granules in the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia in children. MethodA randomized, double-blind, single-simulation, placebo-controlled trial was designed in this study. The children were randomly assigned into an observation group (An'erning granules combined with ceftriaxone sodium) and a control group (An'erning granules placebo combined with ceftriaxone sodium) according to the ratio of 2∶1. The disease cure rate was taken as the main indicator of efficacy, and the safety of An'erning granules was observed. ResultA total of 206 children (137 in the observation group and 69 in the control group) were included in this study. Before treatment, the age, sex, body height, body weight, diagnosis time of pneumonia, and symptom and sign scores had no significant differences between the two groups. After 8 days of continuous medication, the observation group[70.80%(97/137)] had higher cure rate than the control group[56.52%(39/69)](χ2=4.17,P<0.05) and total effective rate of chest X-ray [97.98%(97/99)] than the control group[86.27%(44/51)] (χ2=12.98,P<0.01). The observation group was superior to the control group in the alleviation of TCM syndrome under the condition of 0-3 g dose stratification on day 3 of medication (P<0.01). The recovery time, time to complete fever abatement, time to fever abatement and expectoration alleviation, rate of conversion to severe case, and reduction in the frequency of antibiotic use showed no significant differences between the two groups. In terms of safety, 13 and 7 adverse events occurred in the observation group and control group, respectively, which were relieved or disappeared after drug withdrawal or symptomatic treatment and showed no significant difference between the two groups. ConclusionIntravenous drip of ceftriaxone sodium combined with An'erning granules is effective in the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia in children. It can accelerate the absorption of pulmonary inflammation, alleviate the clinical symptoms in a short time for young children or the children with mild symptoms, and is safe in clinical application.

5.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 622-627, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888327

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To develop a universal screwdriver for sealing the end of the central hole of the femoral interlocking intramedullary nail, so as to shorten the operation time of the tail cap implantation of the intramedullary nail and improve the accuracy of implantation.@*METHODS@#Total 77 patients with intertrochanteric fractures underwent femoral interlocking intramedullary nail (FIIN) surgery from June 2018 to June 2019. There were 28 males and 49 females, aged 55 to 80 (76.22± 7.32) years old, and course of disease was 20 to 40 h. All patients were divided into universal screwdriver group (39 cases) and ordinary screwdriver group (38 cases) according to whether the self-developed universal screw was applicable during the operation. The blood loss during tail cap implantation, the time of tail cap implantation, the success rate of one-time implantation, and the postoperative curative effect were compared between two groups.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 12 to 36 months, with an average of(20.00±6.38) months. The bleeding volume and the time of tail cap implantation in the universal screwdriver group were significantly lower thanthose in the ordinary screwdriver group (@*CONCLUSION@#The universal screwdriver is easy to operate during the operation when using the cap of the femoral intramedullary nail, the operation time is shortened, the amount of bleeding is reduced, and the treatment effect is satisfactory.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Bone Nails , Femoral Fractures , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Fracture Healing , Hip Fractures/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
6.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 603-615, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878382

ABSTRACT

Large general hospitals currently play an increasingly important role in the diagnosis and treatment for acute critical patients and difficult diseases because of the development of dual referral system and hierarchical diagnosis, as well as the formation of medical treatment alliance. Patients with oral cancers are often associated with systemic diseases, which increases the complexity of the condition. Thus, meeting the demand through the traditional single medical model is difficult. As such, a multidisciplinary team (MDT) model has been proposed and has achieved a good clinical effect. To standardize the application of this model, we organized an event in which relevant experts discussed and formulated a consensus to provide standardized suggestions on the MDT process and the diagnosis and treatment of common systemic diseases as reference for clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Consensus , Mouth Neoplasms/therapy , Patient Care Team , Referral and Consultation
7.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 694-699, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870866

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between the changes of midbrain raphe nucleus echo and blood trace metals, non-motor symptoms in patients with Parkinson′s disease (PD).Methods:A total of 177 patients with PD were recruited from Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from November 2017 to December 2019. Their non-motor symptoms were assessed by a series of PD-related scales. All subjects completed transcranial color-coded sonography, and were divided into two groups according to the continuity of raphe nucleus echo. The difference of trace metals in peripheral blood and the scores of non-motor symptoms were analyzed.Results:The serum iron level of PD patients in the continuous echo of raphe nucleus group (117 cases; 15.33 (11.30, 18.93) μmol/L) was higher than that of the discontinuous group (60 cases; 12.52 (4.15, 16.00) μmol/L, t=-2.294, P=0.022), so was the scores of Scale for outcomes in PD for Autonomic Symptoms (34.00 (28.00, 39.00) vs31.00 (26.25, 36.00), t=-2.044, P=0.041). There was no significant difference in the level of serum copper, hemoglobin, ceruloplasmin, and the scores of Movement Disorder Society Unified Parkinson′s Disease Rating Scale, Parkinson′s Disease Sleeping Scale, 39 items Parkinson′s Disease Questionnaire, Hamilton Depression Rating Scale and Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale between the two groups. Conclusion:There was significant difference in serum iron levels and the scores of SCOPA-AUT between the two groups, but no difference in depression, sleep, and daily living ability.

8.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1112-1116, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865946

ABSTRACT

Objective:To design and compile quality evaluation questionnaire on problem-based learning (PBL) of Neurology and to test its reliability and validity.Methods:Referring to the framework of the evaluation system and according to the characteristics of the discipline, we designed the questionnaire on PBL of Neurology. The clinical medical students who participated in neurologic PBL course were taken as the objects of investigation. The reliability of the questionnaire and the reliability of internal consistency were tested. Correlation analysis and exploratory factor analysis were used to evaluate the validity of the questionnaire.Results:The questionnaire on PBL of Neurology included three first-level indicators: teaching plan quality evaluation, teaching method evaluation and teaching quality evaluation, containing 6 second-level indicators and 25 third-level indicators. The correlation coefficient ρ=0.990 ( P<0.01) showed that the retest reliability was good. The cronbach's α coefficient is 0.901, meeting the internal consistency reliability requirement. And the content validity correlation coefficient was 0.307-0.7 ( P<0.05), indicating that each third-level index had a significant correlation with the total score, and the questionnaire item design was good. The three first-level indicators were used as common factors to evaluate the structural validity by exploratory factor analysis and identify the direction of optimization. Conclusion:The questionnaire has good reliability and validity, which can be used as a tool for scientific evaluation on PBL of neurology, and also provide an optimization direction for further research in the future.

9.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 365-368, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745887

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation of substantia nigra hyperecho with essential tremor (ET) and Parkinson disease (PD).Methods The clinical data of 158 patients with ET or PD who underwent transcranial ultrasonography in Tongji Hospital from March 2016 to March 2018 were retrospectively analyzed.There were 35 patients with ET (ET group),113 patients with PD who had no previous history of ET (PD group),and 10 PD patients with previous history of ET (ET-PD group).And 58 healthy subjects served as controls (control group).The hyperechoic area of substantia nigra in different groups was compared.Results The hyperechoic areas of the substantia nigra were [0 (0,0)]cm2 (control group),[0.27(0,0.41)]cm2 (ET group),[0.33(0.21,0.40)]cm2 (ET-PD group) and [0.35(0.29,0.45)]cm2 (PD group);the differences between control group and ET group,between the ET group and PD group were statistically significant (Z=-5.24,P=0.01;Z=-3.09,P=0.02),and there were no significant difference between the ET group and ET-PD group,between ET-PD group and PD group (Z=-0.98,P=0.32;t=-0.98,P=0.33).The ratio of substantia nigra hyperechoic positive to negative in ET-PD group was 9.00 (9/1),while that in ET group was 0.94 (17/18) (OR=9.53,95% CI:1.09-83.43,x2=3.91,P=0.04).Conclusion Substantia nigra hyperecho is an objective imaging indicator for patients with ET and PD,and has a certain differential value for their diagnosis.

10.
Journal of Kunming Medical University ; (12): 83-89, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694566

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application of 3D printing combined with S-ROM total hip arthroplasty in the treatment of adult Crowe IV DDH. Methods Between September 2014 and June 2017, 10 patients of adult Crowe IV DDH were selected and divided into 3D group (5 cases) and non-3D group (5 cases) . There were 4 males and 6 females with an average age of 43.6 years (range,27-63years) . Harris scores were recorded in both groups before the operation, and in the group 3D, patients underwent spiral CT scanning to make the hip 3D models. According to the hip 3D models, the sizes of prosthesis and operation schemeswere estimated before the operation ,and the surgery simulation was performed. Then the S-ROM prosthesis was used for total hip arthroplasty. The actual situation of hip joint, the size of prosthesis,time of operation and blood loss were recorded.Harris Score at 1 week post-operationwere recorded again. All patients were followed up related postoperative complications for at least 2 weeks.Results The 3D printing models coordinated with the actual sizes of the hips in the3D group.The time of operation and blood loss were less than the non-3D group. Higher Harris score was observed at 1 week post-operation in the 3D group,compared to non-3D printing group.The follow-up showed that the motion of the hips was improved obviously. Conclusion The Application of 3D Printing combined with S-ROM total hip arthroplasty in the treatment of adult crowe IV DDH can improve efficiency and accuracy of the operation, shorten time of operation , reduce operative blood loss and rate of complications.

11.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 573-575, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772456

ABSTRACT

Acinic cell carcinoma is a relatively rare salivary gland tumor predominantly occurring in the major glands. Therefore, acinic cell carcinoma rarely occurs in the mandible. In this study, a case of primary acinic cell carcinoma of the mandible was reported, and relevant literature was reviewed. The etiology, clinical symptom, image and histological features, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of acinic cell carcinoma in the mandible were discussed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Acinar Cell , Diagnosis , Mandible , Pathology , Prognosis , Salivary Gland Neoplasms , Diagnosis
12.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 323-328, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808500

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of natural active compounds apigenin (API) on the proliferation of rat aortic vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and related mechanisms.@*Methods@#VSMCs of primary cultured SD rats were obtained and the cytotoxic effects of API (0, 10, 20, 40 and 80 μmol/L) was explored by CCK-8 method. Impact of LPS (0, 0.1, 1, 10 and 100 μg/ml) on VSMCs proliferation and the impact of API (0, 10, 20, 40 μmol/L) on LPS (10 μmol)-induced VSMCs proliferation by CCK-8 methods. Using EdU and FCM method, we observed the effect of API on proliferation of VSMCs induced by LPS. VSMCs proliferation and cell cycle were also assessed by EdU method and FACS in 10 μg/ml LPS, 10 μg/ml LPS+ 40 μmol/L API and equal volume DMSO treated VSMCs.@*Results@#(1) CCK-8 cell vitality test showed that cell vitality was not affected by 0-40 μmol/L API, while cell vitality was significantly reduced by 80 μmol/L API (57%), which was significantly lower than in blank group (P<0.05). (2) VSMCs proliferation was significantly promoted by 0.1, 1 and 10 μg/ml LPS and peaked in 10 μg/ml LPS stimulated VSMCs group, while VSMCs proliferation was significantly reduced in 100 μg/ml LPS stimulated group (P<0.05 vs. blank group). (3) LPS (10 μm/ml) induced VSMCs proliferation was not affected by 10 μmol/L API, which was significantly inhibited by 20 and 40 μmol/L API (both P<0.05 vs. LPS). (4) VSMCs proliferation assessed by EdU was significantly higher in LPS group than in blank group (P<0.01), which could be significantly reduced by cotreatment with API (P<0.01). (5) FACS results showed that percent of VSMCs in G0/G1 stage was significantly lower in LPS group compared to blank group (P<0.05), which could be significantly increased post API treatment (P<0.05 vs. LPS), while percent of VSMCs in S stage was significantly lower post API treatment in comparison with LPS group.@*Conclusion@#API can significantly inhibit LPS-induced proliferation of VSMCs, partly through inhibiting mitosis and inducing G0/G1 cell cycle arrest.

13.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 121-124, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613648

ABSTRACT

Correspondence between man and nature theory is the core of TCM chronomedicine, and also plays an important role in ancient Chinese philosophy. The theory believes that distinguishing the rhythm is the foundation of treatment; complying with nature is the core of treatment; taking advantage of wane and wax is the method of treatment. This article combined the physiological and pathological characteristics of children to review the prevention and treatment of pediatric diseases based on chronomedicine, with a purpose to provide inspirations for clinical treatment.

14.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 310-312, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-621509

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish an animal model by placing one end of PICC in the hepatic portal vein of a beagle dog and leaving the other end out of its body.Methods Six Beagle dogs were given respiration anesthesia through orotracheal intubation.An incision was made through the right rectus abdominalis to locate the superior mesenteric vein (SMA) and the main hepatic portal vein.The left branch of SMA was separated and cut to put PICC into the main hepatic portal vein before being ligated and fixed.The other end of PICC was elicited through the right abdominal wall and passed beneath the skin to the back neck and fastened in case of movement.Results The anesthetic effect was good and all the operations were successful.The mean operation time was about an hour and the mean blood loss was about 15 ml.The incision healed 5-7 d after operation.Conclusion The establishment of the model can improve the effects of liver-targeting drugs,which can cut down the dosage,lower the cost of treatment and experiment and reduce the adverse effect of medicines.Through PICC,we can directly draw blood from the hepatic portal vein to measure the blood concentration before the first pass elimination.Then according to the concentration,we can calculate the absorption rate in the gastrointestinal tract,which can facilitate related experimental studies.

15.
World Science and Technology-Modernization of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 1886-1890, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696116

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical effect of Xu's Liu Wei Xiaoqinglong Decoction on children's pneumonia with the syndrome of phlegm blocking in the lung.Method:86 cases were randomly divided into 2 groups,43 cases in each.Treatment group was treated by Liuwei Xiaoqinglong Decoction (granules),Control group was treated by San Ao Decoction (granules),both taken orally,twice per day,for 7 days.The clinical effects and syndrome integrals improvement were observed.Result:The total effective rate of the treatment group was 95.34% and it was 81.39% in the control group,the difference between the 2 groups was statistically significant (P<0.05).And the syndrome improvement of the treatment group was also significantly better than that of the control group.The disappearing time of major symtoms was statistically significantly shorter than that of the control group (P<0.05).Conclusion:Xu's Liu Wei Xiaoqinglong Decoction has certain effect on children's pneumonia with the syndrome of phlegm blocking in the lung and it should be applied in patient with simple syndrome of phlegm blocking in the lung,or in early stage of phlegm blocking in the lung,compared with cases with syndrome of phlegm blocking in the lung accompanied by spleen deficiency.

16.
Recent Advances in Ophthalmology ; (6): 1110-1113,1118, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669086

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the protective effect of brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) on Müller cells in the retina of diabetic rats.Methods A total of 54 healthy male SD rats were recruited and randomly divided into control group,diabetic group and BDNF group.Then a diabetic model was established by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin in rats of diabetic and BDNF groups.Preparation of BDNF injection was performed using PBS balanced salt solution containing 0.1 g · L 1 BSA.The BDNF group was given BDNF injection,while the control and diabetic group were injected with equal dose of PBS balanced salt solution 4 weeks after successful modeling.And after 8 weeks,the expression of L-glutamate/L-aspartate transporter (GLAST),glutamine synthetase (GS) and synaptophysin (SYN) were detected by immunofluorescence technique and Western blot,and the content of glutamic acid in retina was determined by glutamic acid determination kit.Results Compared with the control group,the expression of GLAST,GS and SYN were significantly decreased in diabetic group,and the content of glutamic acid was increased significantly (all P < 0.01).Compared with the diabetic group,the expression of GLAST,GS and SYN were increased in BDNF group,and the glutamate level was decreased significantly (all P <0.01).Conclusion In the early stage of diabetic retinopathy,administration of exogenous BDNF can unregulated the expression of GLAST,SYN and GS and improve the function of Müller cells to protect RGC against damage,suggesting that BDNF has neuroprotective effects on Müller cells in retina of rats with diabetic retinopathy.

17.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 23-27, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498213

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate and screen the concentration and coordination degree of the opinions of the experts in TCM pediatrics on the preventive method of Practice Guidelines to Prevent Disease for Recurrent Respiratory Tract Infections in Children Prevented by Sachet-Therapy;To formulate scientific and practical methods for perfume pouch wearing in this book. Methods Delphi method was applied to this research. All questionnaires were designed based on the literature research and distributed to more than 30 experts for 3 rounds. And the results in the first two rounds of survey were analyzed. Results Totally 31 and 33 valid questionnaires were received in the first and second time respectively. The experts’ activity index was 88.6% and 93.4% respectively. The perfume pouch wearing methods of Practice Guidelines to Prevent Disease for Recurrent Respiratory Tract Infections in Children Prevented by Sachet-Therapy was set down. And most of the experts shared a positive view on the concentration and coordination degree of this book. Conclusion The experts’ opinions upon this draft are quite positive. The experts are from all over China, and they are quite professional, with representativeness. The perfume pouch wearing methods of Practice Guidelines to Prevent Disease for Recurrent Respiratory Tract Infections in Children Prevented by Sachet-Therapy are generally recognized by the experts. However, there are still some different ideas in terms of some indexes, which need to be further discussed.

18.
Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine ; (12): 1469-1473, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286359

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the application effect of Chinese medical clinical pathway for treating attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and to provide evidence for further improving clinical pathways.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 270 ADHD children patients were recruited and treated at pediatrics clinics of 9 cooperative hospitals from December 2011 to December 2012. The treatment course for all was 3 months. Scores of attention deficit and hyperactivity rating scale, scores of behavior, Conners index of hyperactivity (CIH), and Chinese medical syndrome scores were compared between before and after treatment. The efficacy difference in various sexes, ages, and disease courses were evaluated by judging standards for Chinese medical syndrome and ADHD.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Fifteen children patients who entered clinical pathway dropped out, and the rest 255 completed this trial. Compared with before treatment, total scores of attention deficit and hyperactivity rating scale, scores of attention deficit and hyperactivity rating scale, CIH, and Chinese medical syndrome scores obviously decreased (all P < 0.01). The total effective rate in disease efficacy was 87.8% (224/255 cases), and the total effective rate in Chinese medical syndrome curative effect was 87.5% (223/255 cases). The clinical curative effect was not influenced by age, gender, or course of disease when statistically analyzed from judging standards for Chinese medical syndrome or for disease efficacy.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Intervention by Chinese medical clinical pathway could improve ADHD patients' symptoms, and its efficacy was not influenced by sex, age, or course of disease.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Attention , Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity , Therapeutics , Critical Pathways , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
19.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 21-24, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-468127

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the characteristics of TCM syndromes of children abnormal sweating;To investigate the correlation between diseases and primary and secondary syndromes. Methods Through a multi-center epidemiology investigation, 400 cases were collected to statistically analyze the five TCM syndromes of children abnormal sweating, and characteristics of each syndrome were analyzed. Results In the 400 cases of children abnormal sweating, there were 129 cases (32.25%) of dysfunction of lung-wei pattern, 50 cases (12.50%) of nutrient qi and defensive qi discordance, 84 cases (21.00%) of qi and yin deficiency pattern, 57 cases (14.25%) of dampness heat forced steamed pattern, and 80 cases (20.00%) of qi and yang deficiency pattern. Spontaneous sweating and night sweating were found in the four patterns besides qi and yin deficiency pattern, and night sweating can be mainly found in qi and yin deficiency. Each type is consistent in the syndrome differentiation and cluster analysis. Conclusion Spontaneous sweating and night sweating, each has the certification of yin and yang. Spontaneous sweating can be caused by yin deficiency while night sweating can be caused by yang deficiency. Each pattern of children abnormal sweating has its own syndrome characteristic, which can provide the basis for clinical diagnosis and treatment.

20.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 165-171, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351102

ABSTRACT

The study aimed to investigate the impact of intraclot recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) on perihematomal edema (PHE) development in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) treated with minimally invasive surgery (MIS) and the effects of intraclot rt-PA on the 30-day survival. We reviewed the medical records of ICH patients undergoing MIS between October 2011 and July 2013. A volumetric analysis was done to assess the change in PHE and ICH volumes at pre-MIS (T1), post-MIS (T2) and day 10-16 (T3) following diagnostic computed tomographic scans (T0). Forty-three patients aged 52.8±11.1 years with (n=30) or without rt-PA (n=13) were enrolled from our institutional ICH database. The median rt-PA dose was 1.5 (1) mg, with a maximum dose of 4.0 mg. The ratio of clot evacuation was significantly increased by intraclot rt-PA as compared with controls (77.9%±20.4% vs. 64%±15%; P=0.046). From T1 to T2, reduction in PHE volume was strongly associated with the percentage of clot evacuation (ρ=0.34; P=0.027). In addition, PHE volume was positively correlated with residual ICH volume at the same day (ρ ranging from 0.39-0.56, P<0.01). There was no correlation between the cumulative dose of rt-PA and early (T2) PHE volume (ρ=0.24; P=0.12) or delayed (T3) PHE volume (ρ=0.19; P=0.16). The 30-day mortality was zero in this cohort. In the selected cohort of ICH patients treated with MIS, intraclot rt-PA accelerated clot removal and had no effects on PHE formation. MIS aspiration and low dose of rt-PA seemed to be feasible to reduce the 30-day mortality in patients with severe ICH. A large, randomized study addressing dose titration and long-term outcome is needed.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Brain Edema , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Pathology , General Surgery , Cerebral Hemorrhage , Drug Therapy , Mortality , Pathology , General Surgery , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Tissue Plasminogen Activator , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome
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