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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615788

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate and analyze the efficacy of intravenous levosimendan in the treatment of acute cardiac failure after cardiac surgery. Methods The study of the 80 cases of acute heart failure in patients undergoing cardiac surgery after treatment in March 2014 to March 2017, the patients were monitored in the treatment before and after treatment of 24 h heart rate, left ventricular ejection fraction, mean arterial pressure and central venous pressure and other related indicators. Results Of all patients, 58 survived after treatment, and 22 died during or after treatment. Compared with before treatment, after treatment of 24 h in left ventricular ejection fraction in patients, mean arterial pressure, central venous and changes in heart rate were significantly improved, data between the two groups had significant difference compared with statistical significance(P<0.05). In 8 patients, transient blood pressure reduction occurred during treatment, but symptoms disappeared after taking appropriate measures, and other patients had no more severe adverse reactions. Conclusion According to the method of intravenous levosimendan in treatment of acute heart failure in patients undergoing cardiac surgery after treatment can make the patient's cardiac function improved, has a significant effect on the prognosis of patients, should have a relatively high value.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606507

ABSTRACT

Objective To optimize the helicopter pilot helmet with mounted display in order to enhance wearing comfort.Methods The problems of the helmet were analyzed,and the trends of the helmet were discussed in foreign countries and China,and then optimization was carried out from the aspects of function,structure,design,material and etc.Results Optimization measures were proposed from the aspects of safety protection,ergonomics,platform display,night vision,tracking and positioning,material and industrial art to improve the designs of all functional modules of the helmet.Theoretical references were provided for the design of lightweight and tailored helmet.Conclusion Aviation ergonomics has to be considered to enhance wearing comfort and reliability when designing new-type helicopter pilot helmet with mounted display.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667448

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of rocuronium on muscle relaxation time in patients with different types of cancer.Methods Sixty-four patients with tumor were enrolled.The patients underwent tumor resection under general anesthesia.They were divided into malignant tumor group (control group) and benign tumor group (observation group) according to different tumor type,32 cases in each group.Remifentanil,propofol,rocuronium were intravenously injected to induce anesthesia.The first convulsive response (T1) in the four strangulated stimuli up to the maximum inhibition of tracheal intubation and recorded time.Intravenous infusion of propofol,plasma concentration of 3-5μg/mL and intermittent intravenously injected remifentanil maintenance anesthesia.50 mg of rocuronium bromide diluted in 0.9% NaC1 50ml,when T1 returned to 10%,the patients were given intravenous infusion of dilute rocuronium,to maintain patients with T1 in 5% to 10%,until the patients'consciousness recovery,removal of tracheal tube.Results There were no statistically significant differences in SBP,DBP,MAP and HR between the two groups (t =0.15,P =0.44;t =0.17,P =0.43;t =0.09,P =0.46;t =0.31,P =0.38;).The DBP,MAP,HR levels increased during intubation,SBP decreased,and the differences of SBP and DBP were statistically significant (t =2.33,P =0.01;t =2.18,P =0.02;t =3.44,P =0.00;t =3.09,P =0.00).Muscle relaxation index:The onset time [(98.28 ± 19.97) s],maximum effect duration [(19.97 ± 1.80) s],T1 recovered to 10% [(26.45 ±0.94) min],T1 recovered from 10% to 25% [(13.14 ± 1.12) min],the recovery index[(11.67 ± 0.36) min] in the observation group were better than those in the control group (t =2.57,P =0.01;t =3.11,P =0.00;t =3.127,P =0.00;t =5.23,P =0.00;t =15.31,P =0.00).The tracheal intubation condition of the observation group was superior to that of the control group,but the difference was not statistically significant (P > 0.05).Conclusion There is no statistically significant difference in vital signs between patients with benign and malignant tumors after rocuronium bromide,but the effect of rocuronium bromide on muscle is more sensitive in benign tumor than malignancy,and the onset time and recovery time is shortened.The overall intubation conditions have no significant differences.In the future selection of rocuronium bromide as muscle relaxants in the case of patients with benign and malignant tumors,can choose the appropriate anesthesia,in terms of dose,additional frequency should be considered.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665960

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prognostic value of rest gated myocardial perfusion SPECT imaging (GMPI) in male patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).Methods Seventy male patients with acute STEMI were collected from July 2014 to December 2014.General infonnation including age,history of hypertension,diabetes and serum levels of NT-proBNP,cTnⅠ,hs-CRP were recorded.CAG and rest GMPI were performed to measure the LVEDV,LVESV,LVEF,and the percentage of myocardial perfusion defect size (PMPDS) was calculated.All patients were followed at least 180 d and the major cardiac events (MACE) were recorded.According to the follow-up results,patients were assigned to MACE group and non-MACE group,the prognostic value of PMPDS and NT-proBNP for MACE was analyzed by ROC curve.According to the cut-off value of PMPDS,patients were divided into 2 groups,and KaplanMeier survival curve were drawn.The data were analyzed by two-sample t test,Mann-Whitney u test,x2 test,Pearson correlation analysis and log-rank test.Results The PMPDS in STEMI patients was not correlated with cTnⅠ,hs-CRP,LVEDV and LVESV (all P>0.05),while positively correlated with NT-proBNP (r=0.793,P<0.05),and negatively correlated with LVEF (r=-0.609,P<0.05).Between MACE group and non-MACE group,there was no statistical differences in age,history of hypertension,diabetes,serum levels of HDL-C,LDL-C,hs-CRP,cTnⅠ,LVEDV,LVESV,and LVEF (x2 values:0.21 and 0.37,z values:-1.0 and-1.2,t values:from-1.6 to 1.5;all P>0.05).The PMPDS,NT-proBNP,and number of stenotic vessels were significantly different between the two groups (t =2.4,z values:-2.1 and-3.6;all P< 0.05).ROC curve analysis showed that the AUC of PMPDS was 0.700 with cut-off value of 14.06%,which was better than that of NT-proBNP (z=2.1,P<0.05).When patients were separated according to the cut-off value of 14.06%,there were significant differences in MACE incidence rates between the two groups (P< 0.01).Conclusion Compared with NT-proBNP,PMPDS has a better prognostic value for predicting the MACE risk within 180 d in male STEMI patients,and can be used for the risk stratification of STEMI patients.

5.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 455-459, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237519

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the characteristics of health-seeking behaviors and related influencing factors of the community-based hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) positive adults, in China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Based on the cohort formed by the HBsAg positive patients, in the national sero-survey project in 2006, we conducted a follow-up programs in 2010 and 2014. In the latest follow-up project, we carried out a cross-sectional study to collect information on health-seeking behaviors of the patients. Questionnaires would include information on clinic visits, diagnosis, regular physical examination and treatments,etc. We used the SPSS 18.0 software for data analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Totally, 2 478 HBsAg positive adults (≥18 years old) were followed through, with 34.4% (853/2 478) of them had visited the doctors and diagnosed after they were informed the status of HBsAg positivity, in the 2006-sero-survey program. Among patients who ever visiting the clinic, 51.2% (372/727) of them underwent at least medical examination once a year, with 31.5% (229/727) of them received treatment. Furthermore, 34.5% (79/229) of the treated patients adopted the traditional Chinese medicine or medicine for ' liver protection'. 56.8% (130/229) of the treated patients received antiviral drugs. Data from the binary logistic regression showed that the major influencing factors on clinic visits would include: age, level of education received and residencial areas (rural/urban).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Consciousness on health was low in those community-based HBsAg positive people. Standerdized management and clinical treatment programs should be set up accordingly.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Psychology , China , Epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Delivery of Health Care , Hepatitis B , Blood , Diagnosis , Ethnology , Psychology , Hepatitis B Antibodies , Blood , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Blood , Humans , Logistic Models , Residence Characteristics , Rural Population , Seroepidemiologic Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-490852

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of electroacupuncture respectively at 2 Hz/100 Hz and 100 Hz on muscle rigidity in Parkinson’s disease (PD) by comparing it to oral administration of Levodopa and Benserazide Hydrochloride tablets. Method Ninety-one PD patients were randomized into a medication group of 31 cases, electroacupunture group 1 (2 Hz/100 Hz) of 30 cases and electroacupuncture group 2 (100 Hz) of 30 cases. Electroacupuncture group 1 and 2 were respectively intervened by electroacupuncture at 2 Hz/100 Hz and 100 Hz in addition to the treatment given to the medication group. The Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) and TAS were evaluated prior to intervention, after 30-day treatment, 90-day treatment, and in the 180-day follow-up study. Result Compared to that before intervention, the UPDRS and TAS scores were insignificantly changed after 30-day and 90-day treatment, but significantly changed in the 180-day follow-up study (P 0.05). Conclusion Compared to electroacupuncture at 2 Hz/100 Hz plus medication and medication alone, electroacupuncture at 100 Hz plus medication can produce a better therapeutic efficacy in improving muscle rigidity of PD.

7.
China Oncology ; (12): 932-938, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508378

ABSTRACT

Background and purpose:The traditional 3 incision surgery is an important means of esophageal cancer treatment, however, accompanied by more postoperative complications and higher mortality. Minimally invasive esophagectomy is a prospective technology with advantages, such as little trauma and quick recovery. This study retrospectively analyzed the perioperative effect of the esophagus cancer patients who accepted thoracoscopic-laparoscopic esophagectomy (TLE), open-laparoscopic esophagectomy (OLE) and open esophagectomy (OE) from Jan. 2013 to Jan. 2015. Methods:In this study, 72 patients received TLE, 76 patients received OLE and 115 patients received OE, respectively. One-way ANOVA, Kruskal Wallis test and Chi-square test were used to compare the differences of general clinical data, perioperative recover index, the number of lymphadenectomy and the postoperative complication among TLE, OLE and OE. Results:There were differences in the area of operative blood loss, duration of ICU stay and first standing time among the 3 groups. Pairwise comparison demonstrated that TLE group was signiifcantly better than OE group (P<0.012 5). The total number of lymphadenectomy among the 3 groups had no differences. However, the number of lymph node of the upper esophagus in the TLE groups was more than those in OLE group and OE group (P<0.001). The laryngeal recurrent nerve injury incidence in TLE group was signiifcantly higher than those in OLE group and OE group (P=0.012, 0.003). The total surgical complication had no differences among 3 groups. In areas of the cardiorespiratory system severe complication, 3 groups had statistical differences. Pairwise comparison showed TLE group was significantly less than OLE and OE group (P<0.0125). The first day and third day incidences of SIRS rate in TLE group were less than those in OLE group and OE group (P<0.0125). Conclusion:Comparing to OE group, with the same safety and feasibility, TLE had more advantages such as trauma, quick recovery, less complications. With the same effect of total lymphadenectomy to OE, TLE had the more advantage in upper mediastinal and recurrent laryngeal nerve lymph node cleaning.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-269995

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the information of the supplementary card for hepatitis B and the laboratory confirmed result of immunoglobulin M antibody to hepatitis B virus (HBV) Core Antigen (anti-HBc IgM) for the suspected acute hepatitis B to evaluate the hepatitis B report data on pilot surveillance.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>200 counties were established in China for hepatitis B pilot surveillance and 63 641 cases were reported. We added a supplementary card in National Notificable Disease Reporting System (NNDRS) and all the reported hepatitis B cases in NNDRS were required to fill the supplementary card. Venous blood 5 ml was collected and a confirmed test of anti-HBc IgM was made for suspected acute hepatitis B. We made confirmed diagnosis for the suspected acute hepatitis B according to the supplementary card information of the reporting card and the confirmed test result of anti-HBc IgM.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>63 641 hepatitis B cases were reported in 200 hepatitis B pilot surveillance counties in 2013. Among 1 723 cases which were filled with the HBsAg positive within six months in supplementary card, 735 cases were reported as chronic hepatitis B, the proportion was 42.66%. Among 4 582 cases which were filled with anti-HBc IgM positive in supplementary card, 2 436 cases were reported as acute hepatitis B, the proportion was 53.16%. 1 829 cases were reported as chronic hepatitis B, the proportion was 39.92%. The validity cases of the information for liver puncture and the HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) transform during the recovery period in supplementary cards for all the reporting cases were 579 and 4 961, and the rate were 0.91% and 7.80%, respectively. 4 302 suspected acute cases were made confirmed diagnosis, and 1 197 cases (27.82%) were confirmed acute and 2 590 cases (60.20%) were confirmed chronic.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Clinical doctors failed to make full use of the information of supplementary cards to make classification diagnose for hepatitis B. Suspected acute hepatitis B with anti-HBc IgM positive should be pay attention to follow up and further distinguish acute or chronic hepatitis B according to the HBsAg transform.</p>


Subject(s)
China , Epidemiology , Hepatitis B , Epidemiology , Hepatitis B Antibodies , Blood , Hepatitis B Core Antigens , Allergy and Immunology , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Immunoglobulin M , Blood , Sentinel Surveillance
9.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 4333-4335, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-501119

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To provide new ideas for the supervision of TCM decoction for patients. METHODS:The mode of outsourced TCM decoction for patients in Nanjing and Hangzhou area were investigated and analyzed,especially their operation mode. The safety problems of quality of the mode were analyzed from the legitimacy and standardization. RESULTS & CONCLU-SIONS:The present problems include the mismatch of professional and technical personnel of TCM decoction pieces and their qua-lification requirements;the lack of communication of pharmacists and prescribers;no restrictions for outsourced decoction of toxic TCM decoction pieces for patients;the insufficient attention for the quality and safety of packaging materials;being difficult to im-plement the main responsibility of medical institutions,etc. It is suggested to establish the filing system of centralized TCM decoc-tion institution for patients;the stationed system of pharmacy technician in medical institutions;the training and evaluation system of dispensing,decocting and other stations;the regular inspection system of health and pharmaceutical administration department;the quality evaluation system of TCM decoction for patients by following up medical staff and patients. So that it can explore a new idea for monitoring ofclearing the powers of regulatory,full participation in medical institutions,standardization and management of pharmaceutical wholesale enterprises,active supervision by patients.

10.
China Oncology ; (12): 326-332, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-463398

ABSTRACT

Background and purpose:Gemcitabine-based chemotherapy has been shown to have signiifcant activity and favourable safety in metastatic breast cancer patients, but the effectiveness is limited due to drug resistance. MicroRNAs are a family of small non-coding RNA molecules, acting as oncogenes or tumor suppressors. Although various mechanisms of chemoresistance have been uncovered, the aberrant microRNA expression and its relationship with drug resistance of breast cancer are still unclear. This study explored the potential role and underlying mechanism of microRNA-21 in gemcitabine resistant breast cancer. Methods:MDA-MB-231 cells were continuously exposed to the increasing concentrations of gemcitabine to induce drug resistance to gemcitabine, which was 10 times more resis-tant. Then multiple methods were used including real-time PCR (RT-PCR), CCK-8, Western blot, transfection, wound healing and Transwell assay to observe the effect of microRNA-21 on epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and chemosensitivity. Results:The expression of microRNA-21 was up-regulated in gemcitabine resistant breast cancer cell line and inversely correlated with gemcitabine sensitivity. Manipulation of microRNA-21 status could change microR-NA-21 level, and could result in corresponding changes in EMT status and drug sensitivity. Conclusion:MicroRNA-21 induces gemcitabine resistance possibly via EMT process in breast cancer.

11.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 635-638, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-476161

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the relationship between gastrointestinal dysfunction and both severity and prognosis in patients with heatstroke (HS).Methods A retrospective analysis was conducted. Clinical data from 39 patients with HS seeking for treatment in Department of Critical Care Medicine of Chinese PLA General Hospital from January 2013 to September 2014 were enrolled. The patients were divided into two groups: gastrointestinal dysfunction group and non-gastrointestinal dysfunction group. The acute physiology and chronic health evaluationⅡ(APACHEⅡ) score within 24 hours of admission and 28-day mortality were compared between two groups. In gastrointestinal dysfunction group, the gastrointestinal dysfunction score, the duration days of gastrointestinal dysfunction, the length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay, and the duration of mechanical ventilation were collected. Pearson correlation analysis was used to analyze the relationship between gastrointestinal function and the severity of the ailment as well as the prognosis.Results Among 39 patients with HS, 32 of them showed gastrointestinal dysfunction with an incidence of 82.05%. In gastrointestinal dysfunction group, the gastrointestinal dysfunction score was 2.3±0.8, the duration of gastrointestinal dysfunction was (17.3±15.2) days, the length of ICU stay was (37.8±25.0) days, and the duration of mechanical ventilation was (27.8±14.0) days. APACHEⅡ score in gastrointestinal dysfunction group was significantly higher than that of the non-gastrointestinal dysfunction group (26.30±6.00 vs. 17.40±6.00, t = 3.555,P = 0.001). The 28-day mortality in gastrointestinal dysfunction group was slightly higher than that of the non-gastrointestinal dysfunction group without statistically significant difference [43.75% (14/32) vs. 14.29% (1/7),P = 0.216]. It was shown by Pearson analysis that gastrointestinal dysfunction score was positively correlated with APACHEⅡ score (r = 0.727,P = 0.000), and the duration of gastrointestinal dysfunction was positively correlated with the length of ICU stay (r = 0.797,P = 0.000) and the duration of mechanical ventilation (r = 0.634,P = 0.000). Conclusion The results suggest that gastrointestinal function in patients with HS reflects the severity and prognosis of the ailment.

12.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 631-634,635, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-601459

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the correlation of carotid artery stenosis(CAS)with postoperative cognitive dysfunc?tion(POCD)in patients who underwent off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting(OPCABG). Methods Between March 2014 and October 2014, a total of 157 patients who underwent OPCABG in our hospital were enrolled and divided into POCD group and non-POCD group according to their performance respondent to MMSE questionnaire survey conducted 5 days before operation. LOTCA questionnaire survey was conducted at the first day and 7th days pre-and post-operation re?spectively in order to investigate the influence of CAS on POCD in patients. Results The incidence of POCD was 30.6%(48 out of 157). Advanced age, diabetes,cultural level,carotid artery stenosis, Hb level after operation, score of LOTCA question?naire survey conducted before surgery,time of respirator and the time spend in ICU were significant predictive factors for POCD. However, multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age, CAS and the time spend in ICU were independent risk factors for POCD, especially CAS(OR=5.078,95%CI:2.211-11.662, P<0.001). Patients with severe CAS suffer from a significant decline in cognitive function on space, time, action and ideation. Conclusion CAS is a predominant risk factor for POCD in patients undergoing OPCABG.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-233852

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Try to use free jejunum flaps reconstruction and laryngeal preservation for squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in the pharyngoesophageal junction.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirteen patients who underwent resections of SCC in the pharyngoesophageal junction with free jejunal interposition from August 2007 to December 2012 were reviewed. Of them, 8 had T3 lesions, 4 had T4 lesions, and one had radiation failure with rT2 lesion. Ten patients were treated with postoperative radiotherapy with a average dosage of 56 Gy.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The 3 year over all survival rate was 47.9% and disease-specific survival rate was 34.2%. The surgical complications occurred in 9 patients (9/13), including one death and one flap failure. Five patients (5/13) had permanent tracheal canulation, 10 patients (10/13) resumed oral feeding and all patients achieved reasonable speech.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Free jejunum interposition can be used to reconstruct surgical defect of SCC in the pharyngoesophageal junction, thus preserving the larynx and ensuring a better quality of life for the patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Anastomosis, Surgical , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , General Surgery , Esophagus , Humans , Jejunum , General Surgery , Larynx , Larynx, Artificial , Neck , Postoperative Complications , Quality of Life , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Methods , Surgical Flaps , Survival Rate
14.
China Oncology ; (12): 316-320, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-446123

ABSTRACT

Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC), as a special molecular subtype of breast cancer, is non-responsive to endocrine therapy or commercially available targeted therapy. It is characterized by early recurrence, rapid progression and poor prognosis. This systemic and comprehensive overview was focused on recent progress on molecular subtyping of triple negative breast cancer and its possible clinical value, chemotherapeutic agents and chemotherapy regimens, and combination of chemotherapy with potential molecular targeting agents.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-749476

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the significance of exposure of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN ) in thyroid gland surgery.@*METHOD@#Three hundred and thirty-two thyroidectomy cases were studied from January 2008 to June 2011. All patients had general anesthesia, and RLN were exposed during operation. One hundred and thirty-one cases were operated with total lobectomies, 138 cases with subtotal thyroidectomy, 51 cases with total lobectomies and contralateral subtotal thyroidectomy, 12 cases with total thyroidectomy.@*RESULT@#Five hundred and thirty-three RLNs were exposed, 4 cases came with hoarseness postoperatively, All cases recovered within 3 months.@*CONCLUSION@#Exposure the recurrent laryngeal nerve in the thyroidectomy was available and could protect RLN.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Hoarseness , General Surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Thyroidectomy , Methods , Young Adult
16.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 870-873, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-421678

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the relationship between the proliferation of parathyroid cell in rabbit with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) and the bone mineral density (BMD). MethodsEighty adult Chinese rabbits were randomly and equally divided into two groups. The contrast group was fed with normal diet ( Ca ∶ P, 1.0 ∶ 0. 7 ) and the experimental group was fed with high phosphate diet ( Ca ∶ P,1.0∶7.0) to establish the animal model of PHPT. At 3, 4, 5, and 6 months after the diet, bone mineral density of the rabbits was measured by the quantity CT (QCT). Then, the parathyroid and bone of the rabbits were removed for pathological examination. The number of parathyroid cell in PHPT was calculated.Proliferation was determined by immunohistochemistry of proliferation cell nuclear antigen ( PCNA ) and Bcl-2. The t test and Logistic regression was used to analyze the difference of data of two groups. ResultThe number of parathyroid cell in PHPT group was 1.61 times than that in the contrast group[ (673 ± 151 ) HP,(418 ± 25 ) HP,P <0. 01]. The rate of PCNA positive-cell was significantly increased in PHPT group than that in contrast group [(50.52 ± 11.62)%o, (26.70 ± 2. 78 )%, P < 0.01], and so was Bcl-2[ (460. 37 ± 190. 05 )‰, (67. 02 ±:4. 38 )%‰,P <0. 05]. The value of BMD was significantly decreased in PHPT group than that in contrast group [ ( 152. 5 ± 34. 3 ), ( 188.6 ± 12. 2 ) g/cm3, P < 0. 05]. There was a negative correlation between BMD and PCNA (r = -0. 749, P < 0. 05 ) and between BMD and Bcl-2 (r =-0.800, P < 0. 05 ) in PHPT group. ConclusionThe BMD of PHPT is related to the parathyroid cells proliferation which provide a reliable method for early diagnosis of PHPT.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-471425

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the MRI features of children's joint tuberculosis of the appendicular skeleton, and to evaluate the diagnostic value of MR imaging. Methods Sixteen consecutive patients confirmed clinically and pathologically were examined with SE-T1WI, FSE-T2WI, FSE-PDWI and PD-SPIR in Philips Achieva 3.0T superconduct MR scanner. Axial, sagital and coronal images were obtained. Articular structure was all analyzed based on the affected parts and features of MRI. Results Hip joint and knee joint were most likely to suffer (each 25.00%). Metaphysis was affected in 13 patients with long signal intensity on T1WI and long signal intensity on T2WI. The changes of articular cartilage presented as abnormality of signal intensity in 6 patients with focal high signal intensity on T2WI. Thirteen patients presented as joint effusion. Synovial thickening in 4 patients showed moderate homogeneous signal on T1WI and slightly lower signal on T2WI. Articular soft tissue was involved in 16 patients, including the formation of cold abscess in 2 and cellulitis in 1 patient, showing long signal intensity on T1WI and long signal intensity on T2WI. Conclusion MRI has the advantage of being able to detect early abnormalities of bone marrow, cartilage damage and to evaluate joint effusion, synovial thickening and soft tissue lesions.

18.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 514-518, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-394709

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the age-related pattern of normal skull bone marrow with 3. 0 T MR T1WI. Methods Cranial MR T1WI images which were defined to be normal were retrospectively reviewed in 360 cases. Patients with known diffuse bone marrow disease, focal lesions, history of radiation treatment or steroid therapy were excluded, while patients whose cranial MRI and follow-up visits were all normal were included in this study. All the subjects were divided into 7 groups according to the age: < 1, 1--2,3--5, 6--14, 15--29, 30--49, >50 years group. Mid- and para- sagittal T1WI images were used to be analyzed and the type of cranial bone marrow was classified according to the thickness of diploe and the pattern of the signal characteristics. Statistical analysis was conducted to reveal the relationship between the age and the type. Results The normal skull bone marrow could be divided into four types as follows: (1) Type- Ⅰ : 115 cases, 47 of which appeared type- Ⅰ a and the mean thickness was ( 1.24±0. 31 ) mm; 68 of which appeared type- Ⅰ b and the mean thickness was ( 1.76 ± 0. 37 ) mm. Type- Ⅱ : 57 cases and the mean thickness was (2.78 ±0.69) mm. Type-Ⅲ: 148 cases, 18 of which appeared type-Ⅲ a and the mean thickness was (2. 33±0. 65) mm; 88 of which appeared type-Ⅲ b and the mean thickness was (4. 01 ± 0. 86) mm; 42 of which appeared type-Ⅲ c and the mean thickness was (4. 31±0. 73) mm. Type-Ⅳ: 40 cases, 25 of which appeared type-Ⅳ a and the mean thickness was (5. 17 ± 1.02) mm; 15 of which appeared type-Ⅳ b and the mean thickness was (5.85±1.45) mm. (2) <1 year group: 40 cases, 20 of which appeared type- Ⅰ a, 20 type- Ⅰ b and the mean thickness of this group was ( 1.47 ± 0. 42 ) mm. 1-- 2 years group: 40 cases, 16 of which appeared type- Ⅰ a, 18 type- Ⅰ b, 6 type- Ⅱ and the mean thickness of this group was ( 1.68±0. 52) mm. 3--5 years group: 40 cases, 8 of which appeared type- Ⅰ a, 18 type-Ⅰb, 14 type-Ⅱ and the mean thickness of this group was (1.84±0.73) mm. 6--14 years group: 60 cases, 3 of which appeared type- Ⅰ a, 12 type- Ⅰ b, 27 type-Ⅱ , 12 type-Ⅲb, 6 type-Ⅲc, and the mean thickness of this group was (2.92±1. 00) mm. 15--29 years group: 60 cases, 7 of which appeared type-Ⅱ , 5 type-ma, 27 type-Ⅲb, 15 type-Ⅲc, 6 type-Ⅳa and the mean thickness of this group was (3.95 ± 0.97) mm. 30---49 years group: 60 cases, 3 of which appeared type-Ⅱ , 7 type-Ⅲa, 29 type-Ⅲb, 15 type-Ⅲc, 3 type-Ⅳa and 3 type-Ⅳb and the mean thickness of this group was (4. 30 ± 1.35) mm. ≥50 years group: 60 cases, 6 of which appeared type-Ⅲ a, 20 type-Ⅲb, 6 type-Ⅲc, 16 type-Ⅳa and 12 type-Ⅳb and the mean thickness of this group was (4.51 ± 1.40) mm. (3) There is a linear relationship between ages and types that is revealed by chi-square test (x2 = 266. 36, P < 0. 01 ). Conclusion There is characteristic in the distribution of normal skull bone marrow with age growing. And skull bone marrow transforms gradually from type- Ⅰ to Ⅳ with aging.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-331403

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to show the basic principle of receiver operating characteristic (ROC). Some advantages of ROC were given. A simple ROC curve was made to explain the method of plotting. An example of ROC applied to fMRI data was displayed, which showed that ROC can be effectively used in fMRI data.


Subject(s)
Brain , Physiology , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , ROC Curve , Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 400-404, 2003.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324464

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate magnetic resonance (MR) Imaging and (1)H magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)HMRS) in the study of normal biochemical process of the brain, as well as differentiation of normal senile brain from cerebral diseases related to senility.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and eighty healthy adult volunteers were selected for MR examination and 60 other healthy subjects for (1)HMRS examination. Ages of subjects ranged from 18 to 80 years. They were divided into six age groups. A 0.35 T superconductive MR system was used to perform MR examination. Point resolved spectroscopy sequence was required for (1)HMRS. The metabolites in the spectra included: N-acetylaspartate (NAA), choline compounds (CHO), creatine compounds (CR), myo-inositol (MI), glutamate and glutamine (Glu-n).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In 180 cases of MR, the shortest T(2) relaxation time occurred in the deep gray matter within the same age group while the length of T(1) relaxation time was ordered from low to high compared to age groups. T(2) relaxation time decreased as age increased. The peaks, ordered from high to low, were as follows in 60 cases of (1)HMRS: NAA, CR, CHO, MI, Glu-n. The ratios of NAA/CR and Glu-n/CR were higher in the senile age group, while that of MI/CR was lower. The ratio of CHO/CR was increased as age decreased. The ratio of NAA/CR and MI/CR gradually decreased in relation to movement from the anterior to the posterior part of the brain; the ratio of CHO/CR was highest in the occipital cortex. Correlation of T(1) relaxation time and partial metabolite ratios to age were present in gray matter.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Quantitative studies of MR T(1) and T(2) relaxation times and (1)HMRS are essential to evaluation of normal myelinization processes, neuronal integrity and age-related biochemical changes in the brain.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aging , Metabolism , Pathology , Brain , Metabolism , Pathology , Female , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Male , Middle Aged
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