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1.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 625-634, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981095

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#We aimed to assess the feasibility and superiority of machine learning (ML) methods to predict the risk of Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events (MACEs) in chest pain patients with NSTE-ACS.@*METHODS@#Enrolled chest pain patients were from two centers, Beijing Anzhen Emergency Chest Pain Center Beijing Bo'ai Hospital, China Rehabilitation Research Center. Five classifiers were used to develop ML models. Accuracy, Precision, Recall, F-Measure and AUC were used to assess the model performance and prediction effect compared with HEART risk scoring system. Ultimately, ML model constructed by Naïve Bayes was employed to predict the occurrence of MACEs.@*RESULTS@#According to learning metrics, ML models constructed by different classifiers were superior over HEART (History, ECG, Age, Risk factors, & Troponin) scoring system when predicting acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and all-cause death. However, according to ROC curves and AUC, ML model constructed by different classifiers performed better than HEART scoring system only in prediction for AMI. Among the five ML algorithms, Linear support vector machine (SVC), Naïve Bayes and Logistic regression classifiers stood out with all Accuracy, Precision, Recall and F-Measure from 0.8 to 1.0 for predicting any event, AMI, revascularization and all-cause death ( vs. HEART ≤ 0.78), with AUC from 0.88 to 0.98 for predicting any event, AMI and revascularization ( vs. HEART ≤ 0.85). ML model developed by Naïve Bayes predicted that suspected acute coronary syndrome (ACS), abnormal electrocardiogram (ECG), elevated hs-cTn I, sex and smoking were risk factors of MACEs.@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with HEART risk scoring system, the superiority of ML method was demonstrated when employing Linear SVC classifier, Naïve Bayes and Logistic. ML method could be a promising method to predict MACEs in chest pain patients with NSTE-ACS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acute Coronary Syndrome/epidemiology , Bayes Theorem , Feasibility Studies , Risk Assessment/methods , Chest Pain/etiology , Myocardial Infarction/diagnosis
2.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 626-632, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984695

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the prognostic value of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) reserve assessed by gated SPECT myocardial perfusion imaging (SPECT G-MPI) for major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE) in patients with coronary artery disease. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study. From January 2017 to December 2019, patients with coronary artery disease and confirmed myocardial ischemia by stress and rest SPECT G-MPI, and underwent coronary angiography within 3 months were enrolled. The sum stress score (SSS) and sum resting score (SRS) were analyzed by the standard 17-segment model, and the sum difference score (SDS, SDS=SSS-SRS) was calculated. The LVEF at stress and rest were analyzed by 4DM software. The LVEF reserve (ΔLVEF) was calculated (ΔLVEF=stress LVEF-rest LVEF). The primary endpoint was MACE, which was obtained by reviewing the medical record system or by telephone follow-up once every twelve months. Patients were divided into MACE-free and MACE groups. Spearman correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between ΔLVEF and all MPI parameters. Cox regression analysis was used to analyze the independent factors of MACE, and the optimal SDS cutoff value for predicting MACE was determined by receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC). Kaplan-Meier survival curves were plotted to compare the difference in the incidence of MACE between different SDS groups and different ΔLVEF groups. Results: A total of 164 patients with coronary artery disease [120 male; age (58.6±10.7) years] were included. The average follow-up time was (26.5±10.4) months, and a total of 30 MACE were recorded during follow-up. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that SDS (HR=1.069, 95%CI: 1.005-1.137, P=0.035) and ΔLVEF (HR=0.935, 95%CI: 0.878-0.995, P=0.034) were independent predictors of MACE. According to ROC curve analysis, the optimal cut-off to predict MACE was a SDS of 5.5 with an area under the curve of 0.63 (P=0.022). Survival analysis showed that the incidence of MACE was significantly higher in the SDS≥5.5 group than in the SDS<5.5 group (27.6% vs. 13.2%, P=0.019), but the incidence of MACE was significantly lower in the ΔLVEF≥0 group than in theΔLVEF<0 group (11.0% vs. 25.6%, P=0.022). Conclusions: LVEF reserve (ΔLVEF) assessed by SPECT G-MPI serves as an independent protective factor for MACE, while SDS is an independent risk predictor in patients with coronary artery disease. SPECT G-MPI is valuable for risk stratification by assessing myocardial ischemia and LVEF.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging , Stroke Volume , Myocardial Perfusion Imaging , Retrospective Studies , Ventricular Function, Left , Myocardial Ischemia
3.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 144-149, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993570

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the normal reference value of left ventricular function parameters by cadmium-zinc-tellurium (CZT) SPECT stress gated myocardial perfusion imaging (G-MPI) in low-likelihood of stable coronary artery disease (SCAD).Methods:From March 2022 to August 2022, 348 consecutive SCAD patients (146 males, 202 females, age (58±10) years) who underwent exercise or pharmacological stress G-MPI (CZT SPECT) in Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University were retrospectively recruited. Left ventricular end-diastolic volume (EDV), end-systolic volume (ESV), and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) were acquired using quantitative gated SPECT (QGS) analysis. EDV and ESV were corrected by body surface area (BSA) to obtain EDV index (EDVI) and ESV index (ESVI), respectively. Independent-sample t test, one-way analysis of variance and Mann-Whitney U test were used for data analysis. The influences of EDV, ESV, EDVI, ESVI and LVEF were analyzed by multiple regressions for linear models. Results:There were 314 patients with low-likelihood of SCAD (128 males, 186 females, age (58±10) years) and 34 normal controls (18 males, 16 females, age (55±10) years). There were no significant differences of basic clinical characteristics and left ventricular function parameters in different genders between 2 groups ( z values: from -1.74 to -0.02, t values: from -1.16 to 1.17, all P>0.05). Using the 95% CI as the cut-off value for left ventricular function parameters in patients with a low-likelihood of SCAD, the upper limits of EDV, ESV, EDVI and ESVI in females and males were 84 and 111 ml, 30 and 44 ml, 47 and 54 ml/m 2, 17 and 21 ml/m 2, respectively, and the lower limit of LVEF in females and males were 58% and 55%, respectively. In the low-likelihood of SCAD group, the EDV ((58±13) vs (77±17) ml) and ESV ((16±7) vs (26±9) ml) of females were smaller than those of males ( t values: 10.65, 10.35, both P<0.001), while LVEF of females was higher than that of males ((72±7)% vs (67±6)%; t=-6.23, P<0.001). However, there were no significant differences in left ventricular function parameters among different age groups with the same gender ( F values: 0.12-2.19, all P>0.05). Based on multiple regression for linear models, the primary predictors of EDV, ESV and LVEF were gender and weight ( β values: from -0.380 to 0.358, all P<0.05). Conclusions:Normal reference values of left ventricular function parameters are established by CZT SPECT stress G-MPI in low-likelihood of SCAD patients. Left ventricular EDV and ESV of females are smaller than those of males, while LVEF of females is higher than that of males. The influence of gender on left ventricular function parameters should be considered in clinical practice.

4.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 170-176, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936130

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expectations of patients for total knee arthroplasty (TKA), and to analyze its influencing factors.@*METHODS@#Experimental design: Single center, retrospective, multiple regression analysis. The data including the age, height, and weight of 108 patients undergoing unilateral TKA due to end-stage osteoarthritis were obtained. The patients' preoperative Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) knee arthroplasty expectation score, the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities (WOMAC) score, Knee Society score (KSS), the MOS 36-item short-from health survey (SF-36) score, and visual analogue scale (VAS) were evaluated, and the 30-second chair-stand test (30-CST), 40-meter fast-paced walk test (40-FPWT), 12-level stair-climb test (12-SCT), 3-meter timed up-and-go test (TUG), 6-minute walk test (6-MWT), and recorded daily steps for 7 consecutive days were performed. The SPSS 22.0 software was used for statistical analysis. The observed values of various data were described. Pearson correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlation between various parameters, and the multi-factor linear regression analysis was used to investigate the influencing factors of the patients preoperative expectation scores.@*RESULTS@#The average expectation score of this group of patients was 58.98±5.44. In the Pearson correlation analysis, the patient's preoperative expectation had a weak correlation to the result of the patient's 12-SCT, TUG, 6-MWT, KSS function score, and SF-36 mental component score (correlation coefficient 0.1-0.3). The patient's preoperative expectation had a moderate correlation to the patient's daily average steps, 30-CST, 40-FPWT, KSS, WOMAC and its pain, stiffness, function scores, SF-36 physical functioning, role-physical, bodily pain, vitality, and physical component score (correlation coefficient 0.3-0.6). In the multivariate linear regression analysis, only the results of 30-CST and the role-physical, bodily pain and vitality in the SF-36 scale were related to the patient's expectation score (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The estimated expectation score of patients before TKA is not high. Patients with more severe preoperative pain, worse physical function, and lower overall health are more eager to improve after surgery. Thus surgeons must communicate fully with patients with unrealistic expectations before surgery in order to obtain more satisfactory results postoperatively.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Knee Joint/surgery , Motivation , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
5.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 208-215, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905301

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the effects of exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (ER) on patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and to identify which type of ACS patients would benefit most in terms of cardiovascular functional capacity after ER. Methods:From December, 2017 to July, 2019, 31 ACS patients who discharged in a stable situation after PCI were studied. All patients were referred to a three-month ER program after discharge. They were divided into normal wall motion group (normal group, n = 14) and abnormal regional wall motion group (abnormal group, n = 17) according to baseline myocardial wall motion reported by echocardiography. The degree of wall motion abnormalities was quantified by the wall motion score index (WMSI). Echocardiography and cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) were performed before and after ER. Results:Eight patients were dropped, and 23 patients completed the trial. WMSI decreased in the abnormal group (Z = -2.852, P = 0.004), and the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) didn't change in both groups (P > 0.05) after ER. CPET showed that the heart rate at rest decreased in the normal group after ER (t = -2.268, P = 0.047); and the peak work rate, peak oxygen uptake, percentage of predicted value of peak oxygen uptake, peak minute ventilation and the third minute heart rate recovery increased in the abnormal group after ER (t > 2.739, P < 0.05). Conclusion:ER during recovery period could help more improve the cardiac function and exercise tolerance of ACS patients with abnormal WMSI after PCI. WMSI is an important indicator of cardiac function in ACS patients with preserved ejection fraction.

6.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 819-828, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905212

ABSTRACT

Objective:To create a prediction model that could be used to stratify the risk of cardiac rehabilitation in patients with stable coronary artery disease by using test data based on cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) and general clinical data. Methods:A total of 114 patients with stable coronary artery disease were consecutively enrolled from the Cardiology Coronary Artery Disease Database of our hospital from December, 2014 to December, 2018, all the patients underwent CPET before coronary angiography. LASSO was used for feature selection. A nomogram was formulated based on the results of multivariate Logistic regression analysis using the RMS package of R. The predictive power was assessed with Receiver Operating Characteristic Curve. Results:Seven predictors were identified based on LASSO: coronary angiography results, the maximum value of ventilatory equivalent for carbon dioxide (EqCO2max), lymphocyte count, fasting blood glucose levels, cardiac muscle enzyme positivity, blood homocysteine and blood urea nitrogen levels. Combined with clinical experience and weighting analysis, the final four factors were included for Logistic regression modeling: coronary angiography results, EqCO2max, lymphocyte count and fasting blood glucose levels. The area under the curve was 0.875 for the model. Conclusion:EqCO2max and lymphocyte count are key predictors for stable coronary heart disease and can be used to identify patients at high risk for cardiac rehabilitation. A risk stratification model based on CPET and laboratory tests can be used to assess risk stratification for cardiac rehabilitation in patients with stable coronary artery disease.

7.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 1191-1195, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942319

ABSTRACT

Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies are a group of rare but serious diseases. The treatment of refractory idiopathic inflammatory myopathy is always challenging, especially in children. Three cases of refractory idiopathic inflammatory myopathy treated by rituximab were reported and discussed with the review of relevant literature. All were female with on-set age of 8 years and 6 months, 11 years and 7 months, 4 years and 2 months old, respectively. All had acute onset, presenting with progressive and severe muscle weakness. All lost ambulation within 1 or 2 months, with difficult swallowing and low voice. Respiratory distress occurred in case 2 after an attack of asphyxia due to an aspiration of sputum, and ventilator support was required for 1 month. Rashes were detected at the initial stage of the disease in cases 2 and 3. Patient 2 showed facial erythematous papules, spreading to her neck and hands. Patient 3 showed purplish eyelids with peri-orbital swelling, generalized edema involving all her limbs. Creatine kinase (CK) levels were markedly elevated in all the patients, ranging from 6 000 IU/L to 28 819 IU/L. Anti-SRP antibody was identified in cases 1, and anti-NXP2 antibodies were confirmed in cases 2 and 3. MRI of both thighs in all the patients showed profound muscle and fascial edema. Muscle pathology of patient 1 showed prominent fiber variation and endomysial fibrosis, with overexpression of MHC-Ⅰ. While muscle pathology in patients 2 and 3 showed scattered fiber necrosis, regeneration, endomysial edema without inflammatory cell infiltration. All the patients were diagnosed with idiopathic inflammatory myopathy and failed to the initial treatment including adequate glucocorticoids and high-dose immunoglobulin therapy. Other immunosuppressants (methotrexate, cyclophosphamide) were also tried in cases 2 and 3 with poor response. Then all the patients were treated with rituximab combined with glucocorticoids. Patient 1 regained normal strength and discontinued rituximab at the end of her last follow-up (2 years and 7 mouths). Though calcinosis developed during the follow-up period, significant improvement was noticed in cases 2 and 3 (both regained the ability to walk independently) at the end of their last follow-up after 2 years and 8 months, 3 years and 2 months respectively. Long-term rituximab therapy may improve the prognosis of refractory idiopathic inflammatory myopathy, especially with positive anti-SRP and anti-NXP2 antibodies.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Infant , Glucocorticoids , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Myositis/drug therapy , Rituximab
8.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 711-714, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905506

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the time-dependent changes of blood pressure with the increase of exercise intensity and its clinical significance in Cardiopulmonary Exercise Test for female patients with hypertension. Methods:From August, 2018 to August, 2019, 64 patients (hypertension group) who did not take β-receptor blockers and dihydropyridine calcium antagonists were selected from grade 1 and grade 2 hypertension women excluding myocardial ischemia with Cardiopulmonary Exercise Test. And 86 healthy women (non-hypertension group) excluding myocardial ischemia from the same period of Cardiopulmonary Exercise Test were selected as the controls for retrospective analysis. The time-dependent changes of blood pressure with the increase of exercise intensity were compared between two groups. Results:The blood pressures at resting for three minutes, anaerobic threshold and peak were significantly higher in the hypertension group than in the non-hypertension group (Z > 3.306, P < 0.001). There was no significant difference in peak oxygen uptake between two groups (Z = 1.549, P > 0.05). Conclusion:The blood pressure of the patients with grade 1 and grade 2 hypertension is prone to over elevation, who should pay more attention on blood pressure in sports and rehabilitation.

9.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 281-287, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869161

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the image quality (IQ) of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT imaging and identify its influenfial factors in diabetes mellitus (DM) and non-DM patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods:A total of 196 consecutive CAD patients (174 males, 22 females, 68 DM; age: (57±10) years) in Beijing Anzhen Hospital between June 2016 and February 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent 18F-FDG myocardial PET/CT imaging. The standardized fasting+ oral glucose loading (OGL) and intravenously injection of insulin protocol was performed. According to the FDG uptake by myocardium, background activity in blood and other visceral organ nearby the heart, the IQ was visually evaluated and scored by 0-4. Zero-two was considered as good IQ, 3-4 was regarded as poor IQ. Patients were divided into three groups: group 1 (non-DM+ good IQ), group 2 (DM+ good IQ), group 3 (DM+ poor IQ). Factors which may affect IQ were analyzed, which including OGL, the injection dose of insulin, fasting blood glucose (FBG), peak blood glucose (PBG), blood glucose (BG) level at 18F-FDG injection (BG injnection), BG increasing rate ((PBG-FBG)/FBG, %), and BG decreasing rate ((PBG-BG injection)/PBG, %). One-way analysis of variance, Spearman correlation analysis and logistic regression analysis were used for data analysis. Results:There were significant differences ( F values: 13.074-38.371, all P<0.05) of FBG, PBG, OGL, BG decreasing rate and the injection dose of insulin among group 1 ( n=132, 67.3%), group 2 ( n=53, 27.1%), group 3 ( n=11, 5.6%). All those parameters, except for OGL, were positively correlated with FDG PET/CT IQ ( r s values: 0.142-0.262, all P<0.05). OGL was negatively correlated with IQ ( r s=-0.324, P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that FBG (odds ratio ( OR)=0.687, 95% CI: 0.633-0.746), PBG( OR=0.786, 95% CI: 0.746~0.829), BG injection( OR=0.631, 95% CI: 0.595-0.716), OGL( OR=0.897, 95% CI: 0.873-0.922), the injection dose of insulin( OR=0.680, 95% CI: 0.618-0.748) were predictive factors (all P<0.01) for good IQ in all patients. For DM patients, OGL was the only predictive factor for good IQ( OR =0.940, 95% CI: 0.904-0.960; P<0.01). Conclusions:FBG, PBG, BG injection, OGL, the injection dose of insulin can predict IQ for all patients with CAD. For DM patients with CAD, OGL is the only predictive factor for good IQ. A good IQ of 18F-FDG PET/CT could be obtained in majority of CAD patients, with the standardized fasting + OGL and intravenously injection of insulin protocol and adjust according to the personal status, and prevent the hypoglycemia from happening.

10.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 385-388, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862859

ABSTRACT

Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is a kind of malignant lymphoma with a good prognosis. With the constant development of medical technology, the cure rate of HL has increased significantly. At present, the main problem is risk-adapted therapy according to the disease condition and prognosis-related factors to increase or decrease the intensity of treatment, in order to increase the cure rate and reduce the side effects, prolong the survival time and improve the quality of life of patients. This article focuses on the analysis of HL prognosis-related factors, common treatment methods for HL, and the effect of PET-CT results on the implementation of risk-adapted therapy.

11.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (24): 903-908, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791229

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the prognostic value of prognostic nutritional index (PNI) in patients with diffuse large B-cell lym-phoma (DLBCL). Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 82 patients with DLBCL treated at Tianjin Union Medi-cal Center between June 2010 and June 2016. The optimal cutoff value of PNI was determined using a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and the Youden index. The relationship of high and low PNI with the clinical characteristics of the patients, therapeutic ef-ficacy, and prognosis were analyzed. Results: Overall, mean PNI of the patients was 46.17±8.8. When the PNI was 44.15, the Youden in-dex was found to be maximal, with a sensitivity of 74.6% and specificity of 67.2%. There were 38 patients (46.3%) in the low PNI group (<44.15) and 44 patients (53.7%) in the high PNI group (≥44.15). Data analysis showed that PNI was correlated with Eastern Coopera-tive Oncology Group performance status (ECOG PS), Ann Arbor stage, international prognostic index (IPI) score, and lactic acid dehydro-genase (LDH) level (P<0.05). The total effective rate of the low PNI group was significantly lower than that of the high PNI group (65.8% vs. 86.4%; χ2=4.848; P=0.028). The 3-year overall survival (OS) rate of the entire group of patients was 69.1%. The 1-, 2-, and 3-year OS rates of the low PNI group (86.8%, 67.8%, and 56.9%, respectively) were significantly lower than that of the high PNI group (96.7%, 89.5%, and 80.2%, respectively; χ2=9.421, P=0.002). Univariate analysis showed that PNI<44.15, ECOG PS≥2, IPI>2, stageⅢ/Ⅳ, and lymphocyte count<1.0×109/L had a significant impact on predicting OS (P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that PNI<44.15 (P=0.006) and stageⅢ/Ⅳ(P=0.011) were independent factors for predicting OS. Conclusions: PNI might be used as a simple and feasible clinical prognostic indicator in patients with DLBCL.

12.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3057-3061, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817441

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study the vasodilatory effect of oxysophocarpine (OSC) on isolated thoracic aortic rings of rats and its possible mechanism. METHODS: Thoracic aortic rings of rats were collected (called “vascular ring” for short). Using K-H nutrient solution as blank control and the diastolic rate as index, the effects of different concentrations (0.2-1.0 mg/mL) of OSC on normal vascular rings in basal state, normal or endothelium-free vascular rings pre-contracted by norepinephrine (PE, 1×10-6 mol/L) were investigated. After pre-culturing normal thoracic aortic rings by nitric oxide synthase inhibitor L-nitro-arginine methyl ester(L-NAME)and cyclooxygenase inhibitor indomethacin(INDO),as well as pre-culturing endothelium-free vascular rings by potassium ion channel blocker BaCl2,tetraethylammonium(TEA)and 4-aminopyridine(4-AP), the diastolic effects of OSC of different concentrations (0.2-1.0 mg/mL) on the above vascular rings were investigated by using the same method. RESULTS: Compared with blank control, there was no significant effects of different concentrations of OSC on the diastolic rate of normal vascular rings in basal state (P>0.05), but 0.4-1.0 mg/mL OSC could significantly improve the diastolic rate of normal or endothelium-free vascular rings pre-contracted by PE (P<0.01), in concentration-dependent manner. After preculturing with L-NAME, INDO, 4-AP and BaCl2, different concentrations of OSC had no significant effect on the diastolic rate of normal or endothelium-free vascular rings pre-contracted by PE (P>0.05). After pre-culturing with TEA and Gli, 0.4-1.0 mg/mL OSC could significantly reduce the diastolic rate of endothelium-free vas- cular rings pre-contracted by PE (P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: OSC did not significantly dilate the thoracic aortic rings of rats in the basal state within the dose range (0.2-1.0 mg/mL), but OSC of 0.4-1.0 mg/mL have significant diastolic effects on the normal or endothelium-free thoracic aortic rings of rats pre-contracted with PE. The mechanism of thoracic aortic rings dilation is endothelium-independent, which may be associated with receptor operational calcium channel,Ca2+-activated potassium channels and ATP-sensitive potassium channels.

13.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 37-40, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691604

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of neurokinin1 (NK1) receptor antagonist aprepitant combined with prednisone and tropisetron in prevention of nausea and vomiting (CINV) induced by R-CHOP or CHOP regimen. Methods A total of 90 patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) who accepted R-CHOP or CHOP regimen in the People''s Hospital of Tianjin from October 2015 to January 2016 were divided into aprepitant group (45 cases) and the control group (45 cases) according to the random number table. In aprepitant group, day 1: aprepitant 125 mg 1 h before chemotherapy, prednison 100 mg, tropisetron 10 mg, and tropisetron 5 mg 2 hours after chemotherapy;day 2-3:aprepitant 80 mg and prednison 100 mg, tropisetron 10 mg; day 4-5: prednison 100 mg. In the control group, day 1: prednison 100 mg 1 h before chemotherapy, tropisetron 10 mg, and tropisetron 5 mg 2 h after chemotherapy; days 2-3: prednison 100 mg, tropisetron 10 mg; day 4-5: prednison 100 mg. Data on nausea, vomiting and remission treatment were collected every day. The complete remission (CR) rates of CINV without vomiting and remission drugs in the whole cycle were recorded. Functional living index-emesis questionnaire (FILE) was used to assess the effect of CINV on the life quality of the patients. Results CR in aprepitant group was higher than that in the control group (77.8 % vs. 55.6 %, χ2= 5.000, P= 0.025). The rate of no vomiting in aprepitant regimen was higher than that in the control regimen (82.2 % vs. 62.2 %, χ2 = 4.486, P= 0.034). The average scores of FILE between the two groups were (113 ±10) and (100 ±11) scores respectively, and there was a significant difference (t=12.437, P<0.001). The related adverse reactions of vomiting-stopping drugs in both groups had no statistical difference. Conclusion The aprepitant combined with tropisetron and prednisone can improve effectively nausea and vomiting induced by R-CHOP or CHOP chemotherapy regimen for DLBCL patients.

14.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 345-348, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689752

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Objective</b>To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of low-concentration hydrogen peroxide solution (HPS) for continuous bladder irrigation after transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data about 148 cases of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) treated by TURP from January 2013 to January 2016. Seventy-six of the patients received postoperative continuous bladder irrigation with 0.15% HPS (group A) and the other 72 with normal saline (group B). We compared the two groups of patients in their postoperative hemoglobin (Hb) levels, duration of bladder irrigation, frequency of catheter blockage, time of catheterization, and length of hospital stay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups of patients preoperatively in the prostate volume, International Prostate Symptoms Score, maximum urinary flow rate, postvoid residual urine, or levels of serum PSA and Hb (P > 0.05). At 48 hours after operation, a significantly less reduction was observed in the Hb level in group A than in group B ([3.38 ± 2.56] vs [7.29 ± 6.58] g/L, P < 0.01). The patients of group A, in comparison with those of group B, also showed remarkably shorter duration of postoperative bladder irrigation ([32.57 ± 5.99] vs [46.10 ± 8.79] h, P < 0.01), lower rate of catheter blockage (3.3% vs 11.8%, P < 0.01), shorter time of catheterization ([3.74 ± 0.79] vs [4.79 ± 0.93] d, P < 0.01), and fewer days of postoperative hospital stay ([4.22 ± 0.81] vs [4.67 ± 0.88] d, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Low-concentration HPS for continuous bladder irrigation after TURP can reduce blood loss, catheter blockage, bladder irrigation duration, catheterization time, and hospital stay, and therefore deserves a wide clinical application.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Anti-Infective Agents, Local , Catheter Obstruction , Hydrogen Peroxide , Length of Stay , Postoperative Hemorrhage , Postoperative Period , Prostatic Hyperplasia , Blood , General Surgery , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Therapeutic Irrigation , Methods , Transurethral Resection of Prostate , Treatment Outcome , Urinary Bladder , Urinary Bladder Neck Obstruction , Urinary Retention
15.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 930-933, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701218

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the effect of lutein on the viability of breast cancer cells and its possible mech -anism.METHODS:The human breast cancer T47D cells were divided into control group and lutein(6.25,12.5,25,50 mg/L)treatment groups.The effect of lutein on the viability of T47D cells was measured by MTT assay.The mRNA ex-pression of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2(Nrf2),glutathione peroxidase 1(GPx1)and superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2)was detected by RT-qPCR.Fluorescent probes DCFH-DA was used to determine the production of reactive oxygen species(ROS).The protein expression of Nrf2 and p65 was determined by Western blot.RESULTS: The MTT results showed that lutein inhibited T47D breast cancer cell viability in a dose-and time-dependent manner.The RT-qPCR results showed that the mRNA levels of Nrf2, GPx1 and SOD2 were higher in lutein treatment groups than those in the control group(P<0.05),and with the increased concentrations and extension of intervention time of lutein, the relative mRNA levels were all increased.The ROS levels were significantly decreased in the lutein-treated groups(P<0.05).The results of Western blot demonstrated that the protein expression of Nrf 2 was significantly increased(P<0.05), and p65 protein was decreased(P<0.05)in a dose-dependent manner with lutein treatment for 48 h.CONCLUSION: Lutein signifi-cantly inhibits the viability of breast cancer cells,and the inhibition roles may be related to up-regulation of the expression of Nrf2,antioxidant enzymes GPx1 and SOD2 mRNA expression and down-regulation of oxidative stress,thus blocking the NF-κB signaling pathway.

16.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (24): 486-492, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-490337

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the therapeutic efficacy and safety of Hyper-CVAD/MA regimen and CHOP/CHOP-like regimen in the treatment of peripheral T-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (PTCL-NOS). Methods:The 78 primary PTCL-NOS patients who were initially diagnosed and treated in Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital and Tianjin Union Medical Center from June 2004 to June 2012 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were then divided into two groups:Hyper-CVAD/MA group (n=21) and CHOP/CHOP-like group (n=57). Curative efficacies and toxicities were analyzed by Chi-square test, and survival was estimated by Ka-plan-Meier method. Results: In the Hyper-CVAD/MA group, complete response (CR) was 42.9%, overall response rate (ORR) was 85.7%, median progression-free survival (PFS) was 20 months, and the three-year overall survival (OS) was 56.9%. In the CHOP/CHOP-like group, the CR, ORR, and three-year OS were 28.1%, 59.6%, and 49.6%, respectively, and the median PFS was 13 months. Compara-tive analysis showed that the ORR and three-year OS were statistically significant (P0.05). The incidence rates ofⅢ/Ⅳneutrocytopenia and thrombocytopenia in Hyper-CVAD/MA group (66.7%and 61.9%, respectively) were significantly higher than those of the CHOP/CHOP-like group (22.8%and 14.0%, respec-tively) (P<0.05). Conclusion:Hyper-CVAD/MA regimen can achieve satisfactory efficacy in parents with PTCL-NOS, and toxicity can be controlled with granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF).

17.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E089-E093, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804417

ABSTRACT

Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is the most common surgery for treating late-stage knee osteoarthritis. Previous studies have shown that after unilateral TKA, the load-carrying on lower limbs is asymmetrical and the contralateral knee have to bear even greater loads. Therefore, the osteoarthritis side is susceptible to become even worse and under the risk of subsequent replacement. In this review, factors affecting asymmetrical loading on lower limbs, including changes in alignment, pain, muscle weakness, loss of proprioception, and psychological factors are reviewed. The overall effects of these affecting factors on human body, compensation of asymmetrical loading on the body segments and clinical interventions are also discussed. Specific clinical interventions can be introduced to reduce the risk of osteoarthritis or replacement of contralateral knee by analyzing the above factors affecting asymmetrical loading on lower limbs after unilateral TKA.

18.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E219-E226, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804375

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate ISO 7206 standard used as a guidance for clinical selection of total hip prosthesis. Methods Kinematics and dynamics process of normal walking gait was simulated by establishing a numerical musculoskeletal model; the corresponding finite element model of total hip prosthesis was constructed, and gait loads were applied to calculate stress distribution on prosthesis, which were compared with that on ISO finite element model. ResultsPeaks of hip joint reaction forces were achieved at 20% gait and 54% gait during normal walking gait, which were used as gait loads for finite element simulation, and the results showed that the maximum Von Mises stress of prosthesis was reached at 20% gait. The maximum Von Mises stress of prosthesis in loosening model was higher than that in non-loosening model, and some differences existed in the distribution pattern. The maximum stresses of prosthesis both under ISO loads and gait loads by different body weights were analyzed and compared, and the maximum stress of prosthesis under ISO loads was equivalent to that under gait loads by body weight between 108 kg and 142 kg. ConclusionsThe prosthesis that passed ISO test can meet the strength requirement for normal gait loads of 100 kg body weight.

19.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 561-564, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357189

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the applied valuation of Onodera prognostic nutrition index (Onodera index) in elderly patients with colorectal cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Onodera indexes of 163 elderly patients with colorectal cancer were calculated and these patients were divided into better-nourished group (Onodera index ≥45) and under-nourished group (Onodera index <45). Correlations of Onodera index with general data, operation type, postoperative complication, recovery of gastrointestinal function, clinicopathological feature and prognosis were analyzed. Cox proportional hazards model was also established to identify the independent prognostic factors for prognosis of elderly patients with colorectal cancer.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Patients in better-nourished group had significantly higher radical resection rate [90.9% (70/77) vs. 62.8% (54/86), P<0.01], lower postoperative complication rate [17.1% (12/70) vs. 53.7% (29/54), P<0.01] and earlier postoperative defecation [(3.09±1.14) d vs. (3.43±1.98) d, P<0.05] than those in under-nourished group. Onodera index was found to be related to age, tumor location, tumor size, and operation type (all P<0.05). Better-nourished group had significantly better survival than worse-nourished group (5-year survival rate: 64% vs. 24%, P<0.01). Onodera index was identified as an independent prognostic factor for elderly patients with colorectal cancer (RR=0.888, 95%CI:0.800-0.985, P=0.025).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Onodera index is a valuable clinical marker in preoperative estimation as well as prognosis prediction for elderly patients with colorectal cancer.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Colorectal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Nutrition Assessment , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
20.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 130-135, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-359787

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To delineate the characteristics of the clinical manifestation, pathology of skeletal muscle and gene mutations of mitochondrial encephalomyopathy with lactic acidosis and stroke-like episode (MELAS) in children.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The clinical manifestation, laboratorial data, brain images, muscle pathology and mitochondrial gene mutations were analyzed in 24 patients with MELAS who were diagnosed in Department of Pediatrics, Peking University First Hospital. Their prognosis was evaluated by following up.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Symptoms of central nervous system such as stroke-like episodes, vomiting, convulsion and headache were present in all the 24 cases. Nine cases had the symptoms of myopathy. Twenty cases had developmental delay. Short stature, being thin and hairy was very common in these cases. Serum lactate level increased in all the cases, pyruvate increased in 17 cases. Elevated CSF lactate was found in 2 cases. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed on 24 cases, out of them 23 were abnormal. The lesions mainly involved cerebral lobes. Occipital lobe was the most common site of lesions. Computed tomography (CT) was performed on 13 cases, low density lesions were present in 10 cases, basal ganglia calcifications in 5 cases. Muscle biopsy was performed on 8 cases, ragged-red fibers (RRF) were found in 4/8 cases, and abnormal accumulation of mitochondria were found in 3/8 cases. The mtDNA gene mutational analysis showed A3243G mutation in these patients. The mutation rates varied from 11.6% to 75.0%. The same mutation were found in 4/5 mothers who had the genetic tests, and the mutation rates of the mothers varied from 15.0% to 23.6%. The clinical information of 11 cases was available through recent following up. Three cases died, the others had some degrees of mental retardation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Children with MELAS had various clinical manifestations. Central nervous system and skeletal muscle were usually involved. Short stature and hypertrichosis were common signs. The prognosis of this disease was disappointing. mtDNA A3243G was the most common mutation in MELAS. Fully understanding the characteristics of its clinical manifestation, laboratory tests, brain image, muscle pathology and molecular features can be helpful to the early diagnosis and treatment.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Acidosis, Lactic , Blood , Brain , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , DNA Mutational Analysis , DNA, Mitochondrial , Genetics , Electroencephalography , Follow-Up Studies , MELAS Syndrome , Diagnosis , Genetics , Pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Muscle, Skeletal , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Point Mutation , Pyruvic Acid , Blood , Stroke , Diagnostic Imaging , Genetics , Pathology , Syndrome , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
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