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1.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 461-470, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775428

ABSTRACT

Gastrodin is a phenolic glycoside that has been demonstrated to provide neuroprotection in preclinical models of central nervous system disease, but its effect in subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) remains unclear. In this study, we showed that intraperitoneal administration of gastrodin (100 mg/kg per day) significantly attenuated the SAH-induced neurological deficit, brain edema, and increased blood-brain barrier permeability in rats. Meanwhile, gastrodin treatment significantly reduced the SAH-induced elevation of glutamate concentration in the cerebrospinal fluid and the intracellular Ca overload. Moreover, gastrodin suppressed the SAH-induced microglial activation, astrocyte activation, and neuronal apoptosis. Mechanistically, gastrodin significantly reduced the oxidative stress and inflammatory response, up-regulated the expression of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2, heme oxygenase-1, phospho-Akt and B-cell lymphoma 2, and down-regulated the expression of BCL2-associated X protein and cleaved caspase-3. Our results suggested that the administration of gastrodin provides neuroprotection against early brain injury after experimental SAH.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Astrocytes , Metabolism , Benzyl Alcohols , Blood-Brain Barrier , Metabolism , Brain , Metabolism , Brain Edema , Calcium , Metabolism , Glucosides , Glutamic Acid , Metabolism , Male , Microglia , Metabolism , Neurons , Neuroprotective Agents , Oxidative Stress , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage , Metabolism
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-537837

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of the acupuncture with Medicinal herbs in the treatment of the intractable hiccup after severe craniocerebral injury. Methods Sixty patients diagnosed of intractable hiccup after severe craniocerebral injury were randomly recruited into a therapeutic group and a control group. The therapeutic group was treated with acupuncture and medicinal herbs, while the control group was treated with western medicine. The therapeutic course for both groups was one week. The efficacy was evaluated by observing the cure rate, improvement rate and non effective rate respectively. Results In the therapeutic group :23 patients were cured and the total effective rate was 96.67%;While in the control group: 12 patients were cured and the total effective rate was 70.00%. The effective rate of therapeutic group was obviously better than the control group. Conclusion Acupuncture with medicinal herbs in the treatment of the intractable hiccup after severe craniocerebral injury has good efficacy.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-392667

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the efficacy of treating cerebral hemorrhage with operation combined with Chinese medicines with the functions of stopping endogenous wind, eliminating phlegm and removing blood stusis. Methods A total of 142 patients after surgery for cerebral hemorrhage were randomly recurited into two groups: a treatment group (n= 41 ) was administrated with Chinese medicines of stopping endogenous wind, eliminating phlegm and removing blood stasis, and a control group (n=41) accepted conventional treatment after the surgery. Results The therapeutic effects in the treatment group was superior to that in control group (X2=13.12, P<0.05) . Conclusion It is effective to treat cerebral hemorrhage with operation combined with Chinese medicines with the functions of stopping endogenous wind, eliminating phlegm and removing blood stasis.

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