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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877598

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical therapeutic effect of electroacupuncture (EA) combined with tamsulosin hydrochloride sustained release capsule on chronic prostatitis (CP) of damp and heat stasis.@*METHODS@#A total of 70 patients with CP of damp and heat stasis were randomized into an acupuncture plus medication group (35 cases, 4 cases dropped off) and a medication group (35 cases, 5 cases dropped off). In the medication group, tamsulosin hydrochloride sustained release capsule was given orally, 0.2 mg a time, once each night. On the basis of treatment in the medication group, EA was applied at Guanyuan (CV 4), Sanyinjiao (SP 6) and Yinglingquan (SP 9), with disperse-dense wave, 5 mA in intensity for 30 min. Treatment for 30 days was as one course, and totally 3 courses were required in both groups. Before treatment, 1, 2, 3 months into treatment and at the follow-up of 2 months after treatment, the TCM syndrome score and National Institutes of Health chronic prostatitis symptom index (NIH-CPSI) score were observed, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated in both groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the TCM syndrome scores of 3 months into treatment and follow-up were decreased in the acupuncture plus medication group (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture combined with medication can improve the clinical symptoms in patients with CP of damp and heat stasis, and its therapeutic effect is superior to simple western medication.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Chronic Disease , Hot Temperature , Humans , Male , Prostatitis/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776655

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical value of droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) in rapid and accurate diagnosis of invasive fungal infection (IFI) in neonates.@*METHODS@#The highly conserved sequence of fungi 18S RNA was selected as the target sequence, and primers were designed to establish a ddPCR fungal detection system. Blood samples were collected from 83 neonates with high-risk factors for IFI and/or related clinical symptoms in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of a hospital in Shenzhen, China. Blood culture and ddPCR were used for fungal detection.@*RESULTS@#The ddPCR fungal detection system had a specificity of 100% and a sensitivity of 3.2 copies/μL, and had a good reproducibility. Among the 22 blood samples from neonates with a confirmed or clinical diagnosis of IFI, 19 were detected positive by ddPCR. Among the 61 blood samples from neonates who were suspected of IFI or had no IFI, 2 were detected positive by ddPCR.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The ddPCR technique can be used for the detection of neonatal IFI and is a promising tool for the screening and even diagnosis of neonatal IFI.


Subject(s)
China , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Invasive Fungal Infections , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reproducibility of Results
3.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 1276-1280, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818026

ABSTRACT

Objective The diagnosis of allergic diseases mainly relies on the allergen skin test or in vitro specific IgE test. This study was to explore the diagnostic efficiency of EUROLine and its application in southern China by reference to the standard method of the immunoenzymatic capsulated hydrophilic carrier polymer (ImmunoCAP).Methods Using the EUROLine system, we examined 12 common specific IgEs (sIgE) from 283 patients with multiple sensitizations in the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, including cockroach (i6), dog dander (e2), cat dander (e1), Mugwort (w6), ragweed (w1), dust mites (ds1), chicken protein (f1), milk (f2), crab (f23), shrimp (f24), peanut (f13) and soybean (f14).Results EUROLine showed that house dust mite allergens were the main aeroallergens in southern China, with a positive rate of 66.3%, while egg white had the highest positive rate (53.2%) in food allergens. The overall rate of the allergens detected by EUROLine was consistent to that of ImmunoCAP by 60.8%-90.1%, the positive rate by 63.3%-93.6%, and the negative rate by 54.5%-95.2%. The Kappa value of EUROLine was 0.203-0.702 in detecting each allergen and >0.6 with cat hair, egg white, peanut, milk and mugwort. The rank correlation coefficient between ImmunoCAP and EUROLine was >0.7 for dust mite combination, cat hair, mugwort, egg white, milk, peanut and crab allergens, with the highest consistency rate for egg white (93.17% \[191/205\]), the lowest for shrimp (70.83% \[170/240\]), and an overall consistency rate of 82.68% (1542/1865).Conclusion The EUROLine system has a high diagnostic performance, and it is inexpensive, efficient and applicable in the detection of allergens in southern China.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297235

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the fat emulsion tolerance in preterm infants of different gestational ages in the early stage after birth.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 98 preterm infants were enrolled and divided into extremely preterm infant group (n=17), early preterm infant group (n=48), and moderate-to-late preterm infant group (n=33). According to the dose of fat emulsion, they were further divided into low- and high-dose subgroups. The umbilical cord blood and dried blood filter papers within 3 days after birth were collected. Tandem mass spectrometry was used to measure the content of short-, medium-, and long-chain acylcarnitines.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The extremely preterm infant and early preterm infant groups had a significantly lower content of long-chain acylcarnitines in the umbilical cord blood and dried blood filter papers within 3 days after birth than the moderate-to-late preterm infant group (P<0.05), and the content was positively correlated with gestational age (P<0.01). On the second day after birth, the low-dose fat emulsion subgroup had a significantly higher content of short-, medium-, and long-chain acylcarnitines than the high-dose fat emulsion subgroup among the extremely preterm infants (P<0.05). In the early preterm infant and moderate-to-late preterm infant groups, there were no significant differences in the content of short-, medium-, and long-chain acylcarnitines between the low- and high-dose fat emulsion subgroups within 3 days after birth.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Compared with moderate-to-late preterm infants, extremely preterm infants and early preterm infants have a lower capacity to metabolize long-chain fatty acids within 3 days after birth. Early preterm infants and moderate-to-late preterm infants may tolerate high-dose fat emulsion in the early stage after birth, but extremely preterm infants may have an insufficient capacity to metabolize high-dose fat emulsion.</p>


Subject(s)
Carnitine , Blood , Fat Emulsions, Intravenous , Metabolism , Gestational Age , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Metabolism
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-333858

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical efficacy of low molecular weight heparin (Fraxiparine) in rescuing venous crisis of island skin flap.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Of the 73 patients with venous crisis of island skin flap, 47 received subcutaneous injection of low-molecular-weight heparin (group I) and 26 were treated with phlebotomy, local compression and topical application of unfractionated heparin solution gauze (group II).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The flap survival ratio was (88.46∓8.64)% in group I and (38.37∓6.53)% in group II (P<0.001). At 0, 2, and 4 h after injection of low-molecular-weight heparin, the activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) was obviously delayed (24.28∓6.71, 41.35∓7.64 and 32.34∓6.35, respectively, P<0.01), FXa:C level was significantly decreased (152.4∓30.7, 65.8∓24.4 and 83.4∓18.4, respectively, P<0.01), while FIIa:C level underwent no obvious alterations (155.70∓31.61, 143.20∓24.75, and 143.4∓23.35, respectively, P=NS).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Fraxiparine has good antithrombotic efficacy in rescuing venous crisis of island skin flap without adverse effect on systemic coagulation.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Nadroparin , Therapeutic Uses , Surgical Flaps , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-268816

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish a rat model of full-thickness skin defect to receive bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell transplantation for wound repair.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A full-thickness skin defect measuring 4 cmx4 cm in 36 F344 rats, which were divided into 3 groups with the wound covered with alloskin graft, acellular dermal matrix, or petrolatum gauze. In vitro cultured BMSCs in the 5th passage were transplanted into the skin defect, and the time of wound dressing dissociation and number of transplanted Brdu-positive cells in the wound were observed 14 days later.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The alloskin graft resulted in significantly longer time before dressing dissociation, with greater number of Brdu-positive cells in the wound than the other two wound dressings (P<0.001). The acellular dermal matrix showed better effect than petrolatum gauze in terms of the dressing dissociation time and the viable transplanted cell number in the wound.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Alloskin graft can be ideal for covering the wound surface to protect the transplanted BMSCs in rats.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Biology , Dermis , Transplantation , Female , Male , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Inbred F344 , Rats, Wistar , Skin , Wounds and Injuries , Transplantation, Homologous , Wound Healing , Physiology
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-255316

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of recombinant human epithelial growth factor (rhEGF) in promoting the healing of cervical erosion.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty-eight patients with cervical erosion were treated with rhEGF and 30 with 500 kHz high-frequency electromagnetic wave, and the effects of the therapies were compared in terms of healing of the cervical wound, healing time, volume of vaginal discharge and bleeding and the lasting time.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In comparison with radiofrequency therapy, the healing of the lesion took significantly shorter time with rhEGF therapy, which also resulted in less vaginal discharge that lasted for shorter time without causing vaginal bleeding.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>rhEGF can obviously accelerate the healing of cervical erosion.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Electromagnetic Phenomena , Epidermal Growth Factor , Genetics , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Recombinant Proteins , Therapeutic Uses , Treatment Outcome , Uterine Cervical Erosion , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Therapeutics , Wound Healing
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