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1.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 16-21, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012418

ABSTRACT

Non-neoplastic lesions were added in the 5th edition WHO classification of adrenal cortical tumor based on the recent update, including adrenal rests, adrenal cysts, congenital adrenal hyperplasia and adrenocortical nodular disease. A range of tumor concepts were updated or refined based on tumor cell origin, histopathology, oncology and molecular biology. The most significant nomenclature change in the field of adrenal cortical pathology involves the refined classification of adrenal cortical nodular disease, which now includes sporadic nodular adrenocortical disease, bilateral micronodular adrenal cortical disease, and bilateral macronodular adrenal cortical disease. The 5th edition WHO classification endorses the nomenclature of the HISTALDO classification to help the classification of aldosterone producing adrenal cortical lesions, which uses CYP11B2 immunohistochemistry to identify functional sites of aldosterone production. The 5th edition WHO classification does not change the Weiss and Lin-Weiss-Bisceglia histopathologic criteria for diagnosing adrenal cortical carcinomas, and underscores the diagnostic and prognostic impact of angioinvasion in these tumors. Reticulin algorithm and Helsinki scoring system were added to assist the differential diagnosis of adrenal cortical neoplasms in adults. Pediatric adrenal cortical neoplasms are assessed using the Wieneke system. The 5th edition WHO classification places an emphasis on an accurate assessment of tumor proliferation rate using both the mitotic count (mitoses per 10 mm2) and Ki-67 labeling index which play an essential role in the dynamic risk stratification of affected patients. This review highlights advances in knowledge of histological features, ancillary studies, and associated genetic findings that increase the understanding of the adrenal cortex pathologies in the 5th edition WHO classification.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Child , Aldosterone , Adrenal Cortex Neoplasms/chemistry , Adrenocortical Carcinoma/pathology , Adrenal Gland Neoplasms , World Health Organization
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3684-3690, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004651

ABSTRACT

Protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) 1B is a potential therapeutic target for type 2 diabetes. Phosphotyrosine (pTyr) mimetics still dominate the currently available PTP1B inhibitors. The phenoxyacetic acid moiety was taken as a pTyr mimetic herein and phenoxyacetic acid-based compounds 2a-2g and 3a-3c were designed. Among them, compounds 2a-2g exhibited potent inhibition against PTP1B, and compound 2g showed an IC50 of 0.42 μmol·L-1 against PTP1B. Compound 2f exhibited pharmacological profiles similar to that of rosiglitazone, and could improve the insulin sensitivity and the serum total cholesterol level. The results suggest that PTP1B inhibitors might be effective in treating type 2 diabetes as well as associated metabolic syndromes.

3.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 2361-2369, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013972

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the pharmacological mechanism of the couplet medicines " Cangzhu-Yiy-iren" in treating adenoid hypertrophy (AH) of children based on network pharmacology. Methods To screen the active ingredient and relevant targets of the couplet medicines "Cangzhu-Yiyiren", a visual network map of " Drug-Component-Target " was constructed; related targets of AH were retrieved and standardized, and A PPI network to treat AH of children by " Cangzhu-Yiyiren" was constructed. Enrichment analysis was performed for the core targets, and a " targets -pathways" network was constructed. The expression of target proteins from spleen tissues of different groups was determined by Western blot to verify that atractylone regulated the expression of inflammatory factors by HIF-1 α-SUMOylation. Results A total of 71 drug-related targets and 337 disease-related targets for AH in children were obtained, and there were 30 " Drug-Disease " intersection targets. The main active components of the couplet medicines "Cangzhu-Yiyiren" were stigmaster-ol, atractylone and so on. The biological processes mainly involved in were tube morphogenesis, response to hormone, the main cellular components involved in were membrane raft, transcription regulator complex, and the molecular function of related targets were mainly enriched in the transcription factor binding, protein domain specific binding, etc. The enrichment analysis indicated that it was associated with apoptosis-multiple species, VEGF signaling pathway, and HIF-1 signaling pathway ,etc. The results of animal experiments showed that SUMO-1,HIF-1α,VEGF and VEGF-R protein expression were all down-regulated compared with the model group ( P < 0. 05 ). Conclusions The treatment of pediatric AH which takes the " Activating Spleen Treatment of Nasa" as the guiding ideology, is realized through multi-components, multi-target, multi-pathways, and mainly from the anti-inflammatory, immune regulation, antioxidant and other aspects to play its role in the treatment of children with AH.

4.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 2274-2280, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013672

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the effect of androgen receptor AR on the proliferation and lipid synthesis of cardiac fibroblasts under high-glucose conditions and the possible molecular mechanism.Methods The hearts of neonatal rats were dissected for primary culture of cardiac fibroblasts. Then the growth status of CFs was observed under the inverted microscope, and the identification of CFs was performed by immunofluorescence staining using anti-vimentin. After cell adherence, the cells were divided into blank control group, high glucose model group, negative control group, and overexpressed AR group. The glucose concentration was 33.0 mmol·L-1 except that the blank control group was 5.5 mmol·L-1. After 24 hours of CFs culture, Western blot and RT-qPCR were used to detect the expression of AR, FASN, PCNA, cyclin D1, α-SMA, and collagen . Oil red O and CCK-8 were used to detect the changes in lipid synthesis and cell proliferation ability, respectively.Results Compared with the blank control group, the lipid synthesis and proliferation of CFs in the high glucose model group were enhanced. Western blot and RT-qPCR results showed that the expression of AR decreased, while the expression of fat lipid synthase(FASN), proliferation marker PCNA, cyclin D1 and fibrosis marker α-SMA and collagen increased. After AR overexpressed plasmid was transfected into the CFs treated by high glucose, AR overexpression markedly decreased the expression of FASN, PCNA, cyclin D1, α-SMA and collagen compared with the empty plasmid‐transfected group. Meanwhile, oil red O staining and CCK-8 results showed that the lipid synthesis and proliferation ability of the overexpressed AR group decreased compared with the empty vector group, respectively. Conclusions High glucose promotes the proliferation and lipid synthesis of cardiac fibroblasts. Besides, the mechanism may be related to the regulation of lipid synthesis regulated by AR.

5.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 251-256, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971522

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the toxic effects of short-term exposure to gossypol on the testis and kidney in mice and whether these effects are reversible.@*METHODS@#Twenty 7 to 8-week-old male mice were randomized into blank control group, solvent control group, gossypol treatment group and drug withdrawal group. In the former 3 groups, the mice were subjected to daily intragastric administration of 0.3 mL of purified water, 1% sodium carboxymethylcellulose solution, and 30 mg/mL gossypol solution for 14 days, respectively; In the drug withdrawal group, the mice were treated with gossypol solution in the same manner for 14 days followed by treatment with purified water for another 14 days. After the last administration, the mice were euthanized and tissue samples were collected. The testicular tissue was weighed and observed microscopically with HE and PAS staining; the kidney tissue was stained with HE and examined for mitochondrial ATPase activity.@*RESULTS@#Compared with those in the control group, the mice with gossypol exposure showed reduced testicular seminiferous epithelial cells with rounded seminiferous tubules, enlarged space between the seminiferous tubules, interstitium atrophy of the testis, and incomplete differentiation of the spermatogonia. The gossypol-treated mice also presented with complete, non-elongated spermatids, a large number of cells in the state of round spermatids, and negativity for acrosome PAS reaction; diffuse renal mesangial cell hyperplasia, increased mesangial matrix, and adhesion of the mesangium to the wall of the renal capsule were observed, with significantly shrinkage or even absence of the lumens of the renal capsules and reduced kidney mitochondrial ATPase activity. Compared with the gossypol-treated mice, the mice in the drug withdrawal group showed obvious recovery of morphologies of the testis and the kidney, acrosome PAS reaction and mitochondrial ATPase activity.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Shortterm treatment with gossypol can cause reproductive toxicity and nephrotoxicity in mice, but these toxic effects can be reversed after drug withdrawal.


Subject(s)
Mice , Male , Animals , Gossypol/toxicity , Testis , Seminiferous Tubules , Spermatids , Spermatogenesis , Adenosine Triphosphatases/pharmacology
6.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 42-48, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970950

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the demographic characteristics and clinical influencing factors which associates with the occurrence probability of persistent or intermittent hypoviremia (LLV) in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) treated with nucleos(t)ide analogues (NAs). Methods: A single-center retrospective analysis was performed on patients with CHB who received outpatient NAs therapy for≥48 ± 2 weeks. According to the serum hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA load at 48±2 weeks treatment, the study groups were divided into LLV (HBV DNA < 20 IU/ml and < 2 000 IU/ml) and MVR group (sustained virological response, HBV DNA < 20 IU/ml). Demographic characteristics and clinical data at the start of NAs treatment (considered as baseline) were retrospectively collected for both patient groups. The differences in the reduction of HBV DNA load during treatment was compared between the two groups. Correlation and multivariate analysis were further conducted to analyze the associated factors influencing the LLV occurrence. Statistical analysis was performed using the independent samples t-test, c2 test, Spearman analysis, multivariate logistic regression analysis, or area under the receiver operating characteristic curve. Results: A total of 509 cases were enrolled, with 189 and 320 in the LLV and MVR groups, respectively. Compared to patients with MVR group at baseline: (1) the demographics characteristics of patients showed that LLV group was younger in age (39.1 years, P = 0.027), had a stronger family history (60.3%, P = 0.001), 61.9% received ETV treatment, and higher proportion of compensated cirrhosis (20.6%, P = 0.025) at baseline; (2) the serum virological characteristics of patients showed that LLV group had higher HBV DNA load, qHBsAg level, qHBeAg level, HBeAg positive rate, and the proportion of genotype C HBV infection but decreased HBV DNA during treatment (P < 0.001) at baseline; (3) the biochemical characteristics of patients showed that LLV group had lower serum ALT levels (P = 0.007) at baseline; (4) the noninvasive fibrosis markers of patients showed that LLV group were characterized by high aspartate aminotransferase platelet ratio index (APRI) (P = 0.02) and FIB-4 (P = 0.027) at baseline. HBV DNA, qHBsAg and qHBeAg were positively correlated with LLV occurrence (r = 0.559, 0.344, 0.435, respectively), while age and HBV DNA reduction were negatively correlated (r = -0.098, -0.876, respectively). Logistic regression analysis showed that ETV treatment history, high HBV DNA load at baseline, high qHBsAg level, high qHBeAg level, HBeAg positive, low ALT and HBV DNA level were independent risk factors for patients with CHB who developed LLV with NAs treatment. Multivariate prediction model had a good predictive value for LLV occurrence [AUC 0.922 (95%CI: 0.897 ~ 0.946)]. Conclusion: In this study, 37.1% of CHB patients treated with first-line NAs has LLV. The formation of LLV is influenced by various factors. HBeAg positivity, genotype C HBV infection, high baseline HBV DNA load, high qHBsAg level, high qHBeAg level, high APRI or FIB-4 value, low baseline ALT level, reduced HBV DNA during treatment, concomitant family history, metabolic liver disease history, and age < 40 years old are potential risk factors for developing LLV in patients with CHB during the therapeutic process.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Hepatitis B, Chronic/complications , Retrospective Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hepatitis B e Antigens , DNA, Viral , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Demography
7.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 204-209, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970738

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the current situation of job involvement of nurses in military hospitals in Henan Province and analyze the influencing factors, so as to provide reference for improving the level of job involvement of military nurses. Methods: In February 2022, the employed nurses of 4 military hospitals in Henan Province were investigated by convenient sampling method. A total of 663 questionnaires were collected, including 632 valid questionnaires, with an effective recovery rate of 95.32%. The self-designed questionnaire was used to investigate the basic information of nurses, the Job Involvement Scale was used to investigate the job involvement of nurses, the Emotional Labor Scale for Nurses was used to investigate nurses' emotions, and the Work-Family Conflict Scale was used to investigate the work-family conflict of nurses. Independent sample t-test and univariate analysis of variance were used to compare the job involvement of military employed nurses with different demographic characteristics, Pearson correlation analysis was used to explore the correlation between emotional labor, work-family conflict and job involvement, and hierarchical regression analysis was used to explore the impact of relevant variables on the job involvement of military employed nurses. Results: The total average score of job involvement of military employed nurses was (3.68±1.13), and the scores of vitality, dedication and focus were (3.64±1.15), (3.74±1.25) and (3.67±1.21) respectively. The total score of emotional labor of nurses was 33-80 (62.95±8.12), with an average score of (3.93±0.51). The total score of work-family conflict was 18-94 (55.16±13.53), with an average score of (3.06±0.75). Professional emotional regulation, patient-centered emotional inhibition and standardized emotional play were positively related to the job involvement (r=0.46, 0.41, 0.22, P<0.01). Time-based conflict, stress-based conflict and behavior-based conflict had negative correlation with the job involvement (r=-0.12, -0.23, -0.20, P<0.01). In hierarchical regression analysis, after controlling demographic variables, emotional labor and work-family conflict accounted for 17.2% and 4.2% of the variation of job involvement. Conclusion: The job involvement of military employed nurses tends to be at a moderate level. Emotional labor and work-family conflict can significantly affect their job involvement.


Subject(s)
Humans , United States , Hospitals, Military , Family Conflict , Surveys and Questionnaires , Regression Analysis , Nurses , Job Satisfaction
8.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 25-30, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970120

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical, radiological, histological and molecular features and the differential diagnosis of fibrocartilaginous mesenchymoma (FM). Methods: Four cases of FM diagnosed in the Department of Pathology, the Sixth People's Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine from 2020 to 2022 were analyzed. Related literature was also reviewed. Results: Case 1 was a 10-year-old girl with bone destruction in the sacrum and L5 articular processes revealed by CT scan. Case 2 was a 7-year-old girl with an aggressive lesion in her right distal ulna. Case 3 was an 11-year-old boy with a lesion in the metaphysis of his left proximal tibia. Case 4 was an 11-year-old boy with bone destruction in the distal portion of a radius. Microscopically, the four tumors all consisted of numerous spindle cells, hyaline cartilage nodules, and bone trabeculae. The hypocellular to moderately cellular spindle cell component contained elongated cells with slightly hyperchromatic, mildly atypical nuclei arranged in bundles or intersecting fascicles. Benign-appearing cartilaginous nodules of various sizes and shapes were scattered throughout the tumors. There were areas mimicking epiphyseal growth-plate characterized by chondrocytes arranged in parallel columns and areas of enchondral ossification. The stroma was rich in mucus in case 1. Mutation of GNAS and IDH1/IDH2 and amplification of MDM2 gene were not found in any of the three tested cases. Conclusions: FM is very rare and tends to affect young patients. It most frequently occurs in the metaphysis of long tubular bones, followed by the iliac-pubic bones and vertebrae. FM is characterized by a mixed population of spindle cells, hyaline cartilage nodules and trabeculae of bone, without specific immunophenotypes and molecular alternations. As a borderline, locally aggressive neoplasm, surgical removal with a wide margin is generally the treatment of choice for FM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Mesenchymoma/pathology , China , Osteogenesis , Cartilage/pathology , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
9.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 819-825, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985992

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the stem cell collection rate and efficacy and safety of patients aged 70 and below with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM) treated with the VRD (bortezomib, lenalidomide and dexamethasone) regimen followed by autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). Methods: Retrospective case series study. The clinical data of 123 patients with newly diagnosed MM from August 1, 2018, to June 30, 2020, at the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University and Suzhou Hopes Hematology Hospital, who were eligible for VRD regimen sequential ASCT, were collected. The clinical characteristics, efficacy after induction therapy, mobilization regimen of autologous stem cells, autologous stem cell collection rate, and side effects and efficacy of ASCT were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Of the 123 patients, 67 were males. The median patient age was 56 (range: 31-70) years. Patients with IgG, IgA, IgD, and light-chain types accounted for 47.2% (58/123), 23.6% (29/123), 3.2% (4/123), and 26.0% (32/123) of patients, respectively. In addition, 25.2% (31/123) of patients had renal insufficiency (creatinine clearance rate<40 ml/min). Patients with Revised-International Staging System (R-ISS) Ⅲ accounted for 18.2% (22/121) of patients. After induction therapy, the rates of partial response and above, very-good partial response (VGPR) and above, and complete response (CR)+stringent CR were 82.1% (101/123), 75.6% (93/123), and 45.5% (56/123), respectively. Overall, 90.3% (84/93) of patients were mobilized with cyclophosphamide+granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and 8 patients with G-CSF or G-CSF+plerixafor due to creatinine clearance rate<30 ml/min and one of them was mobilized with DECP (cisplatin, etoposide, cyclophosphamide and dexamethasone)+G-CSF for progressive disease. The rate of autologous stem cell collection (CD34+cells≥2×106/kg) after four courses of VRD regimen was 89.1% (82/92), and the rate of collection (CD34+cells≥5×106/kg) was 56.5% (52/92). Seventy-seven patients treated with the VRD regimen sequential ASCT. All patients had grade 4 neutropenia and thrombocytopenia. Among the nonhematologic adverse events during ASCT, the highest incidence was observed for gastrointestinal reactions (76.6%, 59/77), followed by oral mucositis (46.8%, 36/77), elevated aminotransferases (44.2%, 34/77), fever (37.7%, 29/77), infection (16.9%, 13/77) and heart-related adverse events (11.7%, 9/77). Among the adverse events, grade 3 adverse events included nausea (6.5%, 5/77), oral mucositis (5.2%, 4/77), vomiting (3.9%, 3/77), infection (2.6%, 2/77), elevated blood pressure after infusion (2.6%, 2/77), elevated alanine transaminase (1.3%, 1/77), and perianal mucositis (1.3%, 1/77); there were no grade 4 or above nonhematologic adverse events. The proportion of patients who achieved VGPR and above after VRD sequential ASCT was 100% (75/75), and the proportion of patients who were minimal residual disease-negative (<10-4 level) was 82.7% (62/75). Conclusion: In patients aged 70 and below with newly diagnosed MM treated with VRD induction therapy, the collection rate of autologous stem cells was good, and good efficacy and tolerability were noted after follow-up ASCT.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Multiple Myeloma/diagnosis , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Creatinine , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Mobilization , Transplantation, Autologous , Dexamethasone/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Heterocyclic Compounds/therapeutic use , Bortezomib/therapeutic use , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Stomatitis/etiology
10.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 831-836, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009828

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To improve the understanding of the clinical phenotypes and genetic characteristics of nephronophthisis (NPHP) and related syndromes in children.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of eight children with NPHP and related syndromes who were diagnosed and treated in the Department of Pediatrics of the Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University, from January 2018 to November 2022. The clinical characteristics and genetic testing results were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among these eight children, there were five boys and three girls, with an age of onset ranging from 15 months to 12 years. All 8 children exhibited different degrees of renal function abnormalities when they attended the hospital. Among the eight children, two had the initial symptom of delayed development, two had the initial symptom of anemia, and two were found to have abnormal renal function during physical examination. The extrarenal manifestations included cardiovascular abnormalities in two children, skeletal dysplasia in two children, liver dysfunction in one child, retinitis pigmentosa in one child, and visceral translocation in one child. All eight children had renal structural changes on ultrasound, and four children had mild to moderate proteinuria based on routine urine test. Of all eight children, five had NPHP1 gene mutations and one each had a gene mutation in the NPHP3, IFT140, and TTC21B genes, and four new mutation sites were discovered.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Children with NPHP and related syndromes often have the initial symptom of delayed development or anemia, and some children also have extrarenal manifestations. NPHP and related syndromes should be considered for children with unexplained renal dysfunction, and high-throughput sequencing may help to make a confirmed diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Syndrome , Kidney Diseases, Cystic/genetics , Mutation , Phenotype
11.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1030-1035, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009180

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the short-term clinical efficacy of SuperCap approach and direct anterior approach in total hip arthroplasty.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 70 patients who underwent minimally invasive SuperCap approach and DAA THA in January 2016 to June 2017 were retrospective analyzed. These patients were divided into two groups:SuperCap approach group(SuperCap group) and direct anterior approach group(DAA group). There were 15 males and 15 females in SuperCap group, aged from 45 to 71 years old, and the follow-up time ranged from 24 to 30 months. There were 24 males and 16 females in Group B, aged from 51 to 76 years and the follow-up time ranged from 24 to 36 months. Hemoglobin level of the 3rd day after operation, transfusion rate, acetabular abduction angle, anteversion angle and creatine kinase level of the 3rd day after operation, Harris score of 3 months and the last time, VAS score of 1 week and the last time were recorded and compared. Complications were recorded at the final follow-up.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up, the follow-up time of SuperCap group ranged from 24 to 30 months, that of DAA group ranged from 24 to 36 months. No significant differences were found in hemoglobin level on the 3rd day after operation, transfusion rate, Harris score or VAS score between two group (P>0.05). There was no significant difference in Harris score between 3 months after operation and the final follow-up in both groups (P>0.05). There were no significant difference in VAS scores of 6 weeks after operation and on the final follow-up neither(P>0.05). The level of creatine kinase in SuperCap group was significant lower than that in DAA group(P<0.05). Until the final follow-up, there was no significant difference in the incidence of complications between the two groups(P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The clinical effect of minimally invasive SuperCap approach after total hip arthroplasty is comparable to that of DAA approach with less soft tissue injury. Patients can recover rapidly after operation and it is a safe and effective surgical approach for surgeons with short learning curve.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Retrospective Studies , Antiviral Agents , Treatment Outcome , Creatine Kinase , Hemoglobins
12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4237-4242, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008620

ABSTRACT

This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness and economic efficiency of Biyuan Tongqiao Granules combined with Triamcinolone Acetonide Nasal Spray in the treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis(CRS). The randomized controlled trial(RCT) of Biyuan Tongqiao Granules combined with Triamcinolone Acetonide Nasal Spray in the treatment of CRS was searched against EMbase, PubMed, Cochrane Library, CNKI, VIP, SinoMed, and Wanfang. The efficacy, nasal mucociliary transport time, and safety of the therapy above in the treatment of CRS were analyzed with single-group rate and Meta-analysis, and the economy and sensitivity were evaluated from the perspective of payer. A total of 9 RCTs were included, including 1 145 patients. Meta-analysis showed that compared with Triamcinolone Acetonide Nasal Spray alone, Biyuan Tongqiao Granules combined with Triamcinolone Acetonide Nasal Spray in the treatment of CRS patients increased the effective rate(RR=1.17, 95%CI[1.11, 1.24], P<0.000 01) and shortened the nasal mucociliary transport time(MD=-3.32, 95%CI[-5.86,-0.78], P=0.01), there was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse reactions between the two groups. The incremental cost-effectiveness analysis showed that the treatment costs of the control group and the observation group were 44.15 yuan and 1 044.96 yuan, respectively. In the Biyuan Tongqiao Granules combined with Triamcinolone Acetonide Nasal Spray treatment group, 75.48 yuan was spent to improve the effective rate of CRS by 1%. The one-way sensitivity analysis indicated the days of treatment, the RR of Biyuan Tongqiao Granules combined with Triamcinolone Acetonide Nasal Spray, the price of unit preparation of Biyuan Tongqiao Granules, and the effective rate of Triamcinolone Acetonide Nasal Spray alone had great influence on the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio. In conclusion, Biyuan Tongqiao Granules combined with Triamcinolone Acetonide Nasal Spray improves the therapeutic effect on CRS. The probabilistic sensitivity analysis showed that when the willingness to pay was greater than 7 920 yuan(less than 0.1 of GDP per capita 8 098 yuan), the combined therapy was economically superior to the control. Due to the limited number of articles published, it is necessary to carry out a real-world clinical trial of Biyuan Tongqiao Gra-nules and Triamcinolone Acetonide Nasal Spray in the treatment of CRS, so as to compare the cost-effectiveness of Biyuan Tongqiao Granules and Triamcinolone Acetonide Nasal Spray.


Subject(s)
Humans , Triamcinolone Acetonide/adverse effects , Nasal Sprays , Cost-Effectiveness Analysis , Sinusitis/drug therapy , Chronic Disease
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4208-4214, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008617

ABSTRACT

In this study, the transmittance of tanshinone Ⅱ_A(Tan Ⅱ_A) and cryptotanshinone(CTS) through the blood-prostate barrier and their distributions in the prostate tissue were compared between tanshinone extract(Tan E) treatment group and the corresponding monomer composition group under the equivalent dose conversion in vitro and in vivo. First, the human prostate epithelial cell line RWPE-1 was cultured in vitro for 21 days for the establishment of a blood-prostate barrier model, and the transmission of Tan Ⅱ_A and CTS through the barrier model was investigated after administration of Tan E and corresponding single active components. Second, SD rats were administrated with 700 mg·kg~(-1) Tan E, 29 mg·kg~(-1) CTS, and 50 mg·kg~(-1) Tan Ⅱ_A by gavage, and plasma and prostate tissue samples were collected at the time points of 2, 4, 8, 12, and 24 h. The Tan Ⅱ_A and CTS concentrations in the samples were determined. The results showed that in the cell model, the cumulative transmission amounts of CTS and Tan Ⅱ_A in the extract at each time point were higher than those of the corresponding single active components(P<0.01). In rats, after the administration of Tan E, the concentrations of Tan Ⅱ_A and CTS in rat plasma and prostate were higher than those of the corresponding single active components. This study demonstrated that the coexisting components in Tan E promoted the penetration of its main pharmacological components Tan Ⅱ_A and CTS through the blood-prostate barrier. The findings provide a theoretical and experimental basis for the application of Tan E in the clinical treatment of prostate-related diseases.


Subject(s)
Male , Rats , Humans , Animals , Prostate , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Abietanes/pharmacology , Permeability
14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1687-1693, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928099

ABSTRACT

By the in-depth excavation of prescriptions containing herbal pair Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma-Polygalae Radix in the Dictionary of Traditional Chinese Medicine Prescriptions, this study analyzed their formulation rules, so as to provide reference for their clinical application and new drug development. First, the prescriptions containing Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma-Polygalae Radix were collected from the Dictionary of Traditional Chinese Medicine Prescriptions, and their indications, herbal compatibility, and dosage forms were analyzed statistically using the Traditional Chinese Medicine Inheritance Support System(TCMISS). Meanwhile, the formulation rules and common dosage forms for the top four indications(amnesia, palpitation, mania, and epilepsy) sorted by frequency were analyzed with Apriori algorithm. A total of 507 prescriptions containing Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma-Polygalae Radix were screened out, involving 15 indications(frequency>10) like amnesia, palpitation, mania, and epilepsy. There were 30 commonly used Chinese herbs(frequency≥60), with the Qi-tonifying herbs(Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma and Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizome), mind-tranquilizing herbs(Poria and Poria cum Radix Pini), and Yin-nourishing herbs(Angelicae Sinensis Radix and Ophiopogonis Radix) being the core ones. The commonly used dosage forms were honey pill, paste pill, decoction, and powder. These have indicated that the herbal pair Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma-Polygalae Radix is often combined with Qi-tonifying, Yin-nourishing, and mind-tranquilizing herbs for the treatment of "heart or brain diseases" caused by phlegm production due to spleen deficiency, Qi and blood deficiency, and phlegm-turbidity blocking orifice. In the treatment of amnesia, supplementing essence and replenishing marrow are considered on the basis of tonifying Qi, nourishing Yin, and tranquilizing mind. In the treatment of palpitation and mania, tranquilizing mind is emphasized. In the treatment of epilepsy, the emphasis is placed on resolving phlegm, extinguishing wind, and stopping convulsion.


Subject(s)
Data Mining , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Roots , Prescriptions , Rhizome
15.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 175-182, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940401

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the mechanism of Fangji Fulingtang in the treatment of acute kidney injury (AKI) induced by ischemia-reperfusion based on network pharmacology and experimental verification. MethodActive components of Fangji Fulingtang were retrieved from Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP) and previous report and targets of these components were predicted by SwissTargetPrediction. The targets of AKI were searched from GeneCards, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM), the database of gene-disease associations (DisGeNET), and Therapeutic Target Database (TTD). Protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed by STRING. Metascape was used for Gene Ontology (GO) term enrichment and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment of core targets. Cytoscape was employed to construct the "medicinal-active component-target-disease" network and “active component-target-pathway” network. AutoDock was applied for molecular docking. Finally, animal experiment was carried out to validate the mechanism of Fangji Fulingtang in treatment of AKI. ResultA total of 137 active components and 858 targets of Fangji Fulingtang, 1 294 targets of AKI, and 267 targets of Fangji Fulingtang in the treatment of AKI were screened out. Phosphoinositide-3-kinase regulatory subunit 1 (PIK3R1), phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate 3-kinase catalytic subunit alpha (PIK3CA), proto-oncogene tyrosine protein kinase (SRC), protein kinase B1 (Akt1), and mitogen-activated protein kinase 3 (MAPK3) were the key anti-AKI targets of Fangji Fulingtang, which were involved in 1 609 GO terms, particularly cell response to lipids, membrane rafts, and protein kinase activity, and 140 KEGG pathways such as PI3K/Akt signaling pathway, chemokine signaling pathway, and Toll-like receptor signaling pathway. Molecular docking showed that the core active components had strong binding affinity to the key targets. The hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining results indicated that Fangji Fulingtang can significantly improve the pathological state and the serological results suggested that the levels of serum creatinine (SCr) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) were significantly reduced. ConclusionThis study clarified the mechanism of Fangji Fulingtang in the treatment of AKI and found that Fangji Fulingtang had the multi-component, multi-target, and multi-pathway characteristics in the treatment of AKI. The result lays a foundation for further study of its specific mechanism.

16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 501-505, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928743

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the characteristics of ADC value changes in DWI of newly diagnosed symptomatic MM patients and its correlation with R-ISS stage.@*METHODS@#The data of 148 newly diagnosed symptomatic MM patients treated by whole-body DWI scan at The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from June 2016 to June 2019 were selected and retrospectively analyzed and 30 cases of age-matched healthy people were selected as controls. The differences of ADC values between the patients in normal control group, DWI- group and DWI+ group were compared, and the relationship between ADC values and R-ISS stage in MM patients was compared.@*RESULTS@#The plasma cell percentage of the patients in DWI+ group was higher than those in DWI- group. ADC values of vertebra, sternum, rib, pectoral girdle, pelvic girdle of the patients in DWI+ group were significantly higher than those in DWI- group and normal control group. The ADC values of each part of the patients in DWI- group were higher than those in normal control group. ADC values of sternum, rib and pectoral girdle in the patients at R-ISS stage III were higher than those at R-ISS stage I and II, while, there was no statistical difference between R-ISS stage I and II groups. And there was no significant difference in ADC values of other bone parts such as vertebra and pelvic girdle in patients at R-ISS stage Ⅰ-Ⅲ.@*CONCLUSION@#DWI+ in MM patients is related to higher tumor invasion. The ADC values of the DWI+ group are higher than those of the DWI- group; the bone ADC values of the DWI- patients are still higher than the normal ones. And there is a certain relationship between ADC value and R-ISS stage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Diseases , Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Multiple Myeloma/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Whole Body Imaging
17.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 412-417, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015315

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the expression and role of bromodomain-containing protein 4(BRD4) in spinal cord of mice which suffered inflammatory pain induced by formaldelryde solution. Methods Thirty-two ICR mice were randomly divided into normal saline group and formaldehyde injection 5 minutes, 30 minutes and 60 minutes groups, with 8 mice in each group. The expression of BRD4 protein and mRNA in spinal cord of mice in each group were detected by Western blotting (n = 4/group) and Real-time PCR (n = 4/group); 66 mice were randomly divided into formaldelryde injection group, vehicle (DMSO) plus formaldelryde injection group and 6. 25, 12. 5, 25 and 50 mg/kg JQl injection plus formaldelryde solution group, with 11 mice in each group. The effect of BRD4 inhibitor JQl on spontaneous pain in each group was observed (n= 11/group); Immunohistochemistry (n= 3/group), Real-time PCR (n = 4/group) or Western blotting (n= 4/group) were used to detect the effects of 25 mg/kg JQ1 on the expression of c-fos and glutamate receptor 2 (GluR2) in the spinal cord of model mice. Results The result showed that levels of BRD4 protein (P<0. 01) and mRNA in spinal cord increased significantly 30 min and 60 min after formaldehyde solution injection (P<0. 05). The behavioral test showed that both 25 mg/kg and 50 mg/kg JQf administration could reduce the second phase spontaneous pain compared with the solvent (DMSO) group (P < 0 . 05). Furthennore, immunohistochemistry and Real-time PCR result showed that 25 mg/kg JQf injection could significantly reduce positive numbers (P<0. 01) and high mRNA expression of c-fos in mouse spinal cord induced by formaldehyde solution (P < 0 . 05), and the Western blotting result showed that 25 mg/kg JQf administration could significantly reduce the expression of glutamate receptor GluR2 (P < 0. OOf). Conclusion BRD4 may play an important role in the induction of central sensitization of inflammatory pain, and JQf may alleviate inflammatory pain behavior by inhibiting the formation of central sensitization of pain.

18.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 330-335, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935090

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the clinical characteristics, treatment response, and prognosis of newly diagnosed symptomatic multiple myeloma (MM) patients with systemic light chain amyloidosis (AL) . Methods: The clinical data of 160 patients with newly diagnosed MM treated at the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from January 1, 2017 to October 31, 2018, were retrospectively analyzed. According to the histopathological biopsy results of bone marrow, skin, and other tissues, the patients were divided into two groups according to whether amyloidosis was combined or not, namely, the MM+AL group and the MM group. The clinical characteristics and treatment responses of the two groups were compared. Results: Among the 160 patients with newly diagnosed MM, there were 42 cases in the MM+AL group and 118 cases in the MM group. In terms of clinical features, the involved light chain and non-involved light chain (dFLC) in the MM+AL group was significantly higher than that in the MM group (P=0.039) . After induction treatment, the MM+AL group had a higher overall response rate (85.7%vs 79.7%, P<0.05) and higher excellent partial response (76.2%vs 55.1%, P<0.05) . After a median follow-up of 26 (0.25-41) months, there was no significant difference in the progression free survival and overall survival (OS) between the two groups (P>0.05) . The OS of patients in autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation group was better than that in non transplantation group (P<0.05) .The prognosis of patients with cardiac involvement in the MM+AL group was significantly worse than that in the MM group and MM+AL group without cardiac involvement (P<0.001) , with a median OS of only 13 months. Conclusion: The differential diagnosis between the MM+AL and MM groups requires histopathology, particularly for patients with significantly increased dFLC. The overall remission rate of patients in MM+AL group after 4 courses of induction chemotherapy was higher than that in MM group. The prognosis of patients with cardiac involvement in MM+AL group was poor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Amyloidosis/diagnosis , Immunoglobulin Light Chains , Immunoglobulin Light-chain Amyloidosis/therapy , Multiple Myeloma/therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
19.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 95-98, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933437

ABSTRACT

To investigate the efficacy and safety of total oral regimen containing ixazomib in multidrug-resistant relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma(RRMM). A total of 38 patients were retrospectively analyzed from August 2018 to January 2020 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University. The overall response rate (ORR)was 36.8%. Among them, the very good partial response (VGPR) or better rate was 23.7%, and the complete response (CR) rate was 5.3%. The ORR was 41.7% in patients receiving ixazomib-lenalidomide-dexamethasone (IRD) regimen. Median PFS was 5 months and median OS was 7.5 months. The ORR was 50% after second-line therapy, 40% after third-line therapy and 12.5% after forth-line therapy or more. The ORR was 29.0% in bortezomib-refractory patients, 38.0% in lenalidomide-refractory patients, 21.4% in bortezmoib & lenalidomide dual refractory patients. Grade 3-4 hematological adverse events (AEs) were reported in 21% patients. Common hematological AEs included lymphopenia, neutropenia, thrombocytopenia. Other usual AEs were fatigue and diarrhea. No grade 3-4 peripheral neuropathy was recorded. In the treatment of relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma patients with multidrug resistance, the total oral regimens containing ixazomib demonstrate reliable efficacy and safety. Early administration of ixazomib at first or second relapse is suggested for more favorable clinical outcome.

20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1621-1626, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881566

ABSTRACT

Hyperuricemia is not only the biochemical basis of gout, but also closely related to the development of metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular diseases, chronic kidney disease, etc. Xanthine oxidase (XOD) is the key catalytic enzyme for uric acid biosynthesis, therefore the vital target for anti-hyperuricemic drugs. In this study, compound CC18022 was designed and synthesized specifically targeting to XOD. Molecular docking analysis indicated a fairly tight binding between CC18022 and XOD. In the in vitro study, CC18022 significantly inhibited XOD activity with a half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) value in the order of nmol·L-1, which is relative to the XOD inhibitor febuxostat. By using both acute and chronic hyperuricemic mice model, compound CC18022 was found to have serum uric acid-lowering effect in a dose-dependent manner in vivo. The animal welfare and experimental processes were in accordance with the provisions of the Animal Ethics Committee of the Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. In the acute hyperuricemic mice, CC18022 significantly inhibited serum XOD activity, and also the XOD activity in intestine and liver, which were related to purine absorption and metabolism. Therefore, the novel compound CC18022 exhibited significant inhibition on XOD activity and anti-hyperuricemic effects, making it a favorable candidate for further research.

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