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International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 655-659,F3, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907499


Objective:To introduce the usefulness and advantages of needle-type choledochotomy in laparoscopic common bile duct exploration.Methods:A retrospective analysis for the data of 1 107 patients who successfully implemented laparoscopic common bile duct exploration in Subei People′s Hospital of Jiangsu Province from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2020 were applied. All cases were divided into the study group 662 cases with needle-type choledochotomy) and the control group (445 cases with non-needle-type choledochotomy) according to the manipulation of common bile duct incision. The time-cost, incidences of bleeding and bile leakage, as well as the recurrence rate of bile duct stone and the incidence of bile duct stenosis were observed and compared between the two groups. Normally distributed data were expressed as mean±standard deviation ( Mean± SD) and compared by t test while count data were expressed as frequency or percentage and compared by chi-square test or Fisher′s exact test. Results:The bile duct incision time and bleeding rate were (14.45±2.46) s and 25.1% in the study group, (104.48±15.32) s and 68.1% in the control group, respectively. The differences between the two groups were statistically significant ( P<0.001). The incidence of stone recurrence, biliary leakage, and bile duct stricture were 3.0%, 3.6% and 0.3% in the study group, 4.9%, 5.6% and 0.4% in the control group, respectively. There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Needle-type bile duct incision can be used as a routine manipulation in laparoscopic common bile duct exploration for its time-saving, less bleeding, safe and easy to handling.

Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 198-202, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868281


Objective:To explore risk factors of death in type A intramural hematoma (IMH) patients with conservative therapy and provide important information for clinical risks stratification and decisions-making.Methods:This retrospectively study enrolled 130 patients diagnosed with type A IMH in the first CT examination at Fuwai Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and only received conservative therapy between September 2009 and June 2018. Baseline clinical and CT characteristics were recorded. All patients enrolled were followed up. The endpoint was aortic disease-related death, patients were divided into endpoint group and non-endpoint group according to whether or not an endpoint event occurs. Difference between two groups of normally distributed continuous variables, non-normally distributed continuous variables and categorical variables were tested by independent sample t test, Mann-Whitney U test and chi-square test or Fisher′s exact test, respectively. Independent risk factors related to outcomes were assessed with Cox regression analysis and survival analysis. Results:In baseline CT data, the mean value of the maximum aortic diameter (MAD) was (49.2±6.9) mm, and the median value of the maximum hematoma thickness (MTH) was 11.0 (8.5, 13.2) mm. There were 56 and 30 patients with ulcer-like projection (ULP) and intramural blood pool (IBP), respectively, which including 36 patients with ULP of ascending aorta, 51 patients with pericardial effusion and 50 patients with pleural effusion. During a median follow-up time of 1 050 (242, 1 949) days, 26 patients experienced aortic disease-related death. Compared with non-endpoint group patients, patients who experienced aortic disease-related death showed older age and larger MAD( t=2.363, 3.640, P=0.020,<0.001), higher proportion of aortic atherosclerosis, ULP and pericardial effusion (χ 2=5.275, 6.596, 9.325, P=0.022, 0.010, 0.002).In Cox regression multivariate analysis shows that aortic atherosclerosis [hazard ratio (HR)=3.48, P=0.043], ULP (HR=2.66, P=0.019) and pericardial effusion (HR=2.49, P=0.030) were independent risk factors for aortic disease-related death. Conclusions:Aortic atherosclerosis, ULP and pericardial effusion are independent predictors of subsequent aortic disease-related death for type A IMH patients with conservative therapy, identifying these risk factors is helpful for further risk stratification and decisions-making.

Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 246-250, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515378


Objective To assess effects of stress dynamic CT myocardial perfusion imaging (CT-MPI) combined with coronary CT angiography (CCTA) on the diagnosis of myocardial perfusion defects in coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods Patients with CAD diagnosed by CCTA underwent ATP stress CT-MPI examination. Single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging (SPECT-MPI) was performed within one week and set as the reference standard. CT-MPI results were qualitatively analyzed, and myocardial blood flow (MBF), myocardial blood volume (MBV) as well as time to peak (TTP) were quantified according to CT-MPI. Effects of CCTA, CT-MPI, and CT-MPI combined with CCTA on predicting myocardial perfusion defects were assessed in comparison with NMPI. Results Thirty patients [(54.8±8.4)years] were enrolled in our study, 20 were men (68%). MBF [(79.3±18.0) versus (135.1± 35.2) ml·100 ml-1·min-1] and MBV [(8.9±2.9) versus (13.8±8.9) ml/100 ml] were significantly decreased in hypoperfused segments compared with normal segments, while TTP was increased in hypoperfused segments [(13.9 ± 2.5)s] compared with normal segments [(9.1 ± 2.1)s] (t=0.302, 0.866 and 0.024 respectively, all P values<0.01). The sensitivity, specificity of CT-MPI for identifying segments with perfusion defects were 91.3%(147/161), 84.6%(281/332), respectively. On a per-vessel basis, the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for predicting myocardial perfusion defects were 0.635(95%CI:0.517—0.753) for CCTA, 0.709(95%CI:0.599—0.819)for CT-MPI, and 0.837(95%CI:0.749—0.925)for CT-MPI combined with CCTA, respectively. Conclusions The performance of stress dynamic CT-MPI in the diagnosis of myocardial perfusion defects in CAD was good. One-stop examination of CT-MPI combined with CCTA improves the diagnostic accuracy for identifying flow-obstructing stenosis.