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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929264

ABSTRACT

Abelmoschus manihot (L.) Medik. (A. manihot) is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine with a variety of pharmacological properties. It was first recorded in Jiayou Materia Medica dating back to the Song dynasty to eliminate urinary tract irritation by clearing away heat and diuretic effect. However, its pharmacological action on urinary tract infections has not been investigated. The present study aims to evaluate the anti-inflammatory activity of A. manihot on a mouse model of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced cystitis. The results showed that A. manihot decreased white blood cell (WBC) count in urine sediments of the cystitis mice, alleviated bladder congestion, edema, as well as histopathological damage, reduced the expression levels of tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-6, and interleukin-1β simultaneously. Moreover, A. manihot administration significantly downregulated the expression levels of TLR4, MYD88, IκBα, p-IκBα, NF-κB p65, and p-NF-κB p65 in LPS-induced cystitis mice. These findings demonstrated the protective effect of A. manihot against LPS-induced cystitis, which is attributed to its anti-inflammatory profile by suppressing TLR4/MYD88/NF-κB pathways. Our results suggest that A. manihot could be a potential candidate for cystitis treatment.


Subject(s)
Abelmoschus/metabolism , Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Cystitis , Female , Humans , Lipopolysaccharides/pharmacology , Male , Mice , Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88/metabolism , NF-KappaB Inhibitor alpha/metabolism , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Toll-Like Receptor 4/metabolism
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906152

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically analyze the chemical constituents of Qizhi Jiangtang capsules by ultra performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-electrostatic field orbital trap high resolution mass spectrometry (UPLC-QE-Orbitrap-MS). Method:Analysis was conducted on a ACQUITY UPLC HSS T3 column (2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.8 μm) with acetonitrile (A)-water (B) as the mobile phase for gradient elution (0-13 min, 1%-25%A; 13-21 min, 25%-35%A; 21-28 min, 35%-85%A; 28-30 min, 85%-100%A; 30-32 min, 100%-1%A). The flow rate was 0.2 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>, the column temperature was 30 ℃, and the volume of sample injection was 3 μL. Electrospray ionization (ESI) was used to collect data in the negative and positive ion modes with the scanning range of <italic>m</italic>/<italic>z</italic> 100-1 500. Meanwhile, a variety of MS analytic methods were used, including comparing with the information of control substances, self-built compounds database and literature references, diagnostic ion filtering, Compound Discoverer 3.0 software, for identification of the chemical components. Result:Based on the above strategy, a total of 52 compounds were identified in Qizhi Jiangtang capsules, and the sources of these compounds were identified. Amino acids were mainly derived from Hirudo, phenylpropanoids were derived from Astragali Radix and Rehmanniae Radix, iridoid glycosides were derived from Rehmanniae Radix, coumarins and triterpenes were derived from Astragali Radix, flavonoids were from Astragali Radix and Polygonati Rhizoma. Conclusion:The established UPLC-QE-Orbitrap-MS analytical method can comprehensively and rapidly analyze and identify of the chemical constituents in Qizhi Jiangtang capsules. Many of the ingredients have been proved by modern pharmacological studies to have the effect of improving related symptoms of diabetes and its complications, reflecting the characteristics of synergistic action of multiple components in Qizhi Jiangtang capsules. This study can provide reference for the further research on the pharmacodynamic material basis and the quality control of Qizhi Jiangtang capsules.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921754

ABSTRACT

To investigate the potential molecular markers and drug-compound-target mechanism of Mahuang Shengma Decoction(MHSM) in the intervention of acute lung injury(ALI) by network pharmacology and experimental verification. Databases such as TCMSP, TCMIO, and STITCH were used to predict the possible targets of MHSM components and OMIM and Gene Cards were employed to obtain ALI targets. The common differentially expressed genes(DEGs) were therefore obtained. The network diagram of DEGs of MHSM intervention in ALI was constructed by Cytoscape 3. 8. 0, followed by Gene Ontology(GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) enrichment analyses of target genes. The ALI model was induced by abdominal injection of lipopolysaccharide(LPS) in mice. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid(BALF) was collected for the detection of inflammatory factors. Pathological sectioning and RT-PCR experiments were performed to verify the therapeutic efficacy of MHSM on ALI. A total of 494 common targets of MHSM and ALI were obtained. Among the top 20 key active compounds of MHSM, 14 from Ephedrae Herba were found to be reacted with pivotal genes of ALI [such as tumor necrosis factor(TNF), tumor protein 53(TP53), interleukin 6(IL6), Toll-like receptor 4(TLR4), and nuclear factor-κB(NF-κB)/p65(RELA)], causing an uncontrolled inflammatory response with activated cascade amplification. Pathway analysis revealed that the mechanism of MHSM in the treatment of ALI mainly involved AGE-RAGE, cancer pathways, PI3 K-AKT signaling pathway, and NF-κB signaling pathway. The findings demonstrated that MHSM could dwindle the content of s RAGE, IL-6, and TNF-α in the BALF of ALI mice, relieve the infiltration of inflammatory cells in the lungs, inhibit alveolar wall thickening, reduce the acute inflammation-induced pulmonary congestion and hemorrhage, and counteract transcriptional activities of Ager-RAGE and NF-κB p65. MHSM could also synergically act on the target DEGs of ALI and alleviate pulmonary pathological injury and inflammatory response, which might be achieved by inhibiting the expression of the key gene Ager-RAGE in RAGE/NF-κB signaling pathway and downstream signal NF-κB p65.


Subject(s)
Acute Lung Injury/genetics , Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Lipopolysaccharides , Lung/metabolism , Mice , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Network Pharmacology , Receptor for Advanced Glycation End Products/metabolism , Signal Transduction
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921717

ABSTRACT

This study analyzed the plasma components of Gegen Decoction(GGD) by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time of flight mass spectrometry(UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS), which is expected to serve as a reference for exploring the pharmacodynamic substances of GGD. Female Wistar rats were given(ig) GGD and then plasma samples were collected and analyzed by UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS. The results showed that 42 chemical components were identified: 25 prototypes(14 from Puerariae Lobatae Radix, 6 from Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, 3 from Paeoniae Radix Alba, and 2 from Ephedrae Herba) and 17 metabolites(from isoflavonoids in Puerariae Lobatae Radix and Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma). UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS was employed to achieve rapid analysis of plasma components of GGD, laying a basis for elucidating the therapeutic material basis and mechanism of GGD.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Mass Spectrometry , Paeonia , Rats , Rats, Wistar
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888118

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore the characteristic role of Puerariae Lobatae Radix(PLR) in Gegen Decoction for the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea(PD). Estrogen(E_2) was combined with oxytocin to establish a mouse model of PD. The mice were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group, a Gegen Decoction group, a PLR-free Gegen Decoction group, a PLR group, and a positive drug group(ibuprofen). Writhing response times and writhing incubation of mice in each group were tested by behavio-ral assessment, and the serum levels of prostaglandin F_(2α)(PGF_(2α)), prostaglandin E_2(PGE_2), E_2, and progesterone(PROG) were detected by ELISA kits. Western blot method was adopted to detect cyclooxygenase-2(COX-2) and estrogen receptor alpha(ER_α) expression levels in uterine tissues. Doppler ultrasound was employed to detect changes in uterine artery blood flow in mice, including peak systolic blood flow velocity(maximum velocity), end-diastolic velocity(minimum velocity), peak systolic blood flow velocity/end-diastolic velocity(S/D), pulsatility index(PI), and resistive index(RI). Histopathological changes in the uterus were detected by HE staining. Based on the oxytocin-induced isolated uterine contraction model, the effects of Gegen Decoction, PLR-free Gegen Decoction, and PLR on the amplitude, frequency, and activity of isolated uterine contraction were compared to investigate the role of PLR in Gegen Decoction for the treatment of PD. The results showed that compared with the Gegen Decoction group, the PLR-free Gegen Decoction improved the indicators of PD except for E_2 content, ER_α expression, and uterine artery blood flow. PLR could significantly down-regulate the serum content of E_2 and the protein expression of uterine ER_α, and improve the uterine artery blood flow. The data suggested that PLR, as the sovereign drug of Gegen Decoction, might function in Gegen Decoction for the treatment of PD by mediating E_(2 )and improving the uterine artery blood flow.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Dysmenorrhea/drug therapy , Humans , Mice , Plant Roots , Pueraria , Uterus
6.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2634-2639, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829600

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To provide referenc e for intuitively and c onveniently cognizing the research focus of Astragalus membranaceus in the treatment of diabetes. METHODS :Using the method of bibliometrics ,the literatures about the treatment of diabetes by A. membranaceus were retrieved from CNKI full-text database during Jan. 1st,2000-Jun. 30th,2020. Bibliometric method was used to statistically analyze the number of articles ,authors and their research directions ,keywords,distribution of research institutions ,source journals ,frequency of citations ,fund funding ,etc. VOSviewer software was used for visual display. RESULTS:A total of 2 960 literatures were included ,and the number of literatures showed an increasing trend ;the author with the most literatures was Fan Ying from Liaoning University of TCM ,whose research direction was the effect of different effective parts of A. membranaceus on serum insulin and adiponectin in diabetic animal models ;in the keyword frequency analysis ,diabetic nephropathy(845 times),A. membranaceus (615 times),diabetes(587 times),A. membranaceus injection(350 times),diabetic peripheral neuropathy (303 times),qi tonifying drug (202 times)were hot topics. There were 10 institutions with more than 20 literatures,of which Nanjing University of TCM has published the most literatures (58 pieces). Shaanxi Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ,Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Nephropathy and Inner Mongolia Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine were the journals with a large number of; literatures;Research Progress on Chemical Constituents and Pharmacological Effects of Astragalus membranaceus published from Chen guohui and others was cited most frequently,for 690 times;there are many projects funded by national scientific research funds (including National Natural Science Foundation of China and the National Key Basic m Research Special Foundation of China ). CONCLUSIONS :In the past 20 years, the level of researches about A. membranaceus in the treatment of diabetes have been steadilyimproved. However ,the distribution of literature is uneven and there are few high-quality core journals. Mainly ,there are relatively few clinical trials. It is suggested that researchers should explore the methods and ideas of A. membranaceus in the treatment of diabetes from the perspectives of macro clinical efficacy ,micro pharmacology ,A. membranaceus genetic resource bank and traditional Chinese medicine formulations.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 930-940, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821666

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to analyze the anti-cancer effect and mechanism of action of the flavonoids of Astragalus membranaceus (TFA) when combined with cisplatin on Lewis lung carcinoma-bearing mice. This animal experiment was approved by the Committee of the Ethics of Animal Experiment of Shanxi University (SXULL2018012). Pharmacological indices such as tumor weight, tumor volume growth curves, inhibition rate and organ indices showed that the TFA could reduce toxicity and enhance the efficacy of cisplatin. The target of TFA was predicted by network pharmacology analysis and the result showed that calycosin-7-O-β-D-glucoside might be the main active compound responsible for the anticancer effect of TFA. TRP53 (cellular tumor antigen p53), RAC1 (Ras-related C3 botulinum toxin substrate 1), ERBB2 (receptor tyrosine-protein kinase erbB-2), VEGFA (vascular endothelial growth factor A) and STAT3 (signal transducer and activator of transcription 3) may be associated with TFA in enhancing efficacy and reducing the toxicity of cisplatin. The IL-6 content in serum and expression levels of STAT3 and p53 in tumor tissues suggested that TFA may inhibit tumor growth through the IL-6/STAT3 pathway; UPLC-MS-based serum metabolomic analysis suggested that the metabolic pathways related to lung cancer include sphingolipid metabolism, retinol metabolism, glycerophospholipid metabolism, primary bile acid biosynthesis, and the TFA-regulated corresponding pathway of bile acid biosynthesis. In this study, the anti-cancer effect and mechanism of action of TFA combined with cisplatin on Lewis lung carcinoma-bearing mice was analyzed by the combination of various techniques, which lay a foundation for further development of anticancer drugs.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802299

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the neuroprotective effect and mechanism of Buyang Huanwu Tang (BYHWT) on experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) at different stages. Method:The 36 female C57BL/6 mice were immunized subcutaneously with myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein peptides (MOG35-55),then randomly divided into 9, 17, 28 d EAE control group. Each BYHWT group was orally given drugs on the 3rd day after immunization (50 g·kg-1·d-1), and EAE control group was given the same volume of normal saline in the same way once a day for 9, 17 and 28 d after immunization. The effect of BYHWT on EAE mice was observed with internationally accepted clinical score. Brain and spinal cord specimens were collected at 9, 17 and 28 d after immunization. The neuroprotective effect of BYHWT was observed by hematoxylin-eosin(HE)staining and solid blue staining (LFB). The expressions of BDNF and GAP-43 in spinal cord and brain were detected by Western blot. Result:After treatment, BYHWT can significantly inhibit myelitis cell infiltration and alleviate myelin loss. Compared with EAE group, the expression of Nogo-A in the spinal cord of each BYHWT group was significantly down-regulated (PPPPConclusion:BYHWT can improve the local nerve growth microenvironment and promote the expression of NTFs, reduce the expressions of neuroinhibitory factors, and play a role in neuroprotection.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711461

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate whether astragaloside ( AST) Ⅳ could inhibit lipopolysac-charide (LPS)-induced activation of astrocytes and the possible mechanism. Methods Effects of different concentrations of AST Ⅳ on astrocyte viability were determined by MTT to select the optimum concentration for the following experiments. Primary astrocytes were induced by LPS to construct the inflammatory model. Astrocytes were divided into three groups: PBS, LPS and LPS+ASTⅣ(LPS+ASTⅣ) groups. The release of nitric oxide (NO) was detected by Griess method. Expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein ( GFAP), an astrocyte marker, and TLR4 were analyzed by immunohistochemistry and Western blot. Cytokines of IL-6, TNF-α, IL-4 and IL-10 in the supernatants of cell culture for 24 h collected after stimulation were meas-ured by ELISA. Results ASTⅣsignificantly inhibited the LPS-induced activation of astrocytes and NO re-lease (P<0. 01), suppressed the expression of TLR4 (P<0. 05) and reduced the secretion of IL-6 (P<0. 01) and TNF-α (P<0. 01), but increased the secretion of IL-4 and IL-10 (P<0. 05 and P<0. 01). Con-clusion AST Ⅳ could significantly inhibit the LPS-induced activation of astrocytes and suppress inflamma-tory responses, and the possible mechanism might be related to reduced secretion of inflammatory factors af-ter blocking the expression of TLR4.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687434

ABSTRACT

Many classical prescriptions still have superior clinical values nowadays, and their modern studies also have far-reaching scientific research demonstration values. Gegen decoction, a representative prescription for common cold due to wind-cold, can treat primary dysmenorrhea due to cold and dampness, characterized by continuous administration without recurrence. It is not only in accordance with the principle of homotherapy for heteropathy, but also demonstrates the unique feature of traditional Chinese medicine of relieving the primary and secondary symptoms simultaneously. This article aimed to discuss the method and strategy of Gegen decoction study based on the discovery of its novel application in treatment of primary dysmenorrhea and previous research progress of our group. It was assumed that modern medicine and biology studies, as well as chemical research based on biological activity should be used for reference. Principal active ingredients (groups) in Gegen decoction could be accurately and effectively identified, and its possible mechanism in treatment of primary dysmenorrhea could be eventually elucidated as well. Simultaneously, the theoretical and clinical advantages of traditional Chinese medicine were explored in this paper, focusing on the compatibility characteristics of Gegen decoction. The research hypothesis showed the necessity of following the characteristics and advantages of traditional Chinese medicine in the modern research and reflected the importance of basic research based on the clinical efficacy, expecting to provide some ideas and methods for reference for further modern studies of classical prescriptions.

11.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 2113-2120, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663041

ABSTRACT

AIM: To explore the neuroprotective effect of fasudil combined with bone marrow -derived neural stem cells ( BM-NSCs) on the mice with experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis ( EAE).METHODS: Female C57BL/6 mice (8~10 weeks old, n=32) were immunized with myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein 35-55 (MOG35-55) to establish chronic EAE model .The mice were randomly divided into control ( ddH2 O ) group, fasudil group , BM-NSCs group , and fasudil+BM-NSCs group .The clinical score and body weight were recorded every other day .The expression of neurotrophic factors was determined by immunofluorescence staining .RESULTS:In comparison with ddH2O group, fasud-il combined with BM-NSCs delayed onset and ameliorated severity of EAE .The numbers of brain-derived neurotrophic fac-tor, glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor , nerve growth factor , neurotrophin-3 and ciliary neurotrophic factor positive cells in fasudil group, BM-NSCs group and fasudil +BM-NSCs group were all increased in various extents .In particularly, the expression of these neurotrophic factors in fasudil +BM-NSCs group was significantly higher than that in the mice treated with fasudil or BM-NSCs alone (P<0.01).CONCLUSION:Fasudil combined with BM-NSCs promotes the expression of neurotrophic factors and improves microenvironment of central nervous system , thus playing a positive role in neural restora-tion and regeneration through a synergistic and superimposed effect .

12.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1729-1737, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660309

ABSTRACT

AIM:To explore the therapeutic effect of a novel Rho kinase inhibitor FSD-C10 onβ-amyloid pro-tein precursor (APP)/presenilin-1 (PS1) double transgenic mice.METHODS: The transgenic mice overexpressing hu-man APP with the Swedish mutation (695) and human PS1 with ΔE9 mutation at the age of 8 months were used in this study.The mice were randomly divided into model group and FSD-C10 intervention group, and wild-type mice at the same age served as normal controls .The mice in FSD-C10 intervention group were treated with FSD-C10 (25 mg· kg-1 · d-1 ) for 2 months by intraperitoneal injection .The mice in model group and the wild-type mice were injected with saline in the similar manner.Morris water maze (MWM) test was applied to examine the capacity of learning and memory .The Aβ1-42 deposition, Tau protein phosphorylation , and the expression of β-site APP-cleaving enzyme ( BACE) as well as inflammato-ry molecules, such as TLR-4 and NF-Κb, and M1/M2 microglial markers, such as Inos and Arg-1, were determined by the methods of immunohistochemistry and Western blot .RESULTS: Compared with model group , FSD-C10 significantly improved the learning and memory abilities of APP/PS1 double transgenic mice , accompanied by reduced Aβ1-42 deposi-tion, Tau protein phosphorylation and BACE expression in the hippocampus .The intervention of FSD-C10 decreased the protein levels of TLR-4 and p-NF-Κb, reduced the expression of Inos and increased the expression of Arg-1 in the brain tissues.CONCLUSION:The novel Rho kinase inhibitor FSD-C10 improves the capacity of spatial learning and memory in APP/PS1 double transgenic mice , which may be related to the inhibition of TLRs/NF-Κb signaling pathway , the reduction of the secretion of inflammatory molecules and the polarization of anti-inflammatory M2 microglia, thus improving the in-flammatory microenvironment of the brain in APP/PS1 double transgenic mice .

13.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1729-1737, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657842

ABSTRACT

AIM:To explore the therapeutic effect of a novel Rho kinase inhibitor FSD-C10 onβ-amyloid pro-tein precursor (APP)/presenilin-1 (PS1) double transgenic mice.METHODS: The transgenic mice overexpressing hu-man APP with the Swedish mutation (695) and human PS1 with ΔE9 mutation at the age of 8 months were used in this study.The mice were randomly divided into model group and FSD-C10 intervention group, and wild-type mice at the same age served as normal controls .The mice in FSD-C10 intervention group were treated with FSD-C10 (25 mg· kg-1 · d-1 ) for 2 months by intraperitoneal injection .The mice in model group and the wild-type mice were injected with saline in the similar manner.Morris water maze (MWM) test was applied to examine the capacity of learning and memory .The Aβ1-42 deposition, Tau protein phosphorylation , and the expression of β-site APP-cleaving enzyme ( BACE) as well as inflammato-ry molecules, such as TLR-4 and NF-Κb, and M1/M2 microglial markers, such as Inos and Arg-1, were determined by the methods of immunohistochemistry and Western blot .RESULTS: Compared with model group , FSD-C10 significantly improved the learning and memory abilities of APP/PS1 double transgenic mice , accompanied by reduced Aβ1-42 deposi-tion, Tau protein phosphorylation and BACE expression in the hippocampus .The intervention of FSD-C10 decreased the protein levels of TLR-4 and p-NF-Κb, reduced the expression of Inos and increased the expression of Arg-1 in the brain tissues.CONCLUSION:The novel Rho kinase inhibitor FSD-C10 improves the capacity of spatial learning and memory in APP/PS1 double transgenic mice , which may be related to the inhibition of TLRs/NF-Κb signaling pathway , the reduction of the secretion of inflammatory molecules and the polarization of anti-inflammatory M2 microglia, thus improving the in-flammatory microenvironment of the brain in APP/PS1 double transgenic mice .

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812443

ABSTRACT

The uterine tetanic contraction and uterine artery blood flow reduction are possible reasons for primary dysmenorrhea (PD). In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the uterine relaxant effect and the influence on uterine artery blood velocity of Ge-Gen Decoction (GGD), a well-known Chinese herbal formula. In female ICR mice, uterine contraction was induced by oxytocin exposure following estradiol benzoate pretreatment, and the uterine artery blood velocity was detected by Doppler ultrasound. Histopathological examination of the uterine tissue samples were performed by H&E staining. Ex vivo studies demonstrated that oxytocin, posterior pituitary, or acetylcholine induced contractions in isolated mouse uterus. GGD inhibited both spontaneous and stimulated contractions. In vivo study demonstrated that GGD significantly reduced oxytocin-induced writhing responses with a maximal inhibition of 87%. Further study demonstrated that GGD normalized oxytocin-induced abnormalities of prostaglandins F2 alpha (PGF2α) and Ca(2+) in mice. In addition, injection of oxytocin induced a decrease in uterine artery blood flow velocity. Pretreatment with GGD reversed the oxytocin response on blood flow velocity. Histopathological examination showed pretreatment with GGD alleviated inflammation and edema in the uterus when compared with the model group. Both ex vivo and in vivo results indicated that GGD possessed a significant spasmolytic effect on uterine tetanic contraction as well as improvement on uterine artery blood velocity which may involve PGF2α and Ca(2+) signaling, suggesting that GGD may have a clinic potential in PD therapy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Flow Velocity , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Dysmenorrhea , Drug Therapy , Female , Humans , Mice , Mice, Inbred ICR , Oxytocin , Uterine Contraction , Uterus
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812487

ABSTRACT

Sheng-Mai-San (SMS), a well-known Chinese medicinal plant formula, is widely used for the treatment of cardiac diseases characterized by deficiency of Qi and Yin syndrome. A mouse chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH) model was established to mimic the primary clinical features of deficiency of Qi and Yin syndrome. Mice experienced CIH for 28 days (nadir 7% to peak 8% oxygen, 20 min per day), resulting in left ventricle (LV) dysfunction and structure abnormalities. After administration of SMS (0.55, 1.1, and 5.5 g·kg(-1)·d(-1)) for four weeks, improved cardiac function was observed, as indicated by the increase in the ejection fraction from the LV on echocardiography. SMS also preserved the structural integrity of the LV against eccentric hypotrophy, tissue vacuolization, and mitochondrial injury as measured by histology, electron microscopy, and ultrasound assessments. Mechanistically, the antioxidant effects of SMS were demonstrated; SMS was able to suppress mitochondrial apoptosis as indicated by the reduction of several pro-apoptotic factors (Bax, cytochrome c, and cleaved caspase-3) and up-regulation of the anti-apoptosis factor Bcl-2. In conclusion, these results demonstrate that SMS treatment can protect the structure and function of the LV and that the protective effects of this formula are associated with the regulation of the mitochondrial apoptosis pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antioxidants , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Apoptosis , Cardiomyopathies , Drug Therapy , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Cytochromes c , Metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Heart Ventricles , Pathology , Hypoxia , Male , Mice, Inbred ICR , Mitochondria , Metabolism , Myocardium , Pathology , Oxygen , Metabolism , Phytotherapy , Qi , Up-Regulation , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left , Drug Therapy , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , Metabolism
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-475440

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the immunoregulatory effect of Fasudil-modified macrophages on cell transferred experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis ( EAE) in a mouse model.Methods Fe-male C57BL/6 mice were immunized with MOG35-55 to establish the model of EAE.The encephalomyelitic mononuclear cells ( MNCs) were isolated from spleen of mice with EAE on day 9 after immunization and treated with or without Fasudil for 72 h in vitro.Several assays including the flow cytometry analysis, Griess reaction and ELISA were performed to analyze the M1 and M2 phenotypes of macrophages, the production of NO and the levels of cytokines, respectively.The cultured MNCs (5×107 cells) were resuspended in 500μl of PBS and transferred into na?ve C57BL/6 recipients via intraperitoneal injection.Two groups including the PBS-MNCs group and the Fasudil-MNCs group were set up.The body weights and clinical scores of the mice in each group were recorded in every other days after the induction of EAE in the recipients.Results The Fasudil treated MNCs affected the induction of EAE in adoptive cell transferred mice.The expression of CD16/32, iNOS and IL-12 on F4/80-macrophages were decreased, while the expression of CD206, CD23 and IL-10 on F4/80-macrophages were increased upon the treatment of Fasudil, indicating that Fasudil im-proved the differentiation of macrophages from M1 to M2 phenotypes.Moreover, Fasudil inhibited the pro-duction of NO and enhanced the expression of Arginase-1.Conclusion Fasudil ameliorated the clinical se-verity of EAE in mice by promoting the transformation of macrophages from M1 to M2 phenotype.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-461474

ABSTRACT

AIM:To evaluate the effect of lipoic acid ( LA) on LPS-induced Parkinson disease ( PD) model of mice.METHODS:Female C57BL/6 mice of 10-month-old were randomly divided into saline control group , PD group and LA group.The PD mouse model was induced by intranasal instillation of LPS .Assays of tyrosine hydroxylase , microglia and nuclear factor kappa B ( NF-κB) were performed by the methods of immunohistochemistry and Western blotting .RE-SULTS:Intranasal LPS instillation exhibited basic characteristics of PD model .However, LA administration significantly improved motor dysfunction , protected dopaminergic neurons from damage , and inhibited NF-κB activation in inflammatory microglia in the substantia nigra area of the brain .CONCLUSION:LA may exert a profound neuroprotective effect by an-ti-neuroinflammatory reaction to arrest the progression of PD .

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