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1.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 486-491, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993623

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the impact of different scattering correction algorithms in the reconstruction of PET/CT images on image artifacts and the precision of quantitative parameters.Methods:The phantom as described in the National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) NU2 standard was filled with 18F. The background activity was fixed, and the activity of the solution in the spheres was adjusted to obtain several configurations, including the normal ratio group (4.08∶1) and the extreme ratio group (200∶1). The surface contamination group with the same ratio as the extreme ratio group contained a small radioactive source with different doses of 18F (74, 37, 3.7 and 0.37 MBq) placed at the surface of the phantom. PET/CT images of 30 patients (21 males, 9 females, age: (44.5±10.2) years) from Peking University Cancer Hospital & Institute between July 2012 and December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed, including 10 with normal images ( 18F-FDG) and 20 with abnormal images (10 with dislocation during acquisition, 10 with surface contamination). The images were reconstructed with relative and absolute scattering correction. The phantom was evaluated using the target to background ratio (TBR) and the artifact classification. CV as well as the artifact classification were used to compare the clinical image quality. Mann-Whitney U test and χ2 test were used to analyze data. Results:In the normal ratio group and the extreme ratio group, the TBRs of phantom images reconstructed with relative correction were significantly higher than those with absolute correction (normal ratio group: 3.30(1.94, 4.53) vs 2.72(1.56, 3.56); z=-2.20, P=0.028; extreme ratio group: 105.47(45.62, 162.82) vs 101.36(43.96, 155.57); z=-1.99, P=0.046). In the surface contamination group, with the increase of the activity of the small source, the artifact became more obvious, and the artifact classification score of absolute correction was significantly better than that of relative correction (1.5(1.0, 2.0) vs 2.5(2.0, 3.0); z=-2.00, P=0.046). In the 10 normal 18F-FDG PET/CT patients, the CVliver of the relative correction (9.67%(8.00%, 11.00%)) was significantly lower than that of absolute correction (11.00%(9.00%, 12.00%); z=-2.57, P=0.010), indicating the higher image quality of images with relative correction. In abnormal images, the image quality of absolute correction was significantly higher than that of relative correction with fewer and less severe artifacts (dislocation cases: 9/10 vs 4/10; χ2=5.50, P=0.019; surface contamination cases: 9/10 vs 4/10; χ2=5.50, P=0.019). Conclusions:The relative scattering correction is suitable for normal situations in clinical PET acquisition. However, with dislocation or surface contamination, the absolute scattering correction helps to reduce the artifacts and improve the image quality.

2.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 211-215, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993580

ABSTRACT

Objective:To prepare a novel targeted prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA) molecular probe Al 18F-PSMA-136, and evaluate the effects of the change in linker on the biological behavior and tumor targeting ability. Methods:Al 18F-PSMA-136 was prepared by replacing the phenyl of Al 18F-PSMA-137 with cyclohexyl in 1, 4, 7-triazacylononane-1, 4, 7-triaceticacid (NOTA). The inhibition abilities of PSMA of NOTA-PSMA-136 and NOTA-PSMA-137 were determined by N-acetylated-α-linked acidic dipeptidase (NAALADase) method. The radiochemical purity and in vitro stability of the labeled products were analyzed by radio-high-performance liquid chromatography. The PSMA specificity and tumor targeting capability of the probes were investigated in 22Rv1 (PSMA positive-expressing) cells and mouse models. Independent-sample t test was used to analyze the data. Results:The Ki values of NOTA-PSMA-136 and NOTA-PSMA-137 were 3.41 and 0.30 nmol/L, respectively. The labeling yield of Al 18F-PSMA-136 was (30.1±8.4)% and the specific activity was (18.7±5.3) GBq/μmol. The radiochemical purities of the two probes were both greater than 95% and the stabilities in vitro were both good. Both probes showed PSMA-specific in 22Rv1 cells, but the uptake of Al 18F-PSMA-137 was significantly higher than that of Al 18F-PSMA-136 (1 h: (1.67±0.24) vs (1.00±0.01) percentage injected activity per 1×10 5 cells (%IA/1×10 5 cells): t=4.78, P=0.003; 2 h: (2.11±0.06) vs (1.03±0.06) %IA/1×10 5 cells; t=19.90, P<0.001). MicroPET/CT imaging showed that Al 18F-PSMA-136 and Al 18F-PSMA-137 had similar distribution in vivo, mainly concentrated in kidneys, intestine, gallbladder, bladder and tumor. However, the uptake of Al 18F-PSMA-137 in tumor was significantly higher than that of Al 18F-PSMA-136 (1 h: 1.78±0.10 vs 0.54±0.08; t=13.29, P<0.001; 2 h: 1.95±0.01 vs 0.52±0.11; t=18.53, P<0.001). Conclusion:Changes in the NOTA-conjugated linker can significantly affect the PSMA inhibition ability and tumor targeting, and the imaging effect of Al 18F-PSMA-137 with strong lipophilicity is superior.

3.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 196-200, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993577

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the performance of Al 18F-prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-BCH PET/CT in the detection and localization of early recurrent prostate cancer after radical prostatectomy. Methods:From July 2021 to July 2022, a cohort of 51 patients (age: 49-80(64.8±6.9) years) who underwent Al 18F-PSMA-BCH for biochemical recurrence with the prostate specific antigen (PSA) level less than 2 μg/L in Peking University Cancer Hospital & Institute were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were stratified into 4 groups (PSA<0.2 μg/L, 0.2 μg/L≤PSA<0.5 μg/L, 0.5 μg/L≤PSA<1 μg/L, 1 μg/L≤PSA<2 μg/L groups) according to different PSA levels. Lesions detected by Al 18F-PSMA-BCH PET/CT were recorded as prostate bed (including bed of seminal vesicles); pelvic, paraaortic, mediastinal/supraclavicular and axillary lymph nodes; bone lesions and visceral lesions. The detection rates among different groups were compared by Fisher exact test. Results:Of 51 patients, 30(58.8%) had evidence of abnormal uptake suggestive of recurrent prostate cancer, with 60.0%(18/30) had disease confined to the pelvis, including 26.7%(8/30) had prostate bed recurrence, 26.7%(8/30) had pelvic lymph nodes, 6.6%(2/30) had prostate bed recurrence with pelvic lymph nodes, while 40.0%(12/30) had extra pelvic disease. The detection rates of Al 18F-PSMA-BCH PET/CT in PSA<0.2 μg/L, 0.2 μg/L≤PSA<0.5 μg/L, 0.5 μg/L≤PSA<1 μg/L and 1 μg/L≤PSA<2 μg/L groups were 39.1%(9/23), 6/11, 8/9 and 7/8, respectively. There were no significant differences of detection rates between PSA<0.2 μg/L group and 0.2 μg/L≤PSA<0.5 μg/L group ( P=0.397) and also between 0.5 μg/L≤PSA<1 μg/L group and 1 μg/L≤PSA<2 μg/L group ( P=0.929). Conclusion:Al 18F-PSMA-BCH has a high detection rate for early recurrent prostate cancer, even at low PSA levels less than 0.2 μg/L.

4.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 141-149, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971163

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the preoperative whole perforator evaluation and intraoperative eccentric design of anterolateral thigh flap (ALTF) based on superficial fascial perforators by modified computed tomography angiography (CTA), and the clinical effects were observed. Methods: A prospective observational study was adopted. Twelve patients with oral and maxillofacial tumors and 10 patients with open injury of the upper limb with large soft tissue defects were hospitalized in the Department of Hand & Microsurgery and Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery of Affiliated Hospital of Binzhou Medical University from January 2021 to July 2022, with 12 males and 10 females, aged from 33 to 75 years, an average age of 56.6 years. The wounds of the patients with oral and maxillofacial tumors were reconstructed by ALTF after the extensive tumor resection and radical cervical lymph node dissection in the same stage; the wounds of the patients with skin and soft tissue defect on the upper limb were covered by ALTF in stage Ⅱ after debridement in stage Ⅰ. After debridement, the area of wound was 3.5 cm×3.5 cm-25.0 cm×10.0 cm and the area of the required flap area was 4.0 cm×4.0 cm-23.0 cm×13.0 cm. Modified CTA scan was performed on the donor site of ALTF before the operation, with the parameters of modified CTA being set to mainly reduce the tube voltage and tube current, and increase the contrast dose and the dual phase scan. The acquired image data were sent to GE AW 4.7 workstation and adopted the volume reconstruction function for visual reconstruction and evaluation of the whole perforator. The information of perforator and source artery was marked on the body surface before operation according to the above evaluation. During the operation, an eccentric flap centered on the visible superficial fascia whole perforator was designed and cut according to the desired flap area and shape. The donor sites of the flap were repaired by direct sutures or full-thickness skin grafts. The total radiation dose was compared between the modified CTA scan and the traditional CTA scan. The distribution of outlet point of perforator of double thighs, the length and direction of superficial fascia perforators based modified CTA were recorded. The type, number, and origin of the target perforator, distribution of of outlet point of perforator, and the diameter, course, and branch of the source artery observed before the operation were compared with those observed during the operation. The healing of donor site wound and the survival of flaps in recipient site were observed after operation. The texture and appearance of flap, oral and upper limb functions, and the functions of femoral donor sites were followed up. Results: The total radiation dose of modified CTA scan was lower than that of the traditional CTA scan. A total of 48 perforators of double thighs were observed, among which, 31 (64.6%) perforators went outward and downward, 9 (18.8%) perforators went inward and downward, 6 (12.5%) perforators went outward and upward, and 2 (4.2%) perforators went inward and upward, and the average length of superficial fascia perforators was 19.94 mm. The preoperative observed type, number, and source of the perforator, the distribution of the outlet point of the perforator, diameter, course, and branches of the source artery were basically consistent with the intraoperative exploration. The types of 15 septocutaneous (including musculoseptocutaneous) perforators and 10 musculocutaneous perforators observed before the operation was consistent with intraoperative exploration. The distance between the mark of the surface perforator point and the actual exit point of the perforator during operation was (0.38±0.11) mm. All flaps survived without vascular crisis. The donor site wounds of 5 cases of skin grafting and 17 cases of direct suturing wounds healed well. The postoperative follow-up was 2 months to 1 year, with an average of 8.2 months, the flaps were soft and slightly bloated; the function of diet and mouth closing was accessible in patients with oral and maxillofacial tumors, the speech function was mildly impaired in patients with tongue cancer, but they could complete basic oral communication; the wrist and elbow joints and forearm rotation function were not significantly limited in patients with upper limb soft tissue injuries; there was no obvious tightness in the donor sites, and the function of the hip and knee joints was not limited. Conclusions: The whole perforator and even the subcutaneous perforator of the donor site of ALTF can be evaluated by modified CTA, and the flap can be used in oral or maxillofacial reconstruction and repair of skin and soft tissue defects of upper limbs to achieve good results. By clarifying the type, number, and source of the perforator, the distribution of the outlet point of the perforator, diameter, course, and branches of the source artery before the operation, the eccentric design of the ALTF based on the superficial fascia perforator was realized. This study has strong guiding value.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Middle Aged , Adult , Aged , Thigh , Computed Tomography Angiography , Prospective Studies , Subcutaneous Tissue , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
5.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 216-221, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970270

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify the risk factors in mortality of pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome (PARDS) in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). Methods: Second analysis of the data collected in the "efficacy of pulmonary surfactant (PS) in the treatment of children with moderate to severe PARDS" program. Retrospective case summary of the risk factors of mortality of children with moderate to severe PARDS who admitted in 14 participating tertiary PICU between December 2016 to December 2021. Differences in general condition, underlying diseases, oxygenation index, and mechanical ventilation were compared after the group was divided by survival at PICU discharge. When comparing between groups, the Mann-Whitney U test was used for measurement data, and the chi-square test was used for counting data. Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curves were used to assess the accuracy of oxygen index (OI) in predicting mortality. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to identify the risk factors for mortality. Results: Among 101 children with moderate to severe PARDS, 63 (62.4%) were males, 38 (37.6%) were females, aged (12±8) months. There were 23 cases in the non-survival group and 78 cases in the survival group. The combined rates of underlying diseases (52.2% (12/23) vs. 29.5% (23/78), χ2=4.04, P=0.045) and immune deficiency (30.4% (7/23) vs. 11.5% (9/78), χ2=4.76, P=0.029) in non-survival patients were significantly higher than those in survival patients, while the use of pulmonary surfactant (PS) was significantly lower (8.7% (2/23) vs. 41.0% (32/78), χ2=8.31, P=0.004). No significant differences existed in age, sex, pediatric critical illness score, etiology of PARDS, mechanical ventilation mode and fluid balance within 72 h (all P>0.05). OI on the first day (11.9(8.3, 17.1) vs.15.5(11.7, 23.0)), the second day (10.1(7.6, 16.6) vs.14.8(9.3, 26.2)) and the third day (9.2(6.6, 16.6) vs. 16.7(11.2, 31.4)) after PARDS identified were all higher in non-survival group compared to survival group (Z=-2.70, -2.52, -3.79 respectively, all P<0.05), and the improvement of OI in non-survival group was worse (0.03(-0.32, 0.31) vs. 0.32(-0.02, 0.56), Z=-2.49, P=0.013). ROC curve analysis showed that the OI on the thind day was more appropriate in predicting in-hospital mortality (area under the curve= 0.76, standard error 0.05,95%CI 0.65-0.87,P<0.001). When OI was set at 11.1, the sensitivity was 78.3% (95%CI 58.1%-90.3%), and the specificity was 60.3% (95%CI 49.2%-70.4%). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that after adjusting for age, sex, pediatric critical illness score and fluid load within 72 h, no use of PS (OR=11.26, 95%CI 2.19-57.95, P=0.004), OI value on the third day (OR=7.93, 95%CI 1.51-41.69, P=0.014), and companied with immunodeficiency (OR=4.72, 95%CI 1.17-19.02, P=0.029) were independent risk factors for mortality in children with PARDS. Conclusions: The mortality of patients with moderate to severe PARDS is high, and immunodeficiency, no use of PS and OI on the third day after PARDS identified are the independent risk factors related to mortality. The OI on the third day after PARDS identified could be used to predict mortality.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Child, Preschool , Infant , Child , Critical Illness , Pulmonary Surfactants/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn/therapy
6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1144-1148, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976485

ABSTRACT

With the rapid development and widespread implementation of all types of ophthalmic surgery, more attention is being paid to the quality of post-operative vision. Dry eye is a common complication after ophthalmic surgery, often causing eye discomfort, blurred vision and other dry eye symptoms. Ophthalmic surgery-related dry eye is a common type of dry eye and is usually caused by a combination of surgical injury to the conjunctival tissue and nerves, destabilisation of the tear film, postoperative inflammatory reaction and perioperative topical medication. This article reviews the risk factors for ophthalmic surgery-related dry eye, the pathogenesis of dry eye due to different ophthalmic surgeries and the prevention of this type of dry eye, with the aim of reducing the occurrence and development of ophthalmic surgery-related dry eye and improving the quality of vision and life after ophthalmic surgery in the clinical setting.

7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2989-2999, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981445

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to comprehensively characterize and identify the chemical components in traditional Chinese medicine Psoraleae Fructus by establishing an ultra-high performance liquid chromatography/quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS) method in combination with in-house library. The chromatographic separation conditions(stationary phase, column temperature, mobile phase, and elution gradient) and key MS monitoring parameters(capillary voltage, nozzle voltage, and fragmentor) were sequentially optimized via single-factor experiments. A BEH C_(18) column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm) was finally adopted, with the mobile phase consisting of 0.1% formic acid in water(A) and acetonitrile(B) at the flow rate of 0.4 mL·min~(-1) and column temperature of 30 ℃. Auto MS/MS was utilized for data acquisition in both positive and negative ion modes. By comparison with reference compounds, analysis of the MS~2 fragments, in-house library retrieval and literature research, 83 compounds were identified or tentatively characterized from Psoraleae Fructus, including 58 flavonoids, 11 coumarins, 4 terpenoid phenols, and 10 others. Sixteen of them were identified by comparison with reference compounds, and ten compounds may have not been reported from Psoraleae Fructus. This study achieved a rapid qualitative analysis on the chemical components in Psoraleae Fructus, which provided useful reference for elucidating its material basis and promoting the quality control.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Cell Cycle , Coumarins
8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1899-1907, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981409

ABSTRACT

To study the quality control of three traditional Chinese medicines derived from Gleditsia sinensis [Gleditsiae Sinensis Fructus(GSF), Gleditsiae Fructus Abnormalis(GFA), and Gleditsiae Spina(GS)], this paper established a multiple reaction monitoring(MRM) approach based on ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-triple quadrupole-linear ion-trap mass spectrometry(UHPLC-Q-Trap-MS). Using an ACQUITY UPLC BEH C_(18) column(2.1 mm × 100 mm, 1.7 μm), gradient elution was performed at 40 ℃ with water containing 0.1% formic acid-acetonitrile as the mobile phase running at 0.3 mL·min~(-1), and the separation and content determination of ten chemical constituents(e.g., saikachinoside A, locustoside A, orientin, taxifolin, vitexin, isoquercitrin, luteolin, quercitrin, quercetin, and apigenin) in GSF, GFA, and GS were enabled within 31 min. The established method could quickly and efficiently determine the content of ten chemical constituents in GSF, GFA, and GS. All constituents showed good linearity(r>0.995), and the average recovery rate was 94.09%-110.9%. The results showed that, the content of two alkaloids in GSF(2.03-834.75 μg·g~(-1)) was higher than that in GFA(0.03-10.41 μg·g~(-1)) and GS(0.04-13.66 μg·g~(-1)), while the content of eight flavonoids in GS(0.54-2.38 mg·g~(-1)) was higher than that in GSF(0.08-0.29 mg·g~(-1)) and GFA(0.15-0.32 mg·g~(-1)). These results provide references for the quality control of G. sinensis-derived TCMs.


Subject(s)
Flavonoids/analysis , Alkaloids , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Mass Spectrometry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal
9.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 214-218, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991730

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of amisulpride in the treatment of schizophrenia.Methods:Ninety patients with schizophrenia admitted to Quzhou Third Hospital from August 2020 to March 2022 were included in this study. They were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group ( n = 45/group). The control group was treated with olanzapine, and the observation group was treated with amisulpride. All patients were treated for 8 consecutive weeks. Total response rate, Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale score, Clinical Global Impression Scale-Severity of Illness score, glucose and lipid metabolism indicators, Treatment Emergent Symptom Scale score, and adverse reactions were compared between the two groups. Results:Total response rate was 88.89% (40/45) in the control group and 93.33% (42/45) in the observation group. There was no significant difference in total response rate between the two groups ( χ2 = 0.14, P > 0.05). After treatment, the PANSS score [(52.14 ± 3.99) points] and CGI-S score [(3.05 ± 0.86) points] in the observation group were significantly lower than (56.38 ± 4.05) points and (4.34 ± 0.92) points in the control group ( t = 5.00, 6.87, both P < 0.001). The levels of fasting plasma glucose [(5.25 ± 0.33) mmol/L], total cholesterol [(4.08 ± 0.67) mmol/L], triglyceride [(1.29 ± 0.35) mmol/L], and low density lipoprotein-cholesterol [(2.60 ± 0.31) mmol/L] in the observation group were significantly lower compared with the control group [(6.02 ± 0.51) mmol/L, (4.71 ± 0.59) mmol/L, (1.61 ± 0.26) mmol/L, (2.91 ± 0.34) mmol/L, t = 8.50, 3.61, 4.92, 4.52, all P < 0.001]. High density lipoprotein-cholesterol level in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group [(1.57 ± 0.36) mmol/L vs. (1.18 ± 0.42) mmol/L t = -4.73, P < 0.001]. Treatment Emergent Symptom Scale score in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group [(2.39 ± 0.58) points vs. (2.87 ± 0.62) points, t = 3.79, P < 0.05]. The incidences of drowsiness [6.67% (3/45)], constipation [8.89% (4/45)], and weight gain [2.22% (1/45)] in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group [73.33% (33/45), 28.89% (13/45), 17.78% (8/45), χ2 = 4.14, 4.64, 4.44, P < 0.05]. Conclusion:The efficacy of sulfapride in the treatment of schizophrenia is equivalent to that of olanzapine. Sulfapride is better than olanzapine in improving symptoms and reducing disease severity and has better safety.

10.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 367-375, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991150

ABSTRACT

Claudin18.2(CLDN18.2)is a tight junction protein that is overexpressed in a variety of solid tumors such as gastrointestinal cancer and oesophageal cancer.It has been identified as a promising target and a potential biomarker to diagnose tumor,evaluate efficacy,and determine patient prognosis.TST001 is a recombinant humanized CLDN18.2 antibody that selectively binds to the extracellular loop of human Claudin18.2.In this study,we constructed a solid target radionuclide zirconium-89(89Zr)labled-TST001 to detect the expression of in the human stomach cancer BGC823CLDN18.2 cell lines.The[89Zr]Zr-des-ferrioxamine(DFO)-TST001 showed high radiochemical purity(RCP,>99%)and specific activity(24.15±1.34 GBq/μmol),and was stable in 5%human serum albumin,and phosphate buffer saline(>85%RCP at 96 h).The EC50 values of TST001 and DFO-TST001 were as high as 0.413±0.055 and 0.361±0.058 nM(P>0.05),respectively.The radiotracer had a significantly higher average standard uptake values in CLDN18.2-positive tumors than in CLDN18.2-negative tumors(1.11±0.02 vs.0.49±0.03,P=0.0016)2 days post injection(p.i.).BGC823CLDN18.2 mice models showed high tumor/muscle ratios 96 h p.i.with[89Zr]Zr-DFO-TST001 was much higher than those of the other imaging groups.Immunohistochemistry results showed that BGC823CLDN18.2 tumors were highly positive(+++)for CLDN18.2,while those in the BGC823 group did not express CLDN18.2(-).The results of ex vivo biodistribution studies showed that there was a higher distribution in the BGC823CLDN18.2 tumor bearing mice(2.05±0.16%ID/g)than BGC823 mice(0.69±0.02%ID/g)and blocking group(0.72±0.02%ID/g).A dosimetry estimation study showed that the effective dose of[89Zr]Zr-DFO-TST001 was 0.0705 mSv/MBq,which is within the range of acceptable doses for nuclear medicine research.Taken together,these re-sults suggest that Good Manufacturing Practices produced by this immuno-positron emission tomog-raphy probe can detect CLDN18.2-overexpressing tumors.

11.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 908-920, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970562

ABSTRACT

To clarify the content characteristics of the main active components and mineral elements of Cynomorium songaricum under different habitat conditions, and further explore the relationship between the quality of C. songaricum and habitats, this study took C. songaricum from 25 different habitats in China as the research object, and measured the contents of 8 main active components and 12 mineral elements separately. Diversity analysis, correlation analysis, principal component analysis and cluster analysis were carried out. The results showed that the genetic diversity of total flavonoids, ursolic acid, ether extract, potassium(K), phosphorus(P) and zinc(Zn) in C. songaricum was high. The coefficient of variation of crude polysaccharide, ether extract, gallic acid, protocatechuic aldehyde, catechin, epicatechin, calcium(Ca), sodium(Na), magnesium(Mg), sulfur(S), iron(Fe), manganese(Mn), selenium(Se) and nickel(Ni) were all over 36%, indicating that the quality of C. songaricum was significantly affected by habitats. There were strong synergistic and weak antagonistic effects among the contents of the 8 active components, and complex antagonistic and synergistic effects among the contents of the 12 mineral elements. Principal component analysis revealed that crude polysaccharide, ursolic acid, catechin, epicatechin and total flavonoids could be used as the characteristic components to evaluate the quality of C. songaricum, and Na, copper(Cu), Mn and Ni were the characteristic elements to evaluate the quality of C. songaricum. In cluster ana-lysis, the second group with the main active components as cluster center had better quality in terms of the content of active substances, and the second group with the mineral elements as cluster center had higher utilization potential in the exploitation of mineral elements. This study could provide a basis for resource evaluation and breeding of excellent varieties of C. songaricum in different habitats, and provide a reference for cultivation and identification of C. songaricum.


Subject(s)
Cynomorium , Catechin , Plant Breeding , Selenium , Ethers , Ethyl Ethers , Flavonoids , Plant Extracts
12.
International Journal of Pediatrics ; (6): 767-772, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954118

ABSTRACT

Despite recent advances in pediatric chronic cholestatic diseases, the causes and effective therapies remain elusive, and many patients progress to liver failure and need liver transplantation.Malnutrition is a common complication in these patients and is a well-recognized, tremendous challenge for the clinician.The malnutrition and failure to thrive are associated with increased risks of morbidity and mortality, and they also affect the outcomes of liver transplantation, including long-term survival.Malnutrition in children with chronic cholestatic disease is multifactorial and with multiple potential nutritional deficiencies.Supplemental feeding, including medium-chain triglycerides, essential fatty acids, branched-chain amino acids.In order to improve the life expectancy and quality of life of children with chronic liver disease, this paper reviews ways to address the nutritional needs for specific cause of malnutrition in children.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1448-1451, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924762

ABSTRACT

Two new labdane diterpenoids were isolated from 95% ethanol extract of the leaves of Callicarpa formosana Rolfe by using silica gel column, MCI column, ODS column and HPLC. Their structures were elucidated by HR-ESI-MS, NMR and ECD spectral data. All of them are new compounds, named 13E-6β-hydroxylabda-8(17),13-dien-15-oic acid (1) and 13E-7α-hydroxylabda-8(17),13-dien-15-oic acid (2). Compounds 1 and 2 were tested for antioxidant activity, and none of them had obvious activity.

14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 737-743, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939681

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the prognostic significance of dynamic detection of minimal residual disease (MRD) in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) by 8-color flow cytometry.@*METHODS@#MRD of 282 AML patients who achieved remission after initial therapy was detected by 8-color flow cytometry. MRD threshold for predicting recurrence was determined by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, and time from MRD-positive to clinical recurrence was analyzed. The differences in overall survival (OS) time and relapse-free survival (RFS) time of patients with different MRD-changes were compared, and the related factors of recurrence in patients with MRD-negative were analyzed by univariate and logistic regression analysis.@*RESULTS@#ROC curve determined that the MFC-MRD threshold for predicting the recurrence of AML was 0.105%, and the recurrence rate of MRD-positive patients was significantly higher than that of MRD-negative patients [52.45% (75/143 cases) vs 35.97% (50/139 cases), P=0.005]. The patients in MRD persistent positive group and negative to positive group recurred earlier than those in positive to negative group and negative-positive fluctuation group (P<0.005). Survival analysis showed that OS and RFS time of patients with MRD persistent positive were significantly shorter than those of patients with MRD persistent negative, positive to negative, and negative-positive fluctuation (P<0.005). There was no significant difference in OS and RFS between MRD negative to positive group and MRD persistent positive group (P>0.005), either between MRD persistent negative group and MRD positive to negative group (P>0.005). Among 139 MRD-negative patients, 50 recurred. Univariate and logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of recurrence increased with the increase of white blood cells level (95%CI: 1.000-1.013, P=0.045). The risk of recurrence in patients without hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) was 9.694 times higher than that in patients who received HSCT (95%CI: 1.720-54.651, P=0.010), and in the high-risk group was 5.848 times higher than that in the low-risk group (95%CI: 1.418-24.121, P=0.015).@*CONCLUSION@#The prognosis of AML patients with different MRD changes is significantly different. No matter MRD-positive or MRD-negative at the initial remission, dynamic detection of MRD after treatment is more helpful to accurately guide treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Flow Cytometry , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Neoplasm, Residual/diagnosis , Prognosis , Recurrence , Transplantation, Homologous
15.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 116-121, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933174

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic value of the combination of 18F-prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA) PET/CT and multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) in identifying the grade group of prostate cancer, using parameters derived from the two imaging modalities. Method:Prostate cancer patients diagnosed by histopathology and received 18F-PSMA PET/CT and mpMRI during September 2018 to May 2021 in our hospital were retrospectively studied. The median age was 68(64-75), with the median PSA level of 14.74(7.75-24.19)ng/mL. All patients received mpMRI before biopsy. On biopsy, 6(12.2%) patients had International Society of Urological Pathology grade group(ISUP GG) 1 diseases, 16(32.7%) had ISUP GG 2 diseases, 12(24.5%) had ISUP GG 3 diseases, and 15(10.9%) had ISUP GG 4 or 5 diseases. Patients were then divided into high-grade group (ISUP 4-5) and low-grade group(ISUP 1-3). The median age of patients in high-grade group and low-grade group were 65(62-76) and 71(65-74), respectively. The PSA level in high-grade group and low-grade group were 15.11(6.63-42.86) ng/ml and 12.31(7.94-18.25) ng/ml, respectively. No significant differences were found in age and PSA level between the two groups ( P=0.334, P=0.448). All patients underwent 18F-PSMA PET/CT within 4 weeks after biopsy. The maximum standardized uptake value(SUV max) and the minimum apparent diffusion coefficient(ADC min)were recorded, and the ratio of SUV max/ ADC minwere calculated. The correlation between the above parameters and ISUP grade group were analyzed.The diagnostic value of the parameters was evaluated by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results:The data of 49 patients were analyzed. The average ADC minwas (0.57±0.16)×10 -3 mm 2/s, with the average SUV max and SUV max/ADC min of 15.30±12.54 and (29.69±23.72)×10 3, respectively. Statistical differences were found in SUV max ( P=0.012) and SUV max/ADC min ( P=0.002) between the high- and low-grade groups, while ADC min ( P=0.411) showed no statistical differences between the two groups. Significant positive correlations were found between SUV max(r=0.501, P<0.001), SUV max/ADC min (r=0.527, P<0.001) and ISUP grade group, respectively. There was a negative correlation between ADC min and ISUP grade group (r=-0.296, P=0.039). SUV max/ADC min was the best index to distinguish high-grade group from low-grade group prostate cancer with the area under the curve(AUC) of 0.749. In contrast, the AUC of SUV maxand ADC min were 0.731 and 0.615, respectively. The diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of SUV max/ADC min were 73.3% and 85.3%, respectively, with a critical value of 37.23×10 3. Conclusion:The combination use of 18F-PSMA PET/CT and mpMRI could improve the diagnostic efficiency for prostate cancer, compared to either modality alone. The ratio of SUV max/ADC min has a positive correlation with ISUP grade group, and is a promising index for distinguishing the high-grade prostate cancer from low-grade cancer.

16.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 136-144, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931240

ABSTRACT

Comprehensive characterization of metabolites and metabolic profiles in plasma has considerable sig-nificance in determining the efficacy and safety of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM)in vivo.However,this process is usually hindered by the insufficient characteristic fragments of metabolites,ubiquitous matrix interference,and complicated screening and identification procedures for metabolites.In this study,an effective strategy was established to systematically characterize the metabolites,deduce the metabolic pathways,and describe the metabolic profiles of bufadienolides isolated from Venenum Bufonis in vivo.The strategy was divided into five steps.First,the blank and test plasma samples were injected into an ultra-high performance liquid chromatography/linear trap quadrupole-orbitrap-mass spectrometry(MS)system in the full scan mode continuously five times to screen for valid matrix compounds and metabolites.Second,an extension-mass defect filter model was established to obtain the targeted precursor ions of the list of bufadienolide metabolites,which reduced approximately 39%of the interfering ions.Third,an acquisition model was developed and used to trigger more tandem MS(MS/MS)fragments of precursor ions based on the targeted ion list.The acquisition mode enhanced the acquisition capability by approximately four times than that of the regular data-dependent acquisition mode.Fourth,the acquired data were imported into Compound Discoverer software for identification of metabolites with metabolic network prediction.The main in vivo metabolic pathways of bufadienolides were elucidated.A total of 147 metabolites were characterized,and the main biotransformation reactions of bufadienolides were hydroxylation,dihydroxylation,and isomerization.Finally,the main prototype bufadienolides in plasma at different time points were determined using LC-MS/MS,and the metabolic profiles were clearly identified.This strategy could be widely used to elucidate the metabolic profiles of TCM preparations or Chinese patent medicines in vivo and provide critical data for rational drug use.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1792-1800, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929421

ABSTRACT

Silk fibroin is a natural polymer with certain water solubility, structural modification, good biocompatibility and biodegradability, which can be used as a drug delivery carrier material. As a promising drug delivery system, drug-loaded silk fibroin nanoparticles can control drug release, reduce toxicity and improve therapeutic effects. In this paper, the basic characteristics of silk fibroin, the preparation methods of drug-loaded silk fibroin nanoparticles and the application of silk fibroin in nanoparticulate drug delivery systems are reviewed, and on this basis, the further development of drug-loaded silk fibroin nanoparticles is prospected.

18.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 919-924, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957315

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of 18F-PSMA PET/CT-derived prostate specific membrane antigen(PSMA)expression parameters, including maximum standardize uptake value(SUV max), PSMA receptor expressing tumor volume(PSMA-TV), and total lesion PSMA receptor expression(TL-PSMA), in predicting the risk of metastasis in elderly prostate cancer patients aged 60 years and older. Methods:Clinical data of 39 patients with prostate cancer diagnosed in our hospital from January 2019 to May 2021 and imaging data of 18F-PSMA PET/CT before treatment were analyzed retrospectively.PSMA-TV and TL-PSMA of primary tumor tissue were calculated from PET/CT images with 40% of the SUV max as the threshold value.The influence of 18F-PSMA PET/CT on clinical TNM staging was evaluated.The Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare the differences in values of various indicators between the groups with or without metastasis, including the total prostate-specific antigen(tPSA)level, Gleason score and PSMA expression parameters.The correlation of PSMA expression parameters with tPSA and Gleason score was analyzed.The area under the receiver operating characteristic(ROC)curve(AUC)was used to determine the predictive ability of different indicators for the risk of prostate cancer metastasis, and multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to screen for independent predictors of prostate cancer metastasis. Results:The Gleason score of 39 prostate cancer patients(median age: 67 years, age range: 60-83 years)was 7.0(7.0, 8.0), and the median prostate specific antigen(PSA)level was 14.83(7.37, 30.93)μg/L.There were 11 cases(28.2%)with metastasis(the metastasis group), and 28 cases(71.8%)without metastasis(the non-metastasis group). Based on PET/CT, the clinical N and M stages of five patients(12.8%)were changed, but two cases(5.1%)with pelvic lymph node metastasis were missed.The median ages of the metastasis group and the non-metastasis group were 63(60-79)years and 69(60-83)years, respectively, and the difference was not statistically significant( P=0.115). The metastasis group and the non-metastasis group had tPSA levels at 54.0(9.9, 75.8)μg/L and 10.2(6.8, 22.8)μg/L, the SUV max at 29.1(16.8, 35.3)and 7.7(6.0, 13.6), the PSMA-TV at 41.5(22.4, 90.9)cm 3 and 6.8(3.6, 9.3)cm 3, TL-PSMA at 279(139.7, 996.4)and 25.5(15.9, 37.0), Gleason scores at 8.0(7.0, 8.0)and 7.0(7.0, 8.0), respectively.There were statistically significant differences in tPSA( Z=-2.528, P=0.011), SUV max( Z=-4.151, P<0.001), PSMA-TV( Z=-3.995, P<0.001)and TL-PSMA( Z=-4.213, P<0.001)between the two groups.SUV max( r=0.537, P<0.01), PSMA-TV( r=0.496, P<0.01)and TL-PSMA( r=0.508, P<0.01)were all positively correlated with tPSA.Furthermore, SUV max( r=0.547, P<0.01), PSMA-TV( r=0.412, P<0.01)and TL-PSMA( r=0.433, P<0.01)were also positively correlated with Gleason score.ROC curve analysis showed that the AUCs of SUV max, PSMA-TV, TL-PSMA and tPSA in predicting prostate cancer metastasis were 0.932, 0.916, 0.938 and 0.763, respectively.Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that SUV max( OR=1.203, 95% CI: 1.001-1.445, P=0.049)was an independent predictor of prostate cancer metastasis. Conclusions:These PSMA expression parameters of 18F-PSMA PET/CT have a good value in predicting the risk of metastasis in elderly prostate cancer patients, and SUV maxmay serve as a potential molecular imaging indicator to independently predict prostate cancer metastasis.

19.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 823-830, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957074

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the anatomical and clinical effects of lateral-perineal approach in treating the fracture of inferior ramus of pubis-ischium ramus.Methods:The lateral approach of the perineum was simulated on 10 side of 5 intact wet adult cadavers to determine the surface symbols of incision design and to expose the operative field of the approach and to observe the anatomical characteristics of the perineal branch of the posterior femoral cutaneous nerve and the incision of the surgical approach. Five points were selected at the incision of the approach. The distance (L 1-L 5) between each point and the body surface projection of the perineal branch of the posterior femoral cutaneous nerve was measured. A total of 11 patients, including 5 males and 6 females with an average age of 41.55±14.32 years, ranging from 18 to 62 years, were treated by this approach in clinical practice. All patients had a reduction and fixation to the fracture of inferior ramus of pubis-ischium ramus. The operation duration, incision length, intraoperative blood loss and surgical complications were recorded. The quality of fracture reduction was evaluated according to Matta radiographic criteria. The strength of the adductor was measured. The pelvic function was evaluated according to Majeed Pelvic Score at the last follow-up. Results:Anatomical studies shown that the line between the two points. One point was 4 cm lateral to the level of the apex of the pubic arch. Another point was 4 cm from the ischial tubercle on the line from the ischial tuberosity to the point that 4 cm lateral to the level of the apex of the pubic arch was the axis of the approach lateral of the perineum. Anatomical studies showed that the lateral-perineal approach could expose the range from pubic symphysis to sciatic tuberculum. The distance between the points selected at the incision of the approach and the body surface projection of the perineal branch of the posterior femoral cutaneous nerve: L 1 was 19.40±1.17 mm, ranging from 18 to 21 mm; L 2 was 16.60±2.76 mm, ranging from 10 to 20 mm; L 3 was 18.30±1.89 mm, ranging from 16 to 21 mm; L 4 was 19.20±1.93 mm, ranging from 16 to 22 mm; L 5 was 14.70±1.83 mm, ranging from 13 to 18 mm. All patients were followed up for 17.91±4.09 months, ranging from 13 to 26 months. The incision length was 8.18±0.98 cm, ranging from 7 to 10 cm. The operation duration was 59.64±12.17 min, ranging from 43 to 85 min. The intraoperative blood loss was 100 ml, ranging from 50 to 130 ml. All incisions were healed in all patients. The fractures were healed in 13.36±2.06 weeks, ranging from 10 to 16 weeks. According to Matta radiographic criteria, the quality of fracture reduction was excellent in 6 cases, good in 4 cases and fair in 1 case. At the last follow-up, the adductor muscle strength reached grade 4 in 4 patients and grade 5 in 7 patients. Furthermore, according to the Majeed Pelvic Score, the score of every patient was 86.55±9.59, ranging from 66 to 100, and 8 cases were excellent, 3 cases were good at the last follow-up. The heterotopic ossification occurred in 2 patients, the pain during intercourse occurred in 2 patients. No patient had sensory disturbance or pain in the perineal area. Conclusion:A certain safe distance is between the lateral to the perineum and the perineal branch of the posterior femoral cutaneous nerve with limited risk of injuring posterior femoral cutaneous nerve via the lateral approach of the perineum. The advantages in treating the fracture of inferior ramus of pubis-ischium ramus by this approach have concealed incision, short operation duration and less bleeding with satisfied short-term clinical effects.

20.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1441-1445, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940000

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the influence of K-115 on the proliferation and migration of human Tenon's fibroblasts(HTFs)and to access the possible mechanism. Furthermore, to provide new ideas for anti-scar treatment after glaucoma surgery.METHODS: The Tenon capsule tissues were collected from patients who underwent glaucoma surgery in Hebei General Hospital from September 2018 to September 2019. Primary culture of HTFs was performed by tissue block method. The transforming growth factor-β1(TGF-β1)was used to induce HTFs activation that can mimic glaucoma filtration surgery. The cells were treated with K-115 and divided into 4 groups: the control group was treated with dimethyl sulfoxide(DMSO); TGF-β1 group was treated with 10μg/L TGF-β1 for 24h; TGF-β1 +5 K-115 group was pretreated with 5μmol/L K-115 for 2h and then treated with 10μg/L TGF-β1 for 24h; TGF-β1+10 K-115 group was pretreated with 10μmol/L K-115 for 2h and then 10μg/L TGF-β1 was added for 24h. Cell proliferation was observed by cell proliferation experiment. The migration ability of cells was detected by scratch test. The formation of autophagosomes was observed by transmission electron microscopy. Apoptosis was visualized by Hoechst 33342/PI staining.RESULTS: Cell proliferation experiment revealed that K-115 could inhibit the proliferation of HTFs induced by TGF-β1. Scratch test suggested that K-115 could inhibit the migration of HTFs induced by TGF-β1. Transmission electron microscope results showed that K-115 could enhance autophagy of HTFs induced by TGF-β1. Hoechst 33342/PI staining suggested that K-115 did not induce apoptosis.CONCLUSIONS: K-115 may regulate the proliferation and migration of HTFs induced by TGF-β1 by increasing autophagy rather than inducing apoptosis.

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