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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690505

ABSTRACT

In order to explore appropriate measures to promote germination after the harvest of Epimedium pseudowushanense, 6-BA, urea, ammonium bicarbonate and GA₃ were chosen to spray on the root and rhizomes, and then the biological indicators such as branches, leaf length, leaf width, plant height and so on, were measured in different periods, and the contents of epimedin A, epimedin B, epimedin C and icariin in the dry leaves were detected by HPLC. Results showed that 6-BA 90 mg·L⁻¹(B1), 6-BA 60 mg·L⁻¹(B2),6-BA 30 mg·L⁻¹+urea 300 mg·L⁻¹ (C1), 6-BA 60 mg·L⁻¹+urea 300 mg·L⁻¹(C2),6-BA 60 mg·L⁻¹+ ammonium bicarbonate 300 mg·L⁻¹(C4) significantly increased bud germination in the early period, and the plants quickly set up new system of photosynthesis, the branches in a month of which were higher than the control group respectively by 165.9%, 115.76%, 103.86%, 104.50%, 81.67%.However the branches developed the next year and the dry weight of leaves per plant in group B1 and B2 were much lower than that in control group. The groups that use 6-BA and nitrogen at the same time reaped a good yield of leaves even though the treatment had no significant influence on the branches developed the next year. The dry weight of leaves of C1, C2, C4 treatments were 36.80%, 32.84%, 45.97% more than the control group respectively. Therefore, C1, C2 and C4 treatments are the more appropriate to promote recovery after harvest. Furthermore, different groups, except 10 mg·L⁻¹ 6-BA treatment significantly reduced the content of epimedin C, other groups didn't have any significant effect on the contents of such flavonoids.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338235

ABSTRACT

Nitrogen nutrition divided into concentrations and forms for Epimedium pseudowushanense was studied under hydroponic conditions. There were 7 nitrogen concentrations treatments(N0-N6)which nitrogen concentration was 0, 2.5, 5.0, 7.5, 10.0, 13.0 mmol•L⁻¹, respectively, and 5 nitrogen forms and proportions treatments (T1-T5) which NO3-N/NH4-N was 5∶0, 4∶1, 2.5∶2.5, 1∶4, 0∶5 respectively, the total nitrogen applied was 5 mmol•L⁻¹. The results showed that along with the increase of nitrogen concentration, biomass (dry weight) and leaf dry weight increased, which in N5 treatment was 29%, 23% higher than those in N0 and 36%, 23% higher than those in N4 respectively, but not significantly different from N6 treatment. Roots and stem dry weights did not change significantly. Pn and the contents of photosynthetic pigments were higher in N3-N5 treatments. Epimedin A, B, C, icariin and total flavonoids contents were the lowest in N3 treatment, suddenly increase in N4 treatment and only a little change between N4-N6 treatments. N5 treatment with the highest epimedin C content was 131% higher than N3 treatment with the lowest epimedin C content (P<0.05). While in the nitrogen forms and proportions treatments, biomass, leaf and stem dry weights were the highest in T3 treatment and lower in T1 and T5 treatments, without significance between T1 and T5 treatments. These indicators in T3 treatment were more than 30% higher than those in T1 treatment. The impact of nitrogen concentrations was greater than nitrogen forms on flavonoids. epmedin C content was the highest in T1 treatment, only 5%-8% higher than that in T2-T5 treatments (no significance between 4 treatments). Epimedin A, B, icariin and total flavonoids contents were higher in T1 treatment, the lowest in T2 treatment, those in T1 treatment was 41%, 62% and 27% higher than T2 treatment respectively (P<0.05). In a conclusion, E. pseudowushanense is a high nitrogen tolerant plant, 10.0 mmol•L⁻¹ was the boundary point between growing general to well and the optimal nitrogen concentration for it was 10.0-13.0 mmol•L⁻¹. Besides, it prefers to grow in NO-3 plus NH+4 and the optimal proportion was 2.5∶2.5.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250425

ABSTRACT

Epimedium is a widely used medicinal plants. Due to excessive use of wild resources and resource constraints, artificial cultivation is the only way to achieve sustainable use of resources. E. pseudowushannense is intended to achieve the first cultivated species, but plant production technology is not yet fully mature.The diurnal variation of photosynthetic and eco-physiological characteristics of E. pseudowushannense in different growing age was studied by the CI-340 Portable Photosynthesis System under natural conditions. The net photosynthetic rate (Pn), stomatal conductance (C), intercellular CO2 concentration (Ci), photosynthetically active radiation (PAR), relative humidity (RH), air temperature (Ta), apparent mesophyll conductance (ALMC), transpiration rate (E), leaf temperature (Tl), water use efficiency (WUE) and other photosynthetic physiological factors and environmental factors were measured. The obtained data was analyzed by correlation analysis, path analysis and stepwise multiple-regression analysis to explore the relationship between net photosynthetic rate and physiological and ecological factors. The results show that: ①The daily variation of the Pn, E, ALMC, C of E. pseudowushannense in different growing age took on"two peak type", the Pn was with an obvious midday depression phenomenon at noon.②The Pn, ALMC and C of annuals' were significantly higher than biennial or three-year; but the Ci was basically a three-year > biennial> annual.③The correlation analysis, path analysis and stepwise regression analysis showed that ALMC, Ci, Ta might played important role in the Pn and ranked as ALMC>Ci>Ta.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789279

ABSTRACT

To investigate health information standards application status in disease prevention and control institutions in Chinese medical reform demonstration area , and make analysis of ex-isting problems. [Methods] Part of the provincial, municipal disease prevention and control institutions were selected from Chinese medical reform demonstration area , and information from them collected through questionnaires. [Results] Of the 84 disease prevention and control institutions selected , 24.43%of in-stitutions had begun construction of information in accordance with health information standards issued by Ministry of Health.And the application rate was 32.11%for health information standards in the information system of the disease prevention and control institutions . [ Conclusion ] Health information standards has been used in disease prevention and control institutions for construction of information , but the applica-tion rate is low , and there have been remarkable differences found at different levels of disease prevention and control institutions .It is thought that application of health information standards should be further pro-moted and practiced in the disease prevention and control institutions .

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