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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878733

ABSTRACT

Median arcuate ligament syndrome(MALS)is compression of the celiac trunk by the median arcuate ligament.Median arcuate ligament release is the corner stone for the surgical treatment of MALS.Open surgery,laparoscopic surgery,and robot-assisted surgery have been developed,among which laparoscopic surgery has been proposed as the preferred approach in view of its minimal trauma and short hospital stay.Auxiliary celiac plexus neurolysis could further alleviate the patient's discomfort.Moreover,vascular reconstitution is of vital importance in the case of persistent stenosis in the celiac artery despite of median arcuate ligament decompression.Vascular reconstruction has satisfactory long-term patency rate,while endovascular treatment is less invasive.This article aims to summarize the consensuses and advances and shed light on the surgical treatment of MALS.


Subject(s)
Celiac Artery/surgery , Constriction, Pathologic/surgery , Decompression, Surgical , Humans , Laparoscopy , Ligaments/surgery , Median Arcuate Ligament Syndrome/surgery
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776041

ABSTRACT

Atherosclerosis-related diseases have increasingly become health concerns with the increased living conditions and aging.Globally,about 200 million people have suffered from arteriosclerosis obliterans(ASO),which can even be life-threatening in some cases.The past seven decades have witnessed the rapid advances in the treatment of ASO,which has developed from surgery to endovascular interventions including plain balloon angioplasty,bare metal stent placement,drug-coated balloon,and drug-eluting stent.However,the roles of these new techniques for femoral-popliteal lesions,especially their real-world clinical outcomes and indications,remain unclear.This article reviews the latest evidences on the use of drug-eluting devices in treating femoral-popliteal arteriosclerosis obliterans.


Subject(s)
Angioplasty, Balloon , Arteriosclerosis Obliterans , Therapeutics , Drug-Eluting Stents , Humans , Popliteal Artery , Pathology , Stents , Treatment Outcome
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690310

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the change of serum matrix metalloproteinases-9 (MMP-9) expression before,during,and after carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and to investigate the prognostic role of MMP-9. Methods Forty carotid stenosis patients who underwent CEA in the Department of Vascular Surgery,Peking Union Medical College Hospital from February to September 2012 were enrolled in this study. Based on the findings of transcranial doppler monitoring,patients were divided into embolic-positive group and emboli-negative group. Serum samples were obtained from 40 consecutive patients undergoing CEA before operation (pre-op),before de-clamping,30 minutes after de-clamping,and 12 hours after operation (12-h post-op). MMP-9 expression was quantified using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and gelatin zymography. Student's t-test and chi-square test were used to compare the differences between these two groups. Results Of these 40 patients,microemboli were detected in 8 patients. The 12-h post-op MMP-9 level was significantly higher than the pre-op level in the emboli-positive group [(904.27±369.47)ng/ml vs. (333.88±126.32) ng/ml,t=4.132,P=0.001].However,there was no difference between pre-op and 12-h post-op MMP-9 levels in the emboli-negative group [(375.83±194.36) ng/ml vs. (472.74±271.21) ng/ml,t=-1.643,P=0.081]. Gelatin zymography also showed higher MMP-9 activity in the emboli-positive group than in the emboli-negative group. Conclusion Serum MMP-9 concentration remarkably increases 12 hours after CEA in patients with microemboli shedding,suggesting MMP-9 may be a potential biomarker for CEA-related cerebral ischemic injury.

4.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 890-894, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694005

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine whether endovascular simulation training in medical students may increase technical proficiency,enhance interest in vascular surgery. Methods We recruited 30 medical students from Pe-king Union Medical College prospectively. We gave these students an eight-week course with a structured curricu-lum comprised of weekly simulator sessions and theoretical lessons. A test of iliac artery balloon dilatation was con-ducted in pre-and post-course. Performance was assessed. Demographics and subjective survey data,including in-terest in vascular surgery were obtained pre-and post-course from the students too. Results Parameters measured on the standardized global endovascular rating scale,including angiography skills,wire handling and interventional criteria as well as simulator-generated metrics such as fluoroscopy time and volume of contrast used significantly im-proved from pre-to post-course values for the medical students(P<0.05) All the students agreed or strongly agreed that the simulation course increased their interest in vascular surgery. Conclusions A simulation-based endovascu-lar course improves technical performance with interest in vascular surgery training of medical students. The simula-tor is quite potential in the medical students training.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289946

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the depression in arteriosclerosis obliterans (ASO) patients and its risk factors.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The self-rating depression scale (SDS) was applied in 228 ASO patients hospitalized in the vascular surgery department of Peking Union Medical College Hospital from March 2010 to October 2011. The risk factors of depression were analyzed by using univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of these 228 ASO patients, 133 (58.3%) were found to be depressive. Univariate and multivariate analysis showed that female (OR=0.15,95% CI:0.05-0.45), hypertension (OR=4.63,95% CI:1.90-11.29), coronary heart disease (OR=3.62,95%CI:1.43-9.18), as well as Fontaine 2a (OR=20.76,95% CI:3.21-134.28), 2b (OR=26.34,95% CI:4.20-164.97), 3(OR=192.28,95% CI:25.97-1423.51), and 4(OR=291.41,95% CI:28.67-2962.21) were the risk factors of depression in ASO patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>ASO patients can easily develop depression. Female, hypertension, coronary heart disease, and Fontaine 2a, 2b,3,and 4 are the risk factors of depression in ASO patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Arteriosclerosis Obliterans , Coronary Artery Disease , Depression , Female , Humans , Hypertension , Logistic Models , Multivariate Analysis , Risk Factors
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1611-1617, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-231725

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome is an important complication of carotid endarterectomy (CEA). An >100% increase in middle cerebral artery velocity (MCAV) after CEA is used to predict the cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome (CHS) development, but the accuracy is limited. The increase in blood pressure (BP) after surgery is a risk factor of CHS, but no study uses it to predict CHS. This study was to create a more precise parameter for prediction of CHS by combined the increase of MCAV and BP after CEA.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Systolic MCAV measured by transcranial Doppler and systematic BP were recorded preoperatively; 30 min postoperatively. The new parameter velocity BP index (VBI) was calculated from the postoperative increase ratios of MCAV and BP. The prediction powers of VBI and the increase ratio of MCAV (velocity ratio [VR]) were compared for predicting CHS occurrence.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Totally, 6/185 cases suffered CHS. The best-fit cut-off point of 2.0 for VBI was identified, which had 83.3% sensitivity, 98.3% specificity, 62.5% positive predictive value and 99.4% negative predictive value for CHS development. This result is significantly better than VR (33.3%, 97.2%, 28.6% and 97.8%). The area under the curve (AUC) of receiver operating characteristic: AUC(VBI) = 0.981, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.949-0.995; AUC(VR) = 0.935, 95% CI 0.890-0.966, P = 0.02.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The new parameter VBI can more accurately predict patients at risk of CHS after CEA. This observation needs to be validated by larger studies.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Blood Pressure , Physiology , Cerebrovascular Circulation , Physiology , Cerebrovascular Disorders , Endarterectomy, Carotid , Female , Hemodynamics , Physiology , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-329772

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the clinical efficacies of endovascular aortic repair(EVAR)and open surgical repair(OSR)for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm(rAAA).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 28 rAAA patients undergoing emergent treatment between February 2002 and February 2013 in PUMC Hospital were retrospectively reviewed. Among them 13 cases were treated by EVAR and 15 cases by OSR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Before the surgery,the general conditions,comorbidities,and hemodynamics were not significantly different between these two groups(all P>0.05),although the EVAR group had significantly higher mean age than OSR group(P=0.041). In the perioperative period,the EVAR group showed significantly lower 30-day mortality(P=0.044),less blood loss(P=0.005),less blood transfusion(P=0.003),less infusion quantity(P=0.000),shorter length of procedure(P=0.001),and shorter hospital stay(P=0.020). Also,the EVAR group had no severe perioperative complications and showed superior 1-year follow up survival(P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>EVAR is an effective treatment for rAAA and can improve the clinical outcomes. EVAR may be adopted as the first-line treatment for rAAA,especially for the aged.</p>


Subject(s)
Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal , General Surgery , Aortic Rupture , General Surgery , Humans , Length of Stay , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Vascular Surgical Procedures , Methods
8.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 504-507, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301259

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To determine the diagnostic value for predicting cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome (CHS) by adding a transcranial Doppler (TCD) measurement at the end of the carotid endarterectomy (CEA) at the operating room.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Patients who underwent CEA between August 2009 and December 2011 of the prospective clinical trial in whom both intra- and post-operative TCD monitoring were performed were included. The middle cerebral artery velocities pre-clamping, post-declamping and post-operatively were measured by TCD. The intra-operative velocity increase ratio (VR1) was compared to the postoperative velocity increase ratio(VR2) in relation to CHS by calculating the sensitivity,specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value. The receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) were also performed. The area under the curve (AUC) of ROC of VR1 and VR2 were compared.All the data were analyzed using SPSS 20.0 software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>VR1 > 100% was identified in 6 patients, while VR2 > 100% was identified in 18 patients, respectively. Ten patients were diagnosed with CHS. The AUC of VR2 (0.728) was higher than AUC of VR1 (0.636). The best fit cutoff point of VR2 was 100%. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value were 70%, 83%, 39%, 95%, respectively, which demonstrates a better predictive power than VR1.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Besides the commonly used intra-operative TCD monitoring, additional TCD measurement at the end of the carotid endarterectomy at the operating room is more useful to more accurately predict CHS.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cerebrovascular Circulation , Endarterectomy, Carotid , Female , Humans , Intraoperative Complications , Diagnostic Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Middle Cerebral Artery , Monitoring, Intraoperative , Predictive Value of Tests , Prospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Transcranial
9.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 800-803, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301208

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze risk factors for cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome (CHS) after carotid endarterectomy (CEA).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From September 2010 to September 2012, 183 consecutive patients with carotid artery stenosis who had indications for CEA entered the study. There were 149 male and 34 female patients, aged from 38 to 83 years with an average of (66 ± 9) years. Intracranial blood flow changes were monitored through transcranial Doppler routinely. Pre- and post-operative middle cerebral artery velocity (VMCA) were recorded. CHS was diagnosed by the combination of hyperperfusion syndrome and 100% increase of VMCA after operation compared with pre-operative baseline values. The patients who had CHS during hospitalization were recorded. Pre-operative and operative related factors were analyzed by univariate analysis, followed by Logistic regression model, to identify the risk factors of CHS.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Overall, CHS occurred in 15 patients (8.2%) after CEA. The average onset time was (2.6 ± 0.2) days after surgery. By decreasing blood pressure and using dehydration medicine, all the patients with CHS recovered before discharge. None of them developed to intracranial hemorrhage. On univariate analysis, significant risk factors for CHS were history of stoke, symptomatic carotid artery stenosis and shunting during operation. On Logistic regression model, independent risk factor was symptomatic carotid artery stenosis (OR = 6.733, 95%CI: 1.455-31.155, P = 0.015), while shunting during operation (OR = 0.252, 95%CI: 0.067-0.945, P = 0.041) was a protective factor.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Symptomatic carotid artery stenosis is an independent risk factor for CHS after CEA and shunting during operation is a protective factor. Using shunt may be an effective method of preventing CHS after CEA.</p>


Subject(s)
Carotid Stenosis , General Surgery , Endarterectomy, Carotid , Humans , Middle Cerebral Artery , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-284280

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the cell viabilities of vascular smooth muscle cells and vascular endothelial cells stimulated by cigarette smoke extract(CSE) .</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The CSE was prepared by smoke-bubbled phosphate buffered saline(PBS) generation.After culturing cells with different concentrations of CSE, we used the cell counting kit-8 to determine the cell viability.The expression levels of c-jun and cyclinD1 were analyzed through Western blot.The c-jun plasmid was transfected to detect the change of cyclinD1 expression.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The smooth muscle cell viability increased when the CSE concentration ranged 0.625%-10%, whereas the endothelial cells viability decreased when exposed to the CSE concentration. After exposure to CSE for 48 hours, there was no difference in c-jun expression between toxin group and PBS group;however, the expression of p-c-jun in the smooth muscle cells significantly increased in the toxin groups than in the PBS group(P<0.05) and the expression of p-c-jun in the vascular endothelial cells significantly decreased(P<0.05) . The level of cyclinD1 significantly increased after exposed to CSE, and its expression level also increased in respond to the c-jun overexpression.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>CSE can enhance the proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells and decrease in the activity of endothelial cells proliferation, which may be explained by the phosphorylation of c-jun and the expression of cyclinD1.</p>


Subject(s)
Cell Proliferation , Cell Survival , Cells, Cultured , Cyclin D1 , Metabolism , Endothelial Cells , Metabolism , Humans , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-jun , Metabolism , Tobacco
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