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Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 970-974, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870123


This article reported a case of malignant insulinoma which recurred as liver metastasis 12 years after the initial pancreatic insulinoma resection. The patient was a 48-year-old woman who was firstly diagnosed as pancreatic insulinoma in 2006 and underwent the surgery involved complete resection of a 1.9 cm×1.3 cm tumor located in pancreas. No signs of either invasion or metastasis was detected according to preoperative imaging examination and intraoperative exploration. The tumor was diagnosed as a benign insulinoma according to histopathological results. The patient had no hypoglycemia and the fasting blood glucose was normal during the subsequent 12 years. The patient underwent a fasting blood glucose of 2.8 mmol/L in 2018, and gradually experienced palpitation and cold sweats, which was relieved by eating. She was hospitalized in May 2018 with blood glucose of 1.73 mmol/L and insulin of 1 128 pmol/L. CT and MRI revealed morphologic changes of postoperative pancreas and abnormal liver signal, the liver tumor was finally identified as insulinoma by modified selective intra-arterial calcium stimulated venous sampling (ASVS). Partial liver resection was performed and the histopathological result was neuroendocrine tumor. Therefore, the disease was diagnosed as liver metastatic malignant insulinoma.

Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 32-36, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745682


This study reported two women with extreme obesity who underwent metabolic surgery due to their mutations in leptin receptor (LEPR).Genomic DNA was extracted from the anticoagulant blood samples of the two patients and their parents.A panel of genes related to metabolic diseases or whole exon sequencing was screened and the results were confirmed by Sanger sequencing.This is the first time that these three mutations in LEPR were reported.Two patients complained insatiety and early-onset obesity since childhood at clinics.Patient 1 was a 39-year-old woman with height 150 cm,weight 130 kg,and BMI 57.8 kg/m2.Serum leptin level was 156.4 μg/L.A homozygous mutation of c.2317G>T was found in exon 15 of LEPR gene in patient 1,which was descended from her father and mother respectively.Patient 2 was a 37-year-old woman with height 158 cm,weight 167 kg,and BMI 67 kg/m2.Serum leptin level was 193.4 μg/L.Genetic analysis showed compound heterozygous mutations of c.1482delT and c.1892C > A.Her father showed heterozygous c.1482delT mutation,and her mother carried heterozygous c.1892C > A mutation.Two patients all underwent metabolic surgery with body weight reduction of about 22 kg and 40 kg respectively after first six months.However,the follow-up studies showed that the body weight of patient 1 rebounded to pre-surgery level in two years and patient 2 did not further lose weight in the following six months.

Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 769-773, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807450


Objective@#To analyze the completion status, monitoring results, and existing problems of key occupational disease monitoring in Shandong, China, from 2015 to 2017, and to provide reference materials for improving monitoring quality and carrying out occupational disease prevention and control.@*Methods@#The monitoring situation including project coverage, data collection, monitoring results, and monitoring quality of key occupational diseases in Shandong from 2015 to 2017 were described and comparatively analyzed.@*Results@#In the past three years, the uncoverage rate of monitored counties (38.69% in 2015, 10.95% in 2016, and 5.11% in 2017) , the non-work rate of occupational health examination institutions (41.67% in 2015, 18.02% in 2016, and 8.72% in 2017) , and the non-work rate of occupational disease diagnosis institutions (42.31% in 2015, 38.46% in 2016, and 38.46% in 2017) in Shandong decreased year by year. The number of institutions with key occupational hazard factors reported to the safety supervision and management department increased year by year (it was 24140 in 2017, with an increase of 40.50% compared with 2016 and an increase of 114.62% compared with 2015) ; the key occupational hazard factors in enterprises were mainly noise (72.76%) , followed by benzene, silica dust, and coal dust. The number of workers exposed to key occupational hazard factors reported to the safety supervision and management department increased year by year; in 2017, it was 729245, with an increase of 39.78% compared with 2016 and an increase of 84.81% compared with 2015. The ratio of people exposed to key occupational hazard factors identified by the medical examination to the total people in the safety supervision system in a year decreased year by year (40.87% in 2015, 23.86% in 2016, and 17.95% in 2017) .@*Conclusion@#In Shandong, the supervision of enterprises with key occupational hazard factors and the responsibility of enterprise protection should be strengthened. The occupational health examination rate of workers should be improved. It is suggested that we should carry out the special investigations and occupational health risk assessment for key enterprises and key populations.

Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 259-260, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432265


The effect of cholesterol ester transfer protein(CETP) on SR-B1 mRNA expression in mouse liver was investigated.The results demonstrated that CETP transgenic mice showed lower serum total cholesterol and high density lipoprotein-cholesterol levels but higher total cholesterol and cholesterol ester content in liver when compared with wild type mice(P<0.05).The expression of SR-B1 mRNA in liver of CETP transgenic mice was significantly lower as compared with the control group(P<0.05).

Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 46-49, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-431220


Objective To compare proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) levels between premenopausal and postmenopausal women,and to investigate the relationship between serum PCSK9 and metabolic factors.Methods Totally 515 women were enrolled from the study on diabetes of prediction,prevention,and intervention in Nanjing in 2009.Survey,physical examinations,and determination of related metabolic indexes were performed.Serum PCSK9 level was measured by sandwich ELISA.Results Serum PCSK9 level was positively correlated with low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C),total cholesterol (TC),triglyceride,fasting plasma glucose,body mass index,waist-hip ratio,and age in women (all P<0.01).PCSK9 level was significantly lower in premenopausal women than that in postmenopausal women [(58.18 ± 25.44 vs 80.91 ± 33.74) ng/ml,P <0.01].Conclusion Higher level of PCSK9 exists in postmenopausal women compared with premenopausal women.The level of PCSK9 is closely correlated with age,TC,and LDL-C.

Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 560-564, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267554


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the changes in the expression of pineal clock genes in rats with chronic cerebral ischemia and evaluate the effect of intervention with Wulongdan, a traditional Chinese medicinal preparation, on these changes.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Male SD rats were randomly divided into sham-operated group, chronic cerebral ischemia model group, and treatment group. In the latter two groups, chronic cerebral ischemia was induced by permanent ligation of the bilateral carotid arteries, and in the treatment group, Wulongdan was administered intragastrically on a daily basis for 3 weeks after the operation. Real-time quantitative RT-PCR was employed to examine the changes in the pineal expressions of Clock, Bmal1, and Per1 mRNA after the treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the model group, the expression levels of Clock and Per1 mRNA were significantly lowered compared to those in the sham-operated group (P<0.01, P<0.05), but Bmal1 mRNA expression showed no significant changes (P>0.05). Wulongdan treatment caused a significant increase in pineal lock mRNA expression compared to the model group (P<0.01), and significantly reduced pineal Bmal1 expression as compared to the sham-operated group (P<0.05). No significant difference was found in Per1 mRNA expression between the treatment group and the model group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The changes in the expressions of the pineal clock genes in rats with chronic cerebral ischemia suggest the association between chronic cerebral ischemia and sleep disorders. Wulongdan can mitigate sleep disorders caused by chronic cerebral ischemia.</p>

Animals , Male , Rats , Brain Ischemia , Metabolism , CLOCK Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Pineal Gland , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Rats, Sprague-Dawley