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1.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1168-1172, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796874

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the signal transduction mechanisms of time-dependent effects of 50 Hz 1.8 mT sinusoidal electromagnetic fields(SEMFs)on osteoblastic activity.@*Methods@#Newborn rat calvarial osteoblasts(ROBs)were treated with 50 Hz 1.8mT SEMFs for 30, 60, 90, 120, and 150 min, respectively.Intracellular alkaline phosphatase(ALP)activity was assayed, and protein expression of Runt-related transcription factor 2(Runx2), Smad1/5/8 and mitogen-activated protein kinases(MAPKs)were examined by Western blot.The Dual-Luciferase Reporter Assay System was used to measure the activity of the Wnt pathway.Immunofluorescence staining and laser confocal microscopy were applied to examine the nuclear translocation of Smad1/5/8 and β-catenin.Changes in ALP activity were determined after inhibiting p38 MAPK using a specific inhibitor.@*Results@#ALP activity of ROBs increased after 30, 60, 90, 120 and 150 min of SEMFs treatment, compared with the control group(51.41±5.21, 59.47±4.02, 67.56±4.68, 63.69±3.92, and 58.16±3.61 vs.45.53±3.24), and reached the highest value at 90 min and then started to decline.Protein expression of Runx-2, p-Smad1/5/8, p-p38 and β-catenin increased after SEMFs treatment, and reached the highest value at 90 min and then gradually returned to baseline levels.The values for Wnt pathway activity for the control group and with SEMFs treatment at 30, 60, 90, 120 and 150 min were 0.49±0.06, 0.52±0.09, 0.75±0.05, 0.77±0.42, 0.58±0.08 and 0.42±0.09, respectively.Wnt pathway activity, the nuclear translocation of β-catenin and Smad1/5/8 reached the highest level at 90 min.Values of ALP activity in the control group and the SEMFs group were 44.60±3.84 and 71.54±7.34, respectively, before specifically inhibiting p38 MAPK, and were 52.08±0.83 and 52.15±10.77, respectively, after p38 MAPK inhibition, indicating that ALP activity could not be increased with inhibition.@*Conclusions@#50 Hz 1.8 mT SEMFs increase osteoblastic activity by activating the BMP-2/Smad1/5/8, Wnt/β-catenin and p38 MAPK signal pathways.The optimal duration of treatment is 90 min per day.

2.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1168-1172, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791658

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the signal transduction mechanisms of time-dependent effects of 50 Hz 1.8 mT sinusoidal electromagnetic fields(SEMFs)on osteoblastic activity.Methods Newborn rat calvarial osteoblasts(ROBs) were treated with 50 Hz 1.8mT SEMFs for 30,60,90,120,and 150 min,respectively.Intracellular alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity was assayed,and protein expression of Runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2),Smad1/5/8 and mitogen-activated protein kinases(MAPKs)were examined by Western blot.The Dual-Luciferase Reporter Assay System was used to measure the activity of the Wnt pathway.Immunofluorescence staining and laser confocal microscopy were applied to examine the nuclear translocation of Smad1/5/8 and β-catenin.Changes in ALP activity were determined after inhibiting p38 MAPK using a specific inhibitor.Results ALP activity of ROBs increased after 30,60,90,120 and 150 min of SEMFs treatment,compared with the control group(51.41±5.21,59.47±4.02,67.56[4.68,63.69±3.92,and 58.16±3.61 vs.45.53± 3.24),and reached the highest value at 90 min and then started to decline.Protein expression of Runx-2,p-Smad1/5/8,p-p38 and β-catenin increased after SEMFs treatment,and reached the highest value at 90 min and then gradually returned to baseline levels.The values for Wnt pathway activity for the control group and with SEMFs treatment at 30,60,90,120 and 150 min were 0.49± 0.06,0.52 ± 0.09,0.75±0.05,0.77 ± 0.42,0.58 ± 0.08 and 0.42 ± 0.09,respectively.Wnt pathway activity,the nuclear translocation of β-catenin and Smad1/5/8 reached the highest level at 90 min.Values of ALP activity in the control group and the SEMFs group were 44.60±3.84 and 71.54±7.34,respectively,before specifically inhibiting p38 MAPK,and were 52.08±0.83 and 52.15±10.77,respectively,after p38 MAPK inhibition,indicating that ALP activity could not be increased with inhibition.Conclusions 50 Hz 1.8 mT SEMFs increase osteoblastic activity by activating the BMP-2/Smad1/5/8,Wnt/β-catenin and p38 MAPK signal pathways.The optimal duration of treatment is 90 min per day.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819079

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of icaritin on maturation and mineralization of mouse osteoblast MC3T3-E1 cells and its mechanism. Methods: The cultured MC3T3-E1 cells were divided into blank control group, CXC chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4) inhibitor (AMD3100) group, icaritin group, and icaritin plus AMD3100 group. The expression of CXCR4, stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1) and osteogenesis-related genes and proteins were detected by real-time RT-PCR and Western blotting after drug treatment for 24 h. The alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity was determined with ALP kit on d3 and d6; calcium nodules were detected by alizarin red staining after drug treatment for 14 d. Results: Real time RT-PCR showed that compared with the blank control group, relative expressions of CXCR4, SDF-1 and osteogenesis-related genes in icaritin group were significantly increased (PPCXCR4 gene was decreased (PPPPPConclusion: Icaritin may promote maturation and mineralization of mouse osteoblast MC3T3-E1 cells through CXCR4/SDF-1 signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
3T3 Cells , Animals , Calcification, Physiologic , Chemokine CXCL12 , Metabolism , Flavonoids , Pharmacology , Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental , Mice , Osteoblasts , Cell Biology , Receptors, CXCR4 , Metabolism , Signal Transduction
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819077

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the effects of 50 Hz 1.8 mT sinusoidal magnetic field (SEMF) and 50 Hz 0.6 mT pulsed electromagnetic field(PEMF) on the maturation and mineralization of rat calvaria osteoblasts. Methods: Primary cultured rat calvarial osteoblasts were divided into 3 groups:blank control group, SEMF group and PEMF group. The rats in SEMT and PEMT groups were treated with 50 Hz 1.8 mT SEMF or 50 Hz 0.6 mT PEMF for 90 min/d, respectively. Western blotting and Real-time RT-PCR were used to detect the protein and mRNA expressions of Collagen-1, bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2), osterix (OSX) and Runt-associated transcription factor 2(Runx-2). The alkaline phosphatase(ALP) activity was detected by ALP test kits at d6 and d9 after treatment, and by ALP staining using azo coupling at d10 after treatment. The formation of calcium nodules was observed by alizarin red staining. Results: Compared with blank control group, the protein and mRNA expressions of Collagen-1, BMP-2, OSX and Runx-2 in SEMT and PEMT groups were significantly increased (P P PP0.05); after 9 days treatment, the activities of ALP in both PEMF and SEMP groups were significantly higher than that in blank control group (all PP0.05). After 10 days treatment, ALP staining was increased in both PEMF and SEMF groups compared with that in blank control group (all PPPPConclusion: Both 50 Hz 1.8 mT that in SEMF and 50 Hz 0.6 mT PEMF can promote the maturation and mineralization of osteoblasts, and the effect of PEMF is more marked.


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcification, Physiologic , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Electromagnetic Fields , Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental , Radiation Effects , Magnetic Fields , Osteoblasts , Cell Biology , Radiation Effects , Rats , Skull
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