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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906524


Objective:To analyze the chemical constituents in Euodiae Fructus by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS). Method:The chromatographic separation was performed on an ACQUITY UPLC BEH C<sub>18</sub> column (2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm) with acetonitrile (A)-0.1% formic acid aqueous solution (B) as mobile phase (0-3 min, 6%A; 3-4 min, 6%-10%A; 4-7 min, 10%-12%A; 7-8 min, 12%-14%A; 8-13 min, 14%-15%A; 13-15 min, 15%-20%A; 15-18 min, 20%-30%A; 18-21 min, 30%-49%A; 21-25 min, 49%-51%A; 25-27 min, 51%-73%A; 27-30 min, 73%-80%A; 30-31 min, 80%-100%A; 31-32 min, 100%A) for gradient elution. The column temperature was 35 ℃, and the flow rate was 0.4 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>. Mass spectrometry was performed using an electrospray ionization and data were collected in positive and negative ion modes, and the detection range was <italic>m</italic>/<italic>z</italic> 100-1 200. The chemical constituents in Euodiae Fructus were identified rapidly and comprehensively based on the accurate relative molecular mass and combined with literature data and reference substances. Result:A total of 92 chemical constituents were speculatively identified from the 70% methanol extract of Euodiae Fructus, including 39 alkaloids, 19 flavonoids, 12 limonoids, 20 phenolic acids and 2 organic acids. Among them, 26 compounds were confirmed by the reference substances. Conclusion:The compound types of Euodiae Fructus are multiple and quite different in polarity. The chemical compositions of Euodiae Fructus from different regions and species are similar. The established method is rapid and accurate, with which the chemical compositions of Euodiae Fructus have been identified comprehensively. Therefore, this study provides an experimental reference for further clarifying active and toxic constituents of Euodiae Fructus.

Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1157-1164, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779708


An ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UHPLC-Q-TOF/MS)method has been established to analyze the bioactive components of the aqueous extract of Euodiae Fructusand detect the metabolites in rats after oral administration of the aqueous extract. Compounds were detected by analyzing their retention times, high resolution mass data, mass spectra and comparing with the reference substances. As a result, 27 compounds were characterized from the aqueous extract of Euodiae Fructus, and 25 compounds were identified on the basis of the reference substances. 16 parent compounds and 35 metabolites were detected in rats' plasma, urine and feces samples, and all of the parent compounds were determined unambiguously through comparison with the reference substances. Four classes of compounds were identified from the aqueous extract of Euodiae Fructus, including phenolic acids, limonins, flavonoid glycosides and alkaloids. Phenolic acids, flavonoid glycosides and alkaloids were detected in rats' plasma, urine and feces, while limonins were detected in the urine and feces. The main metabolism pathways of these compounds in rats might include hydroxyl, hydrogenation, methylation, sulfating, glucuronidation, and so on. The results of this study provide references in the material basis of Euodiae Fructus in vivo.