Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 144
Filter
1.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 519-524, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981726

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the analgesic effect of Tuina by pressing and kneading the Huantiao (GB30) acupoint on rats with chronic constriction injury (CCI) and to explore the analgesic mechanism of Tuina on sciatica rats.@*METHODS@#Thirty-two SPF male SD rats weighing 180 to 220 g were randomly divided into fore groups:blank group (without any treatment), sham group (only exposed without sciatic nerve ligating), model group (sciatic nerve ligating) and Tuina group (manual intervention after lsciatic nerve ligating). The CCI model was prepared by ligating the right sciatic nerve of the rats, on the third day of modeling, the rats in the Tuina group were given pressing and kneading the Huantiao (GB30) point for 14 days, and the changes of paw withdrawal threshold(PWT), paw withdrawal latency(PWL) were measured before and on the 1st, 3rd, 7th, 10th, 14th and 17th days after modeling. The changes of sciatic functional index(SFI) were measured before and on the 1st and 17th day after modeling. The morphological changes of the sciatic nerve were observed by hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining;and the differences in NF-κB protein expression in the right dorsal horn of the spinal cord of rats were detected.@*RESULTS@#Following modeling, there was no significant difference in PWT, PWL and SFI between the blank group and the sham group (P>0.05), but the PWT, PWL and SFI of the model group and the Tuina group decreased significantly (P<0.01). After manual intervention, the pain threshold of rats in Tuina group increased. On the 8th day of manual intervention (the 10th day after modeling), PWT in Tuina group increased significantly compared with that in model group (P<0.01). On the 5th day of manual intervention (the 7th day after modeling), the PWL of the massage group was significantly higher than that of the model group (P<0.01). The pain threshold of rats in Tuina group continued to rise with the continuous manipulation intervention. After 14 days of manipulative intervention, the sciatic nerve function index of rats in the Tuina group increased significantly(P<0.01). Compared with the blank group and sham group, the myelinated nerve fibers of sciatic nerve in the model group were disordered and the density of axons and myelin sheath was uneven. Compared with the model group, the nerve fibers of rats in the Tuina group were gradually continuous and the axons and myelin sheath were more uniform than those in the model group. Compared with the blank group and sham group, the expression of NF-κB protein in the right spinal dorsal horn of the model group was significantly increased(P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the expression of NF-κB protein in the right spinal dorsal horn of rats in Tuina group decreased significantly(P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Pressing and kneading the Huantiao (GB30) point restores nerve fiber alignment;and improves the PWT、PWL and SFI in the CCI model by decreasing NF-κB p65 protein expression in the spinal dorsal horn. There fore, Tuina demmstrates an analgesic effect and improves the gait of rats with sciatica.


Subject(s)
Rats , Male , Animals , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sciatica/therapy , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Acupuncture Points , Spinal Cord Dorsal Horn/metabolism , Spinal Cord , Massage
2.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 722-730, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984710

ABSTRACT

Objective: To reveal the similarities and differences in myocardial metabolic characteristics between heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) and heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) mice using metabolomics. Methods: The experimental mice were divided into 4 groups, including control, HFpEF, sham and HFrEF groups (10 mice in each group). High fat diet and Nω-nitroarginine methyl ester hydrochloride (L-NAME) were applied to construct a"two-hit"HFpEF mouse model. Transverse aortic constriction (TAC) surgery was used to construct the HFrEF mouse model. The differential expression of metabolites in the myocardium of HFpEF and HFrEF mice was detected by untargeted metabolomics (UHPLC-QE-MS). Variable importance in projection>1 and P<0.05 were used as criteria to screen and classify the differentially expressed metabolites between the mice models. KEGG functional enrichment and pathway impact analysis demonstrated significantly altered metabolic pathways in both HFpEF and HFrEF mice. Results: One hundred and nine differentially expressed metabolites were detected in HFpEF mice, and 270 differentially expressed metabolites were detected in HFrEF mice. Compared with the control group, the most significantly changed metabolite in HFpEF mice was glycerophospholipids, while HFrEF mice presented with the largest proportion of carboxylic acids and their derivatives. KEGG enrichment and pathway impact analysis showed that the differentially expressed metabolites in HFpEF mice were mainly enriched in pathways such as biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids, ether lipid metabolism, amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism, glycerophospholipid metabolism, arachidonic acid metabolism and arginine and proline metabolism. The differentially expressed metabolites in HFrEF mice were mainly enriched in arginine and proline metabolism, glycine, serine and threonine metabolism, pantothenate and CoA biosynthesis, glycerophospholipid metabolism, nicotinate and nicotinamide metabolism and arachidonic acid metabolism, etc. Conclusions: HFpEF mice have a significantly different myocardial metabolite expression profile compared with HFrEF mice. In addition, biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids, arachidonic acid metabolism, glycerophospholipid metabolism and arginine and proline metabolism are significantly altered in both HFpEF and HFrEF mice, suggesting that these metabolic pathways may play an important role in disease progression in both types of heart failure.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Heart Failure/metabolism , Stroke Volume , Chromatography, Liquid , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Metabolomics , Arachidonic Acids , Proline
3.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 293-299, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936315

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the role of miRNAs in amniotic fluid exosomes in growth and development of fetuses with Down syndrome (DS).@*METHODS@#Amniotic fluid were collected from 20 fetuses with DS and 20 normal fetuses (control) to extract amniotic exosome miRNA. MicroRNA sequencing technique was used to identify the differentially expressed miRNAs between the two groups, for which gene ontology (GO) and pathway analysis was performed. Three differentially expressed miRNAs with the strongest correlation with DS phenotype were selected for qPCR verification. Dual luciferase reporter assay was used to verify the activity of let-7d-5p for targeted regulation of BACH1.@*RESULTS@#We identified 15 differentially expressed miRNAs in DS as compared with the control group, among which 7 miRNAs were up-regulated and 8 were down-regulated. Target gene prediction results showed that the differentially expressed miRNAs targeted 17 DS-related genes. GO analysis revealed that the main functions of the target genes involved protein binding, protein transport, ATP binding, transferase activity and synapses. Pathway analysis revealed that the functional pathways were closely related with the development of the nervous system. qPCR results showed that the expression levels of miR-140-3p and let-7d-5p were significantly lower in DS group than in the control group (P < 0.05), as was consistent with miRNA sequencing results; the expression level of miR-4512 was significantly higher in DS group than in control group (P < 0.05), which was contrary to miRNA sequencing results. The results of double luciferase reporter gene assay confirmed that let-7d-5p was capable of targeted regulation of BACH1 expression.@*CONCLUSION@#Let-7d-5p in amniotic fluid exosomes may promote oxidative stress events in the brain of fetuses with DS by regulating BACH1 expression.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Amniotic Fluid/metabolism , Down Syndrome/genetics , Exosomes , MicroRNAs/metabolism
4.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1230-1235, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957116

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the diagnostic value of the fat deposition between the base of spinous process and dura mater in the mid-sagittal T1WI image of lumbar spine MRI for occult pars interarticularis defect, and to discuss the its mechanism.Methods:From January 2015 to December 2019, 32 cases with low back and leg pain were confirmed by MR scanning that the fat deposition between the dura mater and the base of spinous process with or without fat deposition in the rest of the spinal canal, including 20 males and 12 females were included. The age was 28.5±6.2 years (range, 18-57 years). Spiral CT scanning and multiplanar reconstruction were used to judge the integrity of the isthmus, levels of defect, and unilateral or bilateral defect. The observation of the above imaging data were independently completed by two orthopaedic doctors.Results:In 32 patients with epidural fat deposition, there were 24 patients with occult isthmus and 8 patients with simple epidural lipomatosis, confirmed by spiral CT multiplanar reconstruction. In 24 cases of isthmus, there were 18 males and 6 females. The age was 27.3±5.3 years (range, 18-45 years). There were 2 cases between the base of L 4 spinous process and dura mater, and 22 cases between the base of L 5 spinous process and dura mater, without fat deposition in the rest of the spinal canal. All 24 cases were bilateral isthmus, and the anterior and lateral X-ray could not be diagnosed. All patients complained of different degrees of mechanical low back pain. 6 cases with disc herniation, and no case with intermittent claudication. In 8 patients with simple epidural lipomatosis, there were 2 males and 6 females. The age ranged from 32 to 55 years, with an average of 38.4±6.7 years. There were 4 cases between the base of L 3 spinous process and dura mater, 3 cases between the base of L 4 spinous process and dura mater, and 1 case between the base of L 5 spinous process and dura mater. All 8 patients had fat deposition between the lamina and dura mater in the upper and/or the same level, and the dura mater was compressed by the fat. 8 patients complained of different degrees of low back pain without tenderness. 2 cases with disc herniation, and one case with intermittent claudication. Conclusion:The fat deposition sign between the base of spinous process and dura mater has certain specificity for occult lumbar spondylolysis. As an effective supplement to the discontinuous bone signal of spondylolysis, it is helpful to the early diagnosis of spondylolysis.

5.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1436-1440, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955684

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the satisfaction of clinical medicine master of professional degree with curriculum training, practice training, scientific research training, tutorial training and management services, and to find out the problems and put forward countermeasures.Methods:A questionnaire was surveyed on the satisfaction of 1 585 clinical masters of professional degree from a medical university in Guangxi. SPSS 20.0 was used for statistical analysis of related data. The quantitative data were uniformly described by means and standard deviation, and variance analysis was used for comparison between groups.Results:The students were most satisfied with the tutorial training, with an average score of 4 points; they were generally satisfied with the curriculum training and management services, and it showed a growing polarization in practice training and scientific research training; in terms of allowances, participation degree of scientific research, and intensity of scientific research work, the students were not satisfied.Conclusion:For the training of clinical medicine masters of professional degree, subsidies and allowances should be increased and the ability of school management services should be enhanced; the scientific research training platform should be developed and the participation in scientific research should be promoted; the training standards should be coordinately formulated and the intensity of scientific research should be moderately strengthened.

6.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 132-135, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928282

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation between the changes of cervical curvature and atlantoaxial instability.@*METHODS@#The correlation between the changes of cervical curvature and atlantoaxial instability was retrospectively studied in 50 outpatients with abnormal cervical curvature (abnormal cervical curvature group) from January 2018 to December 2019. There were 24 males and 26 females in abnormal cervical curvature group, aged from 18 to 42 years old with an average of(30.62±5.83) years. And 53 patients with normal cervical curvature (normal cervical curvature group) during the same period were matched, including 23 males and 30 females, aged from 21 to 44 years with an average of(31.98±6.11) years. Cervical spine X-ray films of 103 patients were taken in lateral position and open mouth position. Cervical curvature and variance of bilateral lateral atlanto-dental space(VBLADS) were measured and recorded, Pearson correlation coefficient analysis was used to study the correlation between the changes of cervical curvature and atlantoaxial instability.@*RESULTS@#Atlantoaxial joint instability accounted for 39.6%(21/53) in normal cervical curvature group and 84.0%(42/50) in abnormal cervical curvature group. There was significant difference between two groups(P<0.01). VBLADS in abnormal cervical curvature group was (1.79±1.01) mm, which was significantly higher than that in normal cervical curvature group(0.55±0.75) mm(P<0.01). Pearson correlation coefficient analysis showed that the size of cervical curvature was negatively correlated with VBLADS.@*CONCLUSION@#Cervical curvature straightening and inverse arch are the cause of atlantoaxial instability, the smaller the cervical curvature, the more serious the atlantoaxial instability.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Atlanto-Axial Joint/diagnostic imaging , Cervical Vertebrae/diagnostic imaging , Joint Instability/diagnostic imaging , Kyphosis , Radiography , Retrospective Studies
7.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 75-78, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942389

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the features of degenerating cystic thyroid nodules (DCTN) on conventional ultrasound and contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS), and to explore the differentiation between DCTN and papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTC). Methods: A total of 46 DCTN (39 cases, including 12 males and 27 females, with an age range of 25 to 76 years) and 36 PTC (32 cases, including 8 males and 24 females, with an age range of 23 to 68 years) diagnosed via fine- needle aspiration (FNA) or surgery from February 2019 to January 2020 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University were enrolled. The size, shape, margin, echogenicity, presence of shadowing, calcification and vascularity of DCTN and PTC were retrospectively evaluated, and 28 DCTN and 30 PTC underwent CEUS were separately analyzed and compared.The t test, χ² test or Fisher's exact test were implemented to compare the features of ultrasound among the two groups. The binary Logistic regression test was performed to determine whether the feature whose difference was statistically significant was an independent predictive risk factor. Results: A univariate analysis indicated that DCTN more frequently showed wider-than-tall shapes, marked hypoechogenicity, well-defined margin and no or dot-lined enhancement (wider-than-tall shapes: 36 vs. 17, χ2=8.511; well-defined margin: 30 vs. 15, χ2=4.523; marked hypoechogenicity: 27 vs. 9, χ2=9.310; no or dot-lined enhancement: 24 vs. 3, χ2=33.369; all P<0.05). A multivariate analysis demonstrated that wider-than-tall shapes, well-defined margin and marked hypoechogenicity were independent predictors for DCTN (OR values were 5.204, 3.134 and 5.042, P values were 0.003, 0.031, and 0.003, respectively). Among 28 DCTN, 15 showed a decrease in mean maximum diameter (24.3±11.4 mm) with a mean time span of (18.6±10.5) months between the presence and absence of suspicious ultrasound features. Conclusions: Compared with PTC, DCTN shows the ultrasound characteristics of wider-than-tall shapes, well-defined margin, marked hypoechogenicity and no or dot-lined enhancement pattern. Ultrasound follow-up can help to identify spontaneous DCTN.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Papillary/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/diagnostic imaging , Thyroid Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Thyroid Nodule/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography
8.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1467-1475, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910737

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical efficacy of posterior short-segment internal fixation for the treatment of brucella spondylitis (BS).Methods:The medical records of 34 patients with BS admitted from January 2014 to June 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 22 males and 12 females; the age was 52.3±10.6 years (range 35-72 years). On the basis of standardized use of antibacterial drugs, the lumbar spine posterior short-segment internal fixation was used. Twenty-nine cases underwent simple internal fixation, and posterolateral bone graft fusion, while 5 cases underwent primary debridement, autologous bone grafting and interbody fusion. Monitor erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), and test tube agglutination test (SAT) were used to assess inflammation control. Imaging examinations of patients before operation, 1 month after operation, 3 months after operation, 6 months after operation, 1 year after operation to the last follow-up were analyzed to evaluate the condition of intervertebral fusion. The clinical efficacy evaluation was based on the pain visual analog scale (VAS), Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score, modified MacNab grading, and American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) grading, as well as surgery-related complications.Results:The operation time of 34 patients was 104.64±16.72 min (range 65-145 min), the average hospital stay was 16.49±7.41 days (range 7-38 d), and the average postoperative follow-up time was 20.2 months (range 12-34 months). At the last follow-up, the ESR and CRP fell to the normal range, and the SAT was negative. At 3 months postoperatively, 11 cases (32.35%) reached Bridwell fusion criteria of grade II, 23 cases (67.65%) of grade III; 3 cases (8.82%) of grade I fusion at 6 months after surgery, 31 cases reached grade II fusion (91.18%); all reached grade I fusion at the last follow-up. After the operation, the symptoms of the waist or lower extremities were significantly relieved. The VAS score was 6.3±1.4 before the operation, 4.1±1.2 at 1 month after the operation, 2.7±1.4 at 3 months after the operation, 1.6±1.0 at 6 months after the operation, and 1.2±0.8 at the last follow-up. The JOA score before surgery was 13.8±2.4, 1 month after surgery 17.6±2.6, 3 months after surgery 21.7±3.1, 6 months after operation 4.9±2.7, and at the last follow-up 25.7±1.8. Compared with the preoperative time nodes of the above indicators, the differences were statistically significant. At the last follow-up, of the 12 patients (2 cases of grade C, 10 cases of grade D) with preoperative neurological dysfunction, 2 cases recovered from grade C to grade D, and 10 cases recovered from grade D to E; the excellent and good rate of modified MacNab grading reached 97.06% (33/34). No extradural hematoma, nerve damage, cerebrospinal fluid leakage and other surgical complications occurred. Only 1 case had wound infection complication, and the prognosis was good after active treatment. There were no recurrences during the follow-up period.Conclusion:On the basis of standardized antimicrobial treatment, posterior lumbar short-segment internal fixation is a safe and effective method for the treatment of BS, and good clinical effects can be obtained.

9.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 800-807, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910661

ABSTRACT

Intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) refers to the biomechanical and structural changes of intervertebral disc tissues due to the effects of a variety of factors. Theses physical or chemical factors lead to the rupture of the annulus fibrous, protrusion of the nucleus pulposus tissue, compression of the spinal cord and nerve roots and causing the patient's back and leg pain ultimately. Degeneration of intervertebral disc is a common condition in clinical practice, which affects working ability and daily living quality of patients seriously. Due to the change of living habits, the population with IDD tend to be younger recently. The etiology, pathogenesis and diagnosis and interventions of IDD have always been hot topics in spinal surgery. Thus, animal models of IDD close to the human body has a of great clinical significance for exploring the etiology, pathological mechanism and non-surgical treatment of IDD. At present, the establishment of IDD model mainly includes two following aspects, in vitro model and in vivo model. There are two main in vitro models, cell culture and tissue or organ culture. There are seven kinds of in vivo models, which can be divided into two categories, namely spontaneous and induced model. Among them, the spontaneous degeneration model is also regarded as age-related degeneration, while the induced model refers to the construction of the animal model of IDD by injuring the structure of the intervertebral disc, changing the biomechanical structure of the vertebral body, development spinal instability caused by surgery or constructing nerve root compression and gene knockout. Although there are many methods of animal modeling and literature reports, each method has its own advantages and disadvantages. The advantages and disadvantages should be weighed when choosing the animal models.

10.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 67-74, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906145

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the protective effect and molecular mechanism of Angelicae Sinensis Radix-Chuanxiong Rhizoma medicated serum (ASRCRS) against oxidative damage of PC12 cells induced by H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub>. Method:Oxidative damage of PC12 cells was induced by H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub><italic> in vitro</italic>, and intervention was performed in the low-, medium-, and high-dose ASRCRS groups with a final volume fraction of 15%. The cell viability was determined by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay. Cell morphology was observed by an inverted fluorescence microscope. The content of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and malondialdehyde (MDA), the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), and the distribution of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the cell supernatant were detected by the kits. Cell apoptosis was detected by Annexin V-FITC/PI double staining. The protein expression levels of nuclear factor E<sub>2</sub>-related factor 2 (Nrf2), Kelch-like epichlorohydrin associated protein-1 (Keap1), heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), and SOD1 were detected by Western blot. Result:Oxidative damage was induced by 300 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup> H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub> for 24 hours. Compared with the normal group, the model group showed abnormal cell morphology, reduced cell viability (<italic>P</italic><0.01), increased LDH and MDA (<italic>P</italic><0.01), blunted SOD activity, elevated intracellular distribution of ROS, down-regulated protein expression of Nrf2, HO-1, and SOD1 (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.05), and up-regulated protein expression of Keap1 (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, ASRCRS groups displayed improved cell morphology, increased cell viability, inhibited cell apoptosis, potentiated SOD activity (<italic>P</italic><0.01), suppressed release of LDH (<italic>P</italic><0.01) and generation of ROS, decreased content of MDA (<italic>P</italic><0.01), up-regulated protein expression of Nrf2, HO-1 and SOD1 (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), and down-regulated protein expression of Keap1 (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:ASRCRS could protect PC12 cells from oxidative damage induced by H<sub>2</sub>O<sub>2</sub> by up-regulating the expression of Nrf2 to activate the Nrf2/antioxidant response element (ARE) signaling pathway, enhancing the ability to resist oxidative damage, and inhibiting cell apoptosis.

11.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 442-449, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884732

ABSTRACT

Low back pain is becoming an important factor affecting people's quality of life, while the age of its onset is getting younger and younger, and the social and economic losses caused by low back pain are huge every year. Intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) is an important cause of low back pain. Due to multiple factors, biomechanical and structural changes occur in intervertebral disc tissue, including rupture of annulus fibrosus, protrusion of nucleus pulposus, which cause compression of spinal cord and nerve root, and lower back pain. Micro-RNA (miRNA) is a kind of single-stranded non-coding small molecule RNA, with 18-24 nucleotides in length, which exists widely in eukaryotes. As one of the important regulatory molecules of gene expression, it has been proved to play a key role in the initiation and progression of many diseases, and it may also play an important role in intervertebral disc degeneration. At present, the clinical treatment for IDD is mainly surgical treatment to alleviate clinical symptoms. Even if surgical treatment can achieve good results, it will bring great physical trauma and economic burden to patients. The role of miRNA in IDD is one of the hotspots in the current academic research. Studies have shown that miRNA has abnormal expression patterns in degenerative intervertebral disc tissues and participates in a variety of pathological processes of IDD. At present, some miRNAs have been proved to be related to a variety of pathological processes in IDD, including nucleus pulposus cell apoptosis and proliferation, extracellular matrix degradation, autophagy, inflammation and cartilage endplate degeneration. The comparative study of gene chip showed that there were significant differences in the expression of some miRNAs between degenerative and normal nucleus pulposus cells. These differentially expressed miRNAs may be involved in the process of nucleus pulposus cell degeneration by regulating their respective upstream or downstream pathways. Most of the regulatory pathways are crossed and parallel, thus constructing a huge miRNA regulatory network. Understanding the target genes and mechanisms of miRNA in the pathogenic process can provide an important reference for the origin, development and prognosis of IDD. In this article, the important role of miRNA in IDD and the potential significance of clinical treatment are reviewed. With the in-depth study of miRNA and the molecular biological mechanism can provide new ideas for the diagnosis and treatment of IDD, which is likely to become a new strategy for biological treatment of IDD.

12.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 328-338, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015970

ABSTRACT

Long non-coding RNA SLC25A25-AS1 has a tumor inhibition effect in the development of colorectal cancer. However‚ the mechanism of SLC25A25-AS1 in cervical cancer needs further study. We studied the abnormal expression of SLC25A25-AS1 in the serum of the patients with cervical cancer and the patients with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and explored the mechanism of SLC25A25-AS1 in the development of cervical cancer. The expression levels of SLC25A25-AS1 in the serum of normal controls‚ patients with cervical cancer‚ and patients with CIN were detected by RT-qPCR. The important role of SLC25A25-AS1 in HeLa cells was analyzed in vitro and in vivo experiments. Compared with the normal group‚ the expression level of serum SLC25A25-AS1 was decreased in patients with cervical cancer. In vitro‚ overexpression of SLC25A25-AS1 inhibited cell proliferation‚ migration‚ and invasion of HeLa cells. Tumor formation in nude mice assay showed that the subcutaneous tumor weight and volume of nude mice injected with SLC25A25-AS1-overexpressed HeLa cells were significantly smaller than that of nude mice injected with control cells (P<0. 05). SLC25A25-AS1 may play an important role in the development of cervical cancer and may serve as a new therapeutic target for cervical cancer.

13.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 306-311, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828301

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study and analyze the clinical effect of the self-developed new adjustable weight-bearing rehabilitation brace in the rehabilitation of the femoral intertrochanteric fracture after the operation of PFNA.@*METHODS@#From July 2015 to June 2017, 62 patients with typeⅡ (Evans-Jensen classification) intertrochanteric fracture of femur were treated with PFNA internal fixation. There were 11 males and 19 females in the routine rehabilitation group, with an average age of (70.73± 6.09) years;17 males and 15 females in the brace rehabilitation group, with an average age of (71.25±6.60) years. Among them, the patients in the routine rehabilitation group recovered according to the routine method, and the patients in the support rehabilitation group used the self-developed new adjustable weight-bearing rehabilitation support of lower limbs to assist the early rehabilitation. The pain intensity(VAS score), weight-bearing of affected limb, clinical healing time of fracture, Harris score and complications were recorded and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Nine patients lost their visit half a year later, the other 53 patients were followed up for 9 to 18 months. The VAS score at 1, 3, 6 months after operation of brace rehabilitation group was lower than that of routine rehabilitation group(<0.05). The weight bearing of the limbs in the rehabilitation group was significantly higher than that in the conventional rehabilitation group(<0.05), but the clinical healing time of fracture in the brace rehabilitation group was shorter than that in the routine rehabilitation group(<0.05). In addition, the Harris score of the postoperativebrace rehabilitation group was better than that of the conventional rehabilitation group(<0.05). The incidence of complications was lower than that of the conventional rehabilitation group(=0.048).@*CONCLUSION@#In the rehabilitation of Evans Jensen typeⅡintertrochanteric fracture after PFNA internal fixation, the new self-developed adjustable weight-bearing rehabilitation brace can significantly relieve postoperative pain, regulate and moderately increase the stress stimulation at the fracture end, so as to promote fracture healing, accelerate the recovery of hip joint function, reduce the incidence of complications, and its clinical effect is safe and reliable.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bone Nails , Braces , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Hip Fractures , Lower Extremity , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Weight-Bearing
14.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 734-742, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869016

ABSTRACT

Objective:Resorption can occur after lumbar disc herniation, and Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) is considered to be a key factor mediating reabsorption. Studies have found that under the action of inflammatory factors like TNF-α, IL-6, etc,the expression of TSLP in intervertebral disc tissue was increased, and then mononuclear macrophage chemokine-1 (MCP-1) was induced to induce infiltration of macrophage to promote reabsorption. To determine the mechanism, we design the experiment to explore the mechanism of IL-6-mediated JAK/STAT pathway and TGF-β/Smad pathway to promote the reabsorption of intervertebral disc by regulating the expression of TSLP.Methods:Rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) and rat nucleus pulposus cells (NPC) were cultured in vitro, treating the cells withrat IL-6 recombinant protein, STAT3inhibitor and Smad2/3 inhibitorrespectively, and use real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) technology to detect the expression of JAK1, STAT3, Smad2, TSLP mRNA under different conditions; Western blot to detect the expression of TSLP, Smad2 and phosphate STAT3 protein; using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (Elisa) to detect the expression of TGF-β in two rat cells under the treatment of IL-6.Results:After stimulation ofIL-6 (10 ng/ml or 100 ng/ml) the expression of JAK1in MSC (10 ng/ml: 5.13±1.21; 100 ng/ml: 5.23±0.35; control group: 0.97±0.03), STAT3 (10 ng/ml: 6.50±0.38; 100 ng/ml: 6.74±0.61; control group: 0.87±0.19) was significantly increased, and TSLP also showed high expression in MSC (10 ng/ml: 4.26±0.38; 100 ng/ml: 5.05±0.46; control group: 1.04±0.04).The expression of STAT3 (10 ng/ml: 2.91±0.08; control group: 1.12±0.11), TSLP (10 ng/ml: 7.32±0.37; control group: 1.03±0.03) in NPC also increased. After stimulation of IL-6, the expression of Smad2 increasing in MSC was observed (10 ng/ml: 15.92±0.62; 100 ng/ml: 20.28±0.58; control group: 0.96±0.08), and increased expression of Smad2 in NPC (10 ng/ml: 5.01±0.17; control group: 0.96±0.03). The expression of TSLP in MSC decreased after adding STAT3 inhibitor (BP group, BP group: 0.17±0.01; control group: 0.90±0.09), the expression of TSLP also decreased in NPC (BP group: 0.42±0.11; control group: 0.90±0.11). After adding Smad2/3 inhibitor (SB group), the expression of TSLP in MSC decreased (SB group: 0.33±0.01; control group: 1.02±0.02), and the expression of TSLP in NPC also decreased (SB group: 0.40±0.04; control group: 0.99±0.01).Conclusion:IL-6 up-regulates TSLP expression via the JAK1/STAT3 signaling pathway and promotes prominent intervertebral disc reabsorption. At the same time, IL-6 can activate the TGF-β/Smad2/3 pathway and up-regulate the expression of TSLP, which play a synergistic role in the reabsorption process.

15.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 597-606, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869004

ABSTRACT

Low back pain is becoming an important factor that affects people's quality of life today, and the social losses caused by lowback pain are hugeevery year. Lumbar disc herniation (LDH) is one of the main diseases that cause low back pain. The mechanism of lumbar disc herniation in the biomedical science is still controversial. Inflammatory factor is a cytokine secreted by tissue cells and involved in mediating the inflammatory response. Studies have shown that some factors stimulated by the extrusive nucleus pulposus, like inflammatory factors, degeneration-related genes and downstream expression products, can cause the degeneration of intervertebral disc. IL-1, IL-6, TNF-α, MMPs, and TGF-β have become the hot topicin disc degeneration. Signaling pathway is the main pathway for inflammatory factors to participate in the regulation of various biochemical reactions in cells. The inflammatory factors interact with different proteins to activate or inhibit different pathways, thereby achieving regulation of the cell cycle, regulates gene expression, induces immune inflammatory response, and apoptosis. Research on the role of various inflammatory factors in the body and related molecular signaling pathways will help us understand the mechanism of LDH. Most of the experimental studies only focus on the influence of a certain cytokine or single pathway on intervertebral disc degeneration, but different inflammatory factors and their signaling pathways often crosstalk with each other through special channels, forming a complex and precise signal transduction regulation network jointly regulates various physiological or pathological processes in the body, and the occurrence of disease is often accompanied by multiple factors. Studying the effect of a single signal network on the disease cannot fully explain the cause of the disease and related clinical manifestations. Therefore, clarifying the role of various inflammatory factors in IDD and exploring and analyzing the ways in which each factor regulates each other will provide ideas for understanding the mechanism of lumbar degeneration and exploring new methods for preventing and treating LDH in the future.

16.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 310-314, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905781

ABSTRACT

Stroke would result in upper-limb dysfunction. Robot-assisted upper limb rehabilitation is applied in the rehabilitation training after stroke, mainly for intensive and repetitive specific task-oriented training to improve muscle strength and promote the isolated movement of upper limbs for the hemiplegics. However, it can do less for spasm and activities of daily living. It may be more effective combining with other therapies. Although the robots have the advantages of no fatigue, quantification, individualization and objective evaluation, there are also some disadvantages, such as incomplete training, inability to correct compensatory action and lack of empathy, etc. There is still a lack of high quality clinical research of large samples about robot-assisted upper limb rehabilitation, and frequency and time of the treatment is unclear.

17.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 1446-1452, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905335

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the efficacy of compound wrist-hand orthosis-assisted training on wrist-hand dysfunction in patients with convalescent stroke. Methods:From June, 2018 to December, 2019, 34 stroke patients in our hospital were randomly divided into control group (n = 17) and experimental group (n = 17). Both groups received basic treatment and routine occupational therapy, while the experimental group wore a compound wrist-hand orthosis during and after the daily occupational therapy. The occupational therapy was carried out 30 minutes a time, twice a day for 14 days, and the non-training time orthosis wearing was carried out cumulative five hours a day for 14 days. Before and after treatment, the Brunnstrom stage (upper limb and hand) and Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA) (wrist and hand) were used to assess the motor function of the upper limbs and hands, while the modified Ashworth Scale (MAS) and modified Barthel Index (MBI) were separately used to assess the wrist tension and activities of daily living. Results:Two cases dropped out in the control group. There was no significant difference in Brunnstrom stage, FMA score, MAS score, and MBI score between two groups before treatment (P > 0.05). After treatment, the scores of FMA and MBI significantly improved in both groups (|Z| > 3.420, P < 0.01), and the improvement was higher in the experimental group than in the control group (Z = -2.895, t = 4.331, P < 0.01); while, no significant difference was found in Brunnstrom stages and MAS score in both groups (P > 0.05). Conclusion:The compound wrist-hand orthosis-assisted therapy could improve the wrist-hand motor function and activities of daily living in patients with convalescent stroke.

18.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 355-360, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825224

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the biological properties of Schistosoma japonicum SjGrpE protein, and to express and purify the recombinant SjGrpE protein and test its immunogenicity. Methods The amino acid composition, molecular weight, hydrophilicity and hydrophobicity, transmembrane region, signal peptide, localization, phosphorylation site, ubiquitination site, glycosylation site, secondary and tertiary structures and B cell epitopes of the SjGrpE protein were predicted using bioinformatics analyses. The SjGrpE gene was amplified using PCR assay using S. japonicum cDNA as a template, double enzyme-digested and linked to the pET28a vector to yield the recombinant plasmid pET28a-SjGrpE. The recombinant plasmid pET28a-SjGrpE was transformed into Escherichia coli BL21, and then IPTG was employed to induce the expression of the target protein, which was purified by nickel ion affinity chromatography. After mice were immunized with the recombinant SjGrpE protein, mouse sera were collected, and the polyclonal antibody against the SjGrpE protein was characterized. Results SjGrpE protein, which was identified as a hydrophilic protein, was predicted to have a molecular weight of approximately 24.3 kDa without transmembrane regions or signal peptides, and locate in the mitochondrion. SjGrpE protein contained 18 phosphorylation sites and 2 ubiquitination sites, but had no glycosylation sites. In addition, SjGrpE protein contained 5 B-cell epitopes. The full length of SjGrpE gene was approximately 660 bp. The recombinant pET28a-SjGrpE plasmid was successfully generated, and the recombinant SjGrpE protein was obtained following the affinity chromatography, which stimulated mice to secrete high-titer antibodies. Conclusions The recombinant SjGrpE protein has been successfully prepared and this recombinant protein has a high immunogenicity, which provides a basis for evaluating its value as a vaccine candidate for S. japonicum infections.

19.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 1280-1282, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879486

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out genetic diagnosis for a fetus.@*METHODS@#Chromosome G-banding and chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) were carried out for a fetus with abnormal morphology of lateral cerebral fissure.@*RESULTS@#The karyotype of the fetus was normal, but CMA showed that it has carried a 1.4 Mb deletion at 17p13.3 region, which suggested a diagnosis of Miller-Dieker syndrome (MDS).@*CONCLUSION@#Familiarity with clinical features and proper selection of genetic testing method are crucial for the diagnosis of MDS. Attention should be paid to microdeletions and microduplications which can be missed by conventional chromosomal karyotyping.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Chromosome Banding , Chromosome Deletion , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17 , Classical Lissencephalies and Subcortical Band Heterotopias/genetics , Fetus , Karyotyping , Prenatal Diagnosis
20.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 346-353, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745406

ABSTRACT

Objective The aim of current study is to determine the effect and mechanism of thymic stromal lymphopoietin on apoptosis of mouse nucleus pulposus cells by investigating the apoptotic activity and variation of intracellular phosphorylated protein kinase B (p-Akt),X-linkedinhibitor of apoptosis protein (XIAP),cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase-3 (caspase-3),with the treatment of thymic stromal lymphopoietin.Methods Mouse lumbar nucleus pulposus cells were cultured and identified under a fluorescence microscope.Second or third passage cells maintained in monolayers were used for the following experiments.The groups were divided randomly into normal group,TNF-α treated group,TSLP treated group,TSLP+LY94002 treated group and TSLP+Embelin treated group.As a control,normal group was treated with PBS.TNF-α treated group was treated with 500 ng/ml TNF-αt as a positive control.TSLP treated group was treated with 10 ng/ml rhTSLP.TSLP+LY94002 treated group and TSLP+ Embelin treated group were treated with 10 ng/ml TSLP with the pretreatment of different pathway inhibitors for 30 ain in different corresponding experiments,for which 10 μ mol LY294002 or 50 LY294002 responding experimentsreatment of different pathway inhibitors formouse nucleus pulposus cells was detected by FACS.The expression levels of the intracellular p-Akt,XIAP,caspase-3 were investigated by Western blot analysis.Results As the culture cell type Ⅱ collagen staining was positive observed by fluorescence microscopy,we confirmed that the cuhured cells were nucleus pulposus cells.In comparison with negative control,the levels of p-Akt,XIAP in TSLP treated group were elevated (t=9.510,P=0.001;t=8.851,P=0.001).Thecaspase-3 activity were slightly enhanced and the rate of cells apoptosis was no significance.Compared with TSLP treated group,downregulated level of pAkt and XIAPand upregulatedcaspase-3 activity in TSLP+LY294002 treated group were observed (t=8.798,P=0.001;t=7.032,P=0.002;t=5.908,P=0.004).Upregulated caspase-3 activity were also observed in TSLP+ Embelin treated group (t=7.990,P=0.001).Furthermore,significant increased apoptotic cell rate was observed in TSLP+LY294002 or TSLP+Embelin treated groups (t=21.268,P=0.001;t=21.279,P=0.001).Conclusion TSLP may have a potential anti-apoptotic effect on mouse NP cells via upregulating XIAP in PI3K/Akt signaling pathway to restrain the activation of caspase-3.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL