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1.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 326-329, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932062

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of enteral nutrition support in the transformation therapy of advanced gastric cancer.Methods:Eighty-two patients with advanced gastric cancer treated by transformation in Zhejiang Provincial People′s Hospital from September 2019 to August 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. 41 patients in the observation group were treated with enteral nutrition support on the basis of routine transformation treatment; 41 patients in the control group received only routine transformation treatment. The nutritional related indexes such as prealbumin, total serum protein and albumin and immune related indexes such as CD4 + , CD8 + , CD4 + /CD8 + were detected before treatment and on the 7th day after the end of 3-cycle transformation treatment, and the above indexes and transformation success rate of the two groups were compared. Results:There was no significant difference in prealbumin, total serum protein, albumin, CD4 + , CD8 + , CD4 + /CD8 + between the two groups before treatment (all P>0.05). On the 7th day after three cycles of transformation treatment, the above indexes in the observation group were higher than those in the control group, with significant difference (all P<0.05). The success rate of transformation in the observation group was higher than that in the control group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The rational use of enteral nutrition support in the transformation treatment of patients with advanced gastric cancer can significantly improve the nutritional status and immune function of patients, increase the tolerance to chemotherapy and improve the success rate of transformation.

2.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 321-325, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932061

ABSTRACT

The incidence rate and mortality rate of gastrointestinal malignant tumor are high all over the world, which seriously affects human life and health. With the continuous popularization and deepening of the concept of transformation therapy, many clinical practices, especially some multicenter clinical studies, have proved that there are still opportunities for the treatment of some advanced tumors and can obtain good survival benefits. Moreover, in recent years, a series of changes have taken place in the fields of tumor cognition, surgical technology, diagnosis, chemotherapy and biological immunotherapy, resulting in changes in the choice of tumor treatment. This paper briefly reviews the transformation treatment of advanced gastrointestinal malignant tumors in liver metastasis, lymphatic metastasis and peritoneal metastasis in recent years, in order to make the transformation treatment more scientific and standardized in practice by summarizing the relevant research results at home and abroad.

3.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 757-762, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796556

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the accuracy of endoscopic titanium clip localization combined with CT three-dimensional reconstruction for the control of incision margin in early gastric cancer under laparoscopy.@*Methods@#A prospective analysis was made for gastric cancer whose lesions were located in the middle of the stomach and T stage was 1 to 2 from October 2017 to January 2019 at Department of Gastrointestinal and Pancreatic Surgery, Zhejiang Provincial People′s Hospital. Totally 25 patients were eventually enrolled in the study. There were 17 males and 8 females aging of (63.6±7.2) years (range: 48 to 77 years). All cases were treated with titanium clip localization under endoscope combined with CT three-dimensional(3D) reconstruction to construct a virtual panorama of gastric cavity and lesions, and to design surgical margins. Laparoscopic surgical resection was performed according to the surgical margins designed before operation. The distance from the gastric angle to the origin of the minor curvature of the incisional margin, the distance from the gastric angle to the the center of lesion and the distance of the upper incision margin were measured under three-dimensional CT reconstruction and under actual specimen. Paired t test was used to compare the three distances measured by two methods.@*Results@#The measured distances from the gastric angle to the center of the lesion and the proximal incisional margin under 3D reconstruction CT were according to the measured values of actual specimens ((2.67±1.38) cm vs. (2.83±1.56) cm, t=1.51, P=0.14; (5.23±0.60) cm vs. 5 cm, t=1.93, P=0.07); the measured distances from the gastric angle to the origin of the minor curvature of the incisional margin under CT 3D reconstruction were different with the measured values of solid specimens ((5.94±0.94) cm vs. (6.37±0.90) cm, t=3.52, P=0.00).@*Conclusion@#The method of titanium clip localization combined with CT 3D reconstruction can provide a feasible laparoscopic localization method and incision edge solution for T1 to T2 gastric central cancer.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710614

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the treatment efficacy,feasibility and safety of laparoscopic resection for gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) larger than 5 cm.Methods The clinical data of 31 patients who underwent laparoscopic resection of large gastric GISTs between Jan 2010 and Jun 2017 at Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital and People's Hospital of Zhejiang Province were retrospectively analyzed.Results All operations were successful.Two patients were converted to open surgery.The mean tumor size was (7.2 ±0.5) cm.The mean operation time was (127 ± 12) min,intraoperative blood loss was (83 ±25) ml.The first flatus time was (2.2 ±0.8) days,the first diet resumption time was (2.4 ± 1.2) days,and the median postoperative hospital stay was (5.5 ± 1.5) days.The median follow-up time was 25 months.One patient developing liver metastasis 41 months after primary resection received oral mesylate imatinib therapy for 24 months and was still alive at the last follow-up.One patient died of lung cancer 33 months after primary operation without recurrence of gastric GIST.Conclusions Laparoscopic surgery for gastric GIST larger than 5 cm on laparoscopicaly accessible location is feasible and safe.

5.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 212-216, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809853

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the safety and feasibility of laparoscopic radical antegrade modular pancreatosplenectomy(Lap-RAMPS) for left-sided pancreatic adenocarcinoma.@*Methods@#Clinical data of total 12 patients underwent Lap-RAMPS for left-sided pancreatic adenocarcinoma at Department of Gastrointestinal and Pancreatic Surgery, Zhejiang Provincial People′s Hospital from March 2016 to August 2017 were reviewed retrospectively.There were 7 male patients and 5 female patients, with median age of 60.5 years old(47-68 years old). Abdominal enhanced CT, pancreatic MRI, PET-CT were performed on all patients to evaluate the lesion and exclude metastasis.Follow-up were done with out-patient clinic or telephone consultancy until October 2017.@*Results@#All patients underwent pure Lap-RAMPS.The medium operative time was 250 minutes(180-445 minutes), and the blood loss was 150 ml(50-500 ml). The medium first flatus time and diet resumption time were 3.0 days(1-5 days) and 3.5 days(1-7 days) respectively.The medium postoperative hospital stay was 9 days(4-18 days). Morbidity occurred in 8 patients with gastric empty delay(n=1), bleeding(n=1), fluid collection(n=3). There was no mortality.The medium overall number of retrived lymph nodes was 15.6 and the positive rate was 41.7%. The R0 rate was 100%.The medium follow-up was 10 months.One patient was diagnosed as liver metastasis after 8 months and accepted chemotherapy.One patient died after 14 months for tumor recurrence and metastasis.Others survived without tumor recurrence or metasitasis.@*Conclusion@#Lap-RAMPS is safe and feasible with accepted oncological outcomes for selected left side pancreatic adenocarcinoma under skilled hands.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511772

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of Dachengqi decoction,omeprazole and cisapride in the treatment of gastric cancer radical operation in serum gastrin and motilin.Methods 88 cases of gastric cancer after radical gastrectomy from May 2013 to July 2015 in our hospital were selected and divided into control group and treatment group with each 44 cases.Patients in both groups were given routine treatment and symptomatic treatment.Control group received omeprazole Enteric-coated capsules 20mg,qd,cisapride tablets 10mg,tid,treatment group received more Dachengqi decoction 200mL,bid,respectively by intragastric injection and retention enema,two times a day,a total of 21 days of treatment.The clinical efficacy,serumgastrin,plasma gastric motility,gastric juice volume and adverse reactions were compared between the two groups.Results The total effective rate in the treatment group was significantly higher than that in control group(P<0.05); After treatment,gastric juice volume of two groups was significantly lower than before treatment,the gastric juice volume in the treatment group were significantly lower than control group(P<0.05);Compare with pre-treatment,after treatment,the serum gastrin,plasma gastric motility levels of two groups were significantly higher,and the treatment group were significantly higher than the control group(P<0.05).There was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse reactions between the two groups.Conclusion Omeprazole,cisapride combined with Dachengqi decoction in the treatment of gastric cancer radical operation was obvious and high safety.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239439

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the application of home enteral nutrition (HEN) in patients with advanced gastric cancer and its impact on the quality of life.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Data of 60 consecutive patients with advanced gastric cancer, who could not underwent operation and had relapse metastasis, from June 2010 to June 2012 were retrospectively analyzed. According to familial nutritional pattern, these 60 patients were divided into HEN group (25 cases) receiving home enteral nutritional support and control group (35 cases). HEN patients were supported through jejunostomy tube or nasal gastric tube. Control patients were supported through total parental nutrition or purely eating respectively. All the patients received intravenous chemotherapy and evaluated by Karnofsky index and Spitzer system in the first, third, sixth and twelfth month. In the sixth month, patients were also examined by EORTC QLQ-C30.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>No significant differences were found between the two groups according to 8 elements containing age, sex, BMI, etc. A total of 53 patients died within one year, including 21 in HEN group and 32 in control group. The Karnofsky scales showed that HEN group scored meanly 57.4, 39.6 and 28.2 in the third, sixth and twelfth month respectively, which were significantly higher than those of control group (45.3, 29.2 and 20.1, P=0.041, P=0.012 and P=0.015 respectively). The Spitzer scales showed that HEN group scored meanly 5.12, 4.04 and 2.54 on average in the third, sixth and twelfth month respectively, which were significantly higher than those of control group (4.32, 3.01 and 1.97, P=0.048, 0.035 and P=0.024 respectively). The EROTC QLQ-C30 scales showed that HEN group scored higher than control group in functional scales (P<0.05), and lower in the symptom scales of short breathing, pain and tired (P=0.025, P=0.044, P=0.036 respectively), while higher in diarrhea (P=0.047).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The quality of life of patients with advanced gastric cancer declines gradually with the nutritional status deteriorating. HEN can be applied to improve the nutritional status and quality of life.</p>


Subject(s)
Enteral Nutrition , Home Care Services , Humans , Jejunostomy , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , Therapeutics
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-424991

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the impact of enteral nutrition (EN) through jejunal feeding tube on the nutritional status and immunologic function of patients during chemotherapy after total gastrectomy.Methods Totally 86 patients with gastric cancer who had undergone total gastrectomy with radical resection and jejunostomy received adjuvant venous chemotherapy in our department from January 2009 to June 2010.They were divided into EN group ( n =43 ) and control group ( n =43 ) according to the hospitalization number.The EN group maintained the jejunostomy tube until the end of 6 courses of chemotherapy,and was given EN support for 7 days through jejunal tube during each course of chemotherapy; the control group removed the tube before chemotherapy without further dietary restriction or nutrition support.The nutritional and immunologic indicators on the 1 st day before chemotherapy and the 1st day after 6 chemotherapy courses were measured.ResultsThree patients in the EN group withdrew from the study because of catheter blockage or catheter loss and 2 patients in the control group failed to complete the trial because of chemotherapy side effects or economic reasons; 81 patients entered the final analysis.After 6 courses of chemotherapy,both groups experienced body weight loss,but the percentage is significantly lower in EN group than in control group (6.9% ± 0.95% vs.11.2% ± 1.32%,P =0.0000).Compared with the nutritional status before the first chemotherapy,the prognosis nutritional index (PNI) in both groups declined after the 6th chemotherapy.Such decline was not statistically significant in EN group ( P =0.1534) but was significant in control group (P =0.0000).The PNI in EN group after chemotherapy was significantly higher than that in control group (P =0.0040).The levels of IgG,NK,CD4 +,and CD4 +/CD8 + were significantly higher in EN group than in control group ( P =0.0083,0.0143,0.0000,and 0.0000,respectively) after chemotherapy.ConclusionEN during postoperative chemotherapy may improve the nutritional status and immunologic function in gastric cancer patients after total gastrectomy.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-422775

ABSTRACT

Objective To improve the quality of life in gastric cancer patients after total gastrectomy by exogenous trypsin supplement.Method In this study 106 patients were divided into two groups,with 53 patients in each group,oral pancreatic enzyme capsule was given in comparison without in control group.Patients were asked to fill in EORTC QLQ-C30 questionnaire and Korenaga questionnaire at half a year postoperation,stool sample was collected at the same time for fecal fat assay.Results A total of 86 patients completed this test at postoperation half a year.With a comprehensive assessment of quality of life in patients by the scoring system of EORTC QLQ-C30 and Korenaga and the fecal fat contents measurement.Exogenous trypsin plays a positive role in preventing weight loss,improving emotional function,alleviating loss of appetite,insomnia,fatigue,postprandial fullness,nausea,vomiting and diarrhea,and improving intestinal tolerance to fat and the overall health status of patients.Conclusions Total gastrectomy causes exocrine pancreatic dysfunction,exogenous supplement of the enzyme improves postoperative quality of life in these patients.

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