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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928099

ABSTRACT

By the in-depth excavation of prescriptions containing herbal pair Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma-Polygalae Radix in the Dictionary of Traditional Chinese Medicine Prescriptions, this study analyzed their formulation rules, so as to provide reference for their clinical application and new drug development. First, the prescriptions containing Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma-Polygalae Radix were collected from the Dictionary of Traditional Chinese Medicine Prescriptions, and their indications, herbal compatibility, and dosage forms were analyzed statistically using the Traditional Chinese Medicine Inheritance Support System(TCMISS). Meanwhile, the formulation rules and common dosage forms for the top four indications(amnesia, palpitation, mania, and epilepsy) sorted by frequency were analyzed with Apriori algorithm. A total of 507 prescriptions containing Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma-Polygalae Radix were screened out, involving 15 indications(frequency>10) like amnesia, palpitation, mania, and epilepsy. There were 30 commonly used Chinese herbs(frequency≥60), with the Qi-tonifying herbs(Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma and Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizome), mind-tranquilizing herbs(Poria and Poria cum Radix Pini), and Yin-nourishing herbs(Angelicae Sinensis Radix and Ophiopogonis Radix) being the core ones. The commonly used dosage forms were honey pill, paste pill, decoction, and powder. These have indicated that the herbal pair Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma-Polygalae Radix is often combined with Qi-tonifying, Yin-nourishing, and mind-tranquilizing herbs for the treatment of "heart or brain diseases" caused by phlegm production due to spleen deficiency, Qi and blood deficiency, and phlegm-turbidity blocking orifice. In the treatment of amnesia, supplementing essence and replenishing marrow are considered on the basis of tonifying Qi, nourishing Yin, and tranquilizing mind. In the treatment of palpitation and mania, tranquilizing mind is emphasized. In the treatment of epilepsy, the emphasis is placed on resolving phlegm, extinguishing wind, and stopping convulsion.


Subject(s)
Data Mining , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Roots , Prescriptions , Rhizome
2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3005-3019, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921402

ABSTRACT

Formins are widely distributed in eukaryotes such as fungi, plants and animals. They play crucial roles in regulating the polymerization of actin, coordinating the synergistic interactions between actin and microtubules, and determining cell growth and morphology. Unlike formins from fungi and animals, plant formins have been evolved into two plant-specific types. Generally, type Ⅱ formins are believed to regulate the polarized growth of cells, and type Ⅰ formins may regulate the cell expansion and division processes. Recent studies on the function of plant formins suggest it is inappropriate to classify the function of formins purely based on their structures. This review summarizes the domain organization of formins and their corresponding functions, as well as the underpinning mechanisms. Furthermore, the unsolved or unexplored issues along with future perspectives on plant formins are proposed and discussed.


Subject(s)
Actins , Formins , Microfilament Proteins , Plant Cells , Plant Development , Plants
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880633

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the correlation between cytosine-phosphoric-guanylic (CpG) site of Septin 9 gene and colorectal cancer, and to develop a real-time PCR detection system in plasma in patients with colorectal cancer.@*METHODS@#The methylation of training samples was detected by high-throughput sequencing technology, and the sites highly consistent with the clinical information of colorectal cancer were identified. Then the detection system of real-time PCR was designed to analyze the consistency of plasma and tissue based on methylationa sensitive enzyme digestion. Finally, 100 clinical trials were conducted to evaluate the performance of the detection system with the methylation sensitive enzyme digestion-real-time PCR.@*RESULTS@#The highly consistent sites, which were selected by high-throughput sequencing from 71 training set samples, was the 38th CpG. Based on the detection region, the screened methylation sensitive enzymes were @*CONCLUSIONS@#The 38th CpG site of Septin 9 detected by the detection system of methylation sensitive enzyme digestion-real-time PCR can highly predict the occurrence of colorectal cancer with great clinical application value.


Subject(s)
Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , CpG Islands/genetics , DNA , DNA Methylation , Humans , Plasma/metabolism , Septins/metabolism
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879040

ABSTRACT

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi provided is beneficial to Salvia miltiorrhiza for increasing yield, promoting the accumulation of active ingredients, and alleviating S. miltiorrhiza disease etc. However, the application of fungicides will affect the benefit of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and there is little research about it. This article study the effect of four different fungicides: carbendazim, polyoxin, methyl mopazine, and mancozeb on mycorrhiza benefit to S. miltiorrhiza by the infection intensity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, the growth of S. miltiorrhiza, and the content of active ingredients. RESULTS:: showed that different fungicides had different effects. The application of mancozeb had the strongest inhibitory effect on the mycorrhizal benefit to S. miltiorrhiza. Mancozeb significantly reduced the mycorrhizal colonization and the beneficial effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on the growth and the accumulation of active components of S. miltiorrhiza. The application of polyoxin had no significant effect on mycorrhizal colonization. Instead, it had a synergistic effect with the mycorrhizal benefit to promoting the growth and accumulation of rosmarinic acid of S. miltiorrhiza. The inhibitory strengths of four fungicides are: mancozeb>thiophanate methyl, carbendazim>polyoxin. Therefore, we recommend applying biological fungicides polyoxin and avoid applying chemical fungicides mancozeb for disease control during mycorrhizal cultivation of S. miltiorrhiza.


Subject(s)
Fungicides, Industrial/pharmacology , Mycorrhizae , Plant Roots , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Symbiosis
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801928

ABSTRACT

Objective: Harmonization method is one of the eight unique methods of traditional Chinese medicine with important application value in clinic. Based on the effect of harmonization method in regulating cold and heat, the mechanism of Huangliantang in treating chronic non-atrophic gastritis(CNAG) on rats were studied. Method: Rats were divided into normal group (n=10) and CNAG model group (n=50). The model of CNAG rats was induced by chemical stimulation combined with hunger and satiety. The model group was randomly divided into 5 groups, namely the model group, the Jinghua Weikang pill treatment group, and the high, middle and low-dose Huangliantang groups, with 8 rats in each group. After the model was successfully established, the Jinghua Weikang pill treatment group (0.04 g·kg-1), the high, middle, low dose Huangliantang group (11.00,5.48,2.74 g·kg-1), the blank group and the model group were given the same dose of saline for 4 weeks, and then the samples were collected. The histological changes of gastric mucosa were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The serum levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). immunohistochemistry(IHC) was used to detect nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) and its inhibitory protein receptor (IκBα), protein expression. Real-time quantitative fluorescence polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) was used to detect IκBα, NF-κB mRNA expressions. Result: In the model group, the gastric mucosa was damaged, a large number of inflammatory cells were infiltrated, the serum inflammatory factors increased significantly, mRNA and protein expressions of IκBα decreased, and mRNA and protein expressions of NF-κB increased in the gastric tissue (PκBα was up-regulated, IκBα protein was increased, while the expression of NF-κB mRNA was down-regulated, and NF-κB protein was decreased. The Jinghua Weikang pill treatment group and the high-dose Huangliantang group had the most obvious improvement (PPConclusion: Huangliantang for regulating cold and heat based on the harmonization method can effectively alleviate the degree of gastric mucosal injury, and reduce serum inflammatory factors in CNAG rats. The mechanism is related to the up-regulation of IκBα mRNA expression, and the down-regulation of NF-κB mRNA expression and NF-κB protein expression in gastric mucosa.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777088

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the efficacy and safety of salvianolate in elderly patients with unstable angina pectoris (UAP).@*METHODS@#A prospective double-blind randomized placebo-controlled multicenter trial in elderly patients with UAP from 13 third-grade class-A hospitals in China was performed. A total of 318 patients were randomly allocated in a 1:1 ratio to an experimental group (160 patients) and a control group (158 patients). The experimental group was treated with salvianolate for 14 days on the basis of conventional medicine, and the control group was given a placebo for 14 days with the same criteria. Follow-up was lasted 28 days in both groups. The primary endpoint was biweekly frequency of angina pectoris attacks. The secondary endpoints included biweekly dosage of nitroglycerin, the Seattle Angina Questionnaire, angina pectoris severity and duration, myocardial injury markers, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), as well as major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs). Safety was assessed according to adverse events and serious adverse events.@*RESULTS@#Baseline characteristics were similar between treatment groups. Compared with those in the control group, the frequency of biweekly angina attacks (2.92 vs . 4.08, P=0.025), the biweekly dosage of nitroglycerin, as well as the severity and duration of angina attacks (P<0.01) were reduced by salvianolate. The Seattle Angina Questionnaire score was also significantly improved in the experimental group than in the control group (P<0.05). No significant differences were observed between the two groups with respect to the incidence of MACEs. Salvianolate was well tolerated.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Salvianolate appear to have efficacy and well tolerated for elderly patients with UAP. [ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT03037047].

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813241

ABSTRACT

To investigate the expression, clinical significance, and biological function of the long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) ADAMTS9-AS2 in colorectal cancer (CRC).
 Methods: Gene microarray analysis was performed to explore the expression of ADAMTS9-AS2 in CRC. Real-time PCR was used to verify its expression in 20-paired CRC tissues and adjacent non-tumor tissues. We further explored the relationship between ADAMTS9-AS2 expression and clinicopathological features, and its prognostic role in relapse-free survival (RFS) among early stage CRC patients using Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses. In vitro assays, cell counting kit-8 assay, colony formation assay, and Transwell assay were used to evaluate the biological function of ADAMTS9-AS2 in CRC.
 Results: ADAMTS9-AS2 was down-regulated in CRC patients according to the gene microarray analysis, which was confirmed in CRC tissues and cells. High expression of ADAMTS9-AS2 was associated with a higher 5-year RFS rate (83.8% vs 73.5%, P=0.041) and it was an independent prognostic factor for RFS [hazard ratio (HR)=0.528; 95% CI 0.299 to 0.932; P=0.028] at the early stage of CRC. ADAMTS9-AS2 overexpression in CRC cells inhibited cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, while suppression of ADAMTS9-AS2 showed opposite effects.
 Conclusion: ADAMTS9-AS2 is a valuable prognostic factor for CRC and may function as a tumor suppressor in CRC via inhibiting cell proliferation and metastasis.


Subject(s)
ADAMTS9 Protein , Genetics , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Colorectal Neoplasms , Genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , RNA, Long Noncoding
8.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 874-877, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694001

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application of standardized patients in the department of otolaryngology. Methods Two otolaryngology scripts were designed and four standardized patients were trained. Ten students were offered standardized patients teaching twice. Students' and clinical teachers' feedback, as well as objective grading for each student were analyzed. Results The performance scores for all the standardized patients were o-ver 4 points(1-5 points). Standardized patients and clinical teachers have a high degree of consistency in grad-ing the students. 70%(7/10) of the students considered standardized patients' immediate comment as the most benefits. Conclusions Well trained standardized patients are competent for the role of an actor,evaluator and in-structor in teaching and assessing students. The standardized patients as a teaching component should be promoted in otolaryngology.

9.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 742-744, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693977

ABSTRACT

Microlectures have great advantages in improving the enthusiasm of medical students in self -learning be-cause of its short period and brief content,breaking through the limitations of time and space and realizing the share of educational resources.WeChat, QQ, Weibo and other communication software make daily use of micro-course possible in the education.This paper presents the content design and development model of electronic medical mi -cro-course platform,providing a theoretical basis and a model reference for the construction of electronic platform.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690303

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the possible effects of the microRNA(miR)-143/145 polymorphisms on cardiovascular risk factors and the severity of coronary heart disease(CHD) in Chinese Han people. Methods Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis was employed to identify the genotypes of the rs353292 and rs4705343 polymorphisms for 380 patients with CHD and 163 CHD-free controls. The physiological and biochemical parameters between the genotypes were compared in the CHD patients and in controls,and the incidence of myocardial infarction(MI) was also compared between the genotypes in the CHD patients. Results The subjects with the rs353292 TT genotype had higher serum levels of triglycerides(F=3.00,P=0.05) and glucose(F=9.91,P<0.001) than the C carriers,and the subjects with the rs4705343 TT genotype had significantly higher prevalence of hypertension(Χ=6.35,P=0.04) than the C carriers in the control group. The patients with the rs353292 TT genotype had significantly higher serum levels of hypersensitive C-reactive protein(hs-CRP)(F=8.43,P<0.001) than the C carriers in the CHD group,and the frequency of MI was significantly higher in the patients with the rs353292 TT genotype than that in the C carrier patients(Χ=5.29,P=0.02). Conclusion The T allele of the rs353292 polymorphism is associated with serum hs-CRP levels in CHD patients,and it may affect the occurrence and development of MI by up-regulation of CRP gene through miR-143/145. The rs4705343 polymorphism is not related to the risk and severity of CHD.

11.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1051-1054, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709413

ABSTRACT

The human adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette transporter A1(ABCA1)gene is highly polymorphic.Some polymorphisms in promoters (rs2422493 ,rs2740483 ,etc. ) and exons (rs2230806 ,rs4149313 ,etc. )have been reported to be significantly associated with coronary heart disease(CHD ). In terms of the underlying mechanisms ,ABCA1 gene polymorphisms might be associated with CHD through modulating the levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and other lipids ,or through changing ABCA1 protein structure and function. In this article ,the association of ABCA1 gene polymorphisms with CHD and the underlying mechanisms are reviewed.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737198

ABSTRACT

Variant pulmonary vein anatomy (PVA) has been reported to influence the recurrence of atrial fibrillation (AF) after radiofrequency ablation.However,the effects of PVA on AF in patients undergoing cryoballoon ablation (CBA) remain unknown.The present study aimed to examine the impact of PVA on the long-term outcome of CBA for AF.A total of 78 patients (mean age 60.7±10.9 years,64.1% males) with symptomatic and drug-refractory paroxysmal AF were enrolled in the study.Left atrium (LA) and PVA acquired at computed tomography angiography (CTA) were reconstructed with CARTO(R) 3 SYSTEM.Patients were routinely evaluated by 24-hour Holter monitoring following CBA.Cox regression was used to detect the predictors of AF recurrence after CBA.The results showed abnormal PVA in 30 patients (38.5%) and 18 patients (23.1%) had left common PV (LCPV).Electrical pulmonary vein isolation was achieved in all patients.After a mean follow-up of 689.5±103.8 days,it was found that patients with abnormal PVA had similar AF recurrence rate to those with normal PVA (26.7% vs.25.0%,P=0.54),and there was no significant difference in AF recurrence rate between LCPV patients and non-LCPV patients (33.7% vs.23.3%,P=0.29).Cox regression analysis showed that AF duration (72.9±9.0 vs.42.3±43.2 months,HR 1.001;95%CI 1.003-1.014;P<0.001) and cryo-applications of right-side PVs (3.0±1.6 vs.4.7±1.7,HR 0.661;95% CI 0.473-0.925;P=0.016) were independent predictors of freedom from AF,but PVA was not identified as a predictor of long-term success.In conclusion,the variant PVA cannot significantly influence the long-term outcome of AF patients undergoing CBA;longer AF duration and less cryo-applications of right-side PVs are associated with higher AF recurrent rate.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735730

ABSTRACT

Variant pulmonary vein anatomy (PVA) has been reported to influence the recurrence of atrial fibrillation (AF) after radiofrequency ablation.However,the effects of PVA on AF in patients undergoing cryoballoon ablation (CBA) remain unknown.The present study aimed to examine the impact of PVA on the long-term outcome of CBA for AF.A total of 78 patients (mean age 60.7±10.9 years,64.1% males) with symptomatic and drug-refractory paroxysmal AF were enrolled in the study.Left atrium (LA) and PVA acquired at computed tomography angiography (CTA) were reconstructed with CARTO(R) 3 SYSTEM.Patients were routinely evaluated by 24-hour Holter monitoring following CBA.Cox regression was used to detect the predictors of AF recurrence after CBA.The results showed abnormal PVA in 30 patients (38.5%) and 18 patients (23.1%) had left common PV (LCPV).Electrical pulmonary vein isolation was achieved in all patients.After a mean follow-up of 689.5±103.8 days,it was found that patients with abnormal PVA had similar AF recurrence rate to those with normal PVA (26.7% vs.25.0%,P=0.54),and there was no significant difference in AF recurrence rate between LCPV patients and non-LCPV patients (33.7% vs.23.3%,P=0.29).Cox regression analysis showed that AF duration (72.9±9.0 vs.42.3±43.2 months,HR 1.001;95%CI 1.003-1.014;P<0.001) and cryo-applications of right-side PVs (3.0±1.6 vs.4.7±1.7,HR 0.661;95% CI 0.473-0.925;P=0.016) were independent predictors of freedom from AF,but PVA was not identified as a predictor of long-term success.In conclusion,the variant PVA cannot significantly influence the long-term outcome of AF patients undergoing CBA;longer AF duration and less cryo-applications of right-side PVs are associated with higher AF recurrent rate.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668615

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Stem cell-based therapy has been proposed for the treatment of osteoarthritis (OA) and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) are becoming a promising stem cell source as they have strong proliferation and differentiation potentials and no ethics problem. OBJECTIVE: To explore an effective method of iPSCs differentiating into chondrocytes and to study the therapeutic effect of iPSCs derived chondrocytes on osteoarthritis. METHODS: In this study, three steps were developed to induce human iPSCs to differentiate into chondrocytes which were then transplanted into rat OA models induced by monosodium iodoacetate (MIA). There were four groups in the experiment: control group with normal saline injection, model group with MIA injection, iPSCs group with iPSCs transplantation following MIA injection, and differentiated iPSCs group with transplantation of iPSCs derived chondrocytes following MIA injection. At 15 weeks after transplantation, micro-CT was used and histological analysis of the knee joint was performed. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Compared with the iPS group, the expression of chondrocyte specific genes and proteins (Col2A1, GAG and Sox9) were significantly increased in the differentiated iPSCs group after 6 days of embryoid formation and after 2 weeks of cell differentiation. At 15 weeks after cell transplantation, no immune responses were observed, micro-CT showed an improvement in subchondral bone integrity, and histological examinations demonstrated the production of articular cartilage matrix. iPSCs derived chondrocytes showed better effects on articular cartilage repair than the iPSCs. To conclude, iPSCs derived chondrocytes can be effective via transplantation approach for cartilage tissue regeneration in OA rats.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607245

ABSTRACT

[Objective]To explore the possible effects of the apolipoprotein A5(APOA5)gene rs2075291 and rs3135507 poly-morphisms on plasma lipid levels and the severity of coronary stenosis in patients with coronary heart disease(CHD)in Chinese Han people.[Methods]Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method(PCR-RFLP)was used to identify the genotypes of the rs2075291 or rs3135507 polymorphism for the 324 patients with CHD and the 152 CHD-free controls,and the lipid levels between the genotypes were compared. The severity of coronary stenosis was assessed by the Gensini scoring system ,and the associations of the rs2075291 and rs3135507 polymorphisms as well as other factors with the Gensini scores were analyzed by mul-tivariate linear regression.[Results]The CHD patients had higher prevalence of hypertension ,and higher levels of triglycerides (TG),total cholesterol(TC),apolipoprotein B100(APOB100),lipoprotein(a)[Lp(a)],TG/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C),TC/HDL-C,low-density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL-C)/HDL-C and APOB100/apolipoprotein AI(APOAI),and low-er levels of HDL-C and APOAI than the controls(P 0.05).[Conclusion]The APOA5 rs2075291 polymorphism had significant effects on plasma lipid levels,but no effects on the occurrence and development of CHD. Further multicenter case-control studies with large samples are needed to validate these findings.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-854116

ABSTRACT

In January, 2014, European Medicines Agency (EMEA) issued a draft for community herbal monograph on Ginkgo biloba L., folium. That means the community herbal monograph on Ginkgo biloba L., folium has been settled finally. This assay introduces the new Ginkgo monograph briefly, describes the two registering methods and requirements for herbal medicines in EU, and reads the new monograph in more detail. By analyzing the impact of the new monograph on Ginkgo Folium products, this monograph will offer a very important reference and basis for the herbal registration application of Ginkgo Folium products in EU.

17.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 941-944, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-302044

ABSTRACT

<p><b>UNLABELLED</b>></p><p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To understand the prevalence of high risk sex behaviors and HIV infection status among the female sex workers (FSWs) from Vietnam in Yunnan province during a 5 year intervention project and provide evidence for the improvement of the behavior intervention among this population.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The survey was conducted annually among Vietnamese FSWs sampled in a county near China-Vietnam border to collect the information about their demographic characteristics, high risk sex behaviors and HIV test results through questionnaire and in-depth interview by bilingual outreach team. The behavior intervention included peer advise, training, lectures, interactive games, free condom distribution. The database was set up with Excel 2003 and the results were analyzed with SPSS 16.0.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The condom use rates among the Vietnamese FSWs at commercial sex in last month were 1.5%, 36.0%, 67.7%, 86.5% and 90.3% (P<0.05) respectively; and the condom use rates at the latest sex were 89.5%,44.8%, 86.6%,92.5% and 99.0% respectively (P<0.05) . The HIV antibody positive rates were 7.5%, 3.6%, 5.9%, 4.0% and 3.1% respectively (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The condom use rate of Vietnamese FSWs at commercial sex increased by more than 90% after the 5 year intervention project. However, the HIV-infection rate was still high. It is necessary to promote condom use among FSWs from Vietnam and their regular sex partners and strengthen the health education among clients.</p>

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287500

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the correlation between auto-immune antibodies and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients of Shen deficiency syndrome (SDS), thus providing clinical evidence for further researches on molecular biological mechanisms of RA patients of SDS.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 451 RA patients were assigned to the SDS group and the non-SDS group. Their general conditions (including gender, age, duration, and age of onset), C reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), platelet (PLT), disease activities (DAS28), auto-antibodies [rheumatoid factor (RF), anti-CCP antibodies, anti-nuclear antibody (ANA)] were compared between the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) The scores for EST, PLT, and DAS28 were obviously higher in the SDS group than in the non-SDS group (P < 0.05, P <0. 01). (2) The level of average RF was (697.32 +/-1 061.38 IU/mL) in the SDS group, higher than that in the non-SDS group (439.91 +/- 672.24 IU/mL, P <0.01). There was no statistical difference in anti-CCP antibody between the two groups (P >0.05).(3) The ANA positive rate of RA patients was 29. 63% (120/405). It was 37.19% (74/199) in RA patients of SDS and 22. 33% (46/206) in RA patients of non-SDS, showing statistical difference between the two groups (P <0.01). (4) The odds ratio for high level RF positive and ANA positive was 1. 574 and 2. 059 folds in RA patients of SDS as high as that in RA patients of non-SDS.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>RA patients of SDS would have higher risk of having auto-immune antibodies, fastened development, more worsen joint damage, and more poor prognosis. Its mechanisms might be closely associated with autoimmune tolerance.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Blood , Diagnosis , Autoantibodies , Blood , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Middle Aged , Young Adult
19.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 59-61, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-284138

ABSTRACT

Although guidelines and formulas have been developed through clinical practice to define infusion rate and volume, over- and under-resuscitation are still common, followed by increasing morbidity and mortality. In order to establish an effective management for early fluid resuscitation, the clinical decision support system (CDSS) has been established. The CDSS, by utilizing information systems coupled with decision support technology, could provide recommendations for the amount of fluid to be infused based on measured biological response. The results showed that patients treated with CDSS had a significantly lower mortality, increased ventilator-free days, and ICU-free days as compared with those treated with traditional fluid management. This article reviews the concepts as well as the result of recent clinical studies of CDSS for burn patients.


Subject(s)
Burns , Therapeutics , Decision Support Systems, Clinical , Fluid Therapy , Humans
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-359285

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the correlation between the expression of Fcgamma receptor II b (FcgammaRII b) on B cells and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients of Shen deficiency syndrome (SDS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>There were 43 RA patients, including 26 of SDS and 17 of non-SDS. The expression levels of FcgammaRII b on naive B cells, memory B cells, and plasma blasts in the peripheral blood were detected by flow cytometry. The numbers of tender joints, numbers of swollen joints, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), rheumatoid factor (RF), and disease activity score (DAS28), the correlation between the distribution of B cells and the expression level of FcgammaRII b in RA patients were analyzed. Besides, another 21 healthy volunteers were recruited as the control group.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression level of FcgammaRII b was 49.65% +/- 15.86% on memory B cells and 43.69% +/- 22.57% on plasma blasts in RA patients of SDS, significantly down-regulated when compared with those of the control group (64.03% +/- 6.01%, 66.59% +/- 10.18%, P < 0.01). The expression level of FcgammaRII b on memory B cells of RA patients of non-SDS was down-regulated more obviously when compared with that of the control group (52.70% +/- 9.52% versus 64.03% +/- 6.01%, P < 0.01). The expression level of FcgammaRII b on plasma blasts was obviously lower in RA patients of SDS than in RA patients of non-SDS (56.10% +/- 17.05%, P < 0.05). The expression level of FcgammaRII b on memory B cells was not correlated with numbers of tender joints, numbers of swollen joints, ESR, RF, or DAS28.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The defective immunological tolerance of B cells in RA patients of SDS might be closely correlated with down-regulation of FcgammaRII b on memory B cells and plasma blasts. There might exist genetic abnormality of FcgammaRII b gene in RA patients of SDS, thus inducing loss of autoimmunity tolerance.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Blood , Diagnosis , Allergy and Immunology , B-Lymphocytes , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Female , Humans , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Middle Aged , Receptors, IgG , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism
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