Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 15 de 15
Filter
Add filters








Type of study
Year range
1.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 855-862, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921289

ABSTRACT

The present study was aimed to explore the correlation between θ-γ neural oscillations phase-amplitude coupling (PAC) in hippocampal CA3 area and the changes of spatial identifying and cognitive ability before and after shock avoidance training in rats. According to the results of Y-type maze shock avoidance training, the rats were divided into two groups: the fast avoidance response group and the general avoidance response group. The local field potential (LFP) of hippocampal CA3 area was recorded by wireless telemetry before and after shock avoidance training. The variation of θ oscillation (3-7 Hz) and low-γ neural oscillation (30-60 Hz) PAC in hippocampal CA3 area was analyzed by MATLAB wavelet packet extraction technique. The results showed that, compared with the general avoidance response group, the fast avoidance response group exhibited higher θ-γ neural oscillation PAC in hippocampal CA3 area before training. θ-γ oscillation PAC in hippocampal CA3 area was increased in both groups after training. It was also noticed that θ-γ neural oscillation PAC of some frequency bands in the general avoidance response group were significantly higher than those in the fast avoidance response group. The results suggest that certain intensity of training can change the spatial identifying and cognitive ability of rats, and the mechanism may involve the increase of the synchrony of θ-γ neural oscillation, i.e., the enhancement of θ-γ phase-amplitude alternating frequency coupling in hippocampal neurons.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cognition , Hippocampus , Neurons , Rats , Theta Rhythm
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876388

ABSTRACT

Objective To provide the basis for influenza epidemic prevention and control by monitoring the antibody level of influenza among the general population in Dapeng New District of Shenzhen City. Methods A total of 1 350 serum samples of people were collected ten times from 2014 to 2018, and the antibody level was tested by hemagglutination-inhibition test. Results During 2014-2018 years, only the positive rate of antibody to H3N2 was above 60%.The positive rates of H1N1, H3N2, BV and BY were 50.0%, 85.6%, 35.4% and 45.6%, respectively, and the geometric mean titers (GMT) of antibody were 8.2, 81.5, 3.9 and 6.4, respectively.Influenza antibody titers of 1 : 160 and 1 : 320 were mainly distributed in influenza H3N2.The antibody level of BV and BY in age group 0~4 years was 29.0% and 30.4% separately. Conclusion It is imperative to enhance the surveillance of antibody level of influenza among general population in Dapeng New District, to investigate the epidemic development trend of influenza constantly, and to prevent and control the outbreak of influenza epidemics.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669292

ABSTRACT

From the perspective of information technology,the paper designes and implementes the queuing & calling system in the complex environment of specialized hospitals according to actual circumstances and characteristics of out-patient and examination areas,and introduces the architecture,operating process,comparison of effects before and after the optimization,specific application of the system.After launched and used,the system can improve the order in various areas and enhance the satisfaction of both doctors and patients.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-254947

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the correlation between EEG characteristics of medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) and drug-seeking behavior of rats with morphine dependent place preference under shuttling condition.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty rats were randomly divided into four groups (n = 10): morphine PL group, NS PL group, morphine IL group and NS IL group. After embeding the electrode in prelimbic (PL) or infralimbic (IL) cortex of each group by brain stereotaxic operation, the model of morphine dependent conditioned place preference (CPP) in rats was established. The differences of EEG wave percentage in mPFC were telemetered and analyzed when rats shuttled before and after the model.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After the model, the withdrawal symptoms were evident in morphine PL and IL group, and the activity time and distance in white box were increased obviously. Compared with control group, after the model, the EEG in morphine PL group showed that: when the rats shuttled to white box, 8 wave decreased obviously, P wave increased obviously. When the rats shuttled to black box, brain waves showed opposite changes. The EEG in morphine IL group showed that: when the rats shuttled to white box, a wave increased obviously, P and a wave decreased obviously. When the rats shuttled to black box, the brain wave had no significant differences compared with control group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The EEG changes are different in PL and IL cortex of morphine CPP rats under shuttling condition, and the EEG changes are also different when rats shuttling to white or black box. There is possibly different mechanism, when different drug-seeking environmental cues caused EEG changes in different regions of mPFC.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Conditioning, Psychological , Cues , Drug-Seeking Behavior , Electroencephalography , Morphine Dependence , Prefrontal Cortex , Rats , Telemetry
5.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 487-496, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-255921

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the present study is to explore the relationship of spatial learning ability and specific electrical activities of neural oscillations in the rat. The fast and general avoidance response groups were selected on the basis of the animals' responses to the electric shock in Y type maze, and their local field potentials (LFPs) of hippocampal CA3 area were recorded by wireless telemetry before and after shock avoidance training, respectively. The components of neural oscillations related to spatial identifying and learning ability were analyzed. The results showed that, compared with the general avoidance response group, the fast avoidance response group did not show any differences of LFPs in hippocampal CA3 area before electric shock avoidance trial, but showed significantly increased percentages of 0-10 Hz and 30-40 Hz rhythm in right hippocampal CA3 area after the shock avoidance training (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05). Fast Fourier transform showed that percentage increase of 0-10 Hz band occurred mainly in θ (3-7 Hz) frequency, and 30-40 Hz frequency change was equivalent to the γ1 band. Furthermore, compared with those before training, only the percentages of β, β2 (20-30 Hz) and γ1 rhythm increased (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05) in fast avoidance response rats after training, while the θ rhythm percentage remained unchanged. In contrast, θ rhythm percentage and the large amplitude (intensity: +2.5 - -2.5 db) θ waves in right CA3 area of general avoidance response rats were significantly reduced after training (P < 0.01). These results suggest that the increased percentages of β2 and γ1 rhythm and high-level (unchanged) percentage of θ rhythm in the right hippocampus CA3 area might be related to strong spatial cognition ability of fast avoidance response rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Avoidance Learning , Beta Rhythm , CA3 Region, Hippocampal , Physiology , Electroshock , Gamma Rhythm , Rats , Spatial Learning , Theta Rhythm
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243435

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyse the relationship between the electrical activity changes of nucleus accumbens (NAc) shell and the drug-seeking behavior by recording NAc shell electrical activity in conditioned place preference (CPP) rats induced by morphine.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty SD rats were randomly divided into operation-only control group and the morphine-induced CPP group after stereotaxic electrode was buried on rats NAc shell and the latter group was used to establish the morphine CPP model(n = 20). A CPP video system combining with the technique of electrical activity wireless telemetry was used in the study. The NAc electrical activity from each group of rats was recorded by wireless telemetry respectively, which included staying in black or white chamber of video box, shuttling between black-white chambers and between white-black chambers. The electrical activity differences were analyzed by the percentage of each wave.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>When the morphine-induced rats staying in black chamber, compared with the operation-only control group, the NAc shell electrical activity showed that the percentage of 0 - 10 Hz was increased(P < 0.05), meanwhile, those of 10 - 20 Hz and 30 - 40 Hz were reduced(P < 0.05, P < 0.01); when the morphine-induced rats staying in white chamber, the NAc shell electrical activity showed that the percentage of 0 - 10 Hz and 30 - 40 Hz were increased(P < 0.05 , P < 0.01) , that of 10 - 20 Hz was reduced(P < 0.05 , P < 0. 01); when the morphine-induced rats in black- white shuttling status, the NAc shell electrical activity showed that the percentage of 0 - 10 Hz was increased(P <0.05, P <0.01), that of 10- 30 Hz was reduced( P <0.05); and in the white-black shuttling status, the electrical activity showed that the percentage of 0 - 10 Hz was reduced(P <0.05), that of 10 - 30 Hz was increased(P < 0.05) ; the electrical activity was further compared between staying status and shuttling status in the morphine-induced CPP group. There was no significant difference of electrical activity between the rats in white-black shuttling status and staying in white chamber. However, when rats in black-white shuttling status, compared with staying in black chamber, the electrical activity showed that the percentage of 0 - 10 Hz and 40 - 50 Hz were increased(P < 0.05), meanwhile, those of 10 - 20 Hz and 30 - 40 Hz were reduced(P <0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The electrical activity changes of NAc shell in morphine-induced CPP rats were different from those of the operation-only control group, and these changes might be associated to the rat's drug-seeking behavior.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Conditioning, Psychological , Drug-Seeking Behavior , Morphine , Pharmacology , Nucleus Accumbens , Physiology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Telemetry
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452486

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Joint replacement surgery becomes difficult because of the abnormal changes in hip joint, especial y on the acetabular side. Therefore, the treatment on acetabulum is very important during total hip arthroplasty in patients with hip dysplasia. OBJECTIVE:To investigate the clinical therapeutic effects of total hip arthroplasty with onlay bone graft for treatment of CroweIII and IV adult hip dysplasia. METHODS:A total of in 14 patients with adult hip dysplasia were retrospectively analyzed. According to Crowe method, there were 11 cases of type III and 3 cases of type IV. Al patients underwent total hip arthroplasty. Autologous femur neck was used to make an onlay bone graft around the acetabulum during replacement. Radiographs were analyzed after replacement and during fol ow-up. Clinical efficacy was assessed using Harris standard. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Al patients were fol owed up for 1-9 years, averagely 4.5 years. Bone graft was partial y absorbed within 1 year after replacement in 4 patients, and began to grow 2 years later. Radiographs showed that al bone graft was fused to host bone. The average coverage rate of bone grafts on acetabulum was 36%. None hip was needed to be rebuilt up to now. Harris score of hip joint function increased from 35 points (26-52 points) before surgery to 91 points during final fol ow-up. Total hip arthroplasty with onlay bone graft is an effective method in treatment of CroweIII and IV adult hip dysplasia.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-299779

ABSTRACT

Chemical constituents of ethyl acetate extract of Illicium burmanicum were isolated and purified by various chromatographic methods,including Silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, C18 reverse-phased silica gel, Preparative TLC and Preparative HPLC. Their structures were identified by spectral analysis including NMR and MS data. Fourteen compounds were separated from I. burmanicum and their structures were identified as 7S,8R-erythro-4,7,9,9'-tetrahydroxy-3,3'-dimethoxy-8-O-4'-neolignan (1), 7R,8R-threo-4,7, 9,9'-tetrahydroxy-3,3 '-dimethoxy-8-O-4'-neolignan(2) ,polystachyol(3), (-) -massoniresinol(4), angustanoic acid F (5), trans-sobrerol(6), (3S,6R) -6,7-dihydroxy-6,7-dihydrolinalool (7), (3S, 6S) -6,7-dihydroxy-6,7-dihydrolinalool (8), 2,6-dimethoxy-4-allyl-phenol (9), 3,5-dihydroxy4-hydroxy benzaldehyde (10), 3-hydroxy4-methoxybenzaldehyde (11), methyl vanillate (12), shikimic acid ethylester (13) and beta-sitosrerol (14). Except compound 14, the rest thirteen compounds were separated from this plant for the first time.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Illicium , Chemistry , Molecular Structure , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235352

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the abnormal expression of the proto-oncogene LMO2 affect the progression and metastasis mechanism of prostate cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A series of reporter gene expression vectors carrying different lengths and point mutations of E-cadherin promoter were constructed. These plasmids were separately co-transfected with LMO2 into Lncap cells and the luciferase activity was detected after 24 h.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The overexpression of LMO2 could significantly inhibit the activity of luciferase reporter gene of E-cadherin promoter about 50%. Truncated and point mutation study showed that this was mainly through E-box sites in the promoter region -204/-198.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The proto-oncogene LMO2 can affect the progression and metastasis mechanism of prostate cancer by transcriptional inhibition of E-cadherin.</p>


Subject(s)
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing , Genetics , Metabolism , Cadherins , Genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Genetic Vectors , Humans , LIM Domain Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Male , Neoplasm Metastasis , Point Mutation , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Prostatic Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism
10.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 751-755, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278319

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinicopathologic features, immunophenotyping, differential diagnoses and prognosis of histiocytic sarcoma (HS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical and pathologic findings of 4 cases of HS were reviewed. The samples were used for paraffin section, HE stain, immunohistochemistry stain by EnVision method, electron microscope observation. Follow-up information was available in all patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The age of patients, 2 males and 2 females, ranged from 22 to 65 years old (median, 43.25 years). The sites of involvement included lymph node (2 cases), skin or soft tissue (1 case) and colon (1 case). The tumor cells were widespread infiltration, diffused distribution, no adhesion to each other. Tumor cells were middling and large, round, orbicular-ovate, polygon, epithelium appearance, plentiful cytoplasm and acidophilia, cystose. Nucelus was round, orbicular-ovate, dissymmetry. Nuclear chromatin was vacuole appearance, basophilia nucleolus, caryocinesia and pathological mitotic figure. Three of the cases showed conjugate nuclei, increased pleomorphism with multinucleated tumor giant cell formation. Focal cytoplasmic with foamy appearance was identified in 2 cases. One case demonstrated foci of spindly sarcomatoid appearance. Hemophagocytosis was identified in 2 cases. The tumor cells of 4 cases were often accompanied by various numbers of inflammatory cells. Immunohistochemical study showed that all cases were diffusely positive for α-1-ACT, CD68, CDl63 and lysozyme. Three of 4 cases also expressed CD45, CD45RO. The electron microscope results of 4 cases showed that the tumor cells were plentiful cytoplasm and a few cytolysosome in the cytoplasm, and no birbeck cytorrhyctes, cell-cell junction and digitation. Amongst the 4 patients with follow-up information available, three died of the disease 6-13 months after diagnosis. One patient, whose lesion was localized at the skin and soft tissue, survived at the present time.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>HS was a scarce malignant tumor with mature histiocyte morphology and immunophenotype character. The diagnosis should be based on tissue morphology, immunohistochemistry and electron microscope observation to exclude other disorders.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Diagnosis, Differential , Female , Histiocytes , Pathology , Histiocytic Sarcoma , Diagnosis , Pathology , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Immunophenotyping , Male , Microscopy, Electron , Middle Aged , Young Adult
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-402464

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Many internal fixations,such as dynamic hip screw,Gamma screw,proximal femoral nail,angle steel plate,as well as locking proximac femoral plate,are utilized in treating intertrochanteric fractures,especially the dynamic hip screw However,the failure rate is gradually increased.OBJECTIVE:To explore the application and clinical efficacy of total hip replacement for the treatment of elderly intertrochanteric fracture fixation after failure of dynamic hip screw.METHODS:A total of four cases with intertrochanteric fractures were treated by total hip replacement after failure of dynamic hip screw fixation was selected.According to Evans typing,one case were type Ⅱ,two cases were type Ⅲ A,and one case was typeⅢB.Internal fixation displacement could be found at half to 1 year after dynamic hip screw fixation.Because of bone disunion,coxa adducta and pain,the patients could not walk.Sequentially,total hip replacement was performed with 45°abduct angle and10°-15°anteversion angle The clinical efficacy was evaluated by Harris scoring criteria.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:All the cases were operated smoothly,with 1.5-2 hour operation duration and 400-600 mL blood loss.No case appeared allergic response to bone cement.By 3-12 months follow-up,4 successful operative cases do not appear prosthesis loosening,subsidence and are satisfied with well hip function.The average Harris score were 81 points.The results revealed that application of total hip replacement after the failure of DHS in elderly intertrochanteric fracture fixation,which shortened the time patients stay in bed to reduce complications and improved the hip joint function.

12.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1084-1088, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-398322

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the feasibility of the diagnosis of the early immunologic rejection after xeno-islet transplantation by MR imaging enhanced with superparamagnetic iron oxide(SPIO)marking CD4+T cell antibody.Methods Two thousand neonatal porcine islets(NPI)were transplanted under the left renal capsule of BALB/C nude mice.When the grafts could be observed bv MRI.107 human PBMC was intraperitoneal injected to nude mouse models to reconstitute the human immunologic system,20 mice were reconstituted.Before and 3,7,14 days after reconstitution of human immunologic system on BALB/C nude mice,MRI imaging Was performed half an hour after intravenous injection of nano-immunomagnetic beads via vena caudalis to observe the grafts'MRI signal.BALB/C nude mice were sacrificed after MRI scanning immediately,the histopathologic examination was assessed on grafts,the results were compared with MRI results.And calculate the sensitivity,specificity,Youden index number and coincidence of the MRI for immunologic rejection.Results Grafts can be observed bv MRI 3 weeks after islet cell transplantation (before immunologic rejection modeling),there is no abnormal MRI signal detected in nude mice'graft region after mierobeads injected.Seven days after building of immunologic rejection model,MRI hypo-signal in graft site is shown in the T2 WI sequence after nano-bioprober injected.Histopathologic assessments were employed on grafts in nude mice immediately(HE and immunohistochemistry staining),the results shown that there are a lot of T lymphocyts infiltrated in graft region.implying the occurrence of immunologic rejection.And the sensitivity,specificity,Youden index number and coincidence is:(72.96±0.24)%,100%,0.73±0.24,(88.46±0.13)%respectively.The correct Kappa between the MRI and the imunohistochemistry staining was 0.76.Conclusion The cellular immunological rejection to xeno-islet grarts can be assessed with nano-bioprobe with anti-CD4+ antibody MR imaging,real time,and noninvasively.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813805

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the potential risk of porcine endogenous retrovirus (PERV) cross-species transmission xenotransplanted with microencapsulated neonatal pig islets (NPIs).@*METHODS@#Ten dogs were randomly divided into an experiment group and a control group. The experiment group was transplanted with microencapsulated NPIs, and the control group was transplanted with non-microencapsulated NPIs. Glucose tolerance test (GTT) was performed to evaluate the function of microencapsulated NPIs after the transplantation; immunity histochemistry was used to detect the microencapsulated NPIs in the liver of dogs which had been transplanted after 28 days; PCR and RT-PCR were performed to detect PERV and pig mitochondrial (mt) DNA in the blood samples obtained from recipients at various time points after the transplantation.@*RESULTS@#The level of serum special porcine C peptide increased significantly after the injection of glucose for 15 approximately 30 min in dogs which were transplanted with the micro-encapsulated NPIs over 2 weeks, while special porcine C peptide could not be detected in the control group. Immunity histochemistry showed that a few microencapsulated NPIs were still alive in the liver of the dog, and the liver was not damaged. PCR and RT-PCR showed that pig mt DNA and PERV could not be detected in the experiment group 1 approximately 28 days after the transplantation, while very weak expression of that in the control could be detected in the first 4 days and disappeared 10 days after the transplantation.@*CONCLUSION@#Microencapsulated NPIs can survive and have biological function in dogs. There is no evidence of PERV replication, suggesting that the xenotransplantation with microencapsulated NPIs can prevent PERV effectively, and may have great value.


Subject(s)
Animals , DNA, Mitochondrial , Dogs , Endogenous Retroviruses , Physiology , Islets of Langerhans , Virology , Islets of Langerhans Transplantation , Liver , Virology , Swine , Transplantation, Heterologous , Virus Replication
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515659

ABSTRACT

Hypoglossal nuclei of tree shrews were studied by the cholerogenoid horseradish peroxidase(CB-HRP)technique Transverse and longitudinal sections were made through the medulla oblongata, and the labelled ceils of the hypoglossal nucleus were studied under a microscope. The nucleus, 1.3-1.4mm in length, is divided into two parts. The upper two-thirds is located in the deep of the eminentia medialis of the fossa rhomboidea and the lower onethird lies ventrilateral to the closed part of the fourth ventricle. Labelled cells in each part may be divided into medial and lateral groups.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515655

ABSTRACT

20 gerbils were subjected to ischemia for 20 minutes by bilateral occlusion of the common carotid arteries.The animals survived for 1 week or 1 month. By means of tile fast frozen section and stained with crystal violet, in many of the gerbils delayed neuronal deathin the CA1 pyramidal cells were found, while in 8 gerbils no clear ishemic changes were found under a light microscope. In order to clarify ischemic changes still further,the CA1 of Hipp was examined under the electron microscpe and many pathological changes were observed. The cytoplasm of the pyramidal cells was filled with stacks of rough endoplasmic reticulum(RER)and many granules were disconnected from RER. Cisternae of the Golgi apparatus showed reactive products. Lipofuscin granules increased; and the condensation of the mitochondria was remarkable.In addition, the changes of glia cells and cepillaries were observed.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL