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1.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 558-564, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956556

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of flexion-lateral curvature-supination reduction combined with primary anterior surgery for the treatment of lower cervical dislocation with unilateral facet inter-locking.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed in the 32 patients who had been admitted to Department of Spine Surgery, Honghui Hospital for lower cervical dislocation with unilateral facet interlocking from November 2015 to October 2018. According to their treatments, they were divided into 2 groups. In the emergency group treated by flexion-lateral curvature-supination reduction combined with primary anterior surgery, there were 13 males and 3 females, aged from 24 to 63 years. In the traction group treated by cranial traction reduction combined with secondary anterior surgery, there were 12 males and 4 females, aged from 20 to 64 years. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, hospital stay, bone graft fusion, American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) grade and Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score were compared between the 2 groups.Results:There was no significant difference in the preoperative general data between the 2 groups, showing they were comparable ( P<0.05). All patients were followed up from 26 to 40 months. The hospital stay for the emergency group [(7.2±1.2) d] was significantly shorter than that for the traction group[(10.9±1.2) d] ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the operation time, blood loss, ASIA grade or JOA score between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). All patients achieved osseous fusion of intervertebral space. Conclusion:Compared with traditional methods, flexion-lateral curvature-supination reduction combined with primay anterior surgery shows no significant difference in the recovery of neurological function but leads to a shorter hospital stay.

2.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 961-972, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956541

ABSTRACT

Osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF) can lead to lower back pain and may be even accompanied by scoliosis, neurological dysfunction and other complications, which will affect the daily activities and life quality of patients. Vertebral augmentation is an effective treatment method for OVCF, but it cannot correct unbalance of bone metabolism or improve the osteoporotic status, causing complications like lower back pain, limited spinal activities and vertebral refracture. The post-operative systematic and standardized rehabilitation treatments can improve curative effect and therapeutic efficacy of anti-osteoporosis, reduce risk of vertebral refracture, increase patient compliance and improve quality of life. Since there still lack relevant clinical treatment guidelines for postoperative rehabilitation treatments following vertebral augmentation for OVCF, the current treatments are varied with uneven therapeutic effect. In order to standardize the postoperative rehabilitation treatment, the Spine Trauma Group of the Orthopedic Branch of Chinese Medical Doctor Association organized relevant experts to refer to relevant literature and develop the "Guideline for postoperative rehabilitation treatment following vertebral augmentation for osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (2022 version)" based on the clinical guidelines published by the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS) as well as on the principles of scientificity, practicality and advancement. The guideline provided evidence-based recommendations on 10 important issues related to postoperative rehabilitation treatments of OVCF.

3.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 871-877, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956516

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy of forceful reduction percutaneous pedicle screw and ordinary percutaneous pedicle screw in the treatment of osteoporotic thoracolumbar burst fracture with kyphosis.Methods:A retrospective cohort study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 566 patients with osteoporotic thoracolumbar burst fracture with kyphosis admitted to Honghui Hospital, Xi ′an Jiaotong University from January 2015 to December 2018, including 191 males and 375 females, with age range of 48-79 years [(61.7±10.7)years]. Fracture segments were located at T 11 in 134 patients, T 12 in 154, L 1 in 160, and L 2 in 118. All fractures were type IIIA according to the acute symptomatic osteoporotic thoracolumbar fracture classification (ASOTLF). The thoracolumbar osteoporotic fracture severity score assessment system (TLOFSAS) score was ≥5 points. A total of 275 patients underwent forceful reduction and percutaneous pedicle screw internal fixation (forceful reduction screw group), and 291 patients underwent common percutaneous pedicle screw internal fixation (common screw group). The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, times of X-ray exposure on patients and measures documented before operation, at 3 days after operation and at 2 years after operation including anterior height ratio of the injured vertebrae, sagittal Cobb angle of the injured vertebrae, Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score and visual analog scale (VAS) were compared between the two groups. Moreover, degree of correction of Cobb angle at 3 days after operation, loss of correction of Cobb angle at 2 years after operation and postoperative complications were observed. Results:All patients were followed up for 25-34 months [(29.9±3.4)months]. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss and times of X-ray exposure on patients in forceful reduction screw group were (69.4±10.2)minutes, (60.3±13.1)ml and (26.8±3.7)times, less than (80.6±11.9)minutes, (80.7±15.4)ml and (30.4±3.4)times in common screw group (all P<0.01). There was no significant difference in anterior height ratio of the injured vertebrae between the two groups before operation and at 3 days after operation (all P>0.05). The anterior height ratio of the injured vertebrae in forceful reduction screw group was (95.5±2.3)% at 2 years after operation, significantly higher than (85.4±1.7)% in common screw group ( P<0.01). There was no significant difference in sagittal Cobb angle of the injured vertebrae between the two groups before operation ( P>0.05). The sagittal Cobb of the injured vertebrae in forceful reduction screw group at 3 days and 2 years after operation were (7.9±1.6)° and (8.8±1.5)°, lower than (10.6±1.1)° and (12.3±1.2)° in common screw group ( P<0.05 or 0.01). There were no significant difference in JOA score and VAS between the two groups before operation, at 3 days and at 2 years after operation (all P>0.05). The degree of correction of Cobb angle in forceful reduction screw group was (19.4±2.5)°, higher than (17.3±2.6)° in common screw group ( P<0.05). The loss of correction of Cobb angle in forceful reduction group was less than that in common screw group at 2 years after operation, but the difference was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). The incidence of postoperative complications in forceful reduction screw group was 12.4% (34/275), compared to 14.1% (41/291) in common screw group ( P>0.05). There were no complications such as iatrogenic nerve injury, fracture or loosening of internal fixator or leakage of bone cement in the spinal canal in both groups. Conclusions:For osteoporotic thoracolumbar burst fracture with kyphosis, forceful reduction and percutaneous pedicle screw internal fixation can significantly shorten operation time, reduce intraoperative blood loss and times of X-ray exposure on patients, restore height of the injured vertebrae, correct kyphosis and maintain reduction height of the injured vertebrae in contrast with conventional percutaneous pedicle screw internal fixation.

4.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 297-300, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932242

ABSTRACT

The symptomatic chronic thoracolumbar osteoporotic vertebral fracture (SCOVF) is complex in symptom and pathological character. Various treatment methods are employed for SCOVF, but there still lacks standard criteria for proper selection. Therefore, Spine Trauma Division of Chinese Association of Orthopedic Surgeons together with the relevant experts formulated and released the clinical guideline on surgical treatment for SCOVF. Due to space limitations, the guideline did not make full elaboration and analysis on some recommendations. In this study, the authors aim to interpret some key clinical issues in the diagnosis, choice of operation methods and choice of internal fixation methods of SCOVF, hoping to help peers better grasp the connotation of the guideline and apply it correctly in clinical practice.

5.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 577-586, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867755

ABSTRACT

According to the pathological characteristics of symptomatic chronic thoracic and lumbar osteoporotic vertebral fracture (SCOVF), the different clinical treatment methods are selected, including vertebral augmentation, anterior-posterior fixation and fusion, posterior decompression fixation and fusion, and posterior correction osteotomy. However, there is still a lack of a unified understanding on how to choose appropriate treatment method for SCOVF. In order to reflect the new treatment concept and the evidence-based medicine progress of SCOVF in a timely manner and standardize its treatment, the clinical guideline for surgical treatment of SCOVF is formulated in compliance with the principle of scientificity, practicability and advancement and based on the level of evidence-based medicine.

6.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 881-887, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791281

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the curative effects between our self-designed flexible vertebroplasty device and the conventional straight bone cement injector in the treatment of osteoporotic thoracic compression fractures.Methods A retrospective case-control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 140 patients with osteoporotic thoracic compression fracture who had been admitted to Department of Spine Surgery,Xi'an Honghui Hospital from June 2016 to January 2017.They were 61 males and 79 females,aged from 55 to 88 years (average,70.3 years).Their fractured vertebrae distributed from T5 to T12.Our self-designed flexible vertebroplasty device was used in 67 of them (group A) while the conventional straight bone cement injector in the other 73 patients (group B).The 2 groups were compared in terms of operative time,amount of bone cement injected,distribution ratio of bone cement on the contralateral side,bone cement leakage,and visual analogue scale (VAS),anterior height ratio of the fractured vertebra and kyphosis cobb angle at 1 d,1 and 2 years after operation.Results The 2 groups were comparable due to their insignificant differences in preoperative general data (P > 0.05).All the patients were followed up for more than 2 years,with an average of 26.7 months.There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in operation time (28.1 ±4.2 min versus 26.3 ±3.2 min) or in bone cement leakage [34.3% (23/67) versus 17.8% (13/73)] (P > 0.05).However,group A was significantly higher than group B in amount of bone cement injection (5.6 ± 1.2 mL versus 4.9 ± 1.1 mL) and in distribution ratio of bone cement on the contralateral side (71.5% ± 11.3% versus 65.7% ± 12.9%),significantly lower than group B in VAS at 1 and 2 years after operation (2.8±0.7 and 3.0±0.9 versus 3.1 ±0.8 and 3.4±0.8) and in kyphosis cobb angle at 1and 2 years after operation (25.2°±5.2° and 26.8°±5.5° versus 27.7°±4.9° and 29.1°±1.6°),and significantly higher than group B in anterior height ratio of the fractured vertebra at 1 and 2 years after operation (39.2% ± 8.1% and 37.1% ± 7.2% versus 35.4% ± 7.8% and 33.2% ± 8.4%) (all P <0.05).There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in VAS,anterior height ratio of the fractured vertebra or kyphosis cobb angle at one day after operation (P > 0.05).Conclusions Compared with the conventional straight bone cement injector,our self-designed flexible vertebroplasty device can lead to better contralateral distribution of bone cement,more effective maintenance of the height of injured vertebra,and better long-term analgesic effect in the treatment of osteoporotic thoracic compression fractures.

7.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 805-810, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797404

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To determine the value of hyperextension MRI evaluation in determining whether to perform decompression therapy after reduction of reducible atlantoaxial dislocation as well as assess the decompression effect.@*Methods@#A retrospective case series study was conducted to analyze 24 patients with atlantoaxial dislocation admitted to Honghui Hospital affiliated to Xi'an Jiaotong University from May 2015 to May 2017. There were 10 males and 14 females, aged 40-74 years, with an average age of 52 years. There were 14 patients with os odontoideum, four patients with odontoid fracture, and six patients with transverse atlantal ligament rupture. Hyperextension MRI was performed to assess spinal cord compression for all patients. Eight patients with anterior spinal cord compression (Group A) underwent posterior atlantoaxial arch decompression plus atlantoaxial internal fixation reduction and bone graft fusion; 16 patients without anterior compression of the spinal cord (Group B) underwent only atlantoaxial internal fixation reduction and bone graft fusion. Intraoperative and postoperative complications were recorded. Spinal cord compression index and improvement rate of spinal cord decompression were evaluated by routine cervical spine MRI. Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) score was used to evaluate the clinical effect.@*Results@#All patients were followed up for 3-24 months, with an average of 9.3 months. There was no nerve or vertebral artery injury during the operation, and no screw loosening occurred after surgery. The spinal cord compression index (0.37±0.18) in Group A at the last follow-up was significantly lower than that before operation (0.73±0.22) (P<0.05), while the index in Group B (0.19±0.20) at the last follow-up was also lower than that before operation (0.61±0.25) (P<0.05). The improvement rate of spinal cord decompression was 67.11% in Group A and 70.61% in Group B. The final JOA score of Group A was (13.29±3.68)points, which was significantly better than the preoperative JOA [(5.61±2.74)points] (P<0.05). The final JOA score in Group B [(14.13±3.45)points] was also significantly better than the preoperative JOA [(7.32±2.90)points] (P<0.05). Improvement rate of JOA was 57.31% in Group A and 59.91% in Group B.@*Conclusions@#Hyperextension MRI of cervical vertebra can effectively judge whether the anterior spinal cord is compressed after reduction of atlantoaxial dislocation. It has important clinical significance for decompression treatment during reduction and internal fixation of reducible atlantoaxial dislocation. At the same time, posterior atlantoaxial arch resection and decompression can effectively relieve the compression of the spinal cord after reduction of atlantoaxial dislocation.

8.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 881-887, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796393

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the curative effects between our self-designed flexible vertebroplasty device and the conventional straight bone cement injector in the treatment of osteoporotic thoracic compression fractures.@*Methods@#A retrospective case-control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 140 patients with osteoporotic thoracic compression fracture who had been admitted to Department of Spine Surgery, Xi’an Honghui Hospital from June 2016 to January 2017. They were 61 males and 79 females, aged from 55 to 88 years (average, 70.3 years). Their fractured vertebrae distributed from T5 to T12. Our self-designed flexible vertebroplasty device was used in 67 of them (group A) while the conventional straight bone cement injector in the other 73 patients (group B). The 2 groups were compared in terms of operative time, amount of bone cement injected, distribution ratio of bone cement on the contralateral side, bone cement leakage, and visual analogue scale (VAS), anterior height ratio of the fractured vertebra and kyphosis cobb angle at 1 d, 1 and 2 years after operation.@*Results@#The 2 groups were comparable due to their insignificant differences in preoperative general data (P>0.05). All the patients were followed up for more than 2 years, with an average of 26.7 months. There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in operation time (28.1±4.2 min versus 26.3±3.2 min) or in bone cement leakage [34.3%(23/67) versus 17.8%(13/73)] (P>0.05). However, group A was significantly higher than group B in amount of bone cement injection (5.6±1.2 mL versus 4.9±1.1 mL) and in distribution ratio of bone cement on the contralateral side (71.5%±11.3% versus 65.7%±12.9%), significantly lower than group B in VAS at 1 and 2 years after operation (2.8±0.7 and 3.0±0.9 versus 3.1±0.8 and 3.4±0.8) and in kyphosis cobb angle at 1 and 2 years after operation (25.2°±5.2° and 26.8°±5.5° versus 27.7°±4.9° and 29.1°±1.6°), and significantly higher than group B in anterior height ratio of the fractured vertebra at 1 and 2 years after operation (39.2%±8.1% and 37.1%±7.2% versus 35.4%±7.8% and 33.2%±8.4%) (all P< 0.05). There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in VAS, anterior height ratio of the fractured vertebra or kyphosis cobb angle at one day after operation (P>0.05).@*Conclusions@#Compared with the conventional straight bone cement injector, our self-designed flexible vertebroplasty device can lead to better contralateral distribution of bone cement, more effective maintenance of the height of injured vertebra, and better long-term analgesic effect in the treatment of osteoporotic thoracic compression fractures.

9.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 805-810, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754717

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the value of hyperextension MRI evaluation in determining whether to perform decompression therapy after reduction of reducible atlantoaxial dislocation as well as assess the decompression effect. Methods A retrospective case series study was conducted to analyze 24 patients with atlantoaxial dislocation admitted to Honghui Hospital affiliated to Xi'an Jiaotong University from May 2015 to May 2017. There were 10 males and 14 females, aged 40-74 years, with an average age of 52 years. There were 14 patients with os odontoideum, four patients with odontoid fracture, and six patients with transverse atlantal ligament rupture. Hyperextension MRI was performed to assess spinal cord compression for all patients. Eight patients with anterior spinal cord compression ( Group A ) underwent posterior atlantoaxial arch decompression plus atlantoaxial internal fixation reduction and bone graft fusion; 16 patients without anterior compression of the spinal cord ( Group B ) underwent only atlantoaxial internal fixation reduction and bone graft fusion. Intraoperative and postoperative complications were recorded. Spinal cord compression index and improvement rate of spinal cord decompression were evaluated by routine cervical spine MRI. Japanese Orthopedic Association ( JOA) score was used to evaluate the clinical effect. Results All patients were followed up for 3-24 months, with an average of 9. 3 months. There was no nerve or vertebral artery injury during the operation, and no screw loosening occurred after surgery. The spinal cord compression index (0. 37 ± 0. 18) in Group A at the last follow-up was significantly lower than that before operation (0. 73 ± 0. 22) (P<0. 05), while the index in Group B (0. 19 ± 0. 20) at the last follow-up was also lower than that before operation (0. 61 ± 0. 25) (P<0. 05). The improvement rate of spinal cord decompression was 67. 11% in Group A and 70. 61% in Group B. The final JOA score of Group A was ( 13. 29 ± 3. 68 ) points, which was significantlybetterthanthepreoperativeJOA[(5.61±2.74)points] (P <0.05). ThefinalJOA score in Group B [(14. 13 ± 3. 45) points] was also significantly better than the preoperative JOA [(7. 32 ± 2. 90)points] (P<0. 05). Improvement rate of JOA was 57. 31% in Group A and 59. 91%in Group B. Conclusions Hyperextension MRI of cervical vertebra can effectively judge whether the anterior spinal cord is compressed after reduction of atlantoaxial dislocation. It has important clinical significance for decompression treatment during reduction and internal fixation of reducible atlantoaxial dislocation. At the same time, posterior atlantoaxial arch resection and decompression can effectively relieve the compression of the spinal cord after reduction of atlantoaxial dislocation.

10.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 716-722, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754704

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the efficacy of pedicle screw with vertebroplasty ( PSV) or intermediate screw ( PSIS ) for osteoporotic thoracolumbar compression fractures. Methods A retrospective case control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 141 patients with osteoporotic thoracolumbar vertebral compression fractures admitted to Honghui Hospital, College of Medicine, Xi'an Jiaotong University from January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2015. There were 59 males and 82 females,aged 60-75 years, with an average age of 65. 4 years. All the fractures had bone mineral density (BMD) T value < -2. 5 SD, kyphosis angle > 15 degrees or anterior column compression > 40%. There were 65 patients with thoracic vertebral fractures ( T10-T12 ) and 76 with lumbar vertebral fractures ( L1-L4 ) . Among all patients, 68 received PSV treatment ( PSV group) and 73 received fixed PSIS treatment ( PSIS group). The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, visual analogue scale (VAS), anterior height ratio, central height ratio, and segmental kyphosis angle at 3 days, 3 months, 6 months, 1 year and 2 years after operation were compared between the two groups. The complications were recorded. Results All patients were followed up for 25-31 months, with an average of 27. 9 months. There were no significant differences in operation time and intraoperative blood loss between the two groups (P>0. 05). VAS at each time point of postoperative follow-up was significantly lower than those before operation in both groups (P<0. 05). Except that VAS in PSV group was lower than that in PSIP group 3 months after surgery [(2. 2 ± 0. 8)points vs. (2. 6 ± 0. 6)points] (P<0. 05), there were no significant differences in VAS at other time points between the two groups (P>0. 05). Anterior height ratios of PSV group were higher than those of PSIP group at postoperative 3 months, 6 months, 1 year and 2 years (P<0. 05) [(95. 2 ± 5. 2) vs. (92. 6 ± 7. 1), (93. 8 ± 5. 2) vs. (91. 4 ± 3. 2), (93. 3 ± 4. 9) vs. (91. 2 ± 5. 1), (92. 6 ± 5. 5) vs. (90. 1 ± 4. 7)]. The central height ratios of PSV group were higher than those of PSIP group at postoperative 6 months, 1 year and 2 years [(91. 4 ± 6. 9) vs. (88. 9 ± 7. 2), (90. 8 ± 7. 4) vs. (88.4±5.9),(90.1±7.6)vs. (87.1±7.2)](P<0.05). SegmentalkyphosisangleofPSVgroup was lower than that of PSIP group at postoperative 3 months, 6 months, 1 year and 2 years [(2. 9 ± 0. 4)° vs. (3. 2 ± 0. 9)°, (3. 0 ± 0. 5)° vs. (3. 2 ± 0. 3)°, (3. 1 ± 0. 7)° vs. (3. 4 ± 0. 4)°, (3. 1 ± 0. 4)° vs. (3. 4 ± 0. 7)°] (P <0. 05 or 0. 01). Bone cement leakage from screws occurred in two patients in PSV group and three patients in PSIS group. Cement leakage occurred in the injured vertebra in four patients of PSV group, with no any symptom. In PSIS group, two patients suffered from one side rod breakage at 9 months and 1 year after surgery, respectively. CT showed sound bone healing, without any further management. Conclusion For osteoporotic thoracolumbar compression fractures, PSV can attain similar pain relief compared with PSIS, but the former is more conducive to reducing the loss of anterior and middle column height and correcting kyphosis deformity.

11.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 612-617, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754689

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) on the differentiation of epidermal stem cells(ESCs) into nerve cells in rats.Methods The epidermal basal layer tissue of newborn SD rats (1-3 days) were isolated and obtained.ESCs were digested and isolated by rapid attachment to a substrate,and the morphology of ESCs was observed under an inverted microscope.ESCs were cuhured with Keratinocytes serum-free medium (K-SFM).The ESCs were grouped and treated according to the density including Group A:0.1 × 107/ml,Group B:0.3 × 107/ml.Group C:0.5 × 1 07/ml,Group D:0.1 × 106/ml,and each group was added bFGF (20 ng/ml).The changes of cell morphology were observed and counted for seven days.The changes of cell markers Nestin and NSE were detected by immunohistochenistry.Results The ESCs of SD rat were isolated successfully.After bFGF induction,the numbers of cells with morphological changes in Groups A and B were larger than those in other two groups in the first 6 days (P < 0.05),and the number in Group A was the largest on the seventh day (P < 0.05).On the third day,Group C had the largest number of cells with changes based on the comparison within the group.There was no change in cell morphology in Group D.Immunohistochemistry showed positive Nestin and NSE.Conclusion The bFGF helps induce the differentiation of ESCs into nerve cells,which is associated with the cell density.

12.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 13-18, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505383

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the efficacy of KumaFix posterior spinal screw/rod system (KumaFix system) and posterior U-shape screw/rod system for treatment of thoracolumbar vertebral body fractures.Methods A total of 131 patients with thoracolumbar vertebral body fractures treated from January 2011 to July 2011 were prospectively analyzed.All patients showed thoracolumbar injury classification and severity score (TLICS) more than 5 points and spinal load-sharing classification (LSC) score of 4-6.The patients were assigned to two groups according to the coin toss method:group A (n =72,treated with reduction and fixation with KumaFix system in combination with transpedicular bone grafting of fractured vertebrae) and group B (n =59,submitted to posterior reduction and fixation with U-shaped screw/rod system in combination with transpedicular bone grafting of fractured vertebrae).In group A,there were 41 male and 31 female patients at age of (41.2 ± 4.9) years (range,20-53 years).In group B,there were 33 male and 26 female patients at age of(40.6 ± 4.5)years (range,21-51 years).The two groups were analyzed and compared in aspects of operation time,blood loss,anterior vertebral height ratio,middle vertebral height ratio,posterior vertebral height ratio,kyphosis angle,Oswestry disability index (ODI) and incidence of adjacent segment degeneration.Results All patients were followed up for mean 5.3 years (range,5.1-5.8 years).Operation time and blood loss were (72.5 ±21.8)rain and (320.6 ±90.0)ml in group A,less than (104.3 ±20.7)min and (421.0 ± 84.5) ml in group B (P < 0.05).Both groups achieved obvious improvements in anterior vertebral height ratio,middle vertebral height ratio,posterior vertebral height ratio and kyphosis angle after operation(P < 0.05).At the last follow-up,the middle vertebral height ratio was (92.0 ± 2.8) % in group A,better than (84.1 ± 5.1) % in group B (P < 0.05).Both groups showed improvement in ODI after operation (P < 0.05).At the last follow-up,ODI and incidence of adjacent segment degeneration were 11.9 ± 7.1 and 0 in group A,decreased compared to 20.9 ± 6.7 and 12% in group B (P < 0.05).Conclusions For thoracolumbar vertebral body fractures,the KumaFix system has better reduction effect than U-shape screw/rod system.Meanwhile,the KumaFix system can avoid negative effect.

13.
Progress in Modern Biomedicine ; (24): 4837-4841, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615057

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of MicroRNA-9-1 in inducing epidermal stem cells(ESCs) differentiation into neurons.Methods:The lentiviral of MicroRNA-9-1 was constructed and transfected into rats epidermal stem cells.The experiment was divided into transfected group,non-transfected group and the negative control group.The β-mercaptoethanol was as an inducer for triggering the ESCs to differentiate into neurons.The GFP fluorescence expression of epidermal stem cells after transfection was observed under inverted fluorescence microscope.The protein and mRNA expression level of microtuble-associated protein 2 (MAP-2) was detected by immunocytochemical method and RT-PCR,respectively.Results:The result of Positive clone PCR confirmed successful construction of MicroRNA-9-1 in rats.Transfection after 48 h,the expressing of GFP fluorescence at peak in transfected group,and transfection efficiency reached (85.6+1.9)%.Most ESCs differentiated into neurons in transfected group after β-mercaptoethanol induction 7 h,and the effect was significantly better than non-transfected group and the negative control group.The protein ((87.3± 0.6)%) and mRNA (about twice over) expression levels of MAP-2 in transfected group was higher than those in non-transfected group and the negative control group (P<0.05).Conclusion:The lentiviral of MicroRNA-9-1 has high transfection efficiency in rats ESCs,and could promoted ESCs differentiate into neurons under β-mercaptoethanol induced.

14.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 772-776, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502590

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the reliability and reproducibility of the thoracolumbar osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF) severity score system (TLOFS),so as to provide basis for clinical decision-making.Methods A total of 320 cases of thoracolumbar OVCF hospitalized between January 2014 and June 2015 were scored by TLOFS.There were 107 male and 213 female patients,aged 52-90 years (mean,63.78 years).All cases presented with a chief complaint of low back pain.Thirty-nine cases (TLOFS ≤3 in 21 cases,TLOFS =4 in 17 cases) were treated non-operatively,while 259 cases (TLOFS =4 in 23 cases,TLOFS ≥ 5 in 259 cases) were treated surgically.Pain was evaluated by the visual analogue scale (VAS).Reliability,reproducibility and content validity of the TLOFS were analyzed.Results Cronbach' sα coefficients of all TLOFS subgroups including evaluation of morphological changes,MRI,bone mineral density,clinical situation and therapy recommendation and total score evaluation were within the range of higher to high reliability (0.76-0.94).Kappa coefficients of all TLOFS subgroups were within the range of higher to high reproducibility (0.84-0.95).Mean content validity of all TLOFS subgroups was 0.916.VAS improved from preoperative(7.8 ± 2.1) to (1.3 ±0.7) at the final follow-up.Rates of correct diagnosis,sensitivity and specificity were 95.7%,87.6% and 96.5% respectively.Conclusion TLOFS exhibits good reliability and reproducibility,easy operation,and accurate and comprehensive evaluation,which is effective in guiding the clinical decision making in treatment of thoracolumbar OVCF.

15.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1142-1148, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502024

ABSTRACT

Bone cement leakage is the most common complication in the treatment of thoracolumbar osteoporotic fractures by percutaneous vertebroplasty.The incidence rates of the literatures are different,with the range from 5% to 80%.There are several different classifications of cement leakage;however there is no uniform classification standard.The classification criteria' s are based on anatomical location and leakage way.The independent risk factors of cement leakage are fracture semiquantitative severity grade and the viscosity of bone cement.The incidence rate of cement leakage increases with high fracture semiquantitative severity grade and low bone cement viscosity.For cortical leakage,the presence of cortical disruption and intravertebral cleft on MRI were identified as additional strong risk factors.The majority of bone cement leakage does not produce clinical symptoms.But some of the patients suffered from new adjacent osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures,neurologic deficits,pulmonary cement emboli,cardiac perforation,and even death.Therefore,we should strictly grasp the indications,select appropriate filling materials,and improve surgical techniques to avoid the occurrence of bone cement leakage.

16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2001-2006, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-248058

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Short-segment U-shaped pedicle screw fixation has been widely used to treat thoracolumbar burst fracture. Some studies have reported the disadvantages of traditional U-shaped pedicle screw, which included a relatively high rate of adjacent segment degeneration and screw failure, including screw pullout and breakage. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of open reduction and fixation using KumaFix fixation system in treatment of thoracolumbar burst fractures.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From June 2011 to June 2012, 45 consecutive patients with thoracolumbar burst fractures were enrolled. They were randomly assigned to treatment with KumaFix (the treatment group, n = 23) or traditional U-shaped pedicle screw (the control group, n = 22). The patients were followed up postoperatively and were assessed with regard to radiologic and clinical outcomes. Radiologic outcomes were assessed mainly on the basis of Cobb angle and vertebral wedge angle. Clinical outcomes were evaluated mainly with use of Visual Analog Scale (VAS) for pain and the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) Questionnaire.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients were followed up from 9 to 22 months. There were no significant differences between the two groups with regard to preoperative indices. The operation time in the treatment group was significantly lower than that in the control group. Preoperative Cobb angles and vertebral wedge angles in two groups were significantly decreased after surgery, and these have been well maintained at the last follow-up with mild correction losses. The results of clinical outcome showed lower VAS and ODI scores in two groups compared with those preoperative, and the treatment group had greater improvement on the ODI compared with the control group at the last follow-up.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Compared with traditional U-shaped pedicle screw, KumaFix fixation system can achieve gradual, controlled reduction, provide enough space for bone implantation, and avoid acceleration of adjacent segment degeneration. It is an effective and reliable technique to treat thoracolumbar burst fractures.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Bone Screws , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Methods , Lumbar Vertebrae , Wounds and Injuries , Prospective Studies , Spinal Fractures , General Surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae , Wounds and Injuries
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 79-84, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341711

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Previous studies have suggested that percutaneous vertebroplasty might alter vertebral stress transfer, leading to adjacent vertebral failure. However, no three-dimensional finite element study so far accounted for the stress distributions on different cement volumes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the stress distributions on the endplate under different loading conditions after augmentation with various volumes of bone cement.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>L2-L3 motion segment data were obtained from CT scans of the lumbar spine from a cadaver of a young man who had no abnormal findings on roentgenograms. Three-dimensional model of L2-L3 was established using Mimics software, and finite element model of L2-L3 functional spinal unit (FSU) was established using Ansys10.0 software. For simulating percutaneous vertebral augmentation, polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) was deposited into the bipedicle of the L2 vertebra. The percentage of PMMA volume varied between 15% and 30%. The stress distributions on the endplate of the augmented vertebral body were calculated under three different loading conditions.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In general, the stress level monotonically increased with bone cement volume. Under each loading condition, the stress change on the L2 superior and inferior endplates in three kinds of finite element models shows monotonic increase. Compared with the stress-increasing region of the endplate, the central part of the L2 endplate was subject to the greatest stress under three kinds of loading conditions, especially on the superior endplate and under flexion.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The finite element models of FSU are useful to optimize the planning for vertebroplasty. The bone cement volume might have an influence on the endplate of the augmentation, especially the superior endplate. It should be noted that the optimization of bone cement volume is patient specific; the volume of the bone cement should be based on the size, body mineral density, and stiffness of the vertebrae of individual patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Cements , Therapeutic Uses , Finite Element Analysis , Osteoporosis , Spinal Fractures , General Surgery , Stress, Mechanical , Vertebroplasty , Methods
18.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 162-170, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-443274

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the causes and clinical treatments of recurrent spinal tuberculosis complicated with sinus tract.Methods There were 21 patients suffered from recurrent spinal tuberculosis complicated with sinus tract in 87 patients with complicated spinal tuberculosis from January 1997 to January 2012.The dates of them were reviewed.There were 12males and 9 females with an average age of 38.8 years (range,22-58 years).There were 15 patients whose tuberculosis bacterial culture and drug sensitive experiments suggested drug resistance.All patients were excluded from mixed infection of sinus before the operation.According to the range of the tuberculous abscess,11 patients had undergone one stage sinus clearing and debridement,instrument removal,spinal fusion and internal fixation by anterior approach.The other 10 patients had undergone one stage anterior sinus clearing and debridement,instrument removal,bone graft and internal fixation by posterior approach.Results All patients were followed up for an average time of 29.7 months.16 patients were recovered.5 patients got recurrence with the rate of 23.8%(5/21).The recurrence rate of anterior internal fixation was 18.2%(2/11),and 30% (3/10) for posterior internal fixation.3patients got recovered by conservative treatment and 2 patients by re-debridement.15 patients achieved bone fusion 6 months after the operation; 4 patients achieved bone fusion 9 months after the operation; 1 patient achieved bone fusion 12 months after the operation.The kyphosis Cobb' angle was corrected to 5.7°(ranged from 2° to 12°).Conclusion It is difficult for the treatment of recurrent complicated spinal tuberculosis combined with sinus tract.The causes of recurrence include drug-resistant strains of TB,uncompleted debridement,failure of spinal stability reconstruction,and combination with other organ tubeculosis.The key of successful surgical treatment includes effective chemotherapy,radical debridement and proper reconstruction of spinal stability.

19.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 1210-1214, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-439210

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of different bone cement volume injected after vertebroplasty on stress distribution of the upper and lower endplates of the injured vertebra in the flexion and extension positions by finite element analysis.Methods Two patients with osteoporotic compression fractures of L2 vertebral body were chosen.Bone cement volumes of 25% and 50% were respectively injected into the fractured vertebral body bilaterally.Pre-and post-operative finite element models of fractured and adjacent vertebral bodies were developed after extracting the CT data.Stress changes at L2 superior-and inferior-vertebral endplates were observed in the vertical,flexion,and extension loading.Results Stress at the upper and lower endplates of the fractured vertebra increased after bone cement injection and more increase was observed in 50% bone cement group than in 25% bone cement group.In the neutral position,the stress mainly concentrated at posterior vertebral body,with stress of the upper endplate improving from 0.91 × 106 N · mm to 0.93 × 106 N · mm and stress of the lower endplate from 0.98 × 106 N ·mm to 1.03 × 106 N · mm.In the anterior flexion,the stress mainly concentrated at anterior vertebral body,with stress of the upper endplate improving from 4.44 × 106 N · mm to 5.55 × 106 N · mm.In the posterior extension,the stress mainly concentrated at medial vertebral body,with stress of the upper endplate improving from 21.95 × 106 N · mm to 22.10 × 106 N · mm and stress of the lower endplate from 30.60 ×106 N · mm to 30.88 × 106 N · mm.The finite element model revealed stress at the upper and lower endplates was higher in the anterior flexion and posterior extension than in the neutral position,while in the anterior flexion the stress was comparatively higher.Conclusions A small amount of implanted bone cement act no evident effect on stress distribution of the upper and lower vertebral endplates.However,the stress changes are significant as cement volume reached up to 50%,especially in the flexion position,as may suggest an enhanced risk of adjacent intervertebral disc degeneration and adjacent vertebral body fractures.

20.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 498-502, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-434774

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate efficacy of KumaFix posterior spinal screw/rod system (KumaFix system) for thoracolumbar fractures.Methods Thirty patients with type A3 thoracolumbar fractures treated from June 2011 to June 2012 were divided into Group A and Group B according to odd and even number.Group A (n =15) underwent reduction and fixation with KumaFix system in combination with transpedicular bone grafting of fractured vertebrae.There were 7 males and 8 females at average age of (40.5 ±5.1) years (range,21-52 years).Group B (n =15) underwent posterior reduction and fixation with U-shaped screw/rod system in combination with transpedicular bone grafting of fractured vertebrae.There were 8 males and 7 females at average age of (41.3 ±4.8) years (range,22-51 years).Two groups were analyzed and compared in aspects of operation time,blood loss,visual analogue scale (VAS),anterior vertebral height ratio,kyphosis angle,spinal canal encroachment ratio,and Oswestry disability index (ODI).Results All patients were followed up for average 13.2 months.Operation time was shorter in Group A than in Group B (P < 0.05),but there was no significant difference in blood loss between the two groups (P > 0.05).Both groups achieved obvious improvement in aspects of VAS,anterior vertebral height ratio,kyphosis angle,spinal canal encroachment ratio after operation (P < 0.05).ODI score was improved for the two groups after operation (P < 0.05) and was better in Group A than in Group B at the last follow-up (P < 0.05).Conclusions For treatment of type A3 thoracolumbar vertebral body fractures,the KumaFix system is able to achieve gradual,smooth and controllable distraction reduction that is conducive to the implement of transpedicular bone grafting of fractured vertebrae in comparison with the U-shaped screw/rod system.In the meantime,the KumaFix system avoids negative effect of internal fixation on adjacent articular process.

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