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1.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 855-861, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985604

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate body mass index (BMI) level, identify the main type of nutritional problem, and describe the population distribution characteristics of BMI among Chinese people aged 80 years or above. Methods: The data of 9 481 oldest-old individuals were obtained from the 2017-2018 Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey. The Lambda-Mu-Sigma method, weighted estimates of BMI, and comparisons by BMI quintiles were used to describe the BMI level and distribution characteristics among the oldest-old. Results: The average age of the participants was (91.9±7.7) years, with P50 of the weighted BMI at 21.9 (95%CI: 21.8-22.0) kg/m2. The result of BMI level showed a decreasing trend with age, with a rapid decline before age 100, and then the trend became slower. There are about 30% of the oldest-old classified as undernutrition, but the prevalence of overnutrition is only about 10%. The population distribution characteristics by BMI quintiles showed the oldest-old with lower BMI levels were likely to have the following characteristics: sociodemographically, to be older, female, ethnic minority, unmarried/divorced/widowed, rural residents, illiterate, with inadequate living expenses, located in Central, South, or Southwest China; regarding lifestyles, lower BMI levels were observed for participants who were smoking, not exercising, lack of leisure activities, or with poor dietary diversity; considering functional status, participants with lower BMI levels were those who have poor chewing ability, disability in activities of daily living, cognitive impairment, hearing loss, visual impairment, or poor self-rated health status. The oldest-old with higher BMI levels were likely to have heart disease, hypertension, cerebrovascular disease, and diabetes. Conclusions: The overall BMI level was low among the Chinese oldest-old and it showed a downward trend with age. Currently, the main nutritional problem among the Chinese oldest-old was undernutrition rather than overweight or obesity. Management of healthy lifestyles, functional status, and diseases would be helpful to reduce the risk of undernutrition among the oldest-old.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Activities of Daily Living , Body Mass Index , East Asian People , Ethnicity , Malnutrition , Minority Groups , Centenarians , Nonagenarians
2.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 976-982, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985504

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the characteristics of viral infections in children with diarrhea in Beijing from 2018 to 2022. Methods: Real-time PCR and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay were used to detect viral nucleic acid of Norovirus (NoV), Sappovirus (SaV), Astrovirus (AstV), Enteric Adenovirus (AdV) or antigen of Rotavirus (RV) in 748 stool samples collected from Beijing Capital Institute of Pediatrics from January 2018 to December 2021. Subsequently, the reverse transcription PCR or PCR method was used to amplify the target gene of the positive samples after the initial screening, followed by sequencing, genotyping and evolution analysis, so as to obtain the characteristics of these viruses. Phylogenetic analysis was performed using Mega 6.0. Results: From 2018 to 2021, the overall detection rate of the above five common viruses was 37.6%(281/748)in children under 5 years old in Beijing. NoV, Enteric AdV and RV were still the top three diarrhea-related viruses, followed by AstV and SaV, accounting for 41.6%, 29.2%, 27.8%, 8.9% and 7.5%, respectively. The detection rate of co-infections with two or three diarrhea-related viruses was 4.7% (35/748). From the perspective of annual distribution, the detection rate of Enteric AdV was the highest in 2021, while NoV was predominant in the other 4 years. From the perspective of genetic characteristics, NoV was predominant by GⅡ.4, and after the first detection of GⅡ.4[P16] in 2020, it occupied the first two gene groups together with GⅡ.4[P31]. Although the predominant RV was G9P[8], the rare epidemic strain G8P[8] was first detected in 2021. The predominant genotypes of Enteric AdV and AstV were Ad41 and HAstV-1. SaV was sporadic spread with a low detection rate. Conclusion: Among the diarrhea-related viruses infected children under 5 years of age in Beijing, the predominant strains of NoV and RV have changed and new sub-genotypes have been detected for the first time, while the predominant strains of AstV and Enteric AdV are relatively stable.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Humans , Infant , Beijing/epidemiology , Diarrhea/epidemiology , Feces , Norovirus/genetics , Phylogeny , Rotavirus/genetics , Virus Diseases/epidemiology , Viruses/genetics
3.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 536-539, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991357

ABSTRACT

In the online teaching of Biochemistry course, a variety of network resource platforms (such as Zhihuishu learning network, teleconference, WeChat, QQ, etc) were used to establish a learning community. The teaching content and teaching plan were carefully designed and implemented, enriching the knowledge system of the learning community. And then blending teaching was performed through the combination of live broadcasting and online interaction. In addition to teaching students the basic knowledge of biochemistry, it is also combined with clinical cases and life examples to interact and discuss with students in various forms, giving full play to the advantages of learning community and improving the quality and effect of online learning.

4.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 81-87, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990141

ABSTRACT

Objective:Based on the business reengineering theory, to construct the emergency nursing process of acute massive hemoptysis in hospital and explore the effect of it.Methods:According to the order of hospitalization, 200 patients with acute massive hemoptysis admitted to the emergency department in Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital Affilated to Tongji University from January to June in 2020 were selected as the control group, and the original treatment process was adopted. Two hundred patients admitted to the emergency department of this hospital from July to December in 2020 were selected as the experimental group, and the reconstructed in-hospital emergency nursing process for acute massive hemoptysis was applied. In both groups, the researchers recorded the time spent in each sub-process by using the in-hospital treatment time record of acute massive hemoptysis and collected the clinical outcomes of patients through electronic cases. The time-consuming, treatment efficiency and patient outcome of each link of the treatment process in the backyard of the two groups were compared.Results:Finally, 192 patients were enrolled in the control group and the experimental group. The median time from admission to intravenous use of hemostatic drugs and from admission to endovascular treatment in the experimental group were 21.50(20.00, 22.50) and 82.50(79.50, 84.50) min, which were lower than those in the control group which spent 40.87(37.06, 44.43) and 135.50(123.50, 147.00) min, and the differences between the two groups were statistically significant ( Z=-16.84, 16.63, both P<0.01). The incidence of asphyxia caused by acute massive hemoptysis in the experimental group was 4.2%(8/192), which was lower than that in the control group, which was 13.0%(25/192) . There was a statistically significant difference in the incidence of asphyxia between the two groups( χ2=9.58, P<0.01). Conclusions:The emergency nursing process of acute massive hemoptysis effectively shortens the time of in-hospital treatment of acute massive hemoptysis, further promotes the seamless connection of multiple links of in-hospital treatment of acute massive hemoptysis, and improves the overall efficiency of in-hospital treatment of patients with acute massive hemoptysis.

5.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 13-16, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989595

ABSTRACT

Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) belongs to the category of "consumptive disease" in TCM, and its occurrence is based on "internal deficiency" of the body causing by the tumor. Its nature is intermingled deficiency and excess. Its pathogenesis is the deficiency of qi, blood, yin and yang and zang-fu viscera dysfunction caused by disorders of "rise and fall of middle qi" and kidney origin depletion. The theory of "treating overstrain syndrome with warming methods" originates from Huang Di Nei Jing, which proposes that warming methods are the basic methods of treating consumptive disease. Therefore, starting from the cause and pathogenesis of CRF, this article sorted out the theoretical origin of "treating overstrain syndrome with warming methods", and discussed the clinical application of warming methods for the treatment of CRF combining with modern clinical research, with the purpose to provide references for clinical practice.

6.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 385-388, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986803

ABSTRACT

With the increasing number of obese patients worldwide, metabolic and bariatric surgery (MBS) has quickly become an effective way to treat obesity and related metabolic diseases such as type 2 diabetes, hypertension, lipid abnormalities, etc. Although MBS has become an important part of general surgery, there is still controversy regarding the indications for MBS. In 1991, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) issued a statement on the surgical treatment of severe obesity and other related issues, which continues to be the standard for insurance companies, health care systems, and hospital selection of patients. The standard no longer reflects the best practice data and lacks relevance to today's modern surgeries and patient populations. After 31 years, in October 2022, the American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery (ASMBS) and the International Federation for the Surgery of Obesity and Metabolic Disorders (IFSO), the world's leading authorities on weight loss and metabolic surgery, jointly released new guidelines for MBS indications, based on increasing awareness of obesity and its comorbidities and the accumulation of evidence of obesity metabolic diseases. In a series of recommendations, the eligibility of patients for bariatric surgery has been expanded. Specific key updates include the following: (1) MBS is recommended for individuals with BMI≥35 kg/m2, regardless of the presence, absence, or severity of co-morbidities; (2) MBS should be considered for individuals with metabolic diseases and BMI 30.0-34.9 kg/m2; (3) the BMI threshold should be adjusted for the Asian population:: BMI≥25 kg/m2 suggest clinical obesity, and BMI ≥ 27.5 kg/m2 population should consider MBS; (4) Appropriately selected children and adolescents should be considered for MBS.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Humans , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/surgery , Bariatric Surgery , Obesity/surgery , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Weight Loss
7.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 133-138, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-962633

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the clinical efficacy of Qiju Dihuangtang combined with Chinese medicine fumigation in the treatment of dry eye and its effect on the levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) in tears. MethodA total of 120 patients with dry eye of liver-kidney Yin deficiency syndrome who were treated in the Department of Ophthalmology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning University of Traditional Chinese Medicine(TCM) from october 2019 to october 2021 were randomized into the observation group and control group. The control group was given sodium hyaluronate eye drops, and the observation group was treated with sodium hyaluronate eye drops, Qiju Dihuangtang, and Chinese medicine fumigation. The treatment lasted 30 days for both groups. The changes of ocular surface disease index (OSDI), TCM syndrome score, tear secretion (SIT), tear film breaking up time (BUT), corneal fluorescein staining (FL), and tear interleukin-6 (IL-6) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) were observed. ResultAfter the treatment, the total effective rate was 90.0% (54/60) in the observation group and 75.0% (45/60) in the control group (χ2=4.675, P<0.05). After treatment, the OSDI score and TCM syndrome score were lower than those before treatment in both groups (P<0.05), and lower in the observation group than in the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the SIT and BUT were higher (P<0.05) and FL score was lower (P<0.05) than those before treatment in both groups. After treatment, the improvement of the above indicators in the observation group was better than that in the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the levels of IL-6 and MMP-9 were lower than those before treatment in both groups (P<0.05), and lower in the observation group than in the control group (P<0.05). ConclusionQiju Dihuangtang combined with Chinese medicine fumigation can effectively improve subjective symptoms, promote tear secretion, prolong BUT, enhance corneal epithelial repair, and reduce the levels of tear IL-6 and MMP-9 in the treatment of dry eye.

8.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 903-908, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982362

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Health workers are at risk of workplace violence, which can seriously affects their mental health and work status. This study aims to explore the mediating role of depression between workplace violence and job burnout among healthcare workers.@*METHODS@#From January 10 to February 5, 2019, a questionnaire was distributed to frontline healthcare workers through the wenjuanxing platform using convenient sampling (snowball sampling). The questionnaire included the Chinese version of the Workplace Violence Scale, Maslach Burnout Inventory, and Patient Health Questionnaires (PHQ-2). Descriptive statistics, correlation analysis, and mediation model tests were conducted on the cross-sectional data collection.@*RESULTS@#The study included 3 684 participants, with (31.63±7.69) years old. Among them 2 079(56.43%) were experienced workplace violence, 687(18.65%) were screened positive for depression, and 2 247(60.99%) were experienced high levels of occupational burnout. Correlation analysis showed positive association between workplace violence and depression, workplace violence and occupational burnout, depression and occupational burnout (r=0.135, r=0.107, r=0.335, respectively, all P<0.001). After controlling for covariates, workplace violence had an indirect effect on occupational burnout through depression, with a standardized coefficient of 0.25 (SE=0.02, 95% CI 0.21 to 0.28), accounting for 13.87% of the total effect.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The study highlights the close relationship between workplace violence, depression, and occupational burnout among healthcare workers, with depression acting as a mediator between workplace violence and occupational burnout. This study suggests that it is necessary to improve the communication skills of healthcare workers, increase the installation of security systems and emergency plans, use new media platforms to convey positive energy between doctors and patients, and open channels for medical consultation and complaints. It is also necessary to provide guidance for healthcare workers' depressive emotions. Addressing depression among health care workers will help reduce the harm caused by workplace violence, protect the physical and mental health of healthcare workers, and reduce work burnout.


Subject(s)
Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Burnout, Professional , Cross-Sectional Studies , Depression/epidemiology , Workplace Violence , Burnout, Psychological , Health Personnel
9.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 634-640, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985455

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the association of plasma vitamin B12 level with plasma uric acid level among the elderly over 65 in 9 longevity areas of China. Methods: The elderly over 65 years old with complete information on plasma vitamin B12 and plasma uric acid from Healthy Aging and Biomarkers Cohort Study (2017 to 2018) were recruited in this study. Information on socio-demographic characteristics, life styles, diet intake, and health status were collected by questionnaire and physical examination; and fasting venous blood was collected to detect the levels of plasma vitamin B12, uric acid and other indicators. Multiple linear regression models were used to analyze the association of plasma vitamin B12 level per interquartile range increase with plasma uric acid level. The association trend of plasma vitamin B12 level with plasma uric acid level was described by restrictive cubic splines fitting multiple linear regression model. Multiple logistic regression models were used to analyze the association of plasma vitamin B12 level stratified by quartiles with hyperuricemia. Results: A total of 2 471 participants were finally included in the study, the age was (84.88±19.76) years old, of which 1 291 (52.25%) were female. The M (Q1, Q3) level of plasma vitamin B12 was 294 (203, 440) pg/ml and the plasma uric acid level was (341.01±90.46) μmol/L. A total of 422 participants (17.08%) were defined with hyperuricemia. The results of multiple linear regression model showed that there was a positive association of plasma vitamin B12 level with plasma uric acid level after adjustment for covariates (P<0.05). An IQR increase in plasma vitamin B12 (237 pg/ml) was associated with a 6.36 (95%CI: 2.00-10.72) μmol/L increase in the plasma uric acid level. The restrictive cubic splines curve showed a positive linear association of log-transformed plasma vitamin B12 with uric acid level (P<0.001). Conclusion: There is a positive association of plasma vitamin B12 level with plasma uric acid level among the elderly over 65 years old in 9 longevity areas of China.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Male , Vitamin B 12 , Uric Acid , Cohort Studies , Hyperuricemia , Vitamins , Folic Acid
10.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 626-633, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985454

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the association of the levels of high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) with frailty and its components among the elderly over 65 years old in 9 longevity areas of China. Methods: Cross-sectional data from the Health Ageing and Biomarkers Cohort Study (HABCS, 2017-2018) were used and the elderly over 65 years old were included in this study. Through questionnaire interview and physical examination, the information including demographic characteristics, behavior, diet, daily activity, cognitive function, and health status was collected. The association between hs-CRP and frailty and its components in the participants was analyzed by multivariate logistic regression model and restrictive cubic spline. Results: A total of 2 453 participants were finally included, the age was (84.8±19.8) years old. The median hs-CRP level was 1.13 mg/L and the prevalence of frailty was 24.4%. Compared with the low-level group (hs-CRP<1.0 mg/L), the OR (95%CI) value of the high-level group (hs-CRP>3.0 mg/L) was 1.79 (1.35-2.36) mg/L. As for the components, the hs-CRP level was also positively associated with ADL disability, IADL disability, functional limitation and multimorbidity. After adjusting for confounding factors, compared with the low-level group, the OR (95%CI) values of the high-level group for the four components were 1.68 (1.25-2.27), 1.88 (1.42-2.50), 1.68 (1.31-2.14) and 1.39 (1.12-1.72), respectively. Conclusion: There is a positive association between the levels of hs-CRP and the risk of frailty among the elderly over 65 years old in 9 longevity areas of China. The higher hs-CRP level may increase the risk of frailty by elevating the risk of four physical functional disabilities, namely ADL disability, IADL disability, functional limitation and multimorbidity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Frailty/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , China/epidemiology
11.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 181-186, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928884

ABSTRACT

As an important auxiliary tool for amputees to gain abled limb functions, prosthetic limbs with decoration or feedforward control channel could not meet the needs. In order to enable the prosthesis to deliver the information, includes temperature, pressure, position, shape and so on, a variety of sensory feedback methods have been integrated into the prosthesis. According to the position of the feedback terminal on the human body, the perceptual feedback systems include invasive and noninvasive sensory feedback. This review presents the research progress of these perceptual feedback techniques, and summarizes the problems in the application in artificial limbs. Finally, the development trend of sensory feedback technology in prostheses is prospected.


Subject(s)
Humans , Amputees , Artificial Limbs , Feedback, Sensory , Prosthesis Design , Technology
12.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 528-533, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958288

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the risk factors for the most common adverse events, i.e. abdominal pain and distension in sedation-free colonoscopy.Methods:This was a multicenter clinical study, in which clinical data of patients including outpatients and inpatients who underwent selective sedation-free colonoscopy at six gastrointestinal endoscopy centers from July 2017 to December 2019 were collected, including patients' general information, complicating diseases, examination time, examination results, and occurrence of adverse events of abdominal pain and distension. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression was performed to analyze the risk factors for adverse events of abdominal pain and distension during sedation-free colonoscopy.Results:A total of 2 394 patients underwent sedation-free colonoscopy, among whom 690 (28.8%) suffered from abdominal pain, and 1 151 (48.1%) experienced abdominal distension. The results of multivariate logistic analysis showed that overweight ( OR=1.33, 95% CI:1.09-1.62, P=0.005), obesity ( OR=1.55, 95% CI:1.14-2.11, P=0.005) and combination of hypertension ( OR=1.58, 95% CI:1.23-2.02, P<0.001) were independent risk factors for abdominal pain during sedation-free colonoscopy, and overweight ( OR=1.40, 95% CI:1.17-1.68, P<0.001) and combination of hypertension ( OR=1.39,95% CI:1.10-1.76, P=0.006) were independent risk factors for abdominal distension during sedation-free colonoscopy. Conclusion:Obesity, overweight and combination of hypertension are independent risk factors for abdominal pain, and overweight and combination of hypertension are independent risk factors for abdominal distension during sedation-free colonoscopy.

13.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 642-646, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958237

ABSTRACT

Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-targeted therapy has greatly improved the prognosis of HER2-positive breast cancer. HER2-targeted therapy combined with chemotherapy dominated by trastuzumab+ pertuzumab is important in the neoadjuvant therapy, postoperative adjuvant therapy and late-stage standard treatment for HER2-positive breast cancer. Antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) and tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have further improved the efficacy of therapy. However, advanced breast cancer will eventually get a recurrence or drug resistance. HER2-positive breast cancer is characterized by moderate immunogenicity with the presence of large tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs), which provides a theoretical basis for immunotherapy. The application of HER2-targeted cancer vaccines and immune checkpoint inhibitors is promising and would offer more treatment options for the patients.

14.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 41-44, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990605

ABSTRACT

Systemic therapy is the preferred treatment option for advanced primary hepatic carcinoma, and the results of clinical study IMbrave150 suggesting the superiority of atezolizumab combined with bevacizumab for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma. The authors introduce the clinical experience of one patient with postoperative recurrent primary hepatic carcinoma who was treated with atezolizumab plus bevacizumab followed by radiotherapy. The results reveal that the efficacy as stable disease during immunotherapy combination of targeted therapy and partial response after radiotherapy, and the patient tolerating well with a high quality of life.

15.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 1446-1451, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990577

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical outcome and influencing factor of one-anastomosis duodenal switch (OADS) for obesity.Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinical data of 104 obesity patients who underwent OADS in the China-Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University from October 2018 to June 2021 were collected. There were 42 males and 62 females, aged 33(range, 18?66)years. The clinical outcome of each patient was evaluated using Textbook Outcome (TO). Observation indicators: (1) treatment situations for patients; (2) TO situa-tions; (3) analysis of factors affecting postoperative TO. Follow-up was conducted using outpatient examination or telephone interview to detect postoperative complication of patients up to November 2021. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was conducted using the t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M (range), and comparison between groups was conducted using the Wilcoxon rank sum test. Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison between groups was conducted using chi-square test. Multivariate analysis was conducted using the binary Logistic regression model. Results:(1) Treatment situations for patients. All 104 patients under-went OADS without conversion to laparotomy or death of patient. The operation time and duration of postoperative hospital stay of the 104 patients were (187±39)minutes and 6(range, 4?55)days, respectively. Two of the 104 patients were readmitted. The experiences of surgeons on OADS was (53±30)cases. There were 82 patients underwent OADS using the Da Vinci robotic surgical system, while there were 22 patients underwent OADS using laparoscopic surgery system. The complication rate of 104 patients was 7.69%(8/104). Cases with stage Ⅱ, stage Ⅲb and stage Ⅳ complications of the Clavien Dindo classification were 5, 2 and 1, respectively. (2) TO situation. Of the 104 patients, 62 cases achieved TO, while 42 cases did not achieve TO. The operation time, retention time of abdominal drainage tube, duration of postoperative hospital stay, experiences of surgeons on OADS, number of OADS for surgeons using Da Vinci robotic surgical system were (166±26)minutes, 0(range, 0?7)days, 6(range, 4?7)days, 62±28, 54 in patients achieved TO, versus (218±34)minutes, 3 (range, 0?11)days, 8(range, 5?55)days, 38±27, 28 in patients not achieved TO, showing significant differences in the above indicators between them ( t=?8.81, Z=?3.63, ?5.33, t=4.27, χ2=6.27, P<0.05). Cases with complications were 0 in patients achieved TO, versus 8 in patients not achieved TO, showing a significant difference between them ( P<0.05). (3) Analysis of factors affecting postoperative TO. Results of multivariate analysis showed that the experiences of surgeons on OADS was an independent influencing factor for postoperative TO in patients undergoing OADS ( odds ratio=1.04, 95% confidence interval as 1.01?1.06, P<0.05). Conclusions:OADS is safe and feasible for obesity patients with low postoperative complication incidence and satisfactory clinical outcome. The experiences of surgeons on OADS is an independent influencing factor for postoperative TO in patients undergoing OADS.

16.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 659-667, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935340

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 has spread all over the world. Streptococcus pneumoniae as a common pathogen of community-acquired pneumonia shares similar high-risk susceptible populations with COVID-19. Streptococcus pneumoniae co-infection is a key risk factor for severe COVID-19 and death. Pneumococcal vaccination has a beneficial impact on reducing the incidence and mortality of COVID-19. The vaccination rate of streptococcus pneumoniae is still low in China. Streptococcus pneumoniae vaccination may be one of effective strategies in the management of COVID-19 for high-risk population such as the elderly and those who have underlying chronic diseases.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , COVID-19 , Coinfection , Pneumococcal Infections/prevention & control , Streptococcus pneumoniae , Vaccination
17.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 169-174, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933619

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and carotid artery stenting (CAS) in perioperative, medium and long term prognosis of patients with carotid artery stenosis.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on 1 329 cases of carotid artery stenosis treated at Department of Vascular Surgery, Beijing Anzhen Hospital from Jan 2011 to Aug 2020, as all cases being divided into CAS group and CEA group.Results:There were significant differences in age ( t=0.098, P=0.023) and drinking habits ( χ2=8.055, P=0.005) between the two groups. There were more unstable plaques in CEA group ( χ2=4.392, P=0.038), and more bilateral lesions in CAS group ( χ2=9.673, P=0.038). In perioperative period, there were more mannitol use in CEA group ( χ2=78.614, P<0.001), more incision/puncture site complications ( χ2=5.158, P=0.035), lung infection ( χ2=6.355, P=0.013), cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome (CHS) ( χ2=5.158, P=0.035) and extracranial nerve injury ( χ2=23.760, P<0.001) in CEA group than in CAS group, and more acute renal failure in CAS group ( χ2=10.393, P=0.001). There was no significant difference in survival rate and ischemic stroke, myocardial infarction, cerebral hemorrhage and renal insufficiency between the two groups (all P>0.05). The mean survival time of CAS group was 53.195 months (95% CI: 52.040-54.350), and 54.492 months (95% CI: 53.790-55.195) in CEA group ( P=0.051). Conclusions:Patients in CEA group had more unstable plaque and a lower perioperative stroke rate. CEA group had higher risk of CHS,while CAS was with lower postoperative lung infection rate and less wound local complications. There was no significant difference in long-term survival between the two groups.

18.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 161-168, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932390

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the feasibility and applicability of using phospholipid-hybridization method for preparing biomimetic microbubbles (Bio-MBs) ultrasound contrast agents.Methods:Leukocyte biomimetic microbubbles (MB leu), platelet biomimetic microbubbles (MB pla) and erythrocyte biomimetic microbubbles (MB ery) were prepared by multiple steps: film-hydration, phospholipid-hybridization, mechanical oscillation. The size and zeta potential of Bio-MBs were measured by dynamic light scattering. A laser scanning confocal microscopy experiment was performed to confirm the presence of membrane proteins on the shell of Bio-MBs. The fluorescence of FITC-labeled typical membrane protein was evaluated using a flow cytometer. Sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis was used to characterize the membrane protein. Biosafety of Bio-MBs was evaluated by CCK-8 counting kit, blood and major organs. The contrast enhancement effect and stability were observed in vitro and in vivo. An in vivo fluorescence imaging system was performed to evaluate the distribution of Bio-MBs. The application value of biomimetic microbubbles was measured by ultrasound molecular imaging by using ischemia-reperfusion rat models and acute hepatitis rat models. Results:Bio-MBs with spherical shape distributed homogenously, without obvious aggregation. The membrane proteins were successfully integrated into the shell of Bio-MBs.The diameter of three Bio-MBs was similar to that of control microbubbles (MB con) ( P>0.05), three Bio-MBs had a lower zeta potential than MB con ( P<0.05). The Bio-MBs had an appreciable performance in vitro and in vivo biosafety. The Bio-MBs retained the main proteins inherited from cell membrane. Contrast enhanced ultrasound imaging in vitro and in vivo showed that the Bio-MBs had a stable imaging ability.MB leu and MB pla have good targeted imaging effect in two disease models. Conclusions:A series of Bio-MBs ultrasound contrast agents, which have high stability, biosafety and targeted imaging efficiency, were successfully prepared by using phospholipid-hybridization method. This fabrication method for obtaining Bio-MBs can be applied to different clinical scenarios with different cell types in the future.

19.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 483-495, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939876

ABSTRACT

The pathological hallmarks of psoriasis involve alterations in T cell genes associated with transcriptional levels, which are determined by chromatin accessibility. However, to what extent these alterations in T cell transcriptional levels recapitulate the epigenetic features of psoriasis remains unknown. Here, we systematically profiled chromatin accessibility on Th1, Th2, Th1-17, Th17, and Treg cells and found that chromatin remodeling contributes significantly to the pathogenesis of the disease. The chromatin remodeling tendency of different subtypes of Th cells were relatively consistent. Next, we profiled chromatin accessibility and transcriptional dynamics on memory Th/Treg cells. In the memory Th cells, 803 increased and 545 decreased chromatin-accessible regions were identified. In the memory Treg cells, 713 increased and 1206 decreased chromatin-accessible regions were identified. A total of 54 and 53 genes were differentially expressed in the peaks associated with the memory Th and Treg cells. FOSL1, SPI1, ATF3, NFKB1, RUNX, ETV4, ERG, FLI1, and ETC1 were identified as regulators in the development of psoriasis. The transcriptional regulatory network showed that NFKB1 and RELA were highly connected and central to the network. NFKB1 regulated the genes of CCL3, CXCL2, and IL1RN. Our results provided candidate transcription factors and a foundational framework of the regulomes of the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chromatin/genetics , Chromatin Assembly and Disassembly , Gene Regulatory Networks , Psoriasis/genetics , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory
20.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 1014-1022, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970096

ABSTRACT

In order to investigate the feasibility of in vitro screening the antitumor activity of natural compounds by trypsin, porcine trypsin was used to for screening test, which is marked by inhibition of enzyme activity. Four compounds, namely daidzin, genistin, matrine and oxymatrine, were selected as test subjects. The natural antitumor drug camptothecin was used as the control. The inhibitory effect was detected by two experimental methods: direct detection of trypsin activity inhibition and hydrolysis of bovine serum albumin by trypsin. The results showed the inhibitory effects of the four natural compounds on trypsin, and the inhibition rates of the four natural compounds were significantly different. The enzyme activity assay showed that the inhibitory effect of matrine was better than that of oxymatrine, indicating that trypsin had a good screening resolution. The inhibitory effect was significantly increased with the increased ratio of sample to trypsin, suggesting the structure-activity correlation and dose-effect correlation of the screening methods. Altogether, the experimental method of screening antitumor activity of natural compounds by trypsin has good application values. Since porcine trypsin is similar to human trypsin in terms of molecular structure and performance, it is more applicable for screening of antitumor efficacy of natural pharmacodynamic compounds.


Subject(s)
Humans , Trypsin/chemistry , Alkaloids/pharmacology
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