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1.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 12-18, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881963

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence and influencing factors of work-related musculoskeletal disorders(WMSDs) in civil aviation flight attendants. METHODS: A total of 810 flight attendants from three civil aviation airlines in China were selected as research subjects using the convenient sampling method. The revised Musculoskeletal Disorders Investigating Questionnaire was used to investigate the prevalence of WMSDs in various parts of the body in the past year. RESULTS: The total prevalence of WMSDs in flight attendants in this survey was 64.4%(522/810). The prevalence of WMSDs in various parts of the body from high to low was: neck(48.0%), shoulder(38.6%), lower back/waist(26.0%), upper back(19.8%), feet(15.1%), knee(14.0%), hip and leg(11.0%), hand and wrist(9.0%) and elbow(5.1%). The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that working with an uncomfortable posture and the shortage of staff in the work sector were risk factors for neck WMSDs(all P<0.05). The protective factors were sufficient rest time and voluntary decision when to take a break during work(all P<0.05). Carrying heavy objects >20 kg, working in uncomfortable posture and shortage of staff were risk factors for shoulder WMSDs(all P<0.05). Working in uncomfortable posture and repeated an operation every minute were risk factors for lower back/waist WMSDs(all P<0.05), and sufficient rest time was its protective factor(P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The prevalence of WMSDs in civil aviation flight attendants is high, and the neck, shoulder and ower back/waist are the most commonly affected part of the body. The main influencing factors are poor ergonomics and work organization.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880327

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Prenatal stress can cause neurobiological and behavioral defects in offspring; environmental factors play a crucial role in regulating the development of brain and behavioral; this study was designed to test and verify whether an enriched environment can repair learning and memory impairment in offspring rats induced by prenatal stress and to explore its mechanism involving the expression of insulin-like growth factor-2 (IGF-2) and activity-regulated cytoskeletal-associated protein (Arc) in the hippocampus of the offspring.@*METHODS@#Rats were selected to establish a chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) model during pregnancy. Offspring were weaned on 21st day and housed under either standard or an enriched environment. The learning and memory ability were tested using Morris water maze and Y-maze. The expression of IGF-2 and Arc mRNA and protein were respectively measured by using RT-PCR and Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#There was an elevation in the plasma corticosterone level of rat model of maternal chronic stress during pregnancy. Maternal stress's offspring exposed to an enriched environment could decrease their plasma corticosterone level and improve their weight. The offspring of maternal stress during pregnancy exhibited abnormalities in Morris water maze and Y-maze, which were improved in an enriched environment. The expression of IGF-2, Arc mRNA, and protein in offspring of maternal stress during pregnancy was boosted and some relationships existed between these parameters after being exposed enriched environment.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The learning and memory impairment in offspring of prenatal stress can be rectified by the enriched environment, the mechanism of which is related to the decreasing plasma corticosterone and increasing hippocampal IGF-2 and Arc of offspring rats following maternal chronic stress during pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cytoskeletal Proteins/metabolism , Female , Gene Expression Regulation , Hippocampus/metabolism , Insulin-Like Growth Factor II/metabolism , Learning , Learning Disabilities/psychology , Male , Memory Disorders/psychology , Nerve Tissue Proteins/metabolism , Pregnancy , Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects/psychology , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Social Environment , Stress, Psychological/genetics
3.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 619-623, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818291

ABSTRACT

Objective The purpose of this study was to identify a pathogenic variant in a Chinese family with Alport syndrome and analyze the pathogenicity of the variant. Methods Using targeted region capture and high-throughput sequencing technology, we identified the genetic variant of the proband with Alport syndrome, verified the variant in the family members by Sanger sequencing, and analyzed its influence on the pre-mRNA splicing process by in vitro minigene assay. Results A heterozygous variant c.2767G>T (p.Gly923Cys) was identified as a novel variant in exon 32 of the COL4A5 gene in the proband, which was confirmed by Sanger sequencing to be cosegregated with disease in the family. The minigene assay demonstrated that the c.2767G>T variant induced deletion of exon 32 of the COL4A5 gene. Conclusion A novel COL4A5 mutation was identified by targeted region capture and high-throughput sequencing, which has enriched the gene mutation spectrum of Alport syndrome. The exonic mutation c.2767G>T confirmed to be a splicing mutation by in vitro minigene assay, which may lead to a deeper insight into the molecular pathogenesis of Alport syndrome.

4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2315-2324, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774621

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Nucleos(t)ide analog (NA) in combination with peginterferon (PegIFN) therapy in patients with hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive chronic hepatitis B (CHB) shows better effectiveness than NA monotherapy in hepatitis B surface antigen loss, termed "functional cure," based on previous published studies. However, it is not known which strategy is more cost-effective on functional cure. The aim of this study was to analyze the cost-effectiveness of first-line monotherapies and combination strategies in HBeAg-positive CHB patients in China from a social perspective.@*METHODS@#A Markov model was developed with functional cure and other five states including CHB, compensated cirrhosis, decompensated cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, and death to assess the cost-effectiveness of seven representative treatment strategies. Entecavir (ETV) monotherapy and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) monotherapy served as comparators, respectively.@*RESULTS@#In the two base-case analysis, compared with ETV, ETV generated the highest costs with $44,210 and the highest quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) with 16.78 years. Compared with TDF, treating CHB patients with ETV and NA - PegIFN strategies increased costs by $7639 and $6129, respectively, gaining incremental QALYs by 2.20 years and 1.66 years, respectively. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratios were $3472/QALY and $3692/QALY, respectively, which were less than one-time gross domestic product per capita. One-way sensitivity analysis and probabilistic sensitivity analyses showed the robustness of the results.@*CONCLUSION@#Among seven treatment strategies, first-line NA monotherapy may be more cost-effective than combination strategies in HBeAg-positive CHB patients in China.

5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2315-2324, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803002

ABSTRACT

Background@#Nucleos(t)ide analog (NA) in combination with peginterferon (PegIFN) therapy in patients with hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive chronic hepatitis B (CHB) shows better effectiveness than NA monotherapy in hepatitis B surface antigen loss, termed "functional cure," based on previous published studies. However, it is not known which strategy is more cost-effective on functional cure. The aim of this study was to analyze the cost-effectiveness of first-line monotherapies and combination strategies in HBeAg-positive CHB patients in China from a social perspective.@*Methods@#A Markov model was developed with functional cure and other five states including CHB, compensated cirrhosis, decompensated cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, and death to assess the cost-effectiveness of seven representative treatment strategies. Entecavir (ETV) monotherapy and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) monotherapy served as comparators, respectively.@*Results@#In the two base-case analysis, compared with ETV, ETV generated the highest costs with $44,210 and the highest quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) with 16.78 years. Compared with TDF, treating CHB patients with ETV and NA - PegIFN strategies increased costs by $7639 and $6129, respectively, gaining incremental QALYs by 2.20 years and 1.66 years, respectively. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratios were $3472/QALY and $3692/QALY, respectively, which were less than one-time gross domestic product per capita. One-way sensitivity analysis and probabilistic sensitivity analyses showed the robustness of the results.@*Conclusion@#Among seven treatment strategies, first-line NA monotherapy may be more cost-effective than combination strategies in HBeAg-positive CHB patients in China.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710159

ABSTRACT

AIM To prepare silymarin solid dispersions and to evaluate the dissolution rates of five constituents.METHODS Taking F68 and PVPk30 as a combined carrier,the solid dispersions were prepared by solvent fusion method.Then the effects of combined carrier ratio and drug-carrier ratio on dissolution rates of silybin,isosilybin,silydianin,silycristin and taxifolin were investigated.RESULTS The optimal conditions were determined to be 1 ∶ 3 for combined carrier ratio,and 1 ∶ 5 for drug-carrier ratio.These five constituents displayed much higher dissolution rates in solid dispersions than those in raw medicine and physical mixture (silymarin-carrier).CONCLUSION Solid dispersions can significantly increase the dissolution rates of effective components in silymarin.

7.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 820-824, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705133

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of baicalein on insulin secretion from rat islets and the underlying mechanism. Methods Pancreatic islets were obtained from the pancreas of male Wistar rats by collagenase P digestion and histopaque-1077 density gradient separa-tion. Single islet cells were dispersed from pancreatic islets by Dispase II digestion. Insulin secretion experi-ment was applied to observe insulin release after baica-lein stimulation. To study the potential mechanism, calcium imaging technique and patch-clamp experiment were applied to measure intracellular Ca2+ concentra-tion and voltage-dependent potassium channel currents (Kv). Results In 16. 7mmol·L-1 glucose, baica-lein accelerated insulin secretion in a dose-dependent manner. Baicalein promoted the intracellular Ca2+ con-centration. The patch-clamp experiment showed that baicalein inhibited Kv current in a dose-dependent manner. Conclusion Baicalein can increase the in-tracellular Ca2+ concentration by inhibiting Kv chan-nels and eventually promoting insulin secretion.

8.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 69-72, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703818

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical features in patients with respiratory disease and/or hypoxia related severe pulmonary hypertension. Methods: Our research included in 2 groups: Hypoxia related pulmonary hypertension group, the patients with respiratory disease and/or hypoxia combining severe pulmonary hypertension, n=31 and Severe idiopathic pulmonary hypertension group, n=41. The diagnosis was confirmed by right heart catheterization; the patients treated in our hospital from 2016-01 to 2017-01 were consecutively enrolled and studied. Clinical features and treatment were compared between 2 groups. Results: Compared with Severe idiopathic pulmonary hypertension group, the patients' mean age, BMI and blood pressure were higher in Hypoxia related pulmonary hypertension group, while the majority clinical features were similar between 2 groups. In Hypoxia related pulmonary hypertension group, more patients had obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) with the higher AHI and the lower mean blood oxygen pressure at night, increased diameters of left atria and ventricle, elevated NT-proBNP level and reduced 6 minutes walking distance; some patients tried target drug therapy, calcium channel blocker therapy or continuous positive airway pressure therapy. Conclusion: Respiratory disease especially OSAHS should be screened from the patients with severe pulmonary hypertension. In addition to basic respiratory and hypoxia medication, further investigation is needed to confirm whether the prognosis could be improved by calcium channel blocker therapy and target drug therapy.

9.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 408-419, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876964

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of beryllium sulfate( BeSO_4) on apoptosis of human embryonic lung fibroblast( MRC-5 cell). METHODS: MRC-5 cells were cultured in vitro and randomly divided into 6 groups: a control group,a low-,medium- and high-dose BeSO_4 group,an antagonist group,and an activator group. The former 4 groups were given final concentrations of 0,1,10 and 100 μmol / L of BeSO_4,respectively. The combined treatment of BeSO_4and2-aminoethoxydiphenyl borate( 10 μmol / L final concentration) was used in the antagonist group. The combined treatment of BeSO_4 and inositol triphosphate( IP3)( 10 μmol / L final concentration) was used in the activator group. After 24 and48 hours of culture,the cells were harvested. The apoptosis of MRC-5 cells was detected by flow cytometry. The intracellular calcium ion( Ca~(2+)) was detected using laser scanning confocal microscope. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to detect the relative expression of IP_3RⅢ and B-cell lymphoma-2( BCL-2) mRNA and the protein expression of IP_3RⅢ and IP3 were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: The apoptosis rates of cells in the 3 BeSO_4 dose groups at the time points of 24 and 48 hours were lower than those in the control group at the same time points( P < 0. 05). The apoptosis rate of the antagonist group was lower than those in medium-dose BeSO_4 group and control group at the same time points( P < 0. 05). At the time point of 48 hours,the apoptosis rate of the activator group was lower than that of control group( P < 0. 05) and higher than that of the medium-dose BeSO_4group( P < 0. 05). As for the Ca~(2+)concentration at time point of 24 hours,the low-dose BeSO_4 group was lower than the control group( P < 0. 05),and the high-dose BeSO_4 group was higher than the control group( P < 0. 05). The Ca~(2+)concentrations at time point of 48 hours in the medium- and high-dose BeSO_4 groups were lower than that in the control group( P < 0. 05). Compared with the medium-dose BeSO_4 group and control group at time points of 24 and 48 hours,the Ca~(2+)concentrations in the antagonist group decreased( P < 0. 05),while thoes of the activator group increased( P < 0. 05). The expression of BCL-2and IP_3RⅢmRNA in the 3 BeSO_4 groups,the activator and antagonist group were higher than those of the control group( P <0. 05). The expression of IP3 R Ⅲ protein at the time point of 24 hours in the medium-dose BeSO_4 group,the activator group and the antagonist group were lower than that of control group( P < 0. 05). The expression of IP_3RⅢ protein at the time point of 48 hours,the high-dose BeSO_4 group was lower than the control group( P < 0. 05); the activator and antagonist groups were higher than the medium-dose BeSO_4group( P < 0. 05). The expression of IP3 protein in the lowand medium-dose BeSO_4 groups and the activator group were higher than that in the control group( P < 0. 05). The expression of IP3 protein in activator group was higher than the medium-dose group( P < 0. 05). CONCLUSION: BeSO_4 might change the Ca~(2+)concentration and inhibite the apoptosis of MRC-5 cell through regulating the IP3 R / Ca~(2+)pathway,IP3 can improve the decrease of Ca~(2+)concentration in MRC-5 cells induced by BeSO_4.

10.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 20-25, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876902

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The change of DNA methylation of thymocyte differentiation antigen-1( Thy-1) was observed in beryllium sulfate( Be SO4) stimulated human fetal lung fibroblast( MRC-5 cell) to explore the effects of Thy-1 in Be SO4 induced lung fibrosis. METHODS: MRC-5 cell culture in vitro model was used. The final concentrations of Be SO4were1. 0,10. 0 and 100. 0 μmol / L( low-,medium- and high-dose groups). The control was untreated. Other 2 intervention groups were the 5-azacytidine( AZC) intervention group( 10. 0 μmol / L of AZC and 10. 0 μmol / L Be SO4) and the trichostatin A( TSA) intervention group( 0. 5 μmol / L of TSA and 10. 0 μmol / L Be SO4). The cells were collected 24,48 and 72 hours after exposure. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction( PCR) was used to determine the relative expression of collagen typeⅠ( Col Ⅰ),collagen type Ⅲ( Col Ⅲ),α-smooth muscle actin( α-SMA) and Thy-1 mRNA.The nested landed methylation specific PCR was used to detect the Thy-1 DNA methylation level. RESULTS: At 24 hours,the relative expression level of Col Ⅲ mRNA in MRC-5 cells showed an increasing trend with increasing dose( P < 0. 05);at 48 and 72 hours,the relative expression levels of Col Ⅰ,Col Ⅲ and α-SMA mRNA in MRC-5 cells increased with the increasing dose( P < 0. 05). All these 3 indicators in MRC-5 cells of 3 dose groups increased with the increase of expose time( P < 0. 05). The relative expression level of Thy-1 mRNA in MRC-5 cells of all 3 dose groups were lower than that in control( P < 0. 05). The relative expression level of Thy-1 mRNA of the high-dose group was lower than that of the lowdose group( P < 0. 05). The Thy-1 DNA methylation levels in the medium- and high-dose groups were both higher than that of the control( P < 0. 05). The Thy-1 DNA methylation levels of the 3 dose groups increased with the increasing dose( P < 0. 05). The Thy-1 DNA methylation levels of MRC-5 cells in the 2 intervention groups were higher than that of the control( P < 0. 05),but there was no significant difference when compared with the medium-dose group( P > 0. 05).CONCLUSION: Be SO4 stimulation can induce the fibrosis of MRC-5 cells. In this process,the Thy-1 DNA methylation level increases,while the Thy-1 mRNA expression level decrease. Thy-1 DNA methylation might be one of the important mechanisms of lung fibrosis induced by Be SO4.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246074

ABSTRACT

Tripterygium glycosides preparation which extracted from the traditional Chinese herb Tripterygium wilfordii (TWHY), was widely used to treat the autoimmune diseases. Previous works demonstrated that TWHF had potent anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive properties. But the different quality and high incident rate of side effects of different manufactures inhibited its clinical application. Since TWHF had been generally known to play a therapeutical effect by synergism of multiple constituents, it was necessary to build the relationship between the HPLC fingerprint and bioactivity so as to ensure the quality safety and efficacy. The HPLC fingerprint showed that description and content of peaks from different manufactures were diverse. Only 11 common peaks were found. In this study, mice spleen cells stimulated by Con A were used to test the proliferation inhibition bioactivity of TWHF preparations, which were incubated with 30, 15, 7.5, 3.75, 1.88 and 0.94 mg x L(-1) TWHF preparations for 48 h. The results showed that mice spleen cells proliferation was inhibited by all TWHF preparations significantly compared with the control group, which suggested the TWHF preparations showed immune suppress activity. The TWHF preparations from 7 manufacture showed different IC50 value, which might belong to different contents which showed in the HPLC fingerprint. Moreover, a relationship between the HPLC fingerprint and the bioactivity were established to identify important constituents by grey relational analysis (GRA). The result showed that all the contents were relative with the IC50, especially No. 5 and 10 peaks, but No. 1 peak, which was proved to be triptolide, had few contribute to the inhibition of mice spleen cells proliferation. The study of relationship between the HPLC fingerprint and the IC50 by GRA could help to investigate mechanism of bioactive and provide an evidence for the quantification of multi-constituents.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Pharmacology , Cell Proliferation , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Glycosides , Pharmacology , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Spleen , Cell Biology , Tripterygium , Chemistry
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246070

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to isolate and purify polysaccharide from Gynura divaricata and analyze its monosaccharide composition. A water-soluble crude polysaccharide was obtained by hot water extraction, ethanol precipitation and deproteinization after degreasing. The crude polysaccharide then purified with DEAE-Sepharose Fast Flow column chromatography and dialysis. The monosaccharide composition and structure were analyzed by HPLC, UV spectrophotometer and 1H-NMR. The results showed that the purity and molecular weight of GDPS-2 and GDPS-3 were 87.3%, 2.03 x 10(4) Da and 90.9%, 4.29 x 10(4) Da, respectively. The UV spectrophotometer and 1H-NMR data suggested that glycosidic bond of GDPS-2 and GDPS-3 were a type. Both GDPs-2 and GDPs-3 were homogeneous polysaccharides, and GDPs-2 was mainly composed of glucuronic acid and xylose at a molar ratio of 1.1:0.63. GDPs-3 was mainly composed of rhamnose, glucuronic acid, galactose, xylose and galacturonic acid at a molar ratio of 0.32:6.0:0.21:1.75:4.3.


Subject(s)
Asteraceae , Chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Molecular Weight , Polysaccharides , Chemistry
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286388

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of Huayu Tongbi Recipe (HTR) combined methotrexate (MTX) in treating refractory rheumatoid arthritis (RRA).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 167 RRA patients were assigned to the treatment group (73 cases) and the control group (94 cases) according to different therapeutic methods. Patients in the treatment group were treated with HTR combined MTX, while those in the control group were treated with leflunomide (LEF) combined MTX. Clinical signs and symptoms, RF, CRP, ESR, disease activity score 28 (DAS28), and safety indicators were compared between the two groups before treatment, at week 12 and 24 after treatment. The efficacy and safety indices were also evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>At week 12 after treatment the total effective rate was 82.2% (60/73 cases) in the treatment group and 79.8% (75/94 cases) in the control group, showing no statistical difference between the two groups (chi2 = 0.15, P > 0.05). At week 24 after treatment the total effective rate was 78.1% (57/73 cases) in the treatment group and 755% (71/94 cases) in the control group, showing no statistical difference between the two groups (chi2 = 0.15, P > 0.05). There was statistical difference in the total effective rate between week 24 and week 12 in the control group (chi2 = 0.49, P < 0.05). Clinical signs and symptoms, RF, CRP, ESR, and DAS28 were significantly improved in the two groups after 12- and 24-week treatment (P < 0.01). There was no statistical difference in the improvement at week 12 after treatment between the two groups (P > 0.05). There was statistical difference in time of morning stiffness, tender joint numbers, swollen joint numbers, patient global assessment, RF, CRP, and DAS28 at week 24 after treatment between the two groups (P < 0.05). Besides, adverse reactions occurred less in the treatment group than in the control group (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The efficacy of HTR combined MTX was equivalent to that of LEF (10 mg per day) combined MTX, but with more stable therapeutic effects and less adverse reactions.</p>


Subject(s)
Antirheumatic Agents , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Arthralgia , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Drug Therapy , Drug Therapy, Combination , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Isoxazoles , Methotrexate , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Phytotherapy , Treatment Outcome
14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3316-3320, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-354489

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Obesity is a common risk factor for several diseases. Obesity related hormone and increased insulin resistance (IR) may contribute to the effects of obstructive sleep apnoea on cardiovascular consequences. We investigated ghrelin and IR in non-diabetic apnoeic patients with stable coronary heart disease and assessed the effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Plasma ghrelin, glucose and insulin were measured in 22 patients with CPAP and 22 matched controls without CPAP at baseline and three months. Indexes including homeostasis model assessment IR (HOMA IR), HOMA S and HOMA β were calculated for the assessment of IR, insulin sensitivity and pancreatic β cell function.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>At three months follow-up, plasma ghrelin levels and HOMA IR in CPAP group were significantly decreased (P=0.002 and 0.046, respectively) while those in control group increased significantly (P=0.012 and 0.009, respectively). Significant moderate correlations were found between ghrelin vs. HOMA IR and ghrelin vs. HOMA S after CPAP, however, for those without CPAP, no significant associations were observed.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Short-term effective continuous positive airway pressure had a significant effect on lowering plasma ghrelin levels and IR, but not body fat. Further large scale and longer term studies are warranted to corroborate these findings.</p>


Subject(s)
Blood Glucose , Case-Control Studies , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure , Methods , Coronary Artery Disease , Blood , Female , Ghrelin , Blood , Humans , Insulin , Blood , Insulin Resistance , Physiology , Male , Middle Aged , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Therapeutics
15.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 497-500, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261524

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the role of peak oxygen consumption in assessment of heart function of patients with pulmonary hypertension.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From September 2010 to April 2012, 101 patients [29 male, mean age: (32.6 ± 11.4 )years] with pulmonary hypertension diagnosis by right heart catheterization were enrolled. Correlations among peak oxygen consumption, New York Heart Association (NYHA) class, NT-proBNP, 6 minute walking distance (6MWD) and cardiac index are analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 44 cases with NYHA class II (43.6%), 49 cases with NYHA class III (48.5%), mean 6MWD was (421 ± 91 )m, NT-proBNP was (1262 ± 816) ng/L, pulmonary vascular resistance was (1031 ± 582) dyn·s(-1)·cm(-5), CI was (3.5 ± 2.3) L·min(-1)·m(-2), peak oxygen consumption was( 13.8 ± 4.1)ml·min(-1)·kg(-1). 6MWD, pulmonary vascular resistance and peak oxygen consumption were related to CI (r = 0.299, -0.541, 0.341, respectively, all P < 0.05), but NYHA class and NT-proBNP were not correlated to CI. Multiple regression analysis demonstrated that peak oxygen consumption (B = 0.135, P = 0.004) but not 6MWD was correlated with CI after adjusting age, sex and pulmonary vascular resistance. ROC analysis found that the sensitivity and specificity using peak oxygen consumption <15.2 ml·min(-1)·kg(-1) as a cut-off value was 92.6% and 57.5%, respectively, for diagnosing severe heart dysfunction.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The correlation between peak oxygen consumption and CI is better than that of NYHA class, 6MWD, and NT-proBNP with CI. Peak oxygen consumption less than 15.2 ml·min(-1)·kg(-1) could be used to detect reduced CI in patients with pulmonary hypertension.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Exercise Test , Female , Heart , Humans , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Diagnosis , Metabolism , Male , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Blood , Oxygen Consumption , Peptide Fragments , Blood , Young Adult
16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 4204-4209, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327602

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>A multi-center large scale study is needed to confirm the efficacy and safety of domestic peritoneal dialysis (PD) solutions. Some researchers believe that 6 L/d is enough for adequate dialysis, but there is no multi-center prospective study on Chinese population to confirm this. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy and safety of domestic PD solution (Changfu) and its difference between 6 L and 8 L dosage.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Adult PD patients who had taken PD therapy for at least one month were selected and divided into four groups according to two dialysis solution brands and two dialysis dosages, i.e., 6 L dose with Changfu dialysis solution, 6 L dose with Baxter dialysis solution, 8 L dose with Changfu dialysis solution, and 8 L dose with Baxter dialysis solution. After 48 weeks, the changes of primary and secondary efficacy indices were compared between different types and different dosages. We also analyzed the changes of safety indices.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Changes of Kt/V from baseline to 48 weeks between Changfu and Baxter showed no statistical differences; so did those of creatinine clearance rate (Ccr). Normalized protein catabolic rate (nPCR) from baseline to 48 weeks between Changfu and Baxter showed no statistical differences; so did those of net ultrafiltration volume (nUF) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Changes of nPCR from baseline to 48 weeks between 6 L and 8 L showed no statistical differences; so did those of nUF and eGFR. The decline of Kt/V from baseline to 48 weeks in 6 L group was more than that in 8 L group. Change of Ccr was similar. During the 48-week period, the mean Kt/V was above 1.7/w, and mean Ccr was above 50 L×1.73 m(-2)×w(-1). More adverse events were found in Changfu group before Changfu Corporation commenced technology optimization, and the statistical differences disappeared after that.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The domestic PD solution (Changfu) was proven to be as effective as Baxter dialysis solution. During 48-week period, a dosage of 6 L/d was enough for these patients to reach adequate PD. Clinical study promotes technological optimization, further helps to improve the safety indices of the medical products.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Dialysis Solutions , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Peritoneal Dialysis , Methods , Young Adult
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2276-2280, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272995

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Data on the epidemiology of hypertension in Chinese non-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients are limited. The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in the non-dialysis CKD patients through a nationwide, multicenter study in China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The survey was performed in 61 tertiary hospitals in 31 provinces, municipalities, and autonomous regions in China (except Hong Kong, Macao, and Taiwan). Trained physicians collected demographic and clinical data and measured blood pressure (BP) using a standardized protocol. Hypertension was defined as systolic BP ≥ 140 mmHg and/or diastolic BP ≥ 90 mmHg, and/or use of antihypertensive medications. BP < 140/90 mmHg and < 130/80 mmHg were used as the 2 thresholds of hypertension control. In multivariate logistic regression with adjustment for sex and age, we analyzed the association between CKD stages and uncontrolled hypertension in non-dialysis CKD patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The analysis included 8927 non-dialysis CKD patients. The prevalence, awareness, and treatment of hypertension in non-dialysis CKD patients were 67.3%, 85.8%, and 81.0%, respectively. Of hypertensive CKD patients, 33.1% and 14.1% had controlled BP to < 140/90 mmHg and < 130/80 mmHg, respectively. With successive CKD stages, the prevalence of hypertension in non-dialysis CKD patients increased, but the control of hypertension decreased (P < 0.001). When the threshold of BP < 130/80 mmHg was considered, the risk of uncontrolled hypertension in CKD 2, 3a, 3b, 4, and 5 stages increased 1.3, 1.4, 1.4, 2.5, and 4.0 times compared with CKD 1 stage, respectively (P < 0.05). Using the threshold of < 140/90 mmHg, the risk of uncontrolled hypertension increased in advanced stages (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The prevalence of hypertension Chinese non-dialysis CKD patients was high, and the hypertension control was suboptimal. With successive CKD stages, the risk of uncontrolled hypertension increased.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Awareness , Female , Humans , Hypertension , Epidemiology , Therapeutics , Male , Middle Aged , Prevalence , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
18.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 657-661, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-326448

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the demographic characteristics and clinical features of patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH) in China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Between March 2007 and September 2010, IPAH diagnosis was confirmed by right heart catheterization in 150 adult patients from 31 clinical centers in China. Clinical and hemodynamic data were analyzed and patients were divided into WHO functional class I/II and WHO functional class III/IV group.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mean age of 150 patients were 36 ± 13 years with female patient/male patient ratio of 2:1, and mean BMI was (21.3 ± 3.5) kg/m(2). Fatigue (n = 123, 82.0%) and dyspnea (n = 112, 74.7%) are the most common symptoms. Accentuated pulmonic second sound (P(2)) was detected in 92.0% (n = 138) of patients during physical examination, which was also the most common sign. About 49.0% (n = 73) patients were WHO functional class I/II patients and 46.0% (n = 68) patients were WHO functional class III/IV patients. Six minutes walking distance (6MWD) and Borg dyspnea score was (337 ± 101) m and 2.0 (2.0, 4.0), respectively. Right ventricular hypertrophy was suggested by ECG in 93.1% (n = 140) patients. Right atrial pressure was (10 ± 6) mm Hg, mean pulmonary artery pressure was (61 ± 16) mm Hg, cardiac index was (2.3 ± 0.8) L×min(-1)×m(-2) and pulmonary vascular resistance (1484 ± 699) dyn×s(-1)×cm(-5) in this cohort. 6 MWD (305 m ± 89 m vs. 377 m ± 88 m) was significantly shorter while Borg dyspnea score [3.0 (3.0, 5.0) vs. 2.0 (2.0, 3.0)] was significantly higher in WHO functional class III/IV patients than in WHO functional class I/II patients. Similarly hemodynamic parameters were also worse in WHO functional class III/IV patients than in WHO functional class I/II patients (all P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension patients in this cohort affect mostly young adults, dominated by female gender and lower body mass index. Fatigue and dyspnea are the most common symptoms and accentuated pulmonic second sound (P(2)) is the most common sign. IPAH patients are often displaying severe functional and hemodynamic disturbance at first visit to hospitals. Dyspnea and hemodynamic impairment are related to 6MWD and WHO functional class.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Familial Primary Pulmonary Hypertension , Female , Hemodynamics , Humans , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Diagnosis , Male , Middle Aged , Ventricular Function , Young Adult
19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2826-2831, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244342

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Iloprost has been used to test acute pulmonary vasoreactivity in idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). We aimed to investigate the acute hemodynamic and oxygenation responses and tolerability to 20 µg aerosolized Iloprost in Chinese patients with pulmonary hypertension.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Between March 2005 and May 2010, 212 pulmonary hypertension patients inhaled a single dose of 20 µg Iloprost over 10 - 15 minutes for vasoreactivity testing. The acute hemodynamic and oxygenation responses and adverse events were recorded.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Iloprost decreased total pulmonary resistance ((1747 ± 918) dyn×s×cm(-5) vs. (1581 ± 937) dyn×s×cm(-5), P < 0.001), increased stroke volume ((45.0 ± 22.1) ml vs. (47.0 ± 24.2) ml, P = 0.002), and cardiac output ((3.7 ± 1.7) L/ml vs. (3.9 ± 1.9) L/min, P = 0.009). Heart rate and systemic vascular resistance remained stable during inhalation. However, systemic arterial blood oxygen saturation fell slightly ((91.0 ± 6.8)% vs. (90.3 ± 6.7)%, P = 0.002). Pulmonary and systemic arterial blood pressures declined within 1 - 3 minutes after inhalation initiation and reached their lowest levels within 10 - 15 minutes. Idiopathic PAH responded more favorably than pulmonary hypertension due to other causes (P £0.001) and patients with less severe pulmonary hypertension have better responses to Iloprost. No adverse events requiring medical care or leading to termination of inhalation occurred.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Inhalation of 20 µg Iloprost showed potent and selective pulmonary hemodynamic effects and was well tolerated in the Chinese pulmonary hypertension patients. Patients with idiopathic PAH and less severe pulmonary hypertension responded more favorably to inhalation of Iloprost.</p>


Subject(s)
Administration, Inhalation , China , Hemodynamics , Humans , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Drug Therapy , Iloprost , Therapeutic Uses
20.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 799-802, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-288102

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence of high risk human papillomavirus (HPV) genital infection and cervical cancer in adult women from Shenzhen.Methods Cluster sampling was used to investigate the prevalence of HPV infection and cervical cancer from women aged 20-59 years old living in Luohu,Futian,Nanshan,Longgang and Baoan districts in Shenzhen from April 2006 to April 2010.All women were detected for liquid-based cytology test (LCT) or Thinprep cytologic test (TCT)and high-risk HPV-DNA test with hybrid capture Ⅱ (HC-Ⅱ ).All women with ≥ASC-US by cytology and/or a positive HC- Ⅱ test were asked to return for colposcopy and four-quadrant biopsy.Endocervical curettage was performed.Pathological finding were used as the gold standard of the diagnosis of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia.Results 10 210 women were involved in the study and 10 017 of them having completed data.The overall positive rate of high-risk HPV-DNA was 16.29%.HPV positive rates in 20-,30-,35-,40-,45-,50-59 age groups were 17.37%,15.59%,16.33%,14.74%,17.16% and 17.98%,respectively.The curve of HPV infection rates in different age groups appeared a ‘W' shape.HPV infection rates in the 25-years-olds and 50-59 year-olds groups were significantly higher than the other age groups (x2=4.50,P=0.03 ).The overall prevalence rate of cervical intraepithelial lesions (CIN) was 7.52%,of which the prevalence rates of low-grade cervical intraepithelial lesions (CIN Ⅰ) was 5.32% high-grade cervical intraepithelial lesions (CIN Ⅱ/Ⅲ ) was 2.21%,cervical cancer was 0.12%.The prevalence of CIN Ⅰ was significantly higher than the CIN Ⅱ/Ⅲ (x2=134.15,P<0.001 ).The prevalence of cervical cancer in 45- age group was 0.12%,the highest.HPV infection rates increased with the grades of cervical lesions including women without CIN as 44.31%,in CIN Ⅰ as 70.73%,in CIN Ⅱ as 86.73%,and in CIN Ⅲ as 96.75% and in cancer as 100.00%.The HPV infection rates were different in districts (x2=17.81,P=0.03 ),with Futian and Luohu higher than those of Nanshan,Longgang and Baoan district.The prevalence rate of CIN in Baoan was lower than other districts.The CIN prevalence rates were not significantly different among the other districts of Shenzhen (x2=4.84,P=0.18).Conclusion The prevalence of cervical cancer was low in adult women living in Shenzhen,with cervical lesions still in the early stage.Prevention of HPV infection and treatment of CIN were the key points for the prevention of cervical cancer.

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