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Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 990-996, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909968


Objective:To investigate the related factors of vertebral body height reloss after pedicle screw fixation of thoracolumbar fracture and to determe the optimum prediction point.Methods:A retrospective case control study was made on 215 patients with thoracolumbar fracture admitted to Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from January 2010 to December 2017. There were 155 males and 60 females,aged 21-80 years[(48.6±10.4)years]. According to Denis fracture classification,there were 73 patients with compression fractures(type A in 15 patients,type B in 51,type C in 7),135 burst fractures(type A in 28 patients,type B in 87,type C in 20)and flexion distraction fractures(type A in 4,type B in 2,type C in 1). All patients were treated by pedicle screw fixation. Follow-up lasted for 12- 48 months[(23.8±8.2)months]. Vertebral body height loss occurred in 86 patients(loss group),but did not in 129 patients(non-loss group). The two groups were compared concerning sex,age,osteoporosis self-assessment tool for Asians(OSTA),body mass index(BMI),fracture types,number of fractured vertebrae,preoperative sagittal Cobb angle,preoperative degree of vertebral compression,number of screws placed in injured vertebrae,extent of vertebral reset and other related factors. Univariate analysis was used to identify the correlation of those factors with vertebral body height reloss. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the independent factors for the height reloss with the receiver operating characteristic curve(ROC)and area under the curve(AUC)calculated to evaluate the optimum point in prediction of vertebral height reloss.Results:The two groups showed no significant differences in sex,age,BMI,fracture types,number of injured vertebrae,preoperative sagittal Cobb angle and number of screws placed in injured vertebrae( P>0.05),but the differences were statistically significant in OSTA,preoperative degree of vertebral compression and extent of vertebral reset( P<0.05). According to the univariate analysis,OSTA,preoperative degree of vertebral compression and extent of vertebral reset were significantly correlated with the occurrence of vertebral body height reloss( P<0.05). According to the multivariate Logistic regression,OSTA( OR=1.109,95% CI 0.527-0.685, P<0.05)and preoperative degree of vertebral compression( OR =0.038,95% CI 0.539-0.689, P<0.05)were significantly related to vertebral body height reloss. The AUC relating OSTA and preoperative degree of vertebral compression to vertebral body height reloss was 0.604 and 0.614,respectively. The optimum prediction point of OSTA and preoperative degree of vertebral compression for vertebral body height reloss was 1.9 and 31.3%,respectively. Conclusions:OSTA and the preoperative degree of vertebral compression are independent risk factors for vertebral body height reloss. OSTA≤1.9 or preoperative degree of vertebral compression ≥31.3% indicates a significantly higher risk of postoperative vertebral body height reloss.

Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 27-30, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711627


Objective To study the surgical method of repairing the defects of the hand with the free antero-lateral thigh perforator flap without carrying the source of blood vessels and the fascia. Methods From February, 2013 to October, 2016, 8 cases of hand defects with tendon and bone exposure.Looking for the thickest perforator in the anterolateral thigh region by using the Multidetector computed tomography angiography(MDCTA)and color Doppler Sonography(CDS). Find the perforator in the superficial fascia,cut a small part of the fascia lata and vastus lateralis,cut off the pedicle at the musculocutaneous perforator.Cover the defects with flap after debridement. Regular follow-up include:the healing of the wound,the texture,shape and sensation of the skin flap, the scar and complica-tions of the donor area. Results All flaps survived in 8 cases, in one case,there are 1.0 cm necrosis in the distal flap, after debridement, direct suture. All patients were followed up for 6-12 months. The flaps were soft and normal color, restore the protective touch. The donor site healed well, linear scar, no itching and dysfunction. Conclusion Free anterolateral thigh perforator flap without source blood vessels and fascia lata is a good method for the repair of hand defects.

Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 556-558, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735010


Objective To investigate the clinical effect of microsurgical repair after ring avulsion injuries. Methods From March, 2009 to December, 2014, 6 cases (6 fingers) of ring avulsion injury were repaired. There were 4 males and 2 females with an age range of 18-30 (mean, 22) years, which were 4 cases of ring finger and 2 cas-es of middle finger. The plane of injury was metacarpophalangeal band. Fracture and dislocation was reduced and fixed if damage fingers following with fracture and dislocation of interphalangeae.The damage ligament and volar plate and extensor tendon was repaired. The digital arteries and veins were repaired, and the digital nerves were sutured. System rehabilitation exercise carried out postoperatively. Results All fingers survived, and were followed-up for 8 to 30 months. The appearance of the fingers was excellent. The avarege range of motion of the proximal interpha-langeal was 80°(ranged from 70°to 100°).The distal interphalangeal was 50°(ranged from 40°to 60°).The sensory re-covery of finger pulp ranged from S3to S3+.The two-point discrimination was 5 mm to 12 mm. According to the Eval-uation Criteria for Finger Replantation and Reconstruction Issued by Chinese Hand Surgery of Chinese Mdical Associ-ation, 4 fingers had excellent while 2 had fairly good function. Conclusion Microsurgical repair of ring avulsion injury can achieve satisfactory clinical results by rehabilitation exercises postoperatively.

JCPSP-Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan. 2016; 26 (12): 975-979
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-183363


Objective: To describe the applications and effects of electromagnetic navigation [EN] technology in distal locking for the treatment of long diaphyseal fracture [LDF] with interlocking intramedullary nailing [IIN]

Study Design: An interventional study

Place and Duration of Study: The Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, China, from March 2013 to July 2014

Methodology: Patients who underwent IIN-LDF were selected. Twenty-four [50%] of whom were operated under EN guidance [group A] and the other 24 [50%] under conventional targeting guidance [group B]. The distal locking time and X-ray irradiation time of the two groups were compared

Results: Each group included 16 [33.3%] cases of femoral fracture and 8 [16.7%] cases of tibial fracture. The success rate of distal locking in group A was higher than that in group B [95.8% vs. 83.3%, p=0.045]. There were statistically significant differences in the distal locking time and X-ray irradiation time of femoral intramedullary nailing between the two groups [p=0.027 and p=0.001, respectively]. There were no statistically significant differences in the distal locking time and X-ray irradiation time of tibial intramedullary nailing between the two groups [p=0.347 and p=0.056, respectively]

Conclusion: EN-IN was advantageous as it enabled easy targeting, significantly reduced intraoperative fluoroscopy and operation time and small trauma and had other advantages when used for treating LDFs, especially femoral diaphyseal fractures

Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 264-268, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466058


Objective To investigate influence of ginsenoside Rb1 on the proliferation and bioactivity of olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs).Methods OECs were primary cultured and purified from olfactory bulb of the adult SD rats.MTT assay was used to detect proliferation of OECs treated with ginsenoside Rb1 (intervention concentrations of 0,10,20,40,and 80 μg/ml and intervention time of 12,24,36,48,and 60 hours).Optimal concentration and intervention time of ginsenoside Rb1 was determined and performed in the succedent experiments.Purified cells were divided into blank control group and ginsenoside Rb1 group.RT-PCR was utilized to determine mRNA expressions of nerve growth factor (NGF),brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF),glial derived neurotrophic factor(GDNF) and neural cell adhesion molecule (N-CAM) in the two groups.ELISA analysis was performed to measure secretion levels of NGF,BDNF and GDNF in the cultural supernatant.Results MTF analysis suggested ginsenoside Rb1 promoted proliferation of OECs with optimal effect at 20 μg/ml concentration for 48 hours (0.648±0.019,P < 0.05).RT-PCR analysis demonstrated that mRNA expressions of NGF,BDNF,GDNF and N-CAM were significantly up-regulated in ginsenoside Rb1 group compared to those in blank control group (0.620 ± 0.011 vs 0.180 ± 0.011,0.511 ± 0.090 vs 0.293 ± 0.051,0.343 ± 0.042 vs 0.064 ± 0.005,0.839 ± 0.017 vs 0.717 ± 0.044) (P < 0.05).ELISA analysis confirmed that secretions of NGF,BDNF and GDNF was increased in Rb1 group compared to those in blank control group (200.167 ± 8.361 vs 51.467 ± 3.815,156.700 ± 4.190 vs 96.500 ± 2.707,26.264 ± 5.864 vs 4.917 ± 10.894,P < 0.05).Conclusion Ginsenoside Rb1 significantly promotes proliferation and bioactivity of OECs and hence benefits to spinal cord injury repair.

Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 32-35, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-431385


Objective To evaluate the clinical effects of free fibula and flap grafts on the repair of all the first metatarsal bone at one stage.Methods There were 9 cases with the first metatarsal bone defect from Janurary 2003 to December 2009 that treated with free vascularized fibular bone and free vascularized flap at one stage.In which 6 cases reconstructed at the primary stage and 3 cases reconstructed at the second stage.Seven cases reconstructed by free vascularized fibular combined with ALTPF,two cases reconstructed by free vascularized fibular combined with TAPF.The free vascularized fibular and flap restored the first metatarsal bone and the soft tissue defects respectively.Vascular anastomosis was the artery of flap anastomosis with anterior tibial artery and the vein of the flap anastomosis with great saphenous vein,the peroneal artery and accompany vein anastomosis with artery and vein of the flap.Results The grafted tissues survived smoothly in 8 cases,vein crisis happened in I case and the ALTPF necrosis after blood vessels expedition.So the TAPF was changed to cover the soft defect and survived smoothly.Followiy-up were done from 6 to 36 months in 9 cases.There were no ulcer on flaps and no fracture again,the fibulas had been bone healing.Evaluated by Maryland standards,six cases were excellent,two cases were fine,one case was good.Conclusion The fibula combined flap grafts provide a relatively better alternative to repair the first metatarsal bone compound tissue defects at one stage.In addition,the procedure decreased frequency of operations and short the course of treatment.Sensory function reconstruction of fibula flaps should be given full attention.As fine function of the reconstructed foot,it is a effective method for reconstruction the burdened area of the foot.

Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 8787-8791, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-406820


BACKGROUND: With the advancements in helical CT myelography and computer image postprocessing, virtual medical imaging has acquired good outcomes in the diagnosis and treatment of complex cervical spondylosis. OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects and significance of helical CT myelography on multiplanar and three-dimensional reconstruction of virtual anatomical models of cervical spondylosis. DESIGN, TIME AND SETTING: The present computer three-dimensional reconstruction, gold standard control study was performed at the Second Hospital Affiliated to Soochow University between January 2001 and January 2006. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty patients with complex cervical spondylosis, who had received surgery, were employed for this study. METHODS: Virtual anatomical model of cervical spondylosis was established by multiplanar and three-dimensional reconstruction through the use of helical CT myelography in 20 patients. Scanning and reconstruction results were used for pre-surgery disease condition evaluation and virtual surgery. In addition, surgical intuitionistic results were considered gold standard to evaluate the accuracy and efficacy of virtual anatomical models. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The accuracy and efficacy of virtual anatomical models. RESULTS: Virtual anatomical models could concurrently show bony and membranate vertebral canals. These exhibited comprehensive and minute bony anatomic structure of cervical vertebrae and anatomic information regarding dura mater, spinal cord, and nerve sleeve for pre-surgery evaluation and virtual surgery. The imaging virtual anatomic information was in accordance with practical anatomical information in patients. CONCLUSION: Virtual anatomical model can be used to comprehensively evaluate the disease condition of cervical spondylosis and simulate the surgery due to its intuitionistic, vivid, and accurate display of anatomy of cervical vertebrae.

Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12)2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-684616


Objective To report microsurgical treatment of severed palm caused by crush injury. Methods From 1998 to 2002, 14 patients with severed palm and destructive crush injury were treated in our hospital. According to the specific severity and level of different injuries, replantation of severed palm with vessel transfer, replantation of fingers to the distal forearm with resection of wrist and palm, replantation of severed palm combined the thumb reconstruction were applied to reserve a maximal part of hand or fingers. Results Of the 14 cases of replantation, 3 experienced death of middle or index finger and the others all survived. The follow up of 11 cases lasted more than 6 months. After functional exercises, 10 cases recovered the function of pinch, and 1 case nearly regained normal functions. All of them regained sensation and the two point discrimination was 8 to 10 mm. Conclusion Reasonable replantation for severed palm with crush injury is still a method to regain part of hand functions.