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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877627

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of single acupoint [Yaotu (extra)] electroacupuncture (EA) therapy on lumbar intervertebral disc herniation (LIDH) and its promotion and application in community medical institutions.@*METHODS@#This research adopted a three-level promotion model, and used multi-center collaboration topics as a platform. A total of 240 patients with LIDH were divided into a group A (top three hospital, 80 cases, 3 cases dropped off), a group B (secondary hospital, 80 cases, 8 cases dropped off), and a group C (community health center, 80 cases, 7 cases dropped off). All groups were treated with EA at a single acupoint [Yaotu (extra)] under the guidance of a unified experimental protocol. The EA was given 60 min each time and performed 3 times a week for a total of 2 weeks. The changes of visual analogue scale (VAS) scores of three groups before and after each treatment were compared, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#Compared with before each treatment, the VAS scores of three groups after each treatment decreased (@*CONCLUSION@#The single acupoint EA therapy has a significant effect in the treatment of LIDH, can quickly relieve the pain symptoms, and has the characteristics of simple operation and easy control, suitable for promotion and application in primary hospitals.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Electroacupuncture , Humans , Intervertebral Disc , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/therapy
2.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 640-647, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922371

ABSTRACT

To evaluate outcomes between extraperitoneal robotic single-port radical prostatectomy (epR-spRP) and extraperitoneal robotic multiport radical prostatectomy (epR-mpRP) performed with the da Vinci Si Surgical System, comparison was performed between 30 single-port (SP group) and 26 multiport (MP group) cases. Comparisons included operative time, estimated blood loss (EBL), hospital stay, peritoneal violation, pain scores, scar satisfaction, continence, and erectile function. The median operation time and EBL were not different between the two groups. In the SP group, the median operation time of the first 10 patients was obviously longer than that of the latter 20 patients (P < 0.001). The median postoperative hospital stay in the SP group was shorter than that in the MP group (P < 0.001). The rate of peritoneal damage in the SP group was less than that in the MP group (P = 0.017). The pain score and overall need for pain medications in the SP group were lower than those in the MP group (P < 0.001 and P = 0.015, respectively). Patients in the SP group were more satisfied with their scars than those in the MP group 3 months postoperatively (P = 0.007). At 3 months, the cancer control, recovery of erectile function, and urinary continence rates were similar between the two groups. It is safe and feasible to perform epR-spRP using the da Vinci Si surgical system. Therefore, epR-spRP can be a treatment option for localized prostate cancer. Although epR-spRP still has a learning curve, it has advantages for postoperative pain and self-assessed cosmesis. In the absence of the single-port robotic surgery platform, we can still provide minimally invasive surgery for patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Blood Loss, Surgical/statistics & numerical data , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Outcome Assessment, Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Perioperative Medicine/statistics & numerical data , Prostatectomy/methods , Prostatic Neoplasms/surgery , Quality Assurance, Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Robotic Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data
3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1199-1205, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688145

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>Previous studies have shown that hypertension is an important factor contributing to the occurrence and progression of diabetic kidney damage. However, the relationship between the patterns of blood pressure (BP) trajectory and kidney damage in the diabetic population remains unclear. This prospective study investigated the effect of long-term systolic BP (SBP) trajectory on kidney damage in the diabetic population based on an 8-year follow-up community-based cohort.</p><p><b>Methods</b>This study included 4556 diabetic participants among 101,510 participants. BP, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), and urinary protein were measured every 2 years from 2006 to 2014. SBP trajectory was identified by the censored normal modeling. Five discrete SBP trajectories were identified according to SBP range and the changing pattern over time. Kidney damage was evaluated through eGFR and urinary protein value. A multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the influence of different SBP trajectory groups on kidney damage.</p><p><b>Results</b>We identified five discrete SBP trajectories: low-stable group (n = 864), moderate-stable group (n = 1980), moderate increasing group (n = 609), elevated decreasing group, (n = 679), and elevated stable group (n = 424). The detection rate of kidney damage in the low-stable group (SBP: 118-124 mmHg) was the lowest among the five groups. The detection rate of each kidney damage index was higher in the elevated stable group (SBP: 159-172 mmHg) compared with the low-stable group. For details, the gap was 4.14 (11.6% vs. 2.8%) in eGFR <60 ml·min·1.73 m and 3.66 (17.2% vs. 4.7%), 3.38 (25.0% vs. 7.4%), and 1.8 (10.6% vs. 5.9%) times in positive urinary protein, eGFR <60 ml·min·1.73 m and/or positive urinary protein, and eGFR decline ≥30%, respectively (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>Conclusion</b>An elevated stable SBP trajectory is an independent risk factor for kidney damage in the diabetic population.</p>


Subject(s)
Asians , Blood Pressure , Physiology , Female , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Physiology , Humans , Hypertension , Logistic Models , Male , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors
4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1938-1944, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338825

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Currently, treatment of symptomatic polycystic liver disease (PLD) is still a challenging problem, especially for these patients who are not feasible for surgery. Minimally invasive options such as laparoscopic fenestration and percutaneous cyst aspiration with sclerotherapy demonstrated disappointing results due to multiple lesions. Because the cysts in PLD are mostly supplied from hepatic arteries but not from portal veins, transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) of the hepatic artery branches that supply the major hepatic cysts can lead to shrinkage of the cyst and liver size, relieve symptoms, and improve nutritional status. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of TAE with a mixture of N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (NBCA) and iodized oil for patients with severe symptomatic PLD during a more than 2-year follow-up.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Institutional review board had approved this study. Written informed consent was obtained from all patients. From February 2007 to December 2014, twenty-three patients (20 women and 3 men; mean age, 49.0 ± 14.5 years) infeasible for surgical treatments underwent TAE. Changes in the abdominal circumferences, volumes of intrahepatic cysts, hepatic parenchyma volume, and whole liver, clinical symptoms, laboratory data, and complications were evaluated after TAE.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Technical success was achieved in all cases. No procedure-related major complications occurred. The median follow-up period after TAE was 48.5 months (interquartile range, 30.0-72.0 months). PLD-related severe symptoms were improved remarkably in 86% of the treated patients; TAE failed to benefit in four patients (four patients did not benefit from TAE). The mean maximum abdominal circumference decreased significantly from 106.0 ± 8.0 cm to 87.0 ± 15.0 cm (P = 0.021). The mean intrahepatic cystic volume reduction rates compared with pre-TAE were 36% at 12 months, 37% at 24 months, and 38% at 36 months after TAE (P < 0.05). The mean liver volume reduction rates were 32% at 12 months, 31% at 24 months, and 33% at 36 months (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>TAE with the mixture of NBCA and iodized oil appears to be a safe and effective treatment method for patients with symptomatic PLD, especially for those who are not good candidates for surgical treatments, to improve both hepatic volume and hepatic cysts volume.</p>

5.
Chinese Traditional Patent Medicine ; (12): 2529-2533, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665972

ABSTRACT

AIM To establish the quality standard for Weigela japonica Thunb.var.sinica (Rehd.) Bailey (W.j.).METHODS TLC was adopted in this medicinal material's qualitative identification after morphological identification and microscopic identification.The contents of water,total ash,acid-insoluble ash and extracts were detected according to Chinese Pharmacopoeia methods.Then the contents of scopoletin and total coumarins were determined by HPLC and UV,respectively.RESULTS The morphologies and microscopic characters of W.j.could be distinguished from other same generic plants.The clear TLC spot displayed good resolution.The contents of water,total ash,acid-insoluble ash,water-soluble extract and acid-soluble extract were no more than 12.0%,no more than 2.0%,no more than 0.5%,no less than 5.0% and no less than 4.5%,respectively.Scopoletin and total coumarins showed good linear relationships within the ranges of 1.25-40.0 μg/mL(r =0.999 7)and 2.0-64.0 μg/mL (r =0.999 9),whose average recoveries were 98.19% (RSD =0.90%) and 99.21% (RSD =2.5%),respectively.CONCLUSION This accurate and reliable method can be used for the quality control of W.j..

6.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 233-238, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-291994

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the acute and long-term effects of catheter radiofrequency ablation for the treatment of ventricular arrhythmia storm (VAS) post implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICD) implantation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Acute and long-term effects of catheter radiofrequency ablation for the treatment of VAS post ICD implantation were retrospectively assessed in 11 patients from September 2008 to August 2011.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 15 ablation procedures were performed in 11 patients. Six ablation procedures were performed through epicardial approach. In 9 patients, 20 types of ventricular tachycardia (VT) (including 20% hemodynamically unstable VT) were induced during the procedures [mean cycle length (384 ± 141) ms] and polymorphic ventricular tachycardia were induced in 7 patients. The average X-ray fluoroscopy time and procedural time were (26 ± 17) min and (189 ± 60) min, respectively. Complete success, partial success, and failure rates immediately post catheter radiofrequency ablation were 46.7% (7/15), 26.7% (4/15) and 26.7% (4/15), respectively. All patients are alive at follow-up[(2.45 ± 9.6) months after the last catheter ablation] and the complete success, partial success, and failure rates during follow-up were 72.7% (8/11), 9.1% (1/11) and 18.2% (2/11), respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>VAS can be effectively treated by catheter radiofrequency ablation in patients post ICD implantation.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Catheter Ablation , Defibrillators, Implantable , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Tachycardia, Ventricular , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
7.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 285-289, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246693

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of hepatitis B virus (HBV) X protein (HBX) on expression of the host gene Wnt induced secreted protein-1 (WISP-1) that is related to the pathogenic process of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Tumor and paratumor tissues were collected from HCC patients, and normal liver tissues were collected from healthy controls. Immunohistochemistry was used to evaluate the in vivo presence and expression levels of HBX and WISP-1 in the three tissue types. HepG2 cells stably transfected with pc-DNA3.1(+)-HBX or with pc-DNA3.1(+) only (G0, control) were generated and used to examine in vitro the HBX-induced changes in WISP-1 expression at the mRNA and protein levels by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and western blotting, respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The HCC tissues showed significantly higher rates of positivity for WISP-1 expression than the non-tumor controls (76.6% vs. paratumor: 23.4% or normal tissues: 0%, x2= 35.967, P less than 0.01). HBX increased WISP-1 expression in HepG2 cells at both the mRNA (1170.33 +/- 41.26 vs. G0: 265.34 +/- 27.47, t = 31.63, P less than 0.01) and protein (240.33 +/- 11.37 vs. G0: 40.33 +/- 7.09, F = 600.57, P less than 0.01) levels.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>HBV may up-regulate expression of the host gene WISP-1 through its X protein and thus promote the development of HCC.</p>


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Hepatitis B , Hepatitis B virus , Metabolism , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Wnt1 Protein
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271296

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To discuss the midface aging mechanism through anatomic study of malar fat pad.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>10 fresh adult cadaveric heads (20 sides) fixed by vascular perfusion of formalin were used for anatomic study with microsurgery technique under microscope. The midfacial ligament and connective tissue between skin and subcutaneous fat were observed carefully in different parts of midface. The location, shape and extent of malar fat pad was also recorded and photographed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The malar fat pad has a triangle shape. The bottom is a curve along the orbicularis retaining ligament at the lower eyelid. The fat pad is extended internally to the nasolabial fold and labiomandibular fold, externally from the major zygomatic muscle end point at the malar surface to the angulus oris and submandibular edge. (2) The malar fat pad is composed of meshed fibrous tissue, with big fat particles in it. It becomes tight when being stretched in horizontal direction along nasolabial fold and loosen when being stretched in vertical direction. (3) There is tight connection between skin and fat pad, which is divided into four areas as I, II, III, IV. The areas I, II, III are strip-shaped parelled to the nasolabial fold. The area IV is a irregular quadrilateral. (4) There are six fixation ligaments between malar fat pad and deep tissue: orbicularis retaining ligament upper layer of lower eyelid, orbicularis retaining ligament substratum of lower eyelid, zygomaticus ligament, zygomatic cutaneous ligament, zygomatic cutaneous ligament substratum, platysma There are four closely connected areas cutaneous forward ligament, cheek maxilla ligament.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>between the facial skin and malar fat pad which makes malar fat pad and skin keep relatively consistent. The malar fat pad moving down mainly resulted from slack of ligaments support which is one of the reasons for aging face.</p>


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Physiology , Cadaver , Cheek , Eyelids , Physiology , Face , Physiology , Facial Muscles , Physiology , Head , Humans , Ligaments , Physiology , Lip , Physiology , Skin , Skin Aging , Pathology , Physiology
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271269

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To validate the previous anatomic study result about angle nerve of facial nerve through 3-dimensional (3-D) visualization technique, so as to provide theory basis for clinic treatment of nerve loss.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The full-thickness soft tissue at internal side of inner canthus was harvested from adult cadaveric head. The skin was 3 cm in length and 1 cm in width, with 2 parallel cut lines as location markers. The specimen was sliced continuously into 120 slices, with 10 microm in thickness for every slice, 0.25 mm apart. The slices underwent HE staining and 2-D digital image was gained by high resolution scanner. Then 3-D reconstruction was performed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) It showed the 3-D structures and routes of angle nerve, as well as the relationship between angle nerve and angle arteriovenous. All the reconstructed structures can be displayed together or separately, also from any angles. (2) It confirmed the accuracy of microscopic anatomy study about angle nerve. (3) The 3-D reconstruction of angle nerve, as well as the surrounding structure could be very useful for clinical application.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Based on the histologic study and computer technology, the 3-D reconstruction of angle nerve could provide accurate basis for the feasibility of clinic treatment of angle nerve loss.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Facial Nerve , Humans , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Visible Human Projects
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-635917

ABSTRACT

Background Porcine fibrin sealant kit has been widely used in surgery for clotting and woundssealing.It is thought to be a substitution for inert gas and silicone oil in vitrectomy.But whether it produce toxic effect on retina or not after intravitreal injection is still studying.Objective This study aimed to investigate the retinal toxicity of porcine fibrin sealant kit following intraocular application.Methods Vitrectomy was performed on bilateral eyes of 15 pigmented rabbits.Porcine fibrin sealant kit of 0.5 ml was intravitreally injected in the lateral eyes of the rabbits as the experimental group,and equal volume of BSS was used at the same way in contralateral eye as control group.The inflammatory response of eye was observed under the slit lamp and ophthalmoscopy in 1 day,3,7,15,30 days after injection.Schi(o)tz tonometer was used to measure intraocular pressure(IOP) in 1 day,3,7 days,and retinal function was evaluated by electroretinogram (ERG) before operation and 30 days after operation.B-ultrasonic examination was carried out 30 days after surgery.Animals were sacrificed and eyeballs were obtained for retinal histopathological and ultrastructural examination in 30 days after operation.Results Complications appeared in 7 eyes of the experimental group,including cataract in 3 eyes,proliferation vitreoretinopathy and retinal detachment in 5 eyes,endophthalmitis in 1 eye,however,the cataract in 2 eyes and retina injury in 2 eyes were found in 15 control eyes.On the 30 days after injection,no inflammation was found in the 8 eyes without complication in the experimental group and 11 eyes in the control group.The IOP change was insignificant in different groups and various time points (Fgroup =0.008,P =0.929 ;Ftime =3.600 P =0.075).No significant difference was found in a-wave amplitude between groups and various time points(Fgroup =0.728,P =0.405 ; Ftime =0.516,P =0.482),and so was the b-wave amplitude (Fgroup =0.222,P =0.644 ; Ftime =0.057,P =0.814).On the 30th day after operation,arrangement of the retina was regular and no tissue edema and inflammatory cell infiltration were seen in both groups under the light microscope.Transmission electron microscope revealed that the ultrastructures of retinal cells,photoreceptor and retinal pigment cell were normal with the clear subcellular organelle,intact cellular membrane structure and mitochondria in both groups.Conclusions Domestic porcine fibrin sealant kit does not produce toxic effect on retina after intravitreal injection in rabbit.

11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 4115-4118, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-273912

ABSTRACT

When a large visceral artery is ruptured, uncontrolled bleeding may lead to hemodynamic collapse. Use of endovascular occlusion balloon catheter may provide rapid control of hemorrhage and facilitate definitive therapy. We reported two patients with massive hemorrhage from ruptured celiac-hepatic artery after pancreaticoduodenectomy, who were initially treated percutaneously by temporary selective balloon occlusion. They became critically hemodynamic unstable during the angiographic procedure. Through an 8Fr sheath, a 6Fr compliant latex occlusion balloon was placed proximal to the celiac trunk and inflated, and upon patient stabilization surgical revision and stent-graft placement were successfully performed in the two patients, respectively. Temporary selective balloon occlusion provides fast and effective bleeding control for patient with critically uncontrollable visceral arterial hemorrhage, permitting subsequent use of conventional techniques for management of the arterial bleeding source.


Subject(s)
Adult , Balloon Occlusion , Methods , Celiac Artery , Female , Hemorrhage , Therapeutics , Hepatic Artery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pancreaticoduodenectomy
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247198

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of metoprolol on electrophysiology of ischemic and anoxic myocardium in diabetic rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were divided into 4 groups: diabetes group; diabetes and ablation of left sympathetic nerve group; diabetes and metoprolol group and sham group. The diabetes model was induced by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ, 60 mg/kg). The ventricular diastolic effective threshold (DET), effective refractive period (ERP), and Ventricular fibrillation threshold (VFT) were measured. The serum concentration of nerve growth factor (NGF) was measured.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Metoprolol increased DET of ischemic and anoxic myocardium in diabetic rats. The ablation of the left sympathetic nerve increased VFT of diabetic rats. VFT in metoprolo group was significantly increased compared to diabetes group after ischemia. The concentrations of NGF in diabetic group and metoprolol group were higher than those in sham group. There were no difference in NGF levels between ablation of left sympathetic nerve group and sham group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The remodeling of sympathetic nerve affects the electrophysiology of ischemic myocardium of diabetic rats. Metoprolol can increase the VFT and decrease the excitation threshold of the ischemic myocardium in diabetic rats.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Heart , Male , Metoprolol , Pharmacology , Myocardial Ischemia , Nerve Growth Factor , Blood , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sympathectomy
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247196

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the value of double source multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) in visualization of cardiac veins in patients with chronic heart failure.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-five patients with chronic heart failure (aged 65.4 ± 8.8, 21 males and 14 females) were enrolled in the study. In Group A, MDCT and retrograde coronary venography (RCV) were performed consecutively; in Group B anterograde visualization of the coronary venous and RCV were performed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Coronary sinus, GCV and MCV of all individuals were identified in MDCT. LVPV was observed in 65% patients of Group A, and 66.7% patients of Group B. The correlation coefficient between MDCT and RCV was 0.944, and that between CVG and RCV was 0.42.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Non-invasive evaluation of cardiac veins with double source CT is feasible and may be used in cardiac resynchronization therapy.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Coronary Angiography , Methods , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Phlebography , Methods , Tomography, Spiral Computed , Methods
14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1374-1380, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-354010

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Embolization of collateral arteries is important for transcatheter hepatic arterial chemoembolization (TACE) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We evaluated the efficacy and safety of TACE, and the prevention and management of complications among patients in whom the internal thoracic artery (ITA) was involved.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 3614 cases of HCC were treated with 12 645 TACEs and 211 of these cases were given ITA angiography, including 156 cases of which the ITA was involved. We performed 562 TACEs in the 156 cases. We analyzed imaging examinations, types of embolization, and the incidence, prevention, and treatment of complications.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The ITA was successfully embolized in 156 cases. Angiography of the ITA showed that the major trunks were thickened with an increased number of branching vessels, contributing to intrahepatic and extrahepatic tumor blood supply. Different embolization methods were selected according to the blood supply, to effectively embolize the tumor and mitigate or avoid serious complications. TACE with ITA embolization extended the mean interval time between two treatments from 2.54 months (1 - 17 months) to 4.23 months (1 - 30 months) compared with that without ITA embolization. The ITA supplied the HCC in the following instances: HCC was located in the ventral hepatic area and abutted the diaphragm (P = 0.0064) and repeated TACE (P = 0.0003). The survival rate of TACE with ITA embolization for HCC was better than TACE without ITA embolization (P < 0.00001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>In cases with massive HCC or nodular HCC, the ITA may be involved in supplying blood to the tumor. This occurs when the tumor is positioned in the ventral hepatic area and abuts the diaphragm (S2, S4, and S8), and especially if cases have a previous history of TACE. In this case series, embolization was effective, extended the mean interval time of interventional therapy, and prolonged survival time.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Therapeutics , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Methods , Female , Humans , Liver Neoplasms , Therapeutics , Male , Mammary Arteries , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 23-28, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-314623

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The major consequence of pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs) is the direct inflow of blood from the pulmonary artery to the pulmonary vein which induces hypoxemia. Severe complications include transient ischemic attacks, paradoxical embolization in the central nervous system, massive hemoptysis or hemothorax, etc. The conventional treatment is surgical intervention. However, this can be very traumatic and dangerous. Endovascular embolization has advantages over surgery such as a faithful therapeutic effect, a low complication rate, repeatability, etc.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Patients (n = 23) with symptomatic PAVMs underwent endovascular embolization; 11 were males and 12 were females, with ages ranging from 6 months to 58 years. During the embolization, microcoils were applied in 6 cases and standard steel coils were used in 17 cases.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Multiple PAVMs lesions were found in 16 cases and single PAVMs lesion was found in 7 cases. Embolotherapy was carried out 28 times for 23 patients. The success rate was 100%. The results of pulmonary arteriography after treatment showed that single lesion disappeared completely while the main abnormal vessels in multiple lesions also disappeared. The mean blood oxygen saturation increased from (78.04 + or - 8.22)% to (95.13 + or - 3.67)% after the procedure. A correlated groups t test showed changes in blood oxygen saturation before and after embolization (t = 9.101, P < 0.001). Symptoms of cardiac insufficiency disappeared in 5 cases and vascular murmur in the chest disappeared in 13 cases. After embolization, mild chest pain occurred in 11 cases, small amounts of pleural effusion occurred in 5 cases, and 1 patient died 2 months later because of a pyogenic infection secondary to the pulmonary infarction. Among the 22 remaining cases, with overall follow-up ranging from 18 months to 12 years, general conditions were fine, daily lives were normal and there were no neurologic symptoms or signs, except for 3 patients with diffused PAVMs who had persistent blood oxygen saturation between 85% and 90%. Symptoms of hypoxia never recurred in the other cases.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Endovascular embolization of pulmonary arteriovenous malformations can significantly improve blood oxygen saturation and reduce serious complications such as cerebral infaction. Therefore, this kind of interventional procedure is a safe and effective treatment method with a low complication rate.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Angiography , Arteriovenous Malformations , Diagnostic Imaging , Therapeutics , Child , Child, Preschool , Embolization, Therapeutic , Methods , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Pulmonary Artery , Congenital Abnormalities , Diagnostic Imaging , Pulmonary Veins , Congenital Abnormalities , Diagnostic Imaging , Young Adult
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-268721

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of the third-party bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) on the allogeneic skin transplantation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>40 female C57BL/6 mice and 50 male BALB/C mice were respectively used as donors and recipients of skin transplantation. 50 BALB/C mice were divided randomly into 5 groups: Blank control group, Cyclophosphamide group BMSCs group, Cyclophosphamide + BMSCs group and CM-DiI staining group, with 10 mice in each group. Before skin transplantation, high-dose abdominal injection of Cyclophosphamide (200 mg/kg, 2 d) was performed in recipient mice. On the transplantation day, a bonus of 1 x 10(5) BMSCs of the SD rat (SD-BMSCs) were injected through the tail vein. The observation of skin grafts, mixed lymphocyte culture (MLC), HE staining, the observation of CM-DiI-labeled SD-BMSCs and FACS were used.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The skin graft survival time was significantly prolonged in the Cyclophosphamide + BMSCs group, as compared with the blank control group, the Cyclophosphamide group, the BMSCs group respectively. When BMSC and lymphocyte mixed at the ratio of 1:1 and 1:10, rat BMSCs inhibited T lymphocyte proliferation. More angiogenesis and less lymphocyte infiltration were found in the experimental group than them in other groups. Red fluorescent cells were found in CM-DiI staining group under long-term observation. The SD-BMSCs can he detected by flow cytometry in the cell group and the Cyclophosphamide + BMSCs group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>BMSCs can survive in the heterogeneous recipient body; the third-party BMSCs transplantation can prolong skin graft survival time; BMSCs can inhibit T lymphocyte activation and proliferation.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cells, Cultured , Female , Male , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Skin Transplantation , Transplantation, Homologous
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-268701

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the anatomy of angular nerve (AN), so as to provide safe approach for the denervation surgery of corrugator supercilii, depressor supercilii and procerus.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>10 fresh cadaver (20 sides)were perfused and fixed with formalin. Dissection was performed in the 10 x operating microscope. The plexus of the zygomatic branch and the buccal branch were detected to confirm the AN. The relationship of AN with the surrounding blood vessels was observed. We tracked AN until it entered corrugator supercilii, depressor supercilii and procerus.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) AN was classified into I, II, III type according to its formation pattern. Type I (20%, 4/20 sides) AN is single, which is mainly from the plexus of buccal branch plus the zygomatic branch from the orbicularis oculi muscle. In type II (20%, 4/20 sides), the single AN was formed by buccal branch plexus and zygomatic branch plexus in the "Four Muscle Gap". In type III (60%, 12/20 sides), the AN had two branches in the "Four Muscle Gap". (2) The three types AN passed inferior to the support ligament at the suborbital part, and then transversed medial to the support ligament at the medial canthus, along the vessels of medial canthus. (3) The branch of AN enters the depressor supercilii or procerus 2.19 to 4.28 mm above the medial canthus ligament. The backward branch enters the levator labii superioris alaeque nasi 6.89 to 9.38 mm below the medial canthus ligament.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The approach of denervation surgery for AN should be performed medial to the support ligation, between 2.19 mm above the medial canthus and 6.89 mm below the medial canthus.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Cadaver , Denervation , Facial Muscles , Facial Nerve , General Surgery , Female , Humans , Male
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-268673

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the feasibility of construction of tissue-engineered skin in vitro.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fibroblasts were seeded on the dermal surface of acellular dermal matrix (ADM). 7 days later, epidermal cells (5 x 10(5)/cm2) were mixed with fibroblasts (0.2 x 10(5)/cm2) and then seeded on epidermal surface of ADM. The culture medium was the mixture liquor containing K-SFM in half and the culture supernatants of fibroblasts in half. In the control group, only epidermal cells (5 x 10(5)/cm2) were seeded and cultured with K-SFM. After composite skin was cultured for 1 week and 3 week, samples were harvested respectively for morphological study and to receive identification by immunohistochemistry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After 3-week culture, there were 3-4 continuous layers of cells in the epidermis in the experiment group. The epidermis was attached tightly to the dermis with trochanterellus. But in the control group, there were just 1-2 layers of cells in the epidermis which was not connected to the dermis. Strong positive dye of Laminin indicated that basement membrane was thoroughly formed in the experiment group. The same result was demonstrated by transmission electron microscope.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The mix-seeding of epidermal cells and few fibroblasts would promote the adhesion and proliferation of epidermal cells on ADM, and the formation of basement membrane.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cells, Cultured , Coculture Techniques , Epidermis , Cell Biology , Fibroblasts , Cell Biology , Skin, Artificial , Swine , Tissue Engineering , Tissue Scaffolds
19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3110-3117, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-285721

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Delayed massive hemorrhage (DMH) after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is a serious complication and one of the most common causes of mortality after PD. Its ideal management remains unclear. This paper is to present our experience in the endovascular treatment of patients with DMH after PD using different techniques and materials.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>During a seven years period, 19 patients (fifteen men, four women) with DMH arter PD were treated with endovascular procedures, including transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) with coils embolization in eight cases, with coils plus N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (NBCA)-Lipiodol mixture in six cases, and stent-graft placement in five cases. The mean age of the patients was 58.2 years. Follow-up, including clinical condition, liver function tests, and Doppler ultrasound examinations, was documented.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The immediate technical success rate was 84.2% (16/19). There were no significant procedure-related complications. Hemostasis was not achieved with interventional procedures in three patients: one died of uncontrolled bleeding four days after the second TAE, and two patients required emergency laparotomy without re-angiography because of worsening clinical status. Among the 16 patients with successfully stopped bleeding who became hemodynamically stable after the procedure without evidence of further bleeding, two patients died during the peri-interventional procedure period because of multiple organ failure, and fourteen patients survived to hospital discharge. The mean length of follow-up was 14.6 months. Recurrent bleeding after discharge did not occur in any of these cases. Clinical and laboratory follow-up findings were unremarkable. Doppler ultrasound examination verified patency of the hepatic artery in the four patients with stent-graft placement during the follow-up period (5 months-29 months; mean, 15.3 months).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Interventional endovascular procedure is a safe and technically feasible solution to control DMH. The first-line treatment for the bleeding is TAE. Stent-graft placement with preservation of the organ arterial flow, if technically possible, is a valuable alternative to TAE and surgical intervention for management of DMH.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Embolization, Therapeutic , Methods , Endovascular Procedures , Methods , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pancreaticoduodenectomy , Methods , Postoperative Hemorrhage , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 514-520, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311831

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Transcatheter bronchial artery embolization (BAE) is widely used for the treatment of hemoptysis and the immediate success rate is high, but there are still some hemorrhage recurrences. One of the common reasons for failure of BAE is collateral branches as blood supply. The inferior phrenic artery (IPA) is one of the most common collateral branches that is scarcely reported. Our purpose was to observe manifestations of IPA supplying to hemoptysis and evaluate the efficacy and safety of IPA embolization.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Angiography during interventional treatment of 178 hemoptysis patients in the past 7 years confirmed that IPA hemorrhage resulted in hemoptysis in 25 patients (26 - 67 years old) who had: lung cancer (11 patients), bronchiectasis (11 patients), chronic lung inflammation (2 patients), and pulmonary tuberculosis (1 patient). Among the 25 patients, 7 patients had twice interventional operations within one week and 6 patients still experienced intraoperative hemoptysis after conventional embolization of the bronchial artery, the internal thoracic artery, and the intercostal artery, then had the second interventional operation immediately. The total number of cases were 191. Selective embolization of the IPA was performed using polyvinyl alcohol microspheres, gelatin sponge particles, and microcoil. The safety and clinical significance of IPA embolization were evaluated. The Pearson chi(2) test and Fisher's exact probability test were used in this study.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Selective IPA angiography showed increased diameter of the IPA, disorganization of the branches, and varying degrees of angiogenesis. In 11 cases, contrast material was seen in vessels supplying the tumor and in the tumor. In 9 cases, contrast material had leaked into the area supplied by the IPA; in 8 cases, non-specific flake-like deposits of contrast material were seen; and in 14 cases, abnormal communication or shunt was visualized. Lesions were closely related to the pleura in 25 patients. Fifteen lesions were close to the diaphragmatic pleura, seven close to the mediastinal pleura, and three close to the lateral pleura of the lower lung. Eleven cases had inferior thoracic pleural thickening and adhesions. The IPA was embolized in 25 cases, and the success rate of hemostasis was 100%. The IPA was not embolized in the other 166 cases, and the success rate of hemostasis was 92.17 %. In the 25 cases with IPA embolization, the involvement of the IPA in the blood supply of the hemoptysis was correlated with the duration of the disease (P = 0.0344). The involvement of IPA in the blood supply of the hemoptysis was not correlated with the characteristic of the lung lesions (benign or malignant) (P = 1.0000). Duration of follow-up was 8 months to 5 years. Hemoptysis recurred in four patients 1, 2, 3, and 6 months after interventional operation, respectively, and was controlled by conservative treatment. Twenty-one patients had no recurrence of hemoptysis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Bleeding from the IPA can result in hemoptysis and failure of BAE in the treatment of hemoptysis. If IPA hemorrhage contributes to hemoptysis, supplementary IPA embolization may be a safe and effective treatment.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Angiography , Bronchiectasis , Diagnostic Imaging , Collateral Circulation , Embolization, Therapeutic , Methods , Female , Hemoptysis , Diagnostic Imaging , Therapeutics , Humans , Lung Injury , Diagnostic Imaging , Lung Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary , Diagnostic Imaging
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