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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-638207

ABSTRACT

Background Laser peripheral iridoplasty (LPI) is widely used in the treatment of glaucoma by flattening the iris and widening angle of anterior chamber (AA).However,no evidence suggests the optimal site of LPI in iris.Objective This study was to compare the therapeutic effects of LPI at different sites of iris for glaucoma.Methods Glaucoma models were established in the right eyes of 40 healthy adult male pigment rabbits by intrachamber injection of 0.1 ml compound carbomer solution with 0.3% carbomer and 0.025% dexamethasone.The models were randomly divided into model control group,corneoscleral limbus group,one spot from corneoscleral limbus group and two spots from corneoscleral limbus group.LPI was performed at corresponding site of iris by 532 nm argon laser with the spot diameter 500 μm,energy 300 mW,exposure time 0.3 seconds and laser number 24 spots,and the rabbits in the model control group did not receive LPI.Intraocular pressure (IOP),coefficient of outflow facility (C value) were measured and calculated with Schi(o)tz tonometer before LPI and 2,4,7,14 and 30 days after LPI,and anterior chamber depth (ACD),AA,anterior chamber angle opening distance within 500 μm radius from scleral spur (AOD500) were measured with ultrasound biomicroscope (UBM).The eyeballs were extracted 30 days after LPI,and the chamber angle were observed under the optical microscope after hematoxylin and eosin staining.The use and care of the animals complied with the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals of the National Institutes of Health.Results UBM showed that compared with the model control group,the anterior chamber angle was evidently widened in all the LPI groups,with the best effectiveness in the one spot from corneoscleral limbus group and the worst one in the two spots from corneoscleral limbus group.Compared with the model control group,the IOP was evidently reduced,and C values,AA and AOD500 were significantly increased in the corneoscleral limbus group,one spot from corneoscleral limbus group and two spots from corneoscleral limbus group after LPI,showing significant differences among the four groups (IOP:Fgroup =16.848,P < 0.01;C value:Fgroup =9.629,P < 0.01;AA:Fgroup =62.336,P<0.01;AOD500:Fgroup =77.779,P < 0.01).IOP was reduced and C value,AA and AOD500 were increased in 2,4,7,14 and 30 days after LPI as compared with before LPI,with significant differences over time (IOP:Ftime =3.041,P =0.011;C value:Ftime =4.311,P<0.01;AA:Ftime =14.627,P<0.01;AOD500:Ftime =20.378,P<0.01).Compared with the model control group,the ACD was significantly increased in the corneoscleral limbus group and one spot from corneoscleral limbus group,and that in the two spots from corneoscleral limbus group was significantly reduced,and the ACD was insignificantly increased over time after LPI (Fgroup =18.017,P<0.01;Ftime =0.022,P =1.000).Hematoxylin and eosin staining showed that the trabecular meshwork and adhesion of tissure were reopened and the anterior chamber angle was widened after LPI.Conclusions LPI can widen anterior chamber angle and lower the IOP.The best therapeutic outcome for glaucoma is displayed when LPI is performed at the iris site corresponding to one spot from the corneoscleral limbus.

2.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 267-271, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737630

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the cost-utility of different hepatitis E vaccination strategies in women aged 15 to 49.Methods The Markov-decision tree model was constructed to evaluate the cost-utility of three hepatitis E virus vaccination strategies.Parameters of the models were estimated on the basis of published studies and experience of experts.Both methods on sensitivity and threshold analysis were used to evaluate the uncertainties of the model.Results Compared with non-vaccination group,strategy on post-screening vaccination with rate as 100%,could save 0.10 quality-adjusted life years per capital in the women from the societal perspectives.After implementation of screening program and with the vaccination rate reaching 100%,the incremental cost utility ratio (ICUR) of vaccination appeared as 5 651.89 and 6 385.33 YuaWQALY,respectively.Vaccination post to the implementation of a screening program,the result showed better benefit than the vaccination rate of 100%.Results from the sensitivity analysis showed that both the cost of hepatitis E vaccine and the inoculation compliance rate presented significant effects.If the cost were lower than 191.56 Yuan (RMB) or the inoculation compliance rate lower than 0.23,the vaccination rate of 100% strategy was better than the post-screening vaccination strategy,otherwise the post-screening vaccination strategy appeared the optimal strategy.Conclusion Post-screening vaccination for women aged 15 to 49 from social perspectives seemed the optimal one but it had to depend on the change of vaccine cost and the rate of inoculation compliance.

3.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 267-271, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-736162

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the cost-utility of different hepatitis E vaccination strategies in women aged 15 to 49.Methods The Markov-decision tree model was constructed to evaluate the cost-utility of three hepatitis E virus vaccination strategies.Parameters of the models were estimated on the basis of published studies and experience of experts.Both methods on sensitivity and threshold analysis were used to evaluate the uncertainties of the model.Results Compared with non-vaccination group,strategy on post-screening vaccination with rate as 100%,could save 0.10 quality-adjusted life years per capital in the women from the societal perspectives.After implementation of screening program and with the vaccination rate reaching 100%,the incremental cost utility ratio (ICUR) of vaccination appeared as 5 651.89 and 6 385.33 YuaWQALY,respectively.Vaccination post to the implementation of a screening program,the result showed better benefit than the vaccination rate of 100%.Results from the sensitivity analysis showed that both the cost of hepatitis E vaccine and the inoculation compliance rate presented significant effects.If the cost were lower than 191.56 Yuan (RMB) or the inoculation compliance rate lower than 0.23,the vaccination rate of 100% strategy was better than the post-screening vaccination strategy,otherwise the post-screening vaccination strategy appeared the optimal strategy.Conclusion Post-screening vaccination for women aged 15 to 49 from social perspectives seemed the optimal one but it had to depend on the change of vaccine cost and the rate of inoculation compliance.

4.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 109-118, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-242407

ABSTRACT

The monoamine oxidase mutant A-1 (F210V/L213C) from Aspergillus niger showed some catalytic activity on mexiletine. To futher improve its activity, the mutant was subjected to directed evolution with MegaWHOP PCR (Megaprimer PCR of Whole Plasmid) and selection employing a high-throughput agar plate-based colorimetric screen. This approach led to the identification of a mutant ep-1, which specific activity was 189% of that for A-1. The ep-1 also showed significantly improved enantioselectivity, with the E value increased from 101 to 282; its kinetic k(cat)/K(m) value increased from 0.001 51 mmol/(L x s) to 0.002 89 mmol/(L x s), suggesting that catalytic efficiency of ep-1 had been improved. The mutant showed obviously higher specific activities on 7 of all tested 11 amines substrates, and the others were comparable. Sequence analysis revealed that there was a new mutation T162A on ep-1. The molecular dynamics simulation indicated that T162A may affect the secondary structure of the substrate channel and expand the binding pocket.


Subject(s)
Aspergillus niger , Catalysis , Kinetics , Monoamine Oxidase , Genetics , Metabolism , Mutation , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Protein Engineering , Protein Structure, Secondary , Substrate Specificity
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