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1.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 190-193, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869621

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics of nephrogenic adenoma of the bladder.Methods:The clinical and pathological data of 8 patients with bladder nephrogenic adenoma, during the period from July 2016 to June 2019, were retrospectively analyzed. Patients’ age were 33 to 71 years old and the average age was 55, including 5 males and 3 females. The clinical manifestations were hematuria in 7 cases, urinary tract irritation in 6 cases, and no obvious symptoms in 1 case. There were 7 cases with cystitis, 3 cases with urolithiasis, 2 cases with bladder cancer, 1 case with invasive colonic mesentery fibroma, and 1 case without other complications. 5 cases had the history of urological operation. The predilection site was the lateral wall with 5cases; 5 cases were solitary; the average maximum diameter of the tumor was 0.9 cm (range 0.1-1.8 cm). Under cystoscope, papillary mass can be seen, the surface is bright red, the pedicle is not obvious, the papilla is thick and short, easy to bleed when touching; some of them are scattered and lichen like changes. All patients received transurethral resection of bladder mucosa.Results:Pathological examination shows that the bladder mucosa showed chronic inflammation, interstitial edema, granulation tissue hyperplasia, eosinophil infiltration and metaplasia of mesonephroid epithelium. All of the 8 patients were followed up by telephone for 2 to 38 months, with an average of 17.1 months. So far, neither recurrence has been detected.Conclusions:The diagnosis of nephrogenic adenoma of the bladder depends on pathological examination. It must be totally removed during operation. The recurrence and malignancy should be treated in time after operation.

2.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 291-294, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709241

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of regular doses of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) on intestinal barrier function in the elderly.Methods The elderly hospitalized patients with acidrelated disorders were retrospectively analyzed from April to December 2016 in Department of Geriatrics,the General Hospital of Guangzhou Military Command.Based on the criteria of inclusion and exclusion,all patients received the stomachoscopy examination,and received PPI orally for more than 1 month.The treatment continued for 1-6 months.The blood status was routinely examined at pre-and post-treatment,including the level of liver function,C reactive protein (CPR),procalcitonin (PCT),diamine oxidase (DAO),D-lactate acid and serum endotoxin.Results A total of 88 elderly patients aged 80-96 years were involved.Most patients took PPI for 1 month.The levels of alanine aminotransferase,aspartate amino transferase,CPR and PCT were mostly normal after 1 month of treatment.Meanwhile,there were the comparabilities between the post-and pre-treatment groups in levels of DAO[(6.53±3.00) vs.(6.23±2.42) U/L;t=-0.91,P=0.37],of D-lactate acid[(7.31 ±3.67) vs.(7.62±3.35) mg/L;t=0.73,P=0.47]andof serum endotoxin[(11.69±5.98) vs.(10.97±5.76) U/L;t=-1.66,P=0.10]without statistical significance.Additionally,after 23 patients took PPI for 6 months,there were no statistical significances between the pre-and post-treatment groups in the levels of DAO[(5.35±2.49) vs.(6.59±2.69)U/L,t=1.89,P=0.07],of D-lactate acid[(8.12±3.84) vs.(7.71±3.65) mg/L,t=-0.73,P=0.47]and of serum endotoxin[(10.23 ± 5.51) vs.(10.41±6.45) U/L,t=0.18,P=0.86].Conclusions There is no significant effect on intestinal permeability and intestinal mucosa barrier function in the elderly taking PPI for 6 months.New studies are needed to understand the role of PPI in the intestinal microflora in the elderly.

3.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1214-1220, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496558

ABSTRACT

[ ABSTRACT] AIM:To explore the role of SHARPIN in regulation of Rip1 in castration-resistant prostate cancer LNCaP-AI cells.METHODS:The LNCaP-AI cells were treated with TNF-α+Z-VAD ( an inhibitor of pan-caspase) to activate necroptosis, which were compared to the cells treated with TNF-α+Z-VAD+Nec-1 ( an inhibitor of Rip1 ) .A blank group and a TNF-α-treated group were set up as controls.The cell viability in each group was measured by MTS as-say.In addition, SHARPIN was knocked down by siRNA, and the inhibitory efficiency was evaluated by RT-qPCR.The expression of Rip1 at mRNA and protein levels after knocking down SHARPIN was determined by RT-qPCR and Western blot to explore the underlying mechanism of regulatory network of necroptosis in prostate cancer.RESULTS: Compared with blank control group and TNF-α-treated group, the viability of LNCaP-AI cells treated with TNF-α+Z-VAD decreased by 28%(P LNCaP-AI cells.CONCLUSION:Necroptosis is an important way of cell death .Inhibition of oncogenic factor SHARPIN enhances necroptosis via activating Rip1 in LNCaP-AI cells.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-474080

ABSTRACT

[ ABSTRACT] AIM: To investigate the SALL4 expression, proliferation and apoptosis in the LNCaP cells after transfection of SALL4 siRNA.METHODS: The expression of SALL4 at mRNA and protein levels was detected by real-time PCR and Western blotting.MTS assay, colony formation assay and flow cytometry were used to determine the prolifer-ation, colony formation ability and apoptosis of the LNCaP cells.The effect of SALL4 on the expression of Bax and Bcl-2 was analyzed by Western blotting.RESULTS:Compared with negative control group, the expression of SALL4 at mRNA and protein levels in LNCaP cells was down-regulated by transfection of SALL4 siRNA ( P<0.05 ) .The proliferation rate and colony formation ability were decreased, while apoptosis rate increased in si-SALL4 group (P<0.05).Higher expres-sion of Bax and lower expression of Bcl-2 in si-SALL4 group were observed ( P<0.05 ) .CONCLUSION:Down-regula-tion of SALL4 by siRNA not only suppresses LNCaP cell proliferation and colony formation, but also inhibits Bcl-2 expres-sion and activates Bax expression to induce apoptosis.

5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 929-936, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-253231

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA) can facilitate the growth, migration, and invasion of the LNCaP prostate cancer cell lines, but the underlying molecular mechanisms have not yet been clearly defined. Here, we investigated whether PSMA serves as a novel regulator of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling by employing PSMA knockdown model and PI3K pharmacological inhibitor (LY294002) in LNCaP prostate cancer cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>PSMA knockdown had been stably established by transfecting with lentivirus-mediated siRNA in our previous study. Then, LNCaP cells were divided into interference, non-interference, and blank groups. We first testified the efficacy of PSMA knockdown in our LNCaP cell line. Then, we compared the expression of PSMA and total/activated Akt by Western blotting in the above three groups with or without LY294002 treatment. Furthermore, immunocytochemistry was performed to confirm the changes of activated Akt (p-Akt, Ser473) in groups. Besides, cell proliferation, migration, and cell cycle were measured by CCK-8 assay, Transwell analysis, and Flow cytometry respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After PSMA knockdown, the level of p-Akt (Ser473) but not of total-Akt (Akt1/2) was significantly decreased when compared with the non-interference and blank groups. However, LY294002 administration significantly reduced the expression of p-Akt (Ser473) in all the three groups. The results of immunocytochemistry further confirmed that PSMA knockdown or LY294002 treatment was associated with p-Akt (Ser473) down-regulation. Decrease of cell proliferation, migration, and survival were also observed upon PSMA knockdown and LY294002 treatment.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Taken together, our results reveal that PI3K/Akt signaling pathway inhibition may serve as a novel molecular mechanism in LNCaP prostate cancer cells of PSMA knockdown and suggest that Akt (Ser473) may play a critical role as a downstream signaling target effector of PSMA in this cellular model.</p>


Subject(s)
Antigens, Surface , Genetics , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Glutamate Carboxypeptidase II , Genetics , Metabolism , Humans , Male , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Metabolism , Prostatic Neoplasms , Genetics , Therapeutics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Metabolism , RNA Interference , Signal Transduction , Genetics , Physiology
6.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 386-390, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-389276

ABSTRACT

Objective To obtain shRNA sequences that can stably block the expression of Nuclear Factor kappa- B (p65) in the prostate cancer cell line LNCaP and construct the lentivirus vector.And validate the gene function of p65 in the cell line. Methods According to p65 genetic information, we design siRNA1, siRNA2, siRNA3 those three siRNA sequences targeting the ods area of p65 gene and then form the corresponding four pairs of complementary single strand DNA of shRNA, including the sense strand and the antisense strand. The synthetic shRNA sequence was inserted into the empty pSIH1-H1-copGFP shRNA Vector, and after transfecting the prostate cancer cells , the inhibitory effect of p65 mRNA by different sequences was detected through real-time PCR, and the inhibitory effect of p65 protein expression was detected by Western-blotting. Thus we can obtain highly effective shRNA sequences in the inhibition of p65 in prostate cancer cells. MTT, flow cytometry, transwell were chosen to test the cell growth, migration and invasive power in vitro to compare the difference of the experimental group, control group and negative group. Results The third shRNA sequence had the best inhibitory effect and the inhibitory effect of p65 mRNA in prostate cancer cell line was 59 % and the protein was 81%. It's position locates in p65 (NM_021975 ) 1096-1113 and it's stemloop sequence is 5'-GATCCGCCCTATCCCTTTACGTCATTCAAGAGATGACGTAAAGGGATAGGGCTTTTTG-3'. After transfecting, the prostate cancer cell line had the low expression of p65 stably. Through MTT, we got the growth curve, which showed that the growth ability of experimental group was significantly decreased compared with the control group and the Logarithmic growth didn't appear in the first 96 hours. Flow cytometry test displayed that the percentage of G0-G1-phase cells in experimental group was 61.49%, and the control group was 44.89%, idle group was 41.52%, which was increasing oberviously. The S-phase cells in the experimental group was 28.58%, compared with the 47.36% and 46. 10% diminished. The results of transwell showed that the experimental group had 16. 5000±6. 62076 cells and the other two groups had 45. 6333 13. 54159 and 36. 8333±5. 68412 cells, which showed the invasive power of experimental group was significantly declined(P<0.05).Conclusions It's successful to obtain shRNA sequences that can stably block the expression of p65 in the prostate cancer cell line LNCaP and construct the lentivirus vector. p65 can positively regulates the biological behavior of prostate cancer LNCaP cell line in the cell growth, migration and invasive power.

7.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 561-564, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-387618

ABSTRACT

Objective To verify the efficiency of a new laparoscopic urethrovesical anastomosis training model by comparing it with the chicken skin model. Methods Chicken posterior trunks and porcine colons were used to construct the training model. The posterior trunk of a chicken was used to simulate a human pelvis, and a 3-mm cloacal stump was used to simulate a human urethral stump. A 15-cm segment of porcine colon with a 1-cm orifice was used to simulate a human bladder or neobladder. An imitation urethrovesical anastomosis was performed with laparoscopic instruments in a laparoscopic training box. Forty trainees with no laparoscopic experience were randomized into 2 groups.The trainees in group A (n=20) practiced using this new model for 8 h, while those in group B (n=20) practiced using the chicken skin model for 8 h. The trainees' skills were assessed using the porcine model before and after training. Results Compared with the chicken skin model, this new training model more accurately resembled the structure and characteristic of human pelvis, urethral stump, and bladder (neobladder). After the training sessions, both groups improved in anastomosis time [GroupA: (64±11)min vs. (123±20)min, P<0.05; Group B: (77±12)min vs. (121±17)min, P<0.05] and quality (Group A: 8.8± 1.0 vs. 3.8 ± 1.2, P<0. 05 ; Group B: 7.7 ± 0.9 vs.3. 7± 1.1, P<0. 05). Compared with trainees in group B, trainees in group A required less time and achieved a higher quality score (P<0.05). Conclusions This new training model can help urologic surgeons to reduce learning curve of this technique and improve their suturing skills. It is an effective,convenient training model for laparoscopic urethrovesical anastomosis.

8.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 45-48, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-391566

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the efficacy,toxicitis and side-effects of Casodex and Flutamide in the hormonal therapy of advanced prostate cancer patients.Methods One hundred and thirty-six advanced prostate cancer patients were treated with with hormonal therapy.The patients were divided into 3 groups,of which 52 patients (group A) used LHRHa and Casodex as intermittent hormonal therapy;60 patients(group B) used LHRHa and Flutamide as intermittent hormonal therapy;24 patients(group C) were treated with surgical castration only.The difference of clinical symptoms,serum PSA,disease progression risk,survival rate,toxicitis and side-effects of 3 groups were compared.Results The relief rates of group A and B were 80.8% (42/52)and 81.7% (49/60) respectively,higher than 70.8% (17/24) of group C.The mean serum PSA of group A and B decreased from 133.3 ng/ml(17.9-982.8 ng/ml) to 15.8 ng/ml(0.02-28.9 ng/ml),142.6 ng/ml (20.2-1001.0 ng/ml)to 16.1 ng/ml(0.07-53.8 ng/ml),respectively,both better than that of group C,which decreased from 142.3 ng/ml (27.1-988.0 ng/ml) to 27.6 ng/ml(6.0-62.1 ng/ml).The mean chemical recurrence rates of group A and B were 34.7% (18/52) and 36.7% (22/60),respectively,lower than 58.3% (14/24) of group C.The mean chemical recurrence time of group A and B was 22(5-52)months and 22(6-65)months,respectively,longer than 11(5-54)months of group C.The mortality rates of group A and B were 26.9% (14/52) and 31.7% (19/60),respectively,lower than 66.7%(16/24) of group C.88.5% (46/52)of group A were treated continuously,while group B had 66.7% (40/60).The side-effects rate of group A was lower than group B.Conclusions Both Cadosex and Flutamide are effective for prostate cancer,and decrease the disease progression risk.Casodex is more effective and safer as for the treatment of prostate cancer compared to Flutamide.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-407315

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Smooth muscle cells and transitional epithelial cells were traditionally used to construct tissue-engineered bladder and to perform double-sided implantation of scaffold.However,double-sided implantation is difficult to perform,because smooth muscle cells are difficult to isolate or culture in vitro and passage is limited.OBJECTIVE:To verify the feasibility of tissue-engineered bladder reconstruction with bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells(BMSCs)and bladder acellular matrix(BAM).DESIGN:A basic empirical study.SETTING:Linbaixin Medical Research Center,Second Affiliated Hospital,Sun Yat-sen University.MATERIALS:Experiments were performed at the Linbaixin Medical Research Center,Second Affiliated Hospital,Sun Yat-sen University from March 2006 to Mav 2007.The laboratory was the Opening Laboratory of Hospital Affiliated to Health Department of China.One-month old SD rats of either sex,weighting 80-100 g were provided by Animal Experimental Center of Sun Yat-sen University.Fresh porcine bladders were offered by Animal Experimental Center of Southern Medical University.METHODS:Whole bone marrow culture and successive adherence method was used to culture rat BMSCs in vitro.Flow cytometry was employed to detect surface antigen.Eradicator washing method was applied to prepare porcine BAM and measure its purity and characteristies.Third passage of BMSCs were inoculated in BAM and cultured in a medium containing vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF165)(25 ng/L)in vive and in vitro to test compatibility.Cells cultured alone were considered to be controls for the in vivo trial,and materials non-implanted with cells were considered to be controls for in vitro trial.Suitable microenvironment was simulated to induce the differentiation of BMSCs.Four weeks and eight weeks later,compound materials were respectively removed to perform tissue section test.Simultaneously,immunohistochemistry keratin staining was conducted to examine regeneration of epithelial cells.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:Biocompatibility of BMSCs and BAM.RESULTS:①BMSCs were cultured by whole bone marrow method.Flow cytometry demonstrated that third passage of cells were positive for CD29(99.43%).②BAM had good biological characteristics.Homogen matrix and byssoid collagen appeared under a microscope.Compatibility trials showed good compatibility of BMSCs and BAM and well-growth cells.③Four weeks later,histological section test confirmed inflammatory cell infiltration,closely-arranged collagen and elastic fiber.Immunohistochemistry keratin staining showed lamellar and discontinuous simple epithelium.Eight weeks later,no inflammatory cell infiltration was found,and closely-arranged collagen and elastic fiber were detected.Immunohistochemistry keratin staining showed lamellar and continuous multiple epitheliums.CONCLUSIoN:With good compatibility,BMSCs and BAM appear to be an ideal material for bladder tissue engineering.

10.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 300-302, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-400833

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the feasibility and safety of performing nephrectomy together with the removal of complicated inferior vena cava tumor thrombus under profound hypothermia and arrested circulation. Methods After made the median thoraco-abdominal incision, the exploration of the abdominal organs was done. The right kidney, inferior vena cava and renal pedicle were well exposed then. After the whole body heparinization, cannulas were put into ascending aorta, superior vena cava, aortic root and right superior pulmonary vein. The body temperature was reduced to 20℃ with cardiopulmonary bypass unit and the extracorporeal circulation was stopped then. Cut open the inferior vena cava at vena renalis dextra ingress and the F16 urinary catheter was inserted into atrum dextra through inferior vena cava and inflated. The tumor thrombus was pulled out and the right kidney was removed. The inferior vena cava incision was sutured to close and the extracorporeal circulation was resumed and patient was re-warmed.Results The operation time was 330 min and the extracorporeal circulation time was 90 min, while the profound hypothermia with circulatory arrest time was 20 min. The estimated blood loss during operation was 400 ml and 6 unit red cells and 600 ml blood plasm were transfused. The patient was awaked 2.5 h after the operation, food intake resumed 4 days after operation and the patient was discharged on day 10 post-operatively. After 6 months'follow-up, there were no local recurrence and metastasis occurred. Conclusion The technique of profound hypothermia and circulation arrest could improve the safety and efficacy in the treatment of renal cell carcinoma with suprahepatic (level Ⅲ) caval tumor thrombus.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-397889

ABSTRACT

Objective To approach the clinical presentation,treatment and diagnosis of primary seminal vesicle carcinoma.Methods The records of 4 patients who diagnosed seminal vesicle carcinoma were retrospectively reviewed,including the symptoms signs and examination results as well as operation program,postoperative therapy.Considered to the literature reports.Bilateral seminal vesicles,bladder, prostate and rectum were totally removed in one case.Seminal vosiculectomy and partial cystoprostotectomy were performed in 2 cases,and the another one,bilateral lower ureterectomy and ileum substitute bladder was be done.Results Followed up for 3 months to 5 years,and no recurrence had been observed so far, one died of colon cancer after 2 years.Conclusions Early symptoms of primary seminal vesicle carcinoma are unobvious,so that early diagnosis of seminal vesicle carcinoma is difficult and the misdiagnosis is so usually.Thus,accurate recognition is important for early diagnosis.Radical surgery appears to offer the best chance and different approaches can be selected according to tumor stage and invasive condition of the circumambient organ.Comprehensive treatment like hormonal therapy,along with the 5-fluorouracil,paclitaxel,and oxaliplatin chemotherapy regimen appears to be effective against adenocarcinoma.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-397756

ABSTRACT

Objective To research the effect to the semen quality of the three operation methods of superiority of highly selective varicocele high ligation,transinguinal canal and laparoseopic of renovated polomo management of varicocele.Methods 561 patients in our hospital who charged by infertility had the operation were analyzed retrospectively and were recruited with primary varicocele above grade II for this study.These patients were divided into three group according to three kinds of operation methods of varicocele :group A was treated with highly selective varicocele high ligation and had 300 patients;group B was treated with transinguinal canal operation and had 181 patients; and group C was treated by laparescopic of renovated polomo operation with 80 patients.Through the comparing of the fertility ability of the three operation methods,to evaluate the therapeutic effect of the three methods.Results The increasing rates of the quality of semen in group B was higher than other groups if patients' ages were lower than 30.The increasing rates of the quality of semen in every group was also higher if patients' ages were lower than 30.No difference was found between three groups in natural conception rate (P>0.05).Conclusion The methods of highly selective varieecele high ligation would be a better choice in the management of patients with primary varicecele because of higher quality of semen.

13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1943-1945, 2003.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235846

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To report the surgical techniques and results of an 8-year follow-up study of 42 patients with a modified orthotopic ileal neobladder restoring normal anatomical relationship.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Total cystoprostatectomy was performed extraperitoneally. A 45 - 50 cm segment of the ileal loop was isolated, detubularized, and reconfigured into an "M"-shape to form a pouch. Bilateral ureters were implanted by inserting 1 cm distal segment into the pouch. The bottom of pouch was opened and anastomosed with the urethra.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Forty-two patients were followed up for 6 to 96 months,90.5% of whom were continent in the daytime, and 85.7% at night. Two patients had a difficulty in urination. The average volume of the pouch was (361 +/- 48) ml at 12 months postoperation. Urodynamic examination showed the average peak voiding pressure was (86.8 +/- 21.4) cm H(2)O. The average maximum flow rate (Qmax) was (18.4 +/- 6.1) ml/s. No remarkable ureter reflux and obstruction were found. No patient was detected to have urethral carcinoma.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Extraperitoneal cystectomy can avoid the tumor contamination of the abdomen and intestinal interference of the operative field. The ureter-inserting implantation technique is a simple anti-reflux anastomosis method with less ureter stenosis rate. Isolating the neobladder and ureters from the peritoneal cavity can reduce the postoperative complications, such as adhesive ileus, internal hernia, and urine leakage into the peritoneal cavity. The neobladder is similar to the original bladder in position, volume, shape and anti-reflux ureter connection.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Cystectomy , Methods , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome , Urinary Reservoirs, Continent
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-529133

ABSTRACT

AIM: To construct eukaryotic expression vector of small interfering RNA(siRNA) specific to bcl-2 and investigate the effect of recombinant plasmid on suppressing bladder cancer cell growth.METHODS: siRNA of bcl-2 gene was designed according to the principle of RNAi-based medicine, and was converted into cDNA coding expression of small hairpin RNAs(shRNA) of siRNA. The cDNA was synthesized and inserted into plasmid pGenesil-1. The recombinant eukaryotic expression vectors of pGenesil-1545 and pGenesil-1555 were controlled by the U6 promoter of RNA polymerase Ⅲ, identified by the restriction map and the sequence analysis, and transfected into T24 cells. After T24 cells were transfected for 72 h, expression of bcl-2 mRNA was assayed by RT-PCR; and MTT was used to observe the proliferation of T24 cells.RESULTS: The recombinant plasmids of pGenesil-1545 and pGenesil-1555 were identified by the restriction map and the sequence analysis. The sequences completely coincided with the designs. The expression of the bcl-2 mRNA in T24 cells transfected with recombinant plasmid decreased nearly 80%, and the growth of T24 cells was suppressed significantly.CONCLUSION: The siRNA eukaryotic expression vector against bcl-2 gene is successfully constructed. It effectively downregulates the expression of bcl-2 in T24 cells and suppresses the cell growth.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-519098

ABSTRACT

AIM: To study the expression of the VEGF in single and multiple superficial transitional cell bladder carcinoma and their clinical significance. METHODS: Immunohistochemical method was used to study the VEGF in 60 cases of superficial transitional cell bladder carcinoma and in 10 cases of normal bladder tissue as control. RESULTS: High expression of VEGF in bladder carcinoma cell was observed. The expression level of VEGF in multiple superficial transitional cell bladder carcinoma was higher than that in single superficial transitional cell bladder carcinoma. The recurrent rate in the patient with VEGF high expression was more than that in the patient with VEGF low expression. CONCLUSION: The expression level of VEGF was correlated to the biological behavior of superficial transitional cell bladder carcinoma.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-520656

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate serum vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) level in patients with bladder transitional cell carcinoma(BTCC) and its clinical significance. METHODS: ELISA method was used to examine the serum VEGF level in 42 cases of bladder transitional cell carcinoma and in 10 cases of normal people as control. The change of VEGF in blood of the pre-operation and post-operation patients with BTCC was also compared. RESULTS: The VEGF level in blood of the patients was higher than that of the normal people, in spite of pre-operation, post-chemotherapy, and post-operation, but VEGF level decreased obviously after chemotherapy or operation. In addition, the plasma VEGF level was related to the grade and invasion of tumor. CONCLUSION: Detecting serum VEGF level can help us to assess the change of tumor and therapeutic effect.

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