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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508460


Background:It was demonstrated that vitamin D has extensive biological effects,and evidence exists on association between vitamin D and a variety of immune mediated diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease. Aims:To investigate the relationship between serum level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D(25OHD)and disease activity and quality of life in patients with ulcerative colitis( UC). Methods:Serum level of 25OHD was detected by electrochemiluminescence in 50 outpatients/inpatients with UC from Oct. 2015 to Mar. 2016 at the Anhui Provincial Hospital;35 healthy subjects were served as normal controls. CRP,ESR and PLT were determined by routine laboratory tests in UC patients. Disease activity of UC was assessed by improved Mayo score,and Chinese version IBD questionnaire( IBDQ)was employed to assess quality of life. Results:Vitamin D deficiency defined as serum 25OHD ﹤20 ng/mL was detected in 68. 0% of the UC patients. The mean value of serum 25OHD was significantly lower in UC group than in normal control group[(16. 73 ± 8. 83)ng/mL vs.(19. 84 ± 4. 56)ng/mL,P﹤0. 05]. When patients were stratified with disease activity,serum level of 25OHD decreased in the order of remission,mild,moderate and severe active stage(P ﹤0. 05). In UC patients with vitamin D deficiency,the value of CRP,ESR and PLT were significantly increased(P all ﹤0. 05)and the overall score of IBDQ and scores of four dimensions of IBDQ referring to bowel symptom,systemic symptom,emotional function and social function were significantly decreased(P all ﹤0. 05). Spearman and Pearson correlation coefficients analyses showed that serum level of 25OHD was negatively correlated with Mayo score,CRP,ESR and PLT(P all ﹤0. 05),and positively correlated with scores of IBDQ,including overall score and four dimensional scores in UC group( P all ﹤0. 05 ). Conclusions:Vitamin D deficiency occurs frequently in patients with UC and might have a negative impact on disease activity and quality of life.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467567


Objective To observe the role of cannabinoid receptor-2 (CB2) in acute experimental colitis in mice, and to explore its effect on the endoplasmic reticulum stress ( ERS ) in the intestinal mucosa . Methods 32 SPF mice were randomly divided into normal group,model group,CB2 agonist group and CB2 antagonist group. Disease activity index( DAI) and colon histopathological score( HS) were evaluatd. The levels of TNF-α and IL-10 in colon tissue were detected by ELISA. The expression of CB2 and ERS markers GRP78, CHOP in colon tissues were de-tected by immunohistochemical. The mRNA levels of GRP78 and CHOP were detected by RT-PCR. Results Com-pared with the normal group,the level of TNF-αwas significantly higher and the level of IL-10 was significantly low-er(P0. 05 ) . Conclusion Severe endo-plasmic reticulum stress exists in intestinal mucosa of experimental colitis mice. The CB2 agonist activates CB2 ex-pression,reducing colitis in mice. Its mechanism may be related to inhibiting ERS in intestinal mucosa.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-440884


Objective Detecting the level of IDO and KYN in ulcerative colitis (UC) patients; using ROC curve to discuss their value in the diagnosis of patients with active UC. Methods 60 cases of UC group, 18 cases of dis-ease control group and 20 cases of healthy control group were included in the study. Immunohistochemical staining methods were used to detect the expression of IDO in colonic mucosa of UC, enzyme-linked immunosorbent (ELISA) methods were used to detect the serum levels of IDO, KYN and CRP, and the value with ROC curve method was analyzed. Results ① There was a positive correlation between IDO level and IDO expression (P<0.05). There was a positive correlation between KYN level and IDO expression (P<0.05). ②The levels of IDO and KYN in UC group were higher than those of disease control group and health control group (P<0.05). ③The levels of IDO and KYN in patients with active UC were significantly higher than that in patients with catabasis UC (P<0.01), and the levels increased with severity of inflammation. ④ The levels of IDO and KYN in active UC were positively related to disease activity and CRP levels (P<0.05). ⑤The IDO,KYN and CRP area under ROC curve were 0.976, 0.856 and 0.864;best cut-off point were 53.66 U/L, 2.34 nmol/L and 1.75 mg/ml;sensitiv-ity were 90.5%, 78.65% and 100.0%; specifity were 94.4%, 83.3% and 61.1%; Youden index were 0.839 2, 0.619 0 and 0.611 1. Conclusion The levels of IDO and KYN in serum can be used as an important index to judge the severity of UC. They have important value in the diagnosis of active UC . The value of IDO is higher than KYN and CRP.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-437074


Objective To assess the value of ultrasonic probe (USP) in the diagnosis of Submucous eminence of colorectume.Methods Sixty-eight patients with colorectal submucous eminence in 70 areas received USP under colonoscope.The accuracy of diagnosis was evaluated.Results Twenty carcinoid tumor were detected which manifested submucous hypoechoic ; Lipoma 12,located in right half colon which manifested submucous layer,clear boundaries hyperechoic; Cyst 12 manifested single or multi lattices no-echo on submucous which have integrated involucrum.Mesenchymoma or myoma levicellulare 12,most of them located inthe rectum manifested uniform or no-uniform hypoechoic on the muscularis mucosa or below and were difficult to discriminate.Malignant lymphoma,3 manifested muscularis mucosa and submucosa thickening,muscularis propria were seldom affected.Vascular diseases (hemangioma,varicosity) 3,manifested no-echoic on mucosa or submucosa,some medium,high echoic,circular or irregular,and also endometriosis 2,pigment deposition 1,appendix abscess 1,extramural compression 2,ultrasonic test is marched with clinic diagnosis.Accuracy rate is 100%.Conclusion USP can diagnose colorectal submucous eminence with high accuracy,and even provide information about the size,layer of origin,border of the colorectal submucous eminence and can distinguish benign or malignant tumor according to ultrasonic check,at the same time provide differentiation with extramural compressive lesions.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-541565


ObjectiveTo investigate the colonoscopic manifestations, the prevalence and natural history of vascular malformation (VM) in elderly patients .MethodsTotally 2917 elderly patients were examined by colonoscopy and the colonoscopic apperances and prevalence were studied. A 3 years follow-up for VM patients was carried to assess bleeding risk. ResultsPrevalence in elderly group was 2.4%, while 0.8% for the non-elderly(P

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-526339


Objective To report on the clinical presentations of patients with colonic angiodysplasia and the results of electrocoagulation under the guide of colonoscopy. Methods Study on the clinical and endoscopic manifestation of patient with colonic angiodysplasia and follow-up study for the risk of bleeding in asymptomatic AD and in those after electrocoagulation. Results Totally 10 200 cases were involved in colonoscopy, among them 126(1. 24%) cases of CAD were found. Prevalence rate in asymptomatic group was 0. 89%, in bleeding group 2. 62%, and in nonbleeding group 0. 82%. In 9 asymptomatic AD cases no bleeding occurred in a period of 3-year follow-up. However, most of the bleeding AD patients have bleeding relapsed within 3 years. The curative effect of electrocoagulation during 1 year is significant the relapse rate of bleeding, 18% as compared to 54% in patients with bleeding without electrocoagilation P