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Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 253-258, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969831


Objective: To explore the characteristics and correlations of vaginal flora in women with cervical lesions. Methods: A total of 132 women, including 41 women diagnosed with normal cervical (NC), 39 patients with low-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN 1), 37 patients with high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN 2/3) and 15 patients with cervical squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), who came from the gynecological clinic of Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University during January 2018 to June 2018, were enrolled in this study according to the inclusive and exclusive criteria strictly. The vaginal flora was detected by 16S rDNA sequencing technology. Co-occurrence network analysis was used to investigate the Spearman correlations between different genera of bacteria. Results: The dominant bacteria in NC, CIN 1 and CIN 2/3 groups were Lactobacillus [constituent ratios 79.4% (1 869 598/2 354 098), 63.6% (1 536 466/2 415 100) and 58.3% (1 342 896/2 301 536), respectively], while Peptophilus [20.4% (246 072/1 205 154) ] was the dominant bacteria in SCC group. With the aggravation of cervical lesions, the diversity of vaginal flora gradually increased (Shannon index: F=6.39, P=0.001; Simpson index: F=3.95, P=0.012). During the cervical lesion progress, the ratio of Lactobacillus gradually decreased, the ratio of other anaerobes such as Peptophilus, Sneathia, Prevotella and etc. gradually increased, and the differential bacteria (LDA score >3.5) gradually evolved from Lactobacillus to other anaerobes. The top 10 relative abundance bacteria, spearman correlation coefficient>0.4 and P<0.05 were selected. Co-occurrence network analysis showed that Prevotella, Peptophilus, Porphyrinomonas, Anaerococcus, Sneathia, Atopobium, Gardnerella and Streptococcus were positively correlated in different stages of cervical lesions, while Lactobacillus was negatively correlated with the above anaerobes. It was found that the relationship between vaginal floras in CIN 1 group was the most complex and only Peptophilus was significantly negatively correlated with Lactobacillus in SCC group. Conclusions: The increased diversity and changed correlations between vaginal floras are closely related to cervical lesions. Peptophilus is of great significance in the diagnosis, prediction and early warning of cervical carcinogenesis.

Female , Humans , Vagina/microbiology , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/genetics , Uterine Cervical Dysplasia , Cervix Uteri , Lactobacillus/genetics , Papillomavirus Infections
Chinese Journal of Practical Gynecology and Obstetrics ; (12): 797-802, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816254


OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of vaginal microbial metabolites and enzyme changes and high-risk human papillomavirus(HR-HPV)infection in cervical intraepithelial neoplasia(CIN)and their interaction effects.METHODS: From June 2014 to December 2014,demographic characteristics and CIN-related factors and cervical liquid-based cytology(TCT)examination results were collected from 40 000 community-based populations from two regions of Shanxi Province by the Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University.Patients who meet the criteria for enrollment were further tested for vaginal microecology,HPV testing,and colposcopic and pathologic examination.A total of 782 cases with pathological diagnosis of CIN were chosen as the case group;1503 patients with normal pathological results were chosen as a control group.A multivariate logistic regression model was established to analyze the vaginal microbial metabolic enzymes cross-sectionally,then the association between vaginal microbial metabolic changes and CIN risk was evaluated.RESULTS: The expression of hydrogen peroxide(H2 O2),β-glucuronidase(GUS)and sialidase(SNA)was statistically correlated with CIN risk,and the odd ratios were 1.60(95% CI 1.30-1.96),1.58(95% CI 1.30-1.92),and 1.45(95% CI1.18-1.79),respectively.The expression of acetylglucosaminidase(NAG)and leukocyte esterase(LE)had no statistical association with CIN risk.Interaction analysis showed that there were positive multiplicative interactions among H2 O2,GUS,SNA and HR-HPV infections in the occurrence of CIN.CONCLUSION: Positive H2 O2,GUS,and SNA is associated with increased risk of CIN,and they have positive interaction with HR-HPV infection,which increases the risk of CIN.