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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 731-736, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016586

ABSTRACT

Diabetic retinopathy(DR)represents the primary cause of blindness among the global working-age population, and the disruption of the blood-retinal barrier is a crucial factor. Research in recent years has elucidated that DR transcends the scope of a mere microvascular disorder into a complex interplay of retinal glial cells and neurodegeneration microvascular pathology. Neuronal damage may precede vascular endothelial changes in the retinal neurovascular unit(RNVU)in the early stage of DR, and glial cell activation further exacerbates vascular barrier dysfunction. Retinal microglia are immune cells that reside in the retina and are involved in chronic inflammatory responses induced by long-term exposure to high glucose levels. Microglia secrete various inflammatory factors in response to high glucose levels, which can lead to the destruction of the blood-retinal barrier structure, increased neuronal apoptosis, and altered gliosis of Muller cells, thus affecting the retina's homeostatic balance. The RNVU has received increasing attention in recent years as a unitary structural study, and the mechanism of microglia in the RNVU and the progress of the study are reviewed.

2.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 182-200, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010654

ABSTRACT

Intermittent theta burst stimulation (iTBS), a time-saving and cost-effective repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation regime, has been shown to improve cognition in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the specific mechanism underlying iTBS-induced cognitive enhancement remains unknown. Previous studies suggested that mitochondrial functions are modulated by magnetic stimulation. Here, we showed that iTBS upregulates the expression of iron-sulfur cluster assembly 1 (ISCA1, an essential regulatory factor for mitochondrial respiration) in the brain of APP/PS1 mice. In vivo and in vitro studies revealed that iTBS modulates mitochondrial iron-sulfur cluster assembly to facilitate mitochondrial respiration and function, which is required for ISCA1. Moreover, iTBS rescues cognitive decline and attenuates AD-type pathologies in APP/PS1 mice. The present study uncovers a novel mechanism by which iTBS modulates mitochondrial respiration and function via ISCA1-mediated iron-sulfur cluster assembly to alleviate cognitive impairments and pathologies in AD. We provide the mechanistic target of iTBS that warrants its therapeutic potential for AD patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mice , Animals , Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation , Alzheimer Disease/therapy , Cognitive Dysfunction/therapy , Cognition , Sulfur , Iron , Iron-Sulfur Proteins , Mitochondrial Proteins
3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4663-4674, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008633

ABSTRACT

A method based on ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with triple quadrupole linear ion trap-tandem mass spectrometry(UHPLC-QTRAP-MS/MS) was developed for the simultaneous determination of 41 bioactive constituents of flavonoids, organic acids, nucleosides, and amino acids in Lysimachiae Herba. The content of multiple bioactive constituents was compared among the samples from different habitats. The chromatographic separation was performed in a Waters XBridge®C_(18) column(4.6 mm×100 mm, 3.5 μm) at 30 ℃. The gradient elution was performed with 0.4% methanol(A)-formic acid water(B) as the mobile phase at a flow rate of 0.8 mL·min~(-1), and the multiple-reaction monitoring(MRM) mode was adopted. According to the content of 41 constituents, hierarchical cluster analysis(HCA), orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA), and gray relational analysis(GRA) were perfomed to comprehensively evaluate the samples from different habitats. The results showed that the 41 constituents exhibited good linear relationship within the tested concentration ranges, with the correlation coefficients(r) greater than 0.999 4. The method featured good precision, repeatability, and stability with the relative standard deviations(RSDs) less than 5.0%. The average recoveries of the 41 constituents ranged from 98.06% to 101.9%, with the RSDs of 0.62%-4.6%. HCA and OPLS-DA separated 48 batches of Lysimachiae Herba samples from different habitats into three categories: the producing areas in Sichuan and Chongqing, the producing areas in Jiangsu, Zhejiang, and Jiangxi, and the producing areas in Guizhou. The content of 41 constituents varied among the Lysimachiae Herba samples from different habitats. The GRA results revealed that the Lysimachiae Herba sample from Nanchong City, Sichuan Province had the best comprehensive quality. The method developed in this study was accurate and reliable and thus can be used for comprehensive evaluation of Lysimachiae Herba quality and provide basic information for the selection of habitats.


Subject(s)
Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods , Multivariate Analysis , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Amino Acids/analysis
4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 547-550, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991360

ABSTRACT

As an elective or compulsory professional course for traditional Chinese medicine related majors in colleges and universities, Chinese Materia Medica Processing plays a role in imparting professional knowledge and skills. More importantly, the Chinese Materia Medica Processing also has a recessive role in the cultivation of professional ethics. Through in-depth excavation of the rich ideological and political education elements in the teaching of Chinese Materia Medica Processing, the seamless connection between the ideological and political elements and the knowledge module of the course is realized, and the modern Chinese Materia Medica Processing teaching mode with the organic unity of value guidance, knowledge teaching and ability training is built, so as to achieve the unity of knowledge teaching and value guidance while highlighting the professional skills training.

5.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 431-437, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990055

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical data of anti-factor H antibody-associated atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) in children, and analyze the risk factors for disease recurrence and poor prognosis.Methods:A prospective cohort study was conducted on 52 children with anti-factor H antibody-associated aHUS in Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University from November 2011 to November 2021.Patient information about the genetic background, clinical and renal pathological characteristics, treatment, and prognosis were collected.Then, the disease recurrence and prognosis were analyzed using the survival curve and Cox regression model. Results:In 52 children, there were 33 males and 19 females.The average age of onset for aHUS was 2.4-12.8 years, and 92.3%(48/52) of the children developed symptoms at the age of 4-12 years.The copy numbers of complement factor-H-related 1 (CFHR1) and complement factor-H-related 3 (CFHR3) genes were calculated in 42 children.Among the 42 cases, 18 cases (42.9%) had CFHR1 homozygous deletion, and 83.3% (15/18) of them also had CFHR3 homozygous deletion.All the patients were given plasma therapy.Besides, 76.9% (40/52) of the children were treated with immunosuppressive therapy (steroid and/or immunosuppressant) at the first onset of the disease.About 86.5%(45/52 cases) of the patients received immunosuppressive therapy in the course of disease, and the immunosuppressive treatment lasted for 6-20 months in total.The median follow-up time was 58 (28, 91) months.Among 52 patients, only 12 patients (23.1%) suffered disease recurrence.The relapse-free survival rate in children with CFHR1 homozygous deletion was significantly lower than that in children with non-homozygous deletion ( χ2=4.700, P=0.030). The relapse-free survival rate in children with CFHR1 and CFHR3 homozygous deletions was also significantly lower than that in other children ( χ2=4.181, P=0.041). At the end of the follow-up, 73.1%(38/52) of the children had normal renal function and no persistent proteinuria or hypertension.23.1%(12/52 cases) of the children had persistent proteinuria and/or hypertension.One child had Stage 3-4 chronic kidney disease, and 1 child was dialysis dependent. Conclusions:Anti-factor H antibody-associated aHUS is prone to occur in children aged between 4-12 years old, who respond well to plasma therapy and immunosuppressive therapy.Children with anti-factor H antibody-associated aHUS and CFHR1 and CFHR3 homozygous deletions have a high recurrence rate.Treatment with immunosuppressive therapy and assessment of the copy number of CFHR1 and CFHR3 genes in the early stage of the disease are important for preventing disease recurrence and improving prognosis.

6.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 54-54, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010709

ABSTRACT

Digital guided therapy (DGT) has been advocated as a contemporary computer-aided technique for treating endodontic diseases in recent decades. The concept of DGT for endodontic diseases is categorized into static guided endodontics (SGE), necessitating a meticulously designed template, and dynamic guided endodontics (DGE), which utilizes an optical triangulation tracking system. Based on cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images superimposed with or without oral scan (OS) data, a virtual template is crafted through software and subsequently translated into a 3-dimensional (3D) printing for SGE, while the system guides the drilling path with a real-time navigation in DGE. DGT was reported to resolve a series of challenging endodontic cases, including teeth with pulp obliteration, teeth with anatomical abnormalities, teeth requiring retreatment, posterior teeth needing endodontic microsurgery, and tooth autotransplantation. Case reports and basic researches all demonstrate that DGT stand as a precise, time-saving, and minimally invasive approach in contrast to conventional freehand method. This expert consensus mainly introduces the case selection, general workflow, evaluation, and impact factor of DGT, which could provide an alternative working strategy in endodontic treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Consensus , Endodontics/methods , Tooth , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Dental Care , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Root Canal Therapy
7.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 423-429, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973238

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect and mechanism of Scutellaria Baicalensis polysaccharides on intestinal immunity in mice with ulcerative colitis (UC). MethodsC57BL/6 mice were randomly assigned to blank group, model group, mesalazine group and Scutellaria Baicalensis polysaccharides low-dose, medium-dose and high-dose groups (n=10 mice/group). The daily status of mice was observed and the disease activity index (DAI) score was recorded. The expression of cytokines including IL-6, IL-17 and IL-23 in serum was detected by ELISA. After the mice were sacrificed, HE was used to observe the intestinal mucosal damage in mice, and the colonic tissue damage index (TDI) score was recorded. Western blot and immunohistochemistry were used to detect the expression levels of Janus kinase 2 (JAK2), signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT3), p-JAK2 and p-STAT3 proteins. ResultsCompared with the blank group, the DAI score of the model group was significantly increased, the contents of IL-6, IL-17 and IL-23 in serum were significantly increased, the ratio of p-JAK2/JAK2 and p-STAT3/STAT3 in colon tissue was significantly increased, and the expression levels of p-JAK2 and p-STAT3 were significantly increased. Compared with the model group, the DAI score of mice in each administration group was significantly decreased. The contents of IL-6, IL-17 and IL-23 in serum were decreased, the TDI score was decreased, the ratio of p-JAK2/JAK2 and p-STAT3/STAT3 in colon tissue was decreased, and the expression of p-JAK2 and p-STAT3 was decreased. ConclusionScutellaria Baicalensis polysaccharides may improve the inflammatory effect of UC mice through JAK2/STAT3 pathway and IL-23/IL-17 inflammatory axis.

8.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 114-121, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971160

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUCMSCs) combined with autologous Meek microskin transplantation on patients with extensive burns. Methods: The prospective self-controlled study was conducted. From May 2019 to June 2022, 16 patients with extensive burns admitted to the 990th Hospital of PLA Joint Logistics Support Force met the inclusion criteria, while 3 patients were excluded according to the exclusion criteria, and 13 patients were finally selected, including 10 males and 3 females, aged 24-61 (42±13) years. A total of 20 trial areas (40 wounds, with area of 10 cm×10 cm in each wound) were selected. Two adjacent wounds in each trial area were divided into hUCMSC+gel group applied with hyaluronic acid gel containing hUCMSCs and gel only group applied with hyaluronic acid gel only according to the random number table, with 20 wounds in each group. Afterwards the wounds in two groups were transplanted with autologous Meek microskin grafts with an extension ratio of 1∶6. In 2, 3, and 4 weeks post operation, the wound healing was observed, the wound healing rate was calculated, and the wound healing time was recorded. The specimen of wound secretion was collected for microorganism culture if there was purulent secretion on the wound post operation. In 3, 6, and 12 months post operation, the scar hyperplasia in wound was assessed using the Vancouver scar scale (VSS). In 3 months post operation, the wound tissue was collected for hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining to observe the morphological changes and for immunohistochemical staining to observe the positive expressions of Ki67 and vimentin and to count the number of positive cells. Data were statistically analyzed with paired samples t test and Bonferronni correction. Results: In 2, 3, and 4 weeks post operation, the wound healing rates in hUCMSC+gel group were (80±11)%, (84±12)%, and (92±9)%, respectively, which were significantly higher than (67±18)%, (74±21)%, and (84±16)% in gel only group (with t values of 4.01, 3.52, and 3.66, respectively, P<0.05). The wound healing time in hUCMSC+gel group was (31±11) d, which was significantly shorter than (36±13) d in gel only group (t=-3.68, P<0.05). The microbiological culture of the postoperative wound secretion specimens from the adjacent wounds in 2 groups was identical, with negative results in 4 trial areas and positive results in 16 trial areas. In 3, 6, and 12 months post operation, the VSS scores of wounds in gel only group were 7.8±1.9, 6.7±2.1, and 5.4±1.6, which were significantly higher than 6.8±1.8, 5.6±1.6, and 4.0±1.4 in hUCMSC+gel group, respectively (with t values of -4.79, -4.37, and -5.47, respectively, P<0.05). In 3 months post operation, HE staining showed an increase in epidermal layer thickness and epidermal crest in wound in hUCMSC+gel group compared with those in gel only group, and immunohistochemical staining showed a significant increase in the number of Ki67 positive cells in wound in hUCMSC+gel group compared with those in gel only group (t=4.39, P<0.05), with no statistically significant difference in the number of vimentin positive cells in wound between the 2 groups (P>0.05). Conclusions: The application of hyaluronic acid gel containing hUCMSCs to the wound is simple to perform and is therefore a preferable route. Topical application of hUCMSCs can promote healing of the autologous Meek microskin grafted area in patients with extensive burns, shorten wound healing time, and alleviate scar hyperplasia. The above effects may be related to the increased epidermal thickness and epidermal crest, and active cell proliferation.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Burns/surgery , Cicatrix , Eosine Yellowish-(YS) , Hyaluronic Acid/therapeutic use , Hyperplasia , Ki-67 Antigen , Prospective Studies , Umbilical Cord , Vimentin
9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 654-658, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982112

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) status and prognosis value in patients with newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) by flow cytometry (FCM).@*METHODS@#The clinical features of the 75 newly diagnosed ALL patients from September 2020 to December 2021 in our centre were retrospective analyzed, as well as the bone marrow (BM) and CSF minimal residual disease (MRD) data, and the CSF conventional cytology data. Central nervous system infiltration(CNSI) positive was as CSF MRD positive by FCM or leukemia cells detected by conventional cytology. The status of CSF were compared and analyzed by FCM and conventional cytology, the clinical features and the prognosis value of different CNSI status in these patients were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among 75 newly diagnosed ALL, 16 cases (21%) with CNSI positive (CNSI+) were detected by FCM, while only 2 positive cases (3%) were detected by conventional cytology. The CNSI+ rate detected by FCM was significantly higher than conventional cytology(P<0.05). Compared with CNSI- ALL patients, the median age of CNSI+ ALL patients was significantly younger, and the median platelet count was significantly lower, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Up to follow-up time (August 31, 2022), four ALL patients were died, including 3 patients were CNSI- and 1 patient was CNSI+. Furthermore, three cases were primary disease relapse, including 1 case was CNSI+. There was no significant difference in overall survival (OS) rate and relapse-free survival (RFS) rate of the patients with different CNSI status.@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with conventional cytology, FCM is a more sensitive assay to evaluate the central nervous system status in ALL patients. After active treatment, there was no significant difference in OS and RFS between patients with different CNSI status at diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retrospective Studies , Flow Cytometry , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/drug therapy , Prognosis , Bone Marrow , Neoplasm, Residual , Recurrence
10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3448-3461, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981480

ABSTRACT

A comprehensive analytical method based on ultra-fast liquid chromatography coupled with triple quadrupole/linear ion trap tandem mass spectrometry(UFLC-QTRAP-MS/MS) was established for simultaneous determination of the content of 45 bioactive constituents including flavonoids, alkaloids, amino acids, phenolic acids, and nucleosides in Epimedium brevicornum. The multiple bioactive constituents in leaves, petioles, stems and rhizomes of E. brevicornum were analyzed. The gradient elution was performed at 30 ℃ in an XBridge~® C_(18) column(4.6 mm×100 mm, 3.5 μm) with 0.4% formic acid aqueous solution-acetonitrile as the mobile phase at a flow rate of 0.8 mL·min~(-1). Single factor experiment and response surface methodology were employed to optimize the extraction conditions. Multivariate statistical analyses including systematic cluster analysis(SCA), principal component analysis(PCA), partial least squares discriminant analysis(PLS-DA), and one-way analysis of variance(One-way ANOVA) were carried out to classify the samples from different parts and identify different constituents. Grey relation analysis(GRA) and entropy weight-TOPSIS analysis were performed to build a multi-index comprehensive evaluation model for different parts of E. brevicornum. The results showed that there was a good relationship between the mass concentrations of 45 constituents and the corresponding peak areas, with the correlation coefficients(r) not less than 0.999 0. The precision, repeatability, and stability of the established method were good for all the target constituents in this study, with the relative standard deviations(RSDs) less than 5.0%(0.62%-4.9%) and the average recovery of 94.51%-105.7%. The above results indicated that the bioactive constituents varied in different parts of E. brevicornum, and the overall quality followed the trend of leaves > petioles > rhizomes > stems. This study verified the rationality of the Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2020 edition) stipulating that the medicinal part of E. brevicornum is the leaf. Moreover, our study indicated that the rhizome had the potential for medicinal development. The established method was accurate and reliable, which can be used to comprehensive evaluate and control the quality of E. brevicornum. This study provides data reference for clarifying the medicinal parts and rationally utilizing the resources of E. brevicornum.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Epimedium , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Chromatography, Liquid , Multivariate Analysis
11.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 545-551, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980758

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of electroacupuncture at "Siguan" points on behavior, colonic 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) and fecal short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) in rats with post-stroke depression (PSD), and explore the effect mechanism of electroacupuncture at Siguan points on PSD.@*METHODS@#Fifty SD rats were randomly divided into a sham-operation group, a stroke group, a PSD group, a drug group and an electroacupuncture group, with 10 rats in each one. The stroke model was established by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) method in the stroke group; except for the sham-operation group, the rats in the other groups were intervened with MCAO combined with solitary and chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) to establish PSD model. In the electroacupuncture group, electroacupuncture was delivered at "Hegu" (LI 4) and "Taichong" (LR 3), with disperse-dense wave, 2 Hz/10 Hz in frequency, for 30 min in each intervention, once daily, for consecutive 21 days. Simultaneously, distilled water (0.01 L•kg-1•d-1) was administrated intragastrically. Fluoxetine solution (2.33 mg•kg-1•d-1) was given by gavage , once a day and for 21 days in the drug group. The same procedure of fixation and gavage with distilled water were adopted in the sham-operation group, the stroke group and the PSD group. Separately, before stroke modeling, after PSD modeling and after 21-day intervention, the consumption of sugar water and the scores of horizontal movement and vertical movement in open-field test were observed. After 21-day intervention, the content of colonic 5-HT was detected by immunohistochemical method, and that of fecal SCFAs was determined by gas chromatography mass spectrometry.@*RESULTS@#After PSD modeling, compared with the stroke group, the sugar water consumption, the horizontal movement scores and vertical movement scores of the open-field test were all reduced in the PSD group, the drug group and the electroacupuncture group (P<0.05). After 21-day intervention, the sugar water consumption and the scores of horizontal movement and vertical movement of the open-field test were increased in the drug group and the electroacupuncture group (P<0.05) when compared with the PSD group; and the horizontal movement score in the electroacupuncture group was lower than that of the drug group (P<0.05). Compared with the sham-operation group, the contents of total fecal SCFAs and acetic acid were lower in the stroke group (P<0.05), and the contents of colonic 5-HT and total fecal SCFAs, acetic acid, propionic acid and butyric acid were reduced in the PSD group (P<0.05). In comparison with the PSD group, the contents of colonic 5-HT and total fecal SCFAs, acetic acid and propionic acid were increased in the drug group and the electroacupuncture group (P<0.05); and the content of colonic 5-HT in the electroacupuncture group was lower than that of the drug group (P<0.05). The level of colonic 5-HT was positively correlated with the contents of total fecal SCFAs and propionic acid (r=0.424, P=0.005; r=0.427, P=0.004).@*CONCLUSION@#Electroacupuncture at "Siguan" points can relieve the depression-like behavior of PSD rats, and its underlying mechanism may be related to the regulation of fecal SCFAs, which affects the release of colonic 5-HT.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Propionates , Serotonin , Depression/therapy , Electroacupuncture , Fatty Acids, Volatile , Stroke/complications , Acetic Acid , Butyric Acid , Water
12.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 649-652, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986186

ABSTRACT

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is an important public health concern, as approximately 3.5% of the world's population is currently chronically infected. Chronic HBV infection is the primary cause of cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, and deaths related to liver disease globally. Studies have found that in HBV infection, viruses can directly or indirectly regulate mitochondrial energy metabolism, oxidative stress, respiratory chain metabolites, and autophagy, thereby altering macrophage activation status, differentiation types, and related cytokine secretion type and quantity regulations. Therefore, mitochondria have become an important signal source for macrophages to participate in the body's immune system during HBV infection, providing a basis for mitochondria to be considered as a potential therapeutic target for chronic hepatitis B.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hepatitis B virus/physiology , Hepatitis B/complications , Hepatitis B, Chronic/complications , Mitochondria , Liver Neoplasms , Macrophages
13.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 305-311, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986071

ABSTRACT

Heterogeneous mutations in dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP) gene, which is located on autosome 4, are associated with hereditary dentin developmental disorders. According to the new classification proposed by de La Dure-Molla et al, diseases caused by DSPP gene mutations mainly manifested as abnormal dentin development are collectively referred to as dentinogenesis imperfecta (DI), including dentin dysplasia type Ⅱ (DD-Ⅱ), dentinogenesis imperfecta type Ⅱ (DGI-Ⅱ) and dentinogenesis imperfecta type Ⅲ (DGI-Ⅲ) in Shields classification. And dentin dysplasia type Ⅰ (DD-Ⅰ) in Shields classification is redesignated as radicular dentin dysplasia. In this paper, progress in the classification, clinical characteristics and genetic mechanisms of DI are reviewed. This paper also provides clinical management and treatment strategies for patients suffering DI.

14.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 620-625, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985919

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the long-term outcomes and risk factors in children with steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome (SSNS). Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted on newly onset SSNS admitted to the Department of Pediatrics of the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from January 2006 to December 2010 and 105 cases with follow-up for more than 10 years were included. Clinical data including general characteristics, clinical manifestation, laboratory tests, treatment and prognosis. The primary outcome was the clinical cure, and the secondary outcomes were relapse or ongoing immunosuppressive treatment within the last 1 year of follow-up and complications at the last follow-up. According to the primary outcome, the patients were divided into clinical cured group and uncured group. Categorical variables were compared between 2 groups using the χ2 or Fisher exact test, and continuous variables by t or Mann-Whitney U test. Multiple Logistic regression models were used for multivariate analysis. Results: Of the 105 children with SSNS, the age of onset was 3.0 (2.1, 5.0) years, and 82 (78.1%) were boys, 23(21.9%) were girls. The follow-up time was (13.1±1.4) years; 38 patients (36.2%) had frequently relapsing or steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome (FRNS or SDNS) and no death or progression to end-stage kidney disease. Eighty-eight patients (83.8%) were clinically cured. Seventeen patients (16.2%) did not reach the clinical cure criteria, and 14 patients (13.3%) had relapsed or ongoing immunosuppressive treatment within the last year of follow-up. The proportion of FRNS or SDNS (12/17 vs. 29.5% (26/88), χ2=10.39), the proportion of treatment with second-line immunosuppressive therapy (13/17 vs. 18.2% (16/88), χ2=21.39), and the level of apolipoprotein A1 at onset ((2.0±0.5) vs. (1.7±0.6) g/L, t=2.02) in the uncured group were higher than those in the clinical cured group (all P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that patients treated with immunosuppressive therapy had an increased risk of not reaching clinical cure in the long term (OR=14.63, 95%CI 4.21-50.78, P<0.001). Of the 55 clinically cured patients who had relapsed, 48 patients (87.3%) did not relapse after 12 years of age. The age at last follow-up was 16.4 (14.6, 18.9) years, and 34 patients (32.4%) were ≥18 years of age. Among the 34 patients who had reached adulthood, 5 patients (14.7%) still relapsed or ongoing immunosuppressive treatment within the last year of follow-up. At the last follow-up, among the 105 patients, 13 still had long-term complications, and 8 patients were FRNS or SDNS. The proportion of FRNS or SDNS patients with short stature, obesity, cataracts, and osteoporotic bone fracture was 10.5% (4/38), 7.9% (3/38), 5.3% (2/38), and 2.6% (1/38), respectively. Conclusions: The majority of SSNS children were clinically cured, indicating a favorable long-term prognosis. History of treatment with second-line immunosuppressive therapy was the independent risk factor for patients not reaching the clinical cure criteria in the long term. While it is not uncommon for children with SSNS to persist into adulthood. The prevention and control of long-term complications of FRNS or SDNS patients should be strengthened.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Nephrotic Syndrome/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , Hospitalization , Hospitals , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use
15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1670-1675, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010021

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical features and outcomes of infants (<1 year old) with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (IALL).@*METHODS@#The clinical manifestations, laboratory examination results, treatment and prognosis of 18 infants diagnosed with ALL at our department between January 1, 2014 and August 31, 2022 were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among the 18 cases of IALL, there were 10 males and 8 females. The median age of patients was 6.5 months old (3 months-11 months old). The median white blood cell count (WBC) was 33.63×109/L [(3.92-470)×109/L] at initial diagnosis, including 2 patients with WBC≥300×109/L. Flow cytometric immunophenotyping showed a B-lineage infant ALL in all the 18 patients. Eight of the 18 children had abnormal chromosome karyotype analysis. Fusion gene detection showed 12 KMT2A-rearrangement of 18 patients. 15 patients underwent leukemia related mutation gene screening, among which KRAS, NRAS and FLT3 were the most common mutation genes. 4 patients underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and two survived. 14 patients received chemotherapy only and ten survived. The 3-year OS rate was (65.5±11.5)%, while the EFS rate was (46.9±12.3)%.@*CONCLUSION@#B-cell ALL and KMT2A rearrangement are prevalent in IALL. The therapeutic effect of IALL with standard childhood ALL protocal is similer to international infant specific protocal.


Subject(s)
Male , Child , Infant , Female , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Prognosis , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Mutation
16.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 451-460, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939819

ABSTRACT

Although the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) epidemic is still ongoing, vaccination rates are rising slowly and related treatments and drugs are being developed. At the same time, there is increasing evidence of preexisting immunity against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in humans, mainly consisting of preexisting antibodies and immune cells (including T cells and B cells). The presence of these antibodies is mainly due to the seasonal prevalence of four common coronavirus types, especially OC43 and HKU1. The accumulated relevant evidence has suggested that the target of antibodies is mainly the S2 subunit of S protein, followed by evolutionary conservative regions such as the nucleocapsid (N) protein. Additionally, preexisting memory T and B cells are also present in the population. Preexisting antibodies can help the body protect against SARS-CoV-2 infection, reduce the severity of COVID-19, and rapidly increase the immune response post-infection. These multiple effects can directly affect disease progression and even the likelihood of death in certain individuals. Besides the positive effects, preexisting immunity may also have negative consequences, such as antibody-dependent enhancement (ADE) and original antigenic sin (OAS), the prevalence of which needs to be further established. In the future, more research should be focused on evaluating the role of preexisting immunity in COVID-19 outcomes, adopting appropriate policies and strategies for fighting the pandemic, and vaccine development that considers preexisting immunity.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19 , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , Seasons , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus
17.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1660-1664, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954810

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical features of acute post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis (APSGN) and C 3 glomerulopathy (C 3G) in children, and to improve the understanding, diagnosis and treatment of C 3G in children with atypical APSGN. Methods:The clinical data of 100 children whose were clinically diagnosed with APSGN and admitted to the Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2016 to December 2021 were collected and retrospectively analyzed.Seventy-three cases finally diagnosed with APSGN were included in the APSGN group and 27 cases with C 3G were classified into the C 3G group.The clinical manifestations, laboratory results, treatment and prognosis of the 2 groups of children were analyzed and compared by the t-test, Mann-Whitney U test and χ2 test. Results:Both APSGN and C 3G patients had a history of streptococcal infection at the early stage of the disease.There was no significant difference in the onset age and gender between the 2 groups (all P>0.05). The clinical manifestations of APSGN and C 3G at the early stage are sometimes difficult to distinguish.However, the incidence rates of gross hematuria (92.6%) and nephrotic proteinuria (66.7%) in the C 3G group were higher than those in the APSGN group (69.8%, 30.1%) ( χ2=5.583, 10.960; all P<0.05). The laboratory test results suggested that compared with the C 3G group, the APSGN group had higher albumin levels [(36.3±7.4) g/L vs.(28.9±6.8) g/L], but lower triglycerides [(1.2±0.6) mmol/L vs.(1.6±0.7) mmol/L], blood urea [(7.6±5.6) mmol/L vs.(14.7±16.3) mmol/L], blood creatinine [(66.2±45.2) μmol/L vs.(120.1±170.3) μmol/L], and urine protein levels [(43.5±58.5) g/24 h vs.(319.2±994.8) g/24 h] ( t=4.655, 2.738, 2.241, 1.624, 1.448; all P<0.05). As for treatment, the use rates of hormones and other immunosuppressants in the C 3G group were higher than those in the APSGN group (59.3% vs.12.3%, 29.6% vs.1.4%) ( χ2=23.15, 19.22; all P<0.05). The follow-up data revealed that compared with the APSGN group, the C 3G group took a longer time for gross hematuria and microscopic hematuria symptoms to disappear, proteinuria test to turn negative and complement C 3 to recover [51.1(14.3, 90.0) d vs.14.9(6.0, 15.5) d; 218.3(60.0, 277.5) d vs.65.5(27.0, 82.5) d; 127.9(60.0, 180.0) d vs.38.2(13.0, 53.6) d; 129.3(55.5, 225.0) d vs.39.1(24.0, 51.0) d] ( U=2.395, 2.730, 2.890, 3.054; all P<0.05). Conclusions:APSGN children with relatively severe clinical manifestations during the acute stage, especially with unrelieved nephrotic proteinuria, should be highly suspected with C 3G.Such patients should be treated with steroids and undergo renal biopsy and complement investigation if necessary, so as to identify the cause early, adjust the treatment and improve their prognosis.

18.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 408-413, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929628

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the influence of the number of high-risk cytogenetic abnormalities (HRCA) on the clinical characteristics and prognosis of patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM) . Methods: A total of 360 patients with newly diagnosed MM admitted to Jiangsu Province Hospital between November 2013 and September 2020 were included in this study. Cytoplasmic light chain immunofluorescence with fluorescence in situ hybridization (cIg-FISH) was used to detect HRCA. Cytogenetic abnormalities were combined with clinical characteristics and outcomes for further analysis. Results: Among the 360 patients, 120 patients (33.3%) presented with no HRCAs, and 175 (48.6%) , 61 (16.9%) , and four (1.1%) patients had one, two, and three HRCA (s) , respectively. Patients were divided into three groups, including the no-HRCA group, one-HRCA group, and ≥two-HRCA group, according to the number of HRCAs. There were significant differences in the R-ISS stage, hemoglobin level, albumin level, and the proportion of bone marrow plasma cells among the three groups (P<0.05) . The COX proportional-hazards model identified extramedullary disease (P=0.018) , HRCA ≥ 2 (P=0.001) , and absence of autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (P<0.001) as independent risk factors for progression free survival (PFS) and identified lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level ≥ 220 U/L (P<0.001) , HRCA ≥2 (P=0.001) , and absence of autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (P=0.005) as independent risk factors for overall survival (OS) . The median PFS was 28 months, 22 months, and 14 months (P=0.005) for the three cohorts, and their OS was not reached,60 months, and 30 months (P=0.001) , respectively. Conclusions: HRCA ≥ 2 is an independent risk factor for decreased survival in patients with newly diagnosed MM. More HRCAs result in heavier tumor burden, as well as a higher risk of disease progression and death.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chromosome Aberrations , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Multiple Myeloma/genetics , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation, Autologous
19.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 17-17, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929145

ABSTRACT

Dental Caries is a kind of chronic oral disease that greatly threaten human being's health. Though dentists and researchers struggled for decades to combat this oral disease, the incidence and prevalence of dental caries remain quite high. Therefore, improving the disease management is a key issue for the whole population and life cycle management of dental caries. So clinical difficulty assessment system of caries prevention and management is established based on dental caries diagnosis and classification. Dentists should perform oral examination and establish dental records at each visit. When treatment plan is made on the base of caries risk assessment and carious lesion activity, we need to work out patient‑centered and personalized treatment planning to regain oral microecological balance, to control caries progression and to restore the structure and function of the carious teeth. And the follow-up visits are made based on personalized caries management. This expert consensus mainly discusses caries risk assessment, caries treatment difficulty assessment and dental caries treatment plan, which are the most important parts of caries management in the whole life cycle.


Subject(s)
Humans , Consensus , Dental Care , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Prevalence
20.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 265-285, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929058

ABSTRACT

Acetaminophen, also known as N-acetyl-p-aminophenol (APAP), is commonly used as an antipyretic and analgesic agent. APAP overdose can induce hepatic toxicity, known as acetaminophen-induced liver injury (AILI). However, therapeutic doses of APAP can also induce AILI in patients with excessive alcohol intake or who are fasting. Hence, there is a need to understand the potential pathological mechanisms underlying AILI. In this review, we summarize three main mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of AILI: hepatocyte necrosis, sterile inflammation, and hepatocyte regeneration. The relevant factors are elucidated and discussed. For instance, N-acetyl-p-benzoquinone imine (NAPQI) protein adducts trigger mitochondrial oxidative/nitrosative stress during hepatocyte necrosis, danger-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) are released to elicit sterile inflammation, and certain growth factors contribute to liver regeneration. Finally, we describe the current potential treatment options for AILI patients and promising novel strategies available to researchers and pharmacists. This review provides a clearer understanding of AILI-related mechanisms to guide drug screening and selection for the clinical treatment of AILI patients in the future.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Acetaminophen/toxicity , Analgesics, Non-Narcotic/toxicity , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/pathology , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury, Chronic/pathology , Inflammation/metabolism , Liver/pathology , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Necrosis/pathology
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