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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886510

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To introduce a new type thoracic vest designed according to the incision characteristics of female patients undergoing totally thoracoscopic cardiac surgery. Methods    Sixty-one female patients undergoing totally thoracoscopic cardiac surgery from February 2019 to May 2020 in our department were enrolled. All female patients had hypermastia and (or) mastoptosis which covered the incision. They were randomly divided into a research group (group A, n=32) and a control group (group B, n=29). The group A used the new type thoracic vest, while the group B used the traditional single shoulder belt. The degree of satisfaction, visual analogue scale (VAS) score 24 hours after the thoracic drainage tube removed, the average time-consuming of dressing change, dressing frequency and the incision infection rate were compared between two groups. Results    The degree of satisfaction in the group A was higher than that of the group B (P<0.001). The VAS scores of pain, average time-consuming of dressing change and dressing frequency in the group A were less or lower than those of the group B (P<0.001). There was no statistical difference in the incision infection rate between the two groups (P=0.214), but incision infection rate of the group A was lower than that of the group B. Conclusion    The new type thoracic vest seems to be more beneficial for patients than traditional single shoulder belt. It is easy to use, increases the psychological satisfaction of patients, reduces the pain and the incision infection and improves work efficiency, which is worthy of clinical application.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871602

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyse the clinical outcomes in patients after systemic-pulmonary shunt in order to improve the early and interim outcome and decrease the operative complications.Methods:Between June 2009 and December 2017, 92 patients with age from 3 months to 40 years, and weight from 3.5 to 60.0 kg, underwent a systemic-pulmonary shunt. Indications for surgical palliation were tetralogy of Fallot(TOF) in 31 patients, pulmonary atresia(PA)with ventricular septal defect with in 29 patients, PA with intact ventricular in 3 patients, functional single ventricle(SV)with pulmonary stenosis(PS) in 8 patients, double outlet right ventricle(DORV) with PS in 8 patients, transposition of the great arteries(TGA) with PS in 5 patients, TGA with PA in 3 patients, corrective transposition of the great arteries(ccTGA) with PA in 2 patients, the others in 3 patients. 30 patients were with PDA. The surgical procedure included modified Blalock-Taussig(B-T) shunt in 55 patients, central aortopulmonary shunt(Waterston)in 31 patients, and Melbourne shunt in 6 patients.Results:There were 7 early operative deaths, the early mortality was 7.6%. There were 9 patients with acute shunt blockage within the first 24 h, including TOF(2 patients), PA/VSD(4 patients), DORV/PS(1 patient), cCTGA/PA(1 patinet) and TA/PS(1 patinet). There was only 1 patient with acute shunt blockage after 2015. Overall , 48(48/85, 56.5%) patients were bridged to the comlpete repair or the second stage of Fontan operation. 7 patients were received the second shunt operations. 30 patients were still waiting for the next therapy.Conclusion:Systemic-pulmonary shunt is not a so-simple palliative procedure, the good early and interim outcome is associated with the choice of shunt method and perioperative treatment of complications.

3.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 127-132, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808231

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To detect the high mobility group A2 (HMGA2) expression in renal carcinoma, and to explore the relationship with clinicopathological features and its significance for prognosis.@*Methods@#50 renal carcinoma specimens, 50 corresponding adjacent normal kidney tissue samples, and 40 benign renal tumor specimens were used in this study. The expressions of HMGA2 mRNA and protein were detected by RT-PCR, Western blot and immunohistochemical assays, and its relationship with clinicopathological features and prognosis in the renal carcinoma patients was analyzed.@*Results@#The RT-PCR results showed that the relative expression levels of HMGA2 mRNA in the renal carcinoma, benign renal tumor tissues, and adjacent normal renal tissues were 0.84±0.23, 0.19± 0.06 and 0.08±0.04, respectively, and the expression in renal carcinoma tissue was significantly higher than those of the other 2 groups (P<0.01). The Western blot results showed that the relative expression levels of HMGA2 protein in the renal carcinoma, benign renal tumor tissues, and adjacent normal renal tissues were 0.91±0.24, 0.12±0.04 and 0.03±0.01, respectively, and the expression in renal carcinoma tissue was significantly higher than those of the other 2 groups (P<0.01). Immunohistochemical results showed that the expression of HMGA2 protein exhibited brown and tan granular, which mainly distributed in the cell nuclei. Among the 50 cases of renal carcinoma, 34 cases exhibited positive expression, with a positive rate of 68.0%. Among the 40 cases of benign tumor tissues, 3 cases had positive expression, with a positive rate of 7.5%, while among the 50 cases of adjacent normal renal tissues, there was only 1 case exhibiting positive expression of HMGA2 protein, with a positive rate of 2.0%. The protein expression of HMGA2 was significantly higher in the renal carcinoma than in the benign tumors and normal renal tissues (P=0.004). There was no statistically significant difference in the association of HMGA2 protein expressions with age, sex, tumor size and histological type (P>0.05), while significant difference did exist in the association with different statuses of TNM staging and lymph node metastasis (P<0.05). The median time to progression (TTP) in 34 HMGA2 protein-positive patients was (22.36±1.48) months and that of 16 HMGA2 protein-negative patients was (34.55±1.87) months (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#HMGA2 plays an important role in the tumorigenesis and development of renal carcinoma, and may be used as an important predictor for estimating the prognosis of renal carcinoma. HMGA2 might become a new diagnostic and prognostic marker for renal carcinoma.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711692

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the surgical strategy for pulmonary valve preservation in repair of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) and analyze the outcomes in young children patients.Methods A total of 211 TOF younger children less than threeyear-old between January 2009 and December 2015 had received pulmonary valve-sparing(PVS) surgical repair.At the end of the procedure,the peak RV/LV pressure ratio(PRV/PLV) and transannular pressure gradient were performed in all patients.114 patients had higher PRV/PLV rati ≥ 0.8.The former 54 patients,right ventricle infundubulum sparing (RVIS) stragery were made to relieve the RVOTO.However,only 8 patinets of the later 60 cases had received RVIS in TOF repair,whose systemic blood pressure was instable with the large dose of dopamine≥10 μg · kg-1 · min-1 and epinephrine≥0.05 μg · kg-1 · min-1 or the transannular pressure gradient≥30 mmHg (1 mmHg =0.133 kPa).114 patients were divided by two group(52 cases in PVS group and 62 cases in RVIS group) and compared by the early outcomes.Results The median cardiopulmonary bypass time of RVIS group was significantly more than that of PVS group[(110.3 ± 12.0)min vs(77.7 ± 10.0)min].The postoperative index of the patients in PVS group,including transannular pressure gradient [(21.0 ± 5.4) mmHg vs (16.0 ± 3.6) mmHg,P < 0.05],PRV/PLV ratio(0.82 ± 0.03 vs.0.67 ± 0.12,P < 0.01),median using time of dopamine and epinephrine[(6.03 ±9.60)days vs.(4.20 ±1.90)days,P<0.01],median extubation time[(81.2 ±27.6)h vs.(38.5 ±33.0) h,P < 0.01],ICU stay time [(6.3 ± 1.7) days vs.(4.3 ± 1.9) days,P < 0.01],using of peritoneal dialysis (8/52 vs 4/62,P < 0.01)were more than those in RVIS group.There was no difference of mortality between two groups.Fellow up 12-50 months,there was no difference of LVEF,MPI and TAPSE between two groups.However,the severity of pulmonary regurgitation in patients of PVS group was significant less than those of RVIS group.Conclusion PVS and RVIS in TOF repair could decrease the severity of pulmonary regurgitation after operation.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620816

ABSTRACT

Objective The study aimed to evaluate the short and middle term results in the patients with tetralogy of Fallot(TOF) after one-stage repair and staged repair.Methods A total of 459 TOF younger children less than five-year-old between January 2009 and December 2013 had received surgical repair,including 416 patients by one-stage repair(group Ⅰ)and 43 patients by staged repair(group Ⅱ).Among them,245 were male and 214 were female.The average repair surgical age was 27.8 ranged from 4 to 60 months,average palliation age was 15.4 ranged from 3 to 40 months.23 perioperative and follow-up parameters were assessed including sex,age,weight,preoperative clinic symptom,ratio of McGoon,pulmonary artery index,Z score of pulmonary annulus,cardiopulmonary bypass time,aortic cross-clamping time,type of VSD repair,type of RVOT procedure,Peak RV/LV pressure radio,RV-PA pressure grade,mortality,severely low cardiac output syndrome,hypoxemia,extubation time,ICU time,fellow-up time,left ventricular eject faction,RV index of myocardial performance (MPI),tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion(TAPSE) and pulmonary regurgitation.Results Compared with group Ⅰ,age and weight were significantly lower in patients in group Ⅱ[(19.1 ± 16.4) months vs.(21.1 ± 11.2) months,P < 0.05) and(19.1 ±16.4) kgvs.(21.1 ±11.2) kg,P <0.01].The Z score of pulmonary annulus of patients in group Ⅱ were significantly less than those in group Ⅰ (-3.69 ± 2.36 vs.-2.50 ± 1.95,P < 0.01).The ratio of repairing VSD by RV incision and using TAP in patient of group Ⅱ were significantly more than those in group(27/43 vs.71/413,P <0.01),(41/43 vs.221/413,P <0.01).There was no difference of mortality,complication,extubation time and ICU time bewteen two groups.All patients followed up 12-52 months,there was no difference of LVEF,MPI and TAPSE between two groups.However,the severity of pulmonary regurgitation in patients of group Ⅱ was significant more than those of group Ⅰ (47.6% vs.32.1%,P < 0.01).Conclusion The early and mid-term results in the the young children patients with TOF after one-stage repair or staged repair were good.Although the prior palliative shunt could promote the development of the hypoplasia pulmonary arteries in the young children patient,it may related to the technique of repairing operations and the postoperative pulmonary regurgitation.

6.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 735-739, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502447

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the safety,efficiency of retroperitoneal laparoscopic partial nephrectomy combined with four points location in 3D model or 3Dimensional CT for completely endophytic tumors,and summarize the surgical experience.Methods From Jan 2015 to Jan 2016,5 patients with completely endophytic tumors,who underwent retroperitoneal laparoscopic partial nephrectomy were recruited.one patient underwent 3D printing kidney model,and another 4 patients underwent 3Dimensional CT and locating four projection positions of the tumor on the surface,in order to guide the tumor resection in laparoscopic partial nephrectomy.Perioperative,operative,and postoperative,as well as oncological outcomes were analyzed.Results In all 5patients,preoperative four points location in 3D model or 3Dimensional CT for completely endophytic tumors is feasible and accurate in term of locating the tumor.The mean operative time was(129.0 ± 19.5) min,mean warm ischaemia time was (19.6 ± 5.4) min and mean estimated blood loss was(100 ± 83) ml.Pathological examination showed cell renal cell carcinoma.All the patients had a negative surgical margin,and no tumor recurrence or metastasis during 6-18months of follow up.Conclusions In experienced institutes,retroperitoneal laparoscopic partial nephrectomy combined with four points location in 3D model or 3Dimensional CT for completely endophytic tumors is a feasible and safe procedure in terms of accurate locations,low complication rates,reasonable functional and oncologic outcomes after an intermediate-term follow-up

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-480015

ABSTRACT

Objective The aim was to evaluate the development of pulmonary arteries(PA) in patients with pulmonary atresia,ventricular septal defect and diminutive pulmonary arteries by using a central end-to-side shunt between the ascending aorta and pulmonary arteries and to identify the associated factors for the results.Methods 51 consecutive patients(37 male,14 female) with pulmonary atresia,ventricular septal defect and diminutive pulmonary arteries received a central end-to-side shunt between PA and the ascending aorta from May 2004 to June 2013.Ages and weight ranged between 2-86 months and 2.5-21.5 kg,respectively.39 patients with main PA diameters less than 4 mm received the central end-to-side shunt between the ascending aorta and PA,and 14 patients with main pulmonary arteries absence received a modified shunt.Results There were no deaths during operation and follow-up.Compared with preoperative measures,total pulmonary artery index increased from a mean value of(68.8 ± 11.4) mm2/m2 to(129.1 ± 24.9) mm2/m2 (P < 0.001) at the time of six months or the final repair after shunt.The increased pulmonary artery index change was(87.7 ± 27.4) % (27.0% to 150.0%).By multivariate regression analysis,age at shunt,shunt procedure and number of major aortopulmonary collateral arteries were correlated with increasing pulmonary artery index change.Conclusion The central end-to-side shunt between the ascending aorta and pulmonary arteries promoted sufficient growth of the diminutive central pulmonary arteries.Due to the risk of a distortion of pulmonary branches,we interposed a modified procedure for patients with main pulmonary arteries absence.It is technically easy to perform,warrants low risk of shunt thrombosis in the early postoperative period.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-454032

ABSTRACT

Objective To prospectively study the clinical significance of the MELD scoring system in surgical treatment of obstructive jaundice.Methods 112 patients with obstructive jaundice who were admitted into our hospital from January 2009 to December 2013 were divided into two groups:group A (Stage Ⅰ PTCD and stage Ⅱ open operation,n =53) and group B (1 stage open surgery,n =59).The amount of intraoperative bleeding blood loss,operation time,postoperative complications,duration of hospitalization,mortality rate,and the changes in liver function after surgery were compared between the two groups.Results The differences in the liver function index of the two groups on the same postoperative date were significantly different (P < 0.05).The liver function of group A recovered faster than group B.Patients in group A with a MELD < 10 points stayed in hospital significantly longer when compared with patients in group B.For patients in group A with MELD > 10 points,the operation time,bleeding volume,postoperative complications and hospitalization were significantly less than the patients in group B (P < 0.05).There were 3 patients (group B) who died with MELD ≥ 20 points after operation.Conclusions In patients with obstructive jaundice with a MELD score greater than 10 points,especially those with a score equal to or greater than 20,PTCD should be performed first to relieve biliary tract obstruction,followed by a stage Ⅱ open surgical operation after the liver function had improved.MELD had important clinical significance in the evaluation of operation risk in patients with obstructive jaundice.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-435140

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the relation of right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) procedures for repair of tetralogy of Fallot and postoperative right ventricular function in order to improve the postoperative results at mid-long term follow-up.Methods A total of 125 patients for data collection with repair of TOF between January 2003 and January 2006 were prospectively enrolled in the study.Among them,66 were male and 59 were female.The ages ranged from 1 to 5 (3.4 ± 1.1) years,weight from 7 to 26 (15.2 ± 5.7) kg.20 healthy controls with a similar age and body weight were included.The type of RVOT procedure included transannular patch repair (M1) in 67 patients,patch to infundibulum (M2) in 6 patients,tranright-ventricle (RV) no patch repair (M3) in 18 patients and transatrial-transpulmonary no patch repair (M4) in 34 patients.Doppler echocardiogram and tissue Doppler imaging were performed to evaluate RV function.RV systolic function was evaluatedusing tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) and index of myocardial performance (MPI).RV diastolic function was evaluatedusing ratio of Em/Am and E/Em.Unvariate and logistic regression analysis were used to identify the affective factors.Results In five years fellow-up,MPI and E/Em were higher in patents with M1 and M2 than those in the patients with M3 and M4.Univariate analysis revealed Nakata index,previous shunt operation,operative techniques、postoperative pulmonary regurgitation and during of QRS as risk factors for MPI.In the multivariate analysis,operative techniques and during of QRS were risk factors for MPI.Univariate analysis revealed Nakata index,operative techniques,PR and during of QRS as risk factors for E/Em.In the multivariate analysis,PR was the risk factor for E/Em.Conclusion RV dysfunction is associated with the type of RVOT procedure,diastolic dysfunction is correlative with postoperative PR and systolic dysfunction is correlative with enlarge of RVOT with patch and during of QRS.Echocardiographic imaging is a simple and reliable method for assessment of RV function after repaired TOF.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-421039

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the results of the Fontan procedure in patients with visceroatrial heterotaxy syndrome and complex cardiac anomalies.Methods From April 2002 through December 2010,25 patients (male 10,female 15) had undergone the Fontan procedure for heterotaxy syndrome or atrial isomerism and complex congenital heart disease 28 times.Median age at operation was (9.1 ± 5.5) years (2 to 18 years).Heterotaxy syndrome were associated with right atrial isomerism (n =18) or left atrial isomerism (n =7),asplenia (n =13) or polysplenia (n =7),double inlet of left ventricle (n =15),double inlet and outlet of left ventricle (n =5),double outlet right ventricle with pulmonary atresia (n =2) and with pulmonary stenosis (n =1),tricuspid or mitral atresia (n =2).A bidirectional cavopulmonary shunt was performed in 8 patients (bilateral in 3 patients).A cavopulmonary shunt placement,so-called Kawashima operation,was performed in 4 patients.An extracardiac conduit Fontan connection was pefformed in 15 patients and intracardiac lateral tunnel Fontan connection in one patient.Results 2 patients died in hospital caused by ventricular failure.Five patients developed early postoperative atrial arrhythmias and 2 patients had sinus node dysfunction.Mean arterial oxygen saturation at discharge was 0.86 ± 0.07 (range,0.78 to 1.00).Follow-up (range,0.5 to 7 years) was available on 15 patients.Mean arterial oxygen saturation was 0.82 ±0.08 (range,0.68 to 0.97).Ventricular function was normal in 13 patients (EF range,0.50 to 0.66) and depressed in 2 patients.Four patients had a junctional rhythm.Conclusion The Fontan procedure was still the main procedure for patients with visceroatrial heterotaxy syndrome and complex cardiac anomalies,which can reach satisfactory early and medium-term results.The choice of Fontan procedure,extracardiac conduit Fontan connection,aggressive treatment of concomitant malformations were essential to improve the outcomes.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-419930

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the indication and surgical technique for treating tetralogy of F allot with pulmonary atresia (TOF-PA).Methods From June 1984 to June 2009,66 patients with TOF-PA underwent 69 operations.Among them,34 were males and 32 females.Their age ranged from 6 months to 29 years.The anatomic characteristics of TOF-PA included 31 cases of Type Ⅰ,14 Type Ⅱ,12 Type Ⅲ and 9 Type Ⅳ.The operations included palliative aorto-pulmonary shunts in 11 cases,one-stage unifocalization with unpatched VSD in 2 cases,one stage complete repair in 40 cases,one-stage unifocalization with VSD repair in 13 cases,and delayed intracardiac repair after shunt procedures in 3 cases.Results There were 6 early deaths,including 1 death happened after aorta-pulmonary shunt and 5 after complete repair.The causes of death were severe low cardiac output in 3 cases,respiratory failure in 1,multiorgan function failure in 1 and severe wound infection with endocarditis in 1 after aorta-pulmonary shunt.The postoperative oxygen saturation of the patients undergone shunt and one stage unifocalization with unpatched VSD increased to 82% ~ 91%.The postoperative ratio of right ventricular pressure/left ventricular pressure after complete repair was < 0.5 in 31 cases,18 cases were between 0.5 and 7 cases > 0.75.47 patients were followed up from 3 months to 15.5 years.The heart function(NYHA) of 44 patients were in class Ⅰ or Ⅱ and 3 in class Ⅲ or Ⅳafter operation.Conclusion The surgical strategy for TOF-PA mainly depends on the anatomic characteristics of the pulmonary and aortopulmonary collateral arteries.An individualized approach based on the anatomy of the pulmonary circuits permits a better result in the patients with TOF-PA.Patients with well developed pulmonary arteries should undergo one stage complete repair as early as possible.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-589708

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the feasibility and accuracy of sentinel lymph node biopsy(SLN) following neoadjuvant chemotherapy.Methods:Sentinel lymph node biopsy was evaluated following two or three cycles of neoadjuvant chemotherapy with pharmorubicin /cyclophosphamide/5-FU(CEF,48 patients) or pharmorubicin /cyclophosphamide / taxotere(CET,12 patients).Two ml 1% methylene blue was subcutaneously injected at 4 sites of the skin over the tumor before radical operation.Pathohistological results were assessed for all the specimen including blue lymph node and other axillary lymph node(ALND). Results:Among the 66 patients SLN was identified in 60 of them(90%).Residual metastatic disease was identified in 23 cases on SLN,including 15 positive and 8 negative node on ALND,37 cases were completely negative on SLN including 35 negative and 2 positive node on ALND,and SLN was falsely negative in 2 cases(8%).Conclusion:The success rate of sentinel node identification and the predict ability of the SLN for the pathologic status of the adjacent non-SLNs do not seem to be altered after neoadjuvant therapy.

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